Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 29, 2016
The brain performs feats of math to make sense of the world
Princeton University researchers have found that the brain is quite good at rapidly and subconsciously calculating the likelihood of various events, and remain flexible enough to account for new information.

Radiologists detect breast cancer in 'blink of an eye'
In a paper published Aug. 29 in PNAS, visual attention researchers showed radiologists mammograms for half a second and found that they could identify abnormal mammograms at better than chance levels.

New study: A majority of older adults in jail have distressing health symptoms
According to the study, of the older inmates, 49 percent said they experience poor or fair health, 20 percent have chronic lung disease, and 54 percent have trouble performing daily activities such as bathing, eating, using the toilet, and walking around the house.

OPTICARE trial: Enhanced cardiac rehab programs help heart attack patients
Enhanced cardiac rehabilitation programs that include a year of group or personal lifestyle and fitness coaching did not improve cardiovascular risk scores more than a standard three-month program in patients recovering from a heart attack.

Seymour and Vivian Milstein Award for Excellence in cytokine and interferon research
The International Cytokine and Interferon Society (ICIS) announced today that the Seymour and Vivian Milstein Award has been given to 3 premier scientists who have translated basic research findings into clinical benefit for thousands of patients.

Drug-dispensing contact lens effectively lowers eye pressure in glaucoma model
In a study published online today in Ophthalmology, a team of researchers have shown that a novel contact lens-based system, which uses a strategically placed drug polymer film to deliver medication gradually to the eye, is at least as effective, and possibly more so, as daily latanoprost eye drops in a preclinical model for glaucoma.

NASA sees Lester strengthening into fourth major Eastern Pacific hurricane
When NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Hurricane Lester it was on the verge of becoming a major hurricane.

Less than one-third of adults with depression receive treatment
New findings suggest that most Americans with depression receive no treatment, while raising the possibility that overtreatment of depression is also widespread.

Intelligent technology: The evolution and future of automation
The computer's win signaled a significant evolution of information technology and artificial intelligence, according to Fei-Yue Wang, a professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

New book by Rice's DeConick explores the emergence and revolutionizing role of gnosticism
Gnosticism is a countercultural spirituality that forever changed the practice of Christianity.

Dogs understand both vocabulary and intonation of human speech
Dogs have the ability to distinguish vocabulary words and the intonation of human speech through brain regions similar to those that humans use, a new study reports.

Osteopathic manipulative treatment improves outcomes for elderly pneumonia patients
An analysis of multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial found osteopathic manipulative treatment for pneumonia reduced length of hospital stay in adults 50 to 74 years old and lowered in-hospital mortality rates for patients 75 and older.

Forming Atlantic Tropical Depression 8 seen by NASA
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed over Tropical Depression 8 as it formed off the coast of North Carolina in the Atlantic Ocean.

A novel hybrid polymer simplifies 3-D printing of scaffolds for tissue engineering
A new study describes the development of a novel hybrid polymer suitable for producing 3-D-printed scaffolds on which living cells can be seeded to create engineered tissues.

Meeting theme: Resilience emerging from scarcity and abundance
Agronomists, and crop and soil scientists to meet in Phoenix this November

HKU scientist receives prestigious award from the International Dairy Foods Association
Professor Nagendra Shah, Professor of Food Science and Technology in the School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong was named the recipient for the International Dairy Foods Association Research Award in Dairy Foods Processing in 2016 by the American Dairy Science Association.

Device to control 'color' of electrons in graphene provides path to future electronics
A device made of bilayer graphene, an atomically thin hexagonal arrangement of carbon atoms, provides experimental proof of the ability to control the momentum of electrons and offers a path to electronics that could require less energy and give off less heat than standard silicon-based transistors.

'Animal Farm' immunity receptors only work in a crowd, researchers find
UNSW scientists have discovered how human immune receptors become activated in the presence of harmful substances, paving the way for new technologies to fight against deadly diseases.

AMERICA: No benefit to detecting and treating extra-coronary lesions
In patients with high-risk coronary artery disease, an active strategy of detecting and treating asymptomatic multisite artery disease combined with intensive medical therapy did not improve two-year outcomes compared to a more traditional approach of managing only symptomatic coronary and extra-coronary lesions, new research shows.

