Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 28, 2016
Discovery of biomarkers for the prognosis of chronic kidney disease
Currently, there is no effective method to predict the prognosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients.

Even mild vision impairment has influence on quality of life
In a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology, Phillippa M.

The impact of private sector contracts on NHS provision and treatment inequalities
Patient choice and the use of the private sector for hip surgery in Scotland was found to be associated with a decrease in NHS provision and may have contributed to an increase in age-related and socioeconomic treatment inequalities, according to research by Queen Mary University of London.

An extraordinary standard: New NIST protein could spur biopharmaceutical innovation
Universally available 'public' mAb, characterized and distributed by NIST, will allow better assessment of existing analytical methods and potentially faster adoption of new technologies.

Evolution drives how fast plants could migrate with climate change: UBC study
New research from the University of British Columbia suggests evolution is a driving mechanism behind plant migration, and that scientists may be underestimating how quickly species can move.

Urinary markers may indicate kidney injury in preterm infants
The amounts of protein excreted in the urine of preterm infants with acute kidney injury differ from similar infants without kidney injury.

Recovery of dopamine function emerges with recovery from smoking
A new study in Biological Psychiatry reports that smoking-related deficits in brain dopamine, a chemical implicated in reward and addiction, return to normal three months after quitting.

CO2 can be stored underground for 10 times the length needed to avoid climatic impact
Study of natural-occurring 100,000-year-old CO2 reservoirs shows no significant corroding of 'cap rock', suggesting the greenhouse gas hasn't leaked back out -- one of the main concerns with greenhouse gas reduction proposal of carbon capture and storage.

Promising results with new gene therapy approach for treating inherited neurodegenerative diseases
A new gene therapy approach designed to replace the enzyme that is deficient in patients with the inherited neurodegenerative disorders Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff diseases successfully delivered the therapeutic gene to the brains of treated mice, restored enzyme function, and extended survival by about 2.5-fold.

A step closer to understanding the 'switch' that triggers flowering in plants
Scientists at the John Innes Centre have taken another crucial step towards understanding how plants initiate flowering.

Why do antidepressants take so long to work?
An episode of major depression can be crippling, impairing the ability to sleep, work, or eat.

Music makes beer taste better
Music can influence how much you like the taste of beer, according to a study published in Frontiers in Psychology.

Use of Internet in medical research may hinder recruitment of minorities, poor
A study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Physicist offers leading theory about mysterious Large Hadron Collider excess
K.C. Kong's idea: a sequence of particles at different masses -- without a 'resonance' particle at 750 GeV -- triggered the mystery signal at the Large Hadron Collider.

PR officials should utilize Twitter, social media during crises to gauge public response
Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Journalism have found that unorganized and semi-organized groups use Twitter to communicate and develop stances toward organizations who are experiencing crises.

Novel drug therapy kills pancreatic cancer cells by reducing levels of antioxidants
While it's a matter of conventional wisdom in popular culture that raising antioxidant levels in the body tends to keep cancer at bay, a CSHL team demonstrates that in pancreatic cells on the road to cancer or already malignant, the last thing one wants to do is to raise antioxidant levels.

Early detection of leukemia patients' resistance to therapy
Australian researchers have made a world-first breakthrough in the early detection of patients' resistance to a common treatment for chronic myeloid leukemia, offering some hope that the patients' treatment could be changed sooner to improve their chances of survival.

Plumbing the possibilities of a camera that 'sees around corners'
The Morgridge Institute for Research and University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers are working to optimize a camera capable of a slick optical trick: snapping pictures around corners.

'Advance warning'
The Climate Hazards Group will help African scientists to use remote sensing and climate data to predict poor harvests and prevent severe hunger.

Vortex laser offers hope for Moore's Law
Like a whirlpool, a new light-based communication tool carries data in a swift, circular motion.

Why brain neurons in Parkinson's disease stop benefiting from levodopa
Though the drug levodopa can dramatically improve Parkinson's disease symptoms, within five years one-half of the patients using L-DOPA develop an irreversible condition -- involuntary repetitive, rapid and jerky movements.

Valley fever diagnosis often missed
For patients with pneumonia or ongoing influenza-like symptoms who live in or have visited the west or southwest United States, especially Arizona and central California, infectious diseases experts recommend physicians suspect valley fever, an often-overlooked fungal infection.

