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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | July 27, 2016


Combining Ipilimumab with local treatments improved survival for patients with melanoma
Among patients with melanoma, those who received both ipilimumab (Yervoy) and local peripheral treatments such as radiotherapy or electrochemotherapy had significantly prolonged overall survival compared with those who received only ipilimumab, according to a retrospective clinical study.
Toxins in e-cig vapor increase with heat and device use
Electronic cigarettes, or e-cigs, have grown in popularity as an alternative to traditional cigarette smoking.
Financial cycles of acquisition and 'buybacks' threaten public access to breakthrough drugs
An analysis of a new drug's journey to market, published today in the BMJ, shines a light on financial practices that see some major pharmaceutical companies relying on a cycle of acquisitions, profits from high prices, and shareholder-driven maneuvers that threatens access to medicines for current and future patients.
Randomized penumbra 3D trial of next generation stent retriever meets primary endpoints
The Penumbra 3D Trial successfully met the primary trial endpoints, demonstrating non-inferiority in both safety and efficacy of the company's next-generation stent retriever, Penumbra 3D Revascularization Device, when used with Penumbra System aspiration devices compared to Penumbra System aspiration devices alone.
IBS rose to be a new player to watch in Nature Index 2016 Rising Star
The Institute for Basic Science has set itself apart from other performers with its rapidly gaining clout in the research world according to the Nature Index 2016 Rising Star supplement, published on July 28.
Maintaining a healthy heart through bile acids
Groundbreaking research from the University of Alberta and McGill University has opened the door towards the future prevention of cardiac fibrosis -- a condition leading to heart failure for which there is currently no treatment.
For the first time, researchers see structure that allows brain cells to communicate
For more than a century, neuroscientists have known that nerve cells talk to one another across the small gaps between them, a process known as synaptic transmission.
Dragon ants are coming: New 'Game of Thrones' species identified
Modern technology helps taxonomy to identify new ant species.
New model may help solve the mystery of how lithium stabilizes moods
New model provides a fresh perspective that can sharpen research aimed at pinning down lithium's biochemical targets and guide design of new treatments of mood disorders that are as effective as lithium but with fewer side effects.
EEG scans could help diagnose awareness in patients with a disorder of consciousness
New research suggests that an electroencephalogram could be a strong indicator of the level of awareness of patients in a vegetative state after a severe brain injury.
Antibodies identified that thwart Zika virus infection
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified antibodies capable of protecting against Zika virus infection, a significant step toward developing a vaccine, better diagnostic tests and possibly new antibody-based therapies.
NIH launches early-stage yellow fever vaccine trial
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious has begun an early-stage clinical trial of an investigational vaccine designed to protect against yellow fever virus.
White dwarf lashes red dwarf with mystery ray
Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, along with other telescopes on the ground and in space, have discovered a new type of exotic binary star: in the system AR Scorpii a rapidly spinning white dwarf star is powering electrons up to almost the speed of light.
Photos capture challenges for teens with autism, show animals as resource
New studies from the University of Missouri, found that through use of photographs, adolescents with ASD were able to share their accounts of difficulties transitioning out of school, their struggles with socialization and how they use animals as a source of companionship.
Prestigious grant a 'coming of age' for CU Training Program in Cancer Biology
The Training Program in Cancer Biology partnering with the University of Colorado Cancer Center recently earned a prestigious National Cancer Institute T32 grant, funding Ph.D.-level and post-doctoral training positions in cancer research.
New pathway for training physicians may lead to greater numbers in academic medicine
In an effort to address the shortage of available clinician-educators to train future physicians, academic leaders from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and Boston Medical Center (BMC), are implementing a unique dermatology residency program that emphasizes support in the transition from trainee to junior faculty member through an extended commitment to the institution in which their training was received.
Monitoring cell fates
An international team of researchers led by ETH scientists has been studying the factors influencing the development of different blood cells.
