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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | September 08, 2016


Reactive oxygen species switch immune cells from migratory to murderous
Neutrophils use ROS concentration to determine when to stop migrating and start killing.
Measuring forces in the DNA molecule
DNA, our genetic material, normally has the structure of a twisted rope ladder.
European region most skeptical in the world on vaccine safety
Public confidence in vaccines varies widely between countries and regions around the world, and the European region is the most skeptical about vaccine safety, according to the largest ever global survey of confidence in vaccines led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.
Training human antibodies to protect against HIV
During HIV infection, the virus mutates too rapidly for the immune system to combat, but some people produce antibodies that can recognize the virus even two years after infection.
Initiating DNA Repair
A research team has discovered a protein that may serve as a first responder that sets in motion a cascade of molecular activity to repair damaged DNA.
UC study looks at the influence of fat when gut bacteria is reduced by antibioticsm
A study led by University of Cincinnati (UC) lipid metabolism researchers lends additional insight into how bacteria in the gut, or lack thereof, influences intestinal mast cells (MMC) activation and perhaps fat absorption.
Mouse model points to potential drug target for increasing social interaction in autism
A study of a new mouse model identifies a drug target that has the potential to increase social interaction in individuals with some forms of autism spectrum disorder.
Three in 4 don't know obesity causes cancer
Three out of four (75 percent) people in the UK are unaware of the link between obesity and cancer, according to a new Cancer Research UK report published today.
Patient advocacy groups, industry and individuals join groundbreaking public-private partnership to continue advancing critical Alzheimer's disease research
The Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) announces that patient advocacy groups, private foundations, companies and individual donors have again united in the fight against Alzheimer's disease by donating more than $14 million to launch the third phase of the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI3).
Global DS Foundation funds research showing impact of trisomy 21 on interferon signaling
Renowned Crnic Institute scientist, Dr. Espinosa, has found the interferon response is constantly activated in people with Down syndrome causing the body to fight a viral infection when such infection doesn't exist.
Newly discovered infectious prion structure shines light on mad cow disease
Groundbreaking research from the University of Alberta has identified the structure of the infectious prion protein, the cause of 'mad cow disease' or BSE, chronic wasting disease in deer and elk and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans, which has long remained a mystery.
How do shark teeth bite? Reciprocating saw, glue provide answers
A recent University of Washington study sought to understand why shark teeth are shaped differently and what biological advantages various shapes have by testing their performance under realistic conditions.
IU and Regenstrief's OPTIMISTIC named one of 20 top geriatric studies of 21st century
The OPTIMISTIC study, an innovative program developed and implemented by clinician-researchers from the Indiana University Center for Aging Research and the Regenstrief Institute to prevent unnecessary hospitalizations of long stay nursing home residents, has been recognized by the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society as one of 20 articles published from 2000 to 2015 that have shaped the field of geriatrics.
Healthy Eating standards still not fully adopted among YMCA after-school programs
Healthy Eating standards represent a means of increasing fruit, vegetable, whole grain, and water intake among adolescents by providing healthy snacks in conjunction with education on healthy eating.
New Kuwaiti law on the collection of human DNA threatens scientific collaboration
The law requiring compulsory DNA testing of all Kuwaiti residents, as well as of all those visiting the country for whatever purpose, is a serious assault on the right to privacy of individuals, and is also likely to lead to the isolation of Kuwaiti scientific research and researchers, according to the European Society of Human Genetics.
Sensory cells of the balance organ can regenerate after injury
Research at Umeå University in Sweden shows that in the utricle -- which is one of the internal ear's balance organs in mammals -- epithelial cells can be regenerated, resulting in healthy sensory hair cells and surrounding supporting cells.
Study reveals how new experiences boost memory formation
Most people remember where they were when the twin towers collapsed in New York.
Study looks at how parents use newborn screening results
A study finds parents say they want to know everything that turns up in newborn screening tests, but then don't use the information or use it inappropriately.
