Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 03, 2016
Keeping your synapses sharp: How spermidine reverses age-related memory decline
The ability to form new memories ('learning') diminishes drastically for many with age.

UTSA astronomer receives grant to study the nature of distant galaxies
Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a $387,214 grant from the National Science Foundation to support his efforts to better understand the formation and nature of the center of nearby galaxies.

How baby's genes influence birth weight and later life disease
New research finds genetic differences that help to explain why some babies are born bigger or smaller than others.

Healthy rewards points can promote healthy foods in restaurants
From fast food chains to coffee shops, marketers use various promotional strategies to nudge selection of featured foods.

Avoiding hospitalization for certain low-risk acute medical conditions appears safe
A comprehensive review of studies evaluating strategies for treating certain acute medical conditions without hospital admission finds that all four evaluated strategies appear to be safe, often improve patient and caregiver satisfaction, and reduce health care costs.

Soil management may help stabilize maize yield in the face of climate change
Given that predicted climate changes are expected to affect maize yields, many researchers and companies are focusing on improving maize varieties to withstand more stressful environments.

Scientists discover mechanisms of shape-shifting sea cucumbers
Scientists from Queen Mary University of London have discovered for the first time how marine animals called sea cucumbers can rapidly change the stiffness of their body, which could provide a useful basis for developing novel biomaterials for applications in medicine.

Addition of EBT to brachytherapy does not produce superior PFS results
NRG Oncology researchers reported that adding external radiation therapy to standard brachytherapy did not improve progression-free survival for men with intermediate-risk prostate cancer.

Cost-benefit analysis of strategies against severely harmful giant hogweed in Germany
Invasive species, such as the giant hogweed, largely spread across Germany, are not only a primary driver of biodiversity loss.

Color-changing smart material sensor to alert user to get out of sun
A researcher at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering has developed a color-changing wearable that can notify users of their total ultraviolet radiation exposure.

Ice cores reveal a slow decline in atmospheric oxygen over the last 800,000 years
Princeton University researchers have compiled 30 years of data to construct the first ice core-based record of atmospheric oxygen concentrations spanning the past 800,000 years, according to a paper in the journal Science.

Washing clothes releases thousands of microplastic particles into environment, study shows
More than 700,000 microscopic fibers could be released into waste water during an average washing machine cycle, according to new research from Plymouth University.

A 'nano-golf course' to assemble precisely nanoparticules
EPFL researchers have developed a method to place and position hundreds of thousands of nanoparticles very precisely on a one centimeter square surface.

Magma build-up at active Japanese volcano poses threat to 'Naples of the Eastern World'
Magma build-up at active Japanese volcano poses threat to 'Naples of the Eastern World,' research shows.

Study finds that CPAP therapy reduces acid reflux in people with sleep apnea
A new study suggests that CPAP therapy may help improve the symptoms of nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

New research delimits the possible causes of celiac disease
The amount of gluten could be a more important clue than breast-feeding or the timing of the introduction of gluten for continued research into the causes of celiac disease (gluten intolerance).

Psychology plays a vital role in tackling diabetes
Individuals and families affected by diabetes must navigate a complex mix of medical, behavioral and social changes in which psychology plays an integral role, according to the flagship journal of the American Psychological Association.

Sylvester researchers identify receptor to slow breast cancer metastasis
In a research study published in the journal Oncogene, scientists from Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine showed that by therapeutically targeting the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) in breast cancer cells, they decreased tumor growth, reduced tumor angiogenesis and recruitment of inflammatory cells, and dramatically decreased metastasis to the lung and the liver.

Gone phishin': CyLab exposes how our ability to spot phishing emails is far from perfect
Each year, tens of millions of phishing emails make it to your inbox, uncaught by your email client's spam filter.

Mobile self-care apps for early identification & treatment of lymphedema
The development of TOLF was motivated by the request from breast cancer survivors in our prior research where nurse-patient-in-person delivery model was used and guided by the Model of Self-Care for Lymphedema Symptom Management based on our prior research in the figure above.

Environmental change drove diversity in Lake Malawi cichlids
Researchers show that periods of deep, clear water in Lake Malawi over the past 800,000 years coincide with bursts of species diversification.

How safe and effective are new drugs for stroke prevention?
For decades, warfarin was the only oral blood thinner available to reduce the risk of stroke for patients with atrial fibrillation.

Gut bacteria differ between obese and lean youth
Children and teenagers who are obese have different microorganisms living in the digestive tract than their lean counterparts, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

What's in a name? For young Chinese consumers, it's about culture mixing
Younger, more cosmopolitan Chinese consumers tend to favor brand translations that keep both the sound and the meaning of the original name, says U. of I. business professor and branding expert Carlos J.

Oxytocin enhances spirituality, new study says
Oxytocin has been dubbed the 'love hormone' for its role promoting social bonding, altruism and more.

Antibiotics developed in 1960s show promise for TB therapy
First generation cephalosporins -- antibiotics introduced as a treatment against bacterial infections in 1963 -- now show promise for tuberculosis therapy, according to new research published in Scientific Reports.

Constructing networks of organelle functional modules in arabidopsis
A gene functional module can be considered as a substructure of a biological network, i.e., a group of genes that are tightly related by one or many types of biological interactions such as gene co-expression or co-regulation, protein-protein interaction and functional association.

Inhibiting 1 protein restores treatment benefit in resistant breast cancer
A team of researchers has found, in animal models of human breast cancer, that inhibiting a single protein restores sensitivity to tamoxifen, a commonly used drug for treatment of some breast cancers.

