Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 23, 2016
Chemistry 2.0: KIT participates in INERATEC spinoff
Apart from teaching and research, innovation is one of the three core tasks of KIT.

NASA sees a fading Fiona in Atlantic
When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the eastern Atlantic Ocean it looked at the weakening Tropical Depression Fiona and a developing tropical low pressure area named System 99L.

Can the high cost of prescription drugs in the US Be contained?
Special Communication examines sources of high drug prices in the US and possible solutions to reduce unnecessary burdens on patients while maintaining innovation

LiH mediates low-temperature ammonia synthesis
The Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics research group led by Professor Chen Ping demonstrates, for the first time, that the scaling relations on catalytic NH3 synthesis can be 'broken.' Thus, NH3 synthesis under mild reaction conditions can be achieved at an unprecedentedly high rate over a new set of catalysts.

MDI Biological Laboratory scientists awarded patent for potential new heart disease drug
The US Patent and Trademark Office has announced that it will grant a patent to MDI Biological Laboratory scientists Voot P.

Study reveals surprising role of haze in the warming of Chinese cities
A new Yale-led study suggests that regional variations may cause the phenomenon known as the urban heat island effect, and that the impacts of haze pollution in the US and China vary significantly.

NASA satellite spots new tropical depression in Northwestern Pacific Ocean
The Northwestern Pacific Ocean has seen quite a number of tropical cyclones in the last two weeks and another has just formed north of Guam triggering warnings on several islands.

The past, present & future of gravitational-wave astronomy, with Kip Thorne & Rainer Weiss
In an interview published online this week, the winners of the 2016 Kavli Prize in Astrophysics discuss their 40-year effort to detect gravitational waves, the elusive ripples in the fabric of space-time that Albert Einstein so boldly predicted.

Drinking green tea to prevent artery explosion
Green tea could prevent a deadly condition in the body's main artery.

NASA witnesses Atlantic's Tropical Storm Gaston coming together
Tropical Storm Gaston was forming in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean as NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed overhead and captured a visible image of the storm.

Chemicals banned decades ago linked to increased autism risk today
A group of man-made chemicals used in some pesticides and insulating materials banned in the 1970s continues to linger in the United States, and new research by a Drexel University professor and colleagues found that high levels of exposure to some of them during pregnancy may increase the likelihood of a child being diagnosed with autism by roughly 80 percent.

Tech issues cause most drone accidents: Research
Researchers have found that communications links and other technical problems were the cause of most reported drone accidents.

Among veterans, painkiller misuse strongly linked to starting heroin
In a study that followed thousands of veterans over a decade, initiating non-medical use of opioid painkillers was associated with a more than five-fold risk of also beginning to use heroin.

Nanofur for oil spill cleanup
Some water ferns can absorb large volumes of oil within a short time, because their leaves are strongly water-repellent and, at the same time, highly oil-absorbing.

New insights on the relationship between erosion and tectonics in the Himalayas
Can processes unfolding at the Earth's surface be strong enough to influence tectonics?

NIH announces winners of undergraduate biomedical engineering design competition
In a nation-wide competition, six teams of undergraduate engineering students produced prize-winning designs for technological advances to improve human health.

How sleep deprivation harms memory
Researchers from the Universities of Groningen (Netherlands) and Pennsylvania have discovered a piece in the puzzle of how sleep deprivation negatively affects memory.

New class of fuel cells offer increased flexibility, lower cost
A new class of fuel cells based on a newly discovered polymer-based material could bridge the gap between the operating temperature ranges of two existing types of polymer fuel cells, a breakthrough with the potential to accelerate the commercialization of low-cost fuel cells for automotive and stationary applications.

New surgical option for breast cancer comes to the US
Breast cancer patients will have a new surgical option for cancer detection thanks to a new device co-invented by University of Houston and University College of London scientists.

Reef castaways: Can coral make it across Darwin's 'impassable' barrier?
An international team of researchers have shown that vulnerable coral populations in the eastern tropical Pacific have been completely isolated from the rest of the Pacific Ocean for at least the past two decades.