Importance of including purpose of medications on prescriptions
In a perspective article in the July 28, 2016, issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, Gordon D.
Stroke patients heading directly to endovascular centers could get treatment faster
Time is critical when it comes to ischemic stroke treatment: Patients need to receive certain treatments within six hours to maximize their chances of the best possible outcome.
New study finds ARDS patients who smoke and are obese have poorer quality of life
A new study of patients who survive the once-nearly fatal Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome finds their subsequent quality of life has more to do with lifestyle factors than how sick they were in the hospital.
The preventive destruction
Employees of the Department of Celestial Mechanics and Astrometry NII PMM of Tomsk state university (Russia) and colleagues from St.
New catalyst for hydrogen production
The mineral pentlandite is a potential new catalyst for hydrogen production.
Gene therapy for metabolic liver diseases shows promise in pigs
With a shortage of donor organs, Mayo Clinic is exploring therapeutic strategies for patients with debilitating liver diseases.
Cod and climate
Researchers use the North Atlantic Oscillation as a predictive tool for managing an iconic fishery.
EARTH: On the trail of Hannibal's army -- and elephants -- in the Alps
Armed with information from Polybius' accounts of Hannibal's invasion of Italy, and the knowledge that tens of thousands of men, horses and elephants must have left some trace, geoscientists are hunting down possible locations using deduction and chemistry to test hypotheses.
Low-level laser therapy may improve treatment of dangerous bleeding disorder
A low-intensity type of laser treatment may offer a non-invasive, drug-free treatment for thrombocytopenia -- a potentially life-threatening shortage of the platelets that are essential to blood clotting.
Discovery of new Hepatitis C virus mechanism
Researchers at Osaka University, Japan uncovered the mechanisms that suppress the propagation of the hepatitis C virus with the potential of improving pathological liver conditions.
Montreal households the greenest in Canada: UBC study
Montreal homes are the most sustainable in the country, and Edmonton's the least, according to a new University of British Columbia study that compares average household greenhouse gas emissions in major cities across Canada.
Scientists change properties of zeolites to improve hemodialysis
Scientists of Tomsk State University are working on changing physicochemical properties of zeolites using thermal and mechanical treatment.
Researchers at Nationwide Children's Hospital describe new type of cancer therapy
A study conducted at Nationwide Children's Hospital has found that a new chemotherapy is effective against both pediatric and adult cancers, and that it allows other chemotherapies to more readily reach their targets.
Street Norco looks like the real thing but really, really isn't
A paper published online yesterday in Annals of Emergency Medicine warns that a new street drug combining fentanyl and a novel synthetic opioid is being marketed illicitly as Norco but is much stronger and much more dangerous.
When the going gets tough, the tough get growing
While relentless bright light brings many forms of cyanobacteria to their knees -- figuratively, of course -- Synechococcus sp.
Satellite tracks the remnants of Tropical Storm Georgette
Tropical Storm Georgette faded fast in the Eastern Pacific and NOAA's GOES-West satellite captured an image of the remnant clouds.
Jupiter's Great Red Spot heats planet's upper atmosphere
Researchers from Boston University's (BU) Center for Space Physics report today in Nature that Jupiter's Great Red Spot may provide the mysterious source of energy required to heat the planet's upper atmosphere to the unusually high values observed.
Hot flash: Women who start menstruation and menopause later more likely to live to 90
The number of women living to age 90 in the United States has increased significantly in the past century.
Endocrine Society names Oxford University Press as exclusive distributor of journals
The Endocrine Society and Oxford University Press (OUP) announced today the Society has appointed OUP as the exclusive distributor of its journals' digital editions.
After-hours email expectations negatively impact employee well-being
A new study -- authored by Liuba Belkin of Lehigh University, William Becker of Virginia Tech and Samantha A.
Grant support from ESF and Graphene Flagship enables young researchers to attend ESOF
Funding support from the European Science Foundation and the Graphene Flagship consortium enabled nine young researchers working on graphene and related research topics to attend the EuroScience Open Forum which is taking place in Manchester this week.
