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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | July 25, 2016


University of Tennessee extension Associate Dean named ASABE fellow
Dr. Robert Burns, P.E., Associate Dean, UT Extension, has been named to the Class of Fellows with the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE).
Media can register online now for the 28th EORTC-NCI-AACR symposium
Media can register online now for the 28th EORTC-NCI-AACR symposium on 'Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics', which takes place from Nov.
Preparing to interview for your dream job? Better go in person
A new study examining the effects of technology-mediated interviews found in-person interviews yielded better impressions for the company and the candidate.
US police killed or injured more than 55,000 people during 'legal interventions' in 2012
US police killed or injured an estimated 55,400 people during legal stop and search incidents and arrests in 2012, reveals research published online in the journal Injury Prevention.
Delirium in advanced cancer patients often goes undetected in the emergency department
A new study indicates that delirium is relatively frequent and underdiagnosed by physicians in patients with advanced cancer visiting the emergency department.
New lightweight shape-shifting alloy shows potential for a variety of applications
A team of researchers at Tohoku University has discovered that the Mg-Sc alloy shows shape memory properties.
Do lengthy travel times to Primary Stroke Centers offset benefits of specialized care?
A new study by researchers from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy & Clinical Practice found that receiving treatment in Primary Stroke Centers (PSCs) led to significantly better survival rates for patients traveling less than 90 minutes to get there.
Tel Aviv University research opens the 'black box' of malignant melanoma
A new Tel Aviv University study pinpoints when melanoma cells metastasize in the brain months before they develop into fatal tumors.
Penn researchers develop placenta-on-a-chip
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have developed the first placenta-on-a-chip that can fully model the transport of nutrients across the placental barrier.
Researchers make new projections for spread of the Zika virus
New research from the University of Notre Dame places a new upper limit on the total number of people who could become infected by the Zika virus in the first wave of the current epidemic.
Enhancing molecular imaging with light
A new technology platform from Northwestern University is able to image molecules at the nanoscale with super-resolution.
Ageing can drive progress
Twenty years from now, the number of retired persons worldwide will have grown by 600 million, almost double the current number.
National Academy of Medicine and FDA select 4 individuals for 2016-2017 Tobacco Regulatory Science Fellows
The National Academy of Medicine along with the US Food and Drug Administration's Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) have named the 2016-2017 class of FDA Tobacco Regulatory Science Fellows.
Unusual new zoantharian species is the first described solitary species in over 100 years
A very unusual new species of zoantharian was discovered by two researchers in Okinawa.
BRCA1 mutations in breast and ovarian cancer can predict treatment resistance
This month, two studies in the JCI investigated the mechanisms underlying the treatment resistance associated with some BRCA1 mutations, and the findings provide information that may help predict which treatments will be effective in women with breast and ovarian cancer.
Developmental differences in late preterm babies may not emerge until after age 2
Developmental differences in babies born four to six weeks early may not show up until after they turn two, a new study suggests.
Effectiveness of the WHO cancer pain relief guidelines published by Dove Medical Press
The WHO guidelines have been successful in making pain relief knowledge more available, but from a moral and ethical standpoint these guidelines need to be promoted and examined until adequate pain relief is reported in all possible cancer pain patients.
Does a dementia diagnosis have a silver lining? Study suggests it can
In a study of 48 adults with a diagnosis of Early Dementia or Mild Cognitive Impairment, almost half reported positive changes in life outlook and quality of life, countering the assumption that this diagnosis would have a uniformly negative impact.
Distant volcanic eruptions foster saguaro cacti baby booms
Volcanic climate perturbations that delivered cold and stormy weather to much of the Northern Hemisphere generated a combination of conditions in the Sonoran Desert that were just right for vulnerable young saguaro cacti.
Shops openly flouting tobacco sales ban near schools in China
Retailers are openly flouting the ban on tobacco sales near schools in Changsha, the capital of Hunan province in South-Central China, reveals research published online in the journal Tobacco Control.
Osteopathic manipulation can improve pain in postpartum women
Preliminary results demonstrate that osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) helps reduce acute pain in postpartum women, regardless of whether they delivered vaginally or via cesarean.
Excessive daily TV watching may increase risk of death
People who watch TV for five or more hours a day appear to be at much greater risk of dying from a blood clot in the lung -- a condition known as pulmonary embolism.