Purest yet liver-like cells generated from induced pluripotent stem cells
A team of researchers from the Medical University of South Carolina and elsewhere has found a better way to purify liver cells made from induced pluripotent stem cells.

Meteorite impact on a nano scale
Trenches, craters and hillocks: shapes and structures which are observed after meteorite impacts can also be found on a nanoscale, when crystals are bombarded with heavy ions.

Vitamin C may boost effectiveness of acute myeloid leukemia treatment
A simple adjustment to patients' therapeutic regimen may improve the effectiveness of the standard epigenetic treatment for myeloid dysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

Female fiddler crabs want protection not sex
New research has resolved a mystery over why female fiddler crabs visit and leave many males during mating season, and found the females aren't just being picky.

Increasing nursing mothers' vitamin D levels may benefit babies
New research from New Zealand's University of Otago has found that giving breastfeeding mothers monthly high-dose vitamin D supplements may be a possible way to improve their babies' vitamin D status.

Fewer cardiovascular drugs being studied in clinical trials
The number of cardiovascular drugs in the research pipeline has declined across all phases of development in the last 20 years even as cardiovascular disease has become the No.

NIH funds research to detect tuberculosis progression in people with HIV
Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death worldwide among people infected with HIV.

Sacubitril-valsartan cost-effective for treating reduced ejection fraction heart failure
Sacubitril-valsartan is reasonably cost effective compared to widely-used therapies for reducing mortality and morbidity in patients with reduced ejection fraction heart failure.

Simple equation predicts force needed to push objects through sand
For those of you who take sandcastle building very seriously, listen up: MIT engineers now say you can trust a very simple equation to calculate the force required to push a shovel -- and any other 'intruder' -- through sand.

Tight focus on blood sugar narrows options for diabetes
The glucocentric focus on lowering blood sugar in type 2 diabetes may have short-circuited development of new diabetes therapies, according to a new paper published by Mayo Clinic researchers in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

A new window to understanding the brain
A team of researchers has demonstrated that syringe-injectable mesh electronics can stably record neural activity in mice for eight months or more, with none of the inflammation produced by traditional implanted probes.

Super cement's secret
Mayenite is one smart cement -- it can be turned from an insulator to a transparent conductor and back.

Study finds shark fins & meat contain high levels of neurotoxins linked to Alzheimer's disease
In a new study, University of Miami scientists found high concentrations of toxins linked to neurodegenerative diseases in the fins and muscles of 10 species of sharks.

Outpatient bloodstream infections costly for pediatric transplant and cancer patients
Pediatric stem cell transplant and cancer patients often are discharged from the hospital with an external central venous line for medications that parents or other caregivers must clean and flush daily to avoid potentially life-threatening infections.

Folic acid fortified food linked to decline in congenital heart defects
Food fortified with folic acid helped lower overall rates of congenital heart defects in Canada.

BioOne announces new partnerships, titles for 2017
BioOne proudly announces content partnerships with Canadian Science Publishing, CSIRO Publishing of Australia, and the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, which together will enhance the full-text aggregation BioOne Complete with nine journals in 2017.

Alzheimer's: Nicotinic receptors as a new therapeutic target
Studies have indicated that nicotine may be beneficial for memory function.

Many adults who screen positive for depression don't receive treatment
A new study suggests gaps exist in the treatment of depression with many individuals who screen positive for the mental health disorder not receiving treatment, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

How machine learning can help with voice disorders
A team from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and Massachusetts General Hospital has developed a wearable device that can tell if a user is misusing their voice and potentially someday be used to help detect vocal disorders.

Milky Way had a blowout bash 6 million years ago
The center of the Milky Way galaxy is currently a quiet place where a supermassive black hole slumbers, only occasionally slurping small sips of hydrogen gas.

Scripps Health and MD Anderson Cancer Center announce partnership to create clinically integrated cancer care program
Scripps Health and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have reached a partnership agreement to create Scripps MD Anderson Cancer Center, a comprehensive and clinically integrated cancer care program in San Diego that will provide adult cancer patients greater access to the most advanced oncology care available throughout Southern California.

USDA announces $18.9 million for research facilities at 1890 Land-Grant Universities
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $18.9 million in renewal awards to build or improve agricultural and food science research facilities and equipment at historically black Land-Grant Colleges and Universities.

