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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | September 01, 2016

NASA sees Lester move into central Pacific Ocean basin
Hurricane Lester continues to march to the west and NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite saw the storm as it was crossing from the Eastern Pacific to the Central Pacific Ocean and triggered new hurricane watches for Hawaii.
Field Museum scientists unearth centuries-old crocodile stone
The discovery of a carved stone crocodile by Field Museum archaeologists has provided a key to revising long-held ideas about the ruins of the ancient city of Lambityeco in what is now Oaxaca, Mexico.
Ceres: The tiny world where volcanoes erupt ice
ASU scientist David Williams is investigating how volcanic activity driven by salty water has reshaped the face of Ceres, the biggest little world in the asteroid belt.
Young children's antibiotic exposure associated with higher food allergy risk
Antibiotic treatment within the first year of life may wipe out more than an unwanted infection: exposure to the drugs is associated with an increase in food allergy diagnosis, new research from the University of South Carolina suggests.
Study: Safety net programs don't support high rates of trauma in participants
A recent study by researchers from Drexel University's Center for Hunger-Free Communities found that a high number of participants in a federal cash assistance program have suffered significant childhood adversity, exposure to violence as adults and other poverty-related stressors, highlighting the need to take participants' past trauma into account.
Why pneumococci affect primarily humans
A special variant of a sugar molecule in the human nose might explain why pneumococcal infections are more common in humans than in other animals, researchers from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden report in a study published in the journal Cell Host & Microbe.
Trauma's epigenetic fingerprint observed in children of Holocaust survivors
The children of traumatized people have long been known to be at increased risk for posttraumatic stress disorder, and mood and anxiety disorders.
Researchers find vulnerabilities in cars connected to smartphones
Many of today's automobiles leave the factory with secret passengers: prototype software features that are disabled but that can be unlocked by clever drivers.
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2016
This tip sheet includes: 1) Metals that bind, 2) Cleaner coatings, 3) Testing future reactors, and 4) Modeling radiation damage.
Chemistry method expedites path to useful molecules for medicine
A collaboration of Chinese and US chemists has laid out a highly efficient method to convert abundant organic molecules into new medicines.
Six teams seek to identify biological factors that influence neural regeneration
The National Institutes of Health will fund six projects to identify biological factors that affect neural regeneration in the retina.
New Investigator Award to help arrest global cereals killer
With a 70 percent increase in global agriculture productivity needed to feed nine billion people by 2050, defending against wheat yellow rust requires immediate action to secure our global food supplies.
Endangered right whale population threatened by entanglements & declining birth rate
The most endangered large whale species in the Atlantic is threatened by increasing rates of lethal and debilitating entanglements and a dramatic 40 percent decline in birth rates since 2010.
Most states report medicaid covers children's key mental health services but gaps remain
A national study shows an uneven picture of states' use of Medicaid to help families with young children gain access to mental health services.
Keeping cool without losing your shirt
Researchers have developed a cloth that reflects sunlight and also allows heat radiating from a person's body to escape -- jettisoning major forms of heat from an individual's body.
Cannabis reduces short-term motivation to work for money
Smoking the equivalent of a single 'spliff' of cannabis makes people less willing to work for money while 'high,' finds a new UCL study.
Making memories stronger and more precise during aging
Buried deep underneath the folds of the cerebral cortex, neural stem cells in the hippocampus continue to generate new neurons, inciting a struggle between new and old as the new attempts to gain a foothold in memory-forming center of the brain.
New TSRI method makes building 'one-handed' drugs easier than ever
Chemists at the Scripps Research Institute have invented a new technique for constructing one-handed or 'chiral' drug molecules.
Scientists launch research aircraft to track West African pollution
Scientists operating research aircraft over West Africa have detected organic materials in the atmosphere over a number of urban areas, contributing to concerns of the rise in pollution across the region.
Parents' math skills 'rub off' on their children
Parents who excel at math produce children who excel at math.
Policing biases -- A critical issue facing law enforcement today
The number one issue facing policing today is the allegation that officers act on stereotypes and biases.
A missing influence in keeping diversity within the academy?