Hayslip to receive GSA's 2016 Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Bert Hayslip Jr., Ph.D., of the University of North Texas as the 2016 recipient of the Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award.

MRI scans may be useful in diagnosing chronic traumatic encephalopathy, UCLA study shows
UCLA doctors use MRI-based technique to detect shrinkage in brain consistent with CTE -- could lead to diagnosis in the living.

Study examines families' journeys to accepting transgender children
A tiny hair barrette and an anguished moment marked the turning point for one mother in coming to fully accept that her child, who was born a boy, was a transgender girl.

NIST's compact gyroscope may turn heads
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has demonstrated a compact atomic gyroscope design that could, with further development, be portable, low power, and accurate enough to be used for navigation.

Research opens up new treatment route for inflammatory rheumatism
Enthesitis, inflammation of tendons where they attach to the bone, is a common medical problem which underlies various forms of inflammatory rheumatism.

New technology may give electric car drivers more miles per minute of charging
Researchers have designed a thin plastic membrane that stops rechargeable batteries from discharging when not in use and allows for rapid recharging.

Reframing body weight as baby weight may help women handle pregnancy
Pregnant women often rely on two identities -- a pregnant self and a non-pregnant self -- to help them navigate the profound psychological and physiological effects that pregnancy has on their body image, according to a Penn State Abington researcher.

NSF awards $110 million to bring advanced cyberinfrastructure to nation's researchers
Today, the National Science Foundation announced a $110 million award to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and 18 partner institutions to expand activities undertaken through the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE).

Why are we now? Researchers suggest life on Earth may be early in cosmic terms
Why does life on Earth exist now, rather than at some point in the distant past or future?

Unraveling the crystal structure of a -70° Celsius superconductor, a world first
For the first time in the world, a research group led by Osaka University, Japan, clarified the crystal structure of hydrogen sulfide in its superconducting phase at the high temperature of -70°C.

Castle to receive GSA's 2016 Elaine M. Brody Thought Leader Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Nicholas G.

Modelling water uptake in wood opens up new design framework
Analytical approach could accelerate the development of new preservation treatments delivering environmental benefits and help in the design of bio-inspired smart actuators.

Darwin's theory about 'impassable' marine barrier holds true for coral larvae in the Pacific
An international team of scientists used a state-of-the-art computer model, a high-powered supercomputer, and five billion 'virtual' coral larvae to test Charles Darwin's 1880 hypothesis that marine species cannot cross the Eastern Pacific's 'impassable' marine barrier.

Music at work increases cooperation, teamwork
Cornell University researchers found that music can have important effects on the cooperative spirits of those exposed to music.

Use of electric power morcellation for hysterectomy declines following FDA warning
In a study appearing in the Aug. 23/30 issue of JAMA, Jason D.

Nanofiber scaffolds demonstrate new features in the behavior of stem and cancer cells
A discovery in the field of biomaterials may open new frontiers in stem and cancer cell manipulation and associated advanced therapy development.

Understanding nature's patterns with plasmas
Patterns abound in nature, from zebra stripes and leopard spots to honeycombs and bands of clouds.

The demise of the Maya civilization: Water shortage can destroy cultures
Water reservoirs provide relief during short periods of drought. They can, however, make a society even more vulnerable to major catastrophes, if the population keeps growing without changing their habits.

Relief for epilepsy at the scale of a single cell
Researchers at Linköping University have developed in collaboration with French colleagues a small device that both detects the initial signal of an epileptic attack and doses a substance that effectively stops it.

Melatonin boost a key to fighting breast cancer
Melatonin, a hormone produced in the human brain, appears to suppress the growth of breast cancer tumors.

Streamlining accelerated computing for industry
In an effort to modernize CFD, a group of Imperial College researchers has developed new open-source software called PyFR, a Python-based application that combines highly accurate numerical methods with a highly flexible, portable, and scalable code implementation that makes efficient use of accelerators.