Continuous roll-process technology for transferring and packaging flexible LSI
A research team led by Professor Keon Jae Lee from the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology and by Dr.

New research finds female mosquitoes can transmit Zika virus to their eggs and offspring
As the recent Miami outbreak of Zika virus, transmitted by the bite of female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, prompts an all-out war on the pest, new research reveals that female mosquitoes can pass the virus on to their eggs and offspring, bolstering the need for larvicide use as an integral part of the effort to stop the spread of the virus.

PACIFIC TRIAL: First head-to-head comparison of noninvasive coronary artery imaging
For patients presenting for the first time with suspected coronary artery disease clinicians have had a number of noninvasive diagnostic tests to choose from, but little evidence for which is best.

Provisional recommendations on a potential new geological time interval
The Anthropocene Working Group is about to present its preliminary findings and recommendations at the International Geological Congress in Cape Town, at the same time indicating the range of voting opinion within the group on the major questions surrounding the Anthropocene.

Scientists report on safe, non-addictive opioid analgesic in animal model
Since the isolation of morphine from opium in the 19th century, scientists have hoped to find a potent opioid analgesic that isn't addictive and doesn't cause respiratory arrest with increased doses.

DOCTORS trial: Invasive imaging sheds more light on percutaneous coronary intervention
An invasive imaging technique called optical coherence tomography can visualize the coronary arteries in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and lead to better outcomes compared to standard angiography-guided PCI, according to new findings reported here.

Study identifies potential targets for treating triple negative breast cancer
In this issue of the JCI, a team led by Eldad Zacksenhaus at Toronto General Research Institute discovered that the growth of TNBC-like breast tumors is supported by enhanced mitochondrial function.

Fair or unfair? Facial cues influence how social exclusion is judged
People are often excluded from social groups. As researchers from the University of Basel report in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, whether uninvolved observers find this acceptable or not may depend on the facial appearances of those excluded.

Interstate Batteries launches sales of OEM batteries for ventilators
Interstate Batteries announced a partnership today with Maquet Medical Systems USA (now Getinge Group) to provide original equipment manufacturer (OEM) batteries to the health care industry through its All Battery Center retail stores.

Amazon forests: Biodiversity can help mitigate climate risks
A forest with greater diversity of plants can better adjust to climatic stress.

Flywheel technology could create new savings for light rail transit
Two UAlberta engineering professors have examined the use of flywheel technology to store energy generated when light rail transit trains decelerate and stop.

Special nerve cells cause goose bumps and nipple erection
The sympathetic nerve system has long been thought to respond the same regardless of the physical or emotional stimulus triggering it.

Five-year study reveals patients operated on at night twice as likely to die as patients who have daytime operations
New research presented at this year's World Congress of Anaesthesiologists in Hong Kong Aug.

Researchers unravel process for the formation of rainstorms
Violent thunderstorms can often cause torrential rain, which pose a threat for both humans and the infrastructure.

Lipoprotein apheresis: A new approach to refractory angina?
Initial investigation of patients with suspected coronary heart disease using functional imaging -- rather than guideline-directed care -- resulted in significantly less unnecessary angiography, according to results of the CE-MARC 2 trial.

UTA engineer working to develop bioinks for use in 3-D printing of tissues, organs
Kyungsuk Yum, an assistant professor in the Materials Science and Engineering Department of UTA's College of Engineering, has earned a $100,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop nanocomposite hydrogel bioinks that could be used for that purpose.

Study may explain why people with type O blood more likely to die of cholera
People with blood type O often get more severely ill from cholera than people of other blood types.

Climate change has less impact on drought than previously expected
As a multiyear drought grinds on in the Southwestern United States, many wonder about the impact of global climate change on more frequent and longer dry spells.

Tiny changes in Parkinson's protein can have 'dramatic' impact on processes behind onset
Very specific mutations in the protein associated with Parkinson's disease (alpha synuclein) can have a profound effect on how processes associated with the disease's onset occur in the brain, researchers have found.

One in two users click on links from unknown senders
Most people know that e-mails and facebook messages from unknown senders can contain dangerous links.

Solar cell is more efficient, costs less than its counterparts
A team of researchers from MIT and the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology has developed a new solar cell that combines two different layers of sunlight-absorbing material to harvest a broader range of the sun's energy and that costs less than its counterparts.

