Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 04, 2016
Hotpots of US coastline susceptible to contamination
Groundwater discharge into the oceans may impair water quality along one-fifth of the coastal United States, a new study reports.

NASA releases 'Omics: Advancing personalized medicine from space to Earth'
NASA's Human Research Program (HRP) is releasing the video 'Omics: Advancing Personalized Medicine from Space to Earth', to highlight its Twins Study, coinciding with National Twins Days.

AGA establishes NIH-funded registry to track fecal microbiota transplants
The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) announces that it has received funding from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health to launch the first national registry assessing short- and long-term patient outcomes associated with fecal microbiota transplantation.

Air pollution may shorten survival of patients with lung cancer
Air pollution may shorten the survival of patients with lung cancer, suggests a population based study, published online in the journal Thorax.

UBC takes steps toward examining the DNA of the world's wine regions
UBC researchers are one step closer to identifying the biological personalities of the world's greatest wines.

Vaccine candidates protect against Zika virus in rhesus monkeys
An Army-developed ZIKV purified inactivated virus Zika vaccine candidate provided robust protection against the virus in rhesus monkeys in a new preclinical study.

Looking back into the future: Are corals able to resist a declining pH?
Tropical Porites corals adjust their internal pH to enable themselves to form calcium carbonate and grow under elevated carbon dioxide concentrations -- even for a longer period of time.

Preclinical evaluation of a vaccine against herpes viruses
In this issue of JCI Insight, researchers from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine report a promising vaccine strategy for immunizing against both HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections.

Pancreatic cancer resists personalized medicine -- what researchers are doing to fight back
A team led by University of Arizona researchers is taking a new, patient-directed approach to treating pancreatic cancer.

Newly discovered 'blue whirl' fire tornado burns cleaner for reduced emissions
University of Maryland researchers say their discovery of a type of fire tornado they call a 'blue whirl' could lead to beneficial new approaches for reduced carbon emissions and improved oil spill cleanup.

Biofuel production technique could reduce cost, antibiotics use
A new technique from MIT gives biofuel-producing microbes the upper hand against unwanted invaders.

Analysis of metastatic prostate cancers suggests treatment options
Cancer researchers have applied a comprehensive set of analytical tools to lethal cases of metastatic prostate cancer, yielding a detailed map of the complex networks of interactions among genes and proteins that enable prostate cancer cells to proliferate and evade treatment.

New analytical tool for fluorescence detection of double-stranded RNA
Ribonucleic acid binding fluorescent probes have been powerful and important analytical tools for the study of RNA structures and functions.

Zika vaccines offer full protection to monkeys
Analysis of three types of Zika vaccines reveal that they are effective at protecting rhesus monkeys from the virus, a new study reports.

Acupuncture may help to improve dementia precursor -- impaired memory
Acupuncture may help to improve the subtle memory loss that precedes the development of dementia, otherwise known as mild cognitive impairment, or MCI for short, suggests a review of the available published evidence in Acupuncture in Medicine.

Survey: Vision health a priority
Most respondents across all ethnic and racial groups surveyed described loss of eyesight as the worst ailment that could happen to them when ranked against other conditions including loss of limb, memory, hearing, or speech, and indicated high support for ongoing research for vision and eye health, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

IU study finds despite expectations of privacy, one in four share sexts
A new study from Indiana University researchers shows that although most people who engage in sexting expect their messages to remain private, nearly one in four people are sharing the sexual messages they receive.

Fibroblast growth factor signalling controls fin regeneration in zebrafish
Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology found that fibroblast growth factors (Fgfs) play an important role in regeneration of damaged fins in zebrafish, offering potential clues on tissue regeneration in other species.

Cornell scientists convert carbon dioxide, create electricity
Cornell University scientists have developed an oxygen-assisted aluminum/carbon dioxide power cell that uses electrochemical reactions to both sequester the carbon dioxide and produce electricity.