Mulching plus remediation corrects contaminated lawns
A study compared the effectiveness of combining mulching with remediation for reseeding lawns damaged by diesel and hydraulic fluid spills.

Likely to be many more pedestrian and motorcycle deaths in India than officially stated
There are likely to be many more pedestrian and motorcycle deaths in India than official government figures state, suggests research published online in the journal Injury Prevention.

Tooth wear sheds light on the feeding habits of ancient elephant relatives
How can we ever know what ancient animals ate? For the first time, the changing diets of elephants in the last two million years in China have been reconstructed, using a technique based on analysis of the surface textures of their teeth.

Pneumonia discovery may offer way to boost body's defenses
The finding may offer a new way for doctors to boost patients' ability to fight off the life-threatening infection as bacteria become more and more resistant to antibiotics.

New rare species of whale identified
Researchers have identified a new rare species of beaked whale with a range in the remote North Pacific Ocean.

Production area does not affect phosphorus digestibility in soybean meal fed to pigs
Research at the University of Illinois is helping to determine the effect of growing conditions on the nutritional value of soybean meal.

'Pain paradox' discovery provides route to new pain control drugs
A natural substance known to activate pain in the central nervous system has been found to have the opposite effect in other parts of the body, potentially paving the way to new methods of pain control.

New noninvasive imaging method for showing oxygen in tissue
Learning how to look inside a body without having to cut it open is still an important part of medical research.

Acute kidney injury identifiable in preterm infants
Early diagnosis of acute kidney injury in preterm infants is possible through urinary protein markers.

Space weather pioneer Lanzerotti wins second career award from American Geophysical Union
Louis Lanzerotti, distinguished research professor of physics at New Jersey Institute of Technology, received the William Kaula Award in recognition of his 'unselfish service to the scientific community through extraordinary dedication to, and exceptional efforts on behalf of, the Union's publications program.'

Original cell type does not affect iPS cell differentiation to blood
The effectiveness of reprogramming cells into blood cells is thought to depend on the original cell type and reprogramming method.

INRS professor's team unveils new Leishmania virulence strategies
Professor Albert Descoteaux of INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier Research Centre and his team have discovered novel virulence strategies employed by the Leishmania parasite.

Apollo astronauts experiencing higher rates of cardiovascular-related deaths
In a new paper in Scientific Reports, FSU Dean of the College of Human Sciences and Professor Michael Delp explains that the men who traveled into deep space as part of the lunar missions were exposed to levels of galactic cosmic radiation that have not been experienced by any other astronauts or cosmonauts.

New genetic syndrome tied to defects in protein transport
An international team of researchers has discovered the mutation responsible for a rare, newly identified genetic disorder that causes craniofacial abnormalities and developmental delays.

The Lancet Psychiatry: Locked door policy in mental health hospitals is no better than open doors at preventing patient suicide or unauthorized absence, says study
Treating people with mental ill health in hospitals with locked wards, as opposed to hospitals without locked wards, does not reduce their risk of suicide attempts or of unauthorised absence from hospital, also known as 'absconding', according to a new 15-year study in Germany of around 145000 patient cases, published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.

How to reduce US firearm suicide rates?
Reducing firearm access, smart gun technology, and public education could reduce firearm suicides in the United States, finds a new report from Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute.

Photopharmacology and optogenetics: Lighting the way for second messengers
Teams at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich and EMBL have created photosensitive mimics of a class of signaling molecules, thus enabling their actions to be regulated by light, and affording new insights into the communications networks that control cellular metabolism.

Study finds couples' division of paid and unpaid labor linked to risk of divorce
A new study suggests that financial factors, including couples' overall resources and wives' ability to support themselves in the event of a divorce, are not predictive of whether marriages last.

Beating the heat a challenge at the nanoscale
A little heat from a laser can disrupt measurements of materials at the nanoscale, according to Rice University scientists.

Longer survival likely to be reason for increased numbers with diabetes, rather than increased incidence
Overall incidence of type 2 diabetes has stabilised over recent years, according to a new study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes), whilst mortality has declined, suggesting that increasing prevalence of the disease within the population may be attributed not to increasing numbers but to longer survival of patients with diabetes.

