Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 07, 2016
How fungi help trees tolerate drought
In the transcriptome -- the set of its messenger RNA molecules that reflects actual biochemical activity by the organism -- of the most common ectomycorrhizal fungus Cenococcum geophilum, a team including DOE JGI researchers found specific adaptations that could help their hosts be more resistant to drought stress, a finding that could be useful in developing more plant feedstocks for bioenergy amidst the changing climate.

One, two, many: Deciders often shift costs onto large groups without hesitation
Most people do not act solely in their own interests when distributing funds, but instead take into consideration the consequences for everyone involved.

Research points to new treatment strategy against Alzheimer's disease
New research suggests that Alzheimer's disease may trigger increased expression of an enzyme called lysozyme, which attempts to counteract amyloid build-up in the brain.

Crab from the Chinese pet market turns out to be a new species of a new genus
Shimmering carapaces make crabs attractive to pet owners. To answer the growing demand, fishermen collect and trade crustaceans, often not knowing what exactly they have handed over to their clients.

High variability suggests glycemic index is unreliable indicator of blood sugar response
The glycemic index value of a food can vary by 20 percent within an individual and 25 percent among individuals, according to the results of a controlled feeding trial in 63 healthy adults.

Has the Affordable Care Act accomplished its goals?
A new review of the published literature indicates that the Affordable Care Act has made significant progress in accomplishing two of its main goals -- decreasing the number of uninsured and improving access to care.

Medicare's new way of paying hospitals could cause a bundle of problems for some
Hospitals that take care of the oldest, sickest and most complicated patients could suffer financially under the Medicare system's new approach to paying for some types of care, a new study finds.

Posting personal experiences on social media may help you remember them in the future
A new study -- the first to look at social media's effect on memory -- suggests posting personal experiences on social media makes those events much easier to recall.

Computer simulation reveals p53 weak spots and opens new avenues against cancer
Using microsecond timescale molecular dynamics simulations, a new study published in Scientific Reports reveals p53 weak spots and sheds light on the protein instability, which is linked to its tendency to aggregate and form amyloid structures.

New research reveals hundreds of undiscovered black holes
Computer simulations of a spherical collection of stars known as 'NGC 6101' reveal that it contains hundreds of black holes, until now thought impossible.

Physical activity may offset some of alcohol's lethal harms
An international research collaboration, led by University of Sydney, has found that exercising at even basic recommended weekly physical activity levels (at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity) may offset some of the harmful effects of drinking alcohol.

Life history of the 360-million-year-old tetrapod Acanthostega rewrites the tetrapod move on land
In Nature, researchers from Uppsala University, Sweden, the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France, the University of Cambridge, UK shows that fossils of the 360 million-year-old tetrapod Acanthostega, one of the iconic transitional forms between fishes and land animals, are not adults but all juveniles.

RIT and Rochester Regional Health collaborate to improve breast cancer screening
Researchers at Rochester Institute of Technology and physicians at Rochester Regional Health are advancing thermal imaging techniques as a potentially safer and less invasive diagnostic tool for the detection of early-stage breast cancer.

Cord blood transplant associated with high survival rate in high-risk leukemia patients
Umbilical cord blood transplants may have advantages beyond offering an alternative stem cell source for leukemia patients without a traditional donor match, according to a study published today in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Hubble discovers rare fossil relic of early Milky Way
A fossilized remnant of the early Milky Way harboring stars of hugely different ages has been revealed by an international team of astronomers.

Probing a mosquito protein for clues in the fight against Zika
As health departments around the US boost efforts to combat Zika, scientists are working on new ways to kill the mosquitoes that carry the virus.

Computers in the jacket, in the glasses, and on the skin
Computers are important tools in everyday life, whether as PC or smartphone.

Americans are more politically independent, more polarized than ever
As of 2014, nearly half (46 percent) of adult Americans identified as political independents, including 59 percent of Millennials ages 18 to 29.

Six new groups of molecules could be the key to delaying aging
In a study recently published in Oncotarget, researchers from Concordia University and Idunn Technologies assess how six previously identified plant extracts can delay aging by affecting different signalling pathways that set the pace of growing old.

