Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 13, 2016
Deadly bacteria share weapons to outsmart antibiotics
A team of researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Universidad Nacional de Rosario and the National Research Council from Argentina have identified a bacterial mechanism that stabilizes certain MBLs in cell membranes and enables their spread into the environment.

Review: Telehealth poised to revolutionize health care
Telehealth is growing rapidly and has the potential to transform the delivery of health care for millions of persons.

NASA looks into Tropical Cyclone Celia's winds and rainfall rates
Tropical Cyclone Celia continued to generate heavy rains as it moved through the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

Study showing how primate brain develops can help understand human developmental disorders
Scientists have elucidated the genetic programs that guide the formation and development of specific regions within the brain of rhesus monkeys.

Certain characteristics predispose women to different hot flash and night sweat patterns
Most women will get hot flashes or night sweats at some point in life.

Overcoming barriers in the quest to starve tumors of blood supply
One of the most exciting strategies researchers are pursuing for fighting cancer is to cut off the blood supply of cancerous cells.

A 'key' to metastasis formation
Hokkaido University researchers identified a 'key' molecule that allows tumor cells to break into the bloodstream and form metastases.

New method can identify chemical warfare agents more easily
A new method for extracting, enriching and identifying chemical warfare agents from oils and other organic liquids could help government officials and homeland security protect civilians more effectively from their deadly effects.

Possible to account for disadvantaged populations in Medicare's payment programs
A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine says that Medicare's value-based payment programs could take into account social risk factors -- such as low socio-economic position, residence in disadvantaged neighborhoods, or race and ethnicity -- but any proposal to do so will entail both advantages and disadvantages that need to be carefully considered.

Think a gasoline-direct injection engine is the green choice? Maybe not
New research out of the University of Toronto's Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering shows that gasoline direct-injection engines aren't necessarily the greener choice.

Hidden moss chloroplast 'wall' discovered
Researchers of Kumamoto University in Japan have succeeded in the world's first visualization of a peptidoglycan 'wall' present in the chloroplasts of bryophytes (moss plants).

Gut bacteria imbalance increases diabetes risk
Currently, scientists think the major contributors to insulin resistance are excess weight and physical inactivity, yet ground-breaking new research by an EU funded European-Chinese team of investigators called MetaHit have discovered that specific imbalances in the gut bacteria can cause insulin resistance, which confers an increased risk of health disorders like type 2 diabetes.

Playing action video games boosts visual motor skill underlying driving
Playing action-based video games may boost players' ability to coordinate incoming visual information with their motor control, a skill critical to many real-world behaviors including driving, new research shows.

Fat cells may play key role in battle against breast cancer: York U study
New research led by York University Professor Michael Connor highlights how fat cells could help determine the most effective way to fight breast cancer; including using exercise to combat the disease.

Moffitt Cancer Center awarded $3.4 million grant to establish imaging biomarker validation center
Early detection is one of the most effective strategies to save lives from most cancers.

UNC professor identifies research priorities for National Institutes of Health
Nigel Key, MB, ChB, FRCP, director of the UNC Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center, is lead author of an advisory opinion on research priorities to address VTE in cancer patients.

Upstream trenches, downstream nitrogen
Researchers reduce the amount of nitrogen that moves downstream from fields with woodchip-filled trenches, bioreactors.

First drug target identified for children with rare type of brain tumor
Primitive neuroectodermal tumors are the largest group of malignant brain tumors in children.

Cyclic opioid peptides
For decades the opioid receptors have been an attractive therapeutic target for pain management and many endogenous opioid peptides have been known to produce opioid activity and analgesia.

A comparison between quetiapine and aripiprazole for treatment of schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a common cause of incapacity and is ranked as the third most disabling illness subsequent to dementia and quadriplegia.

Humans perceive time somewhere in between reality and our expectations
New research, using a Bayesian inference model of audio and visual stimuli, has shown how our perception of time lies mid-way between reality and our expectations.

