Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 02, 2016
Underreporting of Zika is rife; researchers project epidemic's spread
A new study led by Northeastern researcher Alessandro Vespignani reveals a large disparity between the number of reported and projected Zika cases.

Heritability of thoracic spine curvature
Researchers from the Harvard affiliated Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research recently published a study in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, suggesting that hyperkyphosis may be heritable, or passed on from parents to offspring.

Glucose transporters blocked in bacterial meningitis
CHLA researchers report that glucose transporters, which transfer glucose from the blood to the brain, are inhibited by E. coli K1 during bacterial meningitis, leaving insufficient fuel for immune cells to fight off infection.

UTA aerospace engineering graduate first to flight test UAV with mass-actuated controls
A recently graduated University of Texas at Arlington student is the first person to successfully flight test an unmanned aerial vehicle that uses moving weights in its wings instead of traditional control surfaces or ailerons to turn.

Tropical Storm Earl forms in Caribbean Sea
The fifth tropical cyclone of the Atlantic Ocean hurricane season formed today in the Caribbean Sea.

University of Leicester discovery sheds light on how vertebrates see
Discovery identifies details in eyes of 300-million-year-old lamprey and hagfish fossils.

Hidden tooth infections may predispose people to heart disease
According to a study carried out at the University of Helsinki, an infection of the root tip of a tooth increases the risk of coronary artery disease, even if the infection is symptomless.

Crystallization frustration predicts metallic glass formation
Researchers have discovered a way to predict which alloys will form metallic glasses, materials with numerous desirable properties.

Combat exposure may jeopardize the behavioral health of women in the military
In a recent study, combat exposure among Army enlisted women was associated with an increased likelihood of developing behavioral health problems post-deployment, including post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and at-risk drinking.

Scientists discover new function of FHY3 in plant meristem determinacy and maintenance
A research group led by Professor Liu Xigang from the Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in collaboration with Professor Liu Renyi from the Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences of CAS discovered a new function of FAR-RED ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL3 (FHY3) in plant meristem determinacy and maintenance by regulating SEPALLATA2 (SEP2) and CLAVATA3 (CLV3) expression.

TSRI researchers find 'lead actors' in immune cell development
A new study, led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute, reveals a surprising twist in immune biology, suggesting that members of a cluster of microRNAs work together throughout the different stages of immune cell generation.

What can a sea-lion teach us about musicality?
Ronan the sea lion can keep the beat better than any other animal, a study published in Frontiers in Neuroscience found out more.

'Virtual dental homes' prove safe, effective in six-year California study
Teledentistry can safely and effectively deliver dental care to people who lack it, according to a six-year demonstration project led by University of the Pacific's Arthur A.

Research reveals cancer pathway to spreading through the body
Cancer cells need oxygen to survive, as do most other life forms, but scientists had never tracked their search for oxygen in their early growth stages until now -- a step toward a deeper understanding of one way cancer spreads that could help treat the disease.

New study supports link between alcohol advertising and adolescent drinking
A study published today in the scientific journal Addiction finds that exposure to several different types of alcohol marketing is positively associated with the amount and frequency of drinking among adolescents across Europe.

Bacteria show capacity for rapid, beneficial mutations
Researchers studying tens of thousands of generations of E. coli bacteria report that most new genetic mutations that were passed down were actually beneficial and occurred at much more variable rates than previously thought.

Alzheimer's Association issues $7 million challenge to scientists to speed drug discovery
The Alzheimer's Association, in partnership with a fundraising initiative led by philanthropist Michaela 'Mikey' Hoag, announces a new $7 million investment in clinical trials that target brain inflammation as an innovative avenue for Alzheimer's disease therapy.

Lack of pharmacy access sends some patients back to the hospital
Hospital readmissions, a $17 billion annual problem, are higher in rural, remote or smaller communities that sometimes have significantly less access to pharmacies, according to a study published today that was one of the first to examine this issue.

Study compares treatments to improve kidney outcomes for patients with septic shock
Early use of vasopressin to treat septic shock did not improve the number of kidney failure-free days compared with norepinephrine, according to a study appearing in the Aug.

Treatment strategy under development has 2 arms to get a secure grip on cancer
Scientists have engineered a sort of biological barbell that can get inside cancer cells and do damage to two proteins that work independently and together to enable cancer's survival and spread.

Ultracompact photodetector
Data traffic is growing worldwide. Glass-fiber cables transmit information over distances at the speed of light.

