Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 22, 2016
New study shows esophageal cancers driven by 'marginal gain' rather than speed
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute scientists have shown that unexpectedly, esophageal cancer cells do not divide faster than their normal neighbors.

Children should eat less than 25 grams of added sugars daily
In new recommendations from the American Heart Association designed to keep kids healthy, experts recommend children consume less than six teaspoons of added sugars per day.

Chimpanzees choose cooperation over competition
Tasks that require chimpanzees to work together preferred five-fold, despite opportunities for competition, aggression and freeloading.

Study measures methane release from Arctic permafrost
A University of Alaska Fairbanks-led research project has provided the first modern evidence of a landscape-level permafrost carbon feedback, in which thawing permafrost releases ancient carbon as climate-warming greenhouse gases.

Is it your second cousin? Cotton swabs may tell you
With a new technique developed at Kyoto University, a simple swab sample can accurately confirm relatedness between two individuals as distant as second cousins.

Low protein diets may improve blood sugar regulation in obesity
In this issue of the JCI, research led by Adam Rose at the German Cancer Research Center demonstrated that very low protein diets can improve glucose homeostasis in mice and humans.

New types of African Salmonella associated with lethal infection
The first global-scale genetic study of Salmonella Enteritidis bacteria, which is a major cause of blood poisoning and death in Africa and food poisoning in the Western World, has discovered that there are in fact three separate types.

Tel Aviv University research reveals how melanoma spreads to other organs in the body
In a landmark discovery, researchers at Tel Aviv University have unraveled the metastatic mechanism of melanoma, the most aggressive of all skin cancers.

Logged rainforests can be an 'ark' for mammals, extensive study shows
Research reveals that large areas of 'degraded' forest in Southeast Asia can play an important role in conserving mammal diversity.

Bioimaging: A clear view of the nervous system
A new and versatile imaging technique enables researchers to trace the trajectories of whole nerve cells and provides extensive insights into the structure of neuronal networks.

Stroke-like brain damage is reduced in mice injected with omega-3s
Researchers from Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) found that omega-3 fatty acids reduced brain damage in a neonatal mouse model of stroke.

Russian and US scientists collaborate to map migration paths of Arctic breeding birds
Conservation of intertidal habitat -- 65 percent of which has been lost over the last 50 years -- is critical to the survival of countless birds during migration on the East Asian Australasian Flyway.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Fiona weakening from wind shear
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Tropical Storm Fiona as it was being weakened by wind shear in the Central Atlantic Ocean.

New device could help improve taste of foods low in fat, sugar and salt
Scientists may be closing in on a way to let consumers savor the sweet taste of cake, cookies and other delights without the sugar rush.

World's biggest telescope meets world's second fastest supercomputer
A prototype part of the software system to manage data from the Square Kilometre Array telescope has run on the world's second fastest supercomputer in China.

UTMB researchers protect against lethal Ebola Sudan infection four days after infection
Researchers at The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, in collaboration with Arbutus Biopharma Corporation, have protected nonhuman primates against Ebola Sudan four days following exposure to the virus.

New microchip demonstrates efficiency and scalable design
The Piton chip's architecture is scalable; designs can be built which go from a dozen processing units (called cores) to several thousand.

Hope for reversing stroke-induced long-term disability
Permanent brain damage from a stroke may be reversible thanks to a developing therapeutic technique, a USC-led study has found.

Bubble-wrapped sponge creates steam using sunlight
How do you boil water? Eschewing the traditional kettle and flame, MIT engineers have invented a bubble-wrapped, sponge-like device that soaks up natural sunlight and heats water to boiling temperatures, generating steam through its pores.

Antibiotic treatment increased risk for type 1 diabetes in animal study
In doses equivalent to those used regularly in human children, antibiotics changed the mix of gut microbes in young mice to dramatically increase their risk for type 1 diabetes.

Fragments of cell powerhouse trigger immune response that leads to kidney damage, failure after trauma
Following major trauma like a car crash, debris from the powerhouses of damaged cells appear to make their way to an immune system outpost in the kidneys, setting in motion events that can permanently damage or destroy the organs.

AGA answers call for quality colorectal cancer patient info
Patients depend on the Internet for health information, but when it comes to colorectal cancer, currently available resources are not meeting their needs.

Why prisons continue to grow, even when crime declines
The US prison population continued to rise even after the crime rate began declining in the mid-1990s because judges were faced with more repeat offenders, a new study suggests.