Highly sensitive and effective tool measures how your cells grow and divide
The improved sequencing tool from the IBS Center for RNA Research reveals dynamic changes of poly(A) tails in eggs and embryos.
Water resilience that flows
Researchers developed an affordable way to monitor rivers and stream flow, 24/7, using open source products.
Two new highly adorned spiky ant species discovered in New Guinea
The distinctive dorsal spines found on two new species of highly adorned Pheidole ants may help to support the ants' massive heads, according to a study published July 27, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Eli Sarnat, Georg Fischer and Evan Economo from the Okinawa Institute of Science & Technology Graduate University, Japan.
New study shows long-term safety of gene therapy in Parkinson's disease
New safety data from a study of patients with advanced Parkinson's disease five years after gene transfer-mediated delivery of the neuroprotective factor neurturin directly to patients' brains reveal no serious adverse events related to the treatment.
White dwarf lashes red dwarf with mystery ray
Astronomers using ESO's Very Large Telescope, along with other telescopes on the ground and in space, have discovered a new type of exotic binary star.
How sole-source LEDs impact growth of Brassica microgreens
Researchers investigated the effects of sole-source light-emitting diodes (LEDs) of different light qualities and intensities on growth, morphology, and nutrient content of three species of Brassica microgreens.
How to build nanoelectronic devices atom by atom?
In recent decades, several device simulation tools using the bottom-up approach have been developed in universities and software companies.
Morphology suggests an endangered goby in southern California is a new species
An endangered fish along the coast of California -- the tidewater goby -- may actually be two species rather than one, according a study published July 27, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Camm Swift from the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, US, and colleagues.
Dandelions could be a sustainable source of rubber
While most farmers are actively trying to kill weeds, researchers in Ohio are trying to grow them -- fast.
Faces aren't always to be believed when it comes to honesty
UBC researchers have determined that certain facial features, not the expression, influence whether people think someone is trustworthy.
ESC Congress Hot Lines target heart failure, prevention and coronary artery disease
The highly anticipated ESC Congress 2016 hot lines are set to reveal the latest discoveries in the fields of heart failure, cardiovascular disease prevention, and coronary artery disease in six packed sessions.
When targeting cancer genes, home in on the 1 percent
Drugs that stop the overproduction of proteins by cancer cells may shut them down, but it also shuts down production of essential proteins in healthy cells.
Zika virus challenges for neuropsychiatry recently published by Dove Medical Press
The Zika virus led the World Health Organization to declare the outbreak a global public health emergency in February 2016, but how much is really known about its neurobiology and potential neuropsychiatric manifestations?
Weight loss surgery associated with increased fracture risk
Severely obese patients undergoing weight loss surgery are more likely to have increased fracture risks both before and after the surgical procedure compared to obese and non-obese people people who don't need surgery, finds a large study published by The BMJ this week.
Flexibility in the molecular design of acetylcholinesterase reactivators
The study of the mechanism of reactivation of acetylcholinesterase inhibited by organophosphates is still a challenge for theoretical chemists since mechanistic studies, involve electronic transfer and breaking and formation of chemical bonds.
Frog reproduction in created ponds may be affected by disease and food availability
Food availability and disease in created habitats may affect the reproductive output of reintroduced frogs, according to a study published July 27, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Kaya Klop-Toker from the University of Newcastle, Australia, and colleagues.
New study reveals where MH370 debris more likely to be found
A team of researchers in Italy has used the location of confirmed debris from MH370 to determine where the airliner might have crashed, and where further debris could be found.
Watering solar cells makes them grow ... in power!
Researchers clarified the relationship between air exposure and enhanced electric proprieties in perovskite solar cells.
In the space travel age, photonic tech is the way to go
As the space travel age dawns upon us, photonic technology takes on a greater central role in its impact on the performance of space systems.