New study provides important insight into how tumors metastasize
Research has shown that the growth of cancerous tumors is affected by Transforming growth factor (TGFbeta) in the body's cells; TGFbeta both suppresses and stimulates tumor development, but it has not been understood how this happens.

BUH awards BRI $8 million to lead new asthma and allergic diseases cooperative research center
The NIH recently awarded BRI $8 million to lead a cooperative research center in Seattle to study the immune system's responses to allergens in the lungs.

Thomas to receive GSA's 2016 Carroll L. Estes Rising Star Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Kali St.

Intravenous glyburide treatment may reduce dangerous brain swelling after stroke
A phase 2 clinical trial of a drug that may alleviate brain swelling -- a dangerous stroke complication -- suggests the treatment may help reduce brain injury and death, and information from the study will help design the phase 3 trial.

Vanderbilt receives major grant to enhance pulmonary fibrosis research
Vanderbilt University Medical Center has received an $11 million program project renewal grant from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to study the genetics and underlying biological mechanisms that lead to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Penn medicine researchers predict sudden cardiac death risk
For the first time, a team of researchers led by Rajat Deo, MD, MTR, an assistant professor of Cardiovascular Medicine in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, has developed and validated a prediction model to determine sudden cardiac death risk in adults without a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Discovery could provide new prevention, treatment option for organ transplant rejection
Targeting certain donor cells lowered the risk of organ rejection in mice that underwent kidney and heart transplants.

Study finds vision loss due to diabetes is rising globally
Diabetes has become one of the top causes of vision loss around the world, according to an article published on August 23, 2016 in Diabetes Care journal by a global consortium led by researchers at Nova Southeastern University's College of Optometry in Fort Lauderdale/Davie, Florida, and the Vision and Eye Care Unit at Anglia Ruskin University in Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Recommended blood pressure targets for diabetes are being challenged
The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare recently raised the recommended target blood pressure for patients with diabetes.

Study reveals new physics of how fluids flow in porous media
Detailed lab experiments from MIT and Oxford University provide fresh insight into the physics of fluid-fluid displacement in porous media, crucial to applications like carbon dioxide sequestration or fuel cell operation.

Biological invasions threaten developing countries
Invasions from alien species such as Japanese knotweed and grey squirrels threaten the economies and livelihoods of residents of some of the world's poorest nations, new University of Exeter research shows.

Private detention of immigrants deters family visits, study finds
Immigrants detained in a privately run detention facility while awaiting deportation decisions are far less likely than those held in county or city jails to receive visits from their children, a new study finds.

For young football players, some tackling drills can pose higher injury risks than games
Researchers used biomechanical sensors to investigate exposure to head impacts during practice sessions and games in 9- to 11-year-olds engaged in a youth football program.

Studies explore use of genetics to help determine appropriate treatment for fever in children
Two studies appearing in the Aug. 23/30 issue of JAMA examine the use of genetic tests to help rule out a serious bacterial infection in infants with fever, and also to determine if an infection is bacterial or viral in children with fever.

Battery you can swallow could enable future ingestible medical devices
Non-toxic, edible batteries could one day power ingestible devices for diagnosing and treating disease.

BPA can disrupt painted turtles' brain development could be a population health concern
Often, aquatic environments such as rivers and streams become reservoirs for BPA, affecting turtle habitats.

Study uses geo-mapping to identify 'hot spots' for use of fentanyl and other opiates
As the US experiences sharp increases in drug overdoses, researchers in Delaware are using geo-mapping to look at the state, neighborhood by neighborhood, to identify 'hot spots' where the use of prescription fentanyl -- an extremely powerful synthetic opiate, which recently attracted national attention as the drug that caused Prince's death -- and other opiates is especially prevalent.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Lionrock sonsolidating
NASA's Terra satellite captured a visible image of Tropical Storm Lionrock that revealed the storm is consolidating and strengthening.

Scientists to study how rice adapts in salty soil under $4 million NSF grant
A team of scientists will study the response of rice, a food staple for half the world's population, in saline soil conditions under a four-year, $4 million grant from the National Science Foundation's Plant Genome Research Program.

