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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | August 11, 2016


Syracuse University researchers confirm marine animals live longer at high latitudes
After months of work by researchers, two patterns have emerged.
Study links child obesity at age 9-11 years to gestational diabetes in mother
New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) shows an increased risk of childhood obesity at age 9-11 years when the mother has had gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
Virus attracts bumblebees to infected plants by changing scent
Study of bee-manipulating plant virus reveals a 'short-circuiting' of natural selection.
New microscopy system captures 'lost' fluorescence, improving resolution
Taking a cue from medical imaging, scientists have invented a multi-view microscope that captures higher-resolution, 3D images of live cells and tissues without upping the dose of potentially harmful radiation the specimens receive.
Bilirubin contributes to immune suppression after islet transplants
Stress and injury can cause up to a 70 percent loss of transplanted islet cells within 72 hours after transplantation.
Crown gall disease: A tumor home to a varied bacterial community
At present, an early diagnosis of the tumor-like crown gall disease affecting grapevines seems out of reach.
Researchers 'reprogram' network of brain cells in mice with thin beam of light
Neurons that fire together really do wire together, says a new study in Science, suggesting that the three-pound computer in our heads may be more malleable than we think.
New ant species Paratopula bauhinia described from Hong Kong by HKU biologists
The Insect Biogeography and Biodiversity research group led by Dr.
Much ado about nothing: Astronomers use empty space to study the universe
In a paper to appear in upcoming issue of Physical Review Letters, the international team of astronomers reports that they were able to achieve four times better precision in measurements of how the universe's visible matter is clustered together by studying the empty spaces in between.
Self-shading windows switch from clear to opaque
New MIT-developed electrochromic material could lead to self-shading glass windows that save energy by reducing the need for air-conditioning.
Brain-machine interfaces trigger partial neurological recovery in chronic paraplegics
In this study, an international research team reports the discovery that eight completely paraplegic patients, who have suffered a spinal cord lesion many years previously, have regained partial voluntary motor control and sensitivity of their legs after 12 months of training with brain-machine interfaces, including a brain-controlled exoskeleton.
Heart bypass without surgery? -- AGGF1 induces therapeutic angiogenesis through autophagy
Coronary artery disease, the number one killer world-wide, restricts and ultimately blocks blood vessels, cutting off oxygen supply to the heart.
Emergency financial aid from call centers effectively prevents homelessness
Nearly every major US city offers a hotline for people facing homelessness to call in order to request emergency financial assistance.
Dietary compound linked to heart disease may be influenced by gut microbiome
A Cornell study recently published online in the peer-reviewed journal Molecular Nutrition and Food Research reports new results that raise questions about whether circulating TMAO causes heart disease or whether it is simply a biomarker, or a sign, of developing disease.
New approach doubles 3-D resolution of fluorescence microscopy
Researchers have developed a new fluorescence microscopy approach that significantly improves image resolution by acquiring three views of a sample at the same time.
Key molecular signal that shapes regeneration in planarian stem cells discovered
Researchers at the Stowers Institute have identified a key molecule that directs stem cells in the planarian flatworm to make copies of themselves.
More gorilla than chimp
A new study that for the first time examined the internal anatomy of a fossil human relative's heel bone, or calcaneus, shows greater similarities with gorillas than chimpanzees.
Does marriage affect drinking? A new study provides insights
Need to drink less? Get married, according to a new study.
Visualization of newly formed synapses with unprecedented resolution
The spatial arrangement of synapses has a critical role in neuronal function, but the rules that govern this precise synaptic localization remain unknown.
Caught in the act: First videos of a coral's bleaching behavior
Coral researchers have for the first time captured the specific behavior of a coral as it's bleaching.
Bumblebees prefer virus-infected plants, and their buzz pollination increases seed yields
Plants produce volatiles, air-borne organic chemical compounds, to attract pollinators and seed dispersers, and to repulse plant-eating animals and microbes.
Study: Paying terrorist kidnappers doesn't pay off for countries
Paying ransoms to terrorist kidnappers may encourage more abductions and worsen the situation for others, according to new research from UT Dallas.
