Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 04, 2016
Functional inks bring additional information and entertainment to products
Traceable consumer products and entertaining solutions are about to become part of our everyday lives, particularly in food packaging or, say, textiles and household appliances.

Understanding how the 'blood-brain barrier' is breached in bacterial meningitis
Simon Fraser University researcher Lisa Craig is part of an international team that has uncovered new details about a microbe that invades the brain, sometimes with fatal results.

Strong at the coast, weak in the cities -- the German energy-transition patchwork
The energy transition in Germany is making progress. In 2015, hydropower, wind, sun and biomass provided about 35 percent of electricity.

Houston Methodist receives $9 million from NCI to study physics of cancer immunotherapy
The Houston Methodist Research Institute has been awarded a rare $9 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to establish a research center focused on the physics of cancer immunotherapy.

Advancing methodology at BESSY II: Automated evaluation speeds up the search for new active substance
The macromolecular crystallography beamlines at the BESSY II X-ray source are specially designed to highly automated structural analyses of protein crystals.

Scientists triple known types of viruses in world's oceans
The world's oceans teem with scientific mystery, unknowns that could prove to be tools that will one day protect the planet from global warming.

Handgrip strength provides a new window to health
A simple test of grip strength could provide a quick and inexpensive screening tool for health practitioners, according to a new study from IIASA population researchers.

Disease-causing gut bacteria common in children
A type of bacteria, which can cause diarrhea and inhibit growth in children in developing countries, has been found in 14 percent of a sample of children in an industrialized country.

Acclaimed health program fails to help children in India
An acclaimed initiative to use franchising business models combined with telemedicine to deliver better quality health care in rural India failed to improve care for childhood diarrhea and pneumonia, according to a large-scale study by researchers at Duke, Stanford, and University College London.

Join GSA in New Orleans for the nation's premier aging conference!
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) invites all journalists to attend its 2016 Annual Scientific Meeting -- the country's largest interdisciplinary conference in the field of aging -- from November 16 to 20 in New Orleans, Louisiana.

'Security fatigue' can cause computer users to feel hopeless and act recklessly
A new study from National Institute of Standards and Technology researchers found that a majority of the typical computer users they interviewed experienced security fatigue -- weariness or reluctance to deal with computer security -- that often leads users to risky computing behavior at work and in their personal lives.

NASA sees Hurricane Matthew making landfall in Haiti
Hurricane Matthew made landfall in western Haiti during the morning hours of Oct.

Warming temperatures can reduce marine diversity but increase freshwater species
In contrast to previous research, scientists have found that habitat warming can reduce the diversity of species in marine environments, but increase speciation in freshwater habitats.

How gut microbes help chemotherapy drugs
Two bacterial species that inhabit the human gut activate immune cells to boost the effectiveness of a commonly prescribed anticancer drug, researchers report Oct.

Using nature's own solvents for the preparation of pure lignin
Lignin can now be efficiently and cost-effectively separated from sawdust, by using eutectic solvents.

OU study links entrepreneurial optimism with business success
Widespread collective entrepreneurial optimism in the United States is highly predictive of the number of new venture startups and small business growth, according to a University of Oklahoma study.

New advances in solar cell technology
Bringing the dream of utilizing cost-effective renewable energy resources into reality: new, more effective solar cells can be make through novel perovskite research.

VTT's encryption method takes authentication to a new level
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed new kinds of encryption methods for improving the privacy protection of consumers to enable safer, more reliable and easier-to-use user authentication than current systems allow.

Should video monitors be used to detect night-time seizures in patients with epilepsy?
Following a sudden death at a residential care unit, the Dutch Health and Care Inspectorate advised to intensify the use of video monitoring at the unit.

Making medications safer for newborns
Although new drugs must be shown to be both safe and effective for approval by the Food and Drug Administration, sick newborns receive most of their drug treatment off-label and without the evidence provided for adults and older children.

A breakthrough in the study of how things break, bend and deform
Every material can bend and break. Through nearly a century's worth of research, scientists have had a pretty good understanding of how and why.

Accidental discoveries that went boom (video)
Chemistry typically involves precise measurements and careful testing in order to get significant results.

Potatoes and biochar are not friends
Studies have shown that adding biochar to soil can improve soil fertility, increase nutrient utilization in plants, improve soil water-holding capacity, increase crop yield and reduce emission of greenhouse gases.

Are red imported fire ants all bad?
Red imported fire ants have earned a justifiably bad rap across the south and most Texans would be hard put to name a single redeeming quality the ants have.

Meet a molecular architect: Hosea Nelson (video)
Speaking of Chemistry visits the University of California at Los Angeles to meet with Hosea Nelson, Ph.D., who is tackling the challenge of total synthesis -- the use of chemistry to build any molecule.

Infants use prefrontal cortex in learning
A group of 8-month-olds has provided evidence that, contrary to conventional wisdom, the prefrontal cortex contributes to learning during infancy.