NASA to map the surface of an asteroid
NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft will travel to near-Earth asteroid Bennu to sample surface material and return it to Earth for study.
Precision medicines to exploit DNA damage as treatments for cancer
Scientists at the University of Sussex are to create a portfolio of new cancer drugs which exploit our DNA damage response system in order to kill cancer cells -- in a bid to revolutionize treatment for the disease.
Process could make key biodegradable polymer stronger and longer-lasting
The creation of a new polymer morphology in a material called PLA could lead to better medical implants and drug-delivery devices.
Less fertilizer good news for the Great Barrier Reef
James Cook University researchers have shown a way to potentially halve the amount of fertilizer dairy farmers use while maintaining pasture yields, providing improved protection for the Great Barrier Reef.
Hospital data helps predict risk of pneumonia after heart surgery
A new risk model developed by Michigan hospitals could help patients avoid a common post-surgical complication.
Sibling competition helped guide dispersal in pre-industrial populations
Researchers who examined family genealogies from Finland found that the presence of same-sex elder siblings increased the probability that people would disperse to new lands, whereas having opposite-sex siblings had less influence.
Among the oldest adults, poor balance may signal higher risk for dementia
In a first-of-its-kind study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers from the University of California at Irvine examined whether four different measures of poor physical performance might be linked to increased dementia risk for people aged 90 and older.
PPPL and Princeton join high-performance software project
Princeton University and the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory are participating in the accelerated development of a modern high-performance computing code, or software package.
Hearing test may identify autism risk
Researchers have identified an inner ear deficiency in children with Autism that may impact their ability to recognize speech.
Happy hormone's calcium connection may make cows and humans healthier
Serotonin is best known for eliciting feelings of happiness in the human brain, but scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have found the hormone plays a role in milk production in dairy cows -- and may have health implications for breastfeeding women.
DNA sequencing uncovers latent risk for developing cystic fibrosis
A study by researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA), Brigham and Women's Hospital and the California Department of Public Health suggests that all babies with a known mutation for cystic fibrosis (CF) and second mutation called the 5T allele should receive additional screening in order to better predict the risk of developing CF later in life.
A bioink by any other name: Clarifying definitions in 3-D bioprinting
Future Science Group today announced the publication of a new article in Future Science OA looking to identify and define key terms associated with bioinks and bioprinting.
Researchers 'solve' key Zika virus protein structure
Researchers have revealed the molecular structure of a protein produced by the Zika virus that is thought to be involved in the virus's reproduction and its interaction with a host's immune system.
Male hormone reverses cell aging in clinical trial
In a recent study, researchers show that sex hormones can stimulate production of telomerase, an enzyme naturally found in the human organism.
Human 'super predator' more terrifying than bears, wolves and dogs
Bears, wolves and other large carnivores are frightening beasts but the fear they inspire in their prey pales in comparison to that caused by the human 'super predator.' A new study by Western University demonstrates that smaller carnivores, like European badgers, that may be prey to large carnivores, actually perceive humans as far more frightening.
Statins improve birth outcomes for mothers with an autoimmune disorder
A new statin treatment shows promise for reducing premature births and increasing babies' chances of survival for mothers with an autoimmune disease.
Rat fathers' diets may affect offspring's breast cancer risk
The dietary habits of rat fathers may affect their daughters' breast cancer risk, a study in 60 male rats and their offspring has found.
Trolls often waive their anonymity online
Hate speech in social media can damage or even destroy the reputation of an individual or a company very quickly.
Three Minnesota organizations receive funding to improve diabetes care
The three Minnesota organizations will evaluate how the Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model -- known in Minnesota as the Health Care Home (HCH) model -- provide care for patients with diabetes.
Changes in teenage brain structure provide clues to onset of mental health problems
Scientists have mapped the structural changes that occur in teenagers' brains as they develop, showing how these changes may help explain why the first signs of mental health problems often arise during late adolescence.
NASA spies major Hurricane Georgette
Hurricane Georgette is a major hurricane in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
New genetics clues into motor neuron disease
Researchers at the University of Queensland have contributed to the discovery of three new genes which increase the risk of motor neuron disease, opening the door for targeted treatments.
