Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 12, 2016
Better models needed to predict risk of atrial fibrillation from medical records
In a study published in the journal JAMA Cardiology, Dr.

Tatooine worlds orbiting 2 suns often survive violent escapades of aging stars
Planets that revolve around two suns may surprisingly survive the violent late stages of the stars' lives, according to new research out of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and York University.

Why was the NHS logo not protected during referendum campaigns, asks GP?
The Vote Leave campaign in the UK referendum on membership of the European Union was repeatedly warned by the Department of Health for England not to use the NHS logo ahead of the vote, an article published in The BMJ reveals.

Scripps Florida scientists identify potent new anti-obesity, anti-diabetes target
In a series of studies led by Assistant Professor Anutosh Chakraborty of The Scripps Research Institute Florida campus, scientists have identified a key protein that promotes fat accumulation in animal models by slowing the breakdown and expenditure of fat and encouraging weight gain.

Research to help TBI and stroke patients receives Department of Defense grant
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University and University of Kansas have received a $1.65 million Department of Defense grant to continue developing a a brain-machine-brain interface that has proven successful in restoring motor function in rat models of TBI.

Academic 'gender gap' similar in US, India
Academically talented girls in the United States are narrowing the gap with their male counterparts in math achievement, and surpass boys in language performance, according to new research from the Duke Talent Identification Program (TIP).

How this Martian moon became the 'Death Star'
For the first time, physicists at LLNL have demonstrated how an asteroid or comet impact could have created Stickney crater without destroying Phobos completely.

People with bipolar disorder more than twice as likely to have suffered child adversity
A University of Manchester study which looked at more than thirty years of research into bipolar, found that people with the disorder are 2.63 times more likely to have suffered emotional, physical or sexual abuse as children than the general population.

Targeting fat to treat cancer
Salk Institute researchers and collaborators develop novel cancer treatment that halts fat synthesis in cells, stunting tumors.

MGH team identifies possible mechanism for resistance to antiangiogenesis therapy
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have identified a potential mechanism behind the resistance that inevitably develops to cancer treatment with a combination of chemotherapy and antiangiogenic drugs.

Post-breastfeeding tissue remodeling explained by new research
A groundbreaking study into the changes that occur in a woman's breast, from growing into one that provides milk for a newborn, and then back to its normal state, has discovered that milk-producing cells are, in effect, cannibalized by other cells following the period of breastfeeding.

Snow could reduce need for air conditioning
A recent UBC study shows that snow cleared from winter roads can help reduce summer air-conditioning bills.

Test improves detection of proteins in starch; aids in 'gluten-free' labeling
For people with celiac disease, wheat allergies or gluten sensitivity, the options for gluten-free foods are growing.

Who are you calling a good liberal?
Republicans embrace the conservative label more enthusiastically than Democrats are willing to self-identify as liberals, according to a new study by Jacob Neiheisel, an assistant professor in the University at Buffalo's Department of Political Science.

Procedure to fix aortic aneurysm associated with increased long-term mortality risk
A minimally invasive procedure to fix a life-threatening condition may be associated with an increase in long-term complications, compared to an alternative procedure.

Visual cortex plays role in plasticity of eye movement reflex
By peering into the eyes of mice and tracking their ocular movements, researchers made an unexpected discovery: the visual cortex -- a region of the brain known to process sensory information -- plays a key role in promoting the plasticity of innate, spontaneous eye movements.

Study shows lads' mags make sexist jokes seem less hostile
Results of three new studies into the link between lads' mags and sexism are published in Psychology of Men and Masculinities.

Frailty in older surgery patients may be under recognized
Identifying frailty in older patients could increase their chances of surviving surgery, as well as improve their overall outcomes, according to a new study posted online today in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery

Clodagh O'Shea named HHMI Faculty Scholar for work in designing synthetic viruses
Salk scientist among first award recipients of new partnership between HHMI, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Simons Foundation.

Clinical trial confirms GP-prescribed treatments are effective for women with heavy periods
The largest and longest running clinical trial of medical therapies for heavy periods has found that women can be greatly helped by having treatments just from their GP, with most avoiding hospital operations.

