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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | October 10, 2016


Nanoscale engineering transforms particles into 'LEGO-like' building blocks
Researchers have developed a nanoscale engineering method that transforms tiny particles into 'LEGO-like' modular building blocks.
Clemson University organic peach research bags $1 million grant
Clemson University awarded $1 million grant to study growing peaches organically by bagging them while they're still on the trees.
Understanding vaping behavior
If you are a vaper, scientists want to know how you vape because understanding this is an essential first step to understanding how vaping products are used and the potential they may have to reduce harm caused by smoking.
Could mental math boost emotional health?
Engaging the brain's dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DL-PFC) while doing mental math may be connected with better emotional health, according to Duke researchers.
Graduating into profession is increasingly rigorous for teachers worldwide, report finds
Across the world, requirements for becoming a teacher have become increasingly stringent and more technology is making its way into curricula and instruction, according to an education assessment of 60 countries and regions conducted by the IEA's TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center at Boston College.
UC physicists join collaborative efforts in search for new ghost neutrinos
University of Cincinnati physicists team up with international efforts to find an elusive sterile ghost particle that may shed light on poorly understood dark matter.
Media briefing will preview newsworthy research and events anticipated at TCT 2016
Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) is the annual scientific symposium of CRF and the world's premier educational meeting specializing in interventional cardiovascular medicine.
Significant survival gains from neoadjuvant chemotherapy for high-risk soft tissue sarcoma
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with an anthracycline plus ifosfamide was associated with significant survival gains in patients with soft tissue sarcoma of the trunk or extremities who are at high-risk of recurrence, in an interim analysis that led to the early discontinuation of a trial presented today at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen.
Anti-tuberculosis drug disrupted by botanical supplement, can lead to disease
A new study from the University of Missouri in partnership with scientists in Africa has uncovered evidence that the botanical supplement Sutherlandia may reduce the effectiveness of anti-tuberculosis prescription medications.
'Epigenetic' drug may boost success of parp inhibitor treatment for leukemias and breast cancers
Drugs called PARP inhibitors, which sabotage cancer cells' ability to repair damage to their DNA, have shown some promise in treating human breast cancers that contain BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations.
Ames Laboratory's Debra Covey awarded Mid-Continent FLC Professional of Year Award
Debra Covey, associate lab director and director of Sponsored Research Administration at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory has been named the 2016 Technology Transfer Professional of the Year by the Federal Laboratory Consortium Mid-Continent Region.
Scientists explore whether a little less sodium in the diet translates to less inflammation, oxidative stress
Scientists want to know if even a modest decrease in how much salt you eat means you also have less inflammation and oxidative stress, both key factors for cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Gestational age measured via DNA methylation
Geneticists have developed a method for estimating developmental maturity of newborns.
LA BioMed study seeks to improve diabetic eye health
A first-of-its-kind study sought to improve diabetic eye health by examining the barriers to retinal screening among lower income minority patients, It found the patients and health care providers had markedly divergent perceptions of the barriers to diabetic retinopathy screening.
New approach for screening toxic chemicals mimics mammal senses
University of Leicester researchers develop novel technique which could reduce need for laboratory animals in biomedical research.
Financial difficulties linked to worse outcomes from cancer treatment
Financial difficulties can significantly impact a cancer patient's quality of life during treatment and may even increase their risk of death, according to the results of a pooled analysis presented at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen.
Doc versus machine
Hundreds of millions of people rely on Internet or app-based symptom checkers to help make sense of symptoms or self-diagnose diseases.
A new strategy for choosing cancer drugs
Researchers at MIT and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have developed a novel way to test tumors for drug susceptibility.
Scientific methods identify potential antivirals against chikungunya
Chikungunya virus has caused two recent massive outbreaks sickening millions of people.
Insights into the development of sperm and egg cell precursors in the embryo
Researchers at the Babraham Institute have investigated the early stages of the development of cells called primordial germ cells and developed strategies to generate 'lookalike' cells in the lab.
Report shows neglected cancer is killing the young
A report published today, Oct. 11 2016, by charity Brain Tumour Research shows that funding for research into brain tumors is still woefully inadequate, despite it being the biggest cancer killer of children and people under the age of 40.
Ibrutinib in CLL: Added benefit for treatment-naive patients not proven
The dossier contained no suitable data for any of the three subgroups of treatment-naive patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, for whom the drug was newly approved in 2016.
A new light protection mechanism discovered in plants
Scientists at Imperial College London have discovered a feedback mechanism at the heart of photosynthesis that protects plants from damage by light.