The Exascale Computing Project announces $39.8 million in first-round development awards
The Department of Energy's Exascale Computing Project (ECP) today announced its first round of funding with the selection of 15 application development proposals for full funding and seven proposals for seed funding, representing teams from 45 research and academic organizations.

A new way of taming ions can improve future health care
A group of researchers at Chalmers University of Technology has discovered a completely new way of using lasers to accelerate ion beams.

Antibacterial ingredients in indoor dust could contribute to antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria, known as 'superbugs,' pose a major public health threat.

Antimicrobial chemicals found with antibiotic-resistance genes in indoor dust
University of Oregon researchers have found links between the levels of antimicrobial chemicals and antibiotic-resistance genes in the dust of an aging building used for athletics and academics.

DOD grant explores new drugs to thwart impact of trauma, stroke, and cardiac arrest
A $2.3 million Department of Defense grant will help neuroscientists develop new treatments for the emergency room and the battlefield.

Prevention programs significantly reduce ankle injuries in soccer athletes
Prevention programs are effective at reducing the risk of ankle injuries by 40 percent in soccer players, according to a new study appearing in today's issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS).

CAR-T cell therapy makes strides in clinic *free*
In a phase 1 clinical study of 32 participants with advanced B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, immunotherapy with defined subsets of T cells, rather than whole T cell populations, showed strong antitumor activity.

Neutron crystallography aids in drug design
Knowledge of H-bonding networks, water molecule orientations and protonation states, along with details of hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions, can prove vital towards a better understanding of many biological processes, such as enzyme mechanisms and can help guide structure-based drug design.

Testing backlogged sexual assault kits prevents future rapes and saves victims millions
Testing backlogged sexual assault kits leads to the imprisonment of more rapists -- preventing future sexual assaults and saving would-be victims and communities millions of dollars, according to a new analysis by Case Western Reserve University.

Indiana Biosciences Research Institute scientist receives $750,000 JDRF grant
Indiana Biosciences Research Institute Scientist Receives $750,000 JDRF Career Development Award.

Flying the flag for an airship revolution
The rise of freight airships could go down like a lead balloon with traditional aircraft companies but could also represent a new high for Asian companies seeking to exploit new ways to reach world markets, according to research published in the International Journal of Aviation Management.

Mango and the microbiota: Potential role of this superfruit in maintaining gut health
Research published in the Journal of Nutrition has for the first time, documented the potential effects of mango consumption on gut microbiota of mice.

New tumor analysis method identifies high-risk prostate cancer
Scientists at Cedars-Sinai have developed a new way to identify which prostate cancer patients are likely to develop aggressive types of the disease even if their tumors at first appear to be lower risk.

Argonne-led projects among $39.8 million in first-round Exascale Computing Project awards
The Exascale Computing Project today announced its first round of funding with the selection of application development proposals, including three Argonne-led projects.

Corporate social responsibility can backfire if employees don't think it's genuine
A new study looks at what happens when a company's employees view its efforts related to corporate social responsibility as substantive (perceived to be other-serving and genuinely aimed at supporting the common good) or symbolic (perceived as self-serving and performed primarily for reputation and to enhance profits).

NASA sees a much weaker Tropical Storm Lester
NASA's Aqua satellite provided an infrared view of Tropical Storm Lester that showed a lack of thunderstorm development around its center of circulation.

Study examines risk, risk factors for depression after stroke
During the first three months after stroke, the risk for depression was eight times higher than in a reference population of people without stroke, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Researchers identify method of creating long-lasting memories
Imagine if playing a new video game or riding a rollercoaster could help you prepare for an exam or remember other critical information.

New protocols could significantly reduce postoperative setbacks in cardiac patients
MHIF recognized that the occurrence of POAF under traditional surgical protocols was not preventing or reducing the number of POAF patients.

Model maps out molecular roots of learning and memory formation
A team of researchers has built a mathematical model that describes the molecular events associated with the beginning stage of learning and memory formation in the human brain.

Seeing the forest for the trees: World's largest reforestation program overlooks wildlife
Princeton University-led research found that China's reforestation program, the world's largest, overwhelmingly leads to the planting of monoculture forests that fall short of restoring the biodiversity of native forests -- and can even harm existing wildlife.

