Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 24, 2016
Seniors with more continuity of care use the ER less
Seniors with traditional Medicare coverage who have more continuity of care -- defined as consistently seeing the same physician in an outpatient setting -- have lower chances of visiting an emergency department, according to the results of a study published online earlier this month in Annals of Emergency Medicine ('Relationship Between Continuity of Ambulatory Care and Risk of Emergency Department Episodes Among Older Adults').

Fish oil pills reverse the effects of a fatty diet
Scientists have found that fish oil supplements can reverse the effects of a high fat diet according to a study published in The Journal of Physiology.

How do antidepressants trigger fear and anxiety?
Scientists at the UNC School of Medicine mapped out a serotonin-driven anxiety circuit that may explain 'anxiety' side effect of antidepressants.

Study takes a step back to look at use of restraints in hospitals
The use of belts, bedrails and other devices to prevent patients from hurting themselves has increasingly come under fire.

Scientists uncover the way a common cell enzyme alerts the body to invading bacteria
Biomedical investigators at Cedars-Sinai have identified an enzyme found in all human cells that alerts the body to invading bacteria and jump-starts the immune system.

Disruptions to sleep patterns lead to an increased risk of suicides
The link between sleep problems and suicidal thoughts and behaviours is made starkly clear in new research from The University of Manchester, published in the BMJ Open.

Skemp to receive GSA's 2016 Minority Mentorship Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Lisa Skemp, Ph.D., R.N., F.G.S.A., F.A.A.N., of Loyola University Chicago as the 2016 recipient of the Minority Issues in Gerontology Committee Outstanding Mentorship Award.

THC makes rats lazy, less willing to try cognitively demanding tasks: UBC study
New research from the University of British Columbia suggests there may be some truth to the belief that marijuana use causes laziness -- at least in rats.

Do juvenile murderers deserve life without parole?
The US Supreme Court answered this question in two recent decisions (Miller v.

OU professor David A. Sabatini named 2016 recipient of national award for global outreach
University of Oklahoma Professor David A. Sabatini is the recipient of a national award for outstanding contributions and demonstrated leadership through involvement in environmental engineering and science outreach activities to the global community.

Biomarkers may help better predict who will have a stroke
People with high levels of four biomarkers in the blood may be more likely to develop a stroke than people with low levels of the biomarkers, according to a study published in the Aug.

Ocean acidification threatens cod recruitment in the Atlantic
Increasing ocean acidification could double the mortality of newly hatched cod larvae.

Golden eagles may be more abundant in undeveloped, elevated landscapes
Golden eagles may be more abundant in elevated, undeveloped landscapes with high wind speeds, according to a study published Aug.

Molecular signature shows plants are adapting to increasing atmospheric CO2
Plants are adapting to increasing atmospheric CO2 according to a new study from the University of Southampton.

'Reversible' blood thinner may cut bleeding risk
In an academic-industrial collaboration, researchers have developed an antibody that blocks the formation of blood clots without triggering bleeding, a serious risk associated with current blood thinners.

Cardiff University designated WHO collaborating center for midwifery development
The World Health Organisation has officially designated Cardiff University's School of Healthcare Sciences a collaborating center for midwifery development, placing the university at the forefront of advancement in this vital area of health care.

New book on sugar-sweetened beverage taxation
The Evaluation Platform on Obesity Prevention from the Quebec Heart and Lung Institute -- Laval University is pleased to announce the launch of the book 'Taxing Soda for Public Health: a Canadian Perspective' by Springer.

In unstable times, the brain reduces cell production to help cope
A Princeton University-led study found that adult rats with disruptions in their social hierarchy produced far fewer new neurons, and reacted to the surrounding upheaval by favoring the company of familiar rats.

Climate analysis makes sense of Antarctic puzzle
Researchers caution that global warming signals are being masked by random weather variations and report that the human influence on snowfall levels will become detectable within the next few decades.

For teens, feeling safe at school means increased academic success
Parents across North America are prepping their teens to head back to high school, hoping they will study hard to get straight A's.

Digging in data and spinning stories -- CMOs at work
A successful chief marketing officer needs to be passionate about what he is doing and get that message out to people, states Seth Farbman, CMO of the digital music service Spotify, in an interview with Josh Steimle.

New map shows alarming growth of the human footprint
A James Cook University scientist says a new map of the ecological footprint of humankind shows 97 percent of the most species-rich places on Earth have been seriously altered.

