Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 15, 2016
How can medical centers transform their patient safety culture?
Though health care is not without risks or error, hospital employees can support a culture of patient safety by identifying, reporting, and learning from medical mistakes that have or could have harmed patients.

NSF leads federal effort to boost advanced wireless research
Today, the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced that it will invest more than $400 million over the next seven years to support fundamental wireless research and to develop platforms for advanced wireless research in support of the White House's Advanced Wireless Research Initiative.

The Electrochemical Society and Toyota North America announce 2016-2017 fellowship winners for projects in green energy technology
The ECS Toyota Young Investigator Fellowship Selection Committee has selected three recipients who will receive a minimum of $50,000 each for fellowships for projects in green energy technology.

Selecting good 'drug-like' properties to optimize small molecule blood-brain barrier penetration
In this review, the current state of knowledge in designing pharmacologically active small molecules to possess physicochemical properties sufficient to engender blood-brain barrier penetration is examined.

NASA satellites see weaker Tropical Storm Celia move into central Pacific
Tropical Storm Celia has crossed 140 degrees west longitude line, which means the storm has moved from the Eastern into the Central Pacific Ocean.

Proteins team up to turn on T cells
Scientists are learning how cells make the decision to become T cells.

Sex in the city: Peregrine falcons in Chicago don't cheat
A new study reveals that the peregrine falcons living in urban environments in the American Midwest remain faithful to their mates, despite the denser populations in cities that would afford them more opportunities to 'cheat.'

Optical magnetic field sensor can detect signals from the nervous system
The human body is controlled by electrical impulses in the brain, the heart and nervous system.

'Noah's Ark' ex silico
An international team of researchers is enlisting supercomputing to help better predict where plants and animals might end up under the effects of climate change.

NASA sees Darby's clouded eye
The Suomi NPP satellite passed over Hurricane Darby and saw clouds in its eye as the storm continued tracking west in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

Early echocardiography to study pulmonary hypertension in mouse model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine who focus on bronchopulmonary dysplasia and pulmonary hypertension, a common lung disease in premature infants, have shown that echocardiography can be used to detect the pulmonary hypertension in neonatal mice at an earlier time point than previously thought.

Alternating periods of high- and low-entropy neural ensemble activity during image processing in the primary visual cortex of rats
The purpose of the study was to investigate the nonlinear dynamic properties of neural ensemble activity in the primary visual cortex of rats.

New images of a calcium-shuttling molecule that has been linked to aggressive cancer
Scientists have captured new images of a calcium-shuttling molecule that has been linked to aggressive cancers.

Easier, faster, cheaper: A full-filling approach to making nanotubes of consistent quality
To prevent filling of the cores of single-wall carbon nanotubes with water or other detrimental substances, researchers advise intentionally prefilling them with a desired chemical of known properties.

Biochemists feed 'poison pill' to deadly virus with a funny name
It has a funny name -- coxsackievirus -- but there's nothing funny about how this tiny germ and its close relatives sicken their hosts.

Printable prosthetics
In areas of conflict, prosthetics could help victims who lose their limbs due to weapons and mines.

Comprehensive map of primate brain development published in Nature
Researchers at the Allen Institute for Brain Science have published an in-depth analysis of a comprehensive molecular atlas of brain development in the non-human primate.

Preparedness guide on Zika and substances of human origin
Zika virus is mainly transmitted to humans through mosquitoes but can potentially also be transmitted through substances of human origin (SoHO) such as blood, tissue and cells.

Cancer-fighting gene immunotherapy shows promise as treatment for HIV
A study from the UCLA AIDS Institute and Center for AIDS Research suggests that recently discovered potent antibodies can be used to generate a specific type of cell called chimeric antigen receptors, or CARs, that can be used to kill cells infected with HIV-1.

Cell research could help with heart tissue transplants
A new technique developed by a UBC researcher could make tissue regeneration cheaper and safer for health-care systems and their patients.

Scientists move 1 step closer to creating an invisibility cloak
Scientists at Queen Mary University of London have made an object disappear by using a material with nano-size particles that can enhance specific properties on the object's surface.

Reopening avenues for attacking ALS
Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers have found evidence that bone marrow transplantation may one day be beneficial to a subset of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.The data suggests the most common genetic mutation associated with ALS plays an important role in not only the nervous system, but also the blood and immune systems.

Global study shows stroke largely preventable
Ten risk factors that can be modified are responsible for nine of 10 strokes worldwide, but the ranking of those factors vary regionally, according to a study of 26,000 people worldwide led by McMaster University researchers and published in The Lancet.

The Lancet: Stroke is largely preventable, with hypertension confirmed as biggest risk factor, according to global study
Hypertension (high blood pressure) remains the single most important modifiable risk factor for stroke, and the impact of hypertension and nine other risk factors together account for 90 percent of all strokes, according to an analysis of nearly 27,000 people from every continent in the world (INTERSTROKE), published in The Lancet.

International team describes step-by-step progress in battling toxoplasmosis
In the July 14 edition of Scientific Reports (Nature), 39 researchers from 14 leading institutions in the United States, United Kingdom and France suggest novel approaches that could hasten the development of better medications for people suffering from toxoplasmosis.