Oppla, a virtual platform for operationalization of nature-based solutions
Oppla is a new knowledge marketplace; a place where the latest thinking on nature-based solutions is brought together from across Europe.

Fuel cell membrane patented by Sandia outperforms market
Industrial interest is expected in a vehicular fuel cell membrane able to excrete protons at the most effective temperature ranges, allowing electrons to form an unimpeded electric current.

Study finds increased ocean acidification due to human activities
Oceanographers from MIT and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution report that the northeast Pacific Ocean has absorbed an increasing amount of anthropogenic carbon dioxide over the last decade, at a rate that mirrors the increase of carbon dioxide emissions pumped into the atmosphere.

How to fight drug-resistant bacteria
This year, the US reported for the first time that a patient had been infected by bacteria resistant to colistin, an antibiotic of last resort.

More evidence that TV ads may influence kids' drinking
The more advertising kids see for particular brands of alcohol, the more they consume of those brands, according to a new study.

Expanding when it shouldn't: New material with exceptional negative compressibility
Our intuition tells us that a sample of material compressed uniformly from all sides should reduce its dimensions.

No consensus on how the microbiome affects tuberculosis, review finds
Inconsistencies across studies and sampling errors remain major barriers to understanding how the lung microbiome changes with tuberculosis, according to a review published today in Clinical Microbiology Reviews.

Risk to small children from family dog often underestimated
Dog bites suffered by young children are often inflicted by the family dog.

Oberg Industries partners with Pitt's Swanson School to advance additive manufacturing
To solve some of industry's most difficult additive manufacturing problems, Oberg Industries and the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering have partnered to combine Oberg expertise in manufacturing complex tooling and precision machined or stamped metal components with Pitt's ANSYS Additive Manufacturing Research Laboratory (AMRL).

Strong social support is related to shorter stay in inpatient rehab after hospitalization
A recent study from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston showed that patients with strong social support from family and friends spend less time in an inpatient rehabilitation facility.

Does recent isolation of Zika virus from Culex mosquitoes point to a new transmission source?
Researchers have identified Zika virus in mosquito species other than Aedes aegypti, which is largely responsible for the current outbreaks of Zika infection, raising concerns that different mosquito vectors may be capable of transmitting the virus.

Intestinal bacteria influence food allergies
Countless microorganisms live in the intestinal tract. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have been able to demonstrate that intestinal bacteria also play a role in determining the strength of anaphylactic reactions to food allergens.

LSU Health dentistry grant to help improve oral cancer survival
Dr. Kitrina Cordell, Associate Professor and Head of the Department of Diagnostic Sciences at LSU Health New Orleans School of Dentistry, has been awarded a grant by the Academy of General Dentistry to develop a school-wide program to teach patients about self oral cancer screening.

Combination therapy shows promise for chronic myeloid leukemia
A study in mice combining two inhibitor drugs for treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia has revealed potential for not only stopping the disease completely, but also significantly lowering the cost for treatment.

Stealth pig cells may hold the key to treating diabetes in humans
University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers are exploring ways to wrap pig tissue with a protective coating to ultimately fight diabetes in humans.

NASA sees 2 landfalls for Hurricane Newton in Mexico
NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites caught Hurricane Newton's two landfalls in Mexico.

This week from AGU Sept. 7, 2016
Extreme-weather winters becoming more common in US. The simultaneous occurrence of warm winters in the West and cold winters in the East has significantly increased in recent decades, according to new research published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres.

Clinical trials and emerging radiation oncology research to be featured at ASTRO Annual Meeting
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) announced today the press program for its 58th Annual Meeting, which includes multiple reports from phase III clinical trials, researchers from leading institutions in the US and abroad, and examinations of a range of cancer types and patient populations.

Why bones don't heal: Researchers identify risk factors for nonunion of fractures
Dr. Robert Zura, the Robert D'Ambrosia Professor and Head of Orthopaedic Surgery at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, was part of a research team that identified risk factors which may help orthopaedic surgeons better predict a serious complication of bone fractures.

HemaApp screens for anemia, blood conditions without needle sticks
UW engineers have developed HemaApp, which uses a smartphone camera and other light sources to estimate hemoglobin concentrations and screen for anemia without sticking patients with needles.