Global warming's next surprise: Saltier beaches
Batches of sand from a beach on the Delaware Bay are yielding insights into the powerful impact of temperature rise and evaporation along the shore that are in turn challenging long-held assumptions about what causes beach salinity to fluctuate in coastal zones that support a rich network of sea creatures and plants.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute receives $968,000 NIH grant for heart cell study
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded a four-year, $968,000 grant to a biomedical research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) exploring the molecular signals of a heart under stress to better understand the mechanisms of cardiac diseases.
2016 ACR/ARHP annual meeting press registration open
The ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting is the world's premier scientific rheumatology meeting, featuring more than 450 sessions and 1,000 plus speakers.
Male and female cats respond differently to distressed kittens
Female domestic cats adjust their response to kitten calls depending on how urgent they sound, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology.
RetroScope opens doors to the past in smart phone investigations
Researchers are working on a new technique to aid law enforcement in gathering data from smart phones when investigating crimes.
The Aztec treasure unearthed: New earth snake species discovered in Mexico
A new gem has been added to the vast treasure of Mexican reptiles.
Discovery of sunlight-driven organic chemistry on water surfaces
Fatty acids found on the surface of water droplets react with sunlight to form organic molecules, a new study reports, essentially uncovering a previously unknown form of photolysis.
The Lancet: Virtual reality and treadmill training could help prevent falls in older adults
Combining virtual reality and treadmill training helps prevent falls in older adults better than treadmill training alone, according to a new randomized controlled trial published in The Lancet.
Your brain on Google Glass
A group of Drexel biomedical engineers use functional near-infrared spectroscopy to measure mental workload as subjects navigate a college campus.
Burnout is caused by mismatch between unconscious needs and job demands
New research shows that burnout is caused by a mismatch between a person's unconscious needs and the opportunities and demands at the workplace.
Long-term health effects of Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs not as dire as perceived
The detonation of atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 resulted in horrific casualties.
Two Zika proteins responsible for microcephaly identified
USC researchers have tracked down two Zika proteins potentially responsible for thousands of microcephaly cases in Brazil and elsewhere -- taking one small step toward preventing Zika-infected mothers from birthing babies with abnormally small heads.
Professor receives grant to identify genes that keep HIV latent
One of the biggest challenges to discovering a cure for the human immunodeficiency virus is when the disease becomes dormant -- hidden and inactive within the human body.
New hacking technique imperceptibly changes memory virtual servers
For the first time ever a team of Dutch hacking experts, led by cyber security professor Herbert Bos at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, managed to alter the memory of virtual machines in the cloud without a software bug, using a new attack technique.
Intermediate HDL cholesterol levels may be best for longevity
In a large study of male veterans, both low and high HDL cholesterol levels were associated with higher risks of dying prematurely compared with intermediate levels, forming a U-shaped curve.
Austerity linked to rise of the 'spornosexual'
The economic crisis and austerity are having an unexpected consequence: more young men striving for gym-fit, photo-perfect bodies that they use to create a social media brand.
High and low levels of 'good cholesterol' may cause premature death
Commonly touted as 'good cholesterol' for helping to reduce risk of stroke and heart attack, both high and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol may increase a person's risk of premature death, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
Kansas State University engineers to engage Chicagoans in air pollution monitoring
The US Environmental Protection Agency awarded three Kansas State University researchers and seven Chicago organizations a $750,000 grant to investigate if giving communities access to low-cost portable air pollution monitoring devices could help improve air quality.
A new tool to determine cost-effective control of rheumatic heart disease
Based on recent estimates, there are about 32 million cases of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) worldwide, which cause 275,000 deaths per year.
Strict blood pressure control may provide long-term benefits for kidney disease patients
In long-term analyses of 2 clinical trials that included patients with chronic kidney disease, a lower blood pressure target than the currently guideline-recommended goal of 140/90 mm Hg was safe and associated with protection against premature death.
Disregarded plant molecule actually a treasure
Salk researchers discover that a plant molecule once regarded as a biological dead end now offers new leads into the development of hardier plants.
The fourth state of matter, plasma: A technology to improve bone healing?
Tuning cold plasma can either promote or inhibit bone formation.