'Starving' immune cell discovery points to cancer immunotherapy-boosting strategies
The microenvironment that supports a cancerous tumor also starves the immune cells that the body sends in to destroy the cancer, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute scientists revealed in a discovery that holds the potential to significantly boost the performance of breakthrough immunotherapy drugs.

Study: Substitute teachers and replacement nurses may cause disease to spread faster
A new study shows that substitute workers can explosively accelerate the spread of some epidemics.

Echo templates aid mental mapping in bats
A study published in eLife provides new insights on how bats recognize their surroundings to help them build mental maps.

Study examines use of off-site monitoring of cardiac telemetry and clinical outcomes
Among non-critically ill patients, use of standardized cardiac telemetry with an off-site central monitoring unit was associated with detection and notification of cardiac rhythm and rate changes within one hour prior to the majority of emergency response team activations, and also with a reduction in the number of monitored patients, without an increase in cardiopulmonary arrest events, according to a study appearing in the Aug.

Oxford University Press to publish American Journal of Comparative Law
Oxford University Press (OUP) has signed an agreement with the American Society of Comparative Law (ASCL) to publish the American Journal of Comparative Law (AJCL), the leading journal in the field, from January 2017.

New metamaterials can change properties with a flick of a light-switch
Invisibility cloaks have less to do with magic than with metamaterials.

Flow diagnostics breakthrough for hydraulic capsule pipeline
Pipelines that carry capsules containing almost any type of freight over long distances have the potential to become an important, cost-effective and environmentally friendly form of transportation.

Bridging the gap between the quantum and classical worlds
Strong coupling in specific light-matter interactions, previously believed to be a quantum phenomenon, is explained with classical models and experiments.

Oregon research points to mechanisms on why 'green' helps in urban life
New research finds that airborne bacterial communities differ from one urban park to the next but those of parking lots are alike -- and differ from those of parks in subtle but potentially important ways.

New partnership to boost Asia-Pacific conservation
The University of Adelaide and global organization Conservation International (CI) today announced a strategic partnership that will help boost conservation efforts in the Asia-Pacific region, including a global conservation drone program.

PharmaMar initiates a pivotal Phase III ATLANTIS study with PM1183 in SCLC
PharmaMar today announced the start of a pivotal Phase III ATLANTIS study evaluating efficacy and safety of PM1183 in combination with doxorubicin versus topotecan or the combination VCR in patients with small cell lung cancer after the failure of one prior platinum-containing line.

How 5-star online customer reviews can backfire
The more positive online reviews a product gets may actually lead to a net negative profit for the retailer.

UTA psychologist studies how fluctuating hormones affect female vulnerability to cocaine addiction
Researchers at the University of Texas at Arlington are studying how fluctuating estrogen levels make females increasingly sensitive to the rewarding effects of cocaine and ultimately, vulnerable to cocaine addiction.

NASA catches visible and infrared views of Tropical Storm Howard
NASA's Aqua satellite provided forecasters with visible and infrared imagery of Tropical Storm Howard as it continued moving west through the waters of the Eastern Pacific Ocean on Aug.

Chondroitin + glucosamine sulfate may provide no benefits for patients with knee osteoarthritis
Chondroitin sulfate plus glucosamine sulfate was no better than placebo for reducing pain and function impairment in a multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study of 164 patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Mobile Scan and Pay Technology could promote supermarket theft, study suggests
University of Leicester criminologists author new report on retail Mobile Scanning and Pay (MSP) technology

Unlocking the secrets of creeping concrete
Concrete is everywhere -- a ubiquity owed to its strength as a building material.

Population boom preceded early farming
University of Utah anthropologists counted the number of carbon-dated artifacts at archaeological sites and concluded that a population boom and scarce food explain why people in eastern North America domesticated plants for the first time on the continent about 5,000 years ago.

Research targets number one killer of under-5s
Oxford researchers are developing a tool to make it much easier and cheaper to diagnose pneumonia -- the number one killer of children under 5.

Rat whiskers shed light on how neurons communicate touch
Mathematical and mechanical modeling shows that whisker sensory neurons fundamentally encode mechanical information.

More accurate prostate cancer prognosis
Men diagnosed with prostate cancer can be provided with a more accurate estimate of their risk of death from the disease, and treatment planned accordingly, according to a Research Article published by Vincent J.