NASA sees remnants of Tropical Cyclone Newton over Southwestern US
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the US Southwest and captured infrared data on the clouds associated with former Tropical Cyclone Newton.
Chemists devise revolutionary 3-D bone-scanning technique
Chemists from Trinity College Dublin have devised a scanning technique for bones that does not expose patients to X-ray radiation but provides exceptional 3-D images from which diagnoses and prognoses can be made.
Is Internet service reaching marginalized groups?
Politically excluded groups suffer from lower Internet access compared to groups in power, a new study reports.
How effective is a smartphone app in teaching sexual health to teen girls?
New research has been published that suggests that a smartphone application vs. traditional methods can potentially connect teenage girls to more information about sexual health.
New chip could bring highest level of encryption to any mobile device
Random number generators are crucial to the encryption that protects our privacy and security when engaging in digital transactions such as buying products online or withdrawing cash from an ATM.
A new pathogen in Africa causes anthrax-like disease in wild and domestic animals
A study published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases reports that a related bacillus with distinct genetic and biological characteristics causes anthrax-like disease in chimps, gorillas, elephants, and goats from four different African countries.
First-of-kind study suggests cover crop mixtures increase agroecosystem services
Planting a multi-species mixture of cover crops -- rather than a cover crop monoculture -- between cash crops, provides increased agroecosystem services, or multifunctionality, according to researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
JIC scientist awarded prestigious 5 year European Research Council starting grant
Dr Diane Saunders an early career scientist at the John Innes Centre (JIC) in partnership with the Earlham Institute has been awarded a prestigious European Research Council (ERC) starting grant to pursue her chosen area of research.
The evolution of antibiotic resistance, on a plate
Researchers have developed a large culturing device to track the evolution of bacteria as they mutate in the presence of antibiotics, revealing that, surprisingly, the fittest mutants were not those most likely to infiltrate higher antibiotic concentrations.
US should act to support innovation in increasingly clean electric power technologies
A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine urges Congress, federal and state agencies, and regulatory institutions to significantly increase their support for innovation for what the report's study committee calls 'increasingly clean' electric power technologies -- nuclear power, carbon capture and storage, and renewables such as solar and wind.
Yellow or black, large or small? Ant color and body size respond strongly to environment
A University of Liverpool study of ants across three continents has revealed that their color and size is strongly influenced by their environment, and that the dominant color and average body size can change from year to year as temperatures vary.
Feed a virus, starve a bacterial infection?
A new study puts some old folk wisdom to 'feed a cold and starve a fever' to the test.
Voracious Asian jumping worms strip forest floor and flood soil with nutrients
New research from the University of Wisconsin-Madison shows that Asian jumping worms, an invasive species first found in Wisconsin in 2013, may do their work too well, speeding up the exit of nutrients from the soil before plants can process them.
The Lancet: Major review to help doctors, patients and public make informed decisions about the use of statins
A major review of the available evidence on the safety and efficacy of statin therapy, published in The Lancet, intends to help doctors, patients and the public make informed decisions about the use of the drugs.
A microRNA signature for infantile hemangioma
In this issue of JCI Insight, Jonathan Perkins of University of Washington and colleagues analyzed infantile hemangioma tumor tissue, infantile hemangioma patient plasma, and non-infantile hemangioma vascular anomalies to identify a set of microRNAs that are specific for infantile hemangioma.
TSRI and IAVI researchers harness antibody evolution on the path to an AIDS vaccine
A series of new studies led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative describe a potential vaccination strategy to jump-start the selection and evolution of broadly effective antibodies to prevent HIV infection.
Common molecular mechanism of Parkinson's pathology discovered in Stanford study
Intracellular defects that lead to cells' failure to decommission faulty 'power packs' known as mitochondria cause nerve cells to die, triggering the symptoms of Parkinson's disease.
Life after Fitbit: Appealing to those who feel guilty vs. free
Is life better or worse after sticking your Fitbit in a drawer?
