Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 19, 2016
Newly described cellular defense activity could guide solutions to UTIs
The process cells use to secrete chemicals also appears to be the way to clear urinary tract infections, or UTIs, according to a study by researchers from Duke Health and Duke-National University of Singapore.

Many skin cancer patients still too likely to sunburn
A recent study by researchers at Johns Hopkins concludes that a substantial number of people with a history of the most frequent kind of nonmelanoma skin cancers still get sunburned at the same rate as those without previous history, probably because they are not using sun-protective methods the right way or in the right amounts.

Adults born with heart disease have increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes
Children born with heart disease have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes after age 30.

Eating healthy fats in place of carbs or saturated fats improves risk factors for diabetes
Eating more unsaturated fats in place of either dietary carbohydrate or saturated fat reduces blood sugar, insulin levels, and other metrics related to type 2 diabetes, according to a new meta-analysis of data from 102 randomized feeding trials in adults.

IVF treatment not associated with increased risk of breast cancer
Among women undergoing fertility treatment in the Netherlands between 1980 and 1995, the use of in vitro fertilization compared with non-IVF treatment was not associated with increased risk of breast cancer after a median follow-up of 21 years, according to a study appearing in the July 19 issue of JAMA.

Dr Arnab Basu MBE receives Honorary Doctorate of Science from Northumbria University
Dr Arnab Basu MBE has today received an Honorary Degree from Northumbria University, Newcastle, for his contribution to engineering and business.

New fMRI study seeks to detect brain activation in early and middle stages of Alzheimer's
Researchers hope to use fMRI to develop new experiments that can be analyzed in real-time while brain scanning is underway in Alzheimer's patients.

Potential new target identified for treating itch
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found how sensory nerve cells work together to transmit itch signals from the skin to the spinal cord, where neurons then carry those signals to the brain.

Comparing fungal secretions to uncover carbon compound degradation pathways
Fungal secretomes, those collections of all molecules secreted by a cell, contain enzymes that can break down plant cell wall components, useful to bioenergy researchers looking to cost-effectively convert plant mass into sustainable, alternative transportation fuels.

Dartmouth study with aye-ayes and slow loris finds that prosimians prefer alcohol
In the first controlled study of its kind using nectar-simulating solutions, Dartmouth researchers found that two aye-ayes and another prosimian primate (slow loris) could discriminate different concentrations of alcohol and that each species preferred the highest concentrations of alcohol available to them.

Ship engine emissions adversely affect macrophages
Ship emissions adversely affect the health of inhabitants of coastal regions.

Atrazine alternatives in sweet corn
Atrazine has been very good at killing weeds in corn fields for more than 50 years.

How to increase the fat burned during exercise
When we exercise, our body's oxidation of fat and carbohydrates depends on the intensity and duration of the activity.

Scientists herald 'tipping point' in ability to predict academic achievement from DNA
Scientists from King's College London have used a new genetic scoring technique to predict academic achievement from DNA alone.

Short cycle antiretrovirals: On the road to treatment 4 days a week
Triple antiretroviral therapy taken just 4 days a week, instead of daily, kept plasma viral load below 50 copies/mL in 96 of 100 patients in the study ANRS 162-4D.

Policy makers and ecologists must develop a more constructive dialogue to save the planet
An international consensus demands human impacts on the environment 'sustain', 'maintain', 'conserve', 'protect', 'safeguard', and 'secure' it.

Lower risk of bowel cancer death linked to high omega 3 intake after diagnosis
A high dietary intake of omega 3 fatty acids, derived from oily fish, may help to lower the risk of death from bowel cancer in patients diagnosed with the disease, suggests research published online in the journal Gut.

Selective retention of positive information may be marker for elderly memory loss
People who selectively recalled positive information over neutral and negative information performed worse on memory tests conducted by University of California, Irvine neurobiologists, who said the results suggest that this discriminating remembrance may be a marker for early stages of memory loss in the elderly.

Scientists create new thin material that mimics cell membranes
Materials scientists have created a new material that performs like a cell membrane found in nature.

Juicy news about cranberries
Illuminating traditional wisdom with chemistry and biophysics, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) and the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth has characterized the role of compounds in cranberry juice that block the critical first step in bacterial infections, the ability of bacteria to adhere to surfaces and form biofilms.

Modular acoustic filters simplify design of mufflers, musical instruments, audio tags
Designing acoustic filters that can block out a certain sound or produce a certain pitch can be hit or miss, but researchers have discovered a way to predict acoustic qualities 70,000 times faster than current algorithms, paving the way for new, computationally driven designs.

