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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | August 25, 2016


Puzzle maker: Building a chemical from the ground up
Caltech chemists have significantly improved upon the synthesis of a molecule related to muscle and neuronal function.
Children with food allergies predisposed to asthma, rhinitis
Children with a history of food allergy have a high risk of developing asthma and allergic rhinitis during childhood as well.
Teachers workshop at the International Congress of Entomology in Orlando
School teachers from Florida and other states are invited to attend a workshop on Saturday, Sept.
'Coming out' in the classroom, but not by choice
In a first-of-its kind study published in the latest issue of CBE-Life Sciences Education, researchers from Arizona State University's School of Life Sciences found that active learning classrooms, which require more group work than traditional lecture courses, may create an unaccepting atmosphere for LGBTQIA students.
Blending wastewater may help California cope with drought
Researchers at UC Riverside have developed an economic model that demonstrates how flexible wastewater treatment processes which blend varying levels of treated effluent can create a water supply that benefits crops and is affordable.
Oxygen can impair cancer immunotherapy in mice
Researchers have identified a mechanism in mice by which anticancer immune responses are inhibited within the lungs, a common site of metastasis for many cancers.
Fighting penicilliosis -- identification of fungal protein Mp1p as virulence factor
Penicilliosis, caused by the fungus Talaromyces marneffei, is a major opportunistic infection in Southeast Asia.
Looking to saliva to gain insight on evolution
There's no need to reinvent the genetic wheel. That's one lesson of a new study that looks to the saliva of humans, gorillas, orangutans, macaques and African green monkeys for insights into evolution.
Newly discovered 'multicomponent' virus can infect animals
Scientists have identified a new 'multicomponent' virus --one containing different segments of genetic material in separate particles -- that can infect animals, according to research published today in the journal Cell Host & Microbe.
Researchers identify possible pathway to reboot immune system after bone-marrow transplant
New research has shown how a cell surface molecule, Lymphotoxin β receptor, controls entry of T-cells into the thymus; and as such presents an opportunity to understanding why cancer patients who undergo bone-marrow transplant are slow to recover their immune system.
Fused genes found in esophageal cancer cells offer new clues on disease mechanisms
Now, researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have characterized structurally abnormal genes in esophageal adenocarcinoma, the findings of which could pave way for developing new biomarkers in this fatal disease.
AGU Fall Meeting: Press registration open, book hotel now
Discover the latest Earth and space science news at the 49th annual AGU Fall Meeting this December, when about 24,000 attendees from around the globe are expected to assemble for the largest worldwide conference in the Earth and space sciences.
Finding new targets to treat vascular damage
There are no established drugs to improve angiogenesis in diabetes.
Businesses spent $341 billion on R&D performed in US in 2014
Businesses spent $341 billion on research and development (R&D) performed in the United States in 2014, a 5.6 percent increase over the previous year, according to a new report from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES).
Research reveals how PSD forms and why defects can cause autism
Scientists from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology discovered that SynGAP and PSD-95, two abundance proteins in PSD that are known to cause autism when mutated, can form an autonomously assembled network structure both in test-tube and in living cells.
New technique takes guesswork out of IVF embryo selection
Researchers at the University of Adelaide have successfully trialed a new technique that could aid the process of choosing the 'best' embryo for implantation, helping to boost the chances of pregnancy success from the very first IVF cycle.
Number of tuberculosis cases in India is double current estimates, says new study
The number of cases of tuberculosis in India may be up to two to three times higher than current estimates, suggests a new study.
Newly discovered multicomponent virus is the first of its kind to infect animals
For the first time, a multicomponent virus -- which contains different segments of genetic material in separate particles, rather than a single strand of genetic material -- has been found that is capable of infecting animals, researchers report Aug.
Risk of adolescents being overweight impacted by neighborhood education, income levels
A new Kaiser Permanente study found an increased risk for becoming overweight or obese among normal-weight 18-year-olds who lived in neighborhoods with lower education or income levels.