Ocean conditions contributed to unprecedented 2015 toxic algal bloom
A new study is the first publication to connect the unprecedented West Coast toxic algal bloom of 2015 to the unusually warm ocean conditions -- nicknamed 'the blob' -- earlier that year.

Complex materials can self-organize into circuits, may form basis for multifunction chips
Researchers studying the behavior of nanoscale materials at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have uncovered remarkable behavior that could advance microprocessors beyond today's silicon-based chips.

Marshall University research team publishes study on cell signaling mechanism
Researchers at Marshall University, the University of Toledo and New York Medical College, continuing their investigative work into the recently discovered signaling function of the sodium-potassium pump, have identified an important application of this discovery that could potentially lead to new treatment options for patients with kidney disease.

Nanotechnology for energy materials: Electrodes like leaf veins
Nano-sized metallic wires are attracting increasing attention as conductive elements for manufacturing transparent electrodes, which are employed in solar cells and touch screen panels.

New technology helps pinpoint sources of water contamination
When the local water management agency closes your favorite beach due to unhealthy water quality, how reliable are the tests they base their decisions on?

NASA sees the closing eye of Typhoon Chaba
NASA satellite imagery showed that Typhoon Chaba's eye had closed as the storm weakened between Oct.

The effectiveness of activity trackers and rewards to encourage physical activity
Activity trackers such as Fitbit, Jawbone, Garmin and others have become increasingly popular.

Age-specific strategies are needed when caring for older individuals with HIV
A new article highlights the differences between older and younger adults living with HIV, and offers age-specific strategies on how to provide care.

Study shows majority of US students can now choose non-animal teaching methods
Sixty-three percent of students in US public schools cannot be forced to participate in archaic animal dissection, according to new data from PETA published in The American Biology Teacher, an award-winning, peer-reviewed science-education journal.

Astronomers capture best view ever of disintegrating comet
Astronomers have captured the sharpest, most detailed observations of a comet breaking apart 67 million miles from Earth, using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope.

New insights into how black carbon aerosols impact the atmospheric boundary layer
It is widely known that soot particles emitted from South Asia are spread across the northern Indian Ocean during the winter monsoon season.

ORNL licenses rare earth magnet recycling process to Momentum Technologies
The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Momentum Technologies have signed a non-exclusive licensing agreement for an ORNL process designed to recover rare earth magnets from used computer hard drives.

Top developmental science organization convenes to discuss how technology effects children
On Oct. 27-30, the Society for Research in Child Development will hold a Special Topic Meeting titled, 'Technology and Media in Children's Development.' Developmental researchers, media researchers, and professionals will come together for an intellectual and interdisciplinary exchange on media and technology and their impact on children.

TSRI scientists receive two new grants to explore 'click chemistry' applications
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have received a grant of nearly $1.9 million from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of General Medical Sciences and a grant of $640,000 from the National Science Foundation for two new projects that take advantage of

Gum disease genes identified by Columbia researchers
Researchers have identified 41 master regulator genes that may cause gum disease, also known as periodontal disease.

Clocking in results on high-speed penetration
In this unique compendium, 'World Scientific Handbook of Experimental Results on High Speed Penetration into Metals, Concrete and Soils,' the authors collected experiments on high-velocity penetration into various types of shields where high-speed penetration is accompanied mainly by local interaction of a striker with a shield and corresponds approximately to the range of impact velocities.

Breast density matters in detection of breast cancer
Almost 8 percent of women have extremely high breast density, which can make it harder for health professionals to detect breast cancer on a screening mammogram.

Rice University researchers say 2-D boron may be best for flexible electronics
Researchers at Rice, Northwestern and Argonne National Laboratory suggest two-dimensional boron may be suitable for flexible electronics.

Measurement helps craniofacial surgeons better evaluate children with skull deformity
A baby's skull is made of several plates of bone that fuse together over time to form a single structure.

Physician burnout: Mayo researchers identify effective interventions
After highlighting that more than half of American physicians are experiencing burnout, Mayo Clinic researchers now have identified some solutions that are being used to prevent or lessen burnout around the world.

Ben-Gurion U. study highlights gene that could lead to therapies for ALS
For the first time, this study reported that 'endogenous multifunctional protein macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF),' a gene that regulates cell inflammation and immunity, acts as a chaperone for misfolded SOD1 in a mouse model.

Are planets setting the sun's pace?
The sun's activity is determined by the sun's magnetic field.

Rising ocean temperatures impacting human health, new report finds
Rising sea surface temperatures are causing marine-related tropical diseases and harmful algal blooms to spread towards the poles, a shift that is impacting human health, according to a chapter from a new report by the International Union for Conservation of Nature authored by professors from the University of Texas at Austin and Plymouth University.

Protein linked to high risk of Alzheimer's can be removed from brain without hindering learning
A protein linked to higher risk of Alzheimer's can be removed from the brains of mice without hindering memory and learning, according to a study that addresses whether potential therapeutics targeting this protein would have detrimental side effects.

