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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | July 21, 2016


Computer model predicts how people perceive softness of 3-D printed objects
A plastic ducky produced by one 3-D printer may look the same as one produced by another printer, but it doesn't necessarily feel the same.
First free comprehensive data facility for patient-centered care
The first free and openly available comprehensive data resource for international measures relating to patient experience and person-centered care has been launched, providing a 'one-stop' website for commissioners, health managers, researchers and others.
Four young pediatric cancer research fellows earn $1 million in new awards
The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation has named four outstanding young scientists as recipients of the prestigious Damon Runyon-Sohn Pediatric Cancer Research Fellowship Award, committing nearly $1 million to help address a critical shortage of funding for pediatric cancer research.
Computer scientists find way to make all that glitters more realistic in computer graphics
Iron Man's suit. Captain America's shield. The Batmobile. These all could look a lot more realistic thanks to a new algorithm developed by a team of US computer graphics experts.
HD monkeys display full spectrum of symptoms seen in humans
Transgenic Huntington's disease monkeys developed at Yerkes display a full spectrum of symptoms resembling the human disease, strengthening the case that they could be used to evaluate emerging treatments before launching human clinical trials.
Light-bulb moment for stock market behavior
Physicists have discovered that the timing of electronic orders on the stock market can be mathematically described in the same way as the lifetime of a light bulb.
Imaging software predicts how you look with different hair styles, colors, appearances
How can we predict if a new haircut will look good without physically trying it?
World's most sensitive dark matter detector completes search
At a conference in the United Kingdom, scientists with the LUX dark matter experiment present results from the detector's final 20-month run.
Football concussion update: Player-on-player hits cause more serious head impacts
In football, player-vs.-player hits will likely cause more severe head impacts than other impacts, according to a new study by a University of Georgia researcher.
Annual Meeting now offering CME and CE
Participants can earn continuing education contact hour credits in Nursing (CNE), and Medicine (CME for physicians and non-physicians) during the SDMPH Annual Meeting 2016.
Does social status affect generosity?
High-ranking people don't always turn out to be selfish jerks.
Mount Sinai researchers identify way to predict and prevent damage in donated kidneys
A multicenter team of researchers led by Barbara Murphy, MD, of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has identified a panel of genes which can help predict whether a transplanted kidney will later develop fibrosis, an injury which can cause the organ to fail.
An accelerated pipeline to open materials research
The Bellerophon Environment for Analysis of Materials (BEAM) is an ORNL platform that combines scientific instruments with web and data services and HPC resources through a user-friendly interface.
Should I stay or should I go?
What makes people incapable of controlling their most everyday voluntary motions -- and in some cases, their thoughts -- thus enslaving them in endless repetition of the same action, or in endless change from one action to another?
How the brain improves motor control
Adaptation in reaching -- gradual improvement of motor control in response to a perturbation -- is a central issue in motor neuroscience.
Penn study models how the immune system might evolve to conquer HIV
In a new paper in PLOS Genetics, University of Pennsylvania professor Joshua Plotkin, along with postdoctoral researcher Jakub Otwinowski and Princeton University research scholar Armita Nourmohammad, mathematically modeled the coevolutionary processes that describe how antibodies and viruses interact and adapt to one another over the course of a chronic infection, such as HIV/AIDS.
Regenerative medicine improves strength and function in severe muscle injuries
Patients with severe muscle loss surgically implanted with bioscaffolds derived from pig tissue showed significant improvement in strength and range of motion, as well as evidence for skeletal muscle regeneration.
Borrowing from pastry chefs, engineers create nanolayered composites
MIT researchers have found a way to efficiently create composite materials containing hundreds of layers that are just atoms thick but span the full width of the material.
Self-organizing smart materials that mimic swarm behavior
An international team of researchers has successfully demonstrated the self-organizing pattern formation in active materials at microscale with computer simulations.
Greek heroic deity Prometheus now has a namesake in a new tiny rain frog from Ecuador
Prometheus, the mythological Greek heroic deity, has been given a namesake in a new species of tiny rain frog, discovered in southwestern Ecuador.
