Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 30, 2016
Kumamoto University's Dr. Hirofumi Kai wins research grant from Alport Syndrome Foundation
The Alport Syndrome Foundation's Research Program has awarded one of two awards this year to Dr.

Caffeine and its analogues revert memory deficits by normalizing stress responses in the brain
A study published in the journal Scientific Reports from Nature publishing group describes the mechanism by which caffeine counteracts age-related cognitive deficits in animals.

Amputees' brains remember missing hands even years later
Our brains have a detailed picture of our hands and fingers, and that persists even decades after an amputation, Oxford University researchers have found.

Inconsistent guidelines for screening transplant recipients at higher cancer risk: Study
People who have received organ transplants are at higher risk of developing and dying of cancer than the general population.

What's hiding behind the trapdoor?
A Griffith University researcher has discovered several new species of trapdoor spider -- and you'd never guess where.

Diamonds and quantum information processing on the nano scale
A City College of New York led-team headed by physicist Dr.

People with alcohol dependency lack important enzyme
A research group under the leadership of Linköping University Professor Markus Heilig has identified an enzyme whose production is turned off in nerve cells of the frontal lobe when alcohol dependence develops.

Creative mathematical tasks contribute to deeper learning in mathematics
Working with creative mathematical tasks is important for pupils both to reflect on mathematics as well as for their subsequent test results.

Argonne theorists solve a long-standing fundamental problem
Trying to understand a system of atoms is like herding gnats -- the individual atoms are never at rest and are constantly moving and interacting.

Dog brains process both what we say and how we say it
The first study to investigate how dog brains process speech shows that our best friends in the animal kingdom care about both what we say and how we say it.

Peers, public perception influence firefighters against safety equipment
Interviews conducted across the country by Drexel University researchers found that firefighters are often influenced by both colleagues and the public's perception of them as risk-takers when choosing whether or not to use their safety equipment.

The Lancet Oncology: Nationwide study sets benchmarks for 30-day mortality following chemotherapy for breast and lung cancer in England
For the first time, national data on 30-day mortality for patients with breast and lung cancer treated with chemotherapy have been collected and analyzed in order to help clinical teams review and improve patient care, and identify groups of patients who may have additional needs.

More tomatoes, faster: Accelerating tomato engineering
While looking for ways to make tomatoes and other crop plants more productive, researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute developed a way to cut the time required to modify a tomato's genes by six weeks.

Global reach of Family Medicine and Community Health
The global reach of family medicine and community health is the theme of the new issue of Family Medicine and Community Health, an international medical journal with editorial offices in China and the US.

What if humans could photosynthesize? (video)
The sun shines a massive amount of energy onto the Earth's surface every day.

Friendships, vaccines, and impressions: Upcoming studies in SPPS
While many scientists explore what people have in common, several studies publishing online to Social Psychological and Personality Science show us how differences help us understand individuals.

Cancer: Molecularly shutting down cancer cachexia
Healthy fat tissue is essential for extended survival in the event of tumor-induced wasting syndrome (cachexia).

Researchers discover machines can learn by simply observing
It is now possible for machines to learn how natural or artificial systems work by simply observing them, without being told what to look for, according to researchers at the University of Sheffield.

People enhanced the environment, not degraded it, over past 13,000 years
Human occupation is usually associated with deteriorated landscapes, but new research shows that 13,000 years of repeated occupation by British Columbia's coastal First Nations has had the opposite effect, enhancing temperate rainforest productivity.

First randomized trial compares stenting techniques for coronary bifurcation
Coronary bifurcations -- a type of coronary artery narrowing -- are best treated with a technique known as culotte stenting, as opposed to T-and-protrusion stenting, when there is need for a side-branch stent according to results of the BBK II (Bifurcations Bad Krozingen) trial.

Light treatments inhibit intumescence injury of tomato
Effects of end-of-day far-red (EOD-FR) light and high blue photon flux (PF) ratio during the photoperiod on intumescence injury were examined for 'Beaufort' tomato seedlings.

NASA satellite catches major Hurricane Madeline as Hawaii braces
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP and NOAA's GOES satellites showed major Hurricane Madeline nearing the Hawaiian Islands.

Plastic surgery seeks to help women gain leadership positions and break through the 'plastic ceiling'
While some progress has been made, further work is needed to achieve more equitable representation of women plastic surgeons in leadership roles, according to a special topic paper in the September issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Increased complications after 2011 Ohio abortion law
Women who had medication abortions were more likely to require additional interventions following implementation of an Ohio law that required abortion providers to adhere to an outdated protocol, according to a study published by Ushma Upadhyay from the University of California, San Francisco, US, and colleagues in PLOS Medicine.

