Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 05, 2016
Preventing mass extinctions of big mammals will require immediate action
Preventing the extinctions of the world's largest mammals -- including gorillas, rhinoceroses, elephants, lions, tigers, wolves and bears -- will require prompt, bold political action and financial commitments from nations worldwide, argue 43 wildlife experts from six continents.

University of Maryland School of Medicine to take part in landmark Zika vaccine study
The Center for Vaccine Development at the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Institute for Global Health has been chosen as one of three study sites in a human safety trial of a new Zika vaccine.

Diamond-based light sources will lay a foundation for quantum communications of the future
A scientist from our university together with his colleague from Italy might have solved one of the most challenging problems of quantum communications, showing that diamonds may be used as ultra-bright single photon emitters.

Subduction zone earthquakes off Oregon, Washington more frequent than previous estimates
A new analysis suggests that massive earthquakes on northern sections of the Cascadia Subduction Zone, affecting areas of the Pacific Northwest that are more heavily populated, are somewhat more frequent than has been believed in the past.

New virus found during investigation into largemouth bass fish kill
A new virus has been identified in association with a die-off of largemouth bass in Pine Lake in Wisconsin's Forest County.

NASA's Terra satellite sees Tropical Storm Ivette holding steady
Bands of thunderstorms were wrapping around the center of Tropical Storm Ivette when NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead.

Tall or short? Thick or thin? UT study shows many factors affect arm, leg size
For over 60 years, scientists have theorized that a person's body shape and size could be influenced by the climate of where they live.

Veins on Mars were formed by evaporating ancient lakes
Mineral veins found in Mars's Gale Crater were formed by the evaporation of ancient Martian lakes, a new study has shown.

Major treatment expansion could essentially eliminate hepatitis C in R.I. by 2030
As the state takes a deep look at its hepatitis C epidemic, Brown University researchers have crunched the numbers to project what could be done to lift Rhode Island's burden of death and disease.

Wistar scientists identify marker for myeloid-derived suppressor cells
Scientists at the Wistar Institute have identified a marker that distinguishes PMN-MDSCs from neutrophils in the blood of patients with a variety of cancers.

Shape-changing metamaterial developed using Kirigami technique
Engineers from the University of Bristol have developed a new shape-changing metamaterial using Kirigami, which is the ancient Japanese art of cutting and folding paper to obtain 3-D shapes.

From Sci Fi to reality: Unlocking the secret to growing new limbs
Many lower organisms retain the ability to regenerate tissue after injury.

Putting the pressure on platinum
Hokkaido University researchers have synthesised a uniquely structured platinum-based superconducting material by applying extreme high pressure.

Can nature videos help improve prisoner behavior?
Researchers have identified a simple intervention that may help reduce levels of violence in maximum security prisons.

Hot 'new' material found to exist in nature
One of the hottest new materials is a class of porous solids known as metal-organic frameworks, or MOFs.

Characterizing the Zika virus genome
The sudden emergence of the Zika virus epidemic in Latin America in 2015-16 has caught the scientific world unawares.

Women appear to be more accepting of their bodies/weight
Despite growing rates of obesity in the United States, and a culture apparently obsessed with selfies, women today appear to be more accepting of their bodies than in the past, at least in regard to weight, according to research presented at the American Psychological Association's 124th Annual Convention.

Asthma pill could reduce symptoms in severe sufferers
The first new asthma pill for nearly 20 years has the power to significantly reduce the severity of the condition, a study led by the University of Leicester has found.

Scientists discover light could exist in a previously unknown form
New research suggests that it is possible to create a new form of light by binding light to a single electron, combining the properties of both.

Decades of discovery: NASA's exploration of Jupiter
Launched five years ago on Aug. 5, 2011, NASA's Juno mission maneuvered into orbit around Jupiter on July 4, 2016, joining a long tradition of discovery at the gas giant.

Autism risk in younger children increases if they have older sibling with disorder
A new Kaiser Permanente study found that the risk of younger siblings developing an autism spectrum disorder is 14 times higher if an older sibling has ASD.

Hidden, local climate impacts of drought-friendly vegetation
USC scientists determined that if a many Los Angeles property owners switch their lawns to drought-tolerant landscaping, it could increase local temperatures and exacerbate heat waves, and would have other similar consequences.

UTA leads project to develop new device to deliver photo-induced cancer therapy
Physicists from the University of Texas at Arlington are leading a multidisciplinary project with the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston to develop a new multifunctional platform that can integrate imaging and photo-induced cancer therapy in a single, portable device.

Microscopic collisions help proteins stay healthy
Studies at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio are providing basic new understanding about 'heat shock proteins,' also called'chaperone proteins.' Researchers presented data that show how heat shock proteins break apart protein complexes.

Discovery of infants' airway microbiomes may help predict lung disease
In contrast to the general belief that the airways of an infant are sterile until after birth, researchers have found that the infant airway is already colonized with bacteria when a baby is born -- and this is true for infants born as early as 24 weeks gestation.

Climate summaries 'for grownups,' but not too difficult for policymakers
Offering a rare insider analysis of the climate assessment process, Chris Field, Katharine Mach, and colleagues at the Department of Global Ecology examined the writing and editing procedures by which the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change creates summaries of their findings for policymakers.