Common high blood pressure meds affect mood disorders
Antihypertensive medications affect not only blood pressure but also mood disorders, such as depression and bipolar disorder.
MPP paper recognized in the sustainability in energy and buildings sector
The paper entitled 'The multi-detail building archetypes in urban energy modelling' won the Georgios Kazas Award at the 8th International Conference on Sustainability in Energy and Buildings 2016, which took place in Turin, Italy.
Novel mechanism in drug combination shows potential for treating leukemia, other cancers
Researchers have discovered a novel mechanism in a combination drug therapy that shows potential as a new approach for treating acute myeloid leukemia and many other cancers.
Mars-bound astronauts face chronic dementia risk from galactic cosmic ray exposure
Will astronauts traveling to Mars remember much of it? That's the question concerning University of California, Irvine scientists probing a phenomenon called 'space brain.' Charles Limoli and colleagues found that exposure to highly energetic charged particles -- much like those found in the galactic cosmic rays that will bombard astronauts during extended spaceflights -- causes significant long-term brain damage in test rodents, resulting in cognitive impairments and dementia.
Brain modulyzer provides interactive window into the brain
A new tool developed at Berkeley Lab allows researchers to interactively explore the hierarchical processes that happen in the brain when it is resting or performing tasks.
CU researchers identify genes related to vitiligo
In a study published in the Oct. 10 edition of the journal Nature Genetics, Richard Spritz, M.D., Professor and Director of the Human Medical Genetics and Genomics Program at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, and a team of international researchers announce they have identified 23 locations on the human genome that are newly linked to susceptibility for vitiligo.
Cedars-Sinai launches Precision Health to deliver personalized medical care based on individual data
Cedars-Sinai has awarded nearly $700,000 to scientists developing new treatments and technologies -- such as advanced genetic profiling and biomedical sensors that can be worn at home -- to deliver individualized healthcare to patients.
Sick or healthy? Bacterial metabolism tells us which -- and why
The human gut is a complex ecosystem: countless bacteria colonize it and help us to digest our food.
Mice sing like a jet-engine
Mice court with love songs that are so high frequency they are inaudible to the human ear.
Claims that declines of pollinator species richness are slowing down in Europe revisited
Changes in pollinator abundances and diversity are of major concern.
UHN research team maps genomic landscape of schwannoma tumors
Researchers from the University Health Network (UHN); Toronto Western Neurosurgery Division and MacFeeters Hamilton Neuro-oncology Program at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre have described the genomic landscape of schwannomas in a paper published online today in Nature Genetics.
Study: Human-caused climate change has doubled western US forest fire area
Human-caused climate change has nearly doubled the amount of land burned in western US forest fires over the past three decades, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Idaho and Columbia University.
Three natural science professors win TJ Park Science Fellowship
Professor Jung-Min Kee (Department of Chemistry, UNIST), Professor Kyudong Choi (Department of Mathematical Sciences, UNIST), and Professor Kwanpyo Kim (Department of Physics, UNIST) are the recipients of the Cheong-Am (TJ Park) Science Fellowship of the year 2016.
The many health benefits of gardening for elderly women
Researchers assessed physical and psychological health benefits of a 15-session gardening intervention for women age 70 and older.
Sustainable intensification research topic of agronomy symposium
Agronomists often face competing challenges of increasing yields to support an ever-growing population, while reducing environmental impact of food production.
Even partial steroid treatment can benefit extremely preterm infants, NIH study suggests
Steroids improve survival and reduce the chances of certain birth defects for extremely premature infants, even if the treatment course is not finished before delivery, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.
A wolf in sheep's clothing: Your boss, the friendly blackmailer
Extortionate strategies can be successful -- if they are not applied too heavy-handedly.
Heart signaling map sheds light on the molecular culprits behind cardiovascular disease
Research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reveals widespread differences in protein biochemistry between healthy and diseased hearts.
Scientists outline biochemistry of xanthohumol -- an avenue to treat metabolic syndrome
Researchers have made a fundamental advance in understanding xanthohumol -- a compound found in hops that's of significant interest to prevent or treat the lipid and metabolic disorders that are a primary killer of people in the developed world.
Longer disease-free survival in trial of sunitinib as adjuvant treatment for kidney cancer
A phase III trial of sunitinib has met its primary endpoint of disease-free survival for adjuvant treatment of high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy, researchers report at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen.
Is newborn screening for congenital cytomegalovirus infection cost effective?
Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is a leading cause of childhood hearing loss, cognitive deficits and visual impairments.
Stem cells from jaw bone help repair damaged cartilage
Researchers from Columbia College of Dental Medicine have identified stem cells in the jaw bone that can make new cartilage and repair damaged joints.
Fertilizer, plastic mulch treatments benefit tomato yield
Researchers studied the effects on tomato yield of transplant fertilizer solutions and plastic mulch in a clay loam soil with moderate or high levels of existing phosphorus fertility and organic matter.
Eco-detector will hunt GMOs that escape to environment
Rice University scientists are developing technology to detect genetically modified crops and animals in ecosystems.
Protecting streams that feed Lake Erie will take much work, study finds
While current efforts to curtail agricultural runoff will improve the health of Lake Erie, much more work will be needed to protect the streams that feed the lake, new research shows.
Genetic signature linked to cancer prognosis identified
Researchers from the UK's Medical Research Council Cancer Unit at the University of Cambridge have identified a genetic signature related to metabolism associated with poor patient prognosis.
UHN research team maps genomic landscape of schwannoma tumours
Researchers from the University Health Network, Toronto Western Neurosurgery Division and MacFeeters Hamilton Neuro-oncology Program at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre have described the genomic landscape of schwannomas in a paper published online today in Nature Genetics.
Researchers predict growing number of Hurricane Sandy-like storm surges
Researchers from Princeton and Rutgers universities and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have developed a computer simulation that estimates that storm-related flooding on the New York City coastline similar in scale to those seen during Sandy are likely to become more common in coming decades.
Climate change has doubled western US forest fires, says study
A new study says that human-induced climate change has doubled the area affected by forest fires in the US West over the last 30 years.
Dangerous drug interactions uncovered with data science
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center and the Data Science Institute at Columbia University have uncovered a potentially dangerous drug interaction using data science.
Guimarães awarded the B.Bus project as the most innovative
B. Bus won the first Guimarães Green Urban Challenge and introduced a new concept of buses for bike users.
Highly efficient organic solar cells with improved operation stability
A new study, affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan, South Korea has presented an effective and simple strategy to simultaneously improve and stabilize the performance of organic solar cells.
Brain training may help keep seniors on the road
Older adults who participate in training designed to improve cognitive ability are more likely to continue driving over the next 10 years than those who do not, according to health researchers.
UPCI-tested immunotherapy prolongs life, reduces side effects and improves quality of life
The immunotherapy nivolumab significantly increases survival and causes fewer adverse side-effects in patients with recurrent head and neck cancer, according to a randomized trial co-led by investigators at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, partners with UPMC CancerCenter.
Alzheimer's disease could be treated with gene therapy, suggests animal study
Researchers have prevented the development of Alzheimer's disease in mice by using a virus to deliver a specific gene into the brain.
High blood pressure and brain health are linked
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for vascular cognitive impairment and is emerging as a potential risk factor for Alzheimer's disease.
Former USPSTF chairs say that guidelines should inform -- not determine -- coverage
Former chairs of the US Preventive Services Task Force, Virginia A.
Noise-canceling optics
Destructive interference can be used to see through fog using a technology reminiscent of noise-canceling headphones.
Bile duct cancer study sheds light on triggers that cause disease
Scientists at the University of Edinburgh have identified a molecule that drives the development of bile duct cancer.
Big data for little creatures
A multi-disciplinary team of researchers at UC Riverside has received $3 million from the National Science Foundation Research Traineeship program to prepare the next generation of scientists and engineers who will learn how to exploit the power of big data to understand insects.
Restoring sand dunes, one microbe at a time
Restoring sand dunes isn't as simple as dredging sand from the ocean floor and plopping it onshore.
Altering the 'flavor' of humans could help fight malaria
A new study by Johns Hopkins researchers suggests that a specialized area of the mosquito brain mixes tastes with smells to create unique and preferred flavors.
MEK inhibition in KRAS-mutant NSCLC did not improve survival
MEK inhibitor selumetinib in combination with docetaxel does not improve progression free or overall survival in individuals with KRAS-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to data presented at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen.
Composite biomaterial scaffolds enable patterning of tissue architecture and cell identity
New designs are described for unique biomaterial scaffolds that incorporate patterned architectures and regional compartments of signaling factors that can more intricately guide stem cell development.
Scientists find new metabolic pathways to resist viruses
An international partnership unravels the mechanism by which hepatitis C virus reprograms human metabolism, and identifies new pathways of anti-viral resistance.