NASA sees a small tropical depression 14W
Tropical Depression 14W appeared to be a small storm when NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead early on Aug.

You want shorter ER stays? Bring in the nurses
Protocols allowing nurses to administer certain types of treatment in the emergency department can dramatically shorten length of stay for patients with fever, chest pain, hip fractures and vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, according to the results of a study published earlier this month in Annals of Emergency Medicine ('A Pragmatic Randomized Evaluation of a Nurse-Initiated Protocol to Improve Timeliness of Care in an Urban Emergency Department').

New small molecule compounds could treat Ebola virus infection
Scientists have found Ebola's Achilles' heel: a new kind of chemical compound can block the protein Ebola uses to break out of cells and infect new cells.

Comparing coronary artery calcium scores in patients with psoriasis, diabetes
Assessing coronary artery calcium (CAC) is a measure of the severity of atherosclerosis (clogged arteries) and a cornerstone for screening for risk of future cardiac events.

Climate change: Trade liberalization could buffer economic losses in agriculture
Global warming could create substantial economic damage in agriculture, a new study conducted by a team of scientists of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research finds.

Rocky planet found orbiting habitable zone of nearest star
A team of astronomers has found clear evidence of a planet orbiting Proxima Centauri, the closest star to our solar system.

Can 1 cosmic enigma help solve another?
Astrophysicists have proposed a clever new way to shed light on the mystery of dark matter, believed to make up most of the universe.

Mapping pluripotency differences between mice, monkeys, and humans
New research shows that certain primate stem cells have pluripotency superior to some types derived from mice.

High-tech alternative to brain surgery proves effective for most common movement disorder
An international clinical trial has found that focused ultrasound offers essential tremor patients a lasting reduction in their uncontrollable shaking.

UI researcher gets $1 million grant to study MS diets
Terry Wahls, M.D., creator of the Wahls Protocol, has received a $1 million grant to compare her protocol against the Swank Diet, an MS diet developed in 1950.

Johns Hopkins scientists track metabolic pathways to find drug combination for pancreatic cancer
Cancer researchers have long observed the value of treating patients with combinations of anti-cancer drugs that work better than single drug treatments.

Conflicts subverting improved health conditions in Eastern Mediterranean Region
Improved health conditions and life expectancy over the past 20 years in the Eastern Mediterranean Region are being subverted by wars and civil unrest, according to a new scientific study.

NASA sees Lionrock strengthen into a typhoon
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Typhoon Lionrock as it strengthened to a typhoon east of Japan's Ryukyu Islands.

Heroic firefighter who underwent most extensive face transplant is thriving
The severely burned Mississippi firefighter, who captivated the world when he successfully underwent the most extensive face transplant ever performed, is thriving one year after his historic surgery, according to his medical team at NYU Langone Medical Center.

UCF technology for killing metastatic breast cancer cells discovered, licensed
A University of Central Florida cancer researcher has discovered a way to kill spreading breast cancer cells and her new technology has generated a licensing agreement that will accelerate the therapy's path to clinical trials.

Barcodes show the blood family tree
By assigning a barcode to stem cells, researchers at Lund University in Sweden have made it possible to monitor large blood cell populations as well as individual blood cells, and study the changes over time.

Arctic gives clues on worst mass extinction of life
Extreme global warming caused a severe mass extinction of life on Earth 252 million years ago.

Graying but grinning: Despite physical ailments, older adults happier
While even the best wines eventually peak and turn to vinegar, a new study by researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine suggests a paradoxical trend in the mental health of aging adults: they seem to consistently get better over time.

Study shows diabetes treatment helps reduce weight in children with autism
A drug that's been used for decades in the treatment of type 2 diabetes is proving effective in helping to control weight gain in children who are treated for autism spectrum disorder, according to a new study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Temple researchers explore effects of tobacco smoke, opiates on HIV patient tissue damage
Thanks to new funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, researchers at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University will explore the effects of the combination of tobacco smoke and opiates on the tissue damage that occurs in many patients infected with HIV.

African bird shows signs of evil stepdad behavior
An African desert-dwelling male bird favors his biological sons and alienates his stepsons, suggests research published today in Biological Letters.

HIV-infected adults with depression have increased risk for heart attack
Among more than 26,000 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults, those with major depressive disorder (MDD) were more likely to experience a heart attack than those without MDD, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.