Steven Sabbagh leads research on prediction and avoidance of KSTAR disruptions
An article describes a project to study prediction and avoidance of KSTAR plasma disruptions.

Farming with forests
In the race to feed a growing population, it is important to consider sustainability.

IDH and CIC mutations provide prognostic information for grade II and III gliomas
NRG Oncology investigators have identified two biomarkers that are prognostic of overall and progression-free survival for patients with lower-grade gliomas.

Pitt team receives $2.5 million in DOD funds for first retrievable vascular stent
Researchers at the UPMC Division of Vascular Surgery and University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering have been awarded a four-year, $2.5 million contract from the US Department of Defense for further development of a retrievable stent to treat noncompressible hemorrhages, a major cause of mortality among servicemen and women, as well as civilian gunshot victims.

Membrane fluidity influences sensitivity of ovarian cancer cell lines to auranofin
Increased fluidity in cell membranes could have a major impact on an ovarian cancer cell's sensitivity to treatment using the anti-rheumatic drug auranofin, research led by Plymouth University suggests.

New protein bridges chemical divide for 'seamless' bioelectronics devices
In a paper published Sept. 22 in Scientific Reports, engineers at the University of Washington unveiled peptides that could help harness biological rules to exchange information between the biochemistry of our bodies and the chemistry of our devices.

Antibody function may help keep tuberculosis infection under control
A study led by investigators from the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard finds evidence that antibody protection may help control infection with the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.

Scientists at the CNIO have deconstructed 1 of the myths of biological innovation
While the number of coding genes (those that produce proteins) in the human species has been consistently dwindling in recent years -- the figures have fallen to fewer than 20,000 -- it has been claimed that the dimension of the proteome, the element that executes the instructions in the genome, could be larger.

Historical records may underestimate global sea level rise
New research from scientists at University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Old Dominion University, and the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory shows that the longest and highest-quality records of historical ocean water levels may underestimate the amount of global average sea level rise that occurred during the 20th century.

Research on normative brain development in children could help doctors test for depression
A focus on brain development, particularly in early childhood, may eventually be the key to detecting psychiatric risk before the symptoms have the chance to progress.

Toys and 'enriched' surroundings help fight infection in mice
Mice that are given toys and placed in stimulating surroundings have healthier immune systems, according to a study by Queen Mary University of London.

Scientists illuminate a method for safer stem cell treatments
Because they can develop, or differentiate, into basically any tissue type, pluripotent stem cells could be the key to a host of regeneration therapies.

Experts: One size should not fit all when it comes to our out-of-pocket health care costs
Rather than charging all patients the same amount for every doctor visit and prescription drug, out-of-pocket costs should be based on how much a specific clinical service could improve a person's health, say two experts who have studied the impact of cost on hearth, and propose specific ways to change policies to achieve this.

London researchers shine light on skin cancer treatment volumes
London researchers are using a novel technique to more precisely define the extent of skin cancer.

Brain diseases manifest in the retina of the eye
Diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) may manifest as pathological changes in the retina of the eye.

Unique bacterial chemist in the war on potatoes
This enzyme is 'wacko' in many ways in its breakdown of a poison related to TNT.

Coastal wildlife more vulnerable to microplastics than expected
Coastal-dwelling marine wildlife, including crabs, lobsters and shellfish, which play a crucial role in the food chain, are more vulnerable to harmful plastic pollution than previously expected, a new study has found.

Are complex networks and systems more stable than simpler ones?
A large complex system or network that sustains multiple life forms -- such as the Great Barrier Reef off Australia's north coast -- would seem to be more likely to be stable to disturbances than a simple one.

Scattered marine cave biodiversity data to find home in new database WoRCS, Project Report
Considered 'biodiversity reservoirs,' most underwater caves are yet to be explored.

Diamond proves useful material for growing graphene
A team has developed a method to grow graphene that contains relatively few impurities, and costs less to make, in a shorter time and at lower temperatures compared to the processes widely used to make graphene today.

How to control polarization of light
A group of physicists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University and Toyohashi University of Technology (Japan) has developed a method of ultrafast control of the light's polarization.

Does having mixed ancestry help protect you from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)?
Could the key to unlocking the secret of motor neurone disease lie in the collaboration between two small island nations, Ireland and Cuba?

Cold and bubbly: The sensory qualities that best quench thirst
New research from the Monell Center finds that oral perceptions of coldness and carbonation help to reduce thirst.

'Open science' paves new pathway to develop malaria drugs
Malaria remains one of the world's leading causes of mortality in developing countries.

Mix and match microbes to make probiotics last
Scientists have tried to alter the human gut microbiota to improve health by introducing beneficial probiotic bacteria.

Certain alternative therapies may help patients with bowel disorders
A new review looks at the evidence behind the effectiveness of complementary or alternative therapies -- including probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, fiber, and herbal medicinal products -- for the treatment of bowel disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation, and ulcerative colitis.

Study identifies risk factors for physical decline among survivors of ARDS
A new study by a team of Johns Hopkins researchers found that most survivors of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) decline physically in the five years after hospital discharge, and those at higher levels of risk of decline are older and had greater medical problems prior to hospitalization for ARDS.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oct. 2016
Using the Titan supercomputer, an ORNL-led team is making progress towards automated data tools for cancer research to glean unprecedented view of the US cancer population; ORNL researchers have produced the next generation of the National Hydropower Map that provides updated statistics on overall capacity and performance on the nation's hydropower fleet; ORNL-developed Autotune building energy model calibration software beat the industry's energy efficiency standards while automating the equivalent of about 45 man-hours of calibration.