Penn researchers improve computer modeling for designing drug-delivery nanocarriers
A team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has developed a computer model that will aid in the design of nanocarriers, microscopic structures used to guide drugs to their targets in the body.

Vitamin A metabolism is linked to eye tissue fibrosis and scarring
In this issue of JCI Insight, two related studies report on the underlying cause of fibrosis in the eye and implicate an important role for vitamin A metabolism.

NIH funds KOMP2 at the Jackson Laboratory
The National Institutes of Health will award a total of $28,305,235 to the Jackson Laboratory over five years to fund phase 2 of the Knockout Mouse Production and Phenotyping Project (KOMP2).

Engineering adult stem cells to regenerate tissue twice as fast
Kelly Schultz, assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at Lehigh University, received a three-year NIH grant to study how cells remodel their microenvironment -- a crucial step toward engineering cells to move through synthetic material and tissue more quickly for faster wound healing and tissue regeneration.

Three vaccine approaches protect monkeys against Zika infection
Three different investigational Zika virus vaccine platforms--an inactivated virus vaccine, a DNA-based vaccine, and an adenovirus vector-based vaccine--protected against infection, induced immune responses, and produced no adverse side effects when tested in rhesus macaques challenged with the Zika virus, according to findings appearing August 4 in the journal Science.

Clarifying the fusion plasma confinement improvement mechanism
At the National Institutes of Natural Sciences, National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS), as a result of measuring electric potential of JFT-2M tokamak plasma using the

To beat hypertension, take the 'clinic' to the people
Eliminating racial disparities in the outcomes of programs to control blood pressure can be accomplished with a few one-on-one coaching sessions delivered by health professionals -- but not if the program requires people to get to a clinic, according to results of a new Johns Hopkins Medicine study.

Dot-drawing with drones
You may have heard of plans to use drones for delivering packages, monitoring wildlife, or tracking storms.

NASA's GPM sees towering thunderstorms in intensifying Tropical Storm Earl
Tropical storm Earl has been intensifying as it moves through the Caribbean Sea.

Ecologists don their research in an 'eco-fashion' show at #ESA2016
Ecological scientists are not known for elevated fashion sensibilities. Many take pride in a sartorial identity rooted in a field work chic of practical hats, cargo pants, and judicious applications of duct tape.

Alzheimer fibrils at atomic resolution
Elongated fibres (fibrils) of the beta-amyloid protein form the typical senile plaques present in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease.

UH Case Medical Center treats first patient in world on international hypertension study
University Hospitals Case Medical Center in Cleveland is the first site in the world to use a promising new technology for patients with high blood pressure.

African-American men negatively impacted by hormone therapy for treatment of prostate cancer
In a retrospective study analyzing patients' medical records, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital found that patients' race significantly affected their longevity by increasing the likelihood of death after receiving androgen deprivation therapy.

Combination therapy for type 1 diabetes improves blood glucose control
A combination of three medications -- dapagliflozin, liraglutide and insulin -- helped people with Type 1 diabetes improve blood sugar control and lose weight, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Development of a novel carbon nanomaterial 'pot'
A novel, pot-shaped, carbon nanomaterial developed by researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan is several times deeper than any hollow carbon nanostructure previously produced.

Hunter-gatherers experimented with farming in Turkey before migrating to Europe
Clusters of hunter-gatherers spent much of the late Stone Age working out the basics of farming on the fertile lands of Turkey before taking this knowledge to Europe.

Advanced economy nations have high rates of online marketing of stem cell thera
Advanced economy nations led by Ireland, Singapore, Australia, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United States have the highest per capita number of clinics engaging in direct-to-consumer marketing of stem cell therapies, according to the world's largest-ever study of such clinics.

Every atom counts
Cancer cells are more dependent on a cellular garbage disposal unit -- the proteasome -- than healthy cells, and cancer therapies take advantage of this dependency.

