Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 11, 2016
Medicaid expansion associated with increased Medicaid revenue, decreased uncompensated care costs
In a study appearing in the Oct. 11 issue of JAMA, Fredric Blavin, Ph.D., of The Urban Institute, Washington, DC, estimated the association between Medicaid expansion in 2014 and hospital finances by assessing differences between hospitals in states that expanded Medicaid and in states that did not expand Medicaid.

Natural gas hydrate in the foraminifera
Highly saturated natural gas hydrates have been discovered in the fine-grained sediments of Shenhu area, South China Sea.

Collecting injury data could reduce A&E attendances
A study, published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health by researchers at Queen Mary University of London, has found data on injuries can be collected relatively easily at A&E departments to help understand injury patterns in communities.

Unfamiliar bloodline: New family for an earthworm genus with exclusive circulatory system
New earthworm family has been established for a South African indigenous genus of 21 species.

Wild chimpanzee mothers teach young to use tools, video study confirms
The first documented evidence of wild chimpanzee mothers teaching their offspring to use tools has been captured by video cameras set to record chimpanzee tool-using activity at termite mounds in the Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park in the Republic of Congo, according to new research from anthropologists at Washington University in St.

TxDOT implementation contract with UTA aims to reduce pavement cracking, stabilize slopes
A University of Texas at Arlington civil engineering professor has received a $1.2 million Texas Department of Transportation contract to implement a system to improve sub-base repair of roads that would reduce pavement cracking and thus improve pavement maintenance.

Where women are economically empowered, there are fewer disaster victims
New research from Kelly F. Austin of Lehigh University and Laura A.

Trust fosters networking and knowledge sharing
A group of researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute have examined how a communication network can arise within a new experiment called Expert Game.

Research points to ways to improve the therapeutic potential of stem cells
Stem cells hold great promise for transforming medical care related to a diverse range of conditions, but the cells often lose some of their therapeutic potential when scientists try to grow and expand them in the laboratory.

CNIC researchers identify a mechanism through which the Leishmania parasite sabotages the immune response
A molecule produced and secreted by the parasite interacts with a receptor called Mincle (Clec4e).

Genomic study of high school students from Denmark reveals remarkable genetic homogeneity
People from all across Denmark are genetically similar to each other report researchers in the journal GENETICS, a publication of the Genetics Society of America.

Noncoding mutations disrupt cooperative function of 'gene families' in rare genetic disorder
Scientists at Johns Hopkins say they are one step closer to understanding the genetic mechanism of a rare, complex, multiple-gene disorder called Hirschsprung's disease.

New approach may be key to improving US population health
The United States spends more on health care than any other country in the world, yet the life expectancy of its citizens is significantly shorter when compared to other high-income countries.

NASA sees Tropical Depression Aere dissipating
NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Depression Aere as it was dissipating in the South China Sea.

Empowering preschool children with the language of math adds up to stronger skills
Teaching preschool children simple math-related vocabulary and concepts, such as 'more,' 'a lot,' 'some' and 'fewer,' improves their mathematical skills, according to a new a study from Purdue University.

Kent State professor studies how selfish genes cause male sterility in flowering plants
Why are plants often sterile when their parents are from different species?

Improved therapy for sexually exploited youth
A team of child welfare experts from the School of Public Health at Georgia State University and the Georgia Center for Child Advocacy has won a five-year, $2 million federal grant to provide higher quality mental health services to child victims of commercial sex trafficking.

UNH receives multi-million dollar contract for underwater acoustic monitoring research
The University of New Hampshire's School of Marine Science and Ocean Engineering has received a federal government contract worth up to $6.5 million to study ocean ecosystems through underwater acoustic research.

Machine learning technique helps identify cancer cell types
Brown University researchers have developed a new image analysis technique to distinguish two key cancer cell types associated with tumor progression.

Study finds differences in obesity rates between children/teens with and without autism
A new study finds that children and teens with autism spectrum disorder may be more likely to be obese and stay obese during adolescence than their peers without autism spectrum disorder.

SURA to honor Senator Warner with Friend of Science Award
SURA announced that the US Senator Mark Warner would receive its 2016 Distinguished Friend of Science Award during its Board of Trustees meeting on November 3.

NTU deepens relations with Norway through partnerships in sustainability research
Nanyang Technological University will be deepening its collaboration with Norway in the areas of renewable energy, electric transportation and smart grids.