Written 'report card' decreases dentists' antibiotic prescriptions
Dentists are less likely to prescribe antibiotics after they receive a personalized report detailing their past prescription rates, according to a randomized controlled trial of UK dentists published in PLOS Medicine, by Linda Young, NHS Education for Scotland, UK, Jan Clarkson, University of Dundee and Craig Ramsay, Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, and colleagues.

Reconstructing the 6th century plague from a victim
Scientists based in Germany, including Michal Feldman, Johannes Krause, Michaela Harbeck and colleagues have confirmed the bacterial culprit of the plague from sixth century skeletons found in Altenerding, an ancient southern German burial site near Munich.

Trial results for anticoagulants for cardioversion in AF patients published
The results of the largest known clinical trial to investigate the use of anticoagulants prior and post cardioversion in atrial fibrillation patients, published in The Lancet, show that non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants could be equally as effective as the currently used warfarin.

Alzheimer's Association accelerates research on potential sex differences in Alzheimer's
The first-ever Alzheimer's Association Sex and Gender in Alzheimer's (SAGA) research grant awards will provide $2.2 million to nine projects to advance understanding of the disproportionate effect of Alzheimer's disease on women.

Anomalous grooves on Martian moon Phobos explained by impacts
Some of the mysterious grooves on the surface of Mars' moon Phobos are the result of debris ejected by impacts eventually falling back onto the surface to form linear chains of craters, according to a new study.

Smokers more prone to bowel condition relapses, study suggests
Smoking is strongly linked to relapse of a serious bowel condition, research led by the University of Edinburgh has confirmed.

UGA researchers discover a drug for a tropical disease
Researchers at the University of Georgia are working to find the fastest way possible to treat and cure human African trypanosomiasis, long referred to as sleeping sickness.

UAB biomarker outperforms current gold standard to detect brain shunt infections
In a study of children with brain shunts, a University of Alabama at Birmingham investigational biomarker outperformed the current 'gold standard' test for detecting bacterial infections in the shunts.

A rare small specimen discovered from the age of flying giants
A rare small-bodied pterosaur, a flying reptile from the Late Cretaceous period approximately 77 million years ago, is the first of its kind to have been discovered on the west coast of North America.

LifeVest was born to help babies
LifeVest, a technology being developed at St. Michael's Hospital to help newborns breathe, won the Global Healthcare Innovation Academy's international competition in Calgary.

Quest to find the 'missing physics' at play in landslides
A recent discovery in the study of landslides, using annular shear cell measurements of granular flows, confirms that two flow regimes -- an 'elastic regime' and an 'inertial regime' exist.

Two-photon imaging of Meissner's corpuscle mechanoreceptors in living tissue
Researchers at the Nagoya Institute of Technology in Japan have demonstrated that Meissner's corpuscle mechanoreceptors can be observed in living tissue using two-photon microscopy.

A rapid and effective antidote for anticoagulant bleeds
A specially designed antidote to reverse acute, potentially life-threatening anticoagulant-related bleeding worked quickly, and was well-tolerated according to interim results of the ongoing ANNEXA-4 study.

New optical material offers unprecedented control of light and thermal radiation
A team led by Nanfang Yu, assistant professor of applied physics at Columbia Engineering, has discovered a new phase-transition optical material -- samarium nickelate -- and demonstrated novel devices that dynamically control light over a much broader wavelength range and with larger modulation amplitude than what has currently been possible.

BASKET-SAVAGE trial: Drug-eluting stents more benefit in saphenous vein grafts
Drug-eluting stents had a clear advantage over bare metal stents in patients undergoing revascularization of saphenous (leg) vein grafts, results of the BASKET-SAVAGE trial show.

Road map for addressing ethical concerns tied to research on human-animal embryos
A new bioethical framework for addressing concerns surrounding potentially revolutionary research on human-animal embryos is publishing on Aug.

Silver nanoparticles' protein 'corona' affects their toxicity
A senior fellow at the Faculty of Chemistry, MSU, Vladimir Bochenkov together with his colleagues from Denmark succeeded in deciphering the mechanism of interaction of silver nanoparticles with the cells of the immune system.

Microbubbles show whether radiotherapy is reaching its target
An interdisciplinary team of researchers at KU Leuven (University of Leuven), Belgium, have developed a new way to evaluate whether a cancer radiation treatment is effective.