Dr. Richard Rosenfeld recommends shared decision-making in treating adult sinusitis
In an article in the New England Journal of Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center's Distinguished Professor and Chair of Otolaryngology Richard M.

Introducing diversity in online language analysis
For the past 30 years, computer science researchers have been teaching their machines to read standard English -- for example, by assigning back issues of the Wall Street Journal -- so computers can learn the English they need to run search engines like Google.

Migrating birds speed up in spring
It turns out being the early bird really does have its advantages.

Scientists work to turn up the heat of brown fat to combat obesity
Scientists are trying to turn up the heat-burning ability of brown fat with the long-term goal of combating obesity.

Early impact of the affordable care act on oral contraceptive cost sharing
In a new study, published in the September 2016 issue of Health Affairs, Brigham and Women's Hospital researchers examined how the Affordable Care Act mandate requiring most commercial insurance plans to cover Food and Drug Administration-approved contraceptive methods, without cost sharing (co-pays and deductibles), has impacted oral contraceptive use.

Faculty team awarded $1.25 million to study 'swimming cells'
They are the tiny motors present in many of the human body's most complex systems: cilia and flagella move liquids such as cerebrospinal fluid and mucus past the cell surface, and throughout the body.

How does your garden grow?
According to a new study, turning lawn into a vegetable garden can reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Extra physical education classes may benefit bone health in girls, study shows
A long-term study carried out in four Swedish schools evaluated whether extra physical education classes (200 minutes weekly as opposed to 60 minutes weekly) would have an impact on bone parameters in growing children.

WDCM released first Microbial Resource Development Report for China
The World Data Center for Microorganisms (WDCM) and Center for Microbial Resources and Big Data of the Institute of Microbiology of CAS (IMCAS) jointly released the '2016 Microbial Resource Development Report for China' on Sept.

Brilliant at any age: ONR researchers, robots and MIT
Three researchers sponsored by the Office of Naval Research are being recognized as outstanding innovators by the MIT Technology Review-which is published by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to show how the world is being dramatically shaped by new technology.

Humans may be uniquely identified by the proteins in their hair
Unique protein markers in hair could be used alongside DNA profiling for human identification, according to a study published Sept.

Lengthy ER visits for psychiatric patients often result in transfer, not treatment
A new study found that people who visit emergency rooms for mental health care were transferred to another facility at six times the rate of people who visit ERs for non-psychiatric conditions, and could wait almost two hours longer.

The whole of epigenetic regulation may be greater than the sum of its parts
Scientists may be closer to answering a long-standing question in biology -- how do the components of cells' molecular machinery work together to transmit vital gene regulatory information from one cell generation to the next?

Exercise can help keep medical costs down
Patients with heart disease who met weekly guidelines for moderate to vigorous exercise saved on average more than $2,500 in annual healthcare costs.

Do teachers' climate change beliefs influence students?
The strongest predictors of North Carolina middle school students' beliefs in human-caused climate change: a science teacher's belief that global warming is happening and the students' own climate change knowledge.

Link between weather and chronic pain is emerging through innovative smartphone research
Preliminary findings from a mass participation study have indicated a link between weather conditions -- specifically rain and lack of sunshine -- and chronic pain.

Computerized tissue image analysis reveals underlying genomics of ER+ breast cancer
The number of tubules in tumors may predict which women with estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer will benefit from hormone therapy alone and which require chemotherapy.

Science Policy Research Unit sets out to redefine innovation policy as it marks 50 years
A new international effort to develop and disseminate 'transformative innovation policy' around the world will be launched by the Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU) at the University of Sussex this week.

Ross River virus battle breakthrough
Research conducted by Griffith University and Melbourne-based company Paradigm Biopharmaceuticals Limited has uncovered a potential new therapeutic treatment for the global battle against mosquito-borne alphavirus infections, including the debilitating Ross River virus and chikungunya virus.

Maternal smoking could lead to an increased risk for Tourette syndrome and tic disorders
A study published in the September 2016 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry found an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and an increased risk for Tourette syndrome and other chronic tic disorders.