The Book of Judith -- a free translation?
Around 1,600 years ago, the Church Father Jerome took a highly creative approach to the translation of the Old Testament Book of Judith: he cut the original text down to about a half, as the theologian Lydia Lange demonstrates in her doctoral thesis.

Fossilized rivers suggest warm, wet ancient Mars
Extensive systems of fossilized riverbeds have been discovered on an ancient region of the Martian surface, supporting the idea that the now cold and dry Red Planet had a warm and wet climate about 4 billion years ago, according to UCL-led research.

Very low transmission of HIV within couples receiving both ART and PrEP
Providing HIV medication to both members of a couple may substantially reduce the risk of transmission within that couple, according to a study in PLOS Medicine.

New tiny species of extinct Australian marsupial lion named after Sir David Attenborough
The fossil remains of a new tiny species of marsupial lion which prowled the lush rainforests of northern Australia about 18 million years ago have been unearthed in the Riversleigh World Heritage Area of remote north-western Queensland.

Medical scientists discover potent method for improving drug-free fertility treatment
For those facing infertility, IVF has long been the established option to have a baby.

New report: Rate of uninsured young adults drops by more than one-third in Texas
The percentage of young adults ages 18 to 34 in Texas without health insurance has dropped by 35 percent since the Affordable Care Act went into effect, according to a new report released today by Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy and the Episcopal Health Foundation.

Direct and active parent involvement key to healthy living for kids
Parents who directly and actively engage their children in healthy living behavior -- instead of passively 'supporting' the behavior -- are significantly more likely to see their kids meet Canadian guidelines when it comes to physical activity, healthy eating and screen time, new research from Public Health Ontario (PHO) has found.

New report details pre- and postnatal brain defects from Zika virus
The journal Radiology has published a special report, detailing the spectrum of imaging findings in babies and fetuses infected with the Zika virus.

First randomized trial shows IVF culture media affect the outcomes of embryos and babies
Fertility experts are calling on the companies who make the solutions in which embryos are cultured during in vitro fertilization (IVF) to give a clear list of ingredients following publication in the journal Human Reproduction of a trial that shows that the composition of these laboratory cultures affects the outcomes of the resulting embryos and babies in terms of the number of viable embryos created, the rates of successful implantation in the womb, pregnancy rates and babies' birthweights.

UNH scientists unravel genetic ancestry of cultivated strawberry
Scientists from the University of New Hampshire have unlocked a major genetic mystery of one of the ancestors of cultivated strawberry.

New care plan improves outcomes for Crohn's disease complication
The first published combined medical and surgical care plan for managing septic perianal Crohn's disease, a serious complication that occurs in around 40 percent of Crohn's disease patients, has been developed by researchers at Penn State College of Medicine.

Simplify and standardize health insurance plans, advise CMU behavioral economists
In a new NEJM Catalyst paper, Carnegie Mellon University behavioral economists George Loewenstein and Saurabh Bhargava argue that the best way to address the problems caused by health plan complexity is to simplify and standardize the plans.

NASA's Aqua Satellite sees Tropical Depression Kay sevoid of strength
NASA's Aqua satellite saw continually weakening Tropical Depression devoid of thunderstorms when it passed overhead early today, Aug.

Programmable routers could enable more resilient networks
A new design should enable much more flexible traffic management, without sacrificing speed.

Systematic global review of intervention thresholds based on FRAX
According to most current guidelines, treatment for osteoporosis is recommended in individuals with prior fragility fractures -- however for those without prior fractures, intervention thresholds using FRAX® can be derived using different methods.

Lacking other meaningful data, university faculty devise their own evaluation systems
Faculty teaching in the STEM disciplines at large research universities are devising their own systems to collect instructional data from their classrooms and using that data to inform their teaching.

Schulz to receive GSA's 2016 Distinguished Mentorship in Gerontology Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Richard Schulz, Ph.D., of the University of Pittsburgh as the 2016 recipient of the Distinguished Mentorship in Gerontology Award.