A promising route to the scalable production of highly crystalline graphene films
Researchers discovered a procedure to restore defective graphene oxide structures that cause the material to display low carrier mobility.
Tropical Depression 14W gets absorbed by system 92W
Tropical Depression 14W was absorbed by another nearby tropical low pressure system in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead.
How Lyme disease bacteria spread through the body
Researchers have developed a live-cell-imaging-based system that provides insights into how Lyme disease bacteria latch onto and move along the inside surface of blood vessels to reach key destinations in the body where they may be able to persist longer and avoid treatment.
FSU chemistry professor explores outer regions of periodic table
In the latest edition of the journal Science, Florida State University Professor Thomas Albrecht-Schmitt captures the fundamental chemistry of the element berkelium, or Bk on the periodic table.
Immune system infighting explains pancreatic cancer's aggression
Conflict between cell types explains why the immune system struggles to recognize and attack pancreatic cancer.
Solar activity has a direct impact on Earth's cloud cover
Solar variations affect the abundance of clouds in our atmosphere, a new study lead by DTU Space suggests.
More to rainbows than meets the eye
In-depth review charts the scientific understanding of rainbows and highlights the many practical applications of this fascinating interaction between light, liquid and gas.
New method developed for producing some metals
While trying to develop a new battery, MIT researchers find a whole new energy-efficient way to produce some metals without creating air pollution.
Virtual peer pressure works just as well as the real thing
Peer pressure is a proven social motivator. Researchers probed this decidedly human attribute and found that not only is virtual pressure from a computer-simulated peer just as motivating as the real thing, but that 'fake' competition is effective as well.
Study: Unconventional natural gas wells associated with migraine, fatigue
New research suggests that Pennsylvania residents with the highest exposure to active natural gas wells operated by the hydraulic fracturing ('fracking') industry are nearly twice as likely to suffer from a combination of migraine headaches, chronic nasal and sinus symptoms and severe fatigue.
Public health researchers develop model to predict Sudden Cardiac Death
Researchers from Emory's Rollins School of Public Health developed a sudden cardiac death (SCD) predictive model that can help identify and prevent the disease in individuals at high risk.
The brain uses backward instant replays to remember important travel routes
Johns Hopkins neuroscientists believe they have figured out how some rats solve certain navigational problems.
Positioning exact to the millimeter
How many millimeters has the sea level risen? How fast are the continents moving?
Rewiring the brain: A conversation with three pioneers of neuroplasticity
Three scientists discuss their pioneering discoveries about neuroplasticity, the brain's remarkable capacity to change throughout our lifetimes.
The Lancet: Baby simulator program may make teenage girls more, not less, likely to become pregnant
A teenage pregnancy prevention programme involving a baby simulator does not appear to have any long-term effect on reducing the risk of teenage pregnancy, according to the first randomized controlled trial to test the effectiveness of this intervention, published in The Lancet today.
A mammoth undertaking
UCSB conservation ecologist Douglas McCauley and colleagues examine ecologically responsible de-extinction
Memory activation before exposure reduces life-long fear of spiders
Many people suffer from anxiety and fears, and a common treatment for these problems is exposure therapy.
GOES-3 satellite decommissioned
The National Science Foundation (NSF) in late June decommissioned a 38-year-old communications satellite that for 21 years had helped to link NSF's Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station with the outside world.
Investigating the relationship between low physical activity and psychotic symptoms
Physical activity can help reduce cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in people with psychological problems.
CU researchers find genetic links for facial size and shape
In a study published today in PLOS Genetics, an international team of researchers led by a University of Colorado School of Medicine scientist have identified two significant genes associated with measures of human facial size and have identified 10 additional candidates for location of genes affecting human facial shape.
US teens more likely to vape for flavorings than nicotine in e-cigarettes
US teens are more likely to vape for the flavourings found in e-cigarettes rather than nicotine, suggests research published online in the journal Tobacco Control.