NASA team probes peculiar age-defying star
For years, astronomers have puzzled over a massive star lodged deep in the Milky Way that shows conflicting signs of being extremely old and extremely young.

Vesicles that trap amyloid appear to also contribute to Alzheimer's
Vesicles, fluid-filled sacs that brain cells make to trap amyloid, a hallmark of Alzheimer's, appear to also contribute to the disease, scientists report.

Bringing artificial enzymes closer to nature
Scientists at the University of Basel, ETH Zurich, and NCCR Molecular Systems Engineering have developed an artificial metalloenzyme that catalyses a reaction inside of cells without equivalent in nature.

New research sheds light on how aged wine gets its aroma
Researchers have discovered an enzyme that plays a leading role in the formation of compounds that give aged wines their sought-after aroma.

Standing up for weight management
A new study from the University of Pittsburgh's School of Education examined the potential weight management benefits of sit-stand desks.

First study examines PTSD & cognitive impairment in World Trade Center responders
New research published by the journal Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring confirms the connection between posttraumatic stress disorder and cognitive impairment -- in this case, among those who helped with search, rescue and cleanup efforts following the 2001 World Trade Center attacks.

Molecular switch may sensitize triple-negative breast cancers to immunotherapy
University of Colorado Cancer Center study offers compelling evidence that enzyme PRL-3 is 'switch' in TNF-R1 pathway, determining whether pathway helps cancer cells survive or die when challenged with immunotherapy.

HKU chemists make rapid developments in antibacterial drug research
Dr. Xuechen Li of HKU Department of Chemistry and his research team, together with his collaborators in University of Central Florida (Dr.

Inferring urban travel patterns from cellphone data
In the latest issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers from MIT and Ford Motor Company describe a new computational system that uses cellphone location data to infer urban mobility patterns.

3-D printed tool for building aircraft achieves Guinness World Records title
A 3-D printed trim-and-drill tool, developed by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory to be evaluated at The Boeing Company, has received the title of largest solid 3-D printed item by Guinness World Records™.

Harvard University establishes research alliance with Tata companies
Harvard University has established a six-year, $8.4 million research alliance with a group of Tata companies including Tata Sons, Tata Communications, Tata Steel, and Jaguar Land Rover.

Progress in refining the genetic causes of schizophrenia
An international study led by the University of Exeter Medical School has made advances in understanding the ways in which genetic risk factors alter gene function in schizophrenia.

Patients with moderate to severe TBI twice as likely to die from an unintentional injury
Research examining adults with moderate to severe TBI who participated in rehabilitation showed that they were twice as likely to die from an unintentional injury that occurred following their TBI.

Study examines unnecessary angiography rates among strategies to guide care of suspected CHD
In a study published online by JAMA, John P. Greenwood, Ph.D., of the University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom, and colleagues examined whether among patients with suspected coronary heart disease (CHD), cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)-guided care is superior to National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines-directed care and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS)-guided care in reducing unnecessary angiography.

New hope for Zika treatment found in large-scale screen of existing drugs
Scientists report that a specialized drug screen test using lab-grown human cells has revealed two classes of compounds already in the pharmaceutical arsenal that may work against mosquito-borne Zika virus infections.

New UMN study: America's wars take uneven toll
In today's wars, Americans who die or are wounded in battle are disproportionately coming from poorer parts of the country, according to a new study released this week.

'Multiplicative' benefit of cholesterol and blood pressure-lowering on cardiovascular risk
Long-term exposure to the combination of even modestly lower LDL cholesterol and systolic blood pressure has the potential to 'dramatically reduce' a person's lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease, according to new findings reported at ESC Congress 2016.

NASA eyes powerful Hurricane Gaston almost 600 miles from Bermuda
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Hurricane Gaston as it was strengthening into a major hurricane, almost 600 miles away from Bermuda in the Atlantic Ocean.

Peptide mutants may help to identify vulnerability in tumor cells
Researchers from MIPT, the Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, the Institute for Energy Problems of Chemical Physics, and the Research Institute of Physico-Chemical Medicine have presented an algorithm to detect mutant proteins based on mass spectrometry data and the results of exome sequencing.