Study reveals brain's finely tuned system of energy supply
New research out today in the journal Neuron reveals how the brain is able to meet its massive energy demands with a 'just in time' system that delivers oxygen that fuels nerve cells.

UWM researchers' work in catalysis could aid drug development
Products like pharmaceuticals have to be synthesized to have molecules of only one 'handedness' to match the structure of biomolecules in human proteins.

Autism Speaks MSSNG study expands understanding of autism's complex genetics
A new study from Autism Speaks' MSSNG program expands understanding of autism's complex causes and may hold clues for the future development of targeted treatments.

Ten Reaxys® Ph.D. prize candidates selected to present at symposium in London
Ph.D. prize winners will be announced on Sept. 23.

When it comes to recognizing shapes, timing is everything
Salk Institute researchers show how vision relies on patterns of brain activity

New tool enables researchers to rapidly manipulate protein levels in mammalian cells
A research team headed by investigators at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has developed a tool that allows scientists to quickly manipulate levels of two proteins in the same cell.

Study finds hundreds of genes and genetic codes that regulate genes tied to alcoholism
Using rats carefully bred to either drink large amounts of alcohol or to spurn it, researchers at Indiana and Purdue universities have identified hundreds of genes that appear to play a role in increasing the desire to drink alcohol.

Southwest National Primate Research Center at Texas Biomed receives $40 million NIH grant
The Southwest National Primate Research Center (SNPRC) at Texas Biomedical Research Institute (Texas Biomed) was awarded more than $40 million for a National Institutes of Health P51 grant through 2021 to continue research programs using nonhuman primates (NHP) as part of the National Primate Research Center (NPRC) consortia.

Biomimicry is a promising approach for driving innovation, study finds
A case study, 'Biomimicry: Streamlining the Front End of Innovation for Environmentally Sustainable Products,' shows that biomimicry, a relatively new field that seeks to emulate nature to find solutions to human problems, can potentially expand intellectual property, increase energy savings and accelerate product innovation.

Green and sweet: How plant sugars influence malaria transmission
Female mosquitoes are well known blood-feeders, but they also consume sugar sources such as nectar, fruits and tree sap.

Magnifying mistakes boosts motor skills past a performance plateau
Exaggerating the visual appearance of mistakes could help people further improve their motor skills after an initial performance peak, according to a new study published in PLOS Computational Biology.

UNIST makes mark on global list of most cited
UNIST is well-represented 2016 List of Most Cited Researchers in Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) by Elsevier Scopus Data, which includes only the top 300 of the world's researchers in the field of MSE ranked by the total citations of their papers.

Research team discovers two biomarkers that contribute to spine osteoarthritis
A research team at the Krembil Research Institute has discovered a pair of tissue biomarkers that directly contribute to the harmful joint degeneration associated with spine osteoarthritis.

Mass biofuel production without mass antibiotic use
Rather than applying mass amounts of antibiotics to vats of biofuel-producing microorganisms to keep control these cultures, researchers have developed a new technique using modified strains that outcompete other possible contaminating microbes.

Kindergarteners' mathematics success hinges on preschool skills
In a study funded by the National Science Foundation, researchers at the University of Missouri discovered that preschoolers who better process words associated with numbers and understand the quantities associated with these words are more likely to have success with math when they enter kindergarten.

Head Start benefits children with disabilities
Young children with multiple disabilities who are enrolled in Head Start have better literacy, reading and math scores than children who aren't in the federally funded program, indicates a new study by Michigan State University researchers.

The science of steroids: Keeping the Olympics fair (video)
Chemistry plays a huge role on both sides of the performance-enhancing drug battle.

Vaccine candidates protect primates against Zika virus
A month after announcing that two promising vaccine candidates provided mice with complete protection against the Zika virus, a research team at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), in collaboration with scientists at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) and the University of São Paulo, now reports achieving complete protection against Zika virus in rhesus monkeys.