Mobile-friendly soybean disease field guide now available
A new mobile-friendly disease field guide will help growers, agents and consultants in the Mid-South quickly assess foliar diseases in soybean fields.

DNA Foundry propels Earlham Institute into precision genomics
The Earlham Institute (EI) builds upon their National Capability in Genomics by adding a state-of-the-art DNA Foundry for Synthetic Biology to their world-leading advanced suite of sequencing technologies.

Early exposure to manganese causes attention deficits in rats
Too much manganese early in development causes lasting attention deficits and other impairments in rats.

Traumatic brain injury associated with long-term psychosocial outcomes
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) during youth is associated with elevated risks of impaired adult functioning, according to a longitudinal study published in PLOS Medicine.

New blood spot test used internationally in fight against HIV
Researchers at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at CU Anschutz have developed a technique that estimates an HIV-negative patient's adherence to drugs prescribed to prevent HIV transmission during sex.

Potential new test to detect serious bacterial infections including meningitis and sepsis
Scientists have identified two genes that are switched on only when a child is suffering from a bacterial infection.

Improving food quality by studying the microbial composition of raw milk
Findings from a new study, reported in the journal mBio, may help food companies improve the quality of dairy products.

Silicon nanoparticles trained to juggle light
Silicon nanoparticles based devices would allow to transmit, reflect, or scatter incident light in a specified direction, depending on its intensity.

Pioneering Alzheimer's prevention study starts enrolling high-risk older adults
Researchers from the Banner Alzheimer's Institute (BAI) today announced they have begun enrolling the first participants in a multi-site study to determine whether two investigational anti-amyloid compounds -- an active immunotherapy and an oral medication -- can prevent or delay the emergence of symptoms of Alzheimer's in people identified by genetic markers as being at particularly high risk for developing the disease at older ages.

Diet and back pain: What's the link?
As part of a collaboration between Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, researchers are exploring the link between diet, obesity-linked type 2 diabetes, and intervertebral disc degeneration.

Specialized test detects bacterial infections in youngest infants with fever
Physicians have established a 'proof of principle' for measuring patterns of ribonucleic acid (RNA) expression in the bloodstream that can enable clinicians to distinguish bacterial infections from other causes of fever in infants up to two months old.

New study reveals adaptations for snub-nosed monkeys
In a heroic effort, authors Ming Li, Ruigiang Li et al. have now sequenced, assembled and analyzed the mutations in the genomes of 38 wild snub-nosed monkeys (from genome mapping of 42 individuals: 27 golden, four gray, two Myanmar and nine black) from four different endangered species of snub-nosed monkeys -- the largest investigation into primate genomics outside of the great apes.

Coral conservation efforts aided by computer simulations
Contrary to a prevailing theory, coral larvae could not survive the five-thousand-kilometer trip across the Pacific Ocean to replenish endangered corals in the eastern Pacific, according to new research.

Evidence of changes to children's brain rhythms following 'brain training'
New research questions the strong claims that have been made about the benefits of 'brain training' -- enhanced mental skills, a boost to education, improved clinical outcomes and sharper everyday functioning.

Resolving the 'Hispanic paradox'
Study co-authored by a UCSB researcher reveals Latinos age slower, neutralizing higher health risks of obesity and diabetes.

Social media in industrial China and social media in rural China
How has the biggest mass migration in human history affected Chinese communication habits?

New Zika clone could be new model for developing vaccine
Stopping the explosive spread of Zika virus -- which can lead to birth defects in babies born to infected mothers -- depends on genetic insights gleaned through new tools and models.

Warbler genomes look to be 99.97 percent alike
New research from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology's Fuller Evolutionary Biology Program shows that, genetically speaking, blue-winged and golden-winged warblers are almost identical.

Prescriptions more affordable after policy changes
Washington State University researchers have seen significant increases in the number of Americans who can afford to fill prescriptions following implementation of the 2003 Medicare Modernization Act and the 2010 Affordable Care Act (also called Obamacare).