New theory could lead to new generation of energy friendly optoelectronics
Researchers at Queen's University Belfast and ETH Zurich, Switzerland, have created a new theoretical framework which could help physicists and device engineers design better optoelectronics, leading to less heat generation and power consumption in electronic devices which source, detect, and control light.

AgriLife researcher takes close look at 'inflamm-aging'
In research recently published in the premier science journal Aging, Dr.

Clemson awarded USDA-NIFA grant in computational genomics to train students from underrepresented groups
Clemson University's Institute of Translational Genomics -- which continues to gain prominence for stretching the limits of computational research in agriculture and health -- will soon be expanding its reach even further with the addition of a three-year fellowship program designed to recruit and develop future leaders in the burgeoning field of agriculturally oriented computational science.

Study suggests ways to improved immunity in older people
Researchers use new experimental models and analytical tools to investigate genes regulated by Foxn1, becoming the first to identify the DNA sequence bound by the transcription factor.

Sub-Saharan Africans satisfied with their sex lives; 18 percent rate them a perfect 10
People in Africa's Sub-Sahara region, a relatively undeveloped area, are generally satisfied with their sex lives, with the most common rating -- reported by 18 percent of survey respondents -- being a perfect '10,' according to Baylor University research to be presented Monday at the 111th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association.

Simple new test could improve diagnosis of tuberculosis in developing nations
The current test used in developing nations to diagnose tuberculosis is error-prone, complicated and slow.

One approach can prevent teen obesity, eating disorders, new guidelines say
A single approach can prevent both obesity and eating disorders in teenagers, according to new guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Researchers reduce expensive noble metals for fuel cell reactions
Washington State University researchers have developed a novel nanomaterial that could improve the performance and lower the costs of fuel cells by using fewer precious metals like platinum or palladium.

New discovery in genetic research could lead to treatments for mitochondrial diseases
Researchers have succeeded in creating embryos with 'heteroplasmy,' or the presence of both maternal and paternal mitochondrial DNA.

Louisiana Tech University professor receives NSF grant to advance brain research
The National Science Foundation has awarded a team led by Dr.

Protecting plain tobacco packaging against industry influence
Canada's public consultation on plain packaging for tobacco requires strict guidelines to protect against interference by the tobacco industry, and media must also be wary, according to a commentary in CMAJ.

Australia's longest-running women's health study to add children's data
The Mothers and their Children's Health (MatCH) Study will link 20 years of women's health and socio-demographic data to their children's outcomes.

Why prisons continue to grow, even when crime declines
A new study may help explain why the number of people in prison in the United States continued to rise, even as the crime rate declined significantly.

'Artificial atom' created in graphene
When they are confined to a small space, the behavior of electrons can only be explained by quantum physics.

Novel MRI technique distinguishes healthy prostate tissue from cancer using zinc
A novel MRI method that detects low levels of zinc ion can help distinguish healthy prostate tissue from cancer, UT Southwestern Medical Center radiologists have determined.

Ramen noodles supplanting cigarettes as currency among prisoners
Ramen noodles are supplanting the once popular cigarettes as a form of currency among state prisoners, but not in response to bans on tobacco products within prison systems, finds a new study.

Blocking release of the hormone ghrelin may mediate low blood sugar effect
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified a previously unknown role of a cellular signaling molecule involved in release of the 'hunger hormone' ghrelin, a finding that could have implications for optimal treatment of children taking beta blockers.

Urban pumping raises arsenic risk in Southeast Asia
Large-scale groundwater pumping is opening doors for dangerously high levels of arsenic to enter some of Southeast Asia's aquifers, with water now seeping in through riverbeds with arsenic concentrations more than 100 times the limits of safety, according to a new study from scientists at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, MIT, and Hanoi University of Science.

Elongation by contraction
Scientists from the Mechanobiology Institute at the National University of Singapore have discovered a new mechanism of cell boundary elongation.

Reducing tire waste by using completely degradable, synthetic rubber
Scrap tires pile up in landfills, have fed enormous toxic fires, harbor pests and get burned for fuel.

How cars could meet future emissions standards: Focus on cold starts
Car emissions is a high-stakes issue, as last year's Volkswagen scandal demonstrated.