France-Australia space cooperation: CNES and CSIRO sign space ballooning agreement
CNES President Jean-Yves Le Gall and CSIRO Chief Executive Larry Marshall signed a cooperation agreement for the PILOT mission which will map the direction and intensity of the Milky Way's magnetic field and gain new insights into the magnetic properties of interstellar dust grains.
DNA-modulating drug attenuates lung inflammation in mice
In this issue of JCI Insight, Jay Kolls and colleagues at the University of Pittsburgh demonstrate that bromodomain and extraterminal domain (BET) inhibitors, a class of drugs that alter DNA architecture and change gene expression, attenuate cystic fibrosis lung inflammation.
Hospital more than 4 times as likely for under-6s after laundry pod detergent contact
Children under the age of 6 are four times as likely to end up in hospital after contact with laundry pod detergent as children exposed to other types of detergent, finds research published online in the journal Injury Prevention.
Scientists get $3.2 million to study brain mechanisms underlying sex differences in social stress
The Center for Behavioral Neuroscience at Georgia State University has received a five-year, $3.2 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to investigate the neurochemical mechanisms underlying social stress in males and females.
Making magnets flip like cats at room temperature
In today's world of ever-increasing digital information storage and computation, the next information storage revolution seeks to exploit a novel effect arising from the relativistic physics of Einstein which allows to make a new type of magnet behave like cats.
University of Montana research unveils new player in lichen symbiosis
Dating back nearly 150 years, a classic example of symbiosis has been the lichen: a mutually helpful relationship between an alga and a fungus.
IU-based startup Arrhythmotech awarded $1.47 million NIH grant
Arrhythmotech LLC has received a two-year, $1,472,476 grant from the National Institutes of Health to help researchers determine if nerve activity is associated with a common heart rhythm disorder.
Sorafenib treatment alters immunosuppressive phenotypes in hepatocellular carcinoma
In this issue of JCI Insight, Yasmin Thanavala and colleagues at Roswell Park Cancer Institute evaluated the immune response in a small cohort of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma before and after treatment with sorafenib.
Here's why run-down schools trigger low test scores
Lorraine Maxwell, an associate professor of design and environmental analysis at Cornell University, studied more than 230 New York City public middle schools and found a chain reaction at work: leaking toilets, smelly cafeterias, broken furniture, and run-down classrooms made students feel negatively which lead to high absenteeism and in turn, contributed to low test scores and poor academic achievement.
GPM measured heavy rain in Tropical Storm Estelle
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core observatory satellite traveled above tropical storm Estelle and found heavy rainfall occurring on its eastern side.
How humans and wild birds collaborate to get precious resources of honey and wax
By following honeyguides, a species of bird, people in Africa are able to locate bees' nests to harvest honey.
Are provider-related factors affecting the likelihood of breast preservation?
Do regional practice patterns for radiotherapy for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) breast cancer increase the likelihood of mastectomy when there is a second breast cancer in women who did not receive radiotherapy at the initial DCIS diagnosis?
Some bacteria have lived in the human gut since before we were human
Some of the bacteria in our guts were passed down over millions of years, since before we were human, suggesting that evolution plays a larger role than previously known in people's intestinal-microbe makeup, according to a new study in the journal Science.
Global standards for vaping products essential to promote innovation
Against a backdrop of a growing number of e-cigarette users globally, British American Tobacco (BAT) is leading efforts to develop and harmonise standards around vaping products to further reassure consumers of these products potential in reducing the harm from smoking.
Study of devastating lung disorders in the critically ill receives $11.4 million boost
Cutting-edge research investigating the genetic basis for devastating disorders in the critically ill -- acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) -- will receive a major boost thanks to an $11.4 million, five-year National Institutes of Health program project grant to the University of Arizona Health Sciences.
Autophagy: Cellular waste recycling systems converge into a single process
Autophagy is one of the most important process by which cells renew themselves and eliminate components no longer functional.
Lack of sleep increases a child's risk for emotional disorders later
Funded by a grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH)'s National Institute of Mental Health, University of Houston psychology professor Candice Alfano says children who experience inadequate or disrupted sleep are more likely to develop depression and anxiety disorders later in life.
Why Americans waste so much food
Even though American consumers throw away about 80 billion pounds of food a year, only about half are aware that food waste is a problem.