NASA releases 'Microbiomics: The Living World In and On You'
NASA's Human Research Program is releasing a video titled 'Microbiomics: The Living World In and On You' to highlight microbial research of its Twins Study.
Project exploring mindfulness therapy in preventing drug relapse among young adults
A research project at the University of Illinois, funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, is examining the use of mindfulness therapy in preventing drug abuse relapse among marginalized young adults.
Diabetes prevention programs beneficial in improving cardio-metabolic profiles
A new study by researchers at Emory's Rollins School of Public Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that lifestyle modification programs modeled on diabetes prevention programs (DPP) trials not only achieved weight reduction, but also additional metabolic benefits -specifically, reductions in blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels.
This week from AGU: Elegant landslides, hackable phones, and 3 research spotlights
This Week from AGU: elegant landslides, hackable phones, and 3 research spotlights.
Resveratrol appears to restore blood-brain barrier integrity in Alzheimer's disease
Resveratrol, given to Alzheimer's patients, appears to restore the integrity of the blood-brain barrier, reducing the ability of harmful immune molecules secreted by immune cells to infiltrate from the body into brain tissues, say researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center.
The brain's super-sensitivity to curbs
Humans rely on boundaries like walls and curbs for navigation, and Johns Hopkins University researchers have pinpointed the areas of the brain most sensitive to even the tiniest borders.
International efforts needed to save world's largest mammals, scientists say
A team of conservation biologists is calling for a worldwide strategy to prevent the unthinkable: the extinction of the world's largest mammal species.
International Tree Nut Council study finds link between nut intake and inflammatory biomarkers
In a cross-sectional analysis published online today in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers looked at the association between habitual nut consumption and inflammatory biomarkers among 5,013 men and women participating in two ongoing prospective cohort studies.
Could microbiome disruptions explain HIV-exposed babies' poor health?
HIV infection in mothers can disrupt the development of the gut microbiome of HIV-exposed but uninfected babies, potentially explaining why these infants are more vulnerable to death and disease, researchers report in a new study.
Article says radiologists need to solidify position on cancer teams
Given the anticipated increase in cancer imaging over the next decad, radiologists need to solidify their position as central members of the cancer team by identifying toxicity early and understanding the implications of their findings.
Maternal HIV status may disrupt normal microbiome development in uninfected infants
A study led by researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles suggests that maternal HIV infection influences the microbiome of their HIV-uninfected infants.
Selfie righteous: New tool corrects angles and distances in portraits
Princeton researchers have unveiled a new photo-editing method for correcting distortions in 'selfies,' photos taken at abnormally close range, to make them look more like conventional portraits.
NYU among Nature Index's 2016 Rising Stars
New York University has been named among the 2016 'Rising Stars' by Nature Index, a database of research articles published in a group of 68 high-quality science journals.
All e-cigarettes emit harmful chemicals, but some emit more than others
While previous studies have found that electronic cigarettes emit toxic compounds, a new study from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has pinpointed the source of these emissions and shown how factors such as the temperature, type, and age of the device play a role in emission levels, information that could be valuable to both manufacturers and regulators seeking to minimize the health impacts of these increasingly popular devices.
New recommendations for transitioning youths with brain disorders to adult care
A new consensus statement provides recommendations for transitioning adolescents and young adults with neurologic disorders to adult care.
Too short or too long reproductive span increases risk of diabetes in postmenopausal women
Using data from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), a new study has found that women with reproductive-period durations of less than 30 years had a 37 percent increased risk of type 2 diabetes compared with women whose reproductive durations were somewhere in the middle (36 to 40 years).
The August 2016 issue of Lithosphere is now online
The August issue of Lithosphere presents papers that provide insights into Tyrrhenian margin neotectonics in Italy; the Wrangellia composite terrane in Canada; fault-related fissures on Gower Peninsula, Wales; blueschist facies rocks and serpentinites from Kochi in Shikoku Island, Japan; the Shuswap metamorphic complex in southern British Columbia; and paleo-Pacific plate subduction along northeastern China.