Mutually helpful species become competitors in benign environments
Nature abounds with examples of mutualistic relationships. Think of bees pollinating flowers whose nectar nourishes the bees.

One of the most significant Etruscan discoveries in decades names female goddess Uni
Archaeologists translating a very rare inscription on an ancient Etruscan temple stone have discovered the name Uni -- an important female goddess.

Gut bacteria could tip balance in developing celiac disease or staying healthy
The scientists at McMaster University discovered that mice that harbored in their gut the opportunistic bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Psa) isolated from celiac patients, metabolized gluten differently than mice treated with Lactobacillus, often used as probiotics.

Late-onset asthma linked to increased heart disease, stroke risk
People diagnosed with asthma as adults may have an increased risk of developing heart disease and stroke.

UCLA scientists use ultrasound to jump-start a man's brain after coma
A 25-year-old man recovering from a coma has made remarkable progress following a treatment to jump-start his brain using ultrasounds, a team of UCLA scientists reports in a letter published in the journal Brain Stimulation.

Bags don't fly free: Charges have boosted airlines' departure performances, study finds
A new study that includes a University of Kansas researcher has found checked baggage fees have actually improved the departure performance of US airlines in addition to boosting revenue.

NASA's GPM observes Tropical Storm Gaston's development
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite provided scientists with a look at rainfall rates and cloud heights within Tropical Storm Gaston as it continued to intensify in the Atlantic Ocean.

The first autonomous, entirely soft robot
A team of Harvard University researchers with expertise in 3-D printing, mechanical engineering, and microfluidics has demonstrated the first autonomous, untethered, entirely soft robot.

Breast cancer cells found to switch molecular characteristics
A study led by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators reveals how spontaneous changes in the molecular characteristics of tumors can lead to tumors with a mixed population of cells requiring treatment with several types of therapeutic drugs.

A brain circuit to push past nutritional stress
Nutritional stress is a normal part of life; going hungry on a short-term basis generally does not impair important functions.

Smokers with newly discovered genetic markers have higher lung cancer risk
University of Hawai'i Cancer Center researchers discovered new genetic markers associated with a fast rate of nicotine metabolism, which potentially leads smokers to smoke more, thereby, increasing their risk for lung cancer.

Green light: USU biochemists describe light-driven conversion of greenhouse gas to fuel
By way of a light-driven bacterium, Utah State University biochemists are a step closer to cleanly converting harmful carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel combustion into usable fuels.

Could physical activity be good for alcohol and substance use disorders?
A team of researchers from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry has received funding of £154,000 from the NIHR Research for Patient Benefit program, to carry out a systematic review of research to see if and how physical activity and exercise could help those with alcohol and substance use disorders.

New electrical energy storage material shows its power
A new material developed by Northwestern University chemist William Dichtel and his team could one day speed up the charging process of electric cars and help increase their driving range.

Norwegian prisons rehabilitate criminal offenders
Norwegian prisons have great results. Inmates have 30 per cent lower risk for future crime, than those who were given suspended sentence.

The origins of Cuban species
An international research team suggests the endangered Cuban solenodon evolved after the extinction of dinosaurs.

Calcium channel blockers caught in the act at atomic level
Atomic level analysis has revealed how two classes of calcium channel blockers, widely prescribed for heart disease patients, produce separate therapeutic effects by acting at different sites on the calcium channel molecule.

Documenting the risk of invasive species worldwide
In the first global analysis of environmental risk from invasive alien species, researchers say one sixth of the world's lands are 'highly vulnerable' to invasion, including 'substantial areas in developing countries and biodiversity hotspots.' The study by biogeographer Bethany Bradley at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Regan Early at the University of Exeter, UK, with others, appears in the current issue of Nature Communications.

Spherical tokamak as model for next steps in fusion energy
Article describes the spherical tokamak design as model for next steps in the development of fusion energy.

Yale team discovers how Zika virus causes fetal brain damage
Infection by the Zika virus diverts a key protein necessary for neural cell division in the developing human fetus, thereby causing the birth defect microcephaly, a team of Yale scientists reported Aug.

Acupuncture may yield pain relief for children who have complex medical conditions
It appears that acupuncture may be a viable option for pain management when it comes to pediatric patients who have complex medical conditions, according to new research published by Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare in St.