Groups should solve problems based on a their learning styles
What is the best way for a group to collaborate on solving a difficult problem?

Successful trial shows tablet lowers risk of disease returning for kidney cancer patients
An international multi-center clinical trial, led in the UK by the University of Surrey, St.

NREL to lead one exascale computing project, support three others
Scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory will lead an effort to model the complex and turbulent flow of wind through large wind plants as part of DOE's Exascale Computing Project, which is gearing up US computational capabilities to prepare for the next generation of supercomputers.

Penn Nursing receives INSIGHT Into Diversity 2016 HEED Award
The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) received the 2016 Health Professions Higher Education Excellence in Diversity (HEED) Award from INSIGHT Into Diversity magazine, the oldest and largest diversity-focused publication in higher education.

New study reveals major racial bias in leading genomics databases
Researchers have confirmed for the first time that two of the top genomic databases, which are in wide use today by clinical geneticists, reflect a measurable bias toward genetic data based on European ancestry over that of African ancestry.

NASA apots Typhoon Songda's cloud-filled eye
Small but powerful Typhoon Songda continued moving to the northeast and over the open ocean of the Northwestern Pacific Ocean when NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead and saw its cloud-filled eye.

Novel microwave-induced photodynamic therapy could target deeply situated tumors
Physicists at The University of Texas at Arlington have shown that using microwaves to activate photosensitive nanoparticles produces tissue-heating effects that ultimately lead to cell death within solid tumors.

Virus carrying DNA of black widow spider toxin discovered
Biologists sequencing the genome of the WO virus, which infects the bacterial parasite Wolbachia, have discovered that the phage carries DNA that produces black widow spider toxin: the first time an animal-like DNA has been found in such a virus.

New approach to treating type 1 diabetes aims to limit damage caused by immune system
Researchers at the University of Cambridge have taken the first step towards developing a new form of treatment for type 1 diabetes which, if successful, could mean an end to the regular insulin injections endured by people affected by the disease, many of whom are children.

Females react differently than males to social isolation
While male and female mice have similar responses to physical stress, research from the Hotchkiss Brain Institute at the University of Calgary, Canada, suggests females, not males, feel stressed when alone.

New findings address state and community tobacco control policies and practices
A new series of research papers presents key findings of state and community tobacco control research to help guide state and community tobacco control policies and practices.

The Lancet: Migrants screened for active tuberculosis pose negligible risk of spreading infection but can still get disease later
Tuberculosis incidence in the UK has declined over the past four years, with fewer numbers of new migrants diagnosed with the disease.

Novel biomarkers increase power to predict therapeutic response in lupus
Medical University of South Carolina investigators report preclinical research showing that prognostic models for lupus nephritis that include novel biomarkers have significantly improved predictive power over models using only traditional markers, in the Aug.

Impact of pesticide on bumblebees revealed by taking experiments into the field
A study in which free-foraging bee colonies were placed in the field has shown that pesticide exposure can affect colony development.

NREL to lead new consortium to improve reliability and performance of solar modules
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, in partnership with Sandia National Laboratories, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, will form a new consortium intended to accelerate the development of module materials for photovoltaics and lower the cost of electricity generated by solar power.

Proxima Centauri might be more sunlike than we thought
In August astronomers announced that the nearby star Proxima Centauri hosts an Earth-sized planet (called Proxima b) in its habitable zone.

New smart textile is the muscle behind next generation devices
Researchers have for the first time, developed a smart textile from carbon nanotube and spandex fibers that can both sense and move in response to a stimulus like a muscle or joint.

New immune cell subset associated with progression to type 1 diabetes
A study conducted at the University of Eastern Finland revealed that a recently described T cell subset may have a central role in the development of type 1 diabetes.

Study finds Alzheimer's manifests differently in Hispanics
Certain symptoms associated with the development of Alzheimer's disease, including agitation and depression, affect Hispanics more frequently and severely than other ethnicities.

Lack of opportunities promotes brood care
Female white-browed coucals have to suffice with a single mate.

Rice's Asian studies receives federal boost
As a continent, Asia occupies a strategic place for the United States in foreign policy, national security and economic growth.

KU researcher points finger at inaccuracy in most biology textbooks
A who's who of experts on fern biology concludes the 'breeding system of ferns has been inaccurately presented in most biology textbooks at all levels of education.'