Press invited to annual meeting of ENTs, head and neck surgeons
The 2016 Annual Meeting & OTO EXPOSM of the American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery Foundation will be held September 18-21 in San Diego.

Study uses GPS technology to predict football injuries
Footballers' injuries may be predicted by looking at players' workloads during training and competition, according to new research.

International award for Strathclyde chemistry lecturer
A senior lecturer in Chemistry at the University of Strathclyde has won an international award for achievements in his field, including the development of techniques for diagnosing brain tumors.

T cell revival through PD-1: Clues for cancer immunotherapy
Scientists from Emory Vaccine Center show what molecular features distinguish the subset of exhausted T cells that can be re-energized, when mice with chronic viral infections are treated with PD-1-blocking agents.

Researchers image brain cells' reactions to concussive trauma
Using a laboratory device that can deliver concussive impacts to cell cultures and image the aftermath in real time, researchers from Brown University are gaining new insight into how brain cells react to trauma.

Collateral harm: The impact of Ebola and related fears on facility-based child deliveries
The first known household survey examining the collateral harm to pregnancy services in areas affected by the West African Ebola epidemic suggests a significant slide backwards in child and maternal health.

Cardiac complications from energy drinks? Case report adds new evidence
The high levels of caffeine in energy drinks may lead to cardiac complications, suggests a case report in the July/August Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine.

Promising peer mentoring program for early career gero-nursing faculty
Now more than ever there is the dire need for mentors in the field of geriatric nursing, Surveying the experiences of mentors and mentees, the evaluation examines areas of need for sustaining the program into the future and the potential for application to other fields in nursing and health sciences.

Patented bioelectrodes have electrifying taste for waste
New research at Michigan State University and published in the current issue of Nature Communications shows how Geobacter bacteria grow as films on electrodes and generate electricity -- a process that's ready to be scaled up to industrial levels.

The Lancet: Infections with the parasitic worm W bancrofti associated with increased risk of HIV infection, according to Tanzanian study
People infected with a parasitic worm called Wuchereria bancrofti in areas where HIV is endemic may be more likely to acquire HIV than people who are not infected with the worm, according to a new study in southwest Tanzania, published in The Lancet.

SwRI space scientists observe Io's atmospheric collapse during eclipse
A Southwest Research Institute-led team has documented atmospheric changes on Io, Jupiter's volcanically active satellite, as the giant planet casts its shadow over the moon's surface during daily eclipses.

Child's home address can help guide health care
A child's home address may be enough information to identify children and families at risk for more severe cases of asthma due to social and economic hardships.

UTA Institute of Urban Studies to develop proposals for growth at Dallas Executive Airport
The city of Dallas has tapped the University of Texas at Arlington to examine how future enhancements at the airport in south Oak Cliff could spur economic growth and enhance the quality of life for surrounding neighborhoods.

Many physicians still prescribe controversial drug combination
Safety concerns of the concomitant use of clopidogrel with the proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) omeprazole or esomeprazole were published in May 2009 and February 2010 by European regulatory agencies.

Reach in and touch objects in videos
A new technique called Interactive Dynamic Video (IDV) lets you reach in and 'touch' objects in videos.

Vaccines fail to protect obese mice from severe influenza infections
A study led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital found that obese mice are not protected against influenza infections by vaccines that include adjuvants, raising concerns about vaccine effectiveness in obese humans who are known to be at an increased risk for severe flu.

New UK consortium to explore use of magnetic skyrmions in data storage
The use of nanoscale magnetic whirlpools, known as magnetic skyrmions, to create novel and efficient ways to store data will be explored in a new £7 million research program led by Durham University.

IBS finds another aged problem of how naïve t cells decline with age
The Academy of Immunology & Microbiology discovers the loss of naïve T cells is from deterioration in the environment that supports T cells.

UTHealth research shows that Brighter Bites helps children, families eat healthier
Brighter Bites, a school-based program that combines the distribution of donated produce with nutritional education and a fun food experience for low-income families in food desert areas, was successful in improving the intake of fruits and vegetables in first-grade children and their parents, according to a new study by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

US issues patent for Valley Fever detection technology developed by TGen and NAU
Valley Fever, a potentially deadly dust-borne fungal disease, should be easier to diagnose and treat thanks to a testing technology developed by the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and Northern Arizona University (NAU), and now protected by a patent issued today by the US Patent and Trademark Office.