Gene testing in rare tumor type could uncover 'cancer families'
Genetic testing of patients with a rare form of cancer that can affect children and young adults can pick out genetic errors hidden in their family tree which increase the risk of a wide variety of cancer types.

Brains of overweight people 'ten years older' than lean counterparts at middle-age
From middle-age, the brains of obese individuals display differences in white matter similar to those in lean individuals ten years their senior, according to new research led by the University of Cambridge.

Goodbye, implants rejection!
A group of Russian physicists, with the contribution from their Swiss colleagues, developed a way to use the therapeutic effect of heating or cooling the tissues due to the magnetocaloric effect.

Study finds sharks get bad rap when viewed with ominous background music
In a new study, researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego found that the background music in shark documentaries affects viewers' perceptions of sharks.

'Media contagion' is factor in mass shootings, study says
People who commit mass shootings in America tend to share three traits: rampant depression, social isolation and pathological narcissism, according to a paper presented at the American Psychological Association's annual convention that calls on the media to deny such shooters the fame they seek.

Whales' ultrasonic hearing has surprisingly ancient history, fossilized ear shows
All living toothed whales rely upon echoes of their own calls to navigate and hunt underwater, a skill that works best in conjunction with high-frequency hearing.

RAND launches tools to help communities deliver teen pregnancy prevention programs
Researchers from the RAND Corporation have launched a web-based guide for community leaders to use when they are planning to run teen pregnancy prevention programs.

New ceramic membrane enables first direct conversion of natural gas to liquids without CO2
CoorsTek, the world's leading engineered ceramics manufacturer, announced that a team of scientists from CoorsTek Membrane Sciences, the University of Oslo, and the Instituto de Tecnología Química developed a new process to use natural gas as raw material for aromatic chemicals.

'GPS in space': NPL and Leicester bring autonomous interplanetary travel closer to reality
The National Physical Laboratory and University of Leicester have published paper showing pulsars can be used to obtain position along a particular direction in space to an accuracy of 2km.

Spider sharing isn't always caring: Colonies die when arachnids overshare food
Spiders living together in colonies of tens of thousands can go extinct from sharing food equitably, finds new UBC research.

Iowa State scientists develop quick-destructing battery to power 'transient' devices
Reza Montazami and his research group have developed a working battery that self-destructs in water.

Focus on future to save more money
When it comes to personal finances, impulsiveness and materialism can lead to bad decisions and a failure to save enough, but research presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association suggests that when people focus more on the future, they tend to be less impulsive, regardless of their level of financial literacy.

Smiling baby monkeys and the roots of laughter
When human and chimp infants are dozing, they sometimes show facial movements that resemble smiles.

Higher BMI not associated with bigger heart attack, death risk in heavier twin
A study of monozygotic Swedish twins suggests that while a higher A study of monozygotic Swedish twins suggests that while a higher BMI was not associated with increased risk of heart attack or death for the heavier twin, it was associated with increased risk for the onset of diabetes for that twin, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Fresh look at burials, mass graves, tells a new story of Cahokia
A new study challenges earlier interpretations of an important burial mound at Cahokia, a pre-Columbian city in Illinois near present-day St.

Echo hunter: Researchers name new fossil whale with high frequency hearing
A newly named fossil whale species had superior high-frequency hearing ability, helped in part by the unique shape of inner ear features that have given scientists new clues about the evolution of this specialized sense.

Breakthrough in understanding how stem cells become specialized
Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have made a major advance in understanding how the cells of an organism, which all contain the same genetic information, come to be so diverse.

Study analyses how epigenetics regulate vital functions from bacteria to humans
A new study published by Boston University School of Medicine researchers in the journal of Genetics and Epigenetics, provides a comparative analysis of the evolution of epigenetic mechanisms from prokaryotes (bacteria) to simple eukaryotes (multi-cellular) to more complex eukaryotes (humans).

Genomics study points to origins of pollen allergens
A joint University of Adelaide-Shanghai Jiao Tong University study has provided the first broad picture of the evolution and possible functions in the plant of pollen allergens.