Essential oils could counter lung and liver ailments caused by air pollution
Certain ingredients in essential oils made from plants such as cloves, anise, fennel and ylang-ylang could serve as a natural treatment of lung and liver conditions caused by air pollution.

Analog DNA circuit does math in a test tube
Duke University researchers have created strands of synthetic DNA that, when mixed together in a test tube in the right concentrations, form an analog circuit that can add, subtract and multiply as the molecules form and break bonds.

Mutational tug of war over HIV's disease-inducing potential
A study from Emory AIDS researchers shows how the expected disease severity when someone is newly infected by HIV reflects a balance between the virus' invisibility to the host's immune system and its ability to reproduce.

Where can I buy a chair like that? This app will tell you
If you think you have a knack for interior design, or just want to spruce up your own home, new technology developed by Cornell researchers may help you choose furnishings the way professionals do.

Research alliance to improve aquaculture and livestock breeding
The University of Edinburgh's Roslin Institute and Hendrix Genetics, a global leader in animal breeding, have established a research agreement to improve the sustainability of animal production.

New NIH-funded study to identify risks for vulnerability to drug addiction
A new study aims to better understand what makes some individuals particularly vulnerable to developing drug addiction.

Levy, Ferrucci, Zonderman, Slade, Troncoso, Resnick to receive GSA's 2016 Kalish Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has named the following individuals as 2016 recipients of the Richard Kalish Innovative Publication Award: Becca Levy, Ph.D., of Yale University; Luigi Ferrucci, M.D., Ph.D., of the National Institute on Aging; Alan B.

Study suggests that brain damages caused by Zika virus congenital infection go beyond microcephaly
A recent study published by Brazilian researchers indicates brain malformations induced by Zika virus congenital infection.

Rising temperatures could accelerate radiation induced DNA effects in marine mussels
Increased sea temperatures could have a dramatic effect on radiation-induced damage in marine invertebrates, a study led by Plymouth University, in conjunction with the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas) suggests.

Injected mix of bone-augmenting agents causes new bone growth in mouse jaws
A Tokyo Medical and Dental University(TMDU)-centered research team combined a protein that stimulates bone formation with a peptide that promotes osteoblast differentiation, and delivered them into mouse jawbones by injection within a gelatin carrier.

Mechanism that alters neural excitability offers window into neuropsychiatric disease
Researchers show, for the first time, that the well-known mechanism of gene expression control -- dynamic changes in DNA methylation -- is also involved in changes to the excitability of neural cells.

Texas A&M research shows standing desks lower BMI
A landmark study, set to publish tomorrow in the American Journal of Public Health, has found that standing desks lower the BMI trajectory in elementary-aged children over a two-year span--by an average of 5.24 percentile points.

Guaranteed-tuition laws inflating college costs, study finds
While guaranteed-tuition laws such as the one in Illinois may provide predictability for incoming in-state students for their first four years, these mandates inadvertently trigger substantial tuition and fee increases, making higher education more costly and possibly unaffordable for some students, say University of Illinois researchers Jennifer A.

Global forecast assesses countries' invasive species risk, response capacity
A global forecast of how invasive species could travel and spread in the 21st century shows that areas in most critical need of proactive management strategies are those with high poverty levels, rich biodiversity and low historical levels of invasion.

Scientists develop interactive game demonstrating impact of climate change on the Antarctic
Scientists and games developers have joined forces to help communicate the impact of climate change on the Antarctic Ice Sheet.

Whales in the desert
In Cerro Colorado, located in the Ica Desert of Peru, sedimentary sequences dating back nine million years have been found to host the fossil skeletons of hundreds of marine vertebrates.

Researchers image roots in the ground
It's a familiar hazard of vacation time: While you're conspicuously absent, your colleagues in the office forget to water and fertilize the plants -- often leaving behind nothing but a brownish skeleton.

Too much activity in certain areas of the brain is bad for memory and attention
Researchers led by Dr Tobias Bast in the School of Psychology at The University of Nottingham have found that faulty inhibitory neurotransmission and abnormally increased activity in the hippocampus impairs our memory and attention.