Researchers discover extensive mislabeling of gene expression samples
At least 1 in 3 gene expression studies contain mislabeled samples, according to a new study published in F1000Research.

Preschoolers' motor skill development connected to school readiness
Preschoolers' fine and gross motor skill development is indicative of later performance on two key measures of kindergarten readiness, according to a study published today by researchers from Oregon State University.

Hypothyroidism symptoms linger despite medication use, normal blood tests
Research conducted at Rush published in JCEM found that individuals on levothyroxine who had normal TSH levels were significantly more likely to be taking antidepressants than peers with normal thyroid function, and were also less physically active, suggesting lower energy levels, and weighed about 10 pounds more than peers of the same height even though they consumed fewer calories, after adjustments for body weight.

The Sun's coronal tail wags its photospheric dog
A team of NJIT scientists claims that solar flares have a powerful impact on sunspots, the visible concentrations of magnetic fields on the Sun's surface, or photosphere.

The Milky Way's ancient heart
Ancient stars, of a type known as RR Lyrae, have been discovered in the center of the Milky Way for the first time, using ESO's infrared VISTA telescope.

Modern roof shapes tested against big blows
New homes are increasingly being built with unusual roof shapes, and new research by James Cook University reveals the potential for some new designs to lose roof cladding if houses aren't well maintained or have minor construction defects.

Environmentally friendly invention may save soybean industry millions of dollars per year
Harold N. Trick, professor of plant pathology; Timothy C. Todd, instructor of plant pathology; and Jiarui Li, post-doctoral researcher in plant pathology, designed a patented soybean variety that protects the crop from nematode parasitic infestation.

Miriam first in New England to do completely laparoscopic robotic-assisted surgery for bladder cancer
The Minimally Invasive Urology Institute at the Miriam Hospital is now performing a completely laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of bladder cancer.

Dysfunction in neuronal transport mechanism linked to Alzheimer's disease
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have confirmed that mutation-caused dysfunction in a process cells use to transport molecules within the cell plays a previously suspected but underappreciated role in promoting the heritable form of Alzheimer's disease, but also one that might be remedied with existing therapeutic enzyme inhibitors.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the Oct. 12 issue
Check out these newsworthy studies from the Oct. 12, 2016, issue of JNeurosci.

Invasive plants dye woodpeckers red
An ornithological mystery has been solved! Puzzling red feathers have been popping up in eastern North America's 'yellow-shafted' population of Northern Flickers, but they aren't due to genes borrowed from their 'red-shafted' cousins to the west, according to a new study in The Auk: Ornithological Advances.

AGU Fall Meeting: Abstracts and sessions now online; book hotels by Nov. 16
Discover the latest Earth and space science news at the 49th annual AGU Fall Meeting this December, when about 24,000 attendees from around the globe are expected to assemble for the largest worldwide conference in the Earth and space sciences.

Vitamins A and C help erase cell memory
Vitamins A and C aren't just good for your health, they affect your DNA too.

Study documents staggering loss of wildlife following Amazon 'Rubber Boom'
Researchers for the first time have documented the killing of millions of animals in Brazil's Amazon Basin for their hides following the collapse of the Rubber Boom in the 20th century, causing the collapse of some aquatic species.

Diagnostics of the future: New polymer warns of dangerous kidney disease
The advanced phase of acute kidney injury can be fatal in even one in two patients.

NASA gets an eye-opening image of Typhoon Songda becoming extra-tropical
It was an eye-opening event when NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Typhoon Songda early on Oct 12.

Oldest known squawk box suggests dinosaurs likely did not sing
The oldest known vocal organ of a bird has been found in an Antarctic fossil of a relative of ducks and geese that lived more than 66 million years ago during the age of dinosaurs.

Eating may trigger bacterial therapy
Synthetic bacteria that live in the gastrointestinal system could be triggered by food to produce drugs at the point of need to treat diseases.

High folate intake linked with nerve-damage risk in older adults with common gene variant
High folate (vitamin B9) intake is associated with increased risk for a nerve-damage disorder in older adults who have a common genetic variation linked to reduced cellular vitamin B12 availability.