22 of the world's best computer scientists and mathematicians gather in Heidelberg
There are only 102 people living around the world that have been distinguished with most renowned prizes in mathematics and computer science: the Abel Prize, the Fields Medal, the Nevanlinna Prize and the ACM A.M.
EARTH: Sand shouldn't stand in for volcanic ash in jet engine tests
For decades, sand has been used to simulate the effects volcanic ash may have on aircraft, but in a new study covered by EARTH Magazine, scientists used samples of real volcanic ash from volcanoes of different eruptive styles from around the world.
Brain-machine interface triggers recovery for paraplegic patients
The Walk Again Project (WAP), which includes Colorado State University's Alan Rudolph, has released its first clinical report, published Aug.
New UTSA study addresses lack of American engineers and scientists
A new study by Huy Le, associate professor of management at The University of Texas at San Antonio, identifies factors that could lead more young students to successful careers in the science, technology, engineering and math fields.
Targeting the gut-brain connection can impact immunity
The brain and the gut are connected through neural networks that signal hunger and satiety, love and fear, even safety and danger.
Structural images shed new light on a cancer-linked potassium channel
Using cryo-electron microscopy, researchers gained new insights about how the channel functions based on what they saw in the section that spans the cell's membrane.
Tufts Medical Center researchers find new functions of blood cell protein in transplant
Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University scientists have found exciting, new functions of the protein angiogenin that play a significant role in the regulation of blood cell formation, important in bone marrow transplantation and recovery from radiation-induced bone marrow failure.
Risk factors, features and outcomes of invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella in Vietnam
Invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella (iNTS) infections cause illness and death in sub-Saharan Africa, but little is known about iNTS in Asia.
Bug collecting
Entomologist Katja Seltmann joins a team of researchers in mapping North American groups of plant-feeding insects.
Unproven stem cell therapies for lung disease on the rise despite promise of new treatments
Stem cell medical tourism and unproven stem cell interventions are growing and concerning issues for patients afflicted with lung disease.
Researchers have found a way to make shale oil extraction cheaper
Researchers at Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have developed mathematical models and software that will enable Russian shale oil producers to reduce development costs and pollution risks.
Winner of the longest-lived vertebrate award goes to...
Greenland sharks live at least as long as 400 years, and they reach sexual maturity at the age of about 150, a new study reports.
Wildlife-friendly farming shown to benefit UK moths
Wildlife-friendly farming schemes can help boost the abundance of many UK moth species, a new study by the University of Liverpool has found.
Study sheds light on use and effectiveness of sexual assault hotlines
Since the 1970s, sexual assault hotlines have grown in popularity in North America as conduits for survivors, their loved ones and professionals to unite for immediate support.
Gaming using a stretchy touchpad
Researchers have developed a highly stretchable touchpad that can be used to write words and play electronic games.
Phone checklist can help detect changes in clinical status among home care recipients
Millions of elderly Americans with physical or cognitive impairments receive nonmedical home-care services and are often hospitalized for potentially avoidable complications.
Prevalence of estrogen receptor mutations in patients with metastatic breast cancer
A new study published online by JAMA Oncology examines the prevalence and significance of estrogen receptor mutations in patients with metastatic breast cancer.
Orangutan able to guess a taste without sampling it, just like us
Without having tasted a new juice mix before, an orangutan in a Swedish zoo has enough sense to know whether it will taste nice or not based on how he recombined relevant memories from the past.
Safer air travel: Existing navigation data can help pilots avoid turbulence
Detecting turbulence remains the Achilles' heel of modern-day aviation. The reports submitted by pilots, subjective and often very inaccurate, are the least expensive and the most frequently used method for trying to predict where it will occur.
More than 200,000 crashes caused by road debris
A new report from the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety found that more than 200,000 crashes involved debris on US roadways over the past four years.
Hubble uncovers a galaxy pair coming in from the wilderness
NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has uncovered two tiny dwarf galaxies that have wandered from a vast cosmic wilderness into a nearby 'big city' packed with galaxies.
Patients with TB and HIV should receive prompt coordinated treatment for both conditions
Tuberculosis is a leading killer of people with HIV, and providing therapy for both illnesses simultaneously saves lives - according to new guidelines on the treatment of drug-susceptible TB developed jointly by the American Thoracic Society, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Infectious Diseases Society of America.
