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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | July 29, 2016


Cognitive ability varies, but prejudice is universal
A new study shows both high and low cognitive ability have distinct prejudices against particular groups.
Telestroke program closes gaps in treatment, increases access to timely stroke remedy
The use of a life-saving clot-dissolving treatment for patients with acute ischemic stroke increased by 73 percent following the implementation of a Kaiser Permanente telestroke program, according to a study published today in The Permanente Journal.
Triple-therapy patch delivers local treatment, prevents recurrence in colon cancer model
Investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a hydrogel patch that can adhere to tumors in a preclinical model of colon cancer, delivering a local, combination treatment as the elastic gel breaks down over time.
NASA's solar probe plus mission moves one step closer to launch
NASA's Solar Probe Plus -- the first mission that will fly into sun's upper atmosphere and 'touch' the sun -- has passed a design review, an important milestone leading to its anticipated summer 2018 launch.
Zika infection is caused by one virus serotype, NIH study finds
Vaccination against a single strain of Zika virus should be sufficient to protect against genetically diverse strains of the virus, according to a study conducted by investigators from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health; Washington University in St.
New method for making green LEDs enhances their efficiency and brightness
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign have developed a new method for making brighter and more efficient green light-emitting diodes.
Diamonds help generate new record for static pressures for study
An international team working at the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory has devised a method for achieving 1 terapascal of static pressure -- vastly higher than any previously reached.
Green monkeys acquired Staphylococcus aureus from humans
Many deadly diseases that afflict humans were originally acquired through contact with animals.
Lab method sheds light on how genetic mutations cause inherited Parkinson's disease
Scientists have developed a new method of measuring the activity of disease-causing mutations in the LRRK2 gene, a major cause of inherited Parkinson's disease.
KAIST develops ultrathin, transparent oxide thin-film transistors for wearable display
A research team led by Professors Keon Jae Lee and Sang-Hee Ko Park of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at KAIST has developed ultrathin and transparent oxide thin-film transistors for an active-matrix backplane of a flexible display by using the inorganic-based laser lift-off method.
Novel 'repair system' discovered in algae may yield new tools for biotechnology
The algae C. reinhardtii uses a novel system for releasing an interrupting sequence from a protein -- a technique that may be useful for protein purification.
NSF commits $35 million to improve scientific software
Scientists increasingly rely on computers to gain insights about the world through simulations, data analytics or visualizations that use scientific software.
Flexible building blocks of the future
A discovery by Tel Aviv University researchers may lead to more close-fitting, comfortable and user-friendly prosthetics.
Abundant and diverse ecosystem found in area targeted for deep-sea mining
In a study published in Scientific Reports, scientists discovered impressive abundance and diversity among the creatures living on the seafloor in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone -- an area in the equatorial Pacific Ocean being targeted for deep-sea mining.
ORNL-led study analyzes electric grid vulnerabilities in extreme weather areas
Climate and energy scientists have developed a new method to pinpoint which electrical service areas will be most vulnerable as populations grow and temperatures rise.
MSU to lead multi-university language learning effort
Michigan State University will use a three-year $1.2 million grant from The Andrew W.
WHOI announces 2016 Ocean Science Journalism Fellows
Seven writers, radio, and multimedia science journalists from the US, England, and India have been selected to participate in the competitive Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Ocean Science Journalism Fellowship program.
Pathway signatures in lung and liver fibrosis and glaucoma may play a role in aging
Scientists utilized the new software tool, Regeneration Intelligence, to evaluate the perturbation status of signaling pathways.
Krüppel-like factor 12 promotes colorectal cancer via early growth response protein 1
Medical University of South Carolina investigators report preclinical research showing that Krüppel-like factor 12 promotes colorectal cancer cell growth by activating early growth response protein 1, in the July 2016 issue of PLOS One.
UNIST named among global 'Rising Stars' by Nature Index
The 2016 Nature Index has named Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology among the the list of the top 100 world-leading institutions for high-quality science.
Molecular troublemakers instead of antibiotics?
They may be slimy, but they are a perfect environment for microorganisms: biofilms.
Replication project investigates self-control as limited resource
A new research replication project, involving 24 labs and over 2,100 participants, failed to reproduce findings from a previous study that suggested that self-control is a depletable resource.
Northwell Health awarded $1.5m to test home-based pulmonary rehab for Hispanic patients
Feinstein Institute received $1.5 million from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute to study home-based pulmonary rehabilitation.
Inflammatory response to ceramic scaffolds promotes bone regeneration
Drexel University researchers have identified how inflammation, when precisely controlled, is crucial to bone repair.
Lattice structure absorbs vibrations
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a lattice structure capable of absorbing a wide range of vibrations while also being useful as a load-bearing component -- for example, in propellers, rotors and rockets.