Affordable Care Act has improved access to health care, but disparities persist
The Affordable Care Act has substantially decreased the number of uninsured Americans and improved access to health care, though insurance affordability and disparities by geography, race/ethnicity, and income persist.

Vegetation matters
Researchers show that when it comes to climate change and stream flow, plants play an important role.

With Keck Foundation support, Colorado State researchers to study how viruses attack
Colorado State University life science researchers Tim Stasevich and Brian Musky have received a four-year, $1.2 million grant from the W.M.

A new animal model to understand metastasis in sarcomas
Researchers from IDIBELL have developed a modified version of an orthotopic model to recreate the metastatic steps in Ewing sarcoma, the second most common bone tumor in children and adolescents.

New iPad game could help diagnose autism in children
Dr. Jonathan Delafield-Butt, of the University of Strathclyde's Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, and colleagues at start-up company Harimata, used fun iPad games to track players' hand movements -- gathering information that can help identify autism.

Younger heart attack survivors may face premature heart disease death
For patients age 50 and younger, the risk of premature death after a heart attack has dropped significantly, but their risk is still almost twice as high when compared to the general population, largely due to heart disease and other smoking-related diseases The risk of heart attack can be greatly reduced by quitting smoking, exercising and following a healthy diet.

Single women with personal wealth more likely to become entrepreneurs than men
A new economic study by the University of Stirling and Royal Holloway, University of London has found evidence that there is a big difference in cash flow problems faced by men and women in the UK.

Youth crimes spike immediately after drinking age
A new study from the Northern Medical Program at the University of Northern British Columbia has shown that minimum legal drinking age legislation in Canada can have a major effect on crimes committed by young adults.

REVERSE II trial decision rule helps identify women who can safely discontinue anticoagulants
A clinical decision rule that can be applied to women after a first, unprovoked venous thromboembolism was able to identify those with a low-risk of recurrence who could safely discontinue anticoagulant therapy, researchers reported at ESC Congress 2016.

Study documents a lost century for forest elephants
Because forest elephants are one the slowest reproducing mammals in the world, it will take almost a century for them to recover from the intense poaching they have suffered since 2002.

It's not just the heat: Bad policies contributing to heat-related deaths in farmworkers
A new book by University of Colorado Denver anthropologist Sarah Horton argues that heat fatalities are likely to continue among American farmworkers without reform of immigration, labor, health-care and food safety policies.

Environmental DNA uncovers biodiversity in rivers
Researchers from UZH and Eawag have used 'environmental DNA' to determine the biodiversity of a river.

Tasmanian devils evolve to resist deadly cancer
Tasmanian devils are evolving in response to a highly lethal and contagious form of cancer, a Washington State University researcher has found.

Older patients feel they have little say in choosing dialysis, study says
Starting dialysis treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) should be a shared decision made by an informed patient based on discussions with a physician and family members.

IU study: 'Morning people' self-sabotage less at night, night owls' less at sunrise
A study by psychological researchers at Indiana University shows that people are more likely to undermine their performance at stressful tasks when they're operating at 'peak capacity' based on their preferred time of the day.

System may help treat rare genetic disorder, reduce severe side effects
Researchers have discovered a type of drug delivery system that may offer new hope for patients with a rare, ultimately fatal genetic disorder -- and make what might become a terrible choice a little easier.

Devotion to rearing chicks can come at a cost for migratory birds
Birds that have to work harder during breeding season will feel the effects of their exertions the following year, according to research by Oxford University scientists.

UTA awards 2016 Interdisciplinary Research Program grants to address high-priority issues
UTA has awarded four seed grants to interdisciplinary research projects that address growing problems such as loneliness among the elderly, the need for sustainable green education spaces, the health crisis among urban American Indians or the mechanisms behind heart failure among the elderly.

Colors from darkness: Researchers develop alternative approach to quantum computing
Microwaves created at near absolute zero temperature provide uniquely correlated and controllable states.

Critical protein shows promise for the treatment of Alzheimer's
In new research, Salvatore Oddo and his Biodesign Institute colleagues examine p62 -- a critical protein associated with tell-tale symptoms of Alzheimer's.The study demonstrates for the first time that p62 regulates the degradation or turnover of Aβ in living systems, which may help reverse the effects of damaging plaques in the brain.