Astronomers discover dizzying spin of the Milky Way galaxy's 'halo'
Astronomers at the University of Michigan's College of Literature, Science, and the Arts (LSA) discovered for the first time that the hot gas in the halo of the Milky Way galaxy is spinning in the same direction and at comparable speed as the galaxy's disk, which contains our stars, planets, gas, and dust.
Study finds induced labor not associated with risk for autism spectrum disorders
Induction of labor appears not to be associated with increased risk of autism spectrum disorders in children in a large new study led by Harvard T.H.
Measure of age in soil nitrogen could help precision agriculture
What's good for crops is not always good for the environment.
NASA calculated Tropical Storm Darby's rainfall rates over Hawaii
Tropical Storm Darby brought rainfall, gusty winds and rough surf to the Hawaiian Islands over the weekend of July 23 and 24, and was still raining over them on Monday, July 25, 2016.
Moderate physical activity lowers heart disease risk in young women
Recreational physical activity decreases the risk of coronary heart disease in young women.
Pain of rejection makes us more likely to commit fraud
People commit fraud because they are unhappy about being rejected, a new study in Frontiers in Psychology has found.
Common diabetes drug may help prevent preterm birth
Metformin, a medication routinely used by millions of people with type 2 diabetes, may also play an unexpected role in blocking a significant cause of preterm birth.
Best-selling lipid for skin and hair also holds promise for Alzheimer's
The best-selling lipid in the world, often prominently featured on skin cream and shampoo labels, appears to also hold promise for Alzheimer's treatment, scientists say.
1 in 3 overweight and 1 in 7 obese in north east China (Jilin Province)
One in three people is overweight and one in seven is obese in Jilin Province, north east China, finds a large study, published in the online journal BMJ Open.
Researchers discover how honey bees 'telescope' their abdomens
Honey bees are able to wiggle their abdomens in a variety of ways.
Digging deeper into Mars
Scientists continue to unravel the mystery of life on Mars by investigating evidence of water in the planet's soil.
Ames Laboratory scientists receive DOE award to help commercialize promising technology
US Department of Energy Ames Laboratory senior metallurgist Iver Anderson and postdoctoral research associate Emma White have been awarded a $325,000 grant from the DOE's Technology Commercialization Fund.
New gene variants present in 3 percent of all ALS patients
Variations in a gene with multiple functions in neurons are present in approximately 3 percent of all cases of ALS in North American and European populations, both sporadic and familial, making it one of the most common genetic causes of the disease, according to a paper published in Nature Genetics.
Climate disasters increase risk of armed conflict in multi-ethnic countries
Climate disasters like heat-waves or droughts enhance the risk of armed conflicts in countries with high ethnic diversity, scientists found.
Using tau imaging as diagnostic marker for Alzheimer disease
The accumulation of β-Amyloid (Αβ) and tau proteins in the brain is hallmark pathology for Alzheimer disease.
Added bacterial film makes new mortar resistant to water uptake
Moisture can destroy mortar over time -- for example when cracks form as a result of frost.
Marijuana exposure in kids rose after recreational use legalized in Colorado
The legalization of recreational marijuana in Colorado was associated with both increased hospital visits and cases at a regional poison center because of unintentional exposure to the drug by children, suggesting effective preventive measures are needed as more states consider legalizing the drug, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.
Flu vaccine may reduce risk of death for type 2 diabetes patients
The flu vaccine may reduce the likelihood of being hospitalized with stroke and heart failure in people with type 2 diabetes, according to new research.
Clinical advances in gene therapy for central nervous system disorders
The encouraging results of early stage clinical studies and the tremendous amount of preclinical data demonstrating the feasibility and promise of gene therapy to treat disorders of the central nervous system are driving new advances for the treatment of both genetic and acquired neurodegenerative diseases.
National survey says many, not all, open to doctors talking about guns
In perhaps the first national survey of its kind, two-thirds of people sampled said it is at least sometimes appropriate for health care providers to talk to patients about firearms.
Self-healing textiles not only repair themselves, but can neutralize chemicals
Someday, chemically protective suits made of fabric coated in self-healing, thin films may prevent farmers from exposure to organophosphate pesticides, soldiers from chemical or biological attacks in the field and factory workers from accidental releases of toxic materials, according to a team of researchers.
Hot news flash! Menopause, insomnia accelerate aging
Two separate UCLA studies reveal that menopause -- and the insomnia that often accompanies it -- make women age faster.