Radiologists do not face elevated risk of radiation-related mortality
Radiologists who graduated from medical school after 1940 do not face an increased risk of dying from radiation-related causes like cancer, according to a new study.

Using urban pigeons to monitor lead pollution
Tom Lehrer sang about poisoning them, but those pigeons in the park might be a good way to detect lead and other toxic compounds in cities.

New treatment developed to prevent nausea, vomiting caused by chemo
A drug that blocks neurotransmitters could reduce nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy, research co-authored by a Sanford Health physician and published in the New England Journal of Medicine finds.

Australian first study finds massive diabetic foot disease costs
New research from QUT shows preventable hospitalization from diabetic foot disease is costing Australia hundreds of millions of dollars each year.

Same genes could make us prone to both happiness and depression
Researchers from Oxford and UT Austin suggest that while no gene 'causes' mental ill health, some genes can make people more sensitive to the effects of their environment -- for better and for worse -- leading to both mental ill health and enhanced mental resilience.

Is fiction good for you? How researchers are trying to find out
It's assumed that reading fiction is good for your mental health, but evidence linking Jane Eyre or Anna Karenina to a broadened mind has been mostly anecdotal.

New nanoscale technologies could revolutionize microscopes, study of disease
Research completed through a collaboration with University of Missouri engineers, biologists, and chemists could transform how scientists study molecules and cells at sub-microscopic (nanoscale) levels.

Chapman University School of Pharmacy's Dr. Mehvar is distinguished teaching scholar
Dr. Reza Mehvar of Chapman University's two-year-old School of Pharmacy is the recipient of the 2016 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) Distinguished Teaching Scholar Award.

Virgin olive oil and hypertension
Oleic acid plus a constellation of minor constituents as a natural antihypertensive.

Chimpanzees: Travel fosters tool use
Chimpanzees traveling far and for longer time periods use tools more frequently to obtain food.

Chasing fire: Fever and human mobility in an epidemic
Disease ecologists working in the Amazonian city of Iquitos, Peru, have quantified for the first time how a fever affects human mobility during the outbreak of a mosquito-borne pathogen.

Buprenorphine implants may be effective relapse prevention tool for adults with opioid dependence
While buprenorphine has long been used to treat adults with opioid dependence, its efficacy can be hindered by lack of adherence to daily, sublingual (beneath the tongue) doses of the medication.

For ancient deep-sea plankton, a long decline before extinction
A new study of nearly 22,000 fossils finds that ancient plankton communities began changing in important ways as much as 400,000 years before massive die-offs ensued during the first of Earth's five great extinctions.

How much protein do you need to build muscle? (video)
For those striving to build muscle, protein is essential. While this is obvious to many athletes and gym-goers, the biological and chemical processes between drinking a protein shake and getting 'swole' may not be so clear.

Does hormone therapy after menopause affect memory?
Contrary to popular belief, taking estrogen after menopause may not affect the memory and thinking abilities of healthy women no matter when the treatment is started.

Wiley and ILAE partner on a new open access journal for epilepsy research
John Wiley and Sons, Inc., and the International League Against Epilepsy announced today the launch of a new international, open access publication, Epilepsia Open.

Ancient rocks reveal how Earth recovered from mass extinction
Scientists have shed light on why life on Earth took millions of years to recover from the greatest mass extinction of all time.

Software adds new level of control to industrial knitting machines
Software developed by Disney Research enables users to readily program industrial knitting machines, giving them the same flexibility to control the complex machine's output that already is commonplace for computer-controlled machine tools and for 3-D printers.

Scientists watch water fleas take over new territory
Look into any nutrient-rich pond almost anywhere in the world and you will find Daphnia pulex, a tiny crustacean (also called a water flea) that is a source of food for fish and fascination for scientists.

Surgical expenses cause financial catastrophe for millions each year
According to an analysis of publicly available data from 186 countries, direct medical costs of surgery put an estimated 43.9 percent of the world's population at risk of financial catastrophe and between 30.8 and 57.0 percent at risk of falling below national and international poverty lines.

Abnormalities found in 'insight' areas of the brain in anorexia
Abnormalities in brain regions involved in forming insight may help explain why some people with anorexia nervosa have trouble recognizing their dangerous, dysfunctional eating habits.

Protein found to bolster growth of damaged muscle tissue
Biologists have found that a protein that plays a key role in the lives of stem cells can bolster the growth of damaged muscle tissue, a step that could contribute to treatments for muscle degeneration caused by old age or muscular dystrophy.