Grant supports UTSA professor's research on stronger rebar
Wassim Ghannoum, associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a $248,083 grant to support his top-tier research on the performance of an innovative new kind of high-strength reinforcing bars, commonly known as rebar.

NASA sees Chaba intensifying to a super typhoon
As Typhoon Chaba moved to the western Pacific Ocean south of Okinawa over the past few days wind speeds have increased.

'Culture of affluence' complicates women's help-seeking for domestic violence
Cultural values in affluent communities -- keeping problems private, materialism, perfectionism, limited access to the couple's wealth and quality legal representation -- discourage affluent women from leaving partners who abuse them.

Microbes help plants survive in severe drought
Plants can better tolerate drought and other stressors with the help of natural microbes, University of Washington research has found.

Bizarre new species of extinct reptile shows dinosaurs copied body, skull shapes
Iconic dinosaur shapes were present for at least a hundred million years on our planet in animals before those dinosaurs themselves actually appeared.

Intensity modulated pelvic radiation therapy reduces patient reported toxicities
NRG Oncology investigators report better patient-reported quality of life measures for women who received intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for their pelvic radiation therapy (RT) than those who received standard RT.

UTA enzyme research opens doors to developing new inhibitors for arthritis
Biologists at the University of Texas at Arlington have demonstrated that removing water molecules can deactivate caspase-3 enzymes, which opens new doors for treatment of autoimmune diseases like arthritis, which have been linked to overactive enzymes.

A review on the therapeutic antibodies for spinal cord injury
Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes long-lasting damage in the spinal cord that leads to paraparesis, paraplegia, quadriplegia and other lifetime disabilities.

University of Illinois researchers quantify drug delivery from nanoparticles inside a cell
For the first time, researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated that the success of delivery of drugs from nanoparticles can be quantified inside a cell.

Researchers investigate new strategy to block growth of colon cancer cells
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have discovered a possible strategy to treat colon cancers that are caused by the mutant KRAS gene, which is responsible for approximately half of all colon cancer cases.

Missing fish catch data? Not necessarily a problem, new study says
A new study by University of Washington scientists finds that in many cases, misreporting caught fish doesn't always translate to overfishing.

Blocking key gene reduces cigarette smoke toxicity in fish embryos
A Duke University-led study shows how exposure to the particulate matter from cigarette smoke may affect early development in zebrafish embryos and increases the risk of neurological disorders and physical deformities.

Survival of the fittest in materials discovery
Research led by Rein Ulijn has paved the way for the development of dynamically-evolving polymers that form spontaneously by adapting to their environment.

Transformational X-ray project takes a step forward
A proposed upgrade to the Advanced Light Source -- which would provide new views of materials and chemistry at the nanoscale with X-ray beams up to 1,000 times brighter than possible now -- has cleared the first step in a Department of Energy approval process.

Abnormal brain protein may contribute to Alzheimer's disease development
A recently recognized pathologic protein in the brain may play a larger role in the development of clinical Alzheimer's disease dementia than previously recognized, according to a study by researchers at Rush University Medical Center.

More than just a cue, intrinsic reward helps make exercise a habit
Anyone who has tried sticking to an exercise routine knows it isn't easy.

New technique for finding weakness in Earth's crust
Scientists have developed a method to estimate weakness in the Earth's outer layers which will help explain and predict volcanic activity and earthquakes.

Study on minimally invasive laser & 'mini' craniotomy for 'inoperable' brain tumors
A new paper in October issue of the journal Neurosurgical Focus finds the use of laser beneficial for the removal of large, 'inoperable' glioblastoma (GBM) and other types of brain tumors.

Rotman School leader appointed as a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health
A recognized leader in health policy and management at the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management has been named a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences.

Two new studies uncover key players responsible for learning and memory formation
One of the most fascinating properties of the mammalian brain is its capacity to change throughout life.

Researchers find stem cells in normal and Fuchs corneal endothelium
Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear have, for the first time, identified rapidly proliferating cells (known as 'neural crest-derived progenitor cells') in the corneal endothelium of specimens from normal corneas and from corneas with Fuchs' Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), a condition in which the cells responsible for keeping the cornea clear die prematurely -- often leading to blindness.

Researchers describe new large prehistoric shark
Megalolamna paradoxodon is the name of a new extinct shark described by an international research team who based their discovery on fossilized teeth up to 4.5 centimeters (1.8 inches) tall found from the eastern and western United States (California and North Carolina), Peru and Japan.

Future increase in plant photosynthesis revealed by seasonal carbon dioxide cycle
Doubling of the carbon dioxide concentration will cause global plant photosynthesis to increase by about one-third, according to a paper published in the journal Nature.

How the brain makes new memories while preserving the old
Columbia scientists have developed a new mathematical model that helps to explain how the human brain's biological complexity allows it to lay down new memories without wiping out old ones -- illustrating how the brain maintains the fidelity of memories for years, decades or even a lifetime.

Advancing lithium-air batteries with development of novel catalyst
Lithium-air batteries are viewed by many as a potential next-generation technology in energy storage.

Human stem cells treat spinal cord injury side effects in mice
People with spinal cord injuries suffer from many complications in addition to paralysis and numbness.

Study finds exercise treadmills significant cause of hand burns in children
A study published by Nationwide Children's Hospital researchers in the Journal of Burn Care and Research has found that pediatric treadmill burns are the second most common hand injury after stovetop burns, are more severe, and require greater and longer care in comparison to other contact hand burns.