Apes understand that some things are all in your head
Bonobos, chimpanzees and orangutans understand that others can be convinced of something that is not true.
Treatment shrinks bladder cancer tumors in patients that can't tolerate chemotherapy
A treatment harnesses the immune system to shrink tumors in bladder cancer patients that cannot take the most effective chemotherapy.
Parental absence in early childhood linked to smoking and drinking before teens
Parental absence in early childhood as a result of death or relationship break-down is linked to a heightened risk of starting to smoke and drink alcohol before that child reaches his/her teens, indicates research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.
Costs of similarly effective breast cancer treatments vary widely
A new study finds that the costs of breast cancer chemotherapy vary widely, even among treatment regimens with similar efficacy, and that patients bear a substantial out-of-pocket burden.
UNC researcher develops test scenarios for sustaining ecotourism in the Galapagos
If ecotourism in the Galapagos Islands -- a province of Ecuador 1,000 kilometers from the mainland -- continues to match its growth rate of the past two decades, the renowned sea turtles, giant tortoises, marine iguanas and unique landscapes that help attract visitors face serious risks.
Tracking the amount of sea ice from the Greenland ice sheet
The Greenland ice sheet records information about Arctic climate going back more than 120.000 years.
Research uncovers defender against cancer-promoting liver damage
The liver reacts to chronic injury by trying to wall it off with scar tissue and calling in immune cells with inflammatory signals.
Saxagliptin and saxagliptin/metformin in type 2 diabetes: Added benefit not proven
The presented analyses of the SAVOR-TIMI 53 study were unsuitable for conclusions on positive or negative effects in comparison with the appropriate comparator therapies.
3-D printing customized vascular stents
Using high-resolution 3-D printing, Northwestern University researchers can create flexible, biodegradable stents on-demand that are customized for a patient's specific anatomy.
New impetus for treatment neurodegenerative diseases
Twenty years ago, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) seemed a promising target in the treatment of brain diseases like multiple sclerosis or Alzheimer's Disease.
Lights, action, electrons!
For the first time, scientists captured in a video the electrons' movement inside a solar cell.
Metamaterial uses light to control its motion
Researchers have designed a device that uses light to manipulate its mechanical properties.
Big data analysis is 'next frontier' in identifying harmful drug interactions
Coupling data mining of adverse event reports and electronic health records with targeted laboratory experiments, researchers found a way to identify and confirm previously unknown drug interactions, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
New online app may help doctors predict risk of breast cancer recurrence
Researchers led by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientists report they have developed a free web-based app that could take some of the guesswork out of decisions to order an additional and costly molecular test for assessing risk for recurrence in women with early-stage breast cancer.
Grafting increases Chilean-grown watermelon yield, quality
Experiments evaluated the benefits of grafting watermelon under Chilean conditions.
MD Anderson study finds significant cost differences between breast cancer chemotherapy regimens
Costs associated with different breast cancer chemotherapy regimens can vary significantly, regardless of effectiveness, according to new research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
A novel battery design for making dual-ion batteries efficient
Professor Tang Yongbing and colleagues from the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, had previously developed a novel and low-cost aluminum-graphite DIB (AGDIB) using Al foil as both the anode and current collector.
Critical Path for Parkinson's Consortium achieves EMA support
The Critical Path Institute, in partnership with Parkinson's UK, announce the European Medicines Agency has issued a biomarker letter of support for Parkinson's disease.
Next century will bring deep water to New York City
New York City can expect 9-foot floods, as intense as that produced by 2012's Superstorm Sandy, at least three times more frequently over the next century -- and possibly as much as 17 times more frequently, according to a paper published today by scientists at Rutgers University, Princeton University and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
How cells move
It's a known fact that cells can move around the body, but how they do it has been unknown until now.
New evidence on terrestrial and oceanic responses to climate change over last millennium
A multidisciplinary research team in which the University of Granada takes part has achieved a breakthrough on what we know about terrestrial and oceanic responses to climate variability over the last millennium, including the industrial period.
A non-proliferative signaling center kicks off tooth development
Despite extensive research on the molecular regulation of early tooth development, little is known about the cellular mechanisms driving morphogenesis prior to enamel knot formation.
Equality, more than dominance, defines Asian elephant society
A new study on Asian elephants led by Colorado State University found that Asian elephants, unlike African savanna elephants, do not exhibit clear dominance hierarchies or matriarchal leadership.