A new study of science Ph.D.s who embarked on careers between 2004 and 2014 showed that while nearly two-thirds chose employment outside academic science, their reasons for doing so had little to do with the advice they received from faculty advisors, other scientific mentors, family, or even graduate school peers.
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine: Decision-making tool may help doctors cut unnecessary antibiotic prescribing
Respiratory tract infections (RTI) with cough are the most common reason children are prescribed antibiotics by their doctors, but up to a third of prescriptions may be unnecessary.
New step towards clean energy production from enzymes
Oxygen inhibits hydrogenases, a group of enzymes that are able to produce and split hydrogen.
CrossFitters need rest too, study finds
Are you a fitness enthusiast? If so, moderation and appropriate rest periods may be the key to healthier exercise, as consecutive CrossFit-style workouts could impair the immune system by affecting inflammatory proteins.
Crystallization plate provides clues on protein structure aboard historic space mission
A new crystallization plate, developed and tested at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, or CHESS, hitched a ride to outer space and is helping a major drugmaker learn about protein structure.
Sleeping brain's complex activity mimicked by simple model
Researchers have built and tested a new mathematical model that successfully reproduces complex brain activity during deep sleep, according to a study published in PLOS Computational Biology.
$12M federal contract to MU to found education program for National Intelligence Agency
Sailors, pilots, military service men and women deployed around the world, and government officials who make national security decisions all rely on the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) to provide them with timely geospatial information.
Sinologist Lena Henningsen is the 2016 winner of the Leopoldina Early Career Award
Dr Lena Henningsen of the Institute of Chinese Studies at Freiburg University and member of the Young Academy has won the Leopoldina Early Career Award 2016, which is worth €30,000 and is funded by the Commerzbank Foundation.
Address systemic issues to change toxic health care environment, SLU commentary says
A Saint Louis University commentary in Academic Medicine urges taking a multipronged approach to improve the mental health of medical school students, which ultimately impacts physician burnout and the care patients receive.
Stanford-hosted study examines how AI might affect urban life in 2030
A diverse panel of academic and industrial thinkers has looked ahead to 2030 to forecast how advances in artificial intelligence might affect life in a typical North American city, and to spur discussion about how to ensure that AI applications are deployed in ways that are safe, fair and beneficial.
The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Climate and air travel maps identify countries in Africa and Asia at greatest risk of Zika virus
Many countries across Africa and Asia-Pacific may be vulnerable to Zika virus outbreaks, with India, China, the Philippines, Indonesia, Nigeria, Vietnam, Pakistan, and Bangladesh expected to be at greatest risk of Zika virus transmission due to a combination of high travel volumes from Zika affected areas in the Americas, local presence of mosquitos capable of transmitting Zika virus, according to a new modelling study published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
Politics affect views on healthcare quality -- but not on personal experience with care
What do you think about the quality of healthcare in the United States?
Study finds heart infections increasing among younger injection drug users
Serious heart infections caused by injection drug use are on the rise, particularly among young whites, according to a new study published in Open Forum Infectious Diseases, now available online.
Multiple resources jointly control plant diversity
It is well-established that the addition of nutrients in grassland ecosystems -- both through farming and atmospheric deposition -- reduces plant diversity.
Researchers take step toward eliminating cancer recurrence
Scientists from the United States have made an important step toward eliminating cancer recurrence by combining immunotherapy with chemotherapy.
'Gambling' wolves take more risks than dogs
Wolves pursue a high-risk, all-or-nothing strategy when gambling for food, while dogs are more cautious, shows a new study.
It's a boy: Controlling pest populations with modified males
Populations of New World screwworm flies -- devastating parasitic livestock pests in Western Hemisphere tropical regions -- could be greatly suppressed with the introduction of male flies that produce only males when they mate.
Technology and innovation not driven by climate change
Middle Stone Age of southern Africa is a period of dramatic innovation in subsistence, cultural and technical practices.
Clemson scientist receives $362,000 NIH grant to study the effects of toxicants on obesity
Clemson University scientist William 'Bill' Baldwin recently received a three-year, $362,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to continue studies on how exposure to chemicals is likely to inhibit our bodies' internal mechanisms, which could increase the risk and severity of obesity in millions of people in the United States and billions worldwide.