Rapid bacterial infection test reduces antibiotic use
A trial of a 5-minute test at ten primary care centres in Vietnam reduced antibiotic use for respiratory infections.

Low rate of Internet use by seniors for health purposes
In a study appearing in the Aug. 2 issue of JAMA, David M.

Colonel Sanders was ahead of his time
A team of marketing experts has demonstrated that including even a photo of a store or of a business owner on a shopping site -- something visual and representational -- can encourage wary buyers to make a purchase from a vendor with which they were unfamiliar.

Secretary Vilsack announces $36.5 million for specialty crop investments
Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced 19 grants totaling $36.5 million for research and extension to support American farmers growing fruits and vegetables, tree nuts, dried fruits, horticulture and nursery crops including floriculture.

Flexible wearable electronic skin patch offers new way to monitor alcohol levels
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a flexible wearable sensor that can accurately measure a person's blood alcohol level from sweat and transmit the data wirelessly to a laptop, smartphone or other mobile device.

NASA sees Typhoon Nida make landfall
NASA's Terra satellite flew over Typhoon Nida shortly after it made landfall just north of Hong Kong.

'Red gene' in birds and turtles suggests dinosaurs had bird-like color vision
A gene for red color vision that originated in the reptile lineage around 250 million years ago has resulted in the bright red bird feathers and 'painted' turtles we see today, and may be evidence that dinosaurs could see as many shades of red as birds -- and perhaps even displayed more red than we might think.

The great evolutionary smoke out: An advantage for modern humans?
A genetic mutation may have helped modern humans adapt to smoke exposure from fires and perhaps sparked an evolutionary advantage over Neandertals, according to a team of Penn State researchers.

Stem cells may speed up screening of drugs for rare cancers
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center say they have developed a system that uses transformed human stem cells to speed up screening of existing drugs that might work against rare brain and other cancers.

Lower weight in late life may increase risk of Alzheimer's disease
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital have found an association between lower weight and more extensive deposits of the Alzheimer's-associated protein beta-amyloid in the brains of cognitively normal older individuals.

Social media helps diagnose parasitic disease in teen travelers
A new report details how physicians and patients used social media to help diagnose cutaneous leishmaniasis in a group of teens who traveled on a youth adventure trip to Israel.

NASA looks at historic flooding from slow-moving Maryland storms
NASA analyzed rainfall data from slow-moving storms that triggered flash floods over parts of central Maryland and caused devastating flooding in historic Ellicott City, Md.

Promoting regulatory T cell production may help control atherosclerosis
This month in the JCI, work led by Catherine Hedrick at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology uncovered a pathway that controls the balance between pro-inflammatory and regulatory T cells and may influence the progression of atherosclerosis.

Think millennials are the 'hookup generation?' You're wrong, says FAU sex study
Young American adults aren't doing it as often as you'd think.

Reducing 'mean girl' behaviors in classrooms benefits boys and teachers too
When a targeted program to reduce relational aggression among at-risk girls is shared with the entire classroom, the entire class benefits -- not just the aggressive girls for whom the program was developed.

Clinical usefulness of bone turnover marker concentrations in osteoporosis
A new IFCC-IOF review finds lack of comparability between current clinical assays for CTX is evident, indicating possible limitations of combining such data for meta-analyses; to improve interpretation of patient results harmonization of units for reporting serum/plasma CTX (ng/L) and PINP (μg/L) is recommended.

Mapping the exotic matter inside neutron stars
Scientists performed the first accurate determination of the thermodynamic properties of dense quark matter under violent conditions that occur during neutron star mergers, and suggest a step towards distinguishing between neutron and quark matter cores in neutron stars.

Scientists model the 'flicker' of gluons in subatomic smashups
A new study just published in Physical Review Letters reveals that a high degree of gluon fluctuation -- a kind of flickering rearrangement in the distribution of gluon density within individual protons -- could help explain some of the remarkable results at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider -- a US Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility for nuclear physics research at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory -- and also in nuclear physics experiments at the Large Hadron Collider in Europe.

Creating bigger, better and more joined-up habitat networks
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have developed a new 'route planner' tool that could help conservationists aid the movement of species as they adapt to a changing climate.

FIGHT study proves type-2 diabetes therapy ineffective in the treatment of high-risk heart failure patients
In an attempt to correct defects in the energy generation that contribute to poor pump function among heart failure patients, researchers examined whether the diabetes drug liraglutide, could improve the condition of patients with advanced heart failure.