Climate change may benefit native oysters, but there's a catch
Climate change may actually benefit oysters in California in the long term because they grow faster at warmer temperatures and are tolerant of extreme temperatures.
Receptionists could put people off seeing their GP
Forty per cent of people say that having to talk through their symptoms with doctors' receptionists could put them off going to their GP, according to an analysis of the Cancer Awareness Measure published today in the Journal of Public Health.
Low-income communities of color grow healthier through community organizing
Andrew Subica in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside, and colleagues report on the results of an innovative program to address the nation's childhood obesity problem by targeting its root cause, children's unhealthy neighborhood conditions, in 21 low-income communities of color.
Core technology springs from nanoscale rods
Rice University scientists have demonstrated a method for reversibly changing the light emitted from metallic nanorods by moving atoms from one place to another inside the particles.
Doernbecher researchers awarded more than $9 million to fight Fanconi anemia
A team of researchers at OHSU, led by Markus Grompe, M.D., have been awarded a $9.9 million grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to understand human response to novel drug treatments that have shown promise in Fanconi anemia-positive animal models.
Lifting children out of food insecurity
Replacing the maximum Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program allotment with a benefit that reflects the real cost of a healthy diet, expanding the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children eligibility to age 6, and maintaining the Community Eligibility Provision of the National School Lunch Programand School Breakfast Program may effectively address the needs of many families who experience food insecurity and increase access to healthy options, according to a new policy brief released by Children's HealthWatch.
EPSRC-funded molecular machine maker awarded Nobel Prize
A British academic who achieved his breakthrough while supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) has been congratulated on winning the 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
New UTIA center to provide weed diagnostic tests
Employing both whole-plant and molecular methods, specialists at the University of Tennessee Weed Diagnostics Center provide a wide range of services from basic weed identification to herbicide resistance tests using DNA screening.
Uncovering the mechanisms that support the spread of ovarian cancer
In this issue of the JCI, research led by Wang Min at Yale University describes how a subtype of macrophages communicate with and support tumor cell growth to drive metastasis in ovarian cancer.
Report reveals why millions of people with osteoporosis remain undiagnosed and untreated
Approximately 80 percent of those who have already suffered a broken bone due to osteoporosis remain unprotected against the risk of further disabling fractures, according to a new report issued by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) in anticipation of World Osteoporosis Day.
Sanford Health studying impact of precision medicine cancer treatments
A new study open and enrolling patients at Sanford Health is exploring how genomic profiling might help improve treatment options for patients with advanced or rare forms of cancer.
Custirsen shows no survival benefits in metastatic prostate cancer
A phase III randomized controlled trial of custirsen in combination with cabazitaxel/prednisone in patients with previously-treated metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer has shown no significant survival gains compared to cabazitaxel/prednisone alone, according to data presented at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen
Triple-drug chemotherapy with topotecan helps preserve vision in retinoblastoma patients
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital researchers report a topotecan-based chemotherapy regimen should be considered front-line therapy for patients with advanced bilateral retinoblastoma; an eye cancer in young children.
Flexing while clotting
Biomedical engineers from Emory and Georgia Tech have devised a microfluidic device for the diagnosis of bleeding disorders, where platelets can demonstrate their strength by squeezing two protein dots together.
Novel crops topic of symposium
Although small in acreage planted, they have high nutritional and environmental value.
Iranian coastal waters: New home to a rarely seen venomous sea snake
Günther's sea snake is a rarely seen venomous snake with distribution thought to stretch from the Malay Peninsula to Pakistan.
Researchers find genes behind aggressive ovarian and endometrial cancers
In a major breakthrough for ovarian and uterine cancers, Yale researchers have defined the genetic landscape of rare, highly aggressive tumors called carcinosarcomas (CSs), pointing the way to possible new treatments.
Climate change impacts on Menominee nation's forest home focus of NSF funding
A Native American tribal nation in Wisconsin faces cultural and economic challenges as climate change impacts its forest home.
ICU ventilators overused with advanced-dementia patients
Mechanical ventilation may be lifesaving, but in certain patient cases it may prolong suffering without a clear benefit.
First human clinical trial for nicotinamide riboside
In the first controlled clinical trial of nicotinamide riboside (NR), a newly discovered form of vitamin B3, researchers have shown that the compound is safe for humans and increases levels of a cell metabolite that is critical for cellular energy production and protection against stress and DNA damage.
Does using same hospital bed as prior patient who received antibiotics increase risk of Clostridium?
Antibiotics are a risk factor for Clostridium difficile infection, the most common cause of diarrhea in the hospital that is responsible for about 27,000 deaths annually in the United States.