McMaster engineer working with NASA to improve deep space medicine
McMaster University Electrical and Computer Engineering professor and Director of the McMaster eHealth Program Tom Doyle is among a team of experts working with NASA to determine what medial training and technology astronauts need to save a life in space.
Images from Sun's edge reveal origins of solar wind
Ever since the 1950s discovery of the solar wind -- the constant flow of charged particles from the Sun -- there's been a stark disconnect between this outpouring and the sun itself.
Iowa State engineers treat printed graphene with lasers to enable paper electronics
Iowa State engineers have led development of a laser-treatment process that allows them to use printed graphene for electric circuits and electrodes -- even on paper and other fragile surfaces.
Are promises made to living donors being upheld?
Most prior living kidney donors in the United States who later need a transplant receive one quickly, but some are not readily given the priority they were promised when they donated.
Hospitalizations for heart infection related to drug injection rising across the US
Hospitalizations for infective endocarditis, a heart valve infection often attributed to injection drug use, increased significantly among young adults, particularly whites and females.
Dawn spacecraft at Ceres: Craters, cracks, and cryovolcanos
Six studies highlight new and unexpected insights into Ceres, a dwarf planet and the largest object in the asteroid belt (between Mars and Jupiter).
Physician experts highlight research ahead of Otolaryngology's annual meeting
The 2016 American Academy of Otolaryngolog Program Advisory Committee, comprised of expert physician members, selected 12 research studies to highlight in recognition of outstanding scientific merit and innovation.
When silencing phantom noises is a matter of science
New study in mice proposes the first gene that could help prevent tinnitus, that ringing in the ears inside one's head when no external sound is present.
Rotten egg gas could help protect diabetics from heart complications
A gas that was formerly known for its noxious qualities could help people with diabetes recover from heart and blood vessel complications, concludes research led by the University of Exeter Medical School.
'Tug of war' keeps scientists working on storm tracks
A new analysis published this week in Nature Geoscience by the University of Chicago's Tiffany Shaw and others finds that human-induced climate change complicates projecting the future position of storms.
Drugs in the water? Don't blame the students
A new study contradicts the common assumption that down-the-drain disposal is an important source of pharmaceutical pollution in wastewater.
Bacterial membrane vesicles can cause preterm birth
A study published on Sept. 1 in PLOS Pathogens reports that GBS produces membrane-bound vesicles containing bacterial factors that can attack the host tissue.
Synthetic heart valves could help surgeons improve surgical skills
A UBC invention has made it possible for doctors to vastly improve their bypass surgery techniques without relying on animals.
Making the switch, this time with an insulator
Colorado State University physicists have demonstrated a new approach to low-power computer memory.
Georgia State University and ALPAO sign agreement for adaptive optics upgrade on telescopes at CHARA
Georgia State University's Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy and the French company ALPAO have signed a contract for the development of an adaptive optics upgrade for the CHARA Array, the largest optical interferometer array in the world.
Gastric bypass is better than other procedures for sustainable weight loss
Gastric bypass surgery is more effective for weight loss and long-term weight maintenance than are other surgical procedures and non-surgical treatment, according to a study led by researchers at Duke Health and the Durham VA Medical Center.
Life and death: Hopkins team finds hospital readmissions sometimes save lives
A group of Johns Hopkins physicians and researchers today published an article in the Journal of Hospital Medicine suggesting that data on mortality and hospital readmission used by the United States Centers for Medicare and Medicaid suggest a potentially problematic relationship.
Dengue vaccine could increase or worsen dengue in some settings
The only approved vaccine for dengue may actually increase the incidence of dengue infections requiring hospitalization rather than preventing the disease if health officials aren't careful about where they vaccinate, new public health research published Sept.
Stanford engineers develop a plastic clothing material that cools the skin
Researchers have engineered a low-cost plastic material that could become the basis for clothing that cools the wearer, reducing the need for energy-consuming air conditioning.
Blood cancer treatment may age immune cells as much as 30 years
University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers, by tracking a molecular marker that has been shown to increase in white blood cells as people age, have uncovered clues that suggest that stem cell transplant is linked to a marked increase in the 'molecular age' of these immune cells in a group of patients with blood cancer.