Blood pressure hormone promotes obesity
New research by University of Iowa scientists helps explain how a hormone system often targeted to treat cardiovascular disease can also lower metabolism and promote obesity.

Pitt and CMU receive $550,000 from NSF to design metal nanoparticles
The University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering and Carnegie Mellon University College of Engineering were awarded grants from the National Science Foundation to develop a novel computational framework that can custom design nanoparticles.

Prostate cancer breakthrough could lead to new diagnostic tests and treatments
Prostate cancer patients have been offered hope after scientists at Newcastle University, UK, have identified a new group of molecules that could be targeted to slow tumor growth.

International team of scientists unveils fundamental properties of spin Seebeck effect
Physicists of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany together with their colleagues from Glasgow University in Scotland succeeded to reveal essential properties of the spin Seebeck effect.

Social media linked to more satisfaction with breast cancer treatment decisions
Women who engaged on social media after a breast cancer diagnosis expressed more deliberation about their treatment decision and more satisfaction with the path they chose, a new study finds.

Twisted optics: Seeing light from a new angle
Researchers have developed a technique to generate miniature light beams that are twisted in orientation, similar in shape to a helix.

Planting time, flurprimidol treatments recommended for Lachenalia
The growth and flowering of two types of Lachenalia were manipulated by varying planting times and flurprimidol treatments.

Scientists warn about health of English bulldog
According to new research it could be difficult to improve the health of the English bulldog, one of the world's unhealthiest dog breeds, from within its existing gene pool.

No dream: Electric brain stimulation during sleep can boost memory
For the first time, UNC School of Medicine scientists report using transcranial alternating current stimulation, or tACS, to target a specific kind of brain activity during sleep and strengthen memory in healthy people.

Virtual rocks: A new spin on virtual geology
Over the past decade, the number of virtual field trips created to simulate in-person field excursions has grown, but one aspect of physical fieldwork is not commonly replicated: Virtual explorers do not often return to their desks with collections of virtual rocks.

Sigma Xi's new initiative to strengthen research outreach
Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society's new Research Communications Initiative (RCI) will help scientists and engineers enhance the impact of their research.

Lawrence Livermore collects funds for solar power improvement
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), in collaboration with Giant Leap Technologies, received $1.75 million Thursday from the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to improve solar power efficiency.

Tomatoes resist a parasitic vine by detecting its peptide
Tomato plants deter attacks from a parasitic plant that's known to ravage crops by detecting one of its peptides, a new study reveals.

Sampling method used for new breast cancer tests may lead to underestimation of risk
Not only is breast cancer more than one disease, but a single breast cancer tumor can vary within itself, giving the potential for very different patient treatment plans depending on the tumor sample and diagnostic testing used.

International partnership established to tackle antimicrobial resistance
The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Wellcome Trust of London, the AMR Centre of Alderley Park, Cheshire in the United Kingdom and Boston University School of Law today announced the establishment of one of the world's largest public-private partnerships focused on tackling antibiotic resistance, an emerging modern threat to public health worldwide.

Cuttlefish do not bluff in battle
Male cuttlefish do not bluff. When their body language shows they are agitated, they are.

NIH awards $2.4 million to MPFI scientist to investigate role of astrocytes in neural circuits
Dr. James Schummers, Research Group Leader at the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience, has been awarded a $2.4 million five-year grant from the National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health to study the properties of astrocytes, a prominent non-neuronal cell type in the brain, and what role they play in neural circuit function.

NASA finds Tropical Cyclone Frank fading
Tropical Storm Frank weakened to a tropical storm on July 28, 2016 and satellite imagery shows that winds and thunderstorms have continued to weaken.

Unlocking the languages of autistic children in families
This pioneering research using drama with autistic children started with an Arts and Humanities Research Council funded project 'Imagining Autism: Drama, Performance and Intermediality as Interventions for Autistic Spectrum Conditions' (2011-2014) working in special schools and has now extended to working with families.

Toward an effective TB vaccine: Analysis of the immune response to a promising candidate
BCG, the only currently approved TB vaccine, is only partially effective.

Scientists call for increased federal investment in sustainable agriculture
Based on a new analysis of federal funding from the US Department of Agriculture, researchers say there is an urgent need for increased investment in research and development aimed at making sustainable food production more effective.