Lymph node stage may have clinical significance among NSCLC patients with stage IV M1a
Analysis of a large non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient cohort with stage IV M1a disease identified lymph node staging as having clinical significance and an impact on prognosis.

Hay fever from ragweed pollen could double due to climate change
Climate change could cause new hay fever misery for millions of people across Europe -- according to a new report from the University of East Anglia in collaboration with several European institutes.

Can you hear me now? CSU research could help miners stay safe
The National Science Foundation has awarded a three-year, $750,000 grant to a team led by Colorado State University's Sudeep Pasricha for developing a communications system for miners.

Parents, listen up: Children keep still during prayer
Preschool-aged children, and their parents, are more likely to view the physical actions of prayer (i.e., closing eyes, folding hands) to help with reflection and communicating with God.

Feeling the force between sand grains
For the first time, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers have measured how forces move through 3-D granular materials, determining how this important class of materials might pack and behave in processes throughout nature and industry.

Fateful evolution: New study improves accuracy of cancer diagnosis
In a new study, Carlo Maley, a researcher at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, uses evolutionary theory to make predictions about which BE patients will go on to develop cancer.

Study strengthens evidence that cognitive activity can reduce dementia risk
A formal bias analysis of previous studies finding that cognitive activities can reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias concluded that any confounding factors in the earlier studies probably do not totally account for any associations between cognitive activity and dementia risk.

New research shows impact of Crohn's disease on brain function
New research published in the UEG Journal has found that Crohn's disease sufferers experience slower response times than matched individuals that do not have the disease.

A new path for killing pathogenic bacteria
Bacteria that cause tuberculosis, leprosy and other diseases, survive by switching between two different types of metabolism.

More than a few good men
Contrary to traditional expectations of unbalanced sex ratios, places with more men than women do not typically experience higher rates of family and social instability, according to a University of Utah study.

50 years after the release of the film 'Fantastic Voyage,' science upstages fiction
Fifty years to the day after the film 'Fantastic Voyage' was first shown in theaters, the Polytechnique Montréal Nanorobotics Laboratory is unveiling a unique medical interventional infrastructure devoted to the fight against cancer.

UTSW research identifies protein that promotes the breakdown of fat
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found that a protein often located on the surface of fat droplets within cells -- and especially abundant in the muscles of endurance athletes -- can kick-start the more efficient and healthful breakdown of fat.

A mystery of form and structure
UCSB Earth scientists untangle the curious landscape of China's Tarim Basin using a model simulation of ancient events.

This week from AGU: Rising seas, Mercury's hollows, and 5 research spotlights
This week from AGU are articles on rising seas, Mercury's hollows, and five research spotlights.

Majority of US doctors discussing electronic cigarettes with their patients
A new survey of US doctors reveals they are frequently discussing electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) with patients in a clinical setting.

Childhood head injury linked to higher risk of poor adult mental health and life chances
Childhood brain injuries, including concussions, are associated with an increased risk of subsequent mental illness, poor school attainment and premature death, according to a study published today in PLOS Medicine.

Diet, exercise, both: All work equally to protect heart health, SLU study finds
For those who need to lose weight, taking off a few pounds by dieting, exercising or both is powerful protection against cardiovascular disease.

Progress in vaccination against vespid venom
Especially in late summer, apprehension about wasp stings increases among allergy sufferers.

New class of molecules play key role in influencing the immune system
In a study published online this week in Science Translational Medicine, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and the Santa Lucia Foundation in Rome report that resolvins and maresins, molecules produced in the body naturally from certain omega-3 fatty acids, regulate subsets of white blood cells that play a central role in inflammation and the immune system.

Metformin associated with decreasing weight gain in kids with autism
The diabetes medication metformin hydrochloride was associated with decreased weight gain in a small clinical trial of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder who were taking atypical antipsychotics to treat symptoms of irritability and agitation, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the Aug. 24 issue
Working memory -- the ability to hold pieces of information in mind and manipulate them -- is a strong predictor of children's academic success.

Simulated patient study sheds new light on antibiotic use in India
As a result of the overuse or misuse of antibiotics, antimicrobial resistant superbugs represent an extraordinary threat to global health.

Smith to Receive GSA's 2016 Nathan Shock New Investigator Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Daniel L.

Selecting the right house plant could improve indoor air (animation)
Indoor air pollution is an important environmental threat to human health, leading to symptoms of 'sick building syndrome.' But researchers report that surrounding oneself with certain house plants could combat the potentially harmful effects of volatile organic compounds, a main category of these pollutants.