ASHG welcomes 2016-17 fellows in genetics policy and education
ASHG is pleased to welcome the 2016-2017 ASHG-National Human Genome Research Institute Fellows in Genetics & Public Policy and Genetics & Education.
A new tool for wetland management
A team of environmental engineers and a wetland ecologist have created a computer model that can help wetland managers increase the size of migratory bird habitat and combat invasive vegetation using existing resources.
UCF team tricks solid into acting as liquid
Two scientists at the University of Central Florida have discovered how to get a solid material to act like a liquid without actually turning it into liquid, potentially opening a new world of possibilities for the electronic, optics and computing industries.
Fulfilling an unmet need for children with autism spectrum disorders
Backed by a $1.5 million grant from the US Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences, Michael Solis, an assistant professor of special education at the University of California, Riverside, is creating the first reading intervention program specifically designed for children with ASD, a disorder that affects one in 68 children in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Location, location, location: Cellular hotspots for tumors and regeneration
Two studies publishing on Sept. 1 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology identify Drosophila larva cells with unique properties.
Study: Care providers underestimate pain during pediatric burn dressing change
A new study from the Center for Pediatric Trauma Research at Nationwide Children's Hospital suggests that pediatric burn pain assessment can vary not only based on patient pain intensity, but also nurse clinical experience.
EUS-FNA can help doctors manage certain pancreatic lesions more effectively
An endoscopic procedure can improve the outlook for patients with a fairly common type of pancreatic lesion that is challenging to manage and that, if left untreated, can progress to cancer, according to a study in the September issue of GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the peer-reviewed journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE).
One more reason to swear off tobacco: The inflammatory trap induced by nicotine
An Umeå-based team in collaboration with US researchers reveals a new link between nicotine and inflammation.
Patient care can improve with technology in nursing homes
Research from the University of Missouri shows increases in IT sophistication can lead to potential improvements in health care quality measures.
Fifty things you need to know about elections
Why did the pollsters get the 2015 election so wrong, why are estate agents trusted more than politicians, and who would Santa vote for?
Mathematical nanotoxicoproteomics: Quantitative characterization of effects of multi-walled carbon nanotubes
In this paper, mathematical models were developed to characterize proteomics patterns of Caco-2/HT29-MTX cells exposed for three and twenty four hours to two kinds of important nanoparticles: multi-walled carbon nanotubes and TiO2 nanobelts.
NIH review finds nondrug approaches effective for treatment of common pain conditions
Data from a review of US-based clinical trials published today in Mayo Clinic Proceedings suggest that some of the most popular complementary health approaches -- such as yoga, tai chi, and acupuncture -- appear to be effective tools for helping to manage common pain conditions.
Genome-wide Toxoplasma screen reveals mechanisms of parasitic infections
Whitehead Institute researchers have conducted the first genome-wide screen in Apicomplexa, a phylum of single-celled parasites that cause diseases such as malaria and toxoplasmosis.
Parental psychiatric disease linked with elevated risks of attempted suicide and violent offending during adulthood
In the first study to consider these two adverse outcomes in the same cohort, researchers have shown a strong correlation between parental psychiatric disorder and the increased risk of suicide attempts and violent behavior in their children.
Developing a global strategy for first dengue vaccine deployment
An analysis performed by scientists studying the world's first marketed dengue virus vaccine (Dengvaxia) has identified the need for a better understanding of how it should be deployed on a global scale, perhaps in conjunction with a diagnostic tool to identify individuals most at risk of negative effects.
Serendipitous finding leads scientists to propose mechanism to explain benign prostatic hyperplasia
Benign prostatic hyperplasia affects about half the men between 51 and 60 years of age, and nine out of 10 men older than 80.
Dengue vaccine may increase risk of severe disease if used in areas with low rates of infection
The world's only licensed vaccine for dengue may worsen subsequent dengue infections if used in areas with low rates of dengue infection, suggests new research.
Lung disease costs set to rise to £2.5bn per year, experts project
The cost of treating a smoking-related chronic lung disease will exceed more than £2.3 billion per year in England -- and £200 million in Scotland -- by 2030, research led by the University of Edinburgh suggests.