NIST and Navy tests suggest telecom networks could back up GPS time signals
The National Institute of Standards and Technology and the US Naval Observatory, which operate US civilian and military time standards, respectively, have worked with two companies -- Monroe, Louisiana-based CenturyLink, and Aliso Viejo, California-based Microsemi -- to identify a practical GPS backup possibility: commercial fiber-optic telecommunications networks.
New mouse model technology could speed the search for an AIDS vaccine
Researchers at Boston Children's Hospital have developed a technology to quickly generate mouse models for testing and tweaking potential HIV vaccines.
Avoiding 'traffic jam' creates impossibly bright 'lighthouse'
A supercomputer recreated a blinking impossibly bright 'monster pulsar.' The central energy source of enigmatic pulsating Ultra Luminous X-ray sources (ULX) could be a neutron star according to numerical simulations performed by a research group led by Tomohisa Kawashima at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan.
ERC Starting Grants: €485 million in grants to 325 top researchers across Europe
The European Research Council (ERC) has announced today the awarding of its Starting Grants to 325 early-career researchers throughout Europe.
European Research Council awards €1.5 million to arm cereals against pathogens and diseases
Announced today by the European Research Council, Dr. Ksenia Krasileva, Group Leader at the Earlham Institute and the Sainsbury Laboratory has been awarded a €1.5 million Starting Grant (over five years) to investigate the immune system of our most important crops.
Healthy ageing. Three days reality check.
The Eurosymposium on Healthy Ageing (EHA) www.eha-heales.org is an international event that provides a unique opportunity for researchers, government officials, biotech executives, entrepreneurs, and non-governmental institutions from around the world to meet, network, and forge new scientific collaborations.
Human hookworm infection exerts high health and economic burden
A study published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases suggests that the health and economic burden of hookworm infection is estimated to exceed those of a number of diseases receiving greater attention and investment.
Brain connections are more sophisticated than thought
Inhibitory connections between neurons act as the brain's brakes, preventing it from becoming overexcited.
UBC research could help local governments plan together
A new approach to modelling land use change developed at UBC could help cities and towns better coordinate their land-use planning efforts.
NTU Singapore documentary on earthquakes bags multiple international awards
A documentary by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) on its ground-breaking earthquake research in Nepal has bagged several top international film awards.
'Deeply unsettling' weight discrimination in the workplace highlighted
Women face weight-based prejudice in the workplace -- even when their body mass index is within the healthy range, research led by a University of Strathclyde academic has found.
Living together in mud: New bivalve species dwelling on a sea cucumber discovered in Japan
Most bivalves live in sand or mud or attached to rock surface.
Soils and landscapes of the Southwestern United States topic of symposium
Range of climate, soil forming factors and geologic history created arid southwest.
A cinematic approach to drug resistance
In a creative stroke inspired by Hollywood wizardry, scientists from Harvard Medical School and Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have designed a simple way to observe how bacteria move as they become impervious to drugs.
Nijmegen breakage syndrome: Molecular pathways that lead to microcephaly
Scientists from Jerusalem and Duesseldorf have succeeded in generating induced pluripotent stem cells from a rare disorder called Nijmegen breakage syndrome and to push these cells to become early neurons, revealing the mechanisms leading to the neurological phenotype observed in these patients.
Scientists find culprit responsible for calcified blood vessels in kidney disease
Scientists have implicated a type of stem cell in the calcification of blood vessels that is common in patients with chronic kidney disease.
Can some types of fat protect us from brain disease?
Having a little bit of extra fat may help reduce the risk of developing diseases caused by toxic protein aggregation, such as Huntington's, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's.
Curious travelers: Your pictures can help preserve world heritage
Archaeologists from the UK are calling on members of the public to help them preserve the legacy of some of the world's most important monuments and historic sites, including those most at risk in Syria and Libya.
New suicide prevention strategies for homosexual and transgender youth
Homosexual, bisexual, and transgender youth tend to have a higher risk for suicide-related thoughts and behaviors, but research on interventions to prevent suicide among sexual and gender minority (SGM) youth has been limited.