Stanford researchers show air bag bike helmets have promise
Drop tests from as high as two meters show air bag helmet may reduce impact by as much as six-fold compared to traditional bike helmets.

Large animals, such as the imperious African elephant, most vulnerable to impact of human expansion
Some of the most iconic giants of the animal kingdom, such as the imperious African elephant, are most vulnerable to the detrimental impact of human expansion, new research has shown.

'Goldilocks fires' can enhance biodiversity in Western forests
Mixed-severity fires -- not too hot, not too cold, but overall just right --- in the forests of California's Sierra Nevada can increase bird biodiversity over time, a study finds.

Tufts engineer honored with NIH New Innovator Award for research on gut microbiome
Nikhil U. Nair, Ph.D., of Tufts University School of Engineering, has been honored with the 2016 National Institutes of Health Director's New Innovator Award for his work on engineering naturally-occurring, safe, gut bacteria to treat inborn errors of metabolism, a relatively poorly studied family of debilitating genetic disorders that affect patients from birth.

New fault discovered in earthquake-prone Southern California region
A swarm of nearly 200 small earthquakes that shook Southern California residents in the Salton Sea area last week raised concerns they might trigger a larger earthquake on the southern San Andreas Fault.

PharmaMar and Boryung Pharm sign a licensing agreement for Aplidin® (plitidepsin) in Korea
PharmaMar (MSE:PHM) has announced today a licensing agreement with Boryung Pharm to commercialize the marine-derived anticancer drug Aplidin® (plitidepsin) in South Korea.

Study implicates glial cells in fragile X syndrome
Research on fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited cause of mental retardation, has focused mostly on how the genetic defect alters the functioning of neurons in the brain.

Book explores impact of 'Firing Line' on US conservatism
New book by MIT professor Heather Hendershot explores impact of William F.

UCLA chemists report new insights about properties of matter at the nanoscale
UCLA nanoscience researchers have determined that a fluid that behaves similarly to water in our day-to-day lives becomes as heavy as honey when trapped in a nanocage of a porous solid, offering new insights into how matter behaves in the nanoscale worl

First description and video of a rainbow boa preying on a vampire bat in a cave in Ecuador
While snakes are well-known enemies to bats, their preying on the winged mammals has hardly been recorded.

Extensive deep coral reefs in Hawaii harbor unique species and high coral cover
A team of sixteen researchers has completed a comprehensive investigation of deep coral-reef environments throughout the Hawaiian Archipelago.

Antibiotics may be inappropriate for uncomplicated diverticulitis
Antibiotics are advised in most guidelines on diverticulitis, which arises when one or more small pouches in the digestive tract become inflamed or infected.

Psychotherapy sessions are best in the morning when levels of helpful hormone are high
Psychotherapy sessions are best in the morning when levels of the hormone cortisol is high, suggests a new study from Southern Methodist University, Dallas.

Study solves 50-year-old puzzle tied to enigmatic, lone wolf waves
Solitary waves called solitons are one of nature's great curiosities: unlike other waves, these lone wolf waves keep their energy and shape as they travel, instead of dissipating or dispersing as most other waves do.

Scientists aim to slow fast growth of cancer cells
A University of Alberta study, published in the Journal of Cell Biology, identifies a previously unknown 'off-switch' for cancer, based on the protein TMX1, that can serve as a new strategy for personalized medicine.

26 jaguars killed in Panama so far this year
A combination of camera-trapping studies and interviews reveals that 26 jaguars have been killed this year in the tiny Republic of Panama.

Male mutations are driving evolution. How's that working out?
In a new study appearing in the journal Genome Biology and Evolution, Melissa Wilson Sayres and Pooja Narang of the Biodesign Institute examine a phenomenon known as male mutation bias.

Invasive insects cost the world billions per year
Ecologists have estimated that invasive (non-native) insects cost humanity tens of billions of dollars a year -- and are likely to increase under climate change and growing international trade.

Archaeogenetics reveals unknown migration in the South Pacific
Archaeogenetic analysis points towards settlers from Melanesia.

'Connectosomes' create gateway for improved chemo delivery, fewer side effects
Engineering researchers have developed a new method that delivers chemotherapy directly and efficiently to individual cells.

Researchers report invention of glucose-sensing contact lens
Blood testing is the standard option for checking glucose levels, but a new technology could allow non-invasive testing via a contact lens that samples glucose levels in tears.

Large volumes of data from ITER successfully transferred to Japan at unprecedented speeds
Repeated transfer of 1 Tera Byte (TB) data within 30 minutes, which are the conditions assumed in the initial experiments of ITER, from ITER in France to ITER Remote Experimentation Centre (REC) in Japan, was demonstrated in Aug.

'Atomic sandwiches' could make computers 100X greener
Researchers have engineered a material that could lead to a new generation of computing devices, packing in more computing power while consuming a fraction of the energy that today's electronics require.

Does patient-centered care in diabetes improve glycemic control and quality of life?
A new study has found that while patient-centered care (PCC) was associated with significant improvements in both physical and mental quality of life and some aspects of diabetes self-management, it did not have a significant effect on glycemic control.