Temperature helps drive the emergence of different personalities in spiders
Not a single aggressive spider was able to reproduce at 93 degrees Fahrenheit and most of them died at that temperature.
Unconventional quasiparticles predicted in conventional crystals
An international team of researchers has predicted the existence of several previously unknown types of quantum particles in materials.
Background noise may hinder toddlers' ability to learn words
A new study of toddlers has found that the presence of background noise in home or at school can make learning new words more difficult for children.
For whom the births (and worms) toll
Studies of Bolivian forager-farmers by UCSB researchers shed light on costs of high birthrates, effects of pathogens on metabolism
Large protein nanocages could improve drug design and delivery
Using novel computational and biochemical approaches, HHMI scientists have designed and built from scratch 10 large protein icosahedra that are similar to viral capsids that carry viral DNA.
Prevention of HIV infection in men who have sex with men is a priority in West Africa
In West Africa, men who have sex with men are exposed to a high risk of HIV infection and could benefit from stronger prevention including pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).
Researchers temporarily turn off brain area to better understand function
Capitalizing on experimental genetic techniques, researchers at the California National Primate Research Center, or CNPRC, at UC Davis have demonstrated that temporarily turning off an area of the brain changes patterns of activity across much of the remaining brain.
Collective hum: Buzzing midges inspire new swarm theory
A team of researchers based in Israel and the US has found a mathematical resemblance between swarm dynamics and gravitational interactions.
UMMS, Curie Institute and Stanford scientists untangle Barr body of inactive X chromosome
Job Dekker, Ph.D., at UMass Medical School and scientists at Institut Curie in Paris and Stanford University, have taken a detailed look inside the small, densely packed structure of the inactive X chromosome found in female mammals called the Barr body.
Sexual minority youth have higher rates of disordered eating behaviors
Sexual minority boys and girls are more likely to purge or take laxatives, use diet pills, or fast to lose weight than their straight peers, and those disordered eating trends may not be improving, according to new research from the University of British Columbia.
Lighting the way
University of Utah Distinguished Professor Gerald Stringfellow, a former dean of the U's College of Engineering and a pioneer in LED technology, has been awarded a top research prize for his career-long work in the process for making light-emitting diodes, an important milestone for LED TVs, cellphone screens, high-efficiency solar cells, computer monitors and a new wave of LED light bulbs.
What hunter-gatherers can tell us about fundamental human social networks
Long before the advent of social media, human social networks were built around sharing a much more essential commodity: food.
Mines hydrology research provides 'missing link' in water modeling
Groundbreaking research on global water supply co-authored by Colorado School of Mines Hydrology Professor Reed Maxwell and alumna Laura Condon, now assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at Syracuse University, appears in the July 22 issue of Science Magazine.
GPS jamming: Keeping ships on the 'strait' and narrow
The University of Nottingham and Royal Norwegian Naval Academy (RNoNA) are investigating how to prevent shipping Global Positioning Signals (GPS) being jammed in potential cyberattacks that may cause vessels to go off course and collide or run aground.
New study finds baby songbirds in the nest may face different risks out of the nest
Baby songbirds in the nest face naturally tough odds. Unable to fly, they are easy prey for cats, snakes, and even other birds.
Helpful bacteria evolved alongside hominid hosts
Gut bacteria in modern humans and apes are not simply acquired from the environment, a new study suggests, but instead coevolved for millions of years with hominids to help shape our immune systems.
Research suggests that diabetes could be due to failure of beta cell 'hubs'
The significant role of beta cell 'hubs' in the pancreas has been demonstrated for the first time, suggesting that diabetes may due to the failure of a privileged few cells, rather than the behavior of all cells.
A more powerful way to develop therapeutics?
A University of Toronto scientist has developed a new method for identifying the raw ingredients necessary to build 'biologics,' a powerful class of medications that has revolutionized treatment of diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and some cancers.
Researchers discuss challenges, successes of HIV cure research in science
A better understanding of HIV latency is the key to eradicating the virus researchers at the University of North Carolina and partner institutions write in a perspective in the journal Science.