Hunt for ninth planet reveals new extremely distant solar system objects
In the race to discover a proposed ninth planet in our solar system, Carnegie's Scott Sheppard and Chadwick Trujillo of Northern Arizona University have observed several never-before-seen objects at extreme distances from the sun in our solar system.

NIH collaboration helps advance potential Zika treatments
Researchers at the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences recently identified compounds that potentially can be used to inhibit Zika virus replication and reduce its ability to kill brain cells.

Female mosquitoes can transmit Zika virus to their eggs and offspring
New research from The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston has shown that female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes can pass the Zika virus to their eggs and offspring.

Isotope study determines fish were more prominent in early Alaskans' diets
Ice age inhabitants of Interior Alaska relied more heavily on salmon and freshwater fish in their diets than previously thought, according to a newly published study.

Will insects be the food of the future? Find out at ICE 2016
At the 2016 International Congress of Entomology, which will be held Sept.

University of Akron researchers find thin layers of water can become ice-like at room temperature
New research by scientists at The University of Akron shows that a nanometer-thin layer of water between two charged surfaces exhibits ice-like tendencies that allow it to withstand pressures of hundreds of atmospheres.

CE-MARC 2: Pointing the way to fewer invasive angiograms
Initial investigation of patients with suspected coronary heart disease using functional imaging -- rather than guideline-directed care -- resulted in significantly less unnecessary angiography, according to results of the CE-MARC 2 trial.

Plants' future water use affects long-term drought estimates
Studies have estimated that more than 70 percent of our planet will experience more drought under a quadrupling of CO2.

Ancient dental plaque sheds new light on the diet of Mesolithic foragers in the Balkans
Micro-fossils trapped in dental calculus reveal that Late Mesolithic foragers were consuming domesticated plant foods c.

Why mole rats are more flexible than we previously thought
One of the most interesting facts about mole rats -- that, as with ants and termites, individuals specialize in particular tasks throughout their lives -- turns out to be wrong.

The CONSERVE trial: Noninvasive imaging can guide more selective invasive coronary angiography
In stable symptomatic patients with suspected coronary artery disease, a strategy of using noninvasive computed tomography to guide the selective use of invasive coronary angiography was safe, and less expensive compared with direct invasive angiography.

NASA spots Central Pacific's Madeline strengthening into a hurricane
As Hurricane Lester in the Eastern Pacific Ocean strengthened into a major hurricane, Tropical Storm Madeline in the Central Pacific became a hurricane.

Calm or fiery? Study says candidate language should match the times
Potential voters who see the nation as being in dire economic straits view a presidential candidate as more 'presidential' when he or she uses high-intensity, emotional language, a new study suggests.

FSU research team makes Zika drug breakthrough
A team of researchers has found existing drug compounds that can both stop Zika from replicating in the body and from damaging the crucial fetal brain cells that lead to birth defects in newborns.

Public and media invited to Goddard to celebrate launch of asteroid mission
Members of the public and the media are invited to celebrate the launch of NASA's OSIRIS-REx sample return mission to an asteroid, on Thursday, Sept.

Penn: Blinding disease in canines and humans shares causative gene, pathology
University of Pennsylvania scientists report that they've directly compared the disease course of a blinding ciliopathy between humans and dogs and found remarkable similarities.

Identifying and treating thyroid disorders in kids
Primary care physicians are critical in identifying children and adolescents who have thyroid disorders and early identification and treatment helps to optimize growth and development.

ERs after Obamacare: More patients, fewer on-call specialists
The average monthly emergency department visit increased by 5.7 percent in Illinois after the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, although the population remained essentially flat.

Irish researchers join international team to make a breakthrough in fundamental physics
An international team of researchers have for the first time, discovered that in a very high magnetic field an electron with no mass can acquire a mass.

Ode to recall: To remember events in order, we rely on the brain's 'symphony'
To remember events in the order they occur, the brain's neurons function in a coordinated way that is akin to a symphony, a team of NYU scientists has found.

First European standards for management of heart attack patients launched today
The first European standards for the management of heart attack patients are launched today by the European Society of Cardiology-Acute Cardiac Care Association.

Graphene key to growing 2-dimensional semiconductor with extraordinary properties
A newly discovered method for making two-dimensional materials could lead to new and extraordinary properties, particularly in a class of materials called nitrides, say the Penn State materials scientists who discovered the process.