Lowering systolic blood pressure to below 120 would save more than 100,000 lives per year
Intensive treatment to lower systolic (top number) blood pressure to below 120 would save more than 100,000 lives per year in the United States, according to a new study.

Study: Rare patients with sickle cell disease live nearly twice national average
A new report published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology, shows that some people with mildly symptomatic SCD may live long lives with proper management of the disease, including strong family support and strict adherence to medication and appointments.

Repeated exposure to community violence associated with violent behavior
As exposure to community violence increases for adolescent men of color, symptoms of depression subside and violent behaviors increase, according to new research published in the Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, a journal of the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.

Tropical Storm Nicole forms 500 miles from Puerto Rico
As Hurricane Matthew is thrashing Hispaniola and eastern Cuba Tropical Storm Nicole had formed about 500 miles northeast of Puerto Rico.

Study suggests a new tool for diagnosing post-concussion syndrome
Researchers at St. Michael's Hospital conducted a review that indicated diffusion tensor imaging may be an effective diagnostic tool for identifying and predicting the likelihood of an individual developing PCS following a mild traumatic brain injury.

A mobile device developed by VTT detects irregular heartbeats and helps to prevent cerebral infarctions
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a mobile app and thumb-size device that help to prevent cerebral infarctions at an early stage, during asymptomatic atrial fibrillation.

Artificial intelligence could help farmers diagnose crop diseases
A network of computers fed a large image dataset can learn to recognize specific plant diseases with a high degree of accuracy, potentially paving the way for field-based crop-disease identification using smartphones, according to a team of researchers at Penn State and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Kansas State University contributes to potential Zika virus vaccine development
A research team that includes scientists with Kansas State University's Biosecurity Research Institute has developed a promising Zika virus vaccine.

Problem-solving spreads both socially and culturally in bumblebees
Bumblebees can learn to pull strings via social and cultural transmission, according to a study publishing Oct.

Overlooked plants defy drought
Plants could be persuaded to raise the threshold at which they start to shut down.

Drone safety: User-centric control software improves pilot performance and safety
A new study into the safety of drone control interfaces suggests that an overhaul of remote control methods ranging from joysticks to smartphone apps could reduce the number of drone accidents.

New method, device aimed at controlling blood pressure levels automatically
Researchers at the University of Texas at Arlington are developing a new method and device for controlling blood pressure levels in cardiac care environments that use targeted electrical stimulation rather than drugs.

Study identifies a potential biomarker for pancreatic tumor grade
This month in the JCI, a team led by Richard Tomasini at INSERM analyzed the expression of proteins in PDA tumors to determine how cells in the tissue surrounding tumors contribute to tumor aggressiveness.

Fungi can lend a helping hand to potatoes
Water and phosphorous are limited resources, so agriculture needs to use them economically.

Novel 3-in-1 'Rheo-Raman' microscope enables interconnected studies of soft materials
An innovative three-in-one instrument that allows scientists to correlate the flowability of soft 'gooey' materials such as gels, molten polymers and biological fluids with their underlying microstructure and composition has been developed by scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Thermo Fisher Scientific.

Stimulating neurons could protect against brain damage, research shows
A breakthrough in understanding how brain damage spreads -- and how it could potentially be limited -- has been made through a collaboration between neuroscientists and engineers at the universities of Dundee and Strathclyde.

Global warming collapses symbiotic gut bacteria, killing host insects
A new study shows that when heat-susceptible bacteria living symbiotically in the guts of insects are exposed to increased temperatures, both the bacteria and the insect are negatively impacted and can die.

Starting drinking alcohol during puberty is associated with future psychological disorders
Alcohol consumption onset between 11 and 13 years old is associated with an increased risk of psychological disorders in the future, according to a study conducted by the Complutense University of Madrid.

Failed replication shows literary fiction doesn't boost social cognition
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, Pace University, Boston College and the University of Oklahoma concluded that brief exposure to literary fiction does not boost social skills, a finding contradictory to a previous high-profile study.

LSU Health Psychiatry awarded $3 million grant to build terrorism and disaster resilience
LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine's Department of Psychiatry has been competitively awarded a $3 million grant over five years by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration to build the Terrorism and Disaster Coalition for Child and Family Resilience.

More stable qubits in perfectly normal silicon
The power of future quantum computers stems from the use of qubits, or quantum bits.

Penetrable armor: Researchers create technique for opening insects' exoskeletons to study living cells
Insects are tough animals to study. One reason is their armor-like coating, called an exoskeleton, which protects their organs.

Networking is the way to go
Pesticides are one tool that farmers can use to control plant pests and protect agricultural crops.

Panel develops plan for preventing youth suicide
An independent panel convened by the National Institutes of Health has developed a 10-year roadmap for advancing research to prevent youth suicide.