Plant response to carbon dioxide emissions depends on their neighbors
Plants may have a hard time adapting to climate change if they move to new regions to keep up with changing habitats, according to new UBC research.
Students in government-funded school meal programs at higher risk of being overweight
Government-funded school meals are putting financially vulnerable children at risk of being overweight, a Virginia Tech researcher has found.
The next frontier in facial plastic, reconstructive surgery
Is regenerative medicine the next frontier in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery?
Health behaviors and management critical for spinal cord injury patients
U-M researcher is the co-editor of a two-part series of Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation focused on recent research studies about health behaviors and health management in individuals with spinal cord injury.
Risk of fans catching dengue fever during Olympics 'very low'
The risk of sports fans catching dengue fever during the Rio Olympics is very low, according to a new study involving mathematical modelling.
New insights into the evolution of cooperation in spatially structured populations
Researchers have analyzed a new mathematical model to investigate how a population's spatial structure affects the evolution of cooperation.
Ecosystems in the southeastern US are vulnerable to climate change
At least several southeastern US ecosystems are highly vulnerable to the impacts of present and future climate change, according to two new USGS reports on research conducted by scientists with Interior Department's Southeast Climate Science Center.
Mayo Clinic researchers link senescent cells to most common form of arthritis
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have reported a causal link between senescent cells -- cells that accumulate with age and contribute to frailty and disease -- and osteoarthritis in mice.
How did primate brains get so big?
Virtual brains reconstructed from ancient, kiwi-sized primate skulls could help resolve one of the most intriguing evolutionary mysteries: how modern primates developed large brains.
Britain's last hunter-gatherers discovered using breakthrough analysis of bone fragments
Archaeologists from the universities of York, Cambridge and UCL have identified rare human bones from the UK dating to the Late Mesolithic era (around 4000 BC, just prior to the arrival of farming in Britain) using an innovative new bone collagen analysis technique.
Autophagy under the microscope as never before
We don't tend to wrap our recycling waste in bubble wrap but that's essentially what cells do during the cellular recycling process called autophagy.
Five ways bioengineers want to use 3-D printing
Now that 3-D printing has made it easier to generate custom-made prosthetics, bioengineers are looking ahead at manufacturing actual cellular material.
Treatment option for Alzheimer's disease possible
A research project has shown that an experimental model of Alzheimer's disease can be successfully treated with a commonly used anti-inflammatory drug.
NASA measures winds of Tropical Storm Conson
NASA's RapidScat instrument provided measurements of sustained wind speeds as Tropical Storm Conson continued tracking north through the northwestern Pacific Ocean.
Unearthed: The cannibal sharks of a forgotten age
Scientists have discovered incredible fossil evidence that a 300-million-year-old shark, which mildly resembled a modern-day bull shark, cannibalized its babies.
In a race for Cheetos, magpies win, but crows steal
In urban neighborhoods, magpies often nest near their cousin corvid species, crows.
Study: Wind power fiercer than expected
As the US' first wind farm is installed in Rhode Island this week, a new study from the University of Delaware shows offshore wind may be even more powerful and turbulent than expected in the Northeast.
With temporary financial help, homeless 76 percent less likely to enter shelter
Individuals in Chicago who learned funding was available when they called a homelessness prevention center were 76 percent less likely to enter a shelter than those who called when funding was not, a new study reports.
Researchers restore drug sensitivity in breast cancer tumors
A team of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine cancer researchers has uncovered one way certain tumors resist vital medication.
Extreme rainfall along gulf coast measured by NASA's IMERG
For the better part of a week, a persistent, mid-level area of low pressure has been tapping into warm, moist air to produce stormy weather in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, and satellite data of rainfall was collected and calculated at NASA.
The rain frog that turned into a Sleeping beauty is a new species from the Peruvian Andes
A new species of rain frog was discovered in the premontane forests of the Peruvian central Andes.
Ten trillionths of your suntan comes from beyond our galaxy
In a new study, astronomers have accurately measured the light hitting the Earth from outside our galaxy and determined that 10 trillionths of your suntan comes from beyond our galaxy.