New method creates endless supply of kidney precursor cells
Salk researchers have succeeded in, for the first time, creating kidney progenitor cells that survive in the lab.
NASA sees heavy rain in Gaston as it fights wind shear
Gaston was a hurricane when the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed overhead and found heavy rain occurring in the storm.
NSF awards $110 million for advanced cyberinfrastructure to nation's scientists, engineers
National Science Foundation announces a $110 million award to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and 18 partner institutions to continue and expand activities undertaken through the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment.
Elevating brain protein allays symptoms of Alzheimer's and improves memory
Salk Institute tests drug that could boost levels of critical protective protein in brain.
ALMA finds unexpected trove of gas around larger stars
Astronomers using ALMA surveyed dozens of young stars - some Sun-like and others approximately double that size - and discovered that the larger variety have surprisingly rich reservoirs of carbon monoxide gas in their debris disks.
Exposure to chemicals released during fracking may harm fertility
Scientific studies, while ongoing, are still inconclusive on the potential long-term effects fracking has on human development.
Hiding in plain sight: Navy data reveals the reef behind the Reef
James Cook University, University of Sydney and Queensland University of Technology scientists working with laser data from the Royal Australian Navy have discovered a vast reef behind the familiar Great Barrier Reef.
A reward makes rats more likely to replay memories in reverse
When a rat runs a maze and finds a reward, the first thing he does is pause to enjoy it.
UNIST to engineer next-generation smart separator membranes
A new class of battery seperator has been engineered by a team of researchers, affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), which is expected to bring unprecedented benefits to battery performance.
Broadly neutralizing HIV antibodies engineered to be better vaccine leads
One approach to HIV vaccine development relies on broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs), highly evolved and unusual antibodies that protect against different circulating HIV strains.
New mouse model of Zika sexual transmission shows spread to fetal brain
The Zika virus, commonly transmitted through a bite from an infected mosquito, is also capable of leaping from person to person through sexual transmission.
Psychosis associated with low levels of physical activity
A large international study of more than 200,000 people in nearly 50 countries has revealed that people with psychosis engage in low levels of physical activity, and men with psychosis are over two times more likely to miss global activity targets compared to people without the illness.
Successful recycling: Protein quality control in the cell
A team led by MDC researcher Annika Weber has pinpointed the efficient mechanism used by cells to label faulty proteins.
In the aftermath of disaster, social media helps build a sense of community
Social media can disseminate critical information as well as unite disaster victims during their recovery efforts, suggests a study published in Frontiers in Communication.
New research reveals cancers need a 'perfect storm' of conditions to develop
Scientists have demonstrated for the first time the 'perfect storm' of conditions that cells need to start forming cancer, helping to explain why some organs are more susceptible to developing the disease.
Hitching a ride: Misfiring drugs hit the wrong targets
Researchers have shown how anti-HIV protein inhibitor drugs can bind to the wrong protein, causing unwanted side effects.
Coffee drinking habits can be written in our DNA, study finds
Researchers have identified a gene that appears to curb coffee consumption.
Volcanic eruption masked acceleration in sea level rise
The cataclysmic 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines masked the full impact of greenhouse gases on accelerating sea level rise, according to a new study.
World Risk Report 2016: Inadequate infrastructure pushes up the risk of disaster
The World Risk Report 2016, published on Aug. 25 by UNU-EHS and Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft, analyzes the role that infrastructure plays in shaping a country's disaster risk.
Researchers find vulnerabilities in iPhone, iPad operating system
An international team of computer science researchers has identified serious security vulnerabilities in the iOS -- the operating system used in Apple's iPhone and iPad devices.
Vouchers help get health goods to those most in need
Distributing health products through a simple voucher system is effective for screening out people who would otherwise accept but not use the free product, a study conducted in Kenya reports.