Concussion can now be diagnosed with 95 percent specificity
A team of researchers from the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine has shown that the I-Portal Neuro Otologic Test, which uses the head-mounted goggle that gauged eye movement through video cameras and computers, can successfully diagnose concussion with 95 percent specificity and 89 percent sensitivity.

Discovery of an extragalactic hot molecular core
Astronomers have discovered a 'hot molecular core,' a cocoon of molecules surrounding a newborn massive star, for the first time outside our Galaxy.

Johnson announces £17.7 million for new Healthcare Technologies research
Four major research program grants, totaling £17.7 million, that will develop new technologies to address the health issues of an aging UK population were announced today by Jo Johnson MP, Universities and Science Minister.

Potatoes should not bake in the potato field
Warming of the Danish summer weather is not exactly good news for potato farmers.

New device enables rapid identification of brain cancer type and tumor margin
Researchers centered at Nagoya University developed a device for rapidly determining whether a brain sample is positive for a mutation commonly associated with glioma, a type of brain cancer with poor prognosis.

Research resolves a debate over 'killer electrons' in space
New findings by a UCLA-led international team of researchers answer a fundamental question about our space environment and will help scientists develop methods to protect valuable telecommunication and navigation satellites.

Antibody drug conjugates may help personalize radiotherapy for patients with cancer
Many types of cancer become drug resistant, making them difficult to treat.

In the belly of the Devil: New rare ant species found in the stomach of a poison frog
While new ant species are usually discovered in surveys involving researchers searching through leaf litter, it turns out that sifting through the stomach contents of insect-eating frogs might prove particularly effective, especially when it comes to rare species.

How fast will we need to adapt to climate change?
Using sea-level rise as a case study, researchers at Carnegie's Department of Global Ecology have developed a quantitative model that considers different rates of sea-level rise, with economic factors, and shows how consideration of rates of change affect optimal adaptation strategies.

The psychology behind climate change denial
In a new thesis in psychology, Kirsti Jylhä at Uppsala University has studied the psychology behind climate change denial.

Vaccine may help diseases in animals, people meet their match
Kansas State University researchers have patented a vaccine that provides effective, antibiotic-free prevention and treatment of Fusobacterium necrophorum infection, which affects animals and people.

Canine hyperactivity reflected in the blood count
Professor Hannes Lohi's research group from the University of Helsinki and the Folkhälsan Research Centre has studied the blood count of hyperactive and impulsive dogs, together with the LC-MS Metabolomics Centre of Biocentre Kuopio (University of Eastern Finland).

Omnidirectional mobile robot has just 2 moving parts
More than a decade ago, Carnegie Mellon University's Ralph Hollis invented the ballbot, an elegantly simple robot whose tall, thin body glides atop a sphere slightly smaller than a bowling ball.

Invasive insects: An underestimated cost to the world economy
Invasive insects cause at least 69 billion euros of damage per annum worldwide.

National Science Foundation supports Stony Creek Colors and Danforth Center collaboration
From seed to closet, transforming the fashion industry through plant science.

Chicken korma, Eton mess and a genetic variant provide clues to our food choices
People who carry variants in a particular gene have an increased preference for high fat food, but a decreased preference for sugary foods.

Developing brain regions in children hardest hit by sleep deprivation
A team of researchers from the University of Zurich has studied the effects of acute sleep deprivation in children for the first time.

New radar system could lead to better defenses against avalanches
A new radar-based imaging system with an unprecedented ability to penetrate snow-powder clouds could lead to greater avalanche protection for towns, buildings, roads and railways.

Conclusions on brain-machine interfaces for communication and rehabilitation
In the journal Nature Reviews Neurology the researcher Ander Ramos of Tecnalia together with Niel Birbaumer, lecturer at the University of Tübingen, have expounded how brain-machine interfaces use brain activity to control external devices, thus enabling seriously disabled patients to interact with the environment.

Future therapeutics: Drugs that stop free radicals at their source
Researchers at the Buck Institute have stopped free radicals from being produced at their source.

Simpler strategies to promote physical activity as good as social media feedback
Providing physically inactive adults access to online social networking about walking as well as personalized feedback did not add more benefit than just providing emailed tips, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

NIH grants MU $3 million to develop new hepatitis B treatments
Currently, treatment for hepatitis B infections is limited to one class of drugs that targets the virus.

UChicago Medicine, Ingalls Health System complete merger
The University of Chicago Medicine and Ingalls Health System have joined forces in an alliance that combines a top community hospital in Chicago's Southland with one of the country's leading academic medical institutions.

IBS group leader Bartosz A. Grzybowski, honored with 2016 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology
Chematica, a chemical calculator leads to optimized pathways for completely de novo and fully automated design of syntheses of complex targets, combining vast amounts of chemical knowledge and plan synthesis pathways toward both known and and previously-unexplored targets.

Penn scientists receive $24 million for mechanobiology center
The National Science Foundation has awarded the University of Pennsylvania a $24 million, five-year grant to establish a Science and Technology Center focused on engineering mechanobiology, or the way cells exert and are influenced by the physical forces in their environment.