Stress-coping mechanism helps mice make new friends
Weizmann Institute scientists show how a molecule in the mouse's brain regulates social behavior.
Stop the snails
A study published in PLOS NTDs reports that successful Schistosomiasis control programs over the past century relied, at least in part, on reducing the freshwater snails that are an essential host in the parasite life cycle.
UT Southwestern researchers identify new mechanism of tuberculosis infection
Researchers from UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified a new way that tuberculosis bacteria get into the body, revealing a potential therapeutic angle to explore.
Integration of novel materials with silicon chips makes new 'smart' devices possible
Materials researchers have developed a way to integrate novel functional materials onto a computer chip, allowing the creation of new smart devices and systems.
Prevalence, severity of tinnitus in the US
Approximately one in 10 adults in the US have tinnitus, and durations of occupational and leisure time noise exposures are correlated with rates of tinnitus and are likely targetable risk factors, according to a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.
Biologists home in on paleo gut for clues to our evolutionary history
A UC Berkeley and University of Texas, Austin study of the gut microbiomes of humans, chimps, bonobos and gorillas shows that at least two major groups of bacteria have cospeciated with these hosts, with a lineage going back at least 15 million years to our last common ancestor.
SHIP1 inhibitor reduces obesity and metabolic dysfunction in mice
A new study led by William Kerr of SUNY Upstate Medical University in JCI Insight shows that pharmacological inhibition of SHIP1 improves metabolic phenotypes in mice.
Accurate design of large icosahedral protein nanocages pushes bioengineering boundaries
Inspired by shells that protect virus genomes, researchers set out to design self-assembling, roomy protein structures capable of packaging and delivering cargo to cells.
Distinct stages of thinking revealed by brain activity patterns
Neuroimaging data can reveal the mental stages people go through as they are solving challenging math problems, according to a new study published in Psychological Science.
More doesn't mean better when it comes to trauma centers
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine researchers have demonstrated for the first time that changes over time in the volume of patients seen by trauma centers influence the likelihood of seriously injured patients living or dying.
New intellectual disability syndrome caused by genetic damage to single gene
Scientists at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics have found a gene responsible for an intellectual disability disorder and proven how it works.
Can palm oil be sustainable?
A new study shows to where and to what extent palm oil plantations could be expanded, while avoiding further deforestation in pristine and carbon-rich tropical forests.
Stop the rogue ADAM gene and you stop asthma
Scientists at the University of Southampton have discovered a potential and novel way of preventing asthma at the origin of the disease, a finding that could challenge the current understanding of the condition.
VA and Regenstrief researchers working to identify risk factors for colon cancer under 50
While the incidence of colon cancer has been declining in individuals 50 years old and older in the United States, it is steadily rising in those under age 50.
Virtual development of real drugs
systemsDock is a new, free on-line resource that makes screening for drugs faster and more accurate.
Fire clues in cave dripwater
When mineral-rich water drips from a cave's ceiling over centuries and millennia, it forms rocky cones that hold clues to the Earth's past climate.
Pharmacogenetics experts establish common vocabulary in bid to advance precision medicine
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital leads project to promote the use of pharmacogenetics -- the study of how genetics influence drug response -- with the goal of improving medication safety and effectiveness.
Comprehensive HIV vaccine project funded at $23 million by NIH
To support a coordinated, innovative approach to the development of an AIDS vaccine, Texas Biomedical Research Institute scientists, together with an international coalition of experts, have received a grant for $23 million from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health.
Ancient feces provides earliest evidence of infectious disease being carried on Silk Road
Intestinal parasites as well as goods were carried by travelers on the iconic route, say researchers examining an ancient latrine.
A new key to understanding molecular evolution in space
Scientists at Hokkaido University have revealed temperature-dependent energy conversion of molecular hydrogen on ice surfaces, suggesting the need for a reconsideration of molecular evolution theory.
New ASTRO clinical practice statement updates treatment standard for rectal cancer
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) recently issued a new clinical practice statement, 'Appropriate Customization of Radiation Therapy for Stage II and III Rectal Cancer: An ASTRO Clinical Practice Statement Using the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method.'