PET imaging of adult neurogenesis may contribute to better diagnosis of depression and evaluation of
Scientists from the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technology (CLST) in Japan have used a new non-invasive PET scanning technique to obtain images of neuron proliferation in the subventricular zone and subgranular zone of the hippocampal dentate gyrus.

At least 1 in 10 young people in Britain report a recent distressing sexual problem
Around one in 10 young men and one in eight young women in Britain who are sexually active have experienced a distressing sexual problem lasting at least three months in the past year, according to new research published in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Maternal health services were disrupted during the Ebola epidemic in rural Liberia
Facility-based deliveries were reduced by approximately 8 percent during the Ebola epidemic in rural Liberia, according to a study by John Kraemer from the Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., USA, and colleagues, published in PLOS Medicine.

Giant forest fires exterminate spotted owls, long-term study finds
Could periodic forest thinning and prescribed burns intended to prevent dangerous

Adolescent depression in girls offset by presence of 'boomerang father'
A study of the impact of 'boomerang fathers' -- those who cycle in and out of their children's lives -- found they provided a type of stability in a daughter's life that staved off her depressive symptoms compared to those adolescent girls whose fathers were completely absent.

Experts assess changes to breast cancer screening recommendations
A new article discusses the evidentiary support for the recent changes made by the American Cancer Society in its recommendations for breast cancer screening.

Alaska research center moves science from bench to bedside
Alaska and Montana have formed a collaborative clinical and translational research center to address the health priorities of Alaska Native and American Indian people.

Drug does not improve outcomes for patients with advanced heart failure
Among patients recently hospitalized with heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; a measure of heart function), the use of the drug liraglutide did not lead to greater post-hospitalization clinical stability, according to a study appearing in the Aug.

Dartmouth Institute receives PCORI award to study use of decision aids in breast cancer treatment
A research team at The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice has received a $2 million funding award from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute to conduct a research project that is likely to change the way women and their doctors make decisions about breast cancer surgery.

Longer duration of untreated childhood schizophrenia-spectrum psychosis predicts poorer outcomes
A review of 35 studies of early-onset schizophrenia-spectrum psychosis (EOS) identified the most common psychotic symptoms and the disorders that most often co-occur in children and adolescents with EOS.

Police Training Institute challenges police recruits' racial biases
In early 2014, months before the police shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, and shortly after the Black Lives Matter movement got its start, Michael Schlosser, the director of the Police Training Institute at the University of Illinois, began offering police recruits classes that challenged their views about race and racism, introduced them to critical race theory and instructed them in methods to de-escalate potentially volatile encounters with members of minority groups.

Penn Alzheimer's Disease Center to receive $8.8 million in NIH funding
The University of Pennsylvania's Alzheimer's Disease Core Center has been awarded an estimated $8.8 million over five years from the National Institute on Aging to continue its mission of investigating mechanisms, diagnostics, treatments and strategies for Alzheimer's Disease and related dementias including Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's disease dementia, Lewy Body dementia and frontotemporal lobar degeneration.

Cancer checkpoint drug target governs metabolic changes in exhausted T cells
Reprogramming of the molecular pathways underlying normal metabolism is essential for T cell infection-fighting and for the immune system to form 'memory' of the microbes it has encountered.

Personalized virtual brains: Big data -- big theory
The brain is an highly complex system, much remains to be known about the way in which individual components of the brain interact in order to produce cognitive performance.

High schoolers with mental health issues more likely to use alcohol, tobacco, & marijuana
Researchers studied the relationship between psychiatric symptoms and patterns of substance use among high school students in Brazil and found that respondents with clinically significant scores on a screening questionnaire were more likely to use alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana in the past month versus those without symptoms.

Laser nudges may help destroy space debris threatening communications, navigation on Earth
Man-made debris from inactive satellites and obsolete space missions pose ongoing threats to active communication and navigation satellites -- and the humans on Earth who depend upon them.

Researchers study impact of extreme weather events on striped bass
Thanks to global warming, waterways that make up important habitat for fish are likely to experience an increased frequency of such extreme conditions.

Depression screening tools not accurate for children and adolescents
There is insufficient evidence to show that any of the short questionnaires used by physicians to ask about symptoms of depression accurately screen 6- to 18-year-olds for the disease.