Purdue scientists have bright idea for detecting harmful bacteria in food products
Scientists looking for traces of E. coli O157:H7 contamination in foods soon could have a new detection method on their hands -- turning off the lights to see if the bacteria glow in the dark.

Data on Parkinson's disease therapy CVT-301 published in Science Translational Medicine
CVT-301 is an investigational agent being developed as a self-administered, inhaled levodopa therapy for the treatment of OFF periods in Parkinson's disease.

Springer Nature merges Major Reference Works portfolios of Palgrave Macmillan and Springer
Springer Nature has merged the major reference programs from Palgrave Macmillan and Springer to form a complementary, comprehensive Major Reference Works (MRW) program.

People can simultaneously give a hand to endangered apes and stay at safe distance
Primates claim the highest proportion of endangered species among mammals, according to the IUCN Red List.

Waterloo-led experiment achieves the strongest coupling between light and matter
Researchers at the University of Waterloo's Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) recorded an interaction between light and matter 10 times larger than previously seen.

Modeling floods that formed canyons on Earth and Mars
Geomorphologists who study Earth's surface features and processes that formed them have long been interested in how floods, in particular catastrophic outbursts that occur when a glacial lake ice dam bursts, can change a planet's surface, not only on Earth but on Mars.

IIVS releases training video to replace animals in testing
Funded by a grant from the European Partnership for Alternative Approaches to Animal Testing, the Institute for In Vitro Sciences, Inc. has released a technical training video that describes a cell-based in vitro method for assessing phototoxicity -- the potential for chemicals to cause damage after being exposed to light.

Salty snow could affect air pollution in the Arctic
In pictures, the Arctic appears pristine and timeless with its barren lands and icy landscape.

Nature: No single protein determines queen development in honeybees
The proteins in the larval food of honeybees are not specific determinators to make the larvae grow into queens -- that includes the protein royalactin, which had been previously claimed to be the 'queen determinator' in a highly regarded study in 2011.

What do Americans fear? Chapman University's 3rd Annual Survey of American Fears released
Chapman University recently completed its third annual Chapman University Survey of American Fears (2016).

Research will explore new therapies for Huntington's disease
A new award from the CHDI Foundation will advance promising research that aims to slow the progression of Huntington's disease.

UTA partners with Apache Corp. for baseline water quality study in Alpine High area
Chemists from the University of Texas at Arlington have partnered with Apache Corporation to conduct a baseline water quality study of groundwater and surface water in the newly discovered Alpine High resource play in West Texas.

Why do some STEM fields have fewer women than others? UW study may have the answer
A new University of Washington study is among the first to look at why women are more represented in some STEM fields than others.

Fruit fly model of deadly brain diseases could lead to blood test for vCJD
A new model of fatal brain diseases is being developed in the fruit fly by a team led by Dr.

A comprehensive analysis of drug repurposing workflows published by Insilico Medicine
An international group of expert scientists led by Insilico Medicine published a paper, 'Design of efficient computational workflows for in silico drug repurposing' in one of the most prestigious journals in the field, 'Drug Discovery Today'.

Updated AABB guidelines for when to perform red blood cell transfusion, optimal length of RBC storage
In a report published online by JAMA, Jeffrey L. Carson, M.D., of Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, N.J., and colleagues provide recommendations for the AABB (previously known as the American Association of Blood Banks) for the target hemoglobin level for red blood cell (RBC) transfusion among hospitalized adult patients who are hemodynamically stable and the length of time RBCs should be stored prior to transfusion.

Smokeless tobacco product snus may increase risk of death among prostate cancer patients
The smokeless tobacco product snus, used mainly in Sweden but sold in the US, may increase the risk that men with prostate cancer will die from their disease, and the risk that they'll die prematurely from any cause, according to a new study led by researchers at Harvard T.H.

Diversity as natural pesticide
Monoculture crops provide the nutrient levels insect pests crave, explains a study led by the University of California, Davis, in the journal Nature. Returning plant diversity to farmland could be a key step toward sustainable pest control.