Do we need to rethink modern democracy?
Democracy is under grave threat and with that the prospect of a better world for all, argues Philip Kotler in his latest book 'Democracy in Decline: Rebuilding its Future,' publishing with SAGE Publishing later this month.

Shedding new light on protein aggregates and the diseases they cause
Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Boston University have developed a system capable of quickly screening millions of yeast cells to measure protein aggregates.

Graphene-infused packaging is a million times better at blocking moisture
Plastic packaging might seem impenetrable -- and sometimes nearly impossible to remove -- but water molecules can still pass through.

Spinal cord stimulation is a safe, effective drug-free treatment for chronic pain
A study published in the Journal of Pain Research finds another safe and effective drug-free treatment option for chronic pain sufferers -- spinal cord stimulation (SCS).

New tool to identify persons with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Researchers have developed a diagnostic model that is highly predictive of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Terrified insect escapes a permanent tomb -- 50 million years ago
Thousands of insects, plants and other life forms have been found trapped in ancient amber deposits, but a new discovery shows a rarity of a different type -- the one that got away.

Americans say political candidates are not listening to their health concerns
A strong majority of Americans (81 percent) say medicines available today have improved their quality of life and even more (91 percent) say it is important to develop better medicines for conditions we currently treat, according to a new national public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America.

This week from AGU: Dormant volcanoes, climate tipping points, and 3 research spotlights
A long-dormant volcano outside Italy's capital is entering a new eruptive cycle, finds a new study in Geophysical Research Letters.

Penn preclinical study outlines cardiovascular side effects of breast cancer drug
A receptor protein that is the target of the breast cancer drug trastuzumab (Herceptin) is needed for proper heart blood-vessel development.

Simple procedure could improve treatment for common eye disease
A new, minimally invasive procedure appears to be effective for many patients with the common eye disease Fuchs endothelial dystrophy, without the potential side effects and cost of the current standard of care, a cornea transplant.

Closing parts of the ocean to fishing not enough to protect marine ecosystems
Fisheries professor Ray Hilborn's 3-page commentary argues that managing a country's entire fisheries is a better strategy than closing parts of the ocean to fishing.

NIH expands investment in HIV cure research
NIH has awarded approximately $30 million in annual funding over the next five years to six research collaborations working to advance basic medical science toward an HIV cure.

In the gut, nervous cells are the 'eyes and ears' of the immune system
A team of scientists in Portugal has discovered, in the mouse gut, a novel process that protects the bowel's lining against inflammation and microbial aggressions -- and fights them when they arise.

Calculus I factors women out of STEM degrees
It's no secret that Calculus I is a major hurdle in the quest for a science degree.

Viruses revealed to be a major driver of human evolution
The constant battle between pathogens and their hosts has long been recognized as a key driver of evolution, but until now scientists have not had the tools to look at these patterns globally across species and genomes.

Millennials and marrying young: Like mother, like child
Daughters and sons of mothers who tied the knot young are more likely to want to marry early too, but only if Mom stayed married, new research has found.

Shocking new role found for the immune system: Controlling social interaction
The unexpected finding could have great implications for neurological conditions such as autism-spectrum disorders and schizophrenia.

Tropical forests overexploited by unsustainable logging
Widely hailed as a renewable natural resource, tropical timber from old-growth tropical forests is selectively logged worldwide at an unprecedented scale.

New technique targets gene that causes neurodegenerative disease
Neuroscientists at the University of Chicago studying a unique gene that expresses two proteins, one that is necessary for life and another, that when mutated causes a neurodegenerative disease called spinocerebellar ataxia type 6, have developed a technique to selectively block the disease-causing protein without affecting the other.

In cancer and aging, interconnected roles for apoptosis and cellular senescence
A new review explores the mechanisms activating cell death and blocking proliferation of mutated cells, with a view towards creating more effective therapies combining both programs.

Blood glucose health is decreasing in obese adults; increasing risks for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular complications
Blood glucose health is deteriorating in obese adults, despite overall progress in lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels; raising risks for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications.