A collection of practical algorithms for polynomial inequality proving and discovering
'Automated Inequality Proving and Discovering' is the first book that focuses on practical algorithms for polynomial inequality proving and discovering.

Great Recession's other legacy: Inconsistent work hours
A new study by researchers at the University of California-Davis, finds that an unpredictable work week is the norm for growing numbers of low-wage workers -- nearly 40 percent of whom worked variable hours for at least one four-month period after the start of the 2007-09 Great Recession.

Media invited to lemur research, conservation symposium at Duke University
Media are invited to learn more about the latest research on lemurs and their conservation at a two-day symposium at Duke University in Durham, NC.

Sleep makes relearning faster and longer-lasting
Getting some sleep in between study sessions may make it easier to recall what you studied and relearn what you've forgotten, even six months later, according to new findings from Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Carnegie Mellon and Near Earth Autonomy robots and drones put on a show at Clemson
A rumbling robot and several high-flying drones recently made an on-site appearance at Clemson University to burrow through and buzz above 15 acres of experimental sorghum plots containing more than 2,800 replicated entries.

Mayo Clinic researchers investigate protein's role in cell division
In a paper published recently in the journal eLife, Mayo Clinic scientists take a step toward translating the protein BubR1's function into a potential therapy for cancer.

Strong external governance makes top managers more prone to cheat
When top-level managers find governance mechanisms too coercive, they're more likely to commit fraud, according to a new paper by strategic management experts at Rice University's Jones Graduate School of Business, Auburn University's Harbert College of Business and Indiana University's Kelley School of Business.

Religious actions convey pro-social intent, finds study
A new study suggests that people who participate in regular religious acts send a clear signal to others that they're ready and willing to contribute to their communities.

Fussy infants find food more rewarding, putting them at higher risk for obesity
Babies that seem to get upset more easily and take longer to calm down may be at higher risk for obesity while babies that exhibit more 'cuddliness' and calm down easily are less likely at risk, according to a University at Buffalo study.

Beginning pornography use associated with increase in probability of divorce
Beginning pornography use is associated with a substantial increase in the probability of divorce for married Americans, and this increase is especially large for women, finds a new study.

Syracuse, Cal State Fullerton awarded grant to enhance diversity in astrophysics
The five-year project is called 'Catching a New Wave: The CSUF-Syracuse Partnership for Inclusion of Underrepresented Groups in Gravitational-Wave Astronomy.' Sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the project aims to increase the representation of Hispanic and Latino/a students, populations traditionally underrepresented in the study and teaching of astronomy and physics.

Charting A Path Forward: The Future of Bioethics Advisory Bodies Bioethics Commission Public Meeting
At its 26th public meeting on Aug. 31, 2016, the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues will continue the discussion that began at its 25th meeting, reflecting on the past, present, and future impact of national bioethics advisory bodies.

New understanding of pulmonary hypertension leads to promising drug targets
A groundbreaking study from the University of Pittsburgh and UPMC identifies new compounds that could have robust effects in treating pulmonary hypertension.

Cells' steering wheel
A new mechanism clarifies how cells migrate.

Antarctica's past shows region's vulnerability to climate change
Fresh understanding of West Antarctica has revealed how the region's ice sheet could become unstable in a warming world.

New drug target could prevent tolerance and addiction to opioids, study finds
Researchers have identified a brain mechanism that could be a drug target to help prevent tolerance and addiction to opioid pain medication, such as morphine, according to a study by Georgia State University and Emory University.

New global migration mapping to help fight against infectious diseases
Geographers at the University of Southampton have completed a large scale data and mapping project to track the flow of internal human migration in low and middle income countries.

Using science to reduce health consequences of early childhood adversity
How early experiences are built into the body with lasting effects on learning, behavior and health may be made clearer through advances in science.

Dartmouth-led research on how attention works in the brain receives NSF award
A collaborative research project on the neural basis of attention, to be led by Peter Ulric Tse, professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Dartmouth, has been awarded $6 million by the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Fall in UK cardiovascular disease toll not equal among all 4 countries or genders
UK deaths from heart disease and stroke have plummeted by almost 70 percent over the past 30 years, but these improvements have not been equally distributed among all four countries, or between men and women, finds an analysis of the available data, published online in the journal Heart.

Doctors identify potential 'bagpipe lung' hazard for wind instrument players
Doctors writing in the journal Thorax have warned musicians who play wind instruments of a potential hazard they have dubbed 'bagpipe lung.'