New lithium-oxygen battery greatly improves energy efficiency, longevity
A new kind of lithium-oxygen battery developed at MIT, using glass nanoparticles of lithium oxides, could provide more energy, and much better stability and energy efficiency
Liquid biopsies for identification of EGFR mutations and prediction of recurrence
Three manuscripts published in the recent issue of the Journal of Thoracic Oncology explored the versatility of liquid biopsies by identifying EGFR mutations using circulating tumor DNA in urine and plasma and examining circulating tumor cells in plasma to predict the risk of lung cancer recurrence after surgical resection.
Before animals, evolution waited eons to inhale
Time to smash the beaker when thinking about oxygen concentrations in water, at the time when animal life first evolved.
£1.2 million for injectable stem-cell carrying microspheres to regenerate bones
The University of Nottingham has secured £1.2 million to develop injectable stem cell-carrying materials to treat and prevent fractures caused by osteoporosis and other bone-thinning diseases.
Spiders spin unique phononic material
How spider silk transmits phonons -- quanta of sound -- could inspire novel materials to manipulate sound and heat, according to scientists at Rice University, in Europe and in Singapore.
Evidence suggests migratory birds are not a reservoir for highly pathogenic flu viruses
The H5 avian influenza A virus that devastated North American poultry farms in 2014-15 was initially spread by migratory waterfowl, but evidence suggests such highly pathogenic flu viruses do not persist in wild birds.
Flu vaccine reduces risk of hospital stay for stroke, heart failure for diabetes patients
People with type 2 diabetes who receive the influenza vaccine may be less likely to be admitted to hospital for myocardial infarction, stroke and heart failure, according to new research published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Sub-set of stem cells found to minimize risks when used to treat damaged hearts
Scientists use mathematical modeling to simulate human mesenchymal stem cell delivery to a damaged heart and found that using one sub-set of these stem cells minimises the risks associated with this therapy.
Elsevier announces the launch of journal: REACH -- Reviews in Human Space Exploration
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of REACH -- Reviews in Human Space Exploration.
Are primary stroke centers associated with lower fatality?
Does a long travel time to a primary stroke center (PSC) offset the potential benefits of this specialized care?
Predicting the risk for developing pneumonia in older adults
In a study published in the Journal of American Geriatrics Society, researchers developed a 'prediction score' to help healthcare professionals determine which older adults might be most at risk for developing pneumonia.
New theory explains how beta waves arise in the brain
In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team led by Brown University neuroscientists proposes a new theory -- backed by data from people, animal models and computational simulation -- to explain how beta waves emerge in the brain.
Ultra-flat circuits will have unique properties
Theoretical physicists at Rice University analyzed the electronic consequences of creating circuits in two dimensions by simulating the juxtaposition of different atom-thick materials like graphene and hexagonal boron nitride.
Induced labor not associated with risk for ASDs
Inducing labor appears not to be associated with risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in offspring when siblings discordant for labor induction - induced vs. not induced births - were compared, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.
Network physicist sheds light on Alzheimer's, schizophrenia
A new study from a researcher at the University of Notre Dame comparing mouse and macaque brains has found evidence of an evolutionary universal brain structure in mammals that could provide insights into brain disorders such as Alzheimer's and schizophrenia.
Research shows sharing of cavity-causing bacteria may not be only from mothers to children
New ongoing research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Biology and School of Dentistry is showing more evidence that children may receive oral microbes from other, nonrelative children.
Scientists test nanoparticle drug delivery in dogs with osteosarcoma
An engineer teamed up with a veterinarian to test a bone cancer drug delivery system in animals bigger than the standard animal model, the mouse.
Bio-engineered molecule shows promise for quick control of bleeding
Hematology researchers have developed a novel genetically engineered clotting factor that can control bleeding in animal models.
Living on borrowed time
Unfortunately, loss of plant and animal habitat leads to local species extinctions and a loss of diversity from ecosystems.
First diagnosed case of Alzheimer's disease in HIV-positive individual presented at AAIC
The first case of Alzheimer's disease diagnosed in an HIV-positive individual will be presented in a poster session at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference 2016 in Toronto July 27.
Hot desert storms increase risk of bacterial meningitis in Africa
Exposure to airborne dust and high temperatures are significant risk factors for bacterial meningitis, a new study by the University of Liverpool has found.