Tapping the unused potential of photosynthesis
Scientists from the University of Southampton have reengineered the fundamental process of photosynthesis to power useful chemical reactions that could be used to produce biofuels, pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals.

'Opening the patient's skull' after head injury reduces risk of death from brain swelling
Craniectomy -- a surgical procedure in which part of the skull is removed to relieve brain swelling -- significantly reduces the risk of death following traumatic brain injury, an international study led by the University of Cambridge has found.

NASA sees post-Tropical Storm Hermine south of Long Island, last advisory issued
NOAA's National Hurricane Center issued their final warning on Post-Tropical Cyclone Hermine yesterday, Sept.

Breakthrough in materials science: Kiel research team can bond metals with nearly all surfaces
How metals can be used depends particularly on the characteristics of their surfaces.

TGen-NAU study generates Soviet anthrax pathogen genome from autopsy specimens
A new study by the Translational Genomics Research Institute and Northern Arizona University used deep DNA sequencing methods to generate the anthrax genome sequence from the victims of the 1979 anthrax outbreak in Sverdlovsk, Russia, when it was part of the USSR.

Patients with advanced lymphoma in remission after T-cell therapy
In a paper published today in Science Translational Medicine, researchers from Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center shared data from an early-phase study of patients with advanced non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) who received JCAR014, a Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) T cell treatment, and chemotherapy.

Visualizing the universe
Computer scientists from the University of Utah will be working with researchers from New York University's Tandon School of Engineering and the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) to develop OpenSpace, an open-source 3-D software for visualizing NASA astrophysics, heliophysics, planetary science and Earth science missions for planetariums and other immersive environments.

National education reformers target local school boards
Local school board elections increasingly are becoming a national political battleground, as millions of dollars in campaign cash pours in from out-of-state donors in the name of education reform, indicates new research led by a Michigan State University scholar.

UAlberta mechanical engineering in hot pursuit of creeping bacteria
The growth of bacterial biofilm is problematic when you think of all the liquid flowing through all those miles of tubing at your local hospital or Medi-Centre.

Antidepressant bone loss could be prevented with beta-blockers
The antidepressant fluoxetine causes bone loss by instructing the brain to send out signals that increase bone breakdown, but a beta-blocker can intercept the signals, a new study in mice has found.

Brain peptide research may lead to promising new treatments for mental illnesses
Recent research points to the importance of a molecule called relaxin-3 in the brain, with effects on various processes and behaviors such as mood, stress, and cognition.

Medication against schizophrenia inhibits pancreatic cancer
Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, and from McGill University, Montreal, Canada, have discovered that a receptor for the dopamine neurotransmitter promotes growth and spread of pancreatic cancer.

September Health Affairs
One of the studies in the September issue of Health Affairs evaluates how much in-service training and supervision affect the quality of care for pregnant women and sick children in sub-Saharan Africa.

Smartphone hacks 3-D printer by measuring 'leaked' energy and acoustic waves
University at Buffalo researchers illustrate how smartphones, due to their ubiquity and sophisticated gadgetry, can easily hack 3-D printers by measuring 'leaked' energy and acoustic waves that emanate from the printers.

Superbugs under the microscope as international experts gather at Queen's University Belfast
Queen's University Belfast is proud to be hosting the joint INBIONET/Infect-ERA Conference over Sept.

Battle of the sexes? Not when negotiating with friends
A new Tel Aviv University study on women in the workplace finds women are as savvy and exacting as their male counterparts when negotiating with or on behalf of friends.

Tooth decay -- drilling down to the nanoscale
With one in two Australian children reported to have tooth decay in their permanent teeth by age 12, researchers from the University of Sydney believe they have identified some nanoscale elements that govern the behavior of our teeth.

Transgender youth are as likely to become pregnant as other adolescents
Sexually active transgender youth have pregnancy rates similar to their non-transgender peers -- dispelling the notion that trans youth are less at risk for pregnancy, according to new UBC research.

New service improves cloud storage usage on mobile devices
Zhang and a team of Binghamton University researchers designed and developed StoArranger, a service to intercept, coordinate and optimize requests made by mobile apps and cloud storage services.

Ginger and chili peppers could work together to lower cancer risk
For many people, there's nothing more satisfying than a hot, spicy meal.