Strain differences in Zika infection gene patterns
Scientists have revealed molecular differences between how the African and Asian strains of Zika virus infect neural progenitor cells.
Career advice for young allergy patients
Approximately one-third of apprentices in Germany are at elevated risk of occupational asthma, allergies, and dermatitis.
Of dogs, foxes, cows, camels, and men -- the fight against rabies in Northern China
China has the second highest number of reported rabies cases in the world, but numbers of human deaths have been decreasing.
NASA's GPM sees increasingly organized Tropical Storm Hermine
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission known as GPM found intense storms in Tropical Storm Hermine as it continued to strengthen and organize in the Gulf of Mexico.
Countries across Africa, Asia-Pacific vulnerable to Zika virus, new study finds
Parts of Africa and the Asia-Pacific region may be vulnerable to outbreaks of the Zika virus, including some of the world's most populous countries and many with limited resources to identify and respond to the mosquito-borne disease, a new study says.
NASA satellite sees Hurricane Gaston headed toward the Azores
NASA's Terra satellite passed over Hurricane Gaston and provided a visible look at powerful Hurricane Gaston as it headed toward the Azores Islands in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean.
The threat of group extinction proves a powerful motivator
Charles Darwin was right: Groups enjoy an advantage whose members are 'ready to aid one another and to sacrifice themselves for the common good.'
New study uses cutting-edge miniature photography to unravel how vitamin A enters cells
Using a new, lightning-fast camera paired with an electron microscope, University of Maryland School of Medicine scientists have captured images of one of the smallest human proteins to be 'seen' with a microscope.
Wounds from childhood bullying may persist into college years, study finds
Childhood bullying inflicts the same long-term psychological trauma on girls as severe physical or sexual abuse, suggests a new survey of college students led by bullying researcher Dorothy Espelage while she was on the education faculty of the University of Illinois.
NASA sees a weaker Tropical Storm Madeline passing south of Hawaii's Big Island
Once a major hurricane, Madeline was a tropical storm that appeared shapeless on a visible satellite image as it was passing south of the big island of Hawaii.
Elotuzumab in multiple myeloma: Added benefit not proven
The only study presented was unsuitable for the benefit assessment.
Paleontology: A monster put in its place
An analysis of the fossil known as the Minden Monster has enabled paleontologists to assign the largest predatory dinosaur ever found in Germany to a previously unknown genus, among a group that underwent rapid diversification in the Middle Jurassic.
Unique health survey of Finnish cats reveals common and breed-specific illnesses
A research group led by Professor Hannes Lohi at the University of Helsinki and Folkhälsan Research Centre has conducted a unique study on the health of Finnish cats.
Hermine becomes a hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico
Tropical Storm Hermine officially reached hurricane status on Thursday, Sept.
Criminologists detail the personal and professional costs of using confidential informants
Interviews with law enforcement officers who work with confidential drug informants reveal that the practice, while aiding in investigations and arrests, can also extract huge personal, professional and organizational costs, according to research published in a new book this month.
Subantarctic seabed creatures shed new light on past climate
A new study reveals it takes thousands of years for seabed communities to recover from major glaciation events.
Intensified and multifaceted treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes and known vascular damage extends life by around 8 years
A long-term Danish follow-up study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) now shows that intensified and multifaceted treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes and a common complication microalbuminuria extends median lifetime by eight years.
Study links autism severity to genetics, ultrasound
For children with autism and a class of genetic disorders, exposure to diagnostic ultrasound in the first trimester of pregnancy is linked to increased autism severity, according to a study by researchers at UW Medicine, UW Bothell and Seattle Children's Research Institute.
Findings about protein could open door to new class of antibiotics
Researchers have made the first-ever detailed, atomic-level images of a peroxiredoxin, which has revealed a peculiar characteristic of this protein that might form the foundation for an entirely new class of antibiotics.
Rutgers engineers use microwaves to produce high-quality graphene
Rutgers University engineers have found a simple method for producing high-quality graphene that can be used in next-generation electronic and energy devices: bake the compound in a microwave oven.