'Helix-to-Tube,' a simple strategy to synthesize covalent organic nanotubes
Organic nanotubes (ONTs) are tubular nanostructures composed of organic molecules that have unique properties and have found various applications, such as electro-conductive materials and organic photovoltaics.

Sabotaging bacteria propellers to stop infections
Researchers discovered how to stop bacteria motility and thus how to disrupt bacterial infections.

Psychopaths feel fear but see no danger
Researchers from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and Radboud University Nijmegen found proof that psychopathic individuals can feel fear, but have trouble in the automatic detection and responsivity to threat.

Less efficacy than expected in largest drug-eluting stent trial
New generation drug-eluting stents did not outshine contemporary bare metal stents as they were expected to, in a surprise finding of the largest randomized stent trial to date.

NASA's Terra satellite spies tropical storm weakening Lionrock over Hokkaido
Tropical Storm Lionrock moved over Honshu, the big island of Japan and then proceeded over the Hokkaido, the northernmost island, when NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead and analyzed the storm's cloud top temperatures.

YEARS algorithm in suspected pulmonary embolism: Towards a reduced rate of pulmonary imaging
Patients with suspected pulmonary embolism often undergo computed tomography pulmonary angiography to confirm or exclude the diagnosis.

High seas fisheries management could recoup losses due to climate change
Closing the high seas to fishing could increase fish catches in coastal waters by 10 percent, helping people, especially the most vulnerable, cope with the expected losses of fish due to climate change, new UBC research finds.

Researchers identify neural factors that predict adolescent alcohol use
Researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine have identified 34 neural factors that predict adolescent alcohol consumption.

Stem cell breakthrough unlocks mysteries associated with inherited heart condition
Using advanced stem cell technology, scientists have created a model of a heart condition called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).

Trapped in a nuclear weapon bunker wood ants survive for years in Poland
Having built their nest over the vertical ventilation pipe of an old nuclear weapon bunker in Poland, every year a large number of wood ants fall down the pipe to never return to their colony.

Monkeys in zoos have human gut bacteria
A new study led by the University of Minnesota shows that monkeys in captivity lose much of their native gut bacteria diversity and their gut bacteria ends up resembling those of humans.

Gold from old phones is real prospect thanks to chemical advance
Vast quantities of gold could be salvaged from old mobile phones using a simple chemical method, a study shows.

Cell phone conversations hinder child pedestrian crossing abilities -- Ben Gurion U. study
The study was conducted at the BGU Virtual Environment Simulation Laboratory, one of the world's most sophisticated traffic research facilities, which enables researchers to measure pedestrian reactions to virtual reality scenarios.

Bipolar adolescents continue to have elevated substance use disorder risk as young adults
A follow up to a previous study finding an association between adolescent bipolar disorder and the incidence of cigarette smoking and substance use disorder finds that risk was even greater five years later, particularly among those with persistent bipolar symptoms.

Factors associated with improvement in survival following heart attack
Among nearly 400,000 patients hospitalized with a certain type of heart attack in England and Wales between 2003 and 2013, improvement in survival was significantly associated with use of an invasive coronary strategy (such as coronary angiography) and not entirely related to a decline in baseline clinical risk or increased use of pharmacological therapies, according to a study published online by JAMA.

Experts urge rethink on health target
The concept of premature mortality needs to be either abandoned or redefined if it is not to discriminate against older people, according to a University of East Anglia academic and other experts on aging.

WSU researcher finds mechanism affecting alcohol consumption
A Washington State University researcher has found a mechanism that strongly influences whether or not an animal is likely to drink a lot of alcohol.

PRAGUE-18 trial: Prasugrel and ticagrelor: Equally safe and effective in STEMI
The antiplatelet drugs prasugrel and ticagrelor had similar safety and efficacy among patients with acute myocardial infarction and ST segment elevations (STEMI), according to results of PRAGUE-18, the first randomized, head-to-head comparison of the drugs.

UTA faculty and alumnus celebrated as 'Tech Titans' in 2016 awards
Three faculty and a graduate of UTA won Tech Titans Awards for excellence and leadership in technology fields in 2016, announced at a recent celebratory gala.

A nonet of new plant species from Africa emphasizes the importance of herbaria in botany
Some collected 40 years ago, some as far back as a 100, nine new plant species from the custard apple genus Monanthotaxis have been recently discovered on dusty shelves and described in PhytoKeys to showcase the importance of herbaria in botany.