Japanese research team elucidates structure of bacterial flagellar motor protein
Researchers led by Nagoya University used biochemical techniques and electron microscopy to uncover the structure of the bacterial MotA protein, which forms part of the propeller motor (flagellum).

Atomic scale pipes available on demand and by design
University of Manchester researchers have discovered how to create the smallest ever water and gas pipes that are only one atom in size.

Deadly scrub typhus bacteria confirmed in South America
Scrub typhus, a disease transmitted through 'chiggers' that kills at least 140,000 people a year in the Asia-Pacific region, may now be endemic in a part of South America, according to a study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Scientists identify genes that disrupt response to breast cancer treatment
In breakthrough research on breast cancer, a team at the University of Illinois discovered that higher levels of the nuclear transport gene XPO1 indicate when a patient is likely to be resistant to the popular drug tamoxifen.

Book of essays on medical miracles edited by CU Professor Emeritus
Twenty current and former faculty members of the University of Colorado School of Medicine are contributors to a newly published collection of essays.

Eribulin in liposarcoma: Added benefit not proven
Neither the results from a study of direct comparison nor from an indirect comparison were suitable for the assessment.

Atomoxetine improves critical reading skills in children with dyslexia
A new study shows significant improvement in critical components of reading, including decoding and vocabulary, among children treated with atomoxetine compared to placebo.

Surgery at high-quality hospitals costs Medicare less than at low-quality hospitals
Patients who had major surgery at high-quality hospitals in the US cost Medicare less than those who had surgery at low-quality hospitals according to a new study led by Harvard T.H.

JIC scientists create new training resource to break down barriers to wheat research
Scientists from Dr Cristobal Uauy's laboratory at the John Innes Centre have developed a new open access online wheat training hub to support researchers currently working on wheat or hoping to make the transition to work on this important crop.

Implementation of lean processes shows potential to reduce surgical wait times at VA hospitals
In a study published online by JAMA Surgery, Andrew C.

Humira provides effective, non-steroid alternative for eye inflammation
Patients suffering from noninfectious uveitis, a group of diseases that causes eye inflammation, can get effective treatment from a corticosteroid alternative that has previously been approved for treatment of arthritis and Crohn's disease, according to a study led by a Duke Health researcher.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the Sept. 7 issue
Check out these newsworthy studies from the Sept. 7, 2016, issue of JNeurosci.

Barbara Davis Center awarded grant for Autoimmunity Screening for Kids Program
The Barbara Davis Center for Diabetes at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus has been awarded a $1.2 million grant by the JDRF and The Leona M. and Harry B.

Summer learning programs can benefit low-income students, study finds
During long summers, children may forget many of the lessons they learned from the prior school year -- particularly low-income children who may have access to few enrichment activities.

College educated more likely to use e-cigs to quit cigarette smoking
Users of both electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and cigarettes may be more intent on quitting tobacco, but that intention seems to drop off among less educated smokers, according to a study by Georgia State University researchers published in the journal Addictive Behaviors.

Indiana Biosciences Research Institute scientist receives $750,000 JDRF grant
A researcher with the Indiana Biosciences Research Institute today received a 2016 Career Development Award from JDRF, the leading global organization funding type 1 diabetes research.

Epilepsy surgery found safe and cost-effective
Research has shown that surgery can provide important benefits for patients with epilepsy.

NYU biologist Ghedin to study Zika virus during infection under $1 million grant
New York University biologist Elodie Ghedin will study the host response to Zika virus infections under a $1 million grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

Northeastern partners with leading immunologist to uncover protein linked to cancer
In a recently funded project involving Boston Children's Hospital and Northeastern University, chemistry Professors John R.

Emotionally invested parents give children a leg up in life
Children with emotionally invested parents are more likely to be successful, a study published in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience shows.

Researchers find molecular link behind aspirin's protective powers
Researchers at Duke Health have identified a new mechanism of aspirin's action that appears to explain the drug's diverse benefits.

Infant circumcision can be safely performed in rural Africa
A new study indicates that early infant circumcision, which helps to prevent HIV transmission later in life, can be safely performed in rural Uganda.