What sports matches reveal about gender roles
In the modern era, it's clear that women can do just about anything that men can do.

Mitochondrial maps reveal new connections to poorly understood diseases
Two related studies led by Morgridge Institute for Research investigator Dave Pagliarini, published consecutively in today's issue of the journal Molecular Cell, identify functions for three little-known mitochondrial proteins that play either a direct or potential role in mitochondrial disease.

Rats with drinking problem provide genetic basis for alcoholism
Rats bred to abuse alcohol accumulated numerous genetic differences, many of which occurred in regulatory regions of the genome, reports Feng C.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Omais form in Northwestern Pacific
The seventh tropical cyclone of the Northwestern Pacific Ocean season formed, and infrared data from NASA's Aqua satellite showed powerful thunderstorms persisting in the storm's center.

Gene expression profile may ID renal cell carcinoma patients unlikely to benefit from nivolumab
Renal cell carcinomas positive for the protein PD-L1 from patients who did not respond to treatment with the anti-PD-1 therapeutic nivolumab (Opdivo) had significantly higher expression of genes associated with metabolism, compared with PD-L1-positive tumors from patients who did respond to nivolumab.

Dangerous chemical eye burns common in young children
One- and two-year-old children are at the highest risk of burning their eyes with chemicals, despite the long held belief that working-age adults were the most at risk from this type of severe eye injury, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.

Head partitions reduce stress in goats during feeding
Limited space allowance at the feeding place often leads to increased agonistic behaviour among goats.

Susceptibility and resistance to the Ascaris round worm which infects 1 billion people
Approximately one billion people worldwide are estimated to be infected with the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides, an intestinal parasite of humans.

Melting ice sheet could release frozen Cold War-era waste
Climate change could remobilize abandoned hazardous waste thought to be buried forever beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet, new research finds.

The Lancet Oncology: Australian researchers uncover complex genetic secrets of cancer risk
In a landmark multi-country study, Australian researchers have transformed our understanding of the genes that affect our risk of cancer.

Researchers identify part of the brain that compensates for hearing loss in older adults
Researchers at the Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest Health Sciences have pinpointed the specific part of the brain that older adults rely on to differentiate speech sounds in background noise, which could revolutionize the treatment of hearing loss.

Lab-reared maggots may save Darwin's famous finches
In the latest issue of the Journal of Insect Science, researchers reveal how they used chicken blood to rear larvae of the fly Philornis downsi, an invasive species that parasitizes birds in the Galapagos Islands.

Multitasking proteins: Unexpected properties of galectin-3
Biochemistry research on lectins and proteoglycans have been around as long as Frank Sinatra tunes.

Researchers from CSI Singapore discover new way to inhibit development of lung cancer
A study led by Professor Daniel Tenen, Director of the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore at the National University of Singapore, found that inhibiting a protein called BMI1 could inhibit the development of lung cancer.

A surplus with consequences
Why do healthy cells become malignant and proliferate uncontrollably? Scientists of the University of Würzburg have investigated the role of a special protein in this process and settled and old controversy.

Stanford-led team reveals nanoscale secrets of rechargeable batteries
An interdisciplinary team has developed a way to track how particles charge and discharge at the nanoscale, an advance that will lead to better batteries for all sorts of mobile applications.

Alcohol abuse drug can be repurposed to treat a blinding disorder
Disulfiram prevents scars forming in a mouse model of scarring conjunctivitis.

New research points to novel approach to tackling Ascaris roundworm
Scientists have shed new light on Ascaris infection, which affects 1 billion people worldwide.

New ways to mass produce human neurons for studying neuropsychiatric disorders
Scientists from Singapore have streamlined the process of using human stem cells to mass produce GABAergic neurons (GNs) in the laboratory.

Blocking the migration of cancer cells to destroy them
Swiss researchers developed an experimental immunotherapeutic strategy which paves the way for new treatments against lymphoma, a cancer that affects lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.