Food nudging can help us to eat in a healthier way
What we eat in the canteen and buy in the supermarket for dinner depends on the order in which the dishes are presented, and how easy it is to get to the products.

Stressful trigger events associated with risk of violent crime
A study published online by JAMA Psychiatry of patients in Sweden suggests trigger events, including exposure to violence, were associated with increased risk of violent crime in the week following exposure among patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and among individuals without psychiatric diagnoses who were included for comparison.

Study uses text-mining to improve market intelligence on startups
A researcher at The University of Texas at Arlington has created a new method that uses big data analytics and text-mining techniques to improve market intelligence and explain potential mergers and acquisitions of startup companies in the fast-moving high-technology industry.

ALMA makes first sighting of water snow line around young star
The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) has made the first ever resolved observation of a water snow line within a protoplanetary disc.

Microalgae -- a promising future resource?
New technological developments allow for a significant decrease in the resources necessary for microalgae production.

Study to examine ethnic disparities in brain health using historic Kaiser Permanente data
A new five-year, $13 million Kaiser Permanente study will revisit physical exams undertaken from the 1960s through the 1980s to evaluate how risk factors in early and mid-life have affected brain health and dementia risk among a large, ethnically diverse cohort of seniors.

US Army part of team to win HIV Cure Research grant
The US Military HIV Research Program is part of a collaborative research team that was awarded funds from the NIH Martin Delaney Collaboratories for HIV Cure Research initiative to develop an integrated approach to finding an HIV cure.

Treatment targets HIV's last hiding place
Laboratory tests using cells from HIV patients who had successfully undergone ART showed ImmTAV treatment could remove up to 85 percent of latently infected cells.

There are so many Amazonian tree species, we won't discover the last one for 300 years
In a new study in Scientific Reports, scientists have compiled data from museums around the world to find how many Amazonian tree species have been described so far.

The Lancet: Obesity linked to premature death, with greatest effect in men
A study of 3.9 million adults published today in The Lancet finds that being overweight or obese is associated with an increased risk of premature death.

Lack of paternal information on birth certificate may increase a child's obesity risk
A new study by a Massachusetts General Hospital-led research team finds an association between the lack of paternal information on infants' birth certificates and increases in several risk factors for childhood obesity.

Analysis of ant colonies could improve network algorithms
Analysis of ant colony behavior could yield better algorithms for network communication.

NTU and NEA collaborate to develop a waste-to-energy research facility
The National Environment Agency (NEA) today signed a Collaboration Agreement with the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) to co-fund the development of a S$40 million Waste-To-Energy Research Facility.

Mass. General study links developmental and lipid handling pathways in C. elegans
A Massachusetts General Hospital research team reports finding that a previously unknown interaction between metabolic pathways in two different tissues within the C.elegans roundworm triggers a key step in maturation.

Local drug activation at solid tumor sites
Sarcoma is an aggressive form of cancer responsible for up to 20 percent of childhood cancers.

Tiny 'racetracks' show how bacteria get organized
A new study helps explain the collective dynamics that emerge when bacteria are confined to tight spaces.

Electricity generated with water, salt and a 3-atoms-thick membrane
Proponents of clean energy will soon have a new source to add: osmotic power.

How plants can grow on salt-affected soils
The increasing salinisation of soils is a major problem for farmers worldwide.

Simplifying access to gene testing for women with ovarian cancer
A new streamlined approach to genetic testing for women with ovarian cancer provides testing rapidly and affordably, allowing many more patients to benefit from personalized cancer management and their relatives to benefit from cancer prevention strategies.

Detecting melanoma early, without a biopsy
Colorado State University Professor Jesse Wilson has received a one-year, $30,000 grant from the Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute to develop a new microscope that can distinguish between benign and malignant pigmented skin lesions, without the need for biopsy.

Why we like the music we do
A new study from MIT and Brandeis University suggests musical tastes are cultural, not hardwired in the brain.

Drug-use may hamper moral judgment
Regular cocaine and methamphetamine users can have difficulty choosing between right and wrong, perhaps because the specific parts of their brains used for moral processing and evaluating emotions are damaged by their prolonged drug habits.