Brain receptor identified as link between obese mothers and children's high blood pressure
Exposure of babies to high levels of the 'fullness' hormone, leptin, in the womb irreversibly activates receptors in the brain that regulate blood pressure, according to a new study by researchers from King's College London, part-funded by the British Heart Foundation.

Jellyfish help scientists to fight food fraud
Animals feeding at sea inherit a chemical record reflecting the area where they fed, which can help track their movements, according to a new study by scientists from the University of Southampton.

Virginia Tech: Climate change may help Ethiopia, increase the country's access to water
The research team used a suite of climate and hydrologic models to predict the impact of climate change on water availability and sediment transport in the Blue Nile.

Smarter lunchrooms innovators
School food service directors are the gatekeepers of child nutrition for over 30 million students nationwide, thus having a tremendous opportunity to help instill healthy eating habits among our youth through the no-cost or low-cost changes championed by the Smarter Lunchrooms Movement.

People with autism more likely to 'follow their heads and not their hearts'
Scientists at King's College London have shown why people with autism are more logical in their decision-making and less susceptible to the so-called 'framing effect' compared to people who do not have the disorder.

Strathclyde plays role in tackling toxic threat on US Pacific coast
A toxic threat to the seafood industry and recreational shellfishing in the Pacific Northwest of the USA is to be tackled in a project involving the University of Strathclyde.

Australian engineer takes out inaugural global prize for quantum computing
Leading Australian engineer and physicist, Professor Andrea Morello, was today named inaugural recipient of the Rolf Landauer and Charles H.

New study reveals how scientists use social media
A new study published in the international journal PLOS One today reveals how scientists use Twitter to communicate.

Clinical trial investigates new treatment for systolic heart failure patients
The academic partners in the VerICiguaT GlObal Study in Subjects with Heart Failure with Reduced EjectIon FrAction (VICTORIA) are pleased to announce that patient enrollment has begun.

Exposure to SSRIs during pregnancy associated with increased risk of speech/language disorders
The children of mothers who had depression-related psychiatric disorders and purchased selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) at least twice when they were pregnant had an increased risk for speech/language disorders but further studies are needed before conclusions can be drawn about possible clinical implications, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

A common nerve protein elevated in aggressive neuroblastomas
A protein produced by nerve cells appears to be elevated in the blood of those with an aggressive form of neuroblastoma.

Cannabis excess linked to bone disease and fractures, study finds
People who regularly smoke large amounts of cannabis have reduced bone density and are more prone to fractures, research from the University of Edinburgh has found.

Fractional order modeling may reduce electric car drivers' anxiety
Although research on larger batteries is needed to further test the model, the initial results look promising.

RI Hospital receives $500,000 CDC grant to research new approach for combating antibiotic resistance
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has awarded a $519,344 grant to Rhode Island Hospital to study the microbiome (bacteria that inhabit the body) of patients exposed to antibiotics to predict which are at most risk of acquiring multidrug-resistant bacteria.

Many adolescent girls with leukemia are not being screened for pregnancy before beginning chemotherapy
A new study indicates that adolescent females with acute leukemia have low rates of pregnancy screening prior to receiving chemotherapy that can cause birth defects.

Toyota supports Kew's vital research into threatened plant species
Toyota is supporting vital research into the world's most threatened plant species at a dedicated research unit just opened at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK.

Significant deforestation in Brazilian Amazon goes undetected, study finds
A new study finds that close to 9,000 square kilometers of Amazon forest was cleared from 2008 to 2012 without detection by the official government monitoring system.

Study finds Ebola treatment ZMapp holds promise, although results not definitive
A clinical trial to evaluate the experimental Ebola treatment ZMapp found it to be safe and well-tolerated; however, because of the waning Ebola epidemic, the study enrolled too few people to determine definitively whether it is a better treatment for Ebola virus disease than the best available standard of care alone.

Diabetes: new hope for better wound healing
Sluggish insulin metabolism results in slow and incomplete healing of injuries.