Water vapor sets some oxides aflutter
A team of scientists has discovered a phenomenon that could have practical applications in solar cells, rechargeable battery electrodes, and water-splitting devices.

230-million-year-old Texas reptile had bizarre 'dinosaurian' features
A newly described species of extinct reptile that roamed in Texas more than 200 million years ago had a strikingly dome-shaped head, much like that of dinosaurs that lived 100 million years or so later.

Research provides new information on cancer and sugar-sweetened beverages link
A study conducted by researchers at LSU Health New Orleans suggests that age is an important factor in the association between cancer and sugar-sweetened beverages and recommends that intervention programs to reduce consumption of added sugar be focused on lower socioeconomic status, young males, as well as cervical cancer survivors.

IMRT associated with reduction in patient reported xerostomia
A pooled analysis of data from NRG Oncology studies RTOG 0129 and 0522 compared intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for patients treated for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Researchers probe secrets of bacterial immune system
Scientists from New Zealand's University of Otago and the Netherlands are continuing to unlock the secrets of a surprisingly flexible bacterial immune system, called CRISPR-Cas.

Thinking globally linked to optimism
Researchers have found that people who have a global mindset are more optimistic and set goals that encourage advancement and growth.

New microscope developed at MBL reveals nanoscale structural dynamics in live cells
Scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory and colleagues have unveiled a new microscope that can track the position and orientation of individual molecules in living cells -- nanoscale measurements that until now have posed a significant challenge.

Scientists take aging cardiac stem cells out of semiretirement to improve stem cell therapy
With age, the chromosomes of our cardiac stem cells compress as they move into a state of safe, semiretirement.

Many liver transplant candidates have deficits in physical activity that are missed by clinicians
A new study found that patients waiting for a liver transplant tend to be highly sedentary.

Chemical exposure linked to lower vitamin D levels
Exposure to bisphenol A and other endocrine-disrupting chemicals may reduce levels of vitamin D in the bloodstream, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Glutamate plays previously unknown role in neuromuscular development
In a new finding, University at Buffalo and Johns Hopkins researchers have shown in mice that glutamate plays a vital role in controlling how muscles and nerves are wired together during development.

Ocean fronts attract ocean wanderers -- foraging gannets on the front line
A study led by Plymouth University and the University of Exeter has shown for the first time that seabirds use ocean fronts as an efficient way of foraging.

Researcher creates a controlled rogue wave in realistic oceanic conditions
Potentially extremely dangerous realistic rogue waves can now be controlled and generated at will in laboratory environments, in similar conditions as they appear in the ocean.

Bullying likely to result in aggressive responses by children with disabilities
A new study from the University of Missouri has found that children with disabilities are more likely to respond aggressively when they are bullied, not only to their bullies but to other children as well.

Clinical trial tests spinal manipulation therapy for migraines
Manual-therapy randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are difficult to perform because it's challenging to conceal a placebo when patients are able to physically feel a treatment that's being delivered.

Early development reveals axolotl mysteries
Researchers from the Morgridge Institute for Research looked at 17 different development stages of the axolotl -- a remarkable model organism capable of complete limb regeneration -- and found a highly unusual series of bursts in changes in gene expression, followed by stable periods, that is unique in developmental biology.

Do it well and do it right: Business success requires top-notch service and ethics
New research from the University of Notre Dame shows that businesses must place equal importance on ethical adherence and quality service in order to be successful.

Seek and you shall find -- bees remain excellent searchers even when ill
Honeybees are hardwired to efficiently search the landscape enabling them to continue working for the greater good of their hives even when they are sick, according to new research.

Water vapor sets some oxides aflutter
A new oscillating crystalline perovskite material could provide a novel approach to generating fuel from sunlight, among other applications.

New research indicates key protein may directly impact development of colon cancer
Researchers have discovered a new role of a protein that, if manipulated, may help suppress colorectal cancer (CRC) growth.

New in the Hastings Center Report: 'Rhetorical reform' in precision medicine
'Rhetorical reform' in precision medicine, misunderstanding scientific breakthroughs, closing the gap in genetics education, and more are in the September-October 2016 issue.

Geologic imaging technique measures strength of Earth's outer shell
An advanced imaging technique used to map Earth's outer shell also can provide a measure of strength, finding weak spots and magma upwellings that could point to volcanic or earthquake activity, according to a new study by geologists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Adelaide in Australia.

Letters of recommendation may disadvantage young women scientists
Letters of recommendation -- critical to young scientists' chances of being hired for postdoctoral research positions -- may be disadvantaging women from the very start of their careers, and the professors writing those letters may not realize it, a new study suggests.

Floating DNA reveals urban shorelines support more animal life
Researchers are now able to capture the cells of animals, sequence their DNA and identify which species were present at a point in time.

Vast majority of impoverished fathers involved with their children
Many policymakers and elected officials, including President Barack Obama, have publicly criticized impoverished and African-American fathers for not being involved in the lives of their children.

Researchers take step toward understanding how multiple myeloma takes hold
Scientists are moving closer to understanding how multiple myeloma takes hold in bone marrow by identifying what they believe are the mechanisms used by cancer cells to take over.

Where you live shapes your immune system more than your genes
Although we all inherit a unique set of genes that help us respond to infections, recent studies have found that our history and environment -- like where and with whom we live -- are responsible for 60 to 80 percent of the differences between individual immune systems, while genetics account for the rest.