Conservation scientists help fish catch a break in Pohnpei
Underneath the waves of Palikir Pass, one of the world's top surf breaks in the Pacific Ocean, lies a new safe zone which aims to ensure the survival of local fisheries and the species that are caught in Pohnpei, Micronesia.

Brain changes after menopause may lead to lack of physical activity
Researchers from the University of Missouri have found a connection between lack of ovarian hormones and changes in the brain's pleasure center, a hotspot in the brain that processes and reinforces messages related to reward, pleasure, activity and motivation for physical exercise.

Cancer on a Paleo-diet? Ask someone who lived 1.7 million years ago
Wits researchers publish two papers on the most ancient evidence for cancer and bony tumors yet described in the human fossil record.

Chorus of black holes radiates X-rays
The NuSTAR mission is identifying which black holes erupt with the highest-energy X-rays.

The feel of food
A team of biologists has discovered the cellular mechanism through which fruit flies sense food texture.

SNMMI Technologist Section announces award winners
The Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging's Technologist Section (SNMMI-TS) -- an international scientific and medical organization -- recognized contributions to and work in the field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging during the SNMMI 2016 Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif.

Stanford study identifies brain areas altered during hypnotic trances
By scanning the brains of subjects while they were hypnotized, researchers at the School of Medicine were able to see the neural changes associated with hypnosis.

ACMG releases updated position statement on noninvasive prenatal screening for detection of fetal aneuploidy
Noninvasive prenatal screening using cell-free placental DNA circulating in maternal blood (NIPS) has been rapidly integrated into prenatal care since the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) released its 2013 Position Statement on its use.

Sex and death insights from a mutant roundworm
All at once, a roundworm overhauls an array of survival strategies, and researchers suspect multiple mutations behind it.

The intravenous swim team
Drexel University researchers, led by MinJun Kim, Ph.D., a professor in the College of Engineering, have successfully pulled off a feat that both sci-fi fans and Michael Phelps could appreciate.

Maintaining healthy relationships: University of Waterloo studies identify a promising way
Thinking about the future helps overcome relationship conflicts, according to a University of Waterloo study just published online in Social Psychological and Personality Science.

Confronted with sepsis, key immune mechanism breaks, Indiana University scientists find
When the body encounters an infection, a molecular signaling system ramps up the body's infection-fighting system to produce more white blood cells to attack invading bacteria.

Earth's mantle appears to have a driving role in plate tectonics
Deep down below us is a tug of war moving at less than the speed of growing fingernails.

Effects of past tropical deforestation will be felt for years to come
Even if people completely stopped converting tropical forests into farmland, the impacts of tropical deforestation would continue to be felt for many years to come.

MUSC investigators awarded grant for research to predict and prevent aortic aneurysms
Investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) received a $1.46 million grant to study how thoracic aortic aneurysms develop over time and how surgeons might be able to predict and stop development before the aorta ruptures, thereby saving the lives of patients with this disease.

Insurance, distance to care can be barriers to breast reconstruction
Researchers say breast reconstruction can help with self-esteem, sexuality and body image after mastectomy.

Breakthrough solar cell captures CO2 and sunlight, produces burnable fuel
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have engineered a potentially game-changing solar cell that cheaply and efficiently converts atmospheric carbon dioxide directly into usable hydrocarbon fuel, using only sunlight for energy.

Psychiatry on closed and open wards: The suicide risk remains the same
In psychiatric clinics with an exclusively open-door policy, the risk of patients committing suicide or absconding from treatment is no higher than in clinics with locked wards.

Introduction of screening could significantly reduce lung cancer deaths
The introduction of lung cancer screening in the UK could significantly reduce deaths in high risk groups, without causing participants the undue stress sometimes associated with medical tests.

Scientists discover new therapeutic target for lung cancer driven by KRAS
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a new way to target lung cancer through the KRAS gene, one of the most commonly mutated genes in human cancer and one researchers have so far had difficulty targeting successfully.

With too little to eat, 'massive number' of reef sharks depend on delivery
It stands to reason in a healthy environment that prey should always vastly outnumber the predators that eat them.

Researchers raise more than $2 million to rethink cybersecurity
EPFL professor George Candea founded Cyberhaven, a startup that is developing a brand new approach to computer security.