Female brains change in sync with hormones
In parallel to rising estrogen levels, the hippocampus increases in volume.

Maternal chronic disease linked to higher rates of congenital heart disease in babies
Pregnant women with congenital heart defects or type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of giving birth to babies with severe congenital heart disease and should be monitored closely in the prenatal period, according to a study published in CMAJ.

Synthetic-chemical milestone: New ferrocenium molecule discovered
Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg working together with colleagues from Freie Universität Berlin have discovered a new molecule: the iron compound in the rare oxidation state +4 belongs to the ferrocenes and is exceptionally difficult to synthesize.

Historic shrinking of Antarctic Ice Sheet linked to CO2 spike
Twenty-three million years ago, the Antarctic Ice Sheet began to shrink, going from an expanse larger than today's to one about half its modern size.

Simulations show how to turn graphene's defects into assets
Researchers at Penn State, the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company have developed methods to control defects in two-dimensional materials, such as graphene, that may lead to improved membranes for water desalination, energy storage, sensing or advanced protective coatings.

Annual UK cancer cases set to soar to half a million in less than 20 years
Five hundred thousand people will be diagnosed with cancer each year in the UK by 2035 if trends continue, according to a Cancer Research UK study published in the British Journal of Cancer.

UTA researchers developing novel model to guarantee data center service-level objectives
Hao Che, an associate professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department at The University of Texas at Arlington, has earned a three-year, $799,950 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop a model that will make it possible for service providers to guarantee service-level objectives without unneeded resources.

Some children are genetically predisposed to overeating in response to television food ads
Exposure to food ads on television leads to overeating among children, especially those genetically predisposed to obesity, researchers at Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center and the C.

'Weighing' atoms with electrons
The chemical properties of atoms depend on the number of protons in their nuclei, placing them into the periodic table.

Lymphatic filariasis eliminated as a public health problem in Cambodia
RTI International is pleased to join Cambodia, the World Health Organization and USAID in celebrating the elimination of lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem in Cambodia.

Adding oxidative stress to FLT3 inhibition proves promising combination against AML
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences demonstrates the promise of adding drugs that increase oxidative stress to FLT3 inhibition, potentially paving the way for combination therapy directed at the disease.

Scientists map genome of African diaspora in the Americas
Researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus along with colleagues at Johns Hopkins University and other institutions have conducted the largest ever genome sequencing of populations with African ancestry in the Americas.

Temporary extinction reprieve for some frogs
Australian scientists have good news for frog conservation -- there may be longer than expected time to intervene before climate change causes extinction of some species.

Study: Medieval cities not so different from modern European cities
Modern European cities and medieval cities share a population-density-to-area relationship, a new paper concludes -- the latest research to find regularities in human settlement patterns across space and time.

Two-dimensional spin-orbit coupling for Bose-Einstein condensates realized
A joint team of the University of Science and Technology of China and the Peking University made breakthrough in quantum simulation of ultracold atoms.

Public interest in plane crashes only predicted 'if death toll is 50 or higher'
Researchers analyzed Wikipedia articles about 1,500 plane crashes around the world to discover that a death toll of around 50 is the minimum threshold for predicting significant levels of public interest.

From unknown to beardog: Findings rescue fossils from 'trashbin' genus
A new study published today in Royal Society Open Science and based on improved phylogenetic analysis and advanced computed tomography (CT) scanning identifies two fossils previously thought to be generic carnivorans as some of the earliest known members of the beardog family.

'Don't hit your brother' -- moms are strictest on their infants' moral wrongdoing
Moms respond more strongly to moral faults by infants than to other type of misbehavior, regardless of the potential harm, shows a new study.

Achieving ultra-low friction without oil additives
Researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a new process for treating metal surfaces that has the potential to improve efficiency in piston engines and a range of other equipment.

DFG to fund 7 new research units
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft will fund five new Research Units, one new Clinical Research Unit and one Humanities Centre for Advanced Studies.

Unconventional cell division in the Caribbean Sea
Bacteria are immortal as long as they keep dividing. For decades it has been assumed that a continuous, proteinaceous ring is necessary to drive the division of most microorganisms.

Running triggers production of a molecule that repairs the brain in animal models
Researchers at the Ottawa Hospital and the University of Ottawa have discovered that a molecule triggered by running can help repair certain kinds of brain damage in animal models.