Immune breakthrough: Unscratching poison ivy's rash
Imaging CoE and Harvard researchers have discovered the molecular cause of this irritation.

Genetic regulation of the thymus function identified
Researchers at the universities of Basel and Oxford have for the first time identified all genes regulated by the protein Foxn1.

Map helps maximize carbon-capture material
A map will help natural gas producers fine-tune porous materials to sequester carbon dioxide to both help the environment and reduce costs, according to Rice University scientists.

How often should you have a mammogram? Breast density and risk can inform decision
Women between the ages of 50 and 74 may benefit from more or less frequent mammography screening than is generally recommended, depending on breast density and risk.

Does owning a well foster environmental citizenship? A new study provides evidence
Kansans who own water wells show more awareness of state water policy issues than those who rely on municipal water supplies, according to a study that could have implications for groundwater management and environmental policies.

Soluble corn fiber can help young women build bone, and older women preserve bone
Supplementing with soluble corn fiber at two critical times in a woman's life -- adolescence and post-menopause -- can help build and retain calcium in bone, according to new research from Purdue University.

PPPL and Princeton help lead center for study of runaway electrons
Article describes new center to explore and mitigate runaway electrons that pose challenge to ITER.

Gene therapy via ultrasound could offer new therapeutic tool
Combining ultrasound energy and microbubbles to poke holes in cells may prove to be a new tool in the fight against cardiovascular disease and cancer.

More psychiatrists will not improve access to mental health care, Canadian study suggests
Increasing the supply of psychiatrists in Ontario, Canada has not significantly improved access to psychiatric care, according to a new study from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences.

Problems in mechanics open the door to the orderly world of chaos
Despite the impression given in most mechanics texts, most non-trivial mechanics problems simply have no analytic solutions.

Hibernating pygmy-possums can sense danger even while dormant
What happens to hibernating or torpid animals when a bushfire rages?

Sick animals limit disease transmission by isolating themselves from their peers
Sick wild house mice spend time away from their social groups, leading to a decrease in their potential for disease transmission according to a new study by evolutionary biologists from the University of Zurich in collaboration with the ETH Zurich.

Experts call for better services for patients with facial pain
Patients with persistent face pain should be tested to ensure they get the best and most rapid treatment whilst also saving the NHS money, say experts at Newcastle University.

How cell nuclei squeeze into tight spaces
As cells move throughout our bodies, they often have to squeeze through tight nooks and crannies in their environment, reliably springing back to their original shape.

Stem cell therapy heals injured mouse brain
A team of researchers has developed a therapeutic technique that dramatically increases the production of new neurons in mice with stroke-induced brain damage.

Some signs of induced seismicity spotted in Salton Trough's geothermal production fields
In some parts of Southern California's Brawley Seismic Zone, geothermal energy production may be increasing the background seismicity rate, but changes in earthquake rates elsewhere in the area seem to have natural causes, according to a report published online Aug.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP Satellite sees two Tropical Cyclones near Japan
Tropical Storm Lionrock was east of Kyushu, the southwestern-most of Japan's main islands while Tropical Storm Mindulle was southeast of Toyko when NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed overheard on Aug.

Two key proteins preserve vital genetic information
New research from The Wistar Institute demonstrates how two key proteins mediate the organization of chromosomes and our genome, shedding light on one of the key genetic processes for every person.

Nanoparticles that speed blood clotting may someday save lives
Whether severe trauma occurs on the battlefield or the highway, saving lives often comes down to stopping the bleeding as quickly as possible.

Study shows acetaminophen can be tolerated by children with mild, persistent asthma
New study finds young children with mild, persistent asthma, can tolerate acetaminophen without the worsening of asthma, when compared with ibuprofen use.

Full adherence to guideline-recommend therapies associated with lower rate of MACE
MINERVA results demonstrate full adherence to guideline-recommended therapies associated with lower rate of a second major cardiovascular event and cost savings

Single-celled fungi multiply, alien-like, by fusing cells in host
UC San Diego biologists report in this week's issue of Nature Microbiology that microsporidia fuse the cells of their animal hosts together so they can multiply and quickly spread, alien-like, within their hosts' uninfected cells.

Rx associated with fracture risk infrequently reduced after fracture occurrence
Is the occurrence of a fragility fracture -- where Medicare beneficiaries broke a hip, wrist or shoulder -- a missed opportunity to reduce exposure to prescription drugs associated with fracture risk?