A talk with a nurse can persuade hospital patients to quit smoking
A short talk with a knowledgeable nurse could be the difference between a smoker stopping for cigarettes or stopping for nicotine gum on her way home from the hospital.

Coral study reveals secrets of evolution
Brachyury gene is shown to be a key player in mesoderm evolution.

EARTH: Thirsty business -- How the tech industry is bracing for a water scarce future
Tech giants like Facebook, Google and Microsoft have started building data centers in seemingly out-of-the-way places for good reason: because the local climates can reduce the energy and water needs for the operations.

Understanding chromatin's cancer connection
New live-cell imaging technique allows Northwestern University researchers to study chromatin's dynamic processes, including its role in cancer and disease.

Revising the meaning of 'prion'
Prions are infamous for causing Creutzfeld-Jakob disease, fatal familial insomnia, and bovine spongiform encephalopathy, commonly known as mad cow's disease.

Make an October weight resolution
You probably weigh less this week than you'll weigh any week over the entire year!

Hawaiian deep coral reefs home to unique species and extensive coral cover
NOAA-supported scientists working in the Hawaiian Archipelago are calling some of the deep coral reefs found in the region's so-called oceanic 'twilight zone' the most extensive on record, with several large areas of 100 percent coral cover.

An ADHD diagnosis puts girls at much higher risk for other mental health problems
Girls with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder are at higher risk than girls without ADHD for multiple mental disorders that often lead to cascading problems such as abusive relationships, teenage pregnancies, poor grades and drug abuse, UCLA psychologists report in the journal Pediatrics.

New mechanisms uncovered explaining frost tolerance in plants
Plants cannot simply relocate to better surroundings when their environmental conditions are no longer suitable.

Health professionals must lead on fighting climate change
Health professionals must act together to urge drastic reductions in carbon dioxide and short lived climate pollutants -- the main contributors to climate change -- argue leading experts in The BMJ this week.

Studies address improving care for Chinese American immigrants with depression
Two recent studies led by Massachusetts General Hospital psychiatrists have investigated ways of improving the treatment of depression in Chinese American immigrants, a group that tends to avoid mental health treatment because of traditional cultural beliefs.

Gene found that raises risk of childhood ear infections
Researchers have discovered a gene region that raises the risk a child will have a middle ear infection, known to doctors as acute otitis media -- and known to parents as one reason for a screaming, unhappy preschooler.

Study reveals the protein structure of the human apoptosome
Programmed cell death, or apoptosis, plays a central role in the maintenance of human health by providing a line of defense against unrestricted cell growth that occurs in many cancers and AIDS as well as in neurodegenerative diseases and stroke.

The science behind PMS: What causes it and why (video)
Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, affects the majority of women to some degree.

Desert, city overlap explored in Phoenix
Th conference tour tells the story of desert resilience.

Can you zap your brain back to health?
A growing number of people who suffer from chronic pain, epilepsy and drug cravings are zapping their skulls in the hopes that a weak electric current will jolt them back to health.

Louisiana Tech University professor develops new mechanism for strengthening materials
Dr. Kasra Momeni, assistant professor of mechanical engineering and director of the Advanced Hierarchical Materials by Design Lab at Louisiana Tech University, has discovered a new mechanism for strengthening nanomaterials and tailoring their properties to build superior structures.

GreenWood Resources licenses ORNL invention to boost biofuel yield
GreenWood Resources has licensed an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technology based on the discovery of a gene in poplar (Populus trichocarpa) that makes it easier to convert poplar trees into biofuels.

Extending cervical screening beyond 5 years for some women is safe
Extending the cervical cancer screening interval beyond five years for women aged 40 and older who test negative for human papilloma virus (HPV) is safe, say researchers from the Netherlands in The BMJ this week.

Queens, sex and colony collapse
The disease deformed wing virus in bees can be transmitted when the bees mate, leading to colony collapse.

Do older people take fewer risks?
Studies by the University of Basel have shown that whether and how risk-taking propensity varies over a person's life span depends in part on how risk taking is measured.

New research calls into question merits of ice baths for athlete recovery
Sports stars from Andy Murray to Mo Farah and Jessica Ennis-Hill rely on ice baths after competing -- however new research suggests they should re-think their recovery plan.

Using nanotechnology to target inoperable tumors from the inside out
A University of Texas at Arlington professor in the Materials Science and Engineering Department is working on research through a National Institutes of Health grant that would create better nanotechnology to treat inoperable cancer tumors.

Community-level resources may affect residents' mental health following a natural disaster
In a study on the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, residents of communities with high unemployment were at elevated risk of disaster-related post-traumatic stress, but only when individuals were assessed 25-28 months post-disaster and not when they were assessed 13-16 months post-disaster.

All work and no play with children make moms less happy parents
A team of researchers studying the parenting experiences of US couples finds that mothers are less happy with parenting than fathers.

Increase in antibiotic-resistant bacteria hinders treatment of kidney infections
The increase in illnesses and deaths linked to medication-resistant bacteria has been well-documented by researchers and received extensive public attention in recent years.