Paying do-gooders makes them less persuasive
People who receive a financial incentive to raise money for a charity they care about are actually less effective in soliciting donations, even when potential donors have no idea that incentives were involved, according to new findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Better chemistry through...chemistry
Award-winning UCSB professor Bruce Lipshutz is out to make organic chemistry better for the planet
Who owns the dead?
In a new book, Carnegie Mellon University's Jay D. Aronson details the reasons why a promise was made to identify all victims of the Sept.
Telemedicine is as effective as in-person visits for children with asthma
Sometimes children with asthma live hundreds of miles away from the nearest allergist and therefore may not be getting the best and most cost-effective care.
Flying beauties photoshoot: School kids in the Philippines learn what insects do for rice
Science advances society and fosters sustainability, so why not involve everyone in building a better future?
Diabetes: Risk factor air pollution
Exposure to air pollution at the place of residence increases the risk of developing insulin resistance as a pre-diabetic state of type 2 diabetes.
New strategy may help prevent kidney failure in patients with diabetes
A new strategy may help halt the progression of kidney disease in patients with diabetes.
Loyola study finds female triathletes at higher risk for pelvic floor disorders
A study led by Loyola Medicine researchers found that female triathletes are at higher risk for pelvic floor disorders, among other health issues.
AMP to recognize Eric Lander with 2016 Award for Excellence in Molecular Diagnostics
Eric Lander, Ph.D., has earned this year's Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP) Award for Excellence in Molecular Diagnostics for his countless contributions to the field.
Increasing stocking rate may not lead to greater nitrogen leaching on dairy farms
It has been commonly accepted that more cows per pasture would lead to increased nitrogen leaching because of increased nitrogen excretion via urine; but, a new study discovered circumstances where a decline in leaching occurred with increased stocking rate, challenging assumptions about how best to reduce the environmental footprint of grazing systems.
Academies announce winners of 2016 Communication Awards
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine announced today the recipients of the 2016 Communication Awards.
A tenth of the world's wilderness lost since the 1990s
Researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Sept.
The history of beer yeast
Today's industrial yeast strains are used to make beer, wine, bread, biofuels, and more, but their evolutionary history is not well studied.
Experts urge a defensive stance in efforts against antimicrobial resistance
In a Comment in Nature, CDDEP Director Ramanan Laxminarayan and other experts in antimicrobial resistance suggest that the United Nations should reframe global efforts against antimicrobial resistance by adopting a defensive stance.
Kymouse success in steps to developing HIV vaccine
Kymab, the Scripps Research Institute, and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative show that a novel approach using Kymouse, a modified mouse that mimics human antibody responses, and an immunogen of HIV-protein nanoparticles is an effective platform for discovering and testing possible HIV vaccines.
Study: A tenth of the world's wilderness lost since the 1990s
Researchers reporting in the journal Current Biology show catastrophic declines in wilderness areas around the world over the last 20 years.
The impact of extreme exercise on breathing in GB Olympic boxers and swimmers
Researchers from the School of Sport and Exercise Science (SSES) investigated elite British athletes from both swimming and boxing and their research suggests asthma related breathing problems should not be a barrier to sporting success, as long as they are well managed and controlled.
Male chemistry primes females for reproduction -- but at a cost
A research team led by a Northwestern University scientist has discovered that male animals, through their invisible chemical 'essence,' prime female animals for reproduction but with the unfortunate side effect of also hastening females' aging process.
New 'Trojan horse' antibody strategy shows promise against all Ebola viruses
In research published in Science, a team of scientists describe a new therapeutic strategy to target a hidden Achilles' heel shared by all known types of Ebola virus.
Marijuana use remains on the rise among US college students, but narcotic drug use declines
College student marijuana use continues its nearly decade-long increase, according to the most recent national Monitoring the Future study.
Containing our 'electromagnetic pollution'
Electromagnetic radiation is everywhere -- that's been the case since the beginning of the universe.