Huge time-lag between erosion and mountain building
An unprecedented record of erosion rates dating back millions of years shows a significant time-lag between tectonic uplift and maximum erosion rates in the Argentine Precordillera mountains.

Where the buffalo have evolutionarily roamed
Once almost wiped out from existence, the mighty bison has recovered to become a symbol of pride for the American West and European conversation efforts.

Cancer Research UK boosts efforts to overcome deadliest cancer as rates climb
CANCER RESEARCH UK has tripled its investment in pancreatic cancer, one of the hardest cancers to treat, since launching its research strategy in 2014 according to new figures published today (Wednesday).

Fighting life-threatening bacteria without antibiotics
Patients suffering from liver cirrhosis often die of life-threatening bacterial infections.

Mercury exposure in Canada's northern indigenous communities
Mercury exposure is common in communities in Canada's north, especially in indigenous peoples who consume fish and other wild food with high mercury content, yet current clinical guidelines are not adequate for this population.

High fat diet improves cartilage repair in mice
Obesity is a well-known risk factor for osteoarthritis, but its effects on cartilage repair are unknown.

Brain stimulation to reduce food cravings? The data so far...
Available research suggests that noninvasive stimulation of a specific brain area can reduce food cravings -- particularly for high-calorie, 'appetitive' foods, according to a review in the Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine, the official journal of the American Psychosomatic Society.

Strathclyde mathematician wins prize for research into speeding up stroke diagnosis
A mathematician at the University of Strathclyde has shared in a prestigious prize for research into methods for accelerating the diagnosis of strokes.

Medication implant may improve opioid abstinence among adults with opioid dependence
In a study appearing in the July 19 issue of JAMA, Richard N.

ALS research suggests stem cells be 'aged' to speed progress toward finding treatments
Cedars-Sinai scientists are seeking to build an improved stem-cell model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) to accelerate progress toward a cure for the devastating neurological disorder.

Estimated prevalence of diabetes among adolescents higher than previously reported
In a study appearing in the July 19 issue of JAMA, Andy Menke, Ph.D., of Social & Scientific Systems, Silver Spring, Md., and colleagues estimated the prevalence of diabetes among U.S. adolescents, the percentage of those who were unaware of their diabetes, and the prevalence of prediabetes using nationally representative data.

Electron spin control: Levitated nanodiamond is research gem
Researchers have demonstrated how to control the 'electron spin' of a nanodiamond while it is levitated with lasers in a vacuum, an advance that could find applications in quantum information processing, sensors and studies into the fundamental physics of quantum mechanics.

Rare mutations in bowel cancer may identify patients with a better prognosis
A study focused on colorectal cancers and examined the presence of mutations in a gene that is essential for the accurate copying of DNA when cells divide, known as DNA polymerase epsilon (POLE).

Oceanographers grow, sequence genome of ocean microbe important to climate change
A University of Washington team has shed new light on a common but poorly understood bacteria known to live in low-oxygen areas in the ocean.

Researchers produce first widely protective vaccine against chlamydia
The first steps towards developing a vaccine against an insidious sexual transmitted infection have been accomplished by researchers at McMaster University.

Modern off-grid lighting could create 2 million new jobs in developing world
Many households in impoverished regions around the world are starting to shift away from inefficient and polluting fuel-based lighting -- such as candles, firewood, and kerosene lanterns -- to solar-LED systems.

Paths to Autism: One or Many?
A new report in Biological Psychiatry reports that brain alterations in infants at risk for autism may be widespread and affect multiple systems, in contrast to the widely held assumption of impairment specifically in social brain networks.

New study uses computer learning to provide quality control for genetic databases
A new study published in The Plant Journal helps to shed light on the transcriptomic differences between different tissues in Arabidopsis, an important model organism, by creating a standardized

House-hunting ants know how to take the hassle out of moving
Ants employ a few simple and flexible rules to ensure that moving a colony to a new nest does not end in chaos, especially if this is done over some distance.

Higher education associated with reduced heart failure risk after myocardial infarction
Higher education is associated with a reduced risk of developing heart failure after a heart attack, reports a study in more than 70,000 patients published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

CVIA special issue on Intervention
Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications has just published its Special Issue on Intervention, Guest Edited by Dr.

Soy-based protein boosts hunger hormone and stimulates appetite
Researchers have discovered a protein that stimulates secretion of ghrelin, an appetite-stimulating hormone produced in the stomach.

