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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | October 07, 2016


Kessler Foundation awarded 5-year spinal cord injury model system grant
Kessler Foundation has been awarded a Spinal Cord Injury Model System (SCIMS) grant valued at $2,300,000 over 5 years (2016-2021).
Review suggests eating oats can lower cholesterol as measured by a variety of markers
A review of clinical trials suggests eating oats can lower cholesterol levels as measured by a variety of markers.
Different brain atrophy patterns may explain variability in Alzheimers disease symptoms
Mathematical modeling of the brain scans of patients with Alzheimer's disease and others at risk for the devastating neurodegenerative disorder has identified specific patterns of brain atrophy that appear to be related to the loss of particular cognitive abilities.
Hurricane Nicole teams up to set an Atlantic Ocean record
Tropical Storm Nicole intensified into a hurricane to join Matthew in the Atlantic Ocean, and together they set a record.
High number of pesticides within colonies linked to honey bee deaths
A new study is the first to systematically assess multiple pesticides that accumulate within bee colonies.
UMN researchers find the link between heart and blood cells in early development
New research from the University of Minnesota reveals endoglin as a critical factor in determining the fate of early undifferentiated cells during development.
Ethosomes as vesicles for effective transdermal delivery: From bench to clinical implementation
Ethosomes are ethanolic nanovesicles that possess abundant amount of ethanol in its core which provides fluidity to the lipid bilayers and thus by this effect, improves the delivery of molecules into the deep skin layers.
The Lancet: The UK's approach to health needs radical rethinking -- its boldest since the founding of the NHS in 1948
As the NHS lurches from crisis to crisis, the UK's approach to health needs radical rethinking to create a healthy and health-creating society.
USU awarded $2.7M NSF RT grant for graduate climate adaptation science program
Utah State University is the recipient of a competitive $2.7 million National Science Foundation Research Traineeship award that will afford USU students in 20 STEM graduate degree programs the opportunity to pursue advanced interdisciplinary research training and a Climate Adaptation Science specialization.
RNA, gravitational waves focus of two new grants
Four Penn State researchers have been awarded a total of $450,000 by the Charles E.
A study on human behavior has identified 4 basic personality types
A study on human behavior has revealed that 90 percent of the population can be classified into four basic personality types: optimistic, pessimistic, trusting and envious.
Kids' consumption of high-calorie drinks at fast-food restaurants tied to combo meals
A new survey of children's and teenagers' eating habits at fast-food restaurants suggests that consumption levels of sugary drinks are closely tied to their automatic inclusion in 'combo meal' packages.
Shale gas -- not EPA rules -- has pushed decline in coal-generated electricity, study confirms
Data shows that cheap shale gas produced by fracking has been the force driving the decline in coal production and coal-generated power in the United States since 2008.
Thousands of melanoma patients in Europe have no access to new life saving drugs
Over 5000 patients with metastatic melanoma in Europe are denied access to new, life saving drugs every year, according to a survey presented at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen today.
Neoadjuvant immunotherapy prior to surgery is safe and feasible in early lung cancer
Neoadjuvant immunotherapy with the PD-1 inhibitor nivolumab is safe and feasible prior to surgery for early lung cancer, researchers reported at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen.
CU Boulder engineers transform brewery wastewater into energy storage
University of Colorado Boulder engineers have developed an innovative bio-manufacturing process that uses a biological organism cultivated in brewery wastewater to create the carbon-based materials needed to make energy storage cells.
New NIST test bed makes the 'digital thread' accessible
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have launched the Smart Manufacturing Systems Test Bed, an innovative model factory that will facilitate the advanced manufacturing technology known as the 'digital thread' and help manufacturers cut costs, shorten production time, reduce errors and provide higher quality goods.
First demonstration of brain-inspired device to power artificial systems
New research, led by the University of Southampton, has demonstrated that a nanoscale device, called a memristor, could be used to power artificial systems that can mimic the human brain.
Weethinking the role of bacteria in incontinence
We have much to learn about the bladder, bacteria in the urinary tract, and their relationship to incontinence.
Toward 'greener,' inexpensive solar cells
Solar panels are proliferating across the globe to help reduce the world's dependency on fossil fuels.
Urban forestry project ties residential nature to health care spending
A new research project led by University of Illinois researcher Matthew Browning intends to explore how urban forestry affects health care spending, and then build a free online modeling tool city arborists can use to estimate their communities' potential rate of return on their investments in parks and other natural elements.
Mapping the 'dark matter' of human DNA
Researchers from ERIBA, Radboud UMC, XJTU, Saarland University, CWI and UMC Utrecht have made a big step towards a better understanding of the human genome.
NASA sees Tropical Storm Aere drifting in the South China Sea
Tropical Storm Aere was drifting in the South China Sea, just south of Hong Kong, as NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead.