Clinical assessment of muscular fatigue
A patient's response to a therapeutic exercise program depends on the effectiveness of the program and the value of its delivery system.
Revolutionary web browser lets you lead a smarter life when you get a HAT
RUMPEL, a ground-breaking hyperdata web browser that makes it simpler for people to access and use online data about themselves, is being rolled out to the public this month.
Indicators of Parkinson's disease risk found in unexpected places
Clues that point toward new risk mechanisms for developing Parkinson's disease are hiding in some unusual spots, according to a study published today in Scientific Reports.
Researchers say trees could help strengthen auto parts
Srikanth Pilla of Clemson University announced Wednesday that he has received funding to work with the US Forest Service to develop fenders and bumpers that are less likely to break or distort on impact.
Mouse antibodies pinpoint Zika's weak spots
Antibodies that specifically protect against Zika infection have been identified in mice, report Washington University School of Medicine in St.
A minute of secondhand marijuana smoke may damage blood vessels
Rats' blood vessels took at least three times longer to recover function after only a minute of breathing secondhand marijuana smoke, compared to recovery after a minute of breathing secondhand tobacco smoke.
Clemson scientists awarded $1.57 million grant to study infections on medical implants
Clemson scientist Jeffrey Anker and four colleagues have been awarded a five-year, $1.57 million grant to develop a novel imaging technique and dye-based sensor to detect and monitor bacterial infections on implanted medical devices.
Studies in mice provide insights into antibody-Zika virus interactions
In research that could inform prophylactic treatment approaches for pregnant women at risk of Zika virus infection, investigators conducted experiments in mice and identified six Zika virus antibodies, including four that neutralize African, Asian and American strains of the mosquito-borne virus.
Excluding high-risk cardiac patients from public reporting linked to improved outcomes
A number of states mandate public reporting of mortality outcomes following certain cardiac procedures.
Should the gray wolf keep its endangered species protection?
A decision by the US Fish and Wildlife Service to remove the gray wolf from protection under the US Endangered Species Act may be made as early as this fall.
Cycle for the Cure raises a record $248,725 for TGen cancer research
This year's Cycle for the Cure already was on track to be one of the most successful in its six years of raising cancer research funds for the non-profit Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen).
Reperfusion therapy type for heart attacks seems less important than assuring that all eligible patients receive timely treatment
Patients suffering the classic type of heart attack, ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), are recommended to undergo reperfusion therapy immediately to restore blood flow to the heart.
New book gives comprehensive overview of astrocyte biology
Devin K. Binder, an associate professor of biomedical sciences in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside, and Jacqueline A.
Children's Hospital Colorado nurse receives National Patient Safety Foundation DAISY Award
Children's Hospital Colorado is proud to recognize Rachel Whittaker, BSN, RN, CPN, for receiving the DAISY Award for Extraordinary Nurses by the National Patient Safety Foundation.
Transformations to granular zircon revealed: Meteor Crater, Arizona
Having been reported in lunar samples returned by Apollo astronauts, meteorites, impact glass, and at a number of meteorite craters on Earth, granular zircon is the most unusual and enigmatic type of zircon known.
High chance that current atmospheric GHGs commit to warmings greater than 1.5C over land
Current levels of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations already commit the planet to air temperatures over many land regions being eventually warmed by greater than 1.5°C, according to new research published July 27, 2016, in the journal Scientific Reports.
NZ wren DNA analysis reshapes geological theory
A DNA analysis of living and extinct species of mysterious New Zealand wrens may change theories around the country's geological and evolutionary past.
Inserm, France's rising research star according to Nature
The French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (Inserm) is the only research institution in France listed in the World Top 100 institutions with the most progress in the last 3 years.