Hip fractures: Most elderly unlikely to fully recover
One in every two older persons who have suffered a hip fracture will never be as physically active and independent as they were before.
Down regulation of microRNA-155 may underlie age-related hypertension
In this issue of JCI Insight, researchers led by Iris Jaffe of Tufts Medical Center provide evidence that age-related reductions of a microRNA (miR-155) underlie age-associated hypertension.
Beer yeasts are dogs, wine yeasts are cats
People have been enjoying the ability of yeasts to produce beer and wine since the dawn of civilization.
Improved airway-targeted gene delivery in a pig model of cystic fibrosis
Two studies in this issue of JCI Insight report the development and use of viral vector-based delivery of CFTR in pig models of cystic fibrosis.
Prisons could unlock hep C-free future
Prisons provide one of the most significant opportunities to drive down the prevalence of hepatitis C, and help reach global WHO elimination goals, says new research presented at the 5th International Symposium on Hepatitis Care in Substance Users today.
New electrical stimulation therapy may improve hand function after stroke
New technique uses a glove on the unaffected hand to send electrical stimulation to nerves in the stroke-affected hand.
Giraffes more speciose than expected
Scientists from the Senckenberg and the Giraffe Conservation Foundation have analyzed the genetic relationships of all major populations of giraffe in the wild.
Unprecedented atmospheric behavior disrupts one of Earth's most regular climate cycles
A team of scientists has discovered an unexpected disruption in one of the most repeatable atmospheric patterns.
Researchers name a new species of reptile from 212 million years ago
An extinct reptile related to crocodiles that lived 212 million years ago in present day New Mexico has been named as a new species, Vivaron haydeni, in a paper published this week by Virginia Tech's Department of Geosciences researchers.
Bacteria supply their allies with munitions
Bacteria fight their competitors with molecular spear guns, the so-called Type VI secretion system.
The pleasures & perils of protein: Fruit fly study reveals new clues to appetite & aging
Why do we -- and the fruit flies that sometimes inhabit our kitchens -- seek out protein-full foods when we're running on empty?
Dammed if you do: Scientists recommend strategies to reduce environmental damage from dams
Though hydropower is renewable energy, construction and operation of dams harms ecosystem functions and services.
Employees of medical centers report high stress and negative health behaviors
Several national surveys have found that approximately 15 to 20 percent of adults in the US will report high levels of stress.
New vaccination strategies coach immune system to make HIV-neutralizing antibodies
New approaches that could spur the human body to produce HIV-blocking antibodies have been successful in mice mimicking the human immune system, according to five studies published today in the research journals Cell, Immunity and Science.
Rare and common genetic variants combine to cause skull-fusion disorder
Researchers have identified mutations responsible for a disorder that causes the premature fusion of the suture along the top of a baby's skull.
Tracing the path of pygmies' shared knowledge of medicinal plants
When members of the BaYaka Pygmies living in the northern Republic of Congo get sick, they don't just go to the doctor for a prescription.
Teenage weight gain down to dramatic drop in calories they burn
An acceleration in obesity among young teenagers could be explained by a 12-year-long study which found that the number of calories they burn while at rest drops suddenly in puberty.
Study shows how Chinese medicine kills cancer cells
Researchers at the University of Adelaide have shown how a complex mix of plant compounds derived from ancient clinical practice in China -- a Traditional Chinese Medicine -- works to kill cancer cells.
Carnegie Mellon algorithm detects online fraudsters
An algorithm developed at Carnegie Mellon University makes it easier to determine if someone has faked an Amazon or Yelp review or if a politician with a suspiciously large number of Twitter followers might have bought and paid for that popularity.
Researchers uncover new potential genetic links to common brain disorder
An international group of researchers has for the first time identified a set of 30 inherited recessive genes that play a role in intellectual disability, a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects as many as 213 million people around the world.
Linking perception to action
A neuroscientist maps brain cell activity that occurs during the delay between sensation and action.
Kill them with cuteness: The adorable thing bats do to catch prey
A Johns Hopkins University researcher noticed the bats he works with cocked their heads to the side, just like his pet pug.