For women, caffeine could be ally in warding off dementia
Higher caffeine intake in women is associated with reduced odds of developing dementia or cognitive impairment, according to the results of a new study published in The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences.

Ancestor rice of Suriname Maroons traced back to its African origin
A team of researchers shows that Suriname black rice is similar to a specific type of black rice that derived from the fields of Mande-speaking farmers in Western Ivory Coast.

High up-front costs could delay access to life-saving blood cancer drugs for Medicare patients
Researchers from the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center and collaborators report that nearly a third of a group of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, and who have Medicare prescription drug insurance, did not start treatment within six months of diagnosis with any of three targeted drugs that have led to dramatic improvements in survival for the disease.

UA report: Few studies look at well-being of LGB youth of color
While research on lesbian, gay and bisexual youth has increased, studies often fail to explore the well-being of young people of color.

Bone marrow inflammation predicts leukemia risk
Cancer is generally thought to arise from genetic damage within individual cells, but recent evidence has suggested that abnormal signaling in the surrounding tissue also plays an important role.

Removing cellular bookmarks smooths the path to stem cells
In reading, a bookmark tells where you stopped. Cells use bookmarks too, specific proteins to help remember what collection of genes needs to be turned on again after cell division.

From Pokemon Go to birdwatching: UT scientist studies how we express our inner hunter
Interested in birding or wildlife photography? Enjoy playing Pokemon Go and catching imaginary creatures?

Massachusetts General-led team to investigate impact of airway microbiome on childhood asthma
A multi-institutional research team led by a Massachusetts General Hospital investigator is among the recipients of new National Institutes of Health grants through the Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes initiative.

Study: Vehicle mileage tax is best option for long-term highway funding
A study that forecasts state and federal fuel tax revenues based on different fuel taxation policies found adoption of a vehicle mileage tax would best meet highway construction needs in the long run.

Particular HPV strain linked to improved prognosis for throat cancer
In an analysis of survival data for a population of patients with a particular type of head and neck cancer, UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers confirmed that a particular strain of HPV, a virus linked to multiple cancers, resulted in better overall survival for patients with oropharyngeal cancer than patients with other strains of the virus.

'Green exercise' in England benefits health to the tune of £2.2 billion a year
Physical activity in natural environments, or 'green exercise,' is estimated to provide health benefits of £2.2 billion a year to the English adult population, according to new research published in the journal Preventive Medicine.

Nighttime hot flashes may spark mild depression
A woman's perception that she is experiencing a high number of nighttime hot flashes can trigger mild symptoms of depression during menopause, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Argonne ahead of the 'curve' in magnetic study
In a new study by researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, scientists noticed that magnetic skyrmions -- small electrically uncharged circular structures with a spiraling magnetic pattern -- do get deflected by an applied current, much like a curveball gets deflected by airflow.

Prions can pass on beneficial traits, Stanford study finds
Prion proteins, best known as the agents of deadly brain disorders like mad cow disease, can help yeast survive hard times and pass the advantageous traits down to their offspring, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

'Nano-kebab' fabric breaks down chemical warfare agents
Researchers have created a fabric material containing nanoscale fibers that are capable of degrading chemical warfare agents (CWAs).

Research reveals bonobos skillfully cracking nuts with stone hammers like chimpanzees
Research reveals bonobos skillfully cracking nuts with stone hammers like chimpanzees.

Statistics community to announce first recipient of the International Prize in Statistics
The first recipient of the International Prize in Statistics will be announced Oct.

New book from Rotman-UTP Publishing develops framework for successful leadership
In a new book from Rotman-UTP Publishing, 'The Thoughtful Leader, A Model of Integrative Leadership,' author Jim Fisher provides an invigorating, inclusive and positive framework for teaching current and aspiring leaders in all walks of life.

NYU Meyers receives $2.9 million from NSF to develop a holodeck instrument
The NYU Holodeck will be developed as a well-integrated software/hardware instrument incorporating visual, audio, and physical (haptics, objects, real-time fabrication) components, providing a compelling opportunity to explore and advance new types of science, permitting researchers from diverse disciplines to interact with theoretical models, real objects, robots, and agents, engendering insights that may not be possible using current 2-D and 3-D representations and analytic techniques.

Immediate dental implant placements using osteotome technique
Immediate implant placement using the osteotome technique is a gentle technique and offers several significant advantages over the traditional graded series of drills.

Foreign farms increase the risk of conflicts in Africa
For the first time, researchers point to areas in Africa where foreign agricultural companies' choice of crops and management of fresh water are partly responsible for the increased water shortages and greater competition for water.

Breakthrough in mapping nicotine addiction could help researchers improve treatment
A scientific blueprint to end tobacco cravings may be on the way after researchers crystallized a protein that holds answers to how nicotine addiction occurs in the brain.

Researcher creates a controlled rogue wave in realistic oceanic conditions
Potentially extremely dangerous realistic rogue waves can now be controlled and generated at will in laboratory environments, in similar conditions as they appear in the ocean.

Use of body-worn cameras sees complaints against police 'virtually vanish,' study finds
A year-long study of almost 2,000 officers across UK and US forces shows introduction of wearable cameras led to a 93 percent drop in complaints made against police by the public -- suggesting the cameras result in behavioral changes that 'cool down' potentially volatile encounters.

Mosquito-borne Rift Valley fever virus causes miscarriage
The mosquito-borne Rift Valley fever virus has been linked to miscarriage in humans.