By mid-century, more Antarctic snowfall may help offset sea-level rise
Scientists have used historical records and climate simulations to examine snowfall trends in Antarctica.

Zika virus detected in newborn until 2 months after birth
Physicians at the Santa Casa de Misericordia and researchers from the Institute of Biomedical Sciences at University of São Paulo describe the case of a baby born with Zika infection in January 2016, who remained infected by the virus even two months and one week after birth.

Neuroscientists receive NSF grant to study evolution of brain to support technological learning
The Center for Behavioral Neuroscience (CBN) at Georgia State University has received a three-year, $970,704 grant from the National Science Foundation to investigate how the human brain has evolved to support technological learning.

The Lancet Global Health: Arab uprising has had long-term effect on health, lowering life expectancy in several countries
The Arab uprising in 2010 and subsequent wars in the eastern Mediterranean region have had serious detrimental effects on the health and life expectancy of the people living in many of the 22 countries in the region [1], according to a major new analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013), published in The Lancet Global Health journal.

Enigmatic molecules maintain equilibrium between fighting infection, inflammatory havoc
Special RNA molecules called long non-coding RNAs are key controllers for maintaining immune health when fighting infection or preventing inflammatory disorders.

Wolf to receive GSA's 2016 Excellence in Rehabilitation of Aging Persons Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Steven L.

New editorial, virtual journal issue commemorate research that shaped geriatrics
A new editorial and corresponding virtual journal issue offer a look back at 20 of the most important studies impacting older adult care as published by the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society from 2000 to 2015.

TICAD VI Special Event
Halting deforestation and forest degradation, promoting sustainable forest management and agroforestry are key to achieving the SDGs in Africa.

Post-disaster optimization technique capable of analyzing entire cities
Paolo Bocchini and his colleague Aman Karamlou of Lehigh University have created a novel method that represents a major improvement in existing post-disaster optimization methodologies.

Media advisory: Zika Symposium at ICE 2016 in Orlando
News reporters are invited to attend a symposium on the Zika virus, which will take place on Monday, Sept.

CPRIT awards $9.6 million for UTSW projects
Six new cancer research projects involving treatment, prevention, outreach, and genetics recently received a total of $9.6 million in support from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas (CPRIT).

Interactive, open source visualizations of nocturnal bird migrations in near real-time
New flow visualizations using data from weather radar networks depict nocturnal bird migrations, according to a study published Aug.

Key substance for treatment of visceral leishmaniasis identified
A Brazilian study conducted at the University of São Paulo's Ribeirão Preto Medical School (FMRP-USP) shows that stimulating the production of interleukin-17A (IL-17A), one of the cytokines released by cells of the immune system, can be an effective strategy for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis, considered one of the six most important parasitic diseases affecting humans.

Median installed price of solar in the United States fell by 5-12 percent in 2015
Solar energy system pricing is at an all-time low, according to the latest editions of two recurring 'state of the market' reports released by Berkeley Lab.

Humans have caused climate change for 180 years
An international research project has found human activity has been causing global warming for almost two centuries, proving human-induced climate change is not just a 20th century phenomenon.

NEJM study: MRI-guided focused ultrasound effective to treat essential tremor
Treatment with MRI-guided focused ultrasound significantly improves tremors and quality of life in patients with essential tremor (ET), the most common movement disorder, according to a study published in the Aug.

UBC researchers plumb the secrets of tissue paper
Canada's tissue manufacturers are now much closer to producing the perfect paper, thanks to new UBC research.

Chew on this: How we believe our meat is raised can influence how it tastes
New research from Northeastern psychology professor Lisa Feldman Barrett shows that our beliefs about how farm animals are raised -- whether on 'factory farms' or in more humane conditions -- can shape our meat-eating experience, from how we think it smells and tastes to how much we'd be willing to pay for it.

Nutrition matters: Stress from migratory beekeeping may be eased by access to food
In the first large-scale and comprehensive study on the impacts of transporting honey bees to pollinate various crops, research from North Carolina State University shows that travel can adversely affect bee health and lifespan.

How parents cope with stress of the NICU affects family dynamics
Understanding how parents cope while their child is in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) could lead to better support for the family and a more successful transition to home when the baby is healthy, according to Penn State College of Medicine and Penn State Harrisburg researchers.