To save water on lawns, throw some shade
How much water does your lawn really need? A University of Utah study re-evaluated lawn watering recommendations by measuring water use by lawns in Los Angeles.

New dissolvable metal support enables 3-D printing of complex metallic structures
Researchers have fabricated dissolvable carbon steel structures using 3-D printing technology that can provide temporary support for components of larger stainless steel structures made by additive manufacturing.

Researchers at the UPV/EHU characterize the materials of Punta Begoña Galleries
The Journal of Raman Spectroscopy has published the work, conducted by a UPV/EHU group of researchers, to characterize all the materials used to build the Punta Begoña Galleries (Getxo).

Differences in CEO leadership style, company culture improve firm performance, study finds
Chief executive officers should have a different leadership style from an organization's culture in order to improve a firm's performance, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Arizona State University, the University of South Australia and Auckland University of Technology.

Technological and cultural innovations amongst early humans not sparked by climate change
Environmental records obtained from archaeological sites in South Africa's southern Cape suggest climate may not have been directly linked to cultural and technological innovations of Middle Stone Age humans in southern Africa after all.

Crossing the barriers: Pharmacy researchers improving drug delivery
A number of drugs -- from insulin to cancer chemotherapy -- can be delivered only via injections, which are far more difficult for patients than taking a simple tablet or pill.

Discovery of new strains of the HTLV-4 virus in hunters bitten by gorillas in Gabon
Scientists from the Institut Pasteur and the CNRS have identified two new strains of the HTLV-4 virus in two hunters who were bitten by gorillas in Gabon.

In the firefly's flash, seeking new insights on evolution
From loud calls to flashing lights, animals use a wide array of signals to attract mates.

Ultrasound offers tool for blocking faulty vessels in placental disorder
Ultrasound waves may offer a new tool for splitting abnormal blood vessels in the placenta that affect some twin pregnancies, a new study shows in sheep.

Commissioner Vella consults CEOs of European Marine Board member institutes
Karmenu Vella, EU Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries met with ocean research leaders at the European Marine Board offices in Ostend, Belgium, July 8, to discuss ocean research challenges.

Scientists work to stop fat cells from becoming large, dysfunctional on a high-fat diet
A high-fat diet makes your fat cells larger, inflamed and dysfunctional, putting you at increased risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Tiny works of art with great potential
Unlike classical crystals, quasicrystals do not comprise periodic units, even though they do have a superordinate structure.

Springer Nature and Tsinghua University Press present the Third Nano Research Award
Peidong Yang has received the third Tsinghua University Press-Springer Nano Research Award.

Rat study shows gut microbes play a role in colon cancer susceptibility
The microscopic organisms that live in our gut do more than help us digest food.

Chromatin remodeling proteins: New insights in human malignancy and targeted cancer therapy
Chromatin remodeling proteins (chromatin remodelers) are essential and powerful regulators for critical DNA-templated cellular processes, such as DNA replication, recombination, gene transcription/repression, and DNA damage repair.

Menopause symptoms and relationship to demographic and psychosocial factors
The progression of vasomotor symptoms across the menopause transition appears to be significantly and independently associated with a number of sociodemographic, reproductive hormone, and psychosocial factors.

Did cutting edge optics help Rembrandt draw self-portraits?
Rembrandt and many other of the Old Masters may have used cutting-edge optics to aid their self-portraits.

Your best diet might depend on your genetics
If you've ever seen a friend have good results from a diet but then not been able to match those results yourself, you may not be surprised by new findings in mice that show that diet response is highly individualized.

NEJM: 'TBI's long-term follow-up -- slow progress in science and recovery'
Eleven years ago in the New England Journal of Medicine, medical journalist Susan Okie, M.D., first introduced readers to two US Army veterans who suffered traumatic brain injuries in Iraq, and the challenges they faced in the recovery period after returning home.