Serious liver-related condition on the rise in the US
A new analysis reveals that cirrhosis and acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF, a deterioration of liver function in patients with cirrhosis that results in the failure of one or more organs) represent a substantial and increasing health and economic burden in the United States.

Physical activity may help preserve lung function in individuals with asthma
In a study of adults with asthma, active individuals had slightly less lung function decline than inactive individuals.

New imaging technique in Alzheimer's disease opens up possibilities for new drug development
Tau PET is a new and promising imaging method for Alzheimer's disease.

Dog poop microbiome predicts canine inflammatory bowel disease
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine discovered a pattern of microbes indicative of IBD in dogs.

Abstract submissions now open for aging conference
The call for abstracts opens Friday, Sept. 30, for the second annual Optimal Aging Conference, hosted by the University of Louisville Institute for Sustainable Health & Optimal Aging in partnership with the Kentucky Association for Gerontology.

A tour de (tiny) force
From the blood coursing through our veins to the fly landing on our arm, we sense forces both inside and outside of our bodies.

Computer simulations explore how Alzheimer's disease starts
Rice University researchers build simulations of amyloid beta proteins to see what their energy landscapes reveal about the formation of plaques in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

UA Engineering receives $1.07M diversity grant From NSF
The National Science Foundation Bridge to the Doctorate Program awards two-year fellowships to US students pursuing master's in STEM fields to help them go on for PhDs and diversify the US STEM workforce.

Climate change will see some males get sexier
A common marine crustacean has shown researchers that it's all set to beat climate change -- the males will get more attractive to the females, with a resulting population explosion.

HDAC inhibitors show promise against cancer stem cells
A group of researchers, led by scientists at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, has shown that histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have the potential to eliminate stubborn reservoirs of breast and ovarian cancer stem cells (CSCs).

How human genes affect the microbiome
Studies on human twins and experimental work with animals have both confirmed that our microbiome is partly hereditary.

NASA sees Hurricane Matthew producing dangerous rainfall
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core observatory satellite passed above major Hurricane Matthew and found very heavy rainfall that is expected to affect Hispaniola.

Trophy hunting of lions can conserve the species
Trophy hunters can play an important role in lion conservation, researchers from the University of Kent's Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology have shown.

Study: Using Big Data to monitor societal events shows promise
Northeastern University Professor David Lazer and his colleagues analyzed global-scale databases of news events and found them unreliable.

The spice of life: Cinnamon cools your stomach
Cinnamon cooled body temperatures by up to 2 degrees centigrade and improved overall health when tested on pigs.

New Hikari supercomputer starts solar HVDC
The Hikari supercomputer launched at the Texas Advanced Computing Center is the first in the US powered by solar HVDC.

Obesity genes probably didn't evolve to help us survive famine
Genes that helped our ancestors store fat in times of famine may have been useful, but whether they cursed future generations with a predisposition toward obesity is a little more controversial.

Shortened radiation therapy schedule effective in patients with low-risk prostate cancer
NRG Oncology investigators found delivering higher doses of radiation therapy over 13 fewer days than conventional therapy was safe, more convenient for patients, and was associated with lower costs and similar quality of life outcomes for patients with favorable-risk prostate cancer.

SBRT found safe for medically inoperable patients with NSCLC
This study tested the safety of using SBRT at different dose levels for patients with centrally located NSCLC.

200-million-year-old reptile had unusual, anteater-like forelimbs
A chameleon-like reptile that lived some 200 million years ago had an incredibly unique forelimb apparently adapted for digging, according to a report published in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Sept.

Unprecedented atmospheric behavior disrupts one of the earth's most regular climate cycles
A team of scientists has discovered an unexpected disruption in one of the most repeatable atmospheric patterns.

More than half of persons with Alzheimer's disease aged 90 years or more use psychotropic drugs
Psychotropic drug use is rather common among persons aged 90 years of more diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease compared with those who were diagnosed at younger age, concludes study conducted at University of Eastern Finland.

Why midshipman fish only hum at night
If you think that fish can't sing, then you've probably never come into contact with a midshipman fish.

Our galaxy's most-mysterious star is even stranger than astronomers thought
A star known by the unassuming name of KIC 8462852 (also called Tabby's star) has been raising eyebrows both in and outside of the scientific community for the past year.

Study reveals new earthquake hazard in Afghanistan-Pakistan border region
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science scientists have revealed alarming conclusions about the earthquake hazard in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border region.

Sheets like graphene: Tailored chemistry links nanoparticles in stable monolayers
Just like carbon atoms in sheets of graphene, nanoparticles can form stable layers with minimal thicknesses of the diameter of a single nanoparticle.

All polar bears across the Arctic face shorter sea ice season
A new University of Washington study finds a trend toward earlier Arctic sea ice melt in the spring and later ice growth in the fall across all 19 polar bear populations, which can negatively impact the feeding and breeding capabilities of the bears.

UA engineer gives doctors a better feel for laparoscopic surgery
With $1.9 million from the National Science Foundation, a University of Arizona-led team of engineers, surgeons and virtual reality experts is developing and pilot-testing a computer-assisted surgical training device that will teach medical students how to perform laparoscopic surgery better than any human trainer.

Cane toads make long-distance calls for love
James Cook University scientists have discovered yet another advantage for cane toads -- the ability to make mating calls that carry over a relatively long distance.

Assessing the intangible
Bioethics scholars at Johns Hopkins create a checklist to help assess respect and patient dignity in the ICU.