Breastfeeding associated with better brain development and neurocognitive outcomes
A new study, which followed 180 pre-term infants from birth to age seven, found that babies who were fed more breast milk within the first 28 days of life had had larger volumes of certain regions of the brain at term equivalent and had better IQs, academic achievement, working memory, and motor function.
Scientists identify immunological profiles of people who make powerful HIV antibodies
People living with HIV who naturally produce broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) that may help suppress the virus have different immunological profiles than people who do not, NIAID-supported researchers report.
Rice crops that can save farmers money and cut pollution
A new U of T Scarborough study has identified 'superstar' varieties of rice that can reduce fertilizer loss and cut down on environmental pollution in the process.
The heart-brain connection: The link between LQTS and seizures
Patients carrying certain mutations that cause Long QT Syndrome, a rare cardiac rhythm disorder, have an increased risk for developing seizures and have more severe cardiac symptoms.
NASA infrared imagery shows new tropical depression coming together
Tropical Depression 06W appeared to be consolidating and coming together in infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite.
Fish oil vs. lard -- why some fat can help or hinder your diet
A diet high in saturated fat can make your brain struggle to control what you eat, says a new study in Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience.
Tracking how HIV disrupts immune system informs vaccine development
One of the main mysteries confounding development of an HIV vaccine is why some people infected with the virus make the desired antibodies after several years, but a vaccine can't seem to induce the same response.
Portable device produces biologic drugs on demand
A portable production system, designed to manufacture a range of biopharmaceuticals on demand, has been developed by researchers at MIT, with funding from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
Scientists find a way of acquiring graphene-like films from salts to boost nanoelectronics
Scientists from our university have found a way to acquire 2-D graphene-like layers of various salts.
Researchers pinpoint abrupt onset of modern day Indian Ocean monsoon system
A new study by an international team of scientists reveals the exact timing of the onset of the modern monsoon pattern in the Maldives 12.9 million years ago, and its connection to past climate changes and coral reefs in the region.
PPPL applies quantum theory and Einstein's special relativity to plasma physics issues
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory have developed a theory of plasma waves that can infer these properties in greater detail than in standard approaches.
Researchers find molecular switch that triggers bacterial pathogenicity
A new study led by scientists at Berkeley Lab has revealed that the supercoiling of bacterial chromosomes around histone-like proteins can trigger the expression of genes that make the microbe invasive.
Adolescent exposure to drugs, alcohol fuels use in adulthood
Teenagers who have easy access to drugs and alcohol in the home are more likely to drink and do drugs in their early and late 20s.
New fossil evidence supports theory that first mass extinction engineered by early animals
Newly discovered fossil evidence from Namibia strengthens the proposition that the world's first mass extinction was caused by 'ecosystem engineers' -- newly evolved biological organisms that altered the environment so radically it drove older species to extinction.
MSU criminologist investigates public safety consolidation
In the first comprehensive work of its kind, a Michigan State University criminologist has completed a study on the implementation and outcomes of public safety consolidation -- the merging of a city's police and fire departments.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory chemist named Howes Scholar
Lawrence Fellow Aurora Pribram-Jones is one of two recipients of the Howes Scholar award presented by the Department of Energy Computational Science Graduate Fellowship Program at its annual program review.
Selfie righteous: New tool corrects angles and distances in portraits
For all their raging popularity, selfies can often be misrepresentative, even unflattering, but Princeton University researchers have unveiled a new method for transforming these individual self-portraits.
A research project coordinated by UC3M helps reduce the cost of parallel computing
The European research project REPARA, which is nearing completion under the coordination of Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, has worked toward improving parallel computing applications for reducing costs, increasing performance, and improving energy efficiency, in addition to facilitating the maintenance of the source code.
The discovery of new emission lines from highly charged heavy ions
The National Institutes of Natural Sciences National Institute for Fusion Science, in a joint research project undertaken together with Sophia University and others, introduced a variety of heavy elements into a high-temperature plasma produced in the Large Helical Device.
Data center wins $25 million NIH grant to find ways to improve clinical trials
The National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences is bestowing the grants in its push to make clinical trials more efficient and get translational research findings into clinical use faster.
Knots in chaotic waves
New research, using computer models of wave chaos, has shown that three-dimensional tangled vortex filaments can in fact be knotted in many highly complex ways.
Frequent nut consumption associated with less inflammation
In a study of more than 5,000 people, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital have found that greater intake of nuts was associated with lower levels of biomarkers of inflammation, a finding that may help explain the health benefits of nuts.
Teasing out the microbiome of the Kansas prairie
PNNL scientists have untangled a soil metagenome -- all the genetic material recovered from a sample of soil -- more fully than ever before, reconstructing portions of the genomes of 129 species of microbes.
Collaboration between Schaeffler and FAU
SHARE at FAU is the name of the new scientific collaboration project between Schaeffler and the Friedrich-Alexander Universität of Erlangen-Nürnberg.

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