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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | September 02, 2016


Study shows extreme preemies must watch blood sugars and weight
(ELBW) babies are four times more likely to develop dysglycemia, or abnormal blood glucose, than their normal birth weight (NBW) peers and more likely than their peer group to have higher body fat and lower lean mass in adulthood, although both groups have a similar (BMI)
Latest findings from human factors research on automation in vehicles to be presented
Many human factors experts -- some of whom will attend the HFES 2016 Annual Meeting -- are studying effects of automation in vehicles to help ensure the safe application of technology for drivers, passengers, pedestrians, and infrastructure.
Babies chew on subtle social, cultural cues at mealtime
At the dinner table, babies do a lot more than play with their sippy cups, new research suggests.
NASA's Terra satellite sees small burst in Tropical Depression Madeline
Although Tropical Storm Madeline weakened to a depression, infrared satellite imagery showed a small burst of strength in the storm as strong thunderstorms developed near the center of the storm.
Parametric analysis on collapse-resistance performance of reinforced-concrete frame with specially shaped columns under loss of a corner column
The finite element analysis on the static test of a reinforced concrete frame with specially shaped columns in the event of one corner column removal was conducted and verified accurately enough to further perform parametric analysis.
Early-onset spring models may indicate 'nightmare' for ag
Warm springs in the Great Lakes and Northeast regions -- which create havoc for agriculture -- may start earlier by mid-century if greenhouse gas emissions are not reduced, according to a new Cornell University study published in Climate Dynamics.
BioPontis Alliance for Rare Diseases and VIB announce partnership on rare diseases
Today, BioPontis Alliance for Rare Diseases, a unique international nonprofit organization, and VIB, an excellence-based Life Science Research Institute in Belgium, announced a strategic partnership in rare diseases.
Rural Nepal: Despite evidence that hospital births are safer, poverty keeps women home
Encouraging hospital births are an important component of reducing maternal mortality in low-resource settings.
Living with dementia: Life story work proves successful
A pioneering study led by researchers at the University of York's Social Policy Research Unit shows that life story work has the potential to help people with dementia.
X chromosome: The structure makes the difference
In male cells of the fruit fly Drosophila, the X chromosome is twice as active as in female cells.
Edible dormice: High food availability slows down cell aging
Hibernation has long been considered the secret behind the relatively long lifespan of the edible dormouse.
'Materials that compute' advances as Pitt engineers demonstrate pattern recognition
The potential to develop 'materials that compute' has taken another leap at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering, where researchers for the first time have demonstrated that the material can be designed to recognize simple patterns.
HFES Annual Meeting presentations to focus on human factors in cyber security
The more data that goes mobile, the greater is exposure to vulnerabilities, requiring a deeper understanding of human factors so that cyber security systems and processes can be improved.
Turn down the volume
A guide launched today by IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, outlines best practices to ensure environmentally responsible seismic surveys and other forms of undersea mapping, with the aim of minimizing negative impacts of loud associated noise on marine life.
The great tit, Parus major, does better in the countryside
A study by researchers at Ludwig Maximilian University and the Max Planck Institute of Ornithology shows that birds in an urban environment have fewer and smaller offspring than in rural settings.
Encouraging decrease in certain antibiotic resistance levels of gonococci across Europe
In 2014, the susceptibility of gonococci to two of the recommended antibiotics for gonorrhoea treatment has shown signs of improvement, according to results from the European Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme.
Important signaling pathway for leukemia cells discovered
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive form of blood cancer.
Discovery offers hope for new Crohn's disease treatment
Scientists at the University of British Columbia have made a discovery that could potentially lead to treatments for a debilitating complication of Crohn's disease.
ORNL licenses rare earth magnet recycling process to Momentum Technologies
The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Momentum Technologies have signed a non-exclusive licensing agreement for an ORNL process designed to recover rare earth magnets from used computer hard drives.
The supernova that wasn't: A tale of 3 cosmic eruptions
Long-term observations with the Hubble Space Telescope revealed that Eta Carinae, a very massive star system that has puzzled astronomers since it erupted in a supernova-like event in the mid 19th century, has a past that's much more violent than they thought.
Personnel selection, training could mitigate effects of cognitive lock-up in automation operators
A paper published online in Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society describes a correlation between an operator's working memory and ability to sustain attention and a phenomenon known as cognitive lock-up, when an individual focuses longer on an initial failure event than on subsequent failures.
3-D graphene has promise for bio applications
Graphene oxide flakes can be welded together into solid materials that may be suitable for bone implants, according to an international study led by Rice University.
Osteoporosis: Antibody crystallized
Inhibiting a protein called Sclerostin could probably help treating the bone-loss disease osteoporosis.
New light on the complex nature of 'hot Jupiter' atmospheres
A team of international researchers used state-of-the-art modelling techniques to extensively study the atmosphere of a 'hot Jupiter' found 150 light-years from Earth.
NASA observes a weaker Tropical Cyclone Gaston, warnings up in Azores
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Gaston as it continued to weaken over the waters of the North Central Atlantic Ocean and head toward the Azores Islands.
Global study shows link between fertilizer and plant diversity
Building on research published by internationally renowned U of M ecologist David Tilman more than three decades ago, a new study led by Stan Harpole, a professor at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research in Leipzig, Germany and a former student of Tilman, published today in the journal Nature, shows that adding multiple nutrients decreases plant diversity in complex ways that go beyond simply crowding out the competition's sunshine.