Updated testing guidelines make more women eligible for herceptin, yet benefit uncertain
Changes to HER2 testing guidelines for breast cancer in 2013 significantly increased the number of patients who test HER2-positive, according to a new study by Mayo Clinic researchers published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Serendipitous observation may lead to more efficient solar cells and new gas sensors
While investigating perovskite crystals, University of Groningen scientists made an observation that could make perovskite solar cells more efficient.
Tuned gels reveal molecules that drive stem cell differentiation
By monitoring stem cell differentiation on gels that mimic the stiffness of biological tissue, researchers have identified the metabolites that stem cells use when selecting bone and cartilage fates.
Battery500 consortium to spark EV innovations
The PNNL-led Battery500 consortium aims to significantly improve upon the batteries that power today's electric vehicles by more nearly tripling the specific energy in lithium batteries.
Vitamin D levels predict risk of brain decline in Chinese elderly
Research conducted by Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS) and Duke University has associated low vitamin D levels with increased subsequent risk of cognitive decline and impairment in the Chinese elderly.
NASA sees compact Tropical Storm Frank weakening
Infrared data from NASA showed that cloud top temperatures in Hurricane Frank were warming, an indication that Hurricane Frank was getting weaker.
Conservation scientists call for global strategy to halt threatened animal extinctions
Aiming to stop the looming extinction of large wild-animal species across the globe, a group of international conservation scientists has issued a call for actions to halt further declines.
SLU research finds link between carbohydrate consumption and adropin
Saint Louis University researchers report that levels of the peptide hormone adropin vary based on carbohydrate consumption and appear to be linked to lipid metabolism.
Early and late menopause can increase risk of type 2 diabetes
Women who begin menopause before age 46 or after 55 have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a study of more than 124,000 women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative, a large national trial aimed at preventing disease in postmenopausal women.
Los Angeles mountain lions hunt closer to human settlements than expected
Mountain lions hunt their mule deer prey closer to human settlements around Los Angeles than locations randomly distributed across their home ranges, according to a study published July 13, 2016. in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by John Benson from the University of California, Los Angeles, US, and colleagues.
Star's intense radiation beams whip neighboring red dwarf
New research from the University of Warwick finds a new type of exotic binary star, in which a rapidly-spinning burnt-out stellar remnant called a white dwarf sweeps powerful beams of particles and radiation over its nearby companion star, causing it to pulse across almost the entire electromagnetic spectrum from the ultraviolet to radio.
Switch from observation only to active treatment by prostate cancer patients varies by race/ethnicity
A new study of more than 2,200 patients with low risk prostate cancer in an ethnically and economically diverse population revealed that ethnicity influences the decision to switch from observation only to active treatment.
Here's how the human voice has been broken into its elements
Most recently, scientists dealing with the human voice have taken a novel view of the human voice from the perspective of voice production.
Avoiding stumbles, from spacewalks to sidewalks
Researchers from MIT's Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AeroAstro) and the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory in Cambridge, Massachusetts are developing a new space boot with built-in sensors and tiny 'haptic' motors, whose vibrations can guide the wearer around or over obstacles.
Carbon-financed cookstove fails to deliver hoped-for benefits in the field
A study of the the first clean cookstove intervention in India financed through the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism found expected benefits from newer, more 'efficient' stoves -- based on their performance in lab tests -- did not materialize in the field.
Investigation reveals how the NHS is impeding access to high-priced drugs
An investigation published by The BMJ today reveals how the NHS is impeding access to high priced drugs for hepatitis C.
Gene therapy in a droplet could treat eye diseases, prevent blindness
Eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration are among the leading causes of irreversible vision loss and blindness worldwide.
Professor of Marine Geosciences named 2016 AGU Fellow
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science Professor Peter K.
Princeton-UCLA study finds gray wolves should remain protected
Researchers from Princeton University and UCLA have investigated the genetic ancestry of North America's wild canines and concluded that the US Fish and Wildlife Service's scientific arguments for removing gray wolves from endangered species protection are incorrect.