Umbilical cord antiseptic not effective in reducing infant deaths in Africa
Despite significant reductions in neonatal mortality previously reported in south Asia, applying a chlorhexidine wash to newborns' umbilical cords in sub-Saharan Africa did not reduce deaths, a study led by researchers from the Boston University School of Public Health shows.

Parents' age and the risk for autism and schizophrenia: Is the connection real?
A new study published in Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health indicates that parents who reproduce later in life are more likely to have children who develop autism disorders.

Meditation keeps emotional brain in check
Meditation can help tame your emotions even if you're not a mindful person, suggests a new study from Michigan State University.

A terrible rift
A billion years ago, the core of what was to become North America nearly ripped apart, creating a huge branched scar that extends from the tip of Lake Superior deep into the Midwest.

New treatment for depressed smokers trying to quit
Researchers pinpoint why depressed smokers have a harder time resisting relapses.

Stretches of repeating DNA tied to cancer progression and survival
Short, unstable DNA stretches, composed of repeated code, may play a greater role in the development and progression of cancer than once thought.

Respiratory tract bacterium uncovered as trigger for serious nervous system disease
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute life-threatening disease of the nervous system that leads to sensory disturbances and acute flaccid paralysis.

Yoga may be viable option for people with generalized anxiety disorder
Yoga could help reduce symptoms for people with Generalized Anxiety Disorder, according to a study published by Georgia State University researchers in the International Journal of Yoga Therapy.

NIST team suggests nanoscale electronic motion sensor as DNA sequencer
Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology and collaborators have proposed a design for the first DNA sequencer based on an electronic nanosensor that can detect tiny motions as small as a single atom.

Caltech neuroscientist receives Peter Gruss Young Investigator Award
The Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI) announces Dr.

Consumption from within: How the brain controls our appetite
Korean researchers show how our brain activates self-destruct mechanisms when it is low on energy to regulate appetite.

Turning to the brain to reboot computing
Computation is stuck in a rut. The integrated circuits that powered the past 50 years of technological revolution are reaching their physical limits.

Rice University lab explores cement's crystalline nature to boost concrete performance
Rice University scientists analyze the crystalline structure of calcium silicates used in cement to maximize the ability to fine-tune the material.

Deepwater Horizon oil spill caused widespread marsh erosion
Marsh erosion caused by the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill was widespread, a new study of 103 Gulf Coast sites reveals.

Experts recommend continuous glucose monitors for adults with type 1 diabetes
The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline recommending continuous glucose monitors as the gold standard of care for adults with Type 1 diabetes.

Prescription sleep aids carry a rare suicide risk, review finds
Prescription sleep aids appear to carry a rare risk of suicide, most typically when they cause the unexpected response of stimulating rather than quietening patients, researchers say.

Researchers discover more efficient way to split water, produce hydrogen
A team of researchers from the University of Houston and the California Institute of Technology has reported a more efficient catalyst to produce hydrogen from water, using molybdenum sulfoselenide particles on three-dimensional porous nickel diselenide foam to increase catalytic activity.

Researchers develop tool for measuring social entrepreneurship
The field of social entrepreneurship is expanding globally and is beginning to define itself.

Aging: Computer simulation finds dangerous molecule activity
All human organisms are attacked by free radicals -- they destroy our cells, and over time they contribute to us ageing.

First proof of a direct association between coronavirus and neurological disease
For the first time, researchers have found proof of a direct association between strain OC 43 of the human coronavirus and neurological disease in humans.

A simple antidote for shame
Researchers found that people who felt regret about their actions experienced emotions of shame and embarrassment, and this led to the sensation of physical warmth.

Preliminary Zika vaccines prevent neurological disorders in newborn mice
Two vaccines against Zika virus developed at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have successfully conveyed immunity from female mice to pups conceived weeks after the mother's vaccination.

IU study reveals rats have greater episodic memory than previously thought
A new study by Indiana University researchers published in the journal Current Biology Sept.

Big data analysis shows weak link between badgers and cattle for TB transmission
The largest simulation to date of the numbers of cattle and badgers infected with tuberculosis casts serious doubts about the extent to which badgers cause TB in cattle, according to research from Queen Mary University of London.

Portable biological factories create pharmaceuticals
Pellets made from freeze-dried molecular components make it possible to 'just add water' to create diverse compounds without the need for refrigeration.

Scientists track unexpected mechanisms of memory
Do you remember Simone Biles's epic gymnastics floor routine that earned her a fifth Olympic medal?

Fact-checking Senate campaign ads just got easier
If you live in one of the battleground states in this year's races for US Senate, you have probably been inundated with political ads, many of which talk about a candidate's willingness to toe the party line or vote across the aisle.

NJIT student creates service to connect patients with LGBTQ-friendly health care providers
NJIT biology student Liem Ho '17 was awarded a 2016 Provost Summer Research Fellowship to create a service that connects patients with LGBTQ-friendly health care providers in New Jersey.

America and Australia form new partnership in particle physics research
Fermilab, the USA's major high energy physics laboratory, CoEPP, Australia's primary center for particle physics research and the University of Melbourne have forged a new research partnership.

Teacher pension plans plagued by debt
Cory Koedel, associate professor of economics and public policy in the College of Arts and Science and the Truman School of Public Affairs at the University of Missouri, found that, on average, nearly 11 percent of current teacher earnings is required to pay for pension debt rather than benefits for current workers.

It takes a village: Researchers studying US tiny house villages' benefits, challenges
Kansas State University faculty Brandon Irwin, assistant professor of kinesiology, and Julia Day, assistant professor of interior design, are traveling the United States to study the new trend in housing: tiny houses.