Iowa State physicists win W.M. Keck Foundation grant to develop nanoscope
Iowa State's Jigang Wang is leading an effort to develop a new kind of microscope called a 'nanoscope.' The new tool will allow researchers to study materials at scales that are ultrafast, ultrasmall and at very low frequencies.
Children score low on cardiovascular health measures
Most children are born with ideal cardiovascular health and promoting good heart health should begin at birth.
Launch of graphene-enhanced PLA filaments for 3-D printing
Haydale Composite Solutions, a wholly owned subsidiary of Haydale, will be launching graphene-enhanced poly lactic acid ('PLA') filaments for 3-D printing at the TCT show in Birmingham, UK, on Sept.
Study: We understand that social media does not equal social interaction
If you worry that people today are using social media as a crutch for a real social life, a University of Kansas study will set you at ease.
Surveys of corn and soybean fields reveal implications for pollinator conservation
What kind of insect pollinators are commonly found in corn and soybean fields?
Directly reprogramming a cell's identity with gene editing
Researchers have used a gene editing tool called CRISPR to turn cells isolated from mouse connective tissue directly into neuronal cells.
NASA to map Asteroid Bennu from the ground up
The OSIRIS-REx Laser Altimeter, or OLA will be used to create three-dimensional global topographic maps of Bennu and local maps of candidate sample sites.
Disrupting mitochondrial function could improve treatment of fungal infections
By identifying new compounds that selectively block mitochondrial respiration in pathogenic fungi, Whitehead Institute scientists have identified a potential antifungal mechanism that could enable combination therapy with fluconazole, one of today's most commonly prescribed fungal infection treatments.
PharmaMar announces the IDMC's response on the CORAIL trial using PM1183
PharmaMar announces that it has received the approval from the Independent Data Monitoring Committee (IDMC) to continue with the pivotal CORAIL study of PM1183 (lurbinectedin) in patients with platinum-resistant ovarian cancer up to the recruitment of the 420 patients established in the protocol.
Human brain clocks exposed: Effects of circadian clocks and sleep loss vary across brain regions, new study finds
In a new study published today in the journal Science, a team of researchers from the University of Liege and the University of Surrey have scanned the brains of 33 participants across such a two-day sleep deprivation period and following recovery sleep.
UTA researcher wins grant to use data mining to improve depression diagnosis, treatment
Heng Huang, a professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department, won a three-year, $500,000 National Science Foundation grant to use data mining to efficiently catalog and track depression patients' 'thought records' so that doctors and therapists can better identify patients' treatment needs.
Study finds Hispanic men in California need more screening for colorectal cancer
Colorectal cancer incidence and mortality rates in California have decreased markedly for men and women in all major racial-ethnic groups since 1990, except for Hispanic men -- a disparity that can be improved by greater screening, a study from the UC Davis Institute for Population Health Improvement (IPHI) has found.
Paraplegics regain some feeling, movement after using brain-machine interfaces
Eight people who have spent years paralyzed from spinal cord injuries have regained partial sensation and muscle control in their lower limbs after training with brain-controlled robotics, according to a study published Aug.
NASA climate modeling suggests Venus may have been habitable
Venus may have had a shallow liquid-water ocean and habitable surface temperatures for up to two billion years of its early history, according to NASA computer modeling of the planet's ancient climate.
Sequencing of fungal disease genomes may help prevent banana armageddon
Researchers at the University of California, Davis, and in the Netherlands have discovered how a group of three closely related fungal pathogens have evolved into a lethal threat to the world's bananas, whilst an international consortium led by scientists from Wageningen University & Research Centre has unravelled the DNA of the fungus that causes black Sigatoka disease in bananas.
Research shows backup plans may keep you from achieving your goal
When it comes to setting organizational and personal goals, making a backup plan has been seen as a sensible way to deal with uncertainty -- to be prepared if things don't go as expected.
Here's how deep learning neural networks are designed
World Scientific's latest book 'Deep Learning Neural Networks: Design and Case Studies' shows how DLNN can be a powerful computational tool for solving prediction, diagnosis, detection and decision problems based on a well-defined computational architecture.

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