Infants develop early understanding of social nature of food
A new study conducted at the University of Chicago finds infants develop expectations about what people prefer to eat, providing early evidence of the social nature through which humans understand food.

Tunneling nanotubes between neurons enable the spread of Parkinson's disease via lysosomes
Scientists from the Institut Pasteur have demonstrated the role of lysosomal vesicles in transporting α-synuclein aggregates, responsible for Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases, between neurons.

Researchers investigate environmental movements and neoliberalism
Recent dynamics of global environmentalism, ranging from indigenous people's rights to the reliance on non-governmental organizations, have been marked by a resurgence in environmental movements that more aggressively resist natural resource extraction, according to two University of Kansas researchers.

Light and matter merge in quantum coupling
Rice University physicists probe the boundaries of light-matter interactions as they bridge traditional condensed matter physics and cavity-based quantum optics.

Study sheds light on how to reduce fracture risk in elderly
Fragility fractures are a significant source of sickness and death among the elderly population in the United States.

Survey finds deep concerns among young people of color about crim justice and gun violence
A new survey released today highlights how race and ethnicity shape the opinions of the country's most diverse generation by exploring the most critical and timely political, social, and economic issues impacting the United States.

After the heart attack: Injectable gels could prevent future heart failure (video)
During a heart attack, clots or narrowed arteries block blood flow, harming or killing cells in the heart.

Lousy jobs hurt your health by the time you're in your 40s
Job satisfaction in your late 20s and 30s has a link to overall health in your early 40s, according to a new nationwide study.

Better understanding seismic hazards
ASU researchers find complex relationship between major earthquake faulting and mountain building in the Himalayas.

After a fracture, it's time to rethink medications
Gerontologists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research underscore the importance of reviewing patients' prescription medications in the wake of a fracture.

Greater academic achievement in high school increases likelihood of moving away
High school students who completed higher levels of math, performed better academically, and had a greater sense of control of their future were more likely to migrate and work in labor markets with larger shares of college-educated workers, according to a new study.

Beetles pollinated orchids millions of year ago, fossil evidence shows
When most people hear the word 'pollinator,' they think of bees and butterflies.

Watching thoughts -- and addiction -- form in the brain
In a classic experiment, Ivan Pavlov conditioned dogs to salivate at the ringing of a bell.

Sub-Saharan Africans satisfied with their sex lives, with 18 percent rating them a perfect 10
People in Africa's Sub-Sahara region, a relatively undeveloped area, are generally satisfied with their sex lives, with the most common rating -- reported by 18 percent of respondents -- being a perfect '10,' according to Baylor University research.

New flexible material can make any window 'smart'
Delia Milliron and her team's advancement is a new low-temperature process for coating a new smart material on plastic.

Monkeys with Sudan ebolavirus treated successfully
Scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have successfully treated monkeys several days after the animals were infected with Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV).

Forensic analysis of pigtails to help identify original 'mutineers of H.M.S. Bounty'
Ten pigtails of hair thought to be from seven mutineers of 'Mutiny on the Bounty' fame and three of their female Polynesian companions will be analyzed in a new collaboration between the Pitcairn Islands Study Centre at Pacific Union College and the forensic DNA group at King's College London.

Socioeconomic factors -- not race or ethnicity -- influence survival of younger patients with multiple myeloma
Advances in the treatment of multiple myeloma, a cancer that forms in a type of white blood cell, have led to improved survival predominantly among young and white patients, with less of an increase in survival observed in patients of other ethnicities.

In the ocean, clever camouflage beats super sight
Some fish blend seamlessly into their watery surroundings with help from their silvery reflective skin.

New gas extraction methods increase price responsiveness
Over the past decade, the shale revolution, driven by unconventional methods such as hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling techniques, has fundamentally changed how natural gas is produced in the United States.

Climate change may extend ozone season in the Southeastern US
Extreme weather conditions associated with climate change may extend the ozone season in the Southeastern United States as drought-stressed trees emit more of the precursor compound that helps form the health-threatening pollutant.

UA biomedical engineer sheds light on the mysteries of vision
University of Arizona biomedical engineer Erika Eggers examines how eyes adapt to light and retinal signaling pathways that may lead to blindness in people with diabetes, with $2.8 million from the National Science Foundation and National Eye Institute.