Preventive therapy in brain-injured patients lowers risk of pulmonary embolism and DVT
People who sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at high risk for developing deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
UAB optometrist improves treatment and care for patients with dry eye
Individuals with dry eye have hope as researchers continue to learn more about causes, symptoms and treatments.
Antibiotics weaken Alzheimer's disease progression through changes in the gut microbiome
Long-term treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics decreased levels of amyloid plaques, a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, and activated inflammatory microglial cells in the brains of mice in a new study by neuroscientists from the University of Chicago.
Brains of college athletes with prior concussion show physical changes months, years later
University athletes with a history of concussion had changes in the size, blood flow and connections in their brains months and even years after the injury -- changes not seen in athletes without prior concussions, a new study has found.
Mars rover's laser can now target rocks all by itself
New software is enabling ChemCam, the laser spectrometer on NASA's Curiosity Mars rover, to select rock targets autonomously -- the first time autonomous target selection is available for an instrument of this kind on any robotic planetary mission.
Fluorescent trypanosomes reveal invasion of skin and beyond following tsetse fly bites
Trypanosome parasites cause sleeping sickness in Africa. If left untreated, the infection causes coma and eventually death.
Trees' surprising role in the boreal water cycle quantified
This is the first study to show that deciduous tree water uptake of snowmelt water represents a large but overlooked aspect of the water balance in boreal watersheds.
UTMB researchers find first direct evidence that A. aegypti mosquito transmits Zika virus
In collaboration with colleagues from Mexico, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston researchers were the first to directly connect the Aedes aegypti mosquito with Zika transmission in the Americas, during an outbreak in southern Mexico.
Cinnamon may be fragrant medicine for the brain
A research team with Rush University and the Jesse Brown Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Chicago has found that cinnamon turns poor learners into good ones, at least among mice.
Immune-enhancing treatment may destabilize HIV reservoirs
Although antiretroviral therapy (ART) can reduce the amount of HIV in the blood to an undetectable level in most chronically infected people, it cannot eliminate reservoirs of HIV that persist in latently infected immune cells.
An engineered protein can disrupt tumor-promoting 'messages' in human cells
A team of researchers from the University of Washington and the University of Trento in Italy unveiled an engineered protein that they designed to repress a specific cancer-promoting message within cells.
We're lucky climate change didn't happen sooner
There is some consolation in how the fossil fuel-induced climatic changes we increasingly experience through droughts and storm surges are playing out.
NASA sees Darby's strongest storms north of center
Infrared data NASA's Aqua satellite showed that the strongest storms within Tropical Storm Darby were occurring north of the center when it passed overhead.
Scientists unlock 'green' energy from garden grass
Garden grass could become a source of cheap and clean renewable energy, scientists have claimed.
Lichens' secret symbiotic threesome
The classical view of lichens -- formed by a symbiosis between an algae and a single fungus -- is too simple, suggests a new study.
One-third of students report elevated psychological distress, CAMH survey shows
More than one in three -- an estimated 328,000 -- students in grades seven to 12 report moderate-to-serious psychological distress, according to new survey results in Ontario, Canada from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH).
Carnegie Mellon algorithm characterizes how cancer genomes get scrambled
A new method developed by Carnegie Mellon University for analyzing the scrambled genomes of cancer cells gives researchers for the first time the ability to simultaneously identify two different types of genetic changes associated with cancers and to identify connections between the two.
Three-drug combinations could help counter antibiotic resistance, UCLA biologists report
Bacteria resistance to antibiotics can be offset by combining three antibiotics that interact well together, even when none of the individual three, nor pairs among them, might be very effective in fighting harmful bacteria, UCLA life scientists report in the journal Royal Society Interface -- an important advance because approximately 700,000 people each year die from drug-resistant infections.
Scorpionfish too deep for SCUBA divers caught by submersible turns out to be a new species
Manned submersible Curasub, sneaking around the twilight depths of the Caribbean island of Curaçao in search of currently unknown species, has found yet another new one.
Wrist fractures linked to poor balance in elderly patients
Elderly patients suffering a low energy wrist (distal radius) fracture are more likely to have difficulties with balance, placing them at risk for future injuries, according to a new study appearing in today's issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.