Seeing energized light-active molecules proves quick work for Argonne scientists
To understand how molecules undergo light-driven chemical transformations, scientists need to be able to follow the atoms and electrons within the energized molecule as it gains and loses energy.
Diabetes drug focus of new clinical trial for Parkinson's disease
Type 2 diabetes and Parkinson's disease may not appear to have much in common but a look below the surface reveals important molecular similarities that provide a potential target for fighting Parkinson's.
Borderline personality disorder -- as scientific understanding increases, improved clinical management needed
Even as researchers gain new insights into the neurobiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD), there's a pressing need to improve diagnosis and management of this devastating psychiatric condition.
Can an integrative medicine approach help prevent medical errors?
Medical errors are the third leading cause of death in the US according to a published estimate, but many could be prevented with a shift in the medical industry from a production-driven to an integrative model of healthcare.
Rutgers researchers debunk 'five-second rule': Eating food off the floor isn't safe
Turns out bacteria may transfer to candy that has fallen on the floor no matter how fast you pick it up.
Newly deciphered structure suggests how infectious prions replicate
Infectious prions or PrPSc -- misfolded versions of the normal cellular prion protein PrPC -- convert their normal counterparts into copies of themselves and thereby cause fatal disease.
How the brain builds panoramic memory
MIT neuroscientists have identified two brain regions that are involved in creating panoramic memories.
Risk factors for congenital heart defects may lie both inside and outside the heart
Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a leading cause of birth defect-related deaths, but many of the critical genes involved are unknown, and those that are known often contribute only small increases in CHD risk.
A more accurate sensor for lead paint
A new molecular gel recipe developed at the University of Michigan is at the core of a prototype for a more accurate lead paint test.
Study finds earthquakes can trigger near-instantaneous aftershocks on different faults
According to a new study by scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego, a large earthquake on one fault can trigger large aftershocks on separate faults within just a few minutes.
Cancer cells metastasize by hitching a ride on platelets
In this issue of JCI Insight, Pierre Henri Mangin and colleagues at the Etablissement Français du Sang-Alsace have shown that a molecule expressed on platelets, known as α6β1 integrin, participates in tumor metastasis by promoting interactions between tumor cells and platelets.
Steroid treatment for IVF problems may do more harm than good
Researchers at the University of Adelaide are urging doctors and patients to refrain from using a specific steroid treatment to treat infertility in women unless clinically indicated, because of its links to miscarriage, preterm birth and birth defects.
Gladstone investigator receives $5.8M career grant
Gladstone senior investigator Katerina Akassoglou, PhD, was awarded a prestigious multi-year, multi-million dollar grant from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).
Induced climate change 'tug of war' keeps scientists guessing on storm tracks
The effects of man-made climate change can hamper scientific projections of how key global weather patterns will act in the future, a new study has revealed.
Social networks enable smart household appliances to make better recommendations
In his Ph.D. thesis, David Nuñez, a UPV/EHU computer engineer, has improved the tools for predicting the trust that a user will place in another in his/her social environment and has come up with a new algorithm that selects in less time the minimum set of users of a social network capable of influencing the maximum possible number of users of the network.
Teens are less likely to select sugary beverages that contain health warning labels
Teens are more than 15 percent less likely to say they would purchase soft drinks and other sugary drinks that include health warning labels, according to a new study.
NASA takes parting look at Hermine
Satellite imagery showed that Post-Tropical Cyclone Hermine was just a swirl of clouds with no rainfall off the coast of southeastern Massachusetts on Thursday, Sept.
US rules for targeted killing using drones need clarifying, RAND report asserts
Current US policies on using drones for targeted killing are characterized by ambiguities in interpretations of international law and too many generalities, despite recent efforts by the Obama administration to clarify the policies, a new RAND Corporation report finds.
Genetic analysis uncovers 4 species of giraffe, not just 1
Up until now, scientists had only recognized a single species of giraffe made up of several subspecies.