Impact of cognitive functions on oral cancer therapies
The development of oral cancer drugs as a modality therapy over the last decade has highlighted the problem of non-adherence.

A new method for obtaining of high-precision optical rulers devised
Physicists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University have published an article in Nature Physics journal.

Health determined by social relationships at work
Recent research shows higher social identification with one's team or organization is associated with better health and lower stress.

Genomic imprinting gets complicated in adults
While two copies of genes -- one from each parent -- is usually a good thing, for about a hundred genes, one copy -- either the mother's or the father's copy -- is silenced, a process known as genomic imprinting.

Bacteria could detect leaks at carbon capture sites
Bacteria and archaea could be used to monitor stored carbon dioxide (CO2) and convert it into useful products, such as ethanol and acetate.

Veterans among first to get investigational cell therapy under $10m Dept. of Defense grant
Building on the results of a recent Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute study published just six months ago, the Department of Defense has awarded a $10 million grant to fund a cardiac cell therapy trial for patients diagnosed with a common but difficult-to-treat form of heart failure.

Review finds little evidence that brain-training games yield real-world benefits
A systematic review of the scientific studies cited by brain-training companies as evidence that their products improve cognition in daily life finds no convincing evidence to support those claims.

Economic opportunity may significantly impact physical and mental health in young adults
A team of researchers led by a Massachusetts General Hospital physician reports that economic opportunity is strongly associated with measures of physical and mental health in young adults.

Zika infects neural cells related to skull formation, affecting their function
Cranial neural crest cells -- which give rise to the bones and cartilage of the skull -- are vulnerable to Zika virus, report Stanford University School of Medicine researchers Sept.

Carbon emissions from logging debris in Africa may be vastly underestimated
Logged forests in Central Africa may contain more than three times as much carbon-emitting woody debris left on the forest floor after logging than past estimates have suggested.

Salt's secret success in ancient Chaco Canyon
Despite long-held assumptions, UC researchers find the diversity of salts in water and soil beneficial -- not harmful -- for cultivating maize in ancient New Mexico.

Researchers discover rare flu-thwarting mutation
Researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center have identified a rare, naturally occurring influenza mutation that weakens the virus and could be used to develop new live flu vaccines.

Dynamic duo: Biochemists describe cooperative halves of life-critical enzyme
A multi-institution team reconstructed the motion of nitrogenase and found each half worked in tandem to regulate electron movements.

Study explains how an intestinal microbe protects against other, more dangerous bacteria
Working in animal models, scientists have found that an enzyme produced by one microbe can shield the gut against attack from other, more harmful bacteria.

CHARA Array awarded $3.9 million to provide telescope access to scientists across the nation
Scientists at Georgia State University's Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy (CHARA) have been awarded a $3.9 million grant from the National Science Foundation to provide scientists greater access to the CHARA Array telescopes at the Mount Wilson Observatory in California.

Elimination of viral hepatitis by 2030: What's needed and how do we get there?
This first European Action Plan provides an important driver to aid countries in their fight against viral hepatitis, to which ECDC had the opportunity to contribute directly.

Multi-drug-resistant TB cure rates higher than expected
Cure rates for multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Europe have been estimated to be twice as high as previously thought, according to a research team at Queen Mary University of London.

Giant Thai insect reveals clues to human heart disease
A Florida State University professor used an electron microscope to capture the first three-dimensional image of a tiny filament, or strand, of an essential muscle that the palm-sized water bug Lethocerus indicus uses to fly.

Lord of the Rings: UC archaeologists unveil new findings from Greek warrior's tomb
A University of Cincinnati team's rare discovery of four gold rings in the tomb of a wealthy Bronze Age warrior undisturbed for 3,500 years prompts a new consideration of Greek history.

Researchers explore possibilities of growing plants on Mars
Even as the recent focus has been on how we will get to Mars, scientists at Florida Institute of Technology are working on what we will eat once we arrive.

Study yields new knowledge about materials for ultrasound and other applications
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and their research partners have used neutron scattering to discover the key to piezoelectric excellence in the newer materials, which are called relaxor-based ferroelectrics.

The mechanisms of diabetes induced bone fragility
A new IOF Working Group expert review looks at the mechanisms of diabetes-induced bone fragility and, among other things, at the medications that have a neutral or favourable effect on bone metabolism.

Neuroscientists receive grant from NIMH to develop state-of-the-art genome engineering technologies
The Center for Behavioral Neuroscience at Georgia State University has received a two-year, exploratory grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to develop transformative genome engineering research tools.

Pediatric workforce must address opioid crisis
In late August, the American Academy of Pediatrics called on providers who care for youth to offer the same treatments routinely offered to adults -- including medications like buprenorphine (commonly known by its brand name, Suboxone) -- to adolescents.

Hunger may be more motivating than thirst, anxiety, or fear
Hunger is a strong motivational force, with the capacity to curb rival drives states such as thirst, anxiety, fear of predators, and social needs, according to a study in mice published in Neuron.

Louisiana Tech set to launch 2016-17 New Frontiers in Biomedical Research series
Louisiana Tech University is preparing for the launch of the 2016-2017 edition of its highly-popular New Frontiers in Biomedical Research seminar series, featuring interdisciplinary collaborations and research discussions with some of the nation's most renowned scientists and speakers.

NIFA announces the availability of $17.7 million to train, educate farmers
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced the availability of $17.7 million in grant funding to help train and educate the next generation of agricultural producers through the Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to