Predicting jellyfish 'invasions' at coastal power stations
Scientists at the University of Bristol are working with the energy industry to develop an 'early warning tool' to predict the sudden, en masse appearance of jellyfish swarms which can cause serious problems by clogging the water intakes of coastal power plants.

Canadian Cardiovascular Society sets new guidelines for management of lipid metabolism disorders that affect cholesterol and cause atherosclerosis
The Canadian Cardiovascular Society has published an important update to its guidelines for the management of dyslipidemia -- lipid metabolism disorders -- that can cause cardiovascular disease.

Eggs from small flocks just as likely to contain Salmonella enteritidis
Eggs from small flocks of chickens are just as likely to be contaminated with Salmonella enteritidis -- often referred to as SE -- as eggs sold in grocery stores, which typically come from larger flocks, according to researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.

MD Anderson-led study finds ribociclib improves progression-free survival for women with metastatic breast cancer
In a randomized, Phase III trial led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, ribociclib, in combination with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole, dramatically improved progression-free survival of post-menopausal women with hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer, compared to the hormone therapy alone.

High-protein diet curbs metabolic benefits of weight loss
Dieters sometimes consume extra protein to stave off hunger and prevent loss of muscle tissue that often comes with weight loss.

New study finds 'amplifier' helps make connections in the fetal brain
Fetal brains use a special amplifier in order to transmit signals, according to new research published in the journal eLife by George Washington University researchers.

Mathematics and music: New perspectives on the connections between these ancient arts
World-leading experts on music and mathematics present insights on the connections between these two ancient arts, especially as they relate to composition and performance, as well as creativity, education, and geometry.

X-ray vision reveals how polymer solar cells wear out
Scientists from the Technical University of Munich have used the accurate X-ray vision provided by DESY's radiation source PETRA III to observe the degradation of plastic solar cells.

Real-time imaging uncovers mTORC1 dynamics
For the first time, researchers at the Babraham Institute have been able to successfully tag a protein in the mTORC1 complex to observe its intracellular movement in real time.

Genome of fiercely protective Fonni's Dog reflects human history of Sardinia
A genomic analysis of 28 dog breeds has traced the history of the remarkable Fonni's Dog, a herd guardian endemic to Sardinia.

Designer brain receptors used in preclinical study to suppress cued cocaine seeking
Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina have used viruses to infect neurons with genes that allow them to switch on brain receptors involved in suppressing addiction relapse.

NASA's Terra Satellite shows strength around Tropical Storm Nicole's center
Strong thunderstorms were evident around Tropical Storm Nicole's center of circulation in imagery from NASA's Terra satellite.

USDA-NIFA announces up to $8.6 million in available funding
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced up to $8.6 million in available funding to assist low-income individuals and communities in developing local and self-reliant food systems.

Global sustainability projects offer hope for the future
Global examples of sustainability projects, which offer a positive future for the environment, have been identified by an international group of researchers including Professor Martin Solan from the University of Southampton.

Chihuahua-sized fossil 'beardogs' shed new light on evolution of dogs and their relatives
Deep in museum collections, paleontologists found forgotten fossil carnivore specimens; upon analysis, they determined that the specimens represented two new genera of beardogs.

NREL releases updated baseline of cost and performance data for electricity generation technologies
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory has released the 2016 Annual Technology Baseline.

Modified cast instead of surgery results in similar functional outcomes for ankle fracture in older adults
Among older adults with an unstable ankle fracture, the use of a modified casting technique known as close contact casting (a molded below-knee cast with minimal padding) resulted in similar functional outcomes at six months compared with surgery, and with fewer wound complications and reduced intervention costs, according to a study appearing in the Oct.

Measles prevention -- how to pull the trigger for vaccination campaigns?
Routine vaccination has greatly reduced measles deaths in recent years, but very high vaccination coverage is needed to prevent disease outbreaks.

Three NREL technologies named as finalists for R&D 100 Awards
Two technologies developed by researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory and a third developed through a collaboration between Wolfspeed, NREL, Toyota, and the University of Arkansas' National Center for Reliable Electric Power Transmission, have been named finalists by R&D Magazine for the coveted 2016 R&D 100 Awards.

University of Rochester scientists exploit cell metabolism to attack cancer
Cancer cells have their own unique way of reproducing, involving a shrewd metabolic reprograming that has been observed in virtually all types of cancer but not in normal cells.