Age-related infertility may be caused by scarred ovaries
Women's decreased ability to produce healthy eggs as they become older may be due to excessive scarring and inflammation in their ovaries, reports a new study in mice.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Omais in infrared light
Infrared data from NASA's Aqua satellite showed powerful thunderstorms in Tropical Storm Omais are wrapping around the center as it continues to consolidate.

Sleep apnea worsens non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in obese adolescents
Studies have shown that obstructive sleep apnea and low nighttime oxygen, which result in oxidative stress, are associated with the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adults.

Psychologist reveals science behind a fulfilling single life
Dating shows, dating apps -- they all strive to make sure none of us end up uncoupled forever.

Syracuse University physicists awarded NSF grant to study cancer-cell behavior
Three Syracuse University researchers, who focus on theoretical soft condensed matter and biological physics, will investigate new collective mechanisms that establish and maintain tumor boundaries in breast and cervix carcinomas.

Fresh look at burials, mass graves, tells a new story of Cahokia
A new study challenges earlier interpretations of an important burial mound at Cahokia, a pre-Columbian city in Illinois near present-day St.

UW-Madison spinoff gets FDA OK for bacteria-killing wound dressing
Imbed Biosciences today received clearance from the Food and Drug Administration to market its patented wound dressing for human use.

Teamwork, communication training recommended to ensure surgical safety
Patient safety before, during, and after surgery requires an appropriately educated, committed and empowered health care team, according to recommendations being presented today at the inaugural National Surgical Patient Safety Summit.

Record-breaking logic gate 'another important milestone' on road to quantum computers
Researchers at the University of Oxford have achieved a quantum logic gate with record-breaking 99.9% precision, reaching the benchmark required theoretically to build a quantum computer.

Researchers find most volcanic activity on Mercury stopped about 3.5 billion years ago
New research from North Carolina State University finds that major volcanic activity on the planet Mercury most likely ended about 3.5 billion years ago.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Earl over Mexico
Tropical Storm Earl made landfall as a Category 1 hurricane in Belize on Aug.

Study of summer research quantifies what students see as most beneficial
New data from the Leadership Alliance shows what specific aspects of conducting summer research underrepresented students say benefits them the most.

Greater production of 'feeling full' hormone could be responsible for weight loss
A study that might hold the key to why octogenarians are prone to losing weight has been conducted by Plymouth University academic, Professor Mary Hickson.

Wiley provides free access to latest Zika research to coincide with events in Brazil
Wiley has made available all of its published Zika content on one site to coincide with events in Brazil, a territory that has seen increased cases of Zika Virus recently.

Inspired by evolution: A simple treatment for breathing problem among premature infants
As humans evolved over many thousands of years, our bodies developed a system to help us when we start running and suddenly need more oxygen.

Research to improve treatment for millions of lung disease patients
New lung scanning technology developed at Monash University has the potential to transform treatment for millions of people with lung disease in Australia and around the world.

Under-reporting of fisheries catches threatens Caribbean marine life
Marine fisheries catches have been drastically under-reported in the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Caribbean, threatening the marine environment and livelihoods of the local community, reveals a recent study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Marine Science.

Microcephaly discoveries made in non-Zika cases help explain abnormal brain growth
Long before Zika virus made it a household word, the birth defect called microcephaly puzzled scientists and doctors -- even as it changed the lives of the babies born with it during the pre-Zika era.

USC quantum computing researchers reduce quantum information processing errors
USC Viterbi School of Engineering scientists found a new method to reduce the heating errors that have hindered quantum computing.

Therapeutic strategies targeting Alzheimer's disease-related molecules
Therapeutic strategies targeting Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related molecule β-amyloid (Aβ), Tau protein and BACE enzyme have been recently explored.

Argonne discovery yields self-healing diamond-like carbon
A group of tribologists -- scientists who study the effect of friction in machines -- and computational materials scientists at Argonne recently discovered a revolutionary diamond-like film that is generated by the heat and pressure of an automotive engine.

A diagnostic tool allows encephalitis in sheep and goats to be spotted
The biologist Idoia Glaria-Ezquer has developed a diagnostic tool specifically for detecting encephalitis caused by small-ruminant lentiviruses in sheep and goats; its epidemiological interest lies in the fact that it enables the spread of highly pathogenic lineages affecting flocks to be controlled; the disease leads to economic losses and there is no treatment or vaccine to combat it.

From unconventional laser beams to a more robust imaging wave
Researchers have come up with a way to use an unconventional laser beam -- called an Airy beam -- to create terahertz (THz) waves.

Why you're stiff in the morning: Your body suppresses inflammation when you sleep at night
New research published online in The FASEB Journal, describes a protein created by the body's 'biological clock' that actively represses inflammatory pathways within the affected limbs during the night.

Some Catholic hospitals make it hard for physicians to provide referrals for reproductive services
Catholic hospitals, which represent a growing share of health care in the United States, prohibit staff from providing many common reproductive health services, including ones related to sterilization, contraception, abortion, and fertility. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to