Americans more politically polarized than ever; independents at an all time high
Using nationally representative surveys of 10 million US residents from 1970 to 2015, a new study shows that Americans are not only more politically polarized than ever but that more people are identifying as independent.

Who loses when car prices are negotiated?
New research shows older consumers -- especially older women -- pay more for new cars.

Picky ants maintain color polymorphism of bugs they work with
Hokkaido University researchers have found that ants have a particular preference for aphid colonies with certain colors, which could be why these bugs are able to keep their colors across generations.

New material to revolutionize water proofing
Scientists at The Australian National University (ANU) have developed a new spray-on material with a remarkable ability to repel water.

Astronomers discover rare fossil relic of early Milky Way
Using ESO's Very Large Telescope and other telescopes a fossilized remnant of the early Milky Way harboring stars of hugely different ages has been revealed by an international team of astronomers.

Historical coexistence with dingoes may explain bandicoot avoidance of domestic dogs
Domestic dogs and cats were introduced to Tasmania two centuries ago, but bandicoots still fail to recognize these introduced predators as threats, according a study published Sept.

Fruit flies yield clues on cancerous tumor hotspots
A Florida State University research team, in coordination with a team from Japan, has found that the epithelial tissues that line the surfaces of organs throughout the body intrinsically have hot spots for cancerous tumors.

One-tenth of the world's wilderness lost in 2 decades
A research team including Professor William Laurance from James Cook University has discovered there has been a catastrophic decline in global wilderness areas during the past 20 years.

The perfect car, according to science
What does the ideal car look like? University of California, Riverside professor Subramanian 'Bala' Balachander and his collaborators explored that question in a study that is forthcoming in the Journal of Marketing.

Communication and coordination of care are important for ensuring lupus patients' health
Results from a recent study suggest that improved communication and coordination of care between patients, physicians, and health insurers can provide important health benefits for patients with lupus.

Mount Sinai researchers pinpoint when cocaine-addicted individuals are most vulnerable to relapse
New research from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai using electroencephalography, or EEG, indicates that adults addicted to cocaine may be increasingly vulnerable to relapse from day two to one month of abstinence and most vulnerable between one and six months.

Future fisheries can expect $10 billion revenue loss due to climate change
Global fisheries stand to lose approximately $10 billion of their annual revenue by 2050 if climate change continues unchecked, and countries that are most dependent on fisheries for food will be the hardest hit, finds new University of British Columbia research.

Adverse drug reactions may be under-reported in young children
A new study reveals that adverse drug reactions in newborns and infants may be under-reported.

Bringing graphene speakers to the mobile market (video)
Graphene has been hailed as a wonder material since it was first made more than a decade ago.

Feeling they are part of a group increased preschoolers' interest, success in STEM
A new study by University of Washington researchers found that preschoolers were more engaged and did better on STEM-related tasks when they felt they were part of a group, versus doing the tasks on their own.

Earned income tax credit program is a boon for health
A new study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health reports that the Earned Income Tax Credit program is not only good for people's pocketbooks, but also for their health.

Aberrant epigenetic regulation behind the intestinal symptoms in celiac disease
Researchers at the University of Tampere discovered a regulation mechanism governing the intestinal homeostasis.

10 Cancer Moonshot Blue Ribbon Panel recommendations embraced by NCI
When 28 distinguished individuals convened earlier this year to help shape the scientific mission at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) of Vice President Joe Biden's National Cancer Moonshot Initiative, they were given five months to draft guidelines to accelerate cancer research, prevention and care.

Call time on costly drug to curb excess drinking, say dtb editors
The decision to green-light the drug nalmefene for curbing excess drinking among those who are alcohol dependent should be overturned, and the manufacturer compelled to provide solid evidence of its effectiveness, say the editors of the Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin (dtb) in an editorial in the latest issue.

Early-life language stimulation, skills may prevent childhood depression
Researchers found that children who experience low levels of language learning stimulation beginning at three years of age are more likely to experience language delays by first grade and are three times more likely to develop depression by third grade.

Overcrowding forces pheasants to cooperate in Hawaii
'Survival of the fittest' usually means that animals put their own needs first, but occasionally it pays to work together.