Cost savings possible from reducing use of low-value health services, study says
Experts estimate that $200 billion in annual health care spending in the United States is for overtreatment.

Breast cancer researchers look beyond genes to find more drivers of disease development
Breast cancer researchers have discovered that mutations found outside of genes that accumulate in estrogen receptor positive breast tumors throughout their development act as dominant culprits driving the disease.

J.R. Macdonald Lab receives nearly $8 million DOE grant renewal
Kansas State University's James R. Macdonald Laboratory has received a nearly $8 million grant renewal from the US Department of Energy.

HIJ-PROPER trial -- Intensive cholesterol-lowering treatment: No significantly better outcomes
Survival and other cardiovascular outcomes were not significantly reduced with intensive treatment using a second-line cholesterol-lowering medication on top of a standard statin, compared to statin treatment alone in patients with acute coronary syndrome and dyslipidemia, investigators reported here.

How gay men navigate the corporate world
Recent sociology research at the University of Cincinnati looked closely at the various strategies gay men use to manage both their gendered and sexual identities in the workplace.

Artificial intelligence expedites breast cancer risk prediction
Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) software that reliably interprets mammograms, assisting doctors with a quick and accurate prediction of breast cancer risk.

Researchers identify characteristic chemical signature for chronic fatigue syndrome
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a mysterious and maddening condition, with no cure or known cause.

NASA sees Typhoon Lionrock approaching Japan
Tropical Storm Lionrock continued crawling toward the main island of Honshu, Japan, as NASA's Aqua and NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellites passed overhead and gathered data on the storm.

Propagation protocols determined for 2 Nyssa species
Experiments with two Nyssa species showed that cold stratification enhanced speed and uniformity of germination of cleaned seeds of swamp tupelo.

Integrating mental and physical health services results in better outcomes and lower costs, study finds
A new study shows that delivering integrated mental and physical healthcare in team-based primary care settings at Intermountain Healthcare results in better clinical outcomes for patients, lower rates of health-care utilization, and lower costs.

Double your genes: Stepping stones for the next century of understanding plant polyploidy
The resurgence in polyploidy research has followed the surprising result that many plant genomes are actually ancient polyploidy events.

Telemedicine could improve eye exam access for people with diabetes
People with diabetes need yearly eye exams to prevent blindness.

ODYSSEY ESCAPE: Alirocumab cuts apheresis rates in familial hypercholesterolemia
Patients who have heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, a condition that causes abnormally raised low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and premature cardiovascular disease, can significantly reduce or even eliminate their need for expensive and time-consuming apheresis treatments with the PCSK9 inhibitor alirocumab.

SwRI to demonstrate low-cost miniature solar observatory
Southwest Research Institute will flight test a miniature solar observatory on a six-hour high-altitude balloon mission scheduled for the end of August.

Research outlines cellular communication processes that make life possible
Researchers have discovered a mechanism of intercellular communication that helps explain how biological systems and actions -- ranging from a beating heart to the ability to hit a home run -- function properly most of the time, and in some scenarios quite remarkably.

'Internal astigmatism' doesn't compensate for changes in the eye over time
For people with nearsightedness (myopia), the lens doesn't compensate for growth or other changes in the structure of the eye, according to a long-term follow-up study in the September issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.

UT study cracks coldest case: How the most famous human ancestor died
Lucy, the most famous fossil of a human ancestor, probably died after falling from a tree, according to a study appearing in Nature led by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin.

Use it or lose it: UMD study shows that stopping exercise decreases brain blood flow
University of Maryland School of Public Health researchers examined cerebral blood flow in master athletes (ages 50-80 years) before and after a 10-day period during which they stopped all exercise.

NASA peers into Tropical Depression 9 in the Gulf of Mexico
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite analyzed Tropical Depression 9 after formed in the Gulf of Mexico after a slow crawl over the last week.

Single gene mutation causes severely debilitating disease of brain blood vessels
The cause of a disease that targets blood vessels in the brain -- leading to multiple debilitating symptoms and, often, to early death -- has been tracked to a single mutated gene, opening up the immediate possibility of improved patient care through genetic testing, and of future treatments.

Miracle fruit's flowering, fruiting behaviors revealed
Researchers studied flower morphology and development of miracle fruit using microscopic techniques. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to