UW Professor Emeritus David Thouless wins Nobel Prize for exploring exotic states of matter
David James Thouless, professor emeritus at the University of Washington, will share the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics with Professor F.

PolyU holds public lecture by Lui Che Woo Prize Laureate
The Lui Che Woo Prize -- Prize for World Civilization Laureate Professor Yuan Longping, widely known as 'Father of the Hybrid Rice,' delivered a public lecture to a full house at Hotel ICON, The Hong Kong Polytechnic Universit, today.

Public holds polarized views about climate change and trust in climate scientists
There are gaping divisions in Americans' views across every dimension of the climate debate, including causes and cures for climate change and trust in climate scientists and their research, according to a new Pew Research Center survey.

Culex mosquitoes do not transmit Zika virus, Kansas State University study finds
A Kansas State University study at the Biosecurity Research Institute has found important results in the fight against Zika virus: Culex mosquitoes do not appear to transmit Zika virus.

Professor awarded NSF grant to identify best practices for K-12 computing education
Researchers from Rochester Institute of Technology and Bradley University are finding the best ways to get diverse pre-college students interested in computing as a career.

NASA's Hubble spots possible water plumes erupting on Jupiter's moon Europa
Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have imaged what may be water vapor plumes erupting off the surface of Jupiter's moon Europa.

Direct utilization of elemental sulfur for microporous polymer synthesis
A research team led by Professor Ali Coskun from the Graduate School of EEWS (Energy, Environment, Water and Sustainability) at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology has recently introduced a new approach to resolving this problem by employing elemental sulfur directly in the synthesis of microporous polymers for the process of natural-gas sweetening.

Soil microbes flourish with reduced tillage
Microbes improve soil quality by cycling nutrients and breaking plant residues down into soil organic matter.

Junior doctors' contract should be scrapped, argues leading doctor
The junior doctors' contract 'should be discarded and replaced with one drawn on a clean sheet,' argues Neena Modi, Professor of neonatal medicine and president of the UK Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health.

UCLA leading a $13.9M effort to treat older adults with persistent depression
UCLA and four other institutions have been awarded a $13.9 million grant to evaluate treatment strategies for older adults with depression who have not responded to medications.

Clever fish keep cool
Ocean warming is occurring at such a rapid rate that fish are searching for cooler waters to call home.

Curing inherited disease by running a stop sign
A study published today by scientists at University of Massachusetts Medical School and the University of Alabama at Birmingham provides insight into the mechanism of action of the drug ataluren, which is showing promise in treating Duchenne muscular dystrophy and cystic fibrosis.

Scientists make structure analysis of protein molecules several times faster
Scientists at Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and several universities in the US came up with a technology for faster structure analysis of receptor proteins, which are important for human health.

Professor unveils first data on new dental fillings that will repair tooth decay
The first data on dental fillings that can actively repair tooth decay is presented by Professor Robert Hill.

Breakthrough in analytical sciences could lead to medical revolution
Pharmaceutical research could be quicker and more precise, thanks to an innovative breakthrough in the analytical sciences from the University of Warwick.

The first urban park butterfly study in HK: HKU ecologists reveal causes of butterfly diversity
A recent research published in the journal Landscape Ecology revealed that environmental factors such as plant cover and floral density were important determinants of communities of common urban butterfly species, while spatial properties were important for rare species.

Electron beam microscope directly writes nanoscale features in liquid with metal ink
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are the first to harness a scanning transmission electron microscope to directly write tiny patterns in metallic 'ink,' forming features in liquid that are finer than half the width of a human hair.

UTA chemists receive donation to develop strategies to limit shale gas industry's impact
Trammell S. Crow, who made Fair Park-based Earth Day Texas the largest celebration of its kind in the world, has donated $150,000 to support the ongoing research efforts of the Collaborative Laboratories for Environmental Analysis and Remediation or CLEAR lab at the University of Texas at Arlington.

$1 million for intestinal flora research that could potentially prevent obesity
The Department of Food Science at University of Copenhagen has received 6.3 million Danish kroner (approximately $1 million) from the Danish Council for Independent Research to study whether you can prevent obesity by manipulating intestinal flora early in life.

Unraveling roundworm nerve regeneration mechanism could aid nerve injury treatment
By studying the worm Caenorhabditis elegans, Nagoya University researchers revealed a molecular mechanism involved in regeneration of axons after these connections between nerve cells are severed.

Toxicant levels are on average 95 percent less in e-cig emissions compared to smoke
In the most comprehensive chemical comparison to date between smoke and e-cigarette emissions, toxicant levels in e-cigarette vapor was found to be on average 95 percent less than in conventional cigarette smoke.

Botox may beat neural stimulation for urge incontinence, but has risks
A head-to-head comparison of sacral neuromodulation and botulinum toxin led by a Duke Health researcher shows that Botox provides more daily relief for women suffering from urgency urinary incontinence, but might also be associated with more adverse events.