Videos reveal birds, bats and bugs near Ivanpah solar project power towers
Video surveillance (videos available) is the most effective method for detecting animals flying around solar power towers, according to a study of various techniques used at the Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System facility in southeastern California.
An hour of moderate exercise a day enough to counter health risks from prolonged sitting
The health risks associated with sitting for eight or more hours a day -- whether at work, home or commuting -- can be eliminated with an hour or more of physical activity a day, according to a study from an international team of researchers.
Common brain changes found in children with autism, ADHD and OCD
A team of Toronto scientists has found similarities in brain impairments in children with autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder.
New approach for environmental test on livestock drugs
Drugs for livestock can harm beneficial organisms that break down dung.
Survey of 31 years of video games shows a decline in sexualized female characters
At a time when the video game industry has come under scrutiny for its low level of female employment and how women are depicted in its products, a new Indiana University study finds that sexualization of female primary game characters actually may be less than before.
Physical inactivity cost the world $67 billion in 2013 says first ever estimate
A world-first study has revealed that in 2013, physical inactivity cost $67.5 billion globally in health-care expenditure and lost productivity, revealing the enormous economic burden of an increasingly sedentary world.
World first demo of labyrinth magnetic-domain-optical Q-switched laser
Researchers at Toyohashi University of Technology and their colleagues have fabricated the first magneto-optical (MO) Q-switched laser.
A sage discovery: Plant-derived compounds have potent anti-inflammatory effects
New research reveals that two specific plant-derived compounds may be effective for fighting inflammation and pain.
Improving safety of neutron sources
There is a growing interest in the scientific community in a type of high-power neutron source that is created via a process referred to as spallation.
Congenital Zika virus program at Children's National Health System
The Children's National Health System Congenital Zika Virus Program serves as a dedicated resource for referring clinicians and for pregnant women to receive counseling and science-driven answers about the impact of Zika on pregnancies and newborns.
Is Europe ready to eliminate viral hepatitis?
Currently, Europe records around 57,000 newly diagnosed acute and chronic cases of hepatitis B and C each year.
AAN: Closure not recommended for people with heart defect and stroke
An updated recommendation from the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) states that catheter-based closure should not be routinely recommended for people who have had a stroke and also have a heart defect called a patent foramen ovale (PFO), a channel between the top two chambers in the heart.
Even thinking about marriage gets young people to straighten up
You don't have to get married to settle down and leave behind your wild ways -- you just have to expect to get married soon.
Forests, species on 4 continents threatened by palm oil expansion
As palm oil production expands from Southeast Asia into the Americas and Africa, vulnerable tropical forests and species on four continents face increased risk of loss, a Duke-led study finds.
NASA's IMERG shows Darby's rainfall over the Hawaiian Islands
Most of the Hawaiian Islands were spared serious damage from Tropical Storm Darby.
Study suggests new drug candidate could treat both type 2 diabetes and bone loss
A new study has shown that a new class of drug candidates developed at The Scripps Research Institute increases bone mass by expanding bone formation (deposition of new bone) and bone turnover (a normal process of replacement of old bone).
Towards smarter crop plants to feed the world
Plant scientists at Lancaster University, with support from the University of Illinois, have made an important advance in understanding the natural diversity of a key plant enzyme which could help us address the looming threat of global food security.
The double-edged sword of wildlife-friendly yards
A new study in The Condor: Ornithological Applications examines the factors that affect bird-window collision rates at homes and shows that yards that are more attractive to birds are also the sites of more collisions.
First cancer patient in Ohio receives proton therapy treatment
Mevion Medical Systems, the leader in compact proton therapy, is announcing that University Hospitals in Cleveland used the industry-leading MEVION S250 proton therapy system to treat its first patient, a 24-year-old woman with, rhabdomyosarcoma, a rare form of sarcoma.