Insilico Medicine to co-organize and present new research data at the Aging Forum at BLSW
Insilico Medicine, Inc, one of the leading companies applying latest advances in artificial intelligence to drug discovery, biomarker development and aging research is co-organizing the 3rd International Practical Applications for Aging Research Forum at the Basel Life Science Week in Basel, Switzerland, Sept.
NASA sees Hurricane Lester approaching Hawaiian Islands
Hurricane Lester was nearing the Hawaiian Islands when NASA's Aqua satellite caught an image of the powerful and well-developed storm.
NASA sees Hermine's twin towers
In order for Hermine or any other tropical depression, to intensify there must be a pathway for heat energy from the ocean surface to enter the atmosphere.
Circulating immune cells as biomarkers for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München, a partner in the German Center for Lung Research, have discovered that the number of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) is increased in the blood of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Luminous heart cells: Jellyfish proteins assist in heart rhythm disorder research
Cell models from stem cells serve an ever-increasing role in research of cardiac dysfunction.
London air pollution policies are starting to have impact, but more work to be done
New research by scientists at King's College London suggests that air pollution from London's roads is improving overall but more work may be needed to tackle some sources of traffic pollution, which continue to breach limits in many parts of the city.
Crop domestication is a balancing act
The ancestors of leaf-cutter ants swapped a hunter-gatherer lifestyle for a bucolic existence on small-scale subsistence farms.
New model could help improve prediction of outbreaks of Ebola and Lassa fever
Potential outbreaks of diseases such as Ebola and Lassa fever may be more accurately predicted thanks to a new mathematical model developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge.
'Ghost snake' discovered in Madagascar
Researchers discovered a new snake species in Madagascar and named it 'ghost snake' for its pale grey coloration and elusiveness.
One vent just isn't enough for some volcanoes
One vent just isn't enough for some volcanoes: the curious case of Mount Etna's wandering craters.
The Genesis Project: New life on exoplanets
Can life be brought to celestial bodies outside our solar system which are not permanently inhabitable?
DNA structure influences the function of transcription factors
Spatial arrangement of the binding site and neighboring segments modulates gene activity.
For first time, carbon nanotube transistors outperform silicon
For decades, scientists have tried to harness the unique properties of carbon nanotubes to create high-performance electronics that are faster or consume less power.
NASA's SDO witnesses a double eclipse
Early in the morning of Sept. 1, 2016, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, caught both Earth and the moon crossing in front of the sun.
Pitt chemical engineer receives NSF grant to study self-assembly of large-scale particles
'Fabricating the self-assembly of larger particles had been done a handful of times before we started trying it, but we've pushed the possibilities a lot further,' said McCarthy.
Researchers document first-ever evidence of white-tailed deer declines from CWD
Chronic wasting disease has caused significant declines in east-central Wyoming white-tailed deer populations, according to new research published this week by University of Wyoming scientists.
Study validates TGen-developed test for health care-acquired infections
A new study by the Translational Genomics Research Institute details the design and validation of a low-cost, rapid and highly accurate screening tool -- known as KlebSeq -- for potentially deadly health care-acquired infections (HAIs), such as Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Placenta in females, muscle mass in males: The dual heritage of a virus
It is known that genes inherited from ancient retroviruses are essential to the placenta in mammals, a finding to which scientists in the Laboratoire Physiologie et Pathologie Moleacuteculaires des Retrovirus Endogenes et Infectieux contributed.
Trauma patient deaths peak at 2 weeks
New research shows patients could be more likely to die two to three weeks after lower severity trauma.
Babies born with a low birth weight may be less active in later life
Individuals who are born with a low birth weight are less likely to be good at sports at school or participate in exercise later on in life.
A new technique opens up advanced solar cells
Using a novel spectroscopic technique, EPFL scientists have made a much-needed breakthrough in cutting-edge photovoltaics.
New knowledge about the building blocks of life
A study of an enzyme that helps build and repair DNA in living organisms increases our understanding of how these processes are controlled and how we can use this to combat infections.
NASA sees Typhoon Namtheun moving through Japan's Ryukyu Islands
NASA's Terra satellites provided a visible view of Typhoon Namtheun when it was moving through Japan's Ryukyu Islands.
Low-cost and defect-free graphene
Graphene is one of the most promising new materials. However, researchers across the globe are still looking for a way to produce defect-free graphene at low costs.
Large investment into brain research at Umeå University
Dr. Anna Rieckmann at Umeå University in Sweden has been awarded an ERC Starting Grant by the European Research Council.
NASA animation shows landfall and progression of Hurricane Hermine
NASA and NOAA satellites have been providing forecasters with a continual stream of data and images as Hermine strengthened into a hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico, made landfall in northern Florida's Gulf coast and moved into Georgia.
A strange thing happened in the stratosphere
High above Earth's tropics, a pattern of winds changed recently in a way that scientists had never seen in more than 60 years of consistent measurements.
Memory for future wearable electronics
Stretchable, flexible, reliable memory device inspired by the brain.
Hereditary diseases are the price of protection against infections
Balancing selection is responsible for helping us fend off pathogens, but also for the occurrence of mutations in our genome that predispose us to hereditary diseases.
Two MDC researchers win European Research Council grants
An ERC double for the MDC: Dr. Jan Philipp Junker and Dr.
EEG recordings prove learning foreign languages can sharpen our minds
Scientists say the more foreign languages we learn, the more effectively our brain reacts and processes the data accumulated in the course of learning.

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