Organic semiconductors -- materials for next-generation printable and wearable electronics
World-renowned researchers share their basic understanding of the foundational concepts pertaining to the design, synthesis, and applications of conjugated organic materials.
Low Zika risk for travelers to Olympics in Brazil, study finds
The Zika virus poses a negligible health threat to the international community during the summer Olympic Games that begin next month in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, according to researchers at Yale School of Public Health.
NASA scans Tropical Storm Frank's winds
RapidScat is an instrument that flies aboard the International Space Station and measures winds over an ocean surface.
Visual pigment rhodopsin forms two-molecule complexes in vivo
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, the University of Utah and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have determined for the first time the most likely configuration of rhodopsin in a living organism, and hope this discovery will help develop future therapies for retinitis pigmentosa, a degenerative eye disease for which there is no known cure.
Risk factors identified in patient-to-patient transmission of resistant bacteria
Three key factors increase the risk for patient-to-patient transmission of an extremely drug-resistant bacteria known as CP-CRE, according to a new study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.
Study finds average 6-year delay between onset and diagnosis of bipolar disorder
Crucial opportunities to manage bipolar disorder early are being lost because individuals are waiting an average of almost six years after the onset of the condition before diagnosis and treatment.
Racial differences in inpatient procedures after stroke
Inpatient procedures are an integral part of routine stroke care.
Scientists develop painless and inexpensive microneedle system to monitor drugs
Researchers at the University of British Columbia and the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Switzerland have created a microneedle drug monitoring system that could one day replace costly, invasive blood draws and improve patient comfort.
Promising new drug could help treat spinal muscular atrophy
Approximately one out of every 40 individuals in the United States is a carrier of the gene responsible for spinal muscular atrophy, a neurodegenerative disease that causes muscles to weaken.
Medical students using electronic health records to track former patients
Many medical students are using electronic health records (EHRs) to track former patients but the practice, which students report as being educational, raises some ethical questions, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
First discovery from 'New Riversleigh' -- a new extinct carnivorous marsupial
A new species of extinct flesh-eating marsupial that terrorized Australia's drying forests about 5 million years ago has been identified from a fossil discovered in remote northwestern Queensland.
Study suggests 1.6 million childbearing women could be at risk of Zika virus infection
Research by scientists in the US and UK has estimated that up to 1.65 million childbearing women in Central and South America could become infected by the Zika virus by the end of the first wave of the epidemic.
Protein in breast milk reduces infection risk in premature infants
Full-term babies receive natural protection from their mothers that helps them fight off dangerous infections.
Cities face dramatic increase in water treatment spending when watersheds are developed
A new global study has found that one in three large cities spend 50 percent more on water treatment costs as a result of damage to the ecological quality of their watersheds.
Novel statistical method captures long-term health burden of pediatric cancer cures
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital researchers have developed a metric that showed therapy-related cardiovascular disease takes a heavier toll on pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma survivors than previously recognized.
WSU researchers 'watch' crystal structure change in real time
Washington State University researchers have met the long-standing scientific challenge of watching a material change its crystal structure in real time.
Transcriptome differences in prostate cancer highlight racial disparities and vitamin D
Investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina and Ralph H.
Nottingham researchers show novel technique that can 'taste' DNA
Scientists at The University of Nottingham have demonstrated for the first time that it is possible to selectively sequence fragments of DNA in real time, greatly reducing the time needed to analyze biological samples.
Texans are no better off in one city versus another for cancer treatment
Regions in Texas differ widely in adherence to recommended cancer treatment for elderly patients, according to a study by researchers at Rice University and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Optimizing Monday Night Football
After analyzing years of Monday Night Football viewership, University of Iowa researchers have developed an optimization model using data analytics that shows how the NFL and ESPN can improve the game's schedules.
The exception and its rules
Researchers from TU Wien make use of these phenomena to create a novel kind of wave guide, which is now being presented in the journal Nature.
New University of Montana study quantifies morel mushroom abundance after wildfire
University of Montana forest ecology professor Andrew Larson recently published research estimating the abundance of morel mushrooms after a wildfire in California's Sierra Nevada.
How to build a new brand of engineer
The National Science Foundation is providing $2 million to support the creation of a new curriculum model to prepare a diverse range of students to become adaptive engineers ready to solve 21st century problems.