Role for enhancers in bursts of gene activity
A new study by researchers at Princeton University suggests that sporadic bursts of gene activity may be important features of genetic regulation rather than just occasional mishaps.

Liver diseases exhibit differing patterns in ethnic minorities
Chronic liver disease (CLD) and cirrhosis are serious liver conditions but little is known about how they affect ethnic minority populations in the United States.

Cave discoveries shed new light on Native and European religious encounters in the Americas
A project led by archaeologists from the British Museum and the University of Leicester has discovered remarkable evidence which shows how the first generations of Europeans to arrive in the Americas engaged with indigenous peoples and their spiritual beliefs deep inside the caves of a remote Caribbean island.

To catch a wireless thief
University of Utah School of Computing professor Sneha Kumar Kasera and his team of researchers are tasked with creating a system that allows cellphone and laptop users to help detect and locate someone who is stealing bandwidth on radio frequency waves.

Metastatic prostate cancer cases skyrocket
The number of new cases of metastatic prostate cancer climbed 72 percent in the past decade from 2004 to 2013, reports a new study.

Scientists agree that cranberry benefits may extend to the gut, heart, immune system and brain
Investigations show that unique compounds in cranberry juice, dried cranberries and various cranberry extracts hold great potential for the entire body.

Jamie Oliver's cooking courses give diets a boost, University of Leeds study finds
Jamie Oliver's back-to-basics approach to improving our diets works, according to a new study.

Discovery may lead to a treatment to slow Parkinson's disease
UAB researchers and colleagues have shown that the most common genetic cause of Parkinson's disease -- a mutant LRRK2 kinase enzyme -- contributes to the formation of inclusions in neurons, resembling one of the hallmark pathologies seen in Parkinson's disease.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees an almost symmetrical Tropical Storm Estelle
NASA's Aqua satellite saw an almost well-rounded Tropical Storm Estelle and identified the locations of the strongest convection in the developing eyewall.

How meltwater from the ice sheets disturbed the climate 10,000 years ago
How will the melting of ice in Greenland affect our climate?

Risk of low blood sugar differs among similar diabetes drugs
Adding sulphonylureas (SUs) to metformin remains a commonly used strategy for treating type 2 diabetes, but individual SUs differ and may confer different risks of abnormally low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia.

American Cancer Society endorses HPV vaccine recommendations from CDC
The American Cancer Society has updated its HPV prevention guideline to vaccinate males as well as females at ages 11 to 12.

Prostate cancer: should screening test procedures be tightened again?
The number of new cases of men suffering from metastatic prostate cancer has risen significantly in a decade's time, and is 72 percent greater in the year 2013 compared to 2004.

Why you'd better never have to ask the way when visiting the Northern Territory in Australia
Rather than using abstract directionals, speakers of Murrinhpatha make reference to locations of interest using named landmarks, demonstratives and pointing.

NASA seeks picometer accuracy
Finding and characterizing dozens of Earth-like planets will require a super-stable space telescope whose optical components move or distort no more than a few picometers -- a measurement smaller than the size of an atom.

No significant difference found between glucose-lowering drugs for risk of death
Among nearly 120,000 adults with type 2 diabetes, there were no significant differences in the associations between any of 9 available classes of glucose-lowering drugs (alone or in combination) and the risk of cardiovascular or all-cause mortality, according to a study appearing in the July 19 issue of JAMA.

Model helps identify drugs to treat cat eye infections
A new model of eye infections in cats can be used to test drugs to treat these conditions.

Beware of antioxidants, warns scientific review
The lay press and thousands of nutritional products warn of oxygen radicals or oxidative stress and suggest taking so-called antioxidants to prevent or cure disease.

An antibody-based drug for multiple sclerosis
Inserm Unit U919, directed by Professor Denis Vivien has developed an antibody with potential therapeutic effects against multiple sclerosis.

'Big mama' bonobos help younger females stand up for themselves
Bullying happens in the primate world too, but for young bonobo females, big mama comes to the rescue.

Surface tension can sort droplets for biomedical applications
A team led by Colorado State University's Arun Kota has engineered a simple and inexpensive device that can sort droplets of liquid based solely on the liquids' varying surface tensions.

Rate of new HIV infections increased in 74 countries over past decade
A study from the Global Burden of Disease collaborative network, published today in The Lancet HIV, found that 74 countries saw increases in age-standardized rates of new infections between 2005 and 2015, according to a new study led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

New study from Duke links prepregnancy obesity to infant growth
Infants born to women with a prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) in the obese range (>40) were 8% larger during the first two years of life than were those born to women with a BMI in the healthy range (18.5-24.9), based on a new study of a multiethnic group of infants in the US published in Childhood Obesity.