Curiosity has the power to change behavior for the better
Curiosity could be an effective tool to entice people into making smarter and sometimes healthier decisions, according to research presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association.

NYU, Google researchers hack business model of adware, scareware, other unwanted software
A team of researchers from Google and the New York University Tandon School of Engineering next week will offer the first public view into practices that deliver unwanted advertising and software bundled with legitimate downloads.

Adaptation to climate risks: Political affiliation matters
A new study reveals that those who affiliate with the Democratic Party have different views than those who vote Republican on the following issues: the likelihood of floods occurring, adopting protection measures, and expectations of disaster relief from the government.

After the fight, friendship
Using videos of four sports in 44 countries, reserachers found that men are far more likely to engage in friendly physical contact -- handshakes, back pats and even hugs -- following competition than women.

Tinder: Swiping self esteem?
Whether they're swiping left or swiping right, male users of the popular dating app Tinder appear to have lower levels of self-esteem and all users appear to have more negative perception of body image than those who don't use the app, according to research presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association.

Study reveals hidden pollution exchange between oceans and groundwater
Researchers have uncovered previously hidden sources of ocean pollution along more than 20 percent of America's coastlines.

Don't freestyle 'swimmer's shoulder' injuries
Elite and competitive swimmers log between 60,000 and 80,000 meters weekly -- swimming the length of an Olympic-sized pool 1,200 times -- which places significant stress on their shoulder joints.

Researchers discover what makes mice freeze or flee
Mice are likely to freeze at the sight of small slow-moving shapes and flee from fast approaching ones, finds new UCL research.

Study links increased ovarian cancer risk with lower socioeconomic status in African-American women
Higher socioeconomic status was associated with lower ovarian cancer risk in African-American women, according to study results reported by investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina and elsewhere in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

Botulinum toxin study proves possibility of remote effects
The botulinum toxins are among the deadliest substances on Earth, and two specific toxins -- including the popular drug Botox -- have multiple uses for treating many neuromuscular conditions, including frown lines, disabling muscle spasms and migraine headaches.

Elimination of senescent cells improves lung function in mice
In this issue of JCI Insight, Masataka Sugimoto and colleagues at the Juntendo University School of Medicine in Tokyo examined the role of cellular senescence in aging lungs, as there is a well-documented decrease in lung function with age.

Sedentary behavior associated with diabetic retinopathy
In a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology, Paul D.

Towards the T-1000: Liquid metals propel future electronics
How can we move beyond solid state electronics towards flexible soft circuit systems?

American Chemical Society national meeting features presidential events
American Chemical Society (ACS) President Donna J. Nelson, Ph.D., will emphasize her theme of build¬ing communities in chemistry at the ACS 252nd National Meeting & Exposition, Aug.

Melting ice sheet could expose frozen Cold War-era hazardous waste
Climate change is threatening to expose hazardous waste at an abandoned camp thought to be buried forever in the Greenland Ice Sheet, new research out of York University has found.

Sunflowers move by the clock
Plant biologists at UC Davis and colleagues have discovered how sunflowers use their internal circadian clock, acting on growth hormones, to follow the sun during the day as they grow.

Duke team identifies new 'mega-complex' involved in cell signaling
Duke Health-led researchers have discovered new information about the signaling mechanism of cells that could one day help guide development of more specific drug therapies.

Melting ice sheet could release frozen Cold War-era waste
Climate change could remobilize abandoned hazardous waste thought to be buried forever beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet, new research finds.

New X-Ray microscopy technique images nanoscale workings of rechargeable batteries
An X-ray microscopy technique recently developed at Berkeley Lab has given scientists the ability to image nanoscale changes inside lithium-ion battery particles as they charge and discharge.

Working full time not enough to lift thousands of Florida's working parents out of poverty
Even after working 40 or more hours a week, thousands of Florida parents would need to earn nearly double the state's current hourly minimum wage in order to break even.