Transplantation with induced neural stem cells improves stroke recovery in mice
In a study using induced neural stem cells (iNSCs - a type of stem cell directly differentiated from somatic cells), to treat mouse models of ischemic stroke, researchers found that iNSCs improved the survival rate, reduced the infarct volume in the brain, and enhanced sensorimotor function.

Diagnosis of cancer as a medical emergency leads to poorer prognosis for many patients
Too many patients -- particularly those from disadvantaged backgrounds -- are being diagnosed with cancer as medical emergencies, say researchers.

Research findings may lead to promising Zika virus drug targets
Following recent outbreaks of Zika virus and the potential health dangers of infection, especially during pregnancy, scientists are striving to rapidly develop effective antiviral drugs that can halt transmission.

New food-ordering formula could lead to less food waste in buffet-style restaurants
Although food waste occurs in all stages of food production, some of the largest losses occur at all-you-care-to-eat, buffet-style facilities.

Astroglia zip the 2 halves of the brain together
Scientists have identified the cellular origins of the corpus callosum, the 200 million nerve fibers that connect the two hemispheres of the brain.

Filming light and electrons coupled together as they travel under cover
In a breakthrough for future optical-electronic hybrid computers, scientists at EPFL have developed an ultrafast technique that can track light and electrons as they travel through a nanostructured surface.

Barrow finds correlation in TBI and concussions
Physicians and researchers at Barrow Neurological Institute have identified a link between domestic violence and traumatic brain injury.

DHA supplementation improves cognition in older adults with mild cognitive impairment
Results from a recent study published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease support the cognitive benefits of DHA, which have been consistently demonstrated with doses of 900 mg/day or greater.

TMAC receives $2.6 million award to transition defense industry companies
TMAC has received a $2.6 million award from the Office of Economic Adjustment to accelerate the profitable growth of small- and mid-sized defense industry companies across the Lone Star State who are facing a shrinking defense budget.

Atomic-scale MRI holds promise for new drug discovery
Researchers at the University of Melbourne have developed a way to radically miniaturize a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine using atomic-scale quantum computer technology.

The fundamentals of working with nature in coastal engineering
Although infinitely diverse and complex in their details, sedimentary coasts nevertheless share many morphological features, which often follow surprisingly simple laws.

UT Southwestern researchers amplify regeneration of spinal nerve cells
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers successfully boosted the regeneration of mature nerve cells in the spinal cords of adult mammals -- an achievement that could one day translate into improved therapies for patients with spinal cord injuries.

TSRI and STSI scientists use 'molecular autopsies' to find clues to sudden death
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and the Scripps Translational Science Institute suggests that 'molecular autopsies' may be valuable in detecting gene mutations responsible for a sudden death.

GVSU, Stanford study: More gender diversity needed in survey questions
A joint study from Grand Valley State University and Stanford University suggests that traditional survey questions does not mirror gender diversity in the world today.

Community outreach may reduce the risk of liver cancer
Trained community partners ensure follow-through on vaccination against hepatitis B virus.

Postmortem genetic testing may help determine cause of death after sudden unexpected death
In a study appearing in the Oct. 11 issue of JAMA, Ali Torkamani, Ph.D., of Scripps Translational Science Institute, La Jolla, Calif., and colleagues report preliminary results from a family-based, postmortem genetic testing study.

Study gives doctors guidance on reproductive coercion
New research finds that men purposely are breaking their own condoms and pressuring female partners in their teens and 20s to go without birth control in order to get them pregnant.

Pediatric clinic tests virtual reality for hemophilia patients during procedures
A virtual reality gaming system specially developed for young patients is making procedures involving needles less painful for children and less stressful for parents.

Former pesticide ingredient found in dolphins, birds and fish
A family of common industrial compounds called perfluoroalkyl substances, which are best known for making carpets stain resistant and cookware non-stick, has been under scrutiny for potentially causing health problems.

BMC, BU Schools of Medicine and Public Health awarded $12.3 million from NIAAA
Researchers from Boston Medical Center, Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health, the University of California at San Francisco and the Vanderbilt University Medical Center have received $12.3 million in grant funding from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

Ancient wingless wasp, now extinct, is one of a kind
Researchers have identified a bizarre, parasitic wasp without wings preserved in 100-million-year-old amber, which seems to borrow parts of its anatomy from a range of other insects but actually belongs to no other family ever identified on Earth.