Female smokers face greatest risk for brain bleeds
Bleeds in the inner lining of the brain are significantly more common among smokers, especially female smokers, than non-smokers.
Tide-triggered tremors give clues for earthquake prediction
The triggering of small, deep earthquakes along California's San Andreas Fault reveals depth-dependent frictional behavior that may provide insight into patterns signaling when a major quake could be on the horizon, according to a paper released this week by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
NASA's Hubble looks to the final frontier
Celebrating its 50th anniversary this year, the TV series 'Star Trek' has captured the public's imagination with the signature phrase, 'To boldly go where no one has gone before.' NASA's Hubble Space Telescope doesn't 'boldly go' deep into space, but it is 'boldly peering' deeper into the universe than ever before to explore the warping of space and time and uncover some of the farthest objects ever seen.
Yeast emerges as hidden third partner in lichen symbiosis
For nearly 150 years, lichens have been the model organisms of symbiosis.
The Lancet Haematology: Blood disorders cost €23 billion to European economy
Blood disorders cost the European economy a total of €23 billion in 2012, according to two new studies estimating the cost of malignant and non-malignant blood disorders published in The Lancet Haematology journal today.
New therapeutic targets for small cell lung cancer identified
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a protein termed ASCL1 that is essential to the development of small cell lung cancer and that, when deleted in the lungs of mice, prevents the cancer from forming.
Metabolite secreted in urine may cause cognitive impairment in kidney failure patients
Retention of certain metabolites in the blood may contribute to cognitive impairment in patients with kidney failure, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Cerebrospinal fluid signals control the behavior of stem cells in the brain
Professor Fiona Doetsch's research team at the Biozentrum, University of Basel, has discovered that the choroid plexus, a largely ignored structure in the brain that produces the cerebrospinal fluid, is an important regulator of adult neural stem cells.
New review concludes that evidence for alcohol causing cancer is strong
A new review of epidemiological evidence supports a causal association between alcohol consumption and cancers at seven sites in the body: oropharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, colon, rectum and female breast.
Pitt receives NSF grant to study how aluminum alloy microstructures form in real time
A grant from the National Science Foundation will enable researchers at the University of Pittsburgh to utilize a one-of-a-kind transmission electron microscope developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to examine in real time how microstructures form in metals and alloys as they solidify after laser beam melting.
A missing link in water modeling
A process that is largely overlooked in earth system models may shape large-scale soil evaporation and plant transpiration more than scientists thought, a new study suggests, helping quantify the global water cycle.
Airbags, seat belts associated with reduced likelihood of facial fractures
Nearly 11 percent of patients examined at trauma centers following motor vehicle collisions had at least one facial fracture, and airbags and seat belts were associated with reduced likelihood of those fractures, according to an article published online by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.
A sweet example of human and wild animal collaboration
When honey-hunters in Mozambique call out to birds in the hopes that their feathered companions will lead them to honey, the birds, in fact, recognize and respond to these specialized calls, a new study confirms.
RMIT researchers make leap in measuring quantum states
Researchers have developed self-guided quantum tomography which uses a search algorithm to iteratively 'find' the quantum state.
Chronic low back pain linked to higher rates of illicit drug use
People living with chronic low back pain (cLBP) are more likely to use illicit drugs -- including marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine -- compared to those without back pain, reports a study in Spine, published by Wolters Kluwer.
Stanford researchers reveal cost-effective path to drought resiliency
California needs to better prepare for droughts. A new study highlights the costs, benefits and obstacles of a possible solution -- managed aquifer recharge.
CCNY research gleans climate change insight from lizard genome
Using genomic data from three lizard species, City College of New York-led researchers gleaned insights not available before on the impact of climate change on the distribution of animal populations in South American forests.
New detector at South Pole shows early success at neutrino hunting
The Askaryan Radio Array team recently published a performance review of the first two stations to come online, showing great potential for the detector to push forward understanding of the cosmos once it's fully operational.
Artificial muscle for soft robotics: Low voltage, high hopes
Now, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a dielectric elastomer with a broad range of motion that requires relatively low voltage and no rigid components.
Predatory prawns eliminate a major parasite more effectively than drugs alone
A new study upends the status quo to combatting schistosomiasis, which affects 250 million people worldwide.