Multivariate analysis improves on cognitive testing in Alzheimer's disease
Multivariate analysis of cognitive tests in Alzheimer's disease identifies five distinct groups of Alzheimer's disease patients, and suggests that multivitamins might slow progression only in certain groups.

Chaos could provide the key to enhanced wireless communications
A team of researchers at the Xian University of Technology in China and the University of Aberdeen in the United Kingdom have demonstrated that chaos can be used to transmit information over a wireless physical channel offering wide-ranging advantages from enhanced communications security.

New approach to determining how atoms are arranged in materials
Researchers have developed a novel approach to characterizing how atoms are arranged in materials, using Bayesian statistical methods to glean new insights into the structure of materials.

Study finds changes to retirement savings system may exacerbate economic inequality
A shift to defined-contribution retirement plans, such as 401(k) plans, has led to an income and education gap in pension savings that could exacerbate future economic inequality, according to a study.

Some youth football drills riskier than others
Thirty-four young players on two Blacksburg, Virginia, youth football teams wore helmets lined with spring-mounted accelerometers.

'Ideal' energy storage material for electric vehicles developed
The energy-storage goal of a polymer dielectric material with high energy density, high power density and excellent charge-discharge efficiency for electric and hybrid vehicle use has been achieved by a team of Penn State materials scientists.

Is a messed-up microbiome linked to obesity? New U-M study casts doubt
A new study, done by pooling data from previous studies, throws cold water on the idea that extra pounds may stem from an imbalance of the bacteria inside us.

Shortfalls in laboratory services may limit attainment of worldwide targets for HIV
Vincent Habiyambere of the World Health Organization and colleagues find that insufficient capacity to perform laboratory tests used in monitoring HIV infection, and underutilization of existing testing capacity, are limiting the ability to meet the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS 90-90-90 targets, in a study appearing in PLOS Medicine.

Cybersecurity researchers design a chip that checks for sabotage
With the outsourcing of microchip design and fabrication worldwide, bad actors along the supply chain have many opportunities to install malicious circuitry in chips.

Brief rapamycin therapy in middle-aged mice extends lives
In mice, the drug rapamycin is known to extend lives and delay some age-related problems.

'Putting prevention in their pockets'
Researchers at the University at Buffalo developed and tested a smartphone app that allows people living with HIV to self-report on sensitive health behaviors, which may help facilitate faster interventions when necessary.

Surprise discovery in the blink of an eye
The scientists have discovered a new type of eye movement which they have called blink-associated resetting movement.

Aquatic treadmill walking may increase exercise capacity after stroke
For patients in rehabilitation after a stroke, walking on an underwater treadmill produces better measures of exercise performance compared to conventional treadmill walking, reports a study in the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, the official journal of the Association of Academic Physiatrists.

Human footprint surprisingly outpaced by population and economic growth
The global impact of human activities on the natural environment is extensive, but those impacts are expanding at a slower rate than the rate of economic and population growth.

Integrated team-based care shows potential for improving health care quality, use and costs
Among adults enrolled in an integrated health care system, receipt of primary care at integrated team-based care practices compared with traditional practice management practices was associated with higher rates of some measures of quality of care, lower rates for some measures of acute care utilization, and lower actual payments received by the delivery system, according to a study appearing in the Aug.

Stretchy supercapacitors power wearable electronics
A future of soft robots or smart T-shirts may depend on the development of stretchy power sources.

Surgery that restores hand and elbow function in quadriplegics is underused
A surgery for quadriplegics called tendon transfer can significantly improve hand and elbow function, but the procedure is greatly underused, according to an article in the journal Hand Clinics by Loyola Medicine hand surgeon Michael S.

Study examines reasons for high cost of prescriptions drugs in US, approaches to reduce costs
High prescription drug prices are attributable to several causes, including the approach the US has taken to granting government-protected monopolies to drug manufacturers, and the restriction of price negotiation at a level not observed in other industrialized nations, according to a study appearing in the Aug. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to