Hospital choice could determine survival after a heart attack
Where you go for heart attack care may matter for both your short- and long-term risk of death, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers appearing in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Copay assistance is the problem, not the solution to high drug prices
Copay assistance is part of the drug pricing problem, not a solution to it, according to several health policy experts in a commentary published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
Pharmaceuticals retain potential to cause damage in aquatic environments
More sophisticated methods may be required to assess the accumulation and wider impact of human and veterinary pharmaceuticals within the aquatic environment, scientists have said following a research project led by the University of Plymouth.
Megadrought risks in Southwest soar as atmosphere warms
As a consequence of a warming Earth, the risk of a megadrought -- one that lasts more than 35 years -- in the American Southwest likely will rise from a low chance over the past thousand years to a 20- to 50-percent chance in this century.
Was the secret spice in primal gene soup a thickener?
A little goo will do to get RNA and DNA to progress toward self-replication in a solution.
This little amoeba committed grand theft
About 100 million years ago, a lowly amoeba pulled off a stunning heist, grabbing genes from an unsuspecting bacterium to replace those it had lost.
'Snotty gobble' could be good weed controller
A native parasitic plant found commonly throughout southeastern Australia, is showing great promise as a potential biological control agent against introduced weeds that cost millions of dollars every year to control.
Optimizing strawberry yield in vertical farming
Experiments conducted at two locations in Illinois compared 11 strawberry cultivars, three soilless media mixtures, and three nutrient sources.
First feasibility study of the ESMO-MCBS scale in rare tumor entities
The results of the first study analysing the application of the ESMO-Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale (ESMO-MCBS) in a real-life context for rare tumour entities, were announced today at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen.
Cabozantinib improves progression-free survival in metastatic renal cell carcinoma
Cabozantinib significantly improves progression-free survival and response rate in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared to sunitinib, according to research presented today at the ESMO 2016 Congress in Copenhagen
New kind of supercapacitor made without carbon
A new material for supercapacitors developed at MIT could make these battery-like devices outperform any existing versions for energy storage applications.
Rise in oropharyngeal cancer incidence not solely driven by HPV in United Kingdom
The rise in incidence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in the United Kingdom from 2002 to 2011 was not solely attributable to a rise in incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive disease because the proportion of HPV-positive and -negative cases remained the same throughout that period.
BU study probes soda company sponsorship of health groups
The nation's two largest soda companies sponsored at least 96 national health organizations from 2011 to 2015, dampening the health groups' support of legislation to reduce soda consumption and impeding efforts to combat the obesity epidemic, Boston University researchers say in a new study.
Emotional upset and heavy exertion may trigger a heart attack
Experiencing anger/emotional upset or heavy physical exertion appears to double heart attack risk.
UCLA physicists demonstrate method to study atoms critical to medicine
UCLA physicists have shown that shining multicolored laser light on rubidium atoms causes them to lose energy and cool to nearly absolute zero.
Targeting the social networks of group violence
A strong network of friends may be just as big a factor in acts of group violence as having a charismatic leader or a savvy battle plan, according to a new study.
New non-invasive assay may improve surveillance of heart and other solid-organ transplants
A significant unmet need exists for non-invasive diagnostic tools to monitor transplant recipients, especially for early detection of active injury and rejection.
How children inherit discrimination's effects
When a child's family members experience stress related to ethnic discrimination and the process of adapting to a new culture, the child's behavior and academics may suffer as a result, according to a UA-led study.
Single-arm trials improve early access to rare cancer drugs
Single-arm trials (SATs) can provide invaluable opportunities to speed up cancer drug development and approval, in particular for drugs with dramatic activity and strong biological rationale in small populations with high unmet need
Differing duration of brain stem cell division
Stem cells in the developing human brain take more time to arrange the chromosomes before distribution than stem cells of great apes.
'sensing skin' detects cracks, harmful chemicals in structures
Researchers have developed a multi-layered 'sensing skin' to detect corrosive or otherwise harmful substances in structures.
Stable molecular state of photons and artificial atom discovered
Researchers at the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, in collaboration with researchers at the Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation and the Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute have discovered qualitatively new states of a superconducting artificial atom dressed with virtual photons.
Energy hijacking pathway found within photosynthesis
Researchers have found an unexpected performance-destructive pathway within Photosystem II, an enzyme at the heart of oxygenic photosynthesis, and one that is also being used to inspire new approaches to renewable fuel production.

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