Toe-tapping to better health: Fidgeting helps prevent arterial dysfunction from sitting
Previous research has shown that sitting for an extended period of time at a computer or during a long airline flight reduces blood flow to the legs, which may contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease.

Buck Institute study sheds light on gender differences in diabetes and aging
All's not fair in love and glucose intolerance -- overweight men (and mice) are more prone to get type 2 diabetes than are overweight women (and mice).

Boosting swimming performance with sound data
Since 1896, swimming has been an event in the Olympic games.

Vitamin D levels may drop when women stop using birth control
Women risk having their vitamin D levels fall when they stop using birth control pills or other contraceptives containing estrogen, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Heart-resident macrophages call in neutrophils following ischemic injury
In this issue of JCI Insight, a team led by Daniel Kreisel of Washington University of Medicine determined that a macrophage population that resides in the heart promotes neutrophil recruitment in response to ischemic injury.

Satellite animation shows landfall of Hurricane Earl in Belize
A NASA satellite animation of imagery from NOAA's GOES-East satellite shows the movement and landfall of Hurricane Earl near Belize City, Belize.

New study: Montmorency tart cherry juice found to aid recovery of soccer players
Montmorency tart cherry juice may be a promising new recovery aid for soccer players following a game or intense practice.

Researchers find how proteins control gene expression by binding both DNA and RNA
Proteins that bind DNA or RNA are usually put in different categories, but researchers at Umeå University in Sweden and Inserm in France recently showed how the p53 protein has the capacity to bind both and how this controls gene expression on the levels of both transcription (RNA synthesis) and mRNA translation (protein synthesis).

Soy may help protect women with PCOS from diabetes, heart disease
Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome -- a common cause of female infertility -- may be able to improve their metabolic and cardiovascular health by consuming soy isoflavones, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Thirty years of research translates into new treatment strategies for polycystic ovary syndrome
A review published today in Current Pharmaceutical Design bundles those decades of research and education into overall progress toward improving the lives of women with PCOS: better counseling and managed care, new directions in genetic testing, new diagnostic tests, and earlier tests, such as measuring finger length ratios, and taking hormone samples from hair strands plucked off the heads of newborn girls.

Comparing sexual experiences related to alcohol and marijuana use among adults
Researchers compared self-reported sexual experiences related to use of alcohol and marijuana, to examine if and how marijuana use may influence risk for unsafe sexual behavior.

Geological data provide support for legendary Chinese flood
Researchers have provided geological evidence for China's 'Great Flood,' a disastrous event on the Yellow River from which the Xia dynasty is thought to have been born.

Radar tracking reveals the 'life stories' of bumblebees as they forage for food
Scientists have tracked the flight paths of a group of bumblebees throughout their entire lives to find out how they explore their environment and search for food.

A sweeter way of teaching health and safety
Engineering at the University of Sheffield adopts experiential learning and teaching method for the delivery of health and safety practical's to over 1,600 undergraduate engineering students in the university's new £81 million building, The Diamond.

Nearly half of pediatric clinical trials go unfinished or unpublished
Clinical trials in children commonly go either uncompleted or unpublished, finds a comprehensive study conducted by researchers at Boston Children's Hospital.

'Liquid fingerprinting' technique instantly identifies unknown liquids
A new company will commercialize sensing technology that can perform instant, in-field characterization of the chemical make-up and material properties of unknown liquids.

Drink-seeking rats provide sobering look into genetics of alcoholism
Alcohol-craving rats have provided researchers with a detailed look into the complicated genetic underpinnings of alcoholism.

Brain training reduces dementia risk across 10 years
While many companies have long promised that their brain-training products can sharpen aging minds, only one type of computerized brain training so far has been shown to improve people's mental quickness and significantly reduce the risk of dementia, according to research presented at the American Psychological Association's Annual Convention. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to