Major changes needed to improve palliative care in Canada
Canada's approach to palliative care must be broadened to offer support to people with serious chronic illnesses other than cancer, states an analysis in CMAJ.

Canine hereditary disorders are more widespread than previously indicated
Genoscoper Ltd. has published in cooperation with the researchers of University of Helsinki and Pennsylvania (USA) so far the most comprehensive study on canine hereditary disorders.

American Fisheries Society recognizes Bill Hogarth with top conservation award
The American Fisheries Society is honoring recently retired Florida Institute of Oceanography Director Bill Hogarth with the Carl R.

Survey finds vast majority of Americans think US is divided over values and politics
Americans see their country as deeply divided over values and politics -- a gap they do not expect to diminish any time soon, according to a new survey conducted by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

Expecting the worst increases side-effects in breast cancer patients on hormone therapies
A study of women receiving hormone therapies such as tamoxifen as part of their treatment for breast cancer has found that the number and seriousness of side effects they experienced were influenced by their expectations.

Fighting barnacle buildup with biology
Biological growth along the bottoms of boats is more than just an eyesore.

Lousy jobs hurt your health by the time you're in your 40s
Job satisfaction in your late 20s and 30s has a link to overall health in your early 40s, according to a new nationwide study.

UTSA, UT Health Science Center receive nearly $4.6 million grant for cancer research
The Center for Innovative Drug Discovery, a joint venture between The University of Texas at San Antonio and the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, has been awarded a $4,598,728 grant from the Cancer Prevention & Research Institute of Texas to support its research in designing better, more effective cancer drugs through small molecule drug discovery.

'Cyclops' beetles hint at solution to 'chicken-and-egg' problem in novel trait evolution
Beetles with cyclops eyes have given Indiana University scientists insight into how new traits may evolve through the recruitment of existing genes -- even if these genes are already carrying out critical functions.

The science of diffusion and the spread of public policy
A research team at New York University and University of California, Los Angeles collaborated on merging the domains of health policy with network science and dynamical systems to help understand the mechanisms of policy diffusion in the same way we understand the diffusion of one substance into another.

Health-care consumer advocates chose moderation, won some successes in Medicaid debate
Even though most consumer advocate groups were likely opposed to Medicaid reform, advocates tended to frame the problem of reform in terms of symptoms, such as accountability, transparency and troubles that providers and consumers would experience instead of a wholesale opposition to privatizing the system, study finds.

Umbilical cells shed light on how obesity may pass from mother to child
Researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center now have demonstrated that umbilical cells from children of obese or overweight mothers show impaired expression of key genes regulating cell energy and metabolism, compared to similar cells from babies of non-obese mothers.

Many stroke patients experience delays in seeking and receiving care
A new study reveals that many patients are not aware that they are having a stroke when they are experiencing symptoms.

Severe obesity revealed as a stand-alone high-risk factor for heart failure
A study by Johns Hopkins researchers of more than 13,000 people has found that even after accounting for such risk factors as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes, so-called morbid obesity appears to stand alone as a standout risk for heart failure, but not for other major types of heart disease.

Scientists challenge recommendation that men with more muscle need more protein
Sports nutrition recommendations may undergo a significant shift after research from the University of Stirling has found individuals with more muscle mass do not need more protein after resistance exercise.

Study validates new tool for diagnosing dehydration in children
A simple new method for assessing dehydration from diarrhea, which kills hundreds of thousands of children each year worldwide, has proven accurate and reliable.

UCI-led study finds novel molecular clues behind nocturnal behavior
Research from University of California, Irvine scientists and their colleagues offers new insights into why many animals sleep at night and are active during the day, while others do the reverse.

World's most efficient AES crypto processing technology for IoT devices developed
Our research group has discovered a new technique for compressing the computations of encryption and decryption operations known as Galois field arithmetic operations, and has succeeded in developing the world's most efficient Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cryptographic processing circuit, whose energy consumption is reduced by more than 50% of the current level.

Lehigh chemist recognized for work on immunotherapy to fight bacteria
Marcos Pires, assistant professor of chemistry at Lehigh University, is pioneering a promising alternative to antibiotics that would allow the immune system do the dirty work.

NIH researchers discover otulipenia, a new inflammatory disease
National Institutes of Health researchers have discovered a rare and sometimes lethal inflammatory disease -- otulipenia -- that primarily affects young children. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to