ADHD medication reduces risky behavior in children, teens, Princeton research finds
New research provides some of the first evidence that medications taken by millions of American children to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder offer long-term benefits.
Treating pain without feeding addiction: Study shows promise of non-drug pain management
A new study shows the potential for patients who have both addiction issues and chronic pain to get relief from an approach that combines behavioral therapy and social support to help them manage their pain without painkillers that carry an addiction risk.
Newborns with borderline thyroid function at higher risk of poor neurodevelopmental outcomes
Babies born with moderately high concentrations of thyroid stimulating hormone have a higher risk of poor educational and development outcomes at school age, a world-first University of Sydney study reveals.
Ames Laboratory Ph.D. student is awarded Margaret Butler Fellowship
US Department of Energy's (DOE) Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University Ph.D. student Colleen Bertoni has been named this year's recipient of the Margaret Butler Fellowship in Computational Science.
Getting digital line-ups wrong can put innocents behind bars
New research from the University of Warwick highlights why it's vital for police to disguise distinctive features in line-ups.
'Screen-and-treat' scheme for hepatitis B may prevent deadly complications
The new findings, from researchers at a number of international institutions including Imperial College London and the Medical Research Council Unit The Gambia, also suggest the initiative is feasible and cost-effective.
Randomized penumbra 3-D trial of next generation stent retriever meets primary endpoints
Today during the Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery's (SNIS) 13th Annual Meeting, SNIS President Donald Frei, M.D., announced that the Penumbra 3-D Trial successfully met the primary trial endpoints, demonstrating non-inferiority in safety and efficacy of Penumbra 3-D Revascularization Device, when used with Penumbra System aspiration devices compared to Penumbra System aspiration devices alone.
Voice control in orangutan gives clues to early human speech
An adolescent orangutan called Rocky could provide the key to understanding how speech in humans evolved from the time of the ancestral great apes, according to new research.
More evidence in quest to repurpose cancer drugs for Alzheimer's disease
An FDA approved drug to treat renal cell carcinoma appears to reduce levels of a toxic brain protein linked to dementia in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases when given to animals.
The Lancet: One hour of physical activity per day could offset health risk of 8 hours of sitting
A new study of over 1 million people finds that doing at least one hour of physical activity per day, such as brisk walking or cycling for pleasure, may eliminate the increased risk of death associated with sitting for 8h a day.
Reducing carbon emissions using waste marble powder
The ongoing fraud investigation into the nearly $7 billion Mississippi clean coal plant has sparked debate on whether carbon capture is a viable technology.
Ketone drink gives competitive cyclists a boost by altering their metabolism
A drink developed for soldiers to generate energy from ketones allowed highly trained cyclists to add up to 400 meters of distance to their workouts, a UK-led study reports in Cell Metabolism.
Researcher gets $1.3 million grant to study preventing post-traumatic osteoarthritis
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a $1.3 million grant to Diane Wagner, an associate professor of mechanical engineering with the School of Engineering and Technology at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, to evaluate a new method of strengthening damaged cartilage, preventing it from progressing to a debilitating form of arthritis.
School of Medicine takes a lead role in Cleveland's infant mortality initiative
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine will serve as a lead partner for 'First Year Cleveland,' a project aimed at reducing infant mortality in Cleveland and Cuyahoga County.
NASA sees Tropical Storm Mirinae approaching landfall
Tropical Storm Mirinae was moving through the Gulf of Tonkin early on July 27 when NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead.

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#538 Nobels and Astrophysics
This week we start with this year's physics Nobel Prize awarded to Jim Peebles, Michel Mayor, and Didier Queloz and finish with a discussion of the Nobel Prizes as a way to award and highlight important science. Are they still relevant? When science breakthroughs are built on the backs of hundreds -- and sometimes thousands -- of people's hard work, how do you pick just three to highlight? Join host Rachelle Saunders and astrophysicist, author, and science communicator Ethan Siegel for their chat about astrophysics and Nobel Prizes.