Transplantation with human placental stem cells improves diabetes complications in rats
When human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells were transplanted into rats modeled with diabetes, researchers found the procedure could positively affect blood vessel growth, potentially improving blood flow and preventing critical limb ischemia, a condition that can result in 'diabetic foot' and frequently leads to amputation.

Defend or grow? These plants do both
From natural ecosystems to farmers' fields, plants face a dilemma of energy use: outgrow and outcompete their neighbors for light, or defend themselves against insects and disease.

Planet Nine could spell doom for solar system
The solar system could be thrown into disaster when the sun dies if the mysterious 'Planet Nine' exists, according to research from the University of Warwick.

Researchers identify multidrug-resistant E. coli bacteria from New Jersey patient
New Jersey researchers have identified what is believed to be the first strain of Escherichia coli bacteria from a patient in the United States that harbored two mobile genes making it resistant to both broad spectrum carbapenem antibiotics as well as colistin, an older antibiotic increasingly used as a last resort for multidrug-resistant infections.

Botulinum neurotoxin in plastic surgery -- what's the evidence for effectiveness?
Botox and other botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) products are widely known for their use in treating facial wrinkles -- but they can also be used to treat a wide range of non-cosmetic problems.

Transplanted bone marrow-derived cells reduce recurrent miscarriage in mice
Researchers transplanted bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) into pregnant mice at risk for miscarriage to determine whether EPCs contributed to reducing the potential for miscarriage when the placenta tends to be irregular and the blood vessel size small when compared with that of normal gestation.

NASA looks at Eastern Pacific's Category 3 Hurricane Lester
NASA satellites provided forecasters with infrared and visible imagery of Major Hurrricane Lester as it continued to move through the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

Pets and children are a potential source of C. difficile in the community
Household transmission of Clostridium difficile to pets and children may be a source of community-associated C. difficile infections according to findings from a new study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.

Intravascular imaging identifies some heart attack patients who can forgo stenting
More than one-quarter of heart attack patients who are normally treated with stents to reopen their blocked arteries might be able to forgo this procedure and receive anti-thrombotic medications only, according to results of a pilot study.

New species of pterosaur discovered in Patagonia
Scientists today announced the discovery of a new species of pterosaur from the Patagonia region of South America.

Satellites see Tropical Depression 8 off the North Carolina coast
ASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP and NOAA's GOES satellites showed Tropical Depression 8 nearing the North Carolina coast.

Retinoic acid suppresses colorectal cancer development, Stanford study finds
Levels of retinoic acid, a vitamin A metabolite, are low in mice and humans with colorectal cancer, according to new research.

Smarter brains are blood-thirsty brains
A University of Adelaide-led project has overturned the theory that the evolution of human intelligence was simply related to the size of the brain -- but rather linked more closely to the supply of blood to the brain.

Systems biology research study reveals benefits of vacation and meditation
Scientists from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, the University of California, San Francisco, and Harvard Medical School used a rigorous study design to assess the biological impact of meditation compared to vacation.

Attitudes towards traffic safety worldwide
The general aim of this work was to contribute to traffic safety by understanding the differences in traffic culture in countries worldwide.

Variation in 'junk' DNA leads to trouble
Although genetic variants are scattered throughout the human genome, scientists have largely ignored the stretches of repetitive genetic code known as 'junk' DNA in their search for differences that influence human health and disease.

Addiction cravings may get their start deep in the right side of the brain
If you really want a drink right now, the source of your craving may be a pea-sized structure deep inside the right side of your brain, according to scientists at the Indiana University School of Medicine.

Plants found to regulate leaf temperature to boost carbon uptake
A new study has found that plants regulate their leaf temperature with some independence from the surrounding air temperature, a trait that increases carbon uptake through photosynthesis.

Friends are no better than strangers in accurately identifying emotion in emails
A recent study by researchers at Chatham University in the journal Human Communication Research, found that friends are no better at interpreting correct emotional intent in emails than complete strangers.

Plastic crystals could improve fabrication of memory devices
A novel 'plastic crystal' developed by Hokkaido University researchers has switching properties suitable for memory-related applications.

Sustainable management of high seas could recoup fish stock losses due to climate change
Closing the high seas to fishing could increase fish catches in coastal waters by 10 percent, compensating for expected losses due to climate change, finds a new Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program study.

Functional human tissue-engineered liver generated from stem and progenitor cells
A research team led by investigators at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles has generated functional human and mouse tissue-engineered liver from adult stem and progenitor cells.

Mitosis study finds potential cancer target
By drilling down to the atomic level of how specific proteins interact during cell division, or mitosis, a team of scientists has found a unique new target for attacking cancer.