NASA sees formation of Tropical Depression 05W in infrared
Tropical Depression 05W developed on July 25, 2016 as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead and captured temperature data on the storm as it came together.
Vast majority of guns recovered by Pittsburgh police not in possession of legal owners
Nearly 80 percent of perpetrators carrying a gun recovered by Pittsburgh Police were not the lawful owners, a strong indication that theft and trafficking are significant sources of firearms involved in crimes in southwest Pennsylvania, a new University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis reveals.
WSU researchers get unprecedented look at DNA damage
Washington State University researchers have mapped the damage of ultraviolet radiation on individual units of DNA, opening a new avenue in the search for how sunlight causes skin cancer and what might be done to prevent it.
Patients with low risk prostate cancer on active surveillance experience good quality of life
Active surveillance (AS) has become an increasingly important alternative to surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation treatment for men diagnosed with low risk prostate cancer.
Patch delivers drug, gene, and light-based therapy to tumor sites
A research team led by Natalie Artzi of MIT and Brigham and Women's hospital delivers drug, gene, and light-based therapy directly to tumor sites, with promising results.
Marine carbon sinking rates confirm importance of polar oceans
Polar oceans pump organic carbon down to the deep sea about five times as efficiently as subtropical waters, because they can support larger, heavier organisms.
DNA analyses reveal genetic identities of world's first farmers
Conducting the first large-scale, genome-wide analyses of ancient human remains from the Near East, an international team led by Harvard Medical School has illuminated the genetic identities and population dynamics of the world's first farmers.
Protein insights to help find heart disease cure
Research led by The Australian National University has uncovered new insights into how the human genome gets through the daily grind with the help of RNA-binding proteins, in a discovery which could ultimately lead to a cure for heart disease.
New nontoxic process promises larger ultrathin sheets of 2-D nanomaterials
Scientists has developed a novel way to produce two-dimensional nanosheets by separating bulk materials with nontoxic liquid nitrogen.
Salmonella protein reduces drug resistance in tumors
A surprising result in an experiment on Salmonella bacteria has led to a discovery that may make drug resistant cancer cells more treatable by conventional chemotherapies.
Hypoxia radiotracer produced automatically in dose-on-demand fashion
Access to sophisticated and non-invasive diagnostic techniques like Positron Emission Tomography is difficult (and sometimes impossible) for the majority of patients worldwide that are far from radiotracer manufacturing centers.
New movie screen allows for glasses-free 3-D
In a new paper, a team from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab and Israel's Weizmann Institute of Science have demonstrated a display that lets you watch 3-D films in a movie theater without extra eyewear.
Building a Moebius strip of good vibrations
Yale physicists have created something similar to a Moebius strip of moving energy between two vibrating objects, opening the door to novel forms of control over waves in acoustics, laser optics, and quantum mechanics.
Embryonic gene Nanog reverses aging in adult stem cells
In a series of experiments at the University at Buffalo, the embryonic stem cell gene Nanog kicked into action dormant cellular processes that are key to preventing weak bones, clogged arteries and other telltale signs of growing old.
Chemical etching method helps transistors stand tall
University of Illinois researchers have developed a way to etch very tall, narrow finFETs, a type of transistor that forms a tall semiconductor 'fin' for the current to travel over.
Scientists test ways to discuss opioid risks with ER patients
With a growing epidemic of opioid abuse, dependence and deaths, a team of doctors at Northwell Health is collaborating with colleagues at the University of Pennsylvania and the Mayo Clinic to study the effectiveness of two different educational tools that could ultimately lower the risk for opioid dependence among patients who receive these medicines for pain syndromes during a hospital visit.
Low risk of international Zika virus spread due to 2016 Olympics
Travelers to Brazil for the 2016 Olympics face minimal risk of contracting or spreading Zika virus, according to an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
Newly found, 'thrifty' genetic variant influences Samoan obesity
A new study reports that a genetic variant that affects energy metabolism and fat storage partly explains why Samoans have among the world's highest levels of obesity.
Ancient eye in the sky
An international team of researchers have discovered an extremely rare, double source plane gravitational lensing system, in which two distant galaxies are simultaneously lensed by a foreground galaxy, as part of the on-going Subaru Strategic Survey with Hyper Suprime-Cam.

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