Sugar transforms a traditional Chinese medicine into a cruise missile
A chemical biologist and his colleagues at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine report that tests of triptolide in human cells and mice are vastly improved by the chemical attachment of glucose to the triptolide molecule.

New perovskite research discoveries may lead to solar cell, LED advances
'Promising' and 'remarkable' are two words US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory scientist Javier Vela uses to describe recent research results on organolead mixed-halide perovskites.

Experimental drug could stop melanoma, other cancers, research suggests
An experimental cancer drug works differently than intended and shows significant promise for stopping melanoma and possibly other forms of cancer.

Leopoldina Annual Assembly
The Annual Assembly will also see Freiburg sinologist Lena Henningsen receive the Leopoldina Early Career Award 2016, which is worth €30,000 and funded by the Commerzbank Foundation.

VIB team develops groundbreaking membrane analysis tool
To understand the complexity of cell membranes, scientists count on a panoply of technological tools that allow them to analyze microscopic images.

Novel nanoscale detection of real-time DNA amplification holds promise for diagnostics
Nagoya University-led researchers developed a novel label-free method of measuring DNA amplification in real time.

SLU researcher receives NIH grant to study effects of PTSD on cardiovascular health
A Saint Louis University researcher has received a grant to study the effects of treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on cardiovascular and metabolic health.

Is sufficient sleep the key to successful antidepressant response?
Antidepressants are necessary for many with major depressive disorder, but response times and remission rates are a problem.

13th century Maya codex, long shrouded in controversy, proves genuine
The Grolier Codex, an ancient document that is among the rarest books in the world, has been regarded with skepticism since it was reportedly unearthed by looters from a cave in Chiapas, Mexico, in the 1960s.

Vaccine trial aims to make flu season safer for heart patients
A network of researchers in the United States and Canada will try to spare thousands of patients the dangers of heart attacks and hospitalizations over the next five years in a trial of a high-dose flu vaccine.

UNC and Minnesota researchers earn NIH grant to explore infant brain development
Researchers at the University of North Carolina (UNC) and the University of Minnesota (UMN) have been awarded a $4 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to launch the Baby Connectome Project (BCP).

ORNL receives Exascale Computing Project awards to develop next-gen applications
The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has received funding from DOE's Exascale Computing Project to develop applications for future exascale systems that will be 50 to 100 times more powerful than today's fastest supercomputers.

Recommended weekly physical activity level may offset some of alcohol's lethal harms
Clocking up the recommended weekly amount of physical activity may offset the heightened risks of death from all causes and from cancer that are associated with drinking alcohol, concludes the first study of its kind published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Berkeley lab to lead two DOE exascale computing proposals, support four others
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Berkeley Lab will lead or play key roles in developing 11 critical research applications for next-generation supercomputers as part of DOE's Exascale Computing Project.

Novogene announces joint venture with AITbiotech to establish next-gen sequencing center in Singapore
Novogene Corporation Ltd, a leading global next-generation sequencing (NGS) services and genetics diagnostic company, announced today a joint venture with AITbiotech Pte Ltd, a Singapore-based NGS products and services company, to establish a high-throughput next-generation sequencing and R&D Centre in Singapore.

For arts nonprofits, attendance at events unlikely to influence donors
New research from the University of Missouri finds no evidence to support the idea that donors are influenced by performance measures such as high attendance numbers; in fact, large audience numbers may actually lead to fewer donations.

Team of robots learns to work together, without colliding
When you have too many robots together, they get so focused on not colliding with each other that they eventually just stop moving.

New research supports hep C treatment for people who use drugs
Global health experts are today are calling for the removal of restrictions preventing people who use drugs from accessing new hepatitis C cures.

Reconciling dwarf galaxies with dark matter
Dwarf galaxies are enigmas wrapped in riddles. Although they are the smallest galaxies, they represent some of the biggest mysteries about our universe.

Excess weight in women has different effects on different types of stroke
According to new research, women who are overweight or obese may have an increased risk of the most common kind of stroke, called ischemic stroke, but a decreased risk of a more often deadly stroke, called hemorrhagic stroke.

Calculating the role of lakes in global warming
Lakes bury more carbon than all the world's oceans combined. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to