ENSURE-AF trial edoxoban: A new anticoagulant option before cardioversion
Patients with atrial fibrillation who need anticoagulation before undergoing electrical correction of their abnormal heartbeat (cardioversion) may benefit from treatment with edoxoban -- a non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant, according to results of the ENSURE-AF trial.

Antipsychotic medications linked to increased risk of pneumonia in persons with Alzheimer's disease
Antipsychotic medications are associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in persons with Alzheimer's disease, according to new research from the University of Eastern Finland.

New research shows how songbirds island-hopped out of Australia
Research finds songbirds began diversifying about 33 million years ago and underwent extensive diversification in Australia.

The 2016 AGI Status of the Geoscience Workforce Report: Positive trends in a hard time
The Status of the Geoscience Workforce Report, is biennial comprehensive report on educational, employment, and economic indicators in the geosciences report.

How the 'police' of the cell world deal with 'intruders' and the 'injured'
Dr Anna Piccinini, an expert in inflammatory signalling pathways at The University of Nottingham, has discovered that the macrophage's 'destroy and repair service' is capable of discriminating between the two distinct threats even deploying a single sensor.

New research suggests specialized nutrition cost-effectively extends lives of malnourished hospitalized adults
A new study found that malnourished older adults who were hospitalized with a heart or lung disease had an additional 8.5 months of estimated life expectancy when they received a specialized nutrition supplement, compared to a placebo group.

Fertigation strategies improve production of Hippeastrum
A study assessed the effects of two nutrient management strategies -- based on electrical conductivity or nitrate-nitrogen -- concentration control on plant growth, ornamental quality, plant-water relations, mineral composition, and water use efficiency for Hippeastrum grown in semiclosed soilless system.

Children with asthma attacks triggered by colds less responsive to standard treatment
A study published in the medical journal The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, confirms that respiratory viral detection, not child's age, explains the high rate of hospitalization for asthma attacks in children under six.

Five Brookhaven Lab projects selected as R&D 100 award finalists
Five projects from the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have been selected as finalists for the 2016 R&D 100 awards, which honor the top 100 proven technological advances of the past year as determined by a panel selected by R&D Magazine.

Towards better treatment of cystitis
Every year, millions of people are treated for cystitis, but despite its prevalence, the disease is still a scientific mystery.

Standing up to childhood obesity by not sitting as much in school
Changing a classroom from standard desks to standing desks, has a significant effect on the body mass index percentile of students.

The rise and fall of galaxy formation
An international team of astronomers has charted the rise and fall of galaxies over 90 percent of cosmic history.

Making pesticide droplets less bouncy could cut agricultural runoff
By using a clever combination of two inexpensive additives to the spray, MIT researchers found they can drastically cut down on the amount of liquid that bounces off plants.

Caution urged in the use of blood pressure lowering treatment for heart disease patients
Caution has been urged in the use of blood pressure lowering treatment for heart disease patients after a study in more than 22 000 patients with coronary artery disease found that too low blood pressure was associated with worse outcomes.

Cannabinoid receptor activates spermatozoa
Biologists from Bochum and Bonn have detected a cannabinoid receptor in spermatozoa.

Satellite sees large Tropical Depression 9 in the Gulf of Mexico
Although the center of Tropical Depression 9 moved away from Cuba and into the southeastern Gulf of Mexico, western Cuba was still getting drenched from the system.

Technique could assess historic changes to Antarctic sea ice and glaciers
Historic changes to Antarctic sea ice could be unravelled using a new technique pioneered by scientists at Plymouth University.

Shrinking the inside of an explosion
Though cumbersome, the flat plate impact is the only way to precisely recreate the conditions inside a detonating explosive -- and now researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have recreated this in miniature on a tabletop.

UofL research shows that children at home did not prompt parents to test for radon, secondhand smoke
Luz Huntington-Moskos, Ph.D., R.N., C.P.N., UofL School of Nursing assistant professor, recently published findings in the journal Public Health Nursing that show the presence of children in the home did not motivate parents to test and mitigate for radon and secondhand tobacco smoke, both of which cause lung cancer.

Longer duration of dual antiplatelet therapy after stent placement improves outcomes for patients with peripheral arterial disease
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Marco Valgimigli, M.D., Ph.D., of Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland, and colleagues assessed the efficacy and safety of prolonged (24 months) vs short (6 months or less) dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with peripheral arterial disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to