A cooperative way to make ammonia
A better understanding of how bacteria fix nitrogen gas into nitrogen-carrying ammonia could lead to energy savings in industrial processes.

Septic shock patients have better outcomes when their heart rates are lower, study finds
Study finds patients with a lower heart rate who are in septic shock have a better chance of survival than those with an abnormally rapid heart rate.

Blocking Ran protein reverses resistance of lung and breast cancers
Researchers at the University of Bradford (UK) have discovered a way to prevent chemotherapy resistance in lung cancer by blocking a protein found in cancer cells.

Motion-directed robots on a micro scale
Microswimmers capped with carbon on one side can be propelled and steered by light,

HKU Earth Sciences student research on metamorphic rock in North China
A research result shows that the ~2.5 billion year old mafic granulites from the Taipingzhai area experienced metamorphism that is characterized by an anticlockwise P-T path involving isobaric cooling, reflecting an origin related to the underplating of mantle-derived magmas, not consistent with subduction and collision processes under a plate tectonics regime.

New genes linked with bigger brains identified
A number of new links between families of genes and brain size have been identified by UK scientists, opening up a whole new avenue of research to better understand brain development and diseases like dementia.

'Churning' following the Affordable Care Act hasn't worsened, but remains a problem
About one in four low-income adults in three US states have experienced changes in their health insurance coverage -- known as 'churning' -- since the Affordable Care Act was passed in 2014, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

Houston, we have a dust problem: CSU-developed air samplers are spacebound
Astronauts aboard the International Space Station conduct research, fix equipment, perform space walks ... and they vacuum.

Vitamin D increases the number of blood stem cells during embryonic development
Short exposure to vitamin D influences the number of blood stem cells in human umbilical cords and zebrafish embryos, Harvard researchers report in Cell Reports.

For women, caffeine could be ally in warding off dementia
Higher caffeine intake in women is associated with reduced odds of developing dementia or cognitive impairment, according to the results of a new study published in The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences.

An appetite suppressant with side effects
Neurogeneticists from the University of Würzburg have discovered a peptide in Drosophila that has a strong impact on the fly's feeding and sleeping habits.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: Even with charity or cash incentives, activity trackers do not appear to improve health
Cash incentives helped increase exercise levels at six months, but not enough to benefit health, and 90 percent of participants stopped using the devices once incentives stopped.

Diabetic fruit flies may unlock secrets in humans
Fruit flies may be small, but the genetic secrets they can unlock for humans are mighty.

Storms and tides combine to cause coastal flooding around the Clyde
Severe storms in the Atlantic can cause a tsunami-like wave that funnels into the Firth of Clyde, and when this coincides with high tides it leads to severe coastal flooding, according to a study by mathematicians at the University of Strathclyde.

When push comes to shove: Size matters for particles in our bloodstream
Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs.

Sex before sport doesn't negatively impact performance
Contrary to popular belief, sex before sport doesn't have a negative effect on the athlete and could even benefit performance.

Detonating white dwarfs as supernovae
A new mathematical model created by astrophysicists at the American Museum of Natural History details a way that dead stars called white dwarfs could detonate, producing a type of explosion that is instrumental to measuring the extreme distances in our universe.

New device detects bacteria and tests for antibiotic resistance
Engineering and pharmaceutical science researchers at the University of Alberta are hoping a new device they've designed will curtail the spread of drug-resistant bacteria.

Great hammerhead sharks swim on their sides to reduce energy expenditure
This study revealed that great hammerhead sharks (Sphyrna mokarran) swim on their sides at roll angles of approximately 60°.

Prosperity of children, families, nations threatened by disparities in early childhood development
A staggeringly high proportion -- 43 percent or 250 million -- of children under age five and living in low- and middle-income countries may not reach their developmental potential due to poverty and chronic under nutrition.

Brown University's J. Michael Kosterlitz wins Nobel Prize in Physics
Professor of physics awarded 'for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter.'

The science of staleness: How to bring chips and bread back from the dead (video)
It's football season, which means it's time to get the game-day snacks ready.

Performance-enhancing... research? New measurement could help elite athletes: York U
York U research has resulted in a new technique that measures the rapid process of liquid drops spreading on any surface.

Metagenomic study links microbes to flavors in kefir
A team of food scientists and microbiologists in Ireland have used high-throughput sequencing to analyze how microbial populations change as kefir ferments.

Clinton's contrasting memoir writing styles linked to public perception problems
An analysis of Clinton's two political memoirs has discovered links to the US democratic presidential candidate's public perception problems.

The effects of pesticides on soil organisms are complex
There are significant interactions between soil management factors, including pesticide application, with respect to effects on soil organisms.

World's first implanted bionic arm on test in global competition
A few years ago, a patient was implanted with a bionic arm for the first time in the world using control technology developed at Chalmers University of Technology.

Study may help reassure women taking tamoxifen for breast cancer
A study led by Loyola Medicine researchers may help reassure patients who worry the breast cancer drug tamoxifen could increase their risk of uterine cancer. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to