Breakthrough in understanding of brain development: Immune cell involvement revealed
Researchers have revealed that microglia -- cells involved in immune functions in the brain -- also influence brain connectivity and formation of new links between neurons in the developing brain.
Israeli lifestyle and environment may pose exceptional risks for Hodgkin's lymphoma
In Israel, the incidence of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is among the highest in the world and has risen sharply over the past 45 years.
Researchers question process for reviewing coverage of 'off label' cancer drug use
In a paper published online by the Journal of the American Medical Association, UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center physician-researchers raised concerns that there are inconsistencies between the reference guides, or compendia, that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services uses to determine which drugs it will reimburse for off-label uses in cancer care.
In sub-Saharan Africa, cancer can be an infectious disease
University of Colorado Cancer Center researcher shows that mothers who contract malaria during pregnancy may have children with increased risk of Burkitt's lymphoma.
New test needed to assess the quality and safety of sunglasses
Revision of standards is needed to test sunglasses quality and establish safe limits for the lenses' UV filters, according to research published in the open-access journal Biomedical Engineering OnLine.
Field Museum study challenges long-standing scientific theory
If two species are mutualists -- that is, each benefits from the activity of the other -- the Red King Theory predicts that they should evolve at a slower rate, so as to avoid interrupting their partnership.
Researchers find new role for cannabinoids in vision
A multidisciplinary team including researchers from the Montreal Neurological Institute has improved our understanding of how cannabinoids, the active agent in marijuana, affect vision in vertebrates.
Digital forms of dating violence are on the rise -- what school nurses need to know
Many teens experience physical or sexual abuse within their romantic relationships and now dating violence can also be perpetrated digitally by harassing, stalking or controlling a romantic partner via technology and social media.
Designing ultrasound tools with Lego-like proteins
Protein engineering techniques might one day lead to colorful ultrasound images of cells deep within our bodies.
Is prehospital stroke treatment associated with better outcomes?
When treating a patient with stroke, every minute counts. A specialized stroke ambulance (Stroke Emergency Mobile or STEMO) allows physicians to start specific treatment, such as thrombolysis, at scene.
Study shows protein complex essential to creating healthy blood cells
A group of proteins best known for helping to activate all mammalian genes has been found to play a particularly commanding role in the natural development of specialized stem cells into healthy blood cells, a process known as hematopoiesis.
Biofuels not as 'green' as many think
Statements about biofuels being carbon neutral should be taken with a grain of salt.
Sunflowers move from east to west, and back, by the clock
At the nearby University of California, Davis, plant biologists have now discovered how sunflowers use their internal circadian 'clocks,' acting on growth hormones, to follow the sun during the day as they grow.
Clever car racking and intelligent software to double number of cars in shipping containers
Shipping cars could be safer and more efficient than ever before, thanks to innovative solutions developed by WMG at the University of Warwick for Trans-Rak International.
Scripps Florida scientists shed new light on the role of calcium in learning and memory
In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute offer new insights how calcium in mitochondria -- the powerhouse of all cells -- can impact the development of the brain and adult cognition.
Zika virus may persist in the vagina days after infection
The Zika virus reproduces in the vaginal tissue of pregnant mice several days after infection, according to a study by Yale researchers.
Cell Press transforms article methods section to improve transparency and accessibility
Amid discussions around scientific reproducibility, the leading biomedical journal Cell will introduce a redesigned methods section to help authors clearly communicate how experiments are conducted.
Basic research fuels advanced discovery
UCSB neuroscientist Kenneth Kosik stands up for basic cell biology research.
Molecular flexibility shown to help pharmaceutical drugs bind to their targets
Scientists have discovered an alternative way to create a stronger binding between pharmaceutical drugs and the part of the body they are targeting -- a development that can be used to fight a variety of diseases, including breast cancer.
Scientists begin to unravel summer jet stream mystery
Scientists have discovered the cause of the recent run of miserable wet summers as they begin to unravel the mysteries of the Atlantic jet stream.