Teens who smoke daily are more likely to report health complaints
As fewer teens overall take up smoking, those who do smoke daily are reporting more health complaints than in years past, a new study indicates.

Pitt researchers solve mystery on how regenerative medicine works
Researchers identify mechanism by which bioscaffolds used in regenerative medicine influence cellular behavior, a question that has remained unanswered since the technology was first developed several decades ago.

Research reveals restorative justice reduces recidivism
Restorative justice programs, such victim-offender mediation and community impact panels, are more effective in reducing recidivism rates among juvenile offenders than traditional court processing, a study by researchers at Sam Houston State University found.

PolyU discovers inadequate calcium, iron and iodine intakes of Hong Kong lactating women
The research team at the Laboratory for Infant & Child of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University's Food Safety and Technology Research Centre has undertaken a study in breast milk to analyze the calcium, iron and iodine levels of breast milk of Hong Kong lactating women and their daily intakes of the respective micronutrients.

Conception timed with periods of low mosquito activity could reduce Zika virus infection
Princeton University research suggests that women could prevent contracting the mosquito-borne Zika virus while pregnant by timing the first months of pregnancy with seasonal declines in mosquito activity.

UTA engineers earn 3 best paper awards
A team of electrical engineering professors and students at The University of Texas at Arlington has won three 'Best Paper' Awards from the Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers, including the organization's 2016 Power and Energy Society Prize Paper Award.

Household MRSA controlled through treatment compliance, patient education
A new study found that following basic hygienic practices and complying with protocols for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) decolonization reduces the time to clearance of the bacteria more quickly than a treatment regimen of antibiotic ointment and antiseptic body wash.

Researchers discover gene variant associated with esophageal cancer
Researchers at University Hospitals Case Medical Center have discovered that a rare genetic mutation is associated with susceptibility to familial Barrett esophagus and esophageal cancer, according to a new study published in the July issue of JAMA Oncology.

Two proteins safeguard skin stem cells
Our skin renews, heals wounds, and regenerates the hair that covers it thanks to a small group of stem cells.

T-cells can be directed to treat a variety of ovarian cancers
Scientists at The Wistar Institute have discovered a receptor-protein that is expressed on the surface of different types of ovarian tumor cells, including clear cell and mucinous ovarian tumors, two of the most aggressive subtypes of the disease.

Songbirds' epic migrations connected to a small cluster of genes
Scientists from the University of British Columbia have shown that there is a genetic basis to the migratory routes flown by songbirds, and have narrowed in on a relatively small cluster of genes that may govern the behavior.

Allaying fears
As more and more hospitals move from old record keeping to digital electronic health record systems, some health-care experts have expressed fears the transition may disrupt care and lead to a spike in medical errors and death rates.

Butterflies use differences in leaf shape to distinguish between plants
The preference of Heliconius butterflies for certain leaf shapes is innate, but can be reversed through learning.

OU physicists developing new systems for next generation solar cells
University of Oklahoma physicists are developing novel technologies with the potential to impact utility-scale energy generation, increase global energy capacity and reduce dependence on fossil fuels by producing a new generation of high efficiency solar cells.

Severity of kyphosis and decline in lung function: The Framingham study
Researchers from the Harvard affiliated Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research, have published a recent article in Journals of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, suggesting that preventing or slowing progression of hyperkyphosis may reduce pulmonary decline in older adults.

New research adds evidence on potential treatments targeting amyloid beta in Alzheimer's
New research findings from the Center for Cognitive Neurology at NYU Langone Medical Center could provide additional clues for future treatment targets to delay Alzheimer's disease and related dementias.

Largest ever study reveals globally protected areas benefit broad range of species
The largest ever analysis of globally protected areas reveals for the first time that they do benefit a broad range of species.

Discovery of a novel gene for hereditary colon cancer
The formation of large numbers of polyps in the colon has a high probability of developing into colon cancer, if left untreated.

Do patients use online communications following a new breast cancer diagnosis?
Women who reported using online communication after a new breast cancer diagnosis largely used it for email or texting with less using social media and web-based support groups, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

Smartphone exercises for a better mood
Brief, directed smartphone exercises can help quickly improve our mood.