Research team led by NUS scientists develop plastic flexible magnetic memory device
Associate Professor Yang Hyunsoo from the National University of Singapore led a research team to successfully embed a powerful magnetic memory chip on a flexible plastic material.

NASA science flights target melting Arctic Sea ice
This summer, with sea ice across the Arctic Ocean shrinking to below-average levels, a NASA airborne survey of polar ice just completed its first flights.

Infections, antibiotic use linked to manic episodes in people with serious mental illness
In research using patient medical records, investigators from Johns Hopkins and Sheppard Pratt Health System report that people with serious mental disorders who were hospitalized for mania were more likely to be on antibiotics to treat active infections than a group of people without a mental disorder.

A mini-antenna for the data processing of tomorrow
With the rapid advance of miniaturization, data processing using electric currents faces tough challenges, some of which are insurmountable.

Tiny microbe turns tropical butterfly into male killer, scientists discover
A scientist from the University of Exeter has helped to identify a male-killing microbe in a tropical butterfly called the African Queen, which leads to the death of all sons when a mother is infected.

New detector overcomes key challenge in using light for wireless communications
In an advance that could one day make light-based wireless communications ubiquitous, researchers from Facebook, Inc.'s Connectivity Lab have demonstrated a conceptually new approach for detecting optical communication signals traveling through the air.

Mitochondrial dynamics impair nervous system development in Wolfram syndrome
Although mitochondria, the tiny capsules that produce energy for the cell, are known to play some role in neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders, the contribution of mitochondrial dynamics has been less clear.

Birds on top of the world, with nowhere to go
Climate change could make much of the Arctic unsuitable for millions of migratory birds that travel north to breed each year, according to a new international study published today in Global Change Biology.

X marks the spot at the center of the Milky Way galaxy
Two astronomers -- with the help of Twitter--have uncovered the strongest evidence yet that an enormous X-shaped structure made of stars lies within the central bulge of the Milky Way Galaxy.

In-hospital formula feeding, family history help explain breastfeeding gaps
Demographic characteristics and in-hospital formula feeding explain breastfeeding gaps between black and white mothers, whereas demographic characteristics and family history of breastfeeding help explain higher rates of breastfeeding in Hispanic mothers.

Expanding development associated with declining deer recruitment across western co.
A new study from Colorado Parks and Wildlife (CPW), WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and Colorado State University (CSU) shows that dramatic increases in residential and energy development is associated with declining early winter recruitment in western Colorado's mule deer populations.

Travel broadens chimps' horizons too
Travel fosters tool use in wild chimpanzees and it may also have been a driving force in early technological evolution by humans.

On the path to controlled gene therapy
The ability to switch disease-causing genes on and off remains a dream for many physicians, research scientists and patients.

2016 climate trends continue to break records
Two key climate change indicators -- global surface temperatures and Arctic sea ice extent -- have broken numerous records through the first half of 2016, according to NASA analyses of ground-based observations and satellite data.

What hibernating toads tell us about climate
The ability to predict when toads come out of hibernation in southern Canada could provide valuable insights into the future effects of climate change on a range of animals and plants.

Elderly Japanese most resilient in wake of triple disaster, study finds
Older people in Japan are more resistant to the impacts of disasters on their health than younger generations, a study suggests.

Different types of PUFAs are associated with differential risks for type 2 diabetes
Different types of circulating polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are associated with differing future risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a large European study authored by Nita Forouhi of the MRC Epidemiology Unit at the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom and colleagues, and published as part of the PLOS Medicine Special Issue on Diabetes Prevention.

Navy grant fuels efforts to improve safety, reduce manufacturing costs of aircraft parts
Andrew Makeev, a professor of aerospace engineering at The University of Texas at Arlington, will use a $181,000 grant from the Office of Naval Research to purchase an ARES-G2 integrated axial-torsional platform that will allow his team to better understand material properties including defect formation in composites as a function of manufacturing process.

Canada home to the first clinical study for a Zika vaccine
Université Laval's Infectious Disease Research Centre (IDRC) and Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec-Université Laval (CHU) are proud to announce that the first clinical study for a Zika vaccine in Canada is set to begin in Quebec City.

Minimalist swimming microrobots
When scaling down robots to the micrometer scale for tiny tasks such as incising tissue and puncturing retinal veins, minimalism is key.