Forest and watercourse interplay important for restorations
Humans utilize forests and watercourses in a way that depletes ecosystem habitats, biodiversity and ecosystem services.

Queen's researchers measure emotional flexibility in mother-daughter dyads
Queen's University researchers Tom Hollenstein and Jessica Lougheed have published new research on the emotional bonds between mothers and adolescent daughters.

Mental stress may cause reduced blood flow in hearts of young women with heart disease
Mental stress may cause reduced blood flow in the heart muscle of younger women with heart disease.

Planet found in habitable zone around nearest star
Astronomers using ESO telescopes and other facilities have found clear evidence of a planet orbiting the closest star to Earth, Proxima Centauri.

Cosmic neighbors inhibit star formation, even in the early-universe
The international University of California, Riverside-led SpARCS collaboration has discovered four of the most distant clusters of galaxies ever found, as they appeared when the universe was only 4 billion years old.

Lehigh engineer discovers a high-speed nano-avalanche
Doctoral student Charles McLaren and Professor Himanshu Jain from Lehigh University -- along with colleagues at the University of Marburg in Germany -- have published new findings in the September 2016 issue of the Journal of Electrochemical Society about the process involving transformations in glass that occur under intense electrical and thermal conditions.

Perls to receive GSA's 2016 Joseph T. Freeman Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Thomas T.

A better way to learn if alien planets have the right stuff
A new method for analyzing the chemical composition of stars may help scientists winnow the search for Earth 2.0.

Diets avoiding dry-cooked foods can protect against diabetes, say mount sinai researchers
Simple changes in how we cook could go a long way towards preventing diabetes, say researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

In some genetic cases of microcephaly, stem cells fail to launch
In a very severe, genetic form of microcephaly, stem cells in the brain fail to divide, according to a new Columbia University Medical Center study that may provide important clues to understanding how the Zika virus affects the developing brain.

How long do you want to live? Your expectations for old age matter
In a latest study, researchers investigated how long young and middle-aged adults in the United States say they want to live in relation to a number of personal characteristics.

Insulin pill could make diabetes treatment 'ouchless'
Millions of Americans with diabetes have to inject themselves regularly with insulin to manage their blood-sugar levels.

Scientists identify spark plug that ignites nerve cell demise in ALS
Harvard Medical School scientists have pinpointed an enzyme that triggers rapid demise of nerve cells in people with ALS.

Amyloid-related heart failure now detectable with imaging test
A type of heart failure caused by a build-up of amyloid can be accurately diagnosed and prognosticated with an imaging technique, eliminating the need for a biopsy, according to a multicenter study led by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center.

UNC cardiologist examines training, staffing, research in cardiac intensive care
Jason Katz, M.D., M.H.S., associate professor of medicine at UNC School of Medicine and medical director of the cardiac intensive care unit, was the lead author of a recently published manuscript in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology that examined the early growth and maturation of critical care cardiology, and the challenges and uncertainties that threaten to stymie the growth of this fledgling discipline.

Asthma risk increases when child had bronchiolitis
Results of a study published in PLOS ONE show that asthma risk increased 17 times when children who had bronchiolitis in the first two years of life also had a common variation of the Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 gene.

NASA's WISE, Fermi missions reveal a surprising blazar connection
Astronomers using observations from NASA's WISE and Fermi missions have confirmed a connection between the infrared and gamma-ray light emitted by blazars, a class of distant galaxies powered by monster black holes.

Whiskers help animals sense the direction of the wind
A new study finds that rats use information from their whiskers to localize an airflow source, suggesting designs for new types of sensors.

Global climate models do not easily downscale for regional predictions
One size does not always fit all, especially when it comes to global climate models, according to Penn State climate researchers.

Excess weight linked to 8 more cancer types
There's yet another reason to maintain a healthy weight as we age.

Seismic shield: Large-scale metamaterials combat earthquakes in 3-D model
Numerical analysis considers both surface and guided waves, accounts for soil dissipation, and provides design guidelines for implementing earthquake protection using an array of ground-based cavities.

Endocrine Society announces 2017 Laureate Award winners
The Endocrine Society today announced it has selected 14 leaders in the endocrinology field as winners of the organization's prestigious 2017 Laureate Awards.

GPM sees Tropical Depression Kay fading into history
The remaining traces of rainfall in weakening Tropical Depression Kay was in a small area when the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed overhead early on Aug. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to