Snake venom composition could be related to hormones and diet
Many people are afraid of snakes, but scientists are now revealing insights about their venoms that could give even ophidiophobes an appreciation for the animals.
Insilico Medicine uses AI to identify geroprotectors predicted to support human longevity
An international group of expert scientists led by Insilico Medicine published a research paper, 'In search for geroprotectors: in silico screening and in vitro validation of signalome-level mimetics of young healthy state' in one of the highest-impact journals in the field, Aging.
Virginia Tech team unravels mystery of bacteria's antibiotic resistance
These latest findings represent the first detailed biochemical characterization of a flavoenzyme involved in antibiotic resistance, according to the authors.
Modeling the contractive behavior of soft clay in a heating test
Scientists at the Nagoya Institute of Technology illustrated using numerical simulation that a well-organized thermo-elastoplastic model can accurately explain the volumetric contraction of soft clay due to heating without the inclusion of any additional parameters.
NIH to recognize 12 champions of environmental health research
Twelve individuals will receive the first-ever Champion of Environmental Health Research Award from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, for their significant contributions to the field.
MinXSS CubeSat brings new information to study of solar flares
A new miniature satellite is observing a particular class of X-ray light that has rarely been studied.
NASA sees Hurricane Matthew develop concentric eyewalls
Matthew developed concentric eyewalls which is common in intense hurricanes.
Taking stock of charcoal in the world's soil
Despite its importance in maintaining our ecological balance, researchers have historically had very little knowledge of just how much black carbon we have on Earth, or where it can be found.
Metaphors bias perceptions of scientific discovery
While the metaphor that ideas appear 'like light bulbs' is popular and appealing, new research shows that discovery metaphors influence our understanding of the scientific process and perceptions of the ability of inventors based on their gender.
High response rate in phase I/II paediatric brain cancer trial
A high response rate with a single drug in a phase I/II trial of paediatric brain tumour has set the stage for combination therapy with higher response and lower toxicity, researchers reported at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen.
Aberrant Tau proteins put neuronal networks to sleep
In a study published in the journal PNAS scientists of the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases present new findings on the role of the protein Tau in certain brain diseases.
Antibacterial and antiinflammatory properties of bovine colostrum
Colostrum is a thick, sticky, yellowish mammary secretion that all mammals provide to their newborns during the first 24-48 hours after delivery.
NASA looks at major Hurricane Matthew's winds, clouds
As Hurricane Matthew continues to crawl along the southeastern U.S.
New tool for cancer patients measures the stress of expenses
A team of cancer specialists and health economists have developed a tool that can measure a patient's risk for, and ability to tolerate, the financial stress associated with treatment.
Fewer indications of ADHD in children whose mothers took vitamin D during pregnancy
Children of mothers who took vitamin D during pregnancy with resultant high levels of the vitamin in the umbilical blood have fewer symptoms of ADHD at the age of 2.5 years.
Scientific principles for the identification of endocrine-disrupting chemicals: Consensus statement
On the occasion of an expert meeting organized by the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) held in Berlin, a consensus was reached on the identification of endocrine disruptors.
ATS international and US members agree climate change affects patient health
A survey of international members of the American Thoracic Society (ATS) found that 96 percent of respondents agreed that climate change is occurring and 81 percent indicated that climate change has direct relevance to patient care.
Researchers explore the relationship between religion and cancer screening
Does religion affect people's likelihood of being screened for cancer?
Don't panic, but your avocado is radioactive: Study eyes radiation of everyday objects
Most people assume all radioactive materials are dangerous, if not deadly.
Thousands of melanoma patients in Europe have no access to new life saving drugs
Over 5,000 patients with metastatic melanoma in Europe are denied access to new, life saving drugs every year, according to a survey presented at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen.
New sensor material could enable more sensitive readings of biological signals
Scientists have created a material that could make reading biological signals, from heartbeats to brainwaves, much more sensitive.
RIT professor organizes international symposium on 'Global Women of Light' Oct. 17
Rochester Institute of Technology is celebrating the 100th anniversary of the Optical Society, locally and nationally, with a symposium featuring women scientists, engineers and entrepreneurs working in optics and photonics.
More Washington state agricultural workers injured in hot weather
Warmer weather is linked to a rise in traumatic injuries for outdoor agricultural workers in a university and state Labor & Industry study that took place in central and eastern Washington state.
UNIST professor receives prestigious Feynman Prize in nanotechnology
Prof. Bartosz A. Grzybowski at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has been selected as a recipient of the 2016 Foresight Institute Feynman Prize for theory.
Great apes can 'read minds'
Great apes watching a hide-and-seek video can process false beliefs, the notion that someone's understanding of a situation may not be congruent with reality.
Transcendental Meditation reduces stress and trauma in prisoners, fosters transformation
A randomized controlled study of 181 male inmates at two Oregon prisons found that after four months, prisoners practicing the Transcendental Meditation technique had significantly reduced trauma symptoms, including anxiety, depression, dissociation, sleep disturbance, and a significant decrease in perceived stress compared to non-meditating controls.