New diagnostic instrument sees deeper into the ear
A new device could greatly improve ear infection diagnoses and drastically reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions, a major cause of antibiotic resistance.
UTA physicists to upgrade Titan supercomputer software for extreme scale applications
Physicists at the University of Texas at Arlington have been awarded a new $1.06 million grant from the US Department of Energy to upgrade the software that runs on the Titan supercomputer at Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility in Tennessee to support extremely data-heavy scientific applications such as advanced biology and materials science simulations.
Redefining Homo -- does our family tree need more branches?
The story of the genus Homo is as much rooted in historical cultural norms as it is in the modern scientific sector.
Louisiana Tech University uses underground radar to locate post-Katrina damage
An innovative underground radar technology developed at Louisiana Tech University is helping the City of Slidell in south Louisiana to identify and document underground infrastructure damage that had gone undetected in the months and years following Hurricane Katrina.
Study: Biofuels increase, rather than decrease, heat-trapping carbon dioxide emissions
A new study from University of Michigan researchers challenges the widely held assumption that biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel are inherently carbon neutral.
Hormone activation of genes takes teamwork
A high-throughput look at how human cells respond to the stress hormone cortisol has revealed a more complex system than previously thought.
NASA awards Next Generation Land Mobile Radio contract
NASA has awarded the Next Generation Land Mobile Radio contract to Motorola Solutions Inc. of Linthicum Heights, Md.
NIH-supported researchers develop novel system to grow norovirus in intestinal cells
Researchers have succeeded in culturing norovirus in human intestinal cells, a breakthrough that could help scientists develop novel therapeutics and vaccines against the debilitating effects of the virus.
What digital divide? Seniors embrace social technology
Contrary to popular belief, older adults enjoy emailing, instant messaging, Facebook and other forms of social technology.
Targeting low-oxygen patches inside lung cancer tumors could help prevent drug resistance
With the right treatment schedule, medications known as hypoxia-activated prodrugs (HAPs) could help prevent drug resistance in a subtype of lung cancer, according to a study published in PLOS Computational Biology.
Face shape is in the genes
Many of the characteristics that make up a person's face, such as nose size and face width, stem from specific genetic variations, reports John Shaffer of the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania, and colleagues, in a study published on Aug.
Physicists discovered new peculiarities of a material with a giant magnetocaloric effect
The scientists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University together with their colleagues from the United Kingdom and Japan showed that the smallest structural change in the iron-rhodium alloys may result in a significant change in its magnetocaloric properties.
PRB projects world population rising 33 percent by 2050 to nearly 10 billion
The world population will reach 9.9 billion in 2050, up 33 percent from an estimated 7.4 billion now, according to projections included in the latest World Population Data Sheet from the Population Reference Bureau (PRB).
Fracking chemicals exposure may harm fertility in female mice
Prenatal exposure to chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, may threaten fertility in female mice, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's journal Endocrinology.
Insights on lung micro-environment explain why cancer spreads to the lungs
The same mechanisms that that prevent people from having an inflammatory response to harmless environmental exposures in day-to-day life could also all allow rogue cancer cells to spread to the lungs, according to new research from The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center.
Stem cell propagation fuels cancer risk in different organs
Experiments reveal the crucial contribution of stem cells to the origins of cancer in different organs.
Extending battery life for mobile devices
In a paper presented today at the Association for Computing Machinery's special interest group on data communication (SIGCOMM) conference in Florianópolis, Brazil, a team of computer science researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by professor Deepak Ganesan introduced a new radio technology that allows small mobile devices to take advantage of battery power in larger devices nearby for communication.
NASA sees examines new tropical storm in infrared light
When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the eastern Pacific Ocean it looked at a newly developed tropical depression that would later strengthen into Tropical Storm Lester.
Dartmouth Institute-led team developing universal toolkit to predict hospital readmission risk
A research team led by Dartmouth Institute Associate Professor Jeremiah Brown, Ph.D., M.S., has begun working on a four-year project to develop a universal toolkit that could be implementable in any EMR system and used to predict the risk of hospital readmission in real-time.