Symposium to discuss crops grown in semiarid regions
Management alternatives may maintain crop sustainability

Study: Shakespeare play helps children with autism communicate
In an effort to help children with autism socialize more easily and communicate more effectively, researchers are turning to the works of Shakespeare.

Synchronizing optical clocks to one quadrillionth of a second
An international team of researchers, led by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, has advanced their work with synchronizing a remote optical clock with a master clock by exploring what happens to time signals that travel through 12 kilometers (km) of turbulent air.

Use of dietary supplements remains stable in US; multivitamin use decreases
A nationally representative survey indicates that supplement use among US adults remained stable from 1999-2012, with more than half of adults reporting use of supplements, while use of multivitamins decreased during this time period, according to a study appearing in the Oct.

Diabetes opens floodgates to fructose
Fructose is fast-tracked to the liver in diabetic mice. The newly-discovered mechanism explains how fructose builds fat so quickly, contributing to metabolic diseases including obesity.

Sheffield 'FAST-forge' process set to change UK's high value manufacturing industry
Researchers have developed a new concept in high value manufacturing which could lead to a more cost effective and sustainable production process in the aerospace industry.

Sudden blood pressure drops associated with long-term dementia risk
Orthostatic hypotension -- low blood pressure when suddenly standing up -- is associated with a 15 percent increase in a person's long-term risk of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, according to a 24 year study of more than 6,000 people published this week in PLOS Medicine by Arfan Ikram and Frank Wolters from Erasmus Medical Center, the Netherlands, and colleagues.

New molecular mechanism revealed for genetic mutations in aggressive cancer cells
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have described a previously unknown molecular mechanism that could lead to the genetic mutations seen in certain types of aggressive cancer cells, involving a cell's own transcription machinery.

Childhood family environment linked with relationship quality 60 years later
Growing up in a warm family environment in childhood is associated with feeling more secure in romantic relationships in one's 80s, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

'Poring over' DNA
Church's team at Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and the Harvard Medical School developed a new electronic DNA sequencing platform based on biologically engineered nanopores that could help overcome present limitations.

Chaos in cosmos: Stars with three planet-forming discs of gas
A star with a ring of planets orbiting around it - that is the picture we know from our own solar system and from many of the thousands of exoplanets observed in recent years.

Roadmap to get new cancer scans into clinic
A team of international scientists has outlined key recommendations for a global standard for scanning biomarkers in cancer -- to bridge the gap between research and the clinic, according to a new paper published in Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology today.

Inadequate state children's mental health structure hampers chances for improved care
State agencies charged with the treatment of children who have mental health and substance abuse conditions are missing out on opportunities to improve care.

Two grants to fund UTA design, installation of fiber-reinforced concrete pipes under roads
UTA researchers have earned two grants that will install longer-lasting, sturdier fiber-reinforced concrete pipes developed in UTA labs in actual highway projects in Texas and develop the 100-year service life protocol testing criteria for built pipes for Florida.

NREL supercomputing model provides insights from higher wind and solar generation in the eastern power grid
A new study from the United States Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory used high-performance computing capabilities and innovative visualization tools to model, in unprecedented detail, how the power grid of the eastern United States could operationally accommodate higher levels of wind and solar photovoltaic generation.

Livestock donation programs reduce poverty, improve food security and nutrition
Research from U. of I. agricultural economists Peter Goldsmith and Alex Winter-Nelson found that the direct donation of livestock to impoverished communities in rural Africa had numerous positive effects ranging from a reduction in poverty to an increase in gender empowerment.

The 'end of pain': How anesthesia works (video)
Anesthesia now allows tens of thousands of patients every day to avoid the pain and memories of their procedures.

New evidence may explain sex difference in knee injury rates
In studies on rats, Johns Hopkins Medicine scientists report new evidence that the predominance of the hormone testosterone in males may explain why women are up to 10 times more likely than men to injure the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in their knees.

Researchers stretch understanding of skin's limits
Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York have developed a method to measure the limit to which human skin can be stretched, which could lead to a new means to grow skin.

Marconi inspires Rice University design for 1-terabit wireless
Rice University wireless researchers are taking a page from radio inventor Guglielmo Marconi as they embark on a three-year quest to create the first laser-free, wireless system capable of delivering 1 terabit of data per second.

Emission reductions hampered by EU internal policy processes, new research finds
New research published today in the Journal of Transport Geography has found that current policy processes at the European Commission are having a detrimental effect on achieving reductions in harmful greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector.