Proton pinball on the catalyst
Thanks to a reaction that resembles a sort of proton pinball game, a thin layer of moisture on the surface of a catalysts can improve the efficiency of fuel cells, devices used to transform chemical energy (a fuel like hydrogen, for example) directly into electricity without releasing greenhouse gases in emissions.

Tracking down the first chefs
A piece of experimental research led by Antonio J. Romero at the UPV/EHU's Department of Geography, History and Archaeology and published in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, has shown that human bites on bones have distinctive features allowing them to be differentiated from the bites made by other animals, and that cooking the meat in advance influences the appearance of these marks.

Do eco-friendly wines taste better?
It's time to toast environmentally friendly grapes. A new UCLA study shows that eco-certified wine tastes better -- and making the choice even easier, earlier research shows it's often cheaper, too.

Study: Caring for elderly stroke survivors costs an estimated $40 billion per year
It's assumed that family and friends will help out in the event of a medical crisis, but that's not always feasible.

Where there's smoke -- and a mutation -- there may be an evolutionary edge for humans
A genetic mutation may have helped modern humans adapt to smoke exposure from fires and perhaps sparked an evolutionary advantage over their archaic competitors, including Neandertals, according to a team of researchers.

Adis launches new open access pharmacoeconomics journal
Adis, a leading global provider of drug information, is launching a new open access pharmacoeconomics journal, which will be added to their portfolio in 2017.

Managing uncertainty: How soil carbon feedbacks could affect climate change
A new Yale-led paper makes the case that developing meaningful climate projections depends upon a better understanding of the role of 'soil carbon turnover.'

Hysterectomy with ovary conservation doubles odds of hot flushes, night sweats
Researcher has shown that hysterectomy doubles the odds of a woman enduring persistent hot flushes and night sweats, even if they retain their ovaries.

How effective are personalized political ads on Facebook?
In this election year, political advertising on social networking sites such as Facebook is increasingly making use of personalized ads to target specific social media users.

Millennials less sexually active than Gen-X peers
Since time immemorial, older generations have fretted over the sexual habits of young people.

Trees on farms: The missing link in carbon accounting
While tropical forests continued to decline, a remarkable change is happening: tree cover on agricultural land has increased across the globe, capturing nearly 0.75 Gigatonnes carbon dioxide every year.

Vaccine partnership raises hope for millions
Griffith University will partner with a Chinese pharmaceutical, Olymvax Biopharmaceuticals Inc. for a new vaccine that could benefit millions.

Additives to boost vaccine responses not sufficient to protect obese mice from influenza
Adjuvants -- ingredients added to vaccinations for influenza and other viruses to help boost their effectiveness -- can increase a host's immune response but not enough to protect the obese against the ill effects of the flu, according to a mouse study published this week in mBio®, an online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Research shows relationships key to improving financial aid decisions
At the University of Missouri, initiatives within the financial aid office, backed by new research from the Truman School of Public Affairs, are showing that establishing relationships, more than merely providing information, is important when helping students make better financial decisions.

NASA's new CO2 sounder nearly ready for prime time
Ten years in the making, a new NASA instrument would measure atmospheric carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, with laser accuracy -- literally.

NJIT receives grant to help protect New Jersey communities and ecosystems against flooding
The Center for Resilient Design at New Jersey Institute of Technology, part of the university's College of Architecture and Design, has received a two-year grant from the New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium to develop ways to protect ecosystems and their surrounding communities from flood waters.

UTSW study finds innate immunity connection to rare, fatal childhood disease
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found an important innate immunity role for a gene linked to a rare, fatal syndrome in children.

Discovery of male-harming DNA mutation reinforces 'mother's curse' hypothesis
A male-harming DNA mutation has been discovered in Drosophila that demonstrates that the 'mother's curse' -- the possibility that moms may transmit genes to their children that harm their sons but not their daughters - holds true in animals.

Study shows cell-free DNA sequencing is more accurate for diagnosing myelodysplastic syndrome
Using next-generation sequencing methods to analyze cell-free DNA in the blood of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome yields more accurate results than the current standard approach of Sanger sequencing.

Springer publishes HCNA learning guide for Huawei
Springer, part of Springer Nature, has published for Huawei Technologies an English-language technical reference book entitled HCNA Networking Study Guide in support of the ICT multinational's HCNA (Huawei Certified Network Associate) Series Certifications. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to