After psychiatric hospital discharge, many patients are still taking multiple antipsychotic drugs
In recent years, measures have been introduced to reduce the rate of 'antipsychotic polypharmacy' -- taking more than one antipsychotic drug -- among patients with schizophrenia and other serious mental illnesses.

New research shows men more aggressive on dating sites, women more self-conscious
When it comes to messaging users on dating websites, men tend to be more aggressive and contact users they are interested in, whereas women tend to be more conscious of their own attractiveness to other users, according to new research.

Teaming up against sepsis
UCSB scientists collaborate with multiple institutions to conduct biomedical research on sepsis, thanks to a $12.8 million grant.

NASA sees two areas of strength in a weakening Tropical Cyclone Abela
Infrared data from the Suomi NPP satellite showed that Tropical Cyclone Abela continues to weaken in the Western Pacific Ocean.

Greater Boston area breast cancer survivor, volunteer receives ASTRO award
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has chosen Theresa A.

Using bed bug shed skins to combat the pest
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have discovered the shed skins of bed bugs retain the 'obnoxious sweetness' smell often associated with the pests, a finding that could potentially be used to combat infestations of the insects.

Social behavior of male mice needs estrogen receptor activation in brain region at puberty
A team of researchers led by Dr. Sonoko Ogawa at Tsukuba University revealed that expression of an estrogen receptor (ERα) in the medial amygdala (MeA) of the limbic system during puberty is essential for the testosterone-regulated expression of adult male social behaviors.

Counteracting poor decision-making due to sleep loss
Researchers from Washington State University's Sleep and Performance Research Center received a $1.7 million grant to develop and test cognitive flexibility training to combat the effects of sleep loss on decision-making under rapidly changing circumstances.

Researchers discover altruism is favored by chance
Why do we feel good about giving to charity when there is no direct benefit to ourselves, and feel bad about cheating the system?

Weird quantum effects stretch across hundreds of miles
MIT scientists have discovered strange quantum effects hold, even over hundreds of miles.

Want to cut calories? New studies suggest placing orders before it's time to eat
Want to cut calories and make healthier meal choices? Try avoiding unhealthy impulse purchases by ordering meals at least an hour before eating.

Quitting smoking during pregnancy: Beneficial for both mother and child
The results of a study, published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, indicate that in 80 percent of cases, women who used nicotine patches or the drug Zyban successively quit smoking.

UK life science company licenses IU method to create blood vessel cells
An Indiana University technology that could accelerate work conducted by drug discovery researchers, cancer biologists and vascular biologists has been licensed to a life science company in the United Kingdom that will use it to generate blood vessel cells from stem cells, which it will sell to customers.

Home-cooked meals for infants not always better than shop-bought ones
Home-cooked meals specifically designed for infants and young children, are not always better than commercially available baby foods, suggests research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Paleontology: Aftermath of a mass extinction
A new study of fossil fishes from Middle Triassic sediments on the shores of Lake Lugano provides new insights into the recovery of biodiversity following the great mass extinction event at the Permo-Triassic boundary 240 million years ago.

New technique uses electrical conductivity to measure blood in dry blood spot analysis
Researchers from The University of Texas at Arlington have demonstrated that electrical conductivity can be an effective means to precisely measure the amount of blood present in dry blood spot analysis, providing a new alternative to the current preferred approach of measuring sodium levels.

Behavioral scientists help Ontario save money through more online license plate renewals
In Ontario, only about 10 percent of vehicle owners do their annual license plate sticker renewals via the Internet.

NASA sees a weaker Hurricane Darby in infrared light
Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite shows that Hurricane Darby is losing its punch.

Big data for small cells
Neuherberg, Germany & Basel, July 19, 2016. Working with colleagues from the ETH Zürich, scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technical University of Munich have developed software that allows observing cells for weeks while also measuring molecular properties.

The Lancet HIV: New HIV infections stagnating at 2.5 million a year worldwide
A major new analysis from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study, published today in The Lancet HIV journal, reveals that although deaths from HIV/AIDS have been steadily declining from a peak in 2005, 2.5 million people worldwide became newly infected with HIV in 2015, a number that hasn't changed substantially in the past 10 years.

The 80th CSH Symposium Proceedings addresses 21st Century Genetics: Genes at Work
'21st Century Genetics: Genes at Work,' the 80th Cold Spring Harbor Symposium Proceedings, provides a current synthesis of genetic mechanisms and genome/chromosome biology.

NIH awards UAB 3 maternal and infant health grants
UAB continues to improve maternal and infant health as the only university to be a member of all three NIH perinatal networks. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to