UNH researchers discover effect of rare solar wind on Earth's radiation belts
Researchers from the University of New Hampshire have captured unique measurements of the Van Allen radiation belts, which circle the Earth, during an extremely rare solar wind event.

Asian American children and youth
By 2050, US Census data indicates that the Asian American population is projected to increase by 79 percent.

Future information technologies: Magnetic monopoles
An international collaboration at BESSY II has discovered a new method to inscribe exotic magnetic patterns such as magnetic monopoles into thin ferromagnetic films.

Treating the inflammation in lymphedema
ETH researchers have discovered that certain cells in the immune system suppress the development of lymphedema.

Stiffening a blow to cancer cells
Wyss scientists have unveiled a new approach -- using tunable 3-D hydrogels -- to analyze how tissue stiffness influences cancer cells' resistance to chemotherapy, which could lead to better personalized cancer treatment plans.

Surprising role of bacterial genes in evolution
Some levels of gene transfer can result in extensive loss of genes and genome reduction.

New research -- fruit fly neurons hold the key to the molecular causes of mental diseases
New research involving the removal and analysis of single neurons from fruit fly (Drosophila) embryos has revealed insights into the causes of mental diseases such as bipolar disease.

Recharging on stable, amorphous silicon
Next-generation anodes for lithium ion batteries will probably no longer be made of graphite.

Combination therapy shows promise in fighting neuroblastoma
A study by a multidisciplinary team of researchers from The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles sheds further light on the role of the cytokine TGFβ1 in the growth of neuroblastoma, and suggests the possibility for a small molecule drug/antibody combinatorial therapy to treat this cancer.

Networking can cut 2 ways for employers, employees
There may be more going on at the office happy hour than you thought.

Astonishingly short mid-infrared pulses offer new tool for peering inside atoms and solids
In a paper that will be presented at the OSA Laser Congress in Boston, Massachusetts, USA, researchers demonstrate a technique for generating phase-stable pulses only 13 femtoseconds long that span mid-IR wavelengths from 2.5 to 9 microns with 33 microjoules of scalable energy.

Exercise beneficial to those with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump
A team of researchers conducting a three-month observational study on two groups of diabetes patients found that type 1 diabetes patients on insulin pumps benefited from engaging in aerobic exercise when compared to similar patients in the study who did not exercise.

Perceived obesity causes lower body satisfaction for women than men
'Owning' an obese body produces significantly lower body satisfaction for females than males, scientists have found.

Mapping free-fall styles of solid objects within fluids
James Clerk Maxwell conducted some of the first documented studies of free-falling objects during the mid-1800s, when the physicist analyzed the tumbling motion of a freely falling plate.

Tiny new fossil crocodile-relative had mammal-like teeth
In the dinosaur-rich fossil beds of Morocco, dated to about 100 million years ago, scientists have discovered a strange new crocodile.

PharmaMar announces positive results from its Phase 2 study with PM1183 in BRCA 1/2 MBC
The data was presented at an oral session at the European Society of Medical Oncology.

New permafrost map shows regions vulnerable to thaw, carbon release
A new mapping project has identified regions worldwide that are most susceptible to dramatic permafrost thaw formations, known as thermokarst, and the resulting release of greenhouse gases.

Brown University researchers develop new ligase for biomedical use
The new heat-stable RNA ligase could be useful for a variety of applications including in vitro diagnostics and sequencing.

Women recruited to run for office don't expect any help
Political scientist Jessica Preece conducted a series of experiments aimed at recruiting more women to run for office.

It pays to go beyond the last word when advertising using Google AdWords
A forthcoming article in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science compares advertising strategies based on last touch and first touch keyword effectiveness metrics and finds that while the return on investment of a last touch strategy is 5 percent more than a first touch strategy, a strategy based on weighting the two metrics improves ROI by another 5 percent.

New platform for roundworms could speed up drug delivery
Engineers at The University of Texas at Austin have developed the first large-scale in vivo drug discovery platform using C. elegans (roundworms) that could speed up scientific research and more accurately assess the effectiveness of new drugs in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's and Huntington's disease.

Dementia study lists everyday factors that may influence risk
Experts at the University of Edinburgh have created a shortlist of environmental factors that may contribute to our risk of developing dementia.