How new HIV drugs lock virus in immaturity
A new type of HIV drug currently being tested works in an unusual way, scientists in the Molecular Medicine Partnership Unit, a collaboration between EMBL and Heidelberg University Hospital, have found.

Garlic aroma found in breast milk
Food chemists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg have found that garlic aroma is evident in the breast milk of women who have consumed garlic.

Denver Museum of Nature & Science curator discovers real reason turtles have shells
Dr. Tyler Lyson, Curator of Paleontology at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, along with scientists from Africa and Switzerland, has discovered the real reason turtles have shells.

Protein pairs make cells remember
Even single cells are able to remember information if they receive the order from their proteins.

Four Loyola physicians named to Who's Who in Hispanic Chicago
Four Loyola Medicine physicians have been named to Negocios Now's 2016 'Who's Who in Hispanic Chicago.' Loyola has more physicians on the list than any other medical center.

Penn study: Friendly competition and a financial incentive increases team exercise
Would having your exercise performance compared to that of your peers motivate you do more?

Pushing a single-molecule switch
The combined experimental and theoretical work, published this week in Nature Chemistry, opens a unique capability for studying mechanical activation and processing at the single-molecule level, elementary reactions that are involved in many important biological functions and are crucial in molecular devices.

Solving a plant-based Rubik's cube puzzle
Scientists at the John Innes Centre have discovered a key 'twist' in a Rubik's cube-like plant puzzle, which could pave the way to new, or more effective pharmaceuticals.

Race, not gender, is key factor in NIH awards
Race not gender appears to be the most significant factor influencing the award of a National Institutes of Health Research Project Grant, according to a new study led by a University of Kansas economist.

UMMS researchers discovered a novel link between immune system and social behavior
Using a systems-biology approach, scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School made a startling discovery that immune system signaling can directly affect, and even change, social behavior in mice and other model animals.

Prevalence of diagnosed sleep disorders has risen among US veterans
A new study found a six-fold increase in the age-adjusted prevalence of any sleep disorder diagnosis over an 11-year period among US veterans.

A 'bridge' of carbon between nerve tissues
A study that a new material made of carbon nanotubes supports the growth of nerve fibers, bridging segregated neural explants and providing a functional re-connection.

Study points to fast-acting drug for OCD
A single brain receptor is responsible for a range of symptoms in mice that are reminiscent of obsessive-compulsive disorder, according to a Duke University study appearing in the journal Biological Psychiatry.

Mark W. Bondi, Ph.D., recipient of 2016 Alzheimer Award
The Journal of Alzheimer's Disease is pleased to announce that Mark W.

Defining sarcopenic obesity is key to its effective treatment
Future Science Group today announced the publication of a new article in Future Science OA synthesizing current data on sarcopenic obesity, and looking to highlight the need for public health strategies for prevention and treatment.

Awesome autonomy: The future force and RoboBoats
The future of naval engineering was on display last week, as 13 teams of high school and college students did battle at the ninth annual RoboBoat Competition in Virginia Beach, Va.

Adjuvant chemotherapy in early-stage colon cancer may improve survival
Researchers and physicians have grappled with the role of 'adjuvant,' or post-surgery, chemotherapy for patients with early-stage colon cancer, even for cancers considered high risk.

Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation awards over $4 million to 10 top clinical investigators
The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation named seven new Damon Runyon Clinical Investigators at its spring 2016 Clinical Investigator Award Committee review.

Satellite sees Tropical Depression 6E form in Eastern Pacific
The sixth tropical depression of the Eastern Pacific Ocean formed on July 15 and was captured in an image from NOAA's GOES-West satellite.

Ptarmigan in Colorado have varied reproduction, not likely linked to warming trends
A new study led by Colorado State University researchers found that ptarmigan, which live in cold ecosystems, are not strongly affected by fluctuations in seasonal weather at two populations studied in Colorado.

How does water behave in space? U of T Engineering researchers aim to solve longstanding mystery
For decades, no one has had definitive answers to the question of how water behaves in space -- and now U of T Engineering researchers intend to solve the mystery once and for all.

Repeated stimulation treatment can restore movement to paralyzed muscles
Conducted at the Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, a new patient study could open a new opportunity to rehabilitate patients with spinal cord damage.

New tool calculates emissions impacts, energy benefits from smart grid investments
A free, web-based tool developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory estimates the emissions impacts associated for companies considering adopting various smart grid technologies.

New protocol enables analysis of metabolic products from fixed tissues
Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München have developed a new mass spectrometry imaging method which, for the first time, makes it possible to analyze hundreds of metabolites in fixed tissue samples.

Rare fungus product reduces resistance to antibiotics
Microorganisms, among them fungi, are a natural and rich source of antibiotic compounds.

40-year-old chorus frog tissues vital to Louisiana hybrid zone study
LSU researchers are shedding light on how often and where species hybridize through time, thanks to the rediscovery of 40-year-old tissue samples preserved at the LSU Museum of Natural Science, or LSUMNS.
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