Concentrating on the social billions
Using online social media does not lead to long-term problems with our ability to concentrate, according to new research published in the International Journal Social Media and Interactive Learning Environments.
MDC researchers discover new regulatory mechanism of important protein
Protein kinase A (PKA) is an important signaling enzyme that is found throughout the body and is involved in many cellular processes.
Culprit found in breast cancer resistance to tamoxifen
Researchers have discovered that a protein found naturally in cells that provides some protection from viruses is responsible for creating mutations that drive resistance to tamoxifen treatment in breast cancer.
American workers prefer set work schedules, but would take wage cuts to work from home
A new study by Princeton University and Harvard University, the average American worker is indifferent to flexible work schedules and instead prefers a set 40-hour workweek.
Assessing the effects of human-caused activities on marine mammals
Rising levels of noise in the ocean have been identified as a growing concern for the well-being of marine mammals, but other threats such as pollution, climate change, and prey depletion by fisheries may also harm marine mammals and influence their response to additional noise.
Hydrogen-powered passenger ferry in San Francisco Bay is possible, says Sandia study
Nearly two years ago, Sandia National Laboratories researchers Joe Pratt and Lennie Klebanoff set out to answer one not-so-simple question: is it feasible to build and operate a high-speed passenger ferry solely powered by hydrogen fuel cells?
Low-cost sensor for cystic fibrosis diagnosis based on citrate
Penn State biomaterials scientists have developed a new, inexpensive method for detecting salt concentrations in sweat or other bodily fluids.
To help bees, skip herbicides and pesticides, keep lawns naturally diverse
A new study from urban ecologists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst suggests that when urban and suburban lawns are left untreated with herbicides, they provide a diversity of 'spontaneous' flowers such as dandelions and clover that offer nectar and pollen to bees and other pollinators.
Antarctic yeast's strategies: Consuming energy to prevent from intracellular freezing
Research suggests Antarctic yeast Mrakia blollopis pays huge energy costs to resist cold stress as it grows in subzero temperatures.
Imaging stroke risk in 4-D
A new MRI technique developed at Northwestern University detects blood flow velocity to identify who is most at risk for stroke, so they can be treated accordingly.
Magma movements foretell future eruptions
Geologists at Uppsala University have traced magma movement beneath Mt.
Ultimate sacrifice: Spider's post-sex cannibalism aids offspring
The male dark fishing spider is just dying to father some children -- and this death wish probably evolved to benefit his offspring, according to new research.
UTA biologist to expand study of invasive zebra mussels in Texas lakes
A professor emeritus in biology from the University of Texas at Arlington who is an esteemed expert in freshwater and marine invertebrates is expanding his research into the spread of invasive zebra mussels into Texas lakes.
Preparing for (another) biological attack
In the weeks following the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, five people died from exposure to anthrax-laced letters, and several more were infected.
Choosing a mate: It's the brain, not the nose, that knows
How does a male moth find the right sort of female for mating, when there are two similar types luring him with their pheromones?
What's really going on in PTSD brains? Experts suggest new theory
PTSD experts agree that the condition has its roots in very real, physical processes within the brain -- and not some sort of psychological 'weakness.' But no clear consensus has emerged about what exactly has gone 'wrong' in the brain.
UT Southwestern finds protein function that could lead to ways to prevent stroke damage
One particular protein is the final executioner of events that result in the death of brain cells during stroke, researchers from UT Southwestern Medical Center and their collaborators report.
The importance of loving care within children's institutions
Nurturing caregiving from a few consistent individuals helps to minimize the potential emotional and mental-health development issues that can arise from spending the early years of a child's life in an institution.
New, carbon-nanotube tool for ultra-sensitive virus detection and identification
A new tool, which uses a forest-like stand of carbon nanotubes that can be tuned to trap viruses selectively by their size, can speed the process of identifying newly-emerging viruses.
Study challenges idea of mandatory water intake
A multi-institute study led by Monash University has revealed for the first time the mechanism that regulates fluid intake in the human body and stops us from over-drinking, which can cause potentially fatal water intoxication.
Ticagrelor after MI: Added benefit called into question by data subsequently submitted
New analyses increased consistency and certainty of conclusions of the results on harmful aspects.
Children mean stress for mums, joy for dads
A new study from a Cornell University sociologist shows that while parents enjoy the time they spend with their children, parenting carries more strain for mothers.
Emerging Sciences and a Changing World: EU-Japan in Transition
We are pleased to inform you of the symposium 'Emerging Sciences and a Changing World: EU-Japan in Transition' to be held on Nov.
Application-safe and environmentally friendly development and use of nanomaterials
Thus BfR researchers have found out that pure silver nanoparticles are, following simulated digestion in the stomach and intestine, absorbed in much lower quantities than particles which are digested together with food components.

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