Getting maximum profit, minimal pollution
In a new study, researchers at the USDA-Agricultural Research Service have calculated how much chicken litter farmers need to apply to cotton crops to maximize profits.

Geospatial knowledge-based verification and improvement of GlobeLand30
Assuring the quality of land-cover data product is one of the major challenges for large-area mapping projects.

Study examines cancer rates among World Trade Center-exposed firefighters
Researchers found no overall increase in cancer risk among World Trade Center-exposed firefighters following the 9/11 attacks compared with other firefighters from several US cities.

Changing attitudes on genital cutting through entertainment
Female genital cutting constitutes a serious health risk for millions of girls and women.

How long should children play video games?
A new study indicates that playing video games for a limited amount of time each week may provide benefits to children, but too much can be detrimental.

Latino teens who care for others reap academic benefits
A new study from the University of Missouri, found that Mexican-American youth who exhibit more prosocial behaviors, such as empathy and caring toward others, are more likely to demonstrate better academic performance later in adolescence.

Expert panel issues updated guidelines for red blood cell storage time and transfusion use
For most stable hospitalized patients, transfusions of red blood cells stored for any time point within their licensed dating period -- so-called standard issue -- are as safe as transfusions with blood stored 10 days or less, or 'fresh,' according to updated clinical guidelines issued by an expert panel convened by a national organization that has long set standards for blood banking and transfusion practices.

Ultra-thin ferroelectric material for next-generation electronics
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have demonstrated the potential of a new, thin-film ferroelectric material that could improve the performance of next-generation sensors and semi-conductors.

Study finds variable accuracy of wrist-worn heart rate monitors
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Marc Gillinov, M.D., of the Cleveland Clinic, and colleagues assessed the accuracy of four popular wrist-worn heart rate monitors under conditions of varying physical exertion.

Moms more likely than dads to favor both school diversity and neighborhood schools
In the first empirical study on gender and school assignment, researchers find that mothers are more likely than fathers to favor both school diversity and so-called neighborhood schools.

EARTH: Humans, megafauna coexisted in Patagonia before extinction
As we celebrate National Fossil Day, EARTH Magazine brings you a story set in Pleistocene South America, and was home to large megafauna species like giant sloths and saber-toothed cats.

Solar-Tectic LLC receives the Frost & Sullivan Technology Innovation Award for 2016
Solar-Tectic LLC announced today that it has received the Frost & Sullivan Technology Innovation Award for 2016.

Swiss employees do not hold back on cynical behavior
Every fourth employee regards promises made by the company they work for as having been broken and every third is not satisfied with their relationship to their superior and with their co-workers.

RIT/NTID awarded $443,000 National Science Foundation grant for educational training
Rochester Institute of Technology's National Technical Institute for the Deaf has been awarded a $443,200 grant from the National Science Foundation to provide additional training for faculty in science, technology, engineering and math disciplines who teach classes in which deaf, hard-of-hearing and hearing students are present.

NASA sees large eye in Hurricane Nicole
Hurricane Nicole continues to strengthen as it heads toward Bermuda and a satellite image showed the storm's large eye.

Blue tit migration decisions may be governed by energy needs and environment
Blue tit feeding and exploratory behavior during migration may be driven by their need for energy and environmental information, according to a study published Oct.

In the fight against Alzheimer's, online gamers can now get in on the action
The researchers behind a new online game are inviting members of the public to look under a virtual microscope and contribute directly to Alzheimer's disease research at Cornell University.

A stem cell gene found to command skeletal muscle regeneration
Prox1 gene has long been known to play an important role in fetal development.

Antidepressants during pregnancy associated with childhood language disorders
Mothers who purchased antidepressants at least twice during pregnancy had a 37 percent increased risk of speech and/or language disorders among their offspring compared to mothers with depression and other psychiatric disorders who were not treated with antidepressants, according to new research by scientists at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University Medical Center and the New York State Psychiatric Institute.

How protein fragments associated with Alzheimer's could trigger Parkinson's
Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases are different neurodegenerative conditions that can sometimes affect the same person, which has led scientists to investigate possible links between the two.