Linking RNA structure and function
MIT biologists have discovered how an enigmatic type of RNA helps to control cell fate.
Genome of the world's largest bony fish may explain fast growth rate and large size
The genome of the ocean sunfish, the world's largest bony fish, has been sequenced for the first time by researchers from China National Genebank at BGI-Shenzhen and A*STAR, Singapore.
Ants have dual navigation systems
Ants visually track the motion of objects as they move through their environment in order to determine the distance they have traveled, a new study reports.
Critical information needed in fight to save wildlife
An international group of 22 scientists is calling for a coordinated global effort to gather important species information that is urgently needed to improve predictions for the impact of climate change on future biodiversity.
Negative experiences on Facebook linked to increased depression risk in young adults
A unique new study of young adults finds that negative experiences on Facebook may increase the risk of depressive symptoms, suggesting that online social interactions have important consequences for mental health.
Tamoxifen resistance linked to high estrogen levels in utero
An animal study suggests that resistance to tamoxifen therapy in some estrogen receptor positive breast cancers may originate from in utero exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals.
Setting up a decoy network may help deflect a hacker's hits
Computer networks may never float like a butterfly, but Penn State information scientists suggest that creating nimble networks that can sense jabs from hackers could help deflect the stinging blows of those attacks.
10 new projects to be supported under Joint DOE user facility initiative
The US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute and the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory have accepted 10 projects submitted during the 2017 call for proposals for their joint 'Facilities Integrating Collaborations for User Science' (FICUS) initiative.
Fool me twice... A novel 'Trojan horse' antibody circumvents ebolavirus infections
Scientists have shown that a two-pronged antibody can counteract the unique immune-evasion mechanism that filoviruses like Ebola have evolved.
Study estimates numbers of people with Down syndrome in the US since 1950
A new study has estimated, for the first time, the numbers of people with Down syndrome in the US, from 1950 until 2010.
Pet therapy can combat homesickness
The expression dog is man's best friend might have more weight in the case of first-year university students suffering from homesickness, according to a new UBC study.
Book highlights differences in preterm births in America and other countries
Clinical and epidemiological data are combined with sociology and anthropology to better understand preterm birth in the United States compared to Canada, the United Kingdom and other Western European countries.
Sharing stories synchronizes group memories
People synchronize what they remember and what they forget after sharing memories with one another, according to Princeton University-led research.
After long-term follow-up, study looks at prognostic factors for breast cancer
A new study published online by JAMA Oncology is long-term analysis of prognostic factors among some patients with breast cancer who were treated with breast-conserving therapy in the EORTC 'boost no boost' trial, which evaluated the influence of a 'boost' dose in radiotherapy.
With MRI technique, brain scientists induce feelings about faces
In a new study, researchers report they were able to train unknowing volunteers to develop a mild but significant preference or dislike for faces that they had previously regarded neutrally.
New insights into tumor-infiltrating T cells
Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital have identified a distinct gene module for T cell dysfunction distinct from activation in tumor-infiltrating T cells, thus paving the way for the development of new precision therapeutics.
COPD exacerbations lead to lung function decline, particularly among those with mild COPD
Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, are associated with significant long-term lung function loss, according to research published online, ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
More underrepresented students obtain science degrees & pursue STEM, due to research mentoring
A new study in the Journal of Research in Science Teaching indicates that undergraduates who participate in mentored research not only graduate more often with science degrees, but also attend graduate school and pursue STEM careers at higher rates.
How hot is too hot for Earth-style life?
Mission seeks to answer key questions: How deep is Earth's habitable zone?
Risk factors for congenital heart defects may lie both inside and outside the heart
University of California, Irvine biologists Anne Calof and Arthur Lander and colleagues report that the role of genes in CHD is more complex than previously realized and that overall risk is determined by a combination of gene effects both inside and outside of the heart itself.
Forecasting climate change's effects on biodiversity hindered by lack of data
An international group of biologists is calling for data collection on a global scale to improve forecasts of how climate change affects animals and plants.

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