The risk of surgery for patients with obstructive sleep apnea
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea face an elevated risk of perioperative complications; the risk is even higher if the diagnosis has not been made before surgery.

Keep a lid on it: Utah State University geologists probe geological carbon storage
An international collaboration of scientists' research in an area of southeastern Utah, USA, reveals insights about the feasibility of storing carbon.

Russian scientists discover how certain proteins may help fight chlamydia
Scientists from MIPT in collaboration with researchers from other institutions have made an interesting discovery, which may help fight chlamydia infection -- one of the most widespread STDs in the world.  In their research they studied interaction of peptidoglycan recognition proteins with bacteria of chlamydias.

Monsoon intensity enhanced by heat captured by desert dust
Variations in the ability of sand particles kicked into the atmosphere from deserts in the Middle East to absorb heat can change the intensity of the Indian Summer Monsoon, according to new research from The University of Texas at Austin.

Penn study verifies human gene therapy in model of rare metabolic disorder
Researchers are closer to finding a better way to treat children with a rare metabolic disorder called MPS I.

Sustainable sensors to detect, predict muscle fatigue
A new study published in the ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology aims to take advantage of sweat's trove of medical information through the development of a sustainable, wearable sensor to detect lactate levels in your perspiration.

In France, hiring biases slightly favor women in male-dominated STEM fields
Women enjoy a slight advantage over men when applying to become science teachers in France, a new study suggests.

Two Oxford research discoveries offer hope for managing ovarian cancer
A protein discovery offers a possible test for ovarian cancer.

Compromise nearly guaranteed when a woman is involved in decision-making pairs
Compromise always occurs among two decision makers when a woman is involved (female pairs or mixed gender pairs) because compromise is consistent with feminine norms.

Open-source drug discovery a success
In what is being called the first-ever test of open-source drug-discovery, researchers from around the world have successfully identified compounds to pursue in treating and preventing parasite-borne illnesses such as malaria as well as cancer.

European regions unite to strengthen push for low carbon innovation
Following a competitive call and selection process in May and June, Climate-KIC -- the EU's public-private climate innovation initiative -- has announced it is expanding its climate innovation network to include five additional regions across Europe.

Should crime victims call the police?
New research from the University of Iowa finds that individuals who report being victims of crime to police are less likely to become future victims of crime than those who do not report their initial experiences.

Indian pedestrian, motorcycle deaths likely much higher than government data suggest
Official government statistics on traffic deaths in southwest India significantly misrepresented the number of pedestrian and motorcycle deaths in the region over a two-year period, casting doubt on the reliability of that country's government data on traffic fatalities, a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests.

Rapid evolution helps plants disperse in disrupted environments
When a plant evolves new traits, it can get a little boost in terms of its ability to spread through a uniform landscape, and a big boost in terms of its ability to spread through a landscape that's 'patchy,' a new experimental study shows.

Protein ZMYND8 tied to suppression of prostate cancer tumor metastasis
Although it reads like European license plate number, a protein known as ZMYND8 has demonstrated its ability to block metastasis-linked genes in prostate cancer, according to a study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Successful treatment for a severe case of fetal lung disorder CPAM
A medical team at Osaka University Hospital, Japan, has conducted successful treatment for the fetal lung disorder Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformattion, also known as Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation.

Mayo Clinic studying genomics of antiplatelet heart medication
TAILOR-PCI, which began in 2013 with study teams at 15 hospitals in the US, Canada and South Korea and plans to enroll 5,270 patients, just received an additional $7 million from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health, to complete the study.

First clinical guidelines in Canada for pain following spinal cord injury
Researchers at Lawson Health Research Institute are the first in Canada to develop clinical practice guidelines for managing neuropathic pain with patients who have experienced a spinal cord injury.

First whale detected by newly deployed acoustic buoy in New York Bight
A new acoustic buoy recently deployed by scientists from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and WCS's (Wildlife Conservation Society) New York Aquarium to listen for some of the world's biggest animals in the New York Bight has detected its first whale species, and it's a really big one.

Websites with history can be just as conversational as chatting with a person
A website with search and interaction history can be just as engaging as chatting with an online human agent, or robot helper, according to Penn State researchers.

New material could advance superconductivity
Scientists have looked for different ways to force hydrogen into a metallic state for decades. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to