Smokers quitting tobacco also drink less alcohol
People who have recently begun an attempt to quit smoking tobacco are more likely to try to drink less alcohol than other smokers, according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Public Health.
Researchers ID cancer gene-drug combinations ripe for precision medicine
In an effort to expand the number of cancer gene mutations that can be specifically targeted with personalized therapies, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center looked for combinations of mutated genes and drugs that together kill cancer cells.
Gene controls regeneration of injured muscle by adult stem cells
A key gene enables the repair of injured muscle throughout life, according to a study in mice led by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center.
Space... the final frontier
Fifty years ago Captain Kirk and the crew of the starship Enterprise began their journey into space -- the final frontier.
A new method for prostate cancer imaging
In this issue of JCI Insight, researchers at the University of British Columbia describe a new imaging tool to detect the presence of the androgen receptor and its active splice variants.
Case western reserve researcher receives NIH grant for HIV research in Uganda
The 'Microbiology and Immunology Training for HIV and HIV-Related Research in Uganda' program will provide biomedical training in basic microbiology and immunology at the master's level in Uganda and at the PhD level in the US.
Russian physicists discover a new approach for building quantum computers
The main reason why quantum computers are so hard to manufacture is that now scientists still haven't find a simple way to control complex systems of qubits.
ASH commits $3 million annually to help preserve critical blood disease research
With a $3 million annual commitment to fund promising blood disease research left unfunded amid limited National Institutes of Health funding, the American Society of Hematology (ASH) today announced the formal establishment of the ASH Bridge Grants award program.
Scientists release recommendations for building land in coastal Louisiana
A team of leading scientists and community experts with decades of experience released key recommendations to maintain and build land in coastal Louisiana.
Scientists program cells to remember and respond to series of stimuli
MIT engineers have programmed cells to remember and respond to events.
UNIST to develop a new form of futuristic transportation system
The 1st International Symposium on Hyperloop has been held at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea to discuss future direction and current status of Hyperloop research.
TSRI scientists receive funding to advance stem cell-based Parkinson's therapy
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and Scripps Clinic have received a grant of nearly $2.4 million from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM) to support safety and quality tests of a potential stem cell therapy for Parkinson's disease.
Watching the brain do math
A new Carnegie Mellon University neuroimaging study reveals the mental stages people go through as they are solving challenging math problems.
Australian physicists revisit spin-bowling puzzle
Spin bowlers in cricket are masters at making the ball loop slowly through the air to confuse batsmen.
Six Canadian innovations scaling up to improve global health
Six Canadian innovations showing evidence of early promise for improving global health will 'transition-to-scale' thanks to new support from Grand Challenges Canada, funded by the Government of Canada.
World's most sensitive dark matter detector completes search
The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) dark matter experiment, which, with the help of Berkeley Lab researchers, operates beneath a mile of rock at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in the Black Hills of South Dakota, has completed its search for the missing matter of the universe.
Why apnea patients are prone to suffer from glaucoma
Scientists at Hokkaido University have successfully measured the eye pressure of sleeping patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome for the first time, finding an unexpected correlation with glaucoma.
Scientists harness CO2 to consolidate biofuel production process
JBEI scientists have shown that adding carbon dioxide gas during the deconstruction phase of biofuel production successfully neutralized the toxicity of ionic liquids.
Research offers new hope for understanding deadly infections
New study provides insights into the evolution of Mucorales fungi, which cause a fatal infection in ever-increasing segments of patient population, and several molecular pathways that might be exploited as potential therapeutic or diagnostic targets.
Neural networks -- why larger brains are more susceptible to mental illnesses
In humans and other mammals, the cerebral cortex is responsible for sensory, motor, and cognitive functions.
Study identifies ways to share key data between researchers, business practitioners
A research team reports that researchers and practitioners share more interests than either group realizes and outlines ways that the two groups can collaborate more effectively -- and it involves changing how business schools do business.
UTA and UT Southwestern partner to improve accuracy of cancer radiation therapy delivery
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington and University of Texas Southwestern are collaborating on two projects to improve the accuracy of the delivery of cancer radiation therapies and minimize the exposure of healthy tissues.

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