Graphene under pressure
Small balloons made from one-atom-thick material graphene can withstand enormous pressures, much higher than those at the bottom of the deepest ocean, scientists at the University of Manchester report.
Opioid receptors outside the brain targeted in rats; new direction for painkillers
Opioid abuse is a growing public health crisis, affecting up to 36 million people worldwide.
New study finds low transfer rates of pediatric burn patients in the US
According to a new study from researchers in the Center for Pediatric Trauma Research and the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children's Hospital, nearly 127,000 kids in the US had burn injuries in 2012.
Egyptian women say doctors don't discourage female genital cutting, study finds
More Egyptian women are seeking the opinions of physicians on whether their daughters should undergo female genital cutting, which is illegal in the country, but they say doctors don't advise against the procedure.
New study questions timing in mitral valve repairs
UAB doctors say new research is showing that patients who suffer from isolated mitral valve regurgitation may need surgery before symptoms appear.
Finally, the brain sensor that turns down the heat
At long last, researchers have zeroed in on the neurons that act as the brain's internal thermostat.
University of Toronto scientists solve puzzle of converting gaseous carbon dioxide to fuel
Every year, humans advance climate change and global warming by injecting about 30 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Important advance made with new approach to 'control' cancer, not eliminate it
Researchers have created a new drug delivery system that could improve the effectiveness of an emerging concept in cancer treatment -- to dramatically slow and control tumors on a long-term, sustained basis, not necessarily aiming for their complete elimination.
Electron microscopy reveals how vitamin A enters the cell
Using a new, lightning-fast camera paired with an electron microscope, Columbia University Medical Center scientists have captured images of one of the smallest proteins in our cells to be 'seen' with a microscope.
Research aims to use wider engagement to improve prisoner-community relations
A research project from Plymouth University is designed to raise awareness of prisoner resettlement journeys, while developing a dialogue with the wider community in an effort to improve prisoner-community relations.
Purslane production practices enhance nutritional value
A study evaluated the influence of nitrogen fertility levels on biomass and concentrations of nutritionally important carotenoid and chlorophyll pigments in purslane.
Case Western Reserve researchers receive major NIH renewal grant to build on progress in understanding Crohn's disease
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researcher has been awarded a grant with the goal of better understanding the origins of Crohn's disease and eventually developing a cure.
Barrow researchers find roots of modern humane treatment
Researchers at Barrow Neurological Institute have traced the roots of humane medical practices to a pioneering French physician who treated people with deformities as humans instead of 'monsters,' as they were commonly called.
New method in synthesis and development for pharmaceuticals
The work by Prof. Cheol-Min Park (School of Natural Science) at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has been selected to appear on the front cover of the prestigious journal, ChemComm.
Salk scientists map brain's action center
New work dispels long-held notions about area involved in Parkinson's and addiction.
Typhoon Lionrock's intensification seen by NASA's GPM
Typhoon Lionrock's rainfall rates and cloud heights were analyzed as it continued to intensify when the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed overhead.
Men perceived as younger, more attractive after hair transplant for baldness
Does how much hair a man has matter in how he is perceived?
New manager for US Antarctic Program logistics contract
Leidos Holdings, Inc. will hold the National Science Foundation's contract for support of the U.S.
An effective and low-cost solution for storing solar energy
Solar energy can be stored by converting it into hydrogen.
Altering stem cell perception of tissue stiffness may help treat musculoskeletal disorders
A new biomaterial can be used to study how and when stem cells sense the mechanics of their surrounding environment.
A look at the molecular quality assurance within cells
Proteins fulfill vital functions in our body. They transport substances, combat pathogens, and function as catalysts.
How easy is it to spot a lie?
'Who broke Grandma's favorite vase?' As you listen to a chorus of 'I don't know' and 'Not me,' how will you determine the culprit?