Indigenous group add to evidence tying cesarean birth to obesity
A Purdue University study of an indigenous group of Maya people reinforces the link between Cesarean births and obesity.

Unvaccinated adults cost the US more than $7 billion a year
Vaccine-preventable diseases among adults cost the US economy $8.95 billion in 2015, and unvaccinated individuals are responsible for 80 percent, or $7.1 billion, of the tab, according to the most comprehensive analysis to date from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

NASA spots newly developed Tropical Depression 24W, east of Philippines
NASA's Aqua satellite flew over the northwestern Pacific Ocean as Tropical Depression 24W formed and analyzed the storm in infrared light.

MS drug may reverse some physical disability
A drug used to treat multiple sclerosis, alemtuzumab, was found to reverse some of the physical disability caused by the disease, according to new research published in the Oct.

Smartphone app could be used to test for potentially fatal irregular heart rate
A smartphone app, combined with a hand-held wireless single lead heart monitor, could feasibly be used to test for irregular heart rate, a potentially fatal condition known as atrial fibrillation or AF for short, suggests research published online in the journal Heart.

University of Tennessee professor studies drug website risk warnings
Do you take time to read the risk warnings on drug websites before you take the drug?

Understanding how plants withstand harsh conditions remains major research challenge
Understanding how plants sense and cope with harsh conditions such as drought, too much salt in the soil or extreme temperatures could help researchers develop tougher crops -- an essential step to improving agricultural productivity, environmental sustainability and global food security.

Wind turbines killing more than just local birds, study finds
Wind turbines are known to kill large birds, such as golden eagles, that live nearby.

Efficiency plus versatility
A re-engineering of polymer brush patterning promises to cut down processing time while adding versatility in design.

Sensory response to environmental stimuli modulated by form of vitamin B3 in worms
Too much of a form of vitamin B3 that is produced naturally in cells can cause behavioral changes in a laboratory worm, new studies show.

New treatment approach for leukemia renders cancer genes powerless
In leukemia cells it is often the case that genes are reactivated that, in physiological terms, mediate the self-renewal of blood stem cells.

Soybean nitrogen breakthrough could help feed the world
Washington State University biologist Mechthild Tegeder has developed a way to dramatically increase the yield and quality of soybeans.

Real-time, observable MRI delivery updated to improve stem cell therapy for Parkinson's
Using real-time intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (RT-IMRI) to guide transplantation of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived neurons (stem cells generated directly from adult cells) into the brains of non-human primates modeled with Parkinson's disease, researchers found that RT-IMRI guidance allows for better visualization and monitoring of the procedure, helps cell survival, can prevent clogging during cell delivery, and also prevents exposure to air during the procedure, all adding to the procedure's efficacy and safety.

Plant diversity could provide natural repellent for crop pests
A new study has unveiled why a field with a variety of plants seems to attract fewer plant-eating insects than farm land with just one type of crop.

Critical Materials Institute announces partnership with Rio Tinto
The Critical Materials Institute (CMI) -- a US Department of Energy Innovation Hub led by the Ames Laboratory 0- announced today an important new research initiative in partnership with Rio Tinto, a mining and metals company.

Two tales of a city to understand sustainability
Just as there are two sides to every story, sustainability challenges have at least two stories to reach every solution.

RTI International to study opioid prevention and treatment policies in Appalachian states
RTI International, in partnership with the University of Kentucky, has been awarded funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the Appalachian Regional Commission to explore how Appalachian states are addressing the opioid crisis in their communities with the intent of developing evidence-based recommendations for improving services and policies.

Mayo Clinic and Massachusetts Institute of Technology receive grant
Mayo Clinic and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have been awarded a five-year, $9.7 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to support a Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (PS-OC).

Soft robots that mimic human muscles
An EPFL team is developing soft, flexible and reconfigurable robots.

Clinical trial to use heart-derived stem cells to restore heart tissue, function
In an article outlining the methodology for an upcoming clinical trial, a multi-center team of researchers discuss the therapeutic potential and logistics of using a cluster of cardiac cells, including stem cells, called 'cardiosphere-derived cells' (CDCs) for myocardial infarction (MI -- commonly referred to as heart attack).

