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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | September 13, 2016

Foam stops sloshing liquid
Clinking your glass of beer often leaves its contents sloshing back and forth.
Five ways to tackle the reproducibility crisis in biomedical research
In an op-ed published Sept. 13 in Cell Metabolism, Drucker, of the Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute at Mt.
New set of recommendations developed to improve quality of cost-effectiveness analyses
The Second Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine reviewed the current status of the field of cost-effectiveness analysis and developed a new set of recommendations, with major changes including the recommendation to perform analyses from 2 reference case perspectives and to provide an impact inventory to clarify included consequences, according to an article appearing in the Sept.
Tuning materials and devices to adapt to their environment
By leveraging molecular beam epitaxy deposition and high-quality materials with large dielectric constants, University of California, Santa Barbara researchers pursue future radio-frequency materials and devices capable of being 'tuned' to adapt to changing environments.
Molecules released by Klebsiella pneumoniae bacterium pave the way for invasive infection
It's been known that the bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae secretes small molecules called siderophores that enable it to acquire iron from a host and fuel its spread.
Clinton, Stein answer research consortium's science, engineering, technology, health and environmental questions
Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton and Green Party candidate Jill Stein have provided responses to America's Top 20 Presidential Science, Engineering, Technology, Health and Environmental Issues.
Therapeutic inhibition of RANK pathway reduces breast cancer recurrence
Researchers from IDIBELL have shown that pharmacological and genetic inhibition of RANK/RANKL signaling pathway leads to a significant reduction in recurrences and metastases in breast cancer in a mouse animal model.
Smoking may lead to heart failure by thickening the heart wall
Smokers without obvious signs of heart disease were more likely than nonsmokers and former smokers to have thickened heart walls and reduced heart pumping ability.
Graded aerobic treadmill testing in children & adolescents with sports-related concussion
Graded aerobic treadmill testing is safe, tolerable, and useful in evaluating and managing cases of sports-related concussion in children and adolescents.
The significance of seaweed
Seaweed and kelp have been found to remove tremendous amounts of carbon from the atmosphere.
Risk factors and clinical outcomes of infective endocarditis after transcatheter aortic valve replac
Among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement, younger age, male sex, history of diabetes mellitus, and moderate to severe residual aortic regurgitation were significantly associated with an increased risk of infective endocarditis, and patients who developed endocarditis had high rates of in-hospital mortality and 2-year mortality, according to a study appearing in the Sept.
Implementation of value-driven outcomes program associated with reduced costs, improved quality
Implementing an analytic tool that allocates clinical care costs and quality measures to individual patient encounters was associated with significant improvements in value of care for 3 designated outcomes -- total joint replacement, laboratory testing among medical inpatients, and sepsis management, according to a study appearing in the Sept.
Anti-tumor immunity identified with new ovarian cancer treatment strategy
New research from The Wistar Institute demonstrates how a drug already in clinical trials could be used to boost anti-tumor immunity and cause T-cells to target the cancer directly while minimizing side effects.
Ancient DNA traces extinct Caribbean 'Island Murderer' back to the dawn of mammals
From skeletal remains found among ancient owl pellets, a team of scientists has recovered the first ancient DNA of the extinct West Indian mammal Nesophontes, meaning 'island murder.' They traced its evolutionary history back to the dawn of mammals 70 million years ago.
Rap1, a potential new target to treat obesity
Scientists at Baylor College of Medicine, the National Institutes of Health and Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have discovered a new mechanism in the mouse brain that regulates obesity.
Belief about nicotine content in cigarette may change brain activity and craving
How the brain responds to nicotine depends on a smoker's belief about the nicotine content in a cigarette, according to new research from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas.
Scientists make embryos from non-egg cells
Scientists have shown for the first time that embryos can be made from non-egg cells, a discovery that challenges two centuries of received wisdom.
Study examines survival outcomes after different lung cancer staging methods
In a study appearing in the Sept. 13 issue of JAMA, Jouke T.

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