Study finds links between physicians setting cancer care guidelines and drug industry
University of North Carolina LIneberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers say the finding of a high prevalence of financial relationships among authors who helped develop a leading set of cancer treatment guidelines lays the foundation for future studies of whether the payments influenced the physician's clinical practice or guideline recommendations.
New strategy to fight mosquitoes in a more efficient and sustainable way
Mosquitoes continue to build resistance to existing pesticides. Research has now shown that the chemical substances emitted by one of the mosquito's natural enemies -- the backswimmer -- makes the biological pesticide Bti more deadly.
Calorie-burning 'good' fat can be protected, says study
Preventing cells of beige fat -- a calorie-burning tissue that can help to ward off obesity and diabetes -- from digesting their own mitochondria traps them in a beneficial, energy-burning state.
Temple scientists discover structural clues to calcium regulation in cells
The process of energy generation by mitochondria is closely tied to intracellular calcium regulation by a membrane gateway inside mitochondria known as the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU).
Forces of nature: Interview with microscopy innovators Gerd Binnig and Christoph Gerber
The inventors of one of the most versatile tools in modern science -- the atomic force microscope, or AFM -- tell their story in an interview published online this week.
Experts say inexpensive drug could slow heart disease for type 1 diabetic patients
Scientists at Newcastle University believe a drug commonly prescribed for type 2 diabetes could be routinely taken by type 1 diabetic patients to slow the development or delay heart disease.
NASA examines threatening tropical disturbance in eastern Caribbean Sea
NASA analyzed the rainfall and cloud heights in an area of low pressure designated as System 99L that bringing rains and gusty winds to Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Turks and Caicos and other islands in the Atlantic Ocean and northeastern Caribbean Sea today, Aug.
Well-wrapped feces allow lobsters to eat jellyfish stingers without injury
Lobsters eat jellyfish without harm from the venomous stingers due to a series of physical adaptations.
NSF announces $55 million toward national research priorities
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made 11 awards totaling $55 million aimed at building research capacity to address fundamental questions about the brain and develop new innovations at the intersection of food, energy and water systems.
X-raying the Earth with waves from stormy weather 'bombs'
Using a detection network based in Japan, scientists have uncovered a rare type of deep-earth tremor that they attribute to a distant North Atlantic storm called a 'weather bomb.' The discovery marks the first time scientists have observed this particular tremor, known as an S wave microseism.
President Obama honors outstanding mathematics and science teachers
President Obama named 213 mathematics and science teachers as recipients of the prestigious Presidential Award for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching.
Going green is for girls -- but branding can make men eco-friendly
Can men be persuaded to go green? New research indicates the answer is yes -- and it's all about branding.
Special report documents Zika virus' impact on the fetal brain
In a special report released Aug. 23 in the journal Radiology, a team of researchers including Deborah Levine, M.D., Director of Obstetric & Gynecologic ultrasound at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and professor of radiology at Harvard Medical School, documented the brain abnormalities associated with congenital Zika in 45 confirmed and presumed cases from northeastern Brazil.
A nanoscale wireless communication system via plasmonic antennas
A nanoscale wireless communication system developed by researchers at Boston College uses plasmonic antennas to produce greater control and increased efficiency to an approach eyed for next-generation 'on-chip' communications technologies.
Hurricanes are worse, but experience, gender and politics determine if you believe it
Despite ample evidence that Atlantic hurricanes are getting stronger, Princeton University-led research found that people's view of future storm threat is based on their hurricane experience, gender and political affiliation.
The refugee crisis in Europe: Challenges and possible solutions
In this Policy Forum, Randall Hansen and Shalini Randeria discuss the different ideological viewpoints of liberals and conservatives in Europe with respect to accepting refugees, highlighting why -- even though the continent is not bearing the 'brunt' of the refugee crisis -- it remains 'in the center of a political and social storm' related to refugees asylum.