Karin Everschor-Sitte establishes Emmy Noether independent junior research group TWIST
Theoretical physicist Dr. Karin Everschor-Sitte will be setting up an Emmy Noether independent junior research group at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz with the aid of funding from the German Research Foundation.

How to measure oxygen coefficient in complex oxides
The international team of scientists, consisting of chemists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University, has devised a technique, which allows determination of oxidation states of uranium in complex oxides.

New treatment strategy could cut Parkinson's disease off at the pass
Researchers at Johns Hopkins report they have identified a protein that enables a toxic natural aggregate to spread from cell to cell in a mammal's brain -- and a way to block that protein's action.

Discovery and gene therapy treatment of a novel heart failure mechanism
A key protein that causes heart failure has been revealed through new research from a collaboration based in Kumamoto University, Japan.

A new 'king' -- New, gigantic, ancient armored fish discovered
In the Arctic, a team that included scientists from the Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University found fossils of a giant new species of extinct armored fish that they named Bothriolepis rex -- the new king of Bothriolepis.

It's a myth that baby boomers have a stronger work ethic than later generations
There is no truth to the popular belief that members of the so-called baby boomer generation have a greater work ethic than people born a decade or two later.

Calcium supplements may damage the heart
After analyzing 10 years of medical tests on more than 2,700 people in a federally funded heart disease study, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and elsewhere conclude that taking calcium in the form of supplements may raise the risk of plaque buildup in arteries and heart damage, although a diet high in calcium-rich foods appears be protective.

Cicada wings inspire antireflective surfaces
A team of Shanghai Jiao Tong University researchers has used the shape of cicada wings as a template to create antireflective structures fabricated with one of the most intriguing semiconductor materials, titanium dioxide.

How the naked mole-rat escapes inflammatory pain
In injuries and inflammation, naked mole-rats do not develop normal hypersensitivity to temperature stimuli.

Nanoscale confinement leads to new all-inorganic perovskite with exceptional solar cell properties
Scientists with the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the first time discovered how to make perovskite solar cells out of quantum dots and used the new material to convert sunlight to electricity with 10.77 percent efficiency.

A step forward in building functional human tissues
Toward the ultimate goal of engineering human tissues and organs that can mimic native function for use in drug screening, disease modeling, and regenerative medicine, a Wyss Institute team led by Core Faculty member Jennifer Lewis, Sc.D., has made another foundational advance using three-dimensional (3-D) bioprinting.

Uncertainties exist in all research areas
The book serves as an introductory book for researchers in various areas who have been doing research on deterministic dynamical systems and want to introduce stochastic elements into their research.

Pitt Urology Department opens cooperative research center
$7.7 million in funding from the NIH will help investigate important factors involved with BPH and lower urinary tract symptoms.

Elderly patients with unstable ankle fractures could avoid surgery
Elderly patients with unstable ankle fractures could avoid surgery, according to research by a UK team led by Oxford University.

Technique may identify patients with fast-progressing fibrosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Combining multiple non-invasive measures, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine describe a novel method to quantify the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease to its more dangerous and deadly states -- advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis.

Catalyst from the microwave
Lunch out of the microwave usually doesn't taste nearly as good as a meal made in a conventional oven.

The healing effect of fecal microbiota transplantation lasts for long
Fecal microbiota transplantation alters the patient's microbiota highly similar to that of the donor and this change is relatively permanent, shows the recent study from the University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital.

UTA bioengineer earns inaugural Embracing Challenge Award from Materials Today magazine
Kytai Nguyen, a nationally recognized professor of bioengineering at The University of Texas at Arlington who endured many challenges as a young girl in Vietnam and, later, as a woman struggling to graduate from college and begin her career, has been honored with the inaugural Embracing Challenge award by Materials Today magazine.

It takes patience to restore watercourses
A common way to restore Swedish streams previously used for timber-floating has been to return rocks.

NREL report shows US solar photovoltaic costs continuing to fall in 2016
The modeled costs to install solar photovoltaic systems continued to decline in the first quarter of 2016 in the US residential, commercial, and utility-scale sectors, according to updated benchmarks from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Study pinpoints why naked mole rats feel no pain
The African naked mole rat is an odd, homely creature with the closest thing to real-life super powers on earth.

Two Brazilian studies show new discoveries related to Zika virus
A Brazilian study shows that infection of a pregnant woman by Zika virus may represent a risk to the baby's neurological development even when it occurs only a few days before the mother gives birth. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to