Recent advances in site specific conjugations of antibody drug conjugates
Antibody-drug conjugates take the advantage of antigen specificity of monoclonal antibodies to deliver highly potent cytotoxic drugs selectively to antigen-expressing tumor cells.

Polypharamocological drugs in the treatment of epilepsy: The comprehensive review of marketed and new emerging molecules
In this article, authors have comprehensively discussed the role of polypharmacological drugs for the therapy of epilepsy.

Greater privacy and security measures needed to protect patient info in mobile health tech
With over two-thirds of US adults owning a smartphone, and the rise in miniaturized sensors and low-power body area networks that are used for remote health monitoring, mobile health (mHealth) is beginning to experience a boom.

Sugar-binding protein galectin-9 found to be a new weapon to cure HIV
Scientists at Blood Systems Research Institute, the University of California at San Francisco, and the University of Hawaii have discovered that the human sugar-binding protein galectin-9 potently reactivates latent HIV stores and renders infected cells visible to the immune system for eradication in patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy.

Sound waves may hold potential to treat twin pregnancy complications
The early-stage feasibility study involving sheep suggests High Intensity Focused Ultrasound -- a technique already used for treating some cancers -- could help a condition called Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome.

Adipose analysis on microfluidic chips
A Freiburg-based research group has developed a microfluidic chip where more than one hundred apidose-derived adult stem cell cultures can grow and divide.

Stellar outburst brings water snowline into view
A violent outburst by the young star V883 Orionis has given astronomers using ALMA their first view of a water 'snowline' in a protoplanetary disk -- the transition point around the star where the temperature and pressure are low enough for water ice to form.

Breakthrough in scaling up life-changing stem cell production
Scientists have discovered a new method of creating human stem cells which could solve the big problem of the large-scale production needed to fully realize the potential of these remarkable cells for understanding and treating disease.

High-resolution imaging reveals the secrets of a bacterial toxin
Many bacteria use specialized toxins to attack and infect other cells.

Stand-up comics more likely to die prematurely than film comedians and dramatic actors
The world's best stand-up comedians -- household names including Kevin Hart, Amy Schumer, Jimmy Fallon, Chris Rock, Jerry Seinfield, Ricky Gervais and Eddie Murphy -- are more likely to die than comedic and dramatic screen and stage actors, according to a landmark study.

Allen Brain Observatory launched
The Allen Institute for Brain Science today announced the release of the Allen Brain Observatory: a highly standardized survey of cellular-level activity in the mouse visual system.

New study shows differences in blood pressure variation across ethnicity
Differences in circadian blood pressure variation due to a combination of genetic and cultural factors may contribute to ethnic differences in cardiovascular morbidity, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Hydroelectric dams kill insects, wreak havoc with food webs
Hydropower dams generate more energy than all other renewable sources combined.

Over 1.1 million patients to benefit from expanded academic health science center
The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust and the Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust have joined the Imperial College Academic Health Science Centre.

Hot electrons detected at solid-liquid interfaces
The research team confirmed the first observation of the hot electrons through the exothermic catalytic reaction occurring at the liquid phase.

Reducing racial bias possible in older children, finds UBC study
Research has shown children have racial biases from an early age, but a new University of British Columbia study has found that it is possible to combat prejudice in older kids.

New insights on how cells regrow after being sliced in half
For a single celled organism, as with many cells, cell shape is critical to the functions it can perform.

GW chosen to help lead national effort to find a cure for HIV/AIDS
Researchers from the George Washington University have received a $28 million, five-year Martin Delaney Collaboratory grant from the National Institutes of Health to apply immunotherapy advances in order to create a novel HIV cure strategy.

What free will looks like in the brain
Johns Hopkins University researchers are the first to glimpse the human brain making a purely voluntary decision to act.

Preventing type 2 diabetes: When genes fail to respond
It is widely accepted that physical exercise lowers the risk of developing diabetes.

Indestructible bridges could be reality
A new generation of indestructible bridges could be possible, thanks to research from the University of Warwick.