Feast or famine: The switch that helps your liver adapt
Scientists at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified a previously unknown way that stress hormones (glucocorticoids) shut off genes in the liver to help the body adapt to the fasting state.
Secure networks for the Internet of the future
Two new projects at the University of Würzburg's Institute of Computer Science receive nearly €750,000 worth of funding.
Where does AlphaGo go?
Perhaps surprisingly, the team that developed AlphaGo, Google Deep Mind, did not create any new concepts or methods of artificial intelligence.
Symmetry crucial for building key biomaterial collagen in the lab
Functional human collagen has been impossible to create in the lab.
Collaborative launch of immunotherapy clinical trial for children with brain tumors
A Kids' Brain Tumor Cure Foundation, Solving Kids' Cancer and the Ty Louis Campbell (TLC) Foundation announce their joint financial support of a Phase 1 clinical trial to test the safety and efficacy of combination checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of children with brain tumors.
Earlier snowmelt reduces forests' ability to regulate atmospheric carbon dioxide
Earlier annual snowmelt periods may hinder the ability of forests to regulate atmospheric carbon dioxide, according to the results of a new study.
Study examines financial conflict of interests among NCCN guideline authors
A new study published online by JAMA Oncology quantifies industry financial conflicts of interest (FCOIs) among authors of National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines, work that influences practice and defines drugs reimbursable by Medicare.
Perfluorinated compounds found in African crocodiles, American alligators
All plasma samples drawn from 125 alligators in Florida and South Carolina and 45 crocodiles in South Africa contain at least four different PFAAs.
Solving a 48-year-old mystery: Scientists grow noroviruses in human intestinal cell cultures
For the first time, scientists have grown human noroviruses, the leading viral cause of acute diarrhea worldwide, in human intestinal cell cultures in the lab.
How telecommuting can cause leadership issues for your company
Wherever your organization falls on the spectrum of telecommuting and virtual teams, new research from Georgia Southern University and BYU reveals something about leadership and telecommuting that everyone should take into consideration.
Recommended daily treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis underused
Topical intranasal steroid therapy continues to be underused for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) despite practice guidelines that recommend daily use, according to a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.
Ecological consequences of amphetamine pollution in urban streams
Pharmaceutical and illicit drugs are present in streams in Baltimore, Maryland.
RAND and Lawrence Livermore National Lab combine computing & public policy analysis
Researchers from the RAND Corporation and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have joined forces to combine high-performance computing with innovative public policy analysis to improve planning for particularly complex issues such as water resource management.
Latest research reveals sitting in traffic jams is officially bad for you
Pollution levels inside cars were found to be up to 40% higher while in traffic jams or at a red traffic light compared to free-flowing traffic conditions.
Neuroene Therapeutics awarded $225,000 STTR research grant
Neuroene Therapeutics, a startup company born from unique research by two Medical University of South Carolina investigators, secured a Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) grant for $225,000 in July from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
Sustainable alternative to methyl bromide for tomato production
Field studies in two Florida locations evaluated and compared anaerobic soil disinfestations (ASD) and chemical soil fumigation (CSF) performance on weed and nematodes control, and on fruit yield and quality of fresh-market tomato.
Award winners to speak at the 2017 ASBMB annual meeting
The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology will hold its annual meeting April 22 - 26 in Chicago.
What makes Southerners sound southern?
Linguistic researchers will be isolating and identifying the specific variations in speech that make Southerners sound Southern.

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#538 Nobels and Astrophysics
This week we start with this year's physics Nobel Prize awarded to Jim Peebles, Michel Mayor, and Didier Queloz and finish with a discussion of the Nobel Prizes as a way to award and highlight important science. Are they still relevant? When science breakthroughs are built on the backs of hundreds -- and sometimes thousands -- of people's hard work, how do you pick just three to highlight? Join host Rachelle Saunders and astrophysicist, author, and science communicator Ethan Siegel for their chat about astrophysics and Nobel Prizes.