Indoor tanning associated with poor outdoor sun protection practices
Adults who frequently tanned indoors -- a practice associated with an increased risk for melanoma -- also practiced poor outdoor sun protection practices and were not more likely to undergo skin cancer screening, according to a new study published online by JAMA Dermatology.

Symposium addresses the science of the rhizosphere
Understanding root zone-soil interaction is key to increasing sustainability.

New findings published in Nature challenge current view of how pancreatic cancer develops
Researchers in the multidisciplinary PanCuRx research initiative at the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR) and University Health Network's Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, led by Dr.

Nano-spike catalysts convert carbon dioxide directly into ethanol
In a new twist to waste-to-fuel technology, scientists have developed an electrochemical process that uses tiny spikes of carbon and copper to turn carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, into ethanol.

Still wary of heparin from China, US considers options
China's appetite for pigs fills dinner plates, but it also fills half the world's orders for heparin, an anticoagulant made from the animals' intestines.

Plugged-in parenting: How parental smartphone use may affect kids
As smartphones and tablets blur lines between work, home and social lives, parents are grappling to balance it all, a new small study suggests.

Just give me some privacy
Not everyone who strives to navigate the internet without being tracked is up to no good.

Framing spatial tasks as social eliminates gender differences
Women underperform on spatial tests when they don't expect to do as well as men, but framing the tests as social tasks eliminates the gender gap in performance, according to new findings published in Psychological Science.

Moms and dads of kids with food allergies think they're allergic too
A study in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology reports only 28 percent of parents of kids with food allergies tested positive to the foods to which they reported allergies.

Much of social inequality in heart disease in UK women is due to health-related behaviors
Women with lower levels of education and living in more deprived areas of the UK are at greater risk of coronary heart disease, and this is largely due to smoking, obesity and physical inactivity, according to a study of over a million women published in the open-access journal BMC Medicine.

Keystone Symposia kicks off 2016-2017 series with Global Health Vaccines Conference in UK
Keystone Symposia will convene the first conference of its 2016-2017 season and the first in its 2016-17 Global Health Series -- on 'Translational Vaccinology for Global Health' -- at the Park Plaza Riverbank in London, UK, Oct.

Study reveals corals' influence on reef microbes
As they grow, corals are bathed in a sea of marine microbes, such as bacteria, algae, and viruses.

Shelter dogs that rest more during the day may show signs of improved welfare
Shelter dogs that rest more during the day may show signs of improved welfare, according to a study published Oct.

New guidelines for life-saving blood transfusions based on Rutgers research
New AABB guidelines, published by The Journal of the American Medical Association, were developed after Jeffrey L.

Genome engineering paves the way for sickle cell cure
UC Berkeley, UCSF and University of Utah researchers used CRISPR-Cas9 to repair the sickle cell mutation in stem cells from the blood of patients at a level that may be sufficient to relieve symptoms.

NIFA invests $1.4 million in health and safety education for rural communities
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $1.4 million in grants to enhance the quality of life for citizens in rural areas through the Rural Health and Safety Education competitive (RHSE) grants program.

Fighting pain through knowledge about sensory organs in the fingertips
Jianguo Gu has unraveled how sensory information that is processed in the Merkel discs in fingertips is conveyed to the ending of a sensory nerve, the start of its journey to the brain.

Penn's 11th Annual Translational Medicine Symposium
The University of Pennsylvania's Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics' (ITMAT) 11th Annual International Symposium will cover precision medicine research in academic medical centers and biotech.

Next-generation thermoelectrics
With Department of Energy funding, UCSB engineers explore and expand the thermoelectric power of polymers.

Coastal spider ancestors may have dispersed eastward across Southern Hemisphere oceans
Coastal spiders may have undergone transoceanic dispersal eastward from South America to South Africa, Australia and New Zealand as the Amaurobioides genus evolved, according to a study published Oct.

UVA scientists create novel imaging technique with potential for medical diagnostics
A unique new imaging method, called 'polarized nuclear imaging' -- combining powerful aspects