Can melting of frozen methane explain rapid climate change 56 million years ago?
New research, led by the University of Southampton, suggests that the release of methane from the seafloor was much slower than previously thought during a rapid global warming event 56 million years ago.
RIT researcher wins federal grant for work to aid in development of new antibiotics
A Rochester Institute of Technology professor has received a federal award for research that could help in the critical battle to develop new drugs to combat the drastic rise in the number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Why does dying cost more for people of color? New study takes a deeper look
Dying in America is an expensive process, with about 1 in 4 Medicare dollars going to care for people in their last year of life.
Scientists find new system in tomato's defense against bacterial speck disease
Researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute and Virginia Tech have discovered a new receptor used by tomatoes to detect the organism that causes bacterial speck disease.
NASA satellite sees dissipation of Tropical Depression 8
NASA's Terra satellite provided an infrared image of Tropical Depression 8 as it was dissipating about 400 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
Species conservation profile of a critically endangered endemic for the Azores spider
Subject to continuing population decline due to various factors, an endemic cave-dwelling spider from the Azores is considered as Critically Endangered according to the IUCN Red List criteria.
Researchers find gene mutations lead to more aggressive colon cancer in African-Americans
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers, a research collaboration which includes University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University, who last year identified new gene mutations unique to colon cancers in African-Americans, have found that tumors with these mutations are highly aggressive and more likely to recur and metastasize.
Zika reference strain sequenced -- Will aid in diagnosis, screening
An international team of researchers has sequenced a strain of the Zika virus that will be used as a World Health Organization reference strain to identify Zika virus infection in the blood, thus making it easier to diagnose the disease.
A new study explores concerns of African American breast cancer survivors
Researchers examine the biggest challenges for African American women after receiving breast cancer treatment.
Longer survival of advanced cancer patients given methylnaltrexone for constipation suggests role for mu opiate receptor in cancer progression
A study of advanced cancer patients published in the journal Annals of Oncology and presented at this year's World Congress of Anaesthesiologists in Hong Kong suggests that opioid painkillers and their receptor in cells -- the mu opiate receptor -- could be involved in cancer progression, and could thus be a target for treatments.
Genetic intersection of neurodevelopmental disorders and shared medical conditions
Researchers at the Institute for the Developing Mind at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have analyzed current gene-disease findings to understand why people with neurodevelopmental and mental illness often have physical disorders.
Immersion pulmonary edema may cause swimming deaths during triathlons
Heart abnormalities linked to immersion pulmonary edema were present in a greater-than-expected proportion of triathletes who died during the competition's swim portion, according to a study led by researchers at Duke Health.
Implanted device successfully treats central sleep apnea, study finds
A study finds implanted nerve stimulator significantly improves symptoms in those with central sleep apnea, without serious side effects.
Doctors: Beware of low diastolic blood pressure when treating hypertension
By analyzing medical records gathered over three decades on more than 11,000 Americans participating in a federally funded study, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine say they have more evidence that driving diastolic blood pressure too low is associated with damage to heart tissue.
Induced labor after water breakage poses no harm to mothers or babies, TAU research finds
A new Tel Aviv University study has determined that natural, spontaneous deliveries and induced deliveries following the rupture of the amniotic sac in the mother share similar neonatal outcomes, contradicting common wisdom.
Tight DNA packaging protects against 'jumping genes,' potential cellular destruction
Scientists discovered that the major developmental function of heterochromatin -- a form of tight DNA packaging found in chromosomes -- is likely the suppression of virus-like DNA elements known as transposons or 'jumping genes,' which can otherwise copy and paste themselves throughout the genome, potentially destroying important genes, and causing cancers and other diseases.
Deadly duo
Researchers at Technical University of Munich have discovered that the amphipod crustacean, which is native to the Ponto-Caspian region, is not a true predator and only plays an indirect role in the massive species extinction of crustaceans in native waters.
Unlocking the mystery on how plant leaves grow their teeth
Plant biologists at ITbM, Nagoya University have discovered the key element, an EPFL2 peptide that is responsible for creating the teeth-like shapes on plant leaves.

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