More evidence that male and female brains are wired differently
While measuring brain activity with magnetic resonance imaging during blood pressure trials, UCLA researchers found that men and women had opposite responses in the right front of the insular cortex, a part of the brain integral to the experience of emotions, blood pressure control and self-awareness.

SNMMI honors outstanding contributors at annual meeting
The Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, an international scientific and medical organization, recognized contributions to the field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging during its 2016 Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif.

Nivolumab cost-effectiveness improves by selecting non-squamous NSCLC PD-L1+ patients
Nivolumab (NIV), a checkpoint inhibitor approved for all squamous and non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in 2015, is not cost-effective when compared to treatment with docetaxel (DOC), chemotherapy medication.

Tendon, heal thyself!
A new study from scientists at the Scripps Research Institute reveals the role of a gene called Mkx in maintaining and strengthening tendons in animal models.

Making a multi-use, stiff carbon foam using bread
Sturdy, lightweight carbon foam has many structural and insulating applications in aerospace engineering, energy storage and temperature maintenance.

Study shows allocation of police resources affects economic welfare, inequality
Decisions about how to allocate police resources in a community are likely to influence not only crime but also housing prices, overall economic welfare and social inequality, according to a new study by economists at Indiana University and the University of Maryland.

Doubling up to fight pain
Queen's University researcher Ian Gilron has uncovered a more effective way of treating fibromyalgia, a medical condition characterized by chronic widespread pain typically accompanied by fatigue, as well as sleep, mood and memory problems.

Could more fuel-efficient engines lead to more global warming?
Auto industry experts predict that more than 50 percent of cars on the road by 2020 will use a relatively new type of fuel-efficient engine.

Role of vitamin D in complications, access outcome in patients with chronic kidney disease
In recent years, a growing interest has prompted research to find new links between vitamin D and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), cell proliferation, and anti-apoptotic cell paths in the vascular system.

Life at the extremes
In a new study, researchers from Italy's University of Camerino examine the genes and proteins behind this organism's remarkable ability to cope with its extreme environment, which is not only unthinkably cold, but also saturated with oxygen at a level that would be very stressful for most organisms.

Hungry parents may feed their kids more, UF study finds
The hungrier parents are at mealtimes, a new study shows, the more they may feed their young children, which could have implications for childhood obesity.

Newly discovered dinosaur had 'T. rex arms' that evolved independently
A newly-discovered dinosaur from Patagonia has short, two-fingered claws like a T. rex, even though it's not closely related to the tyrannosaurs.

A new spin on reality
OIST scientists predict the existence of a new kind of spin liquid.

Loss of independence after surgery for older patients associated with increased risk of hospital readmission
In a study published online by JAMA Surgery, Julia R.

Cave-dwelling fish could provide clues to staying healthy with diabetes
New findings presented at The Allied Genetics Conference 2016, a meeting hosted by the Genetics Society of America, reveal the genetic basis of how cavefish have adapted to their extreme environment, information that might one day lead to new kinds of treatments for diabetes and other diseases.

CCNY-led study finds differing treatment options for women smokers
A new study led by Assistant Medical Professor Philip Smith of The City College of New York's Sophie Davis Biomedical Education/CUNY School of Medicine, and conducted in collaboration with researchers at Yale University and Yeshiva University, found important differences between women and men in their ability to quit smoking when taking medications commonly prescribed to help smokers quit.

$450,000 grant fuels IU-Navy effort to improve safety of military technology
An Indiana University expert in the high-tech field of computer vision will collaborate with US Navy engineers at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division in southern Indiana to improve the quality of microelectronic components used in critical military systems like communication and navigation.

Which strategies are most effective for reducing use of low-value health services?
A Dartmouth Institute study, published this week in Medical Care Research and Review, is the first systematic literature review to examine the entire field of interventions designed to reduce low-value care.

UNC awarded nearly $23 million to continue national effort to cure HIV
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill will receive nearly $23 million over the next five years to continue research on their innovative 'kick and kill' strategy for eradicating HIV.

NSF awards UTEP $1.9 million to prepare new generation in computer science
The National Science Foundation has awarded the University of Texas at El Paso $1.9 million to prepare more computer science professionals over the next five years.

23andMe launches new genotyping services for research
23andMe announced the launch of its new Genotyping Services for Research platform, providing scientists with an end-to-end service to incorporate genetic information into their studies.

Brain cell death in Alzheimer's linked to structural flaw
Researchers have identified a new biological pathway involved in Alzheimer's disease.

Deciphering the mutations behind drug resistance
Antimicrobial resistance in disease-causing microbes has garnered attention in recent years, but another persistent area of drug resistance is the ability for tumors to evade chemotherapy drugs.

Ravens learn best from their affiliates
One of the benefits of living together is gaining new information from group members.

The rise of OLED displays could lead to shatterproof phones
These days, it seems like gadgets are constantly improving, and now the next big development may be organic light-emitting diodes, or OLEDs.

Feather-munching bacteria damage wild bird plumage
A new study in The Auk: Ornithological Advances links feather-degrading bacteria to damaged plumage on wild birds for the first time, offering new insights into how birds' ecology and behavior might affect their exposure to these little-studied microbes.

Alaska's shorebirds exposed to mercury
Shorebirds breeding in Alaska are being exposed to mercury at levels that could put their populations at risk, according to new research from The Condor: Ornithological Applications.

Study finds first evidence that PD-1 antibody could help men with metastatic prostate cancer
A new study from the OHSU Knight Cancer Institute is reviving hope that the approach also may help men with life-threatening prostate cancer.

As overweight and obesity increase, so does risk of dying prematurely
Being overweight or obese is associated with a higher risk of dying prematurely than being normal weight -- and the risk increases with additional pounds, according to a large international collaborative study led by researchers at the Harvard T.H.

NASA looks at a strengthening Tropical Storm Darby
Tropical Storm Darby has been increasing in intensity since yesterday and is expected to become a hurricane.

New screening method uses tiny worms to seek serum for healthy aging
A new screening approach uses several types of roundworms to identify chemicals that might one day help people stay healthy longer.

Students' PTSD symptoms fluctuate greatly during first year of college
A new University at Buffalo study is helping researchers better understand how post-traumatic stress disorder fluctuates in students during their first year of college.

Genetically improving sorghum for production of biofuel
The bioenergy crop sorghum holds great promise as a raw material for making environmentally friendly fuels and chemicals that offer alternatives to petroleum-based products.

Immunotherapy benefits relapsed stem cell transplant recipients
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute study published in the New England Journal of Medicine suggests that using repeated doses of an immunotherapy drug can restore a complete remission for some relapsed stem cell transplant recipients.

Internists say cost sharing, particularly deductibles, may cause patients to forgo or delay care
The American College of Physicians (ACP) today said that cost sharing, particularly deductibles, may cause patients to forgo or delay care, including medically necessary services.

Alzheimer's gene may show effects on brain starting in childhood
A gene associated with Alzheimer's disease and recovery after brain injury may show its effects on the brain and thinking skills as early as childhood, according to a study published in the July 13, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Moffitt Cancer Center awarded $3.2 million grant to study bone metastasis in prostate cancer
Moffitt researchers David Basanta, Ph.D., and Conor Lynch, Ph.D., have been awarded a U01 grant to investigate prostate cancer metastasis.

NYU researchers report cybersecurity risks in 3-D printing
Researchers examined two aspects of additive manufacturing (AM), or 3-D printing, that could have cybersecurity implications and harmful economic impact: printing orientation and insertion of fine defects.

Researchers uncover new light harvesting potentials
Griffith University researchers have discovered significant new potentials for light harvesting through narrowing the bandgap of titania and graphene quantum dots.

Mini-brain model of idiopathic autism reveals underlying pathology of neuronal overgrowth
The majority of cases of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are unknown.

Remote-controlled implantable device delivers HIV prevention drug
A Houston Methodist research team received a nearly $4 million grant to test a transcutaneously refillable implant that administers pre-exposure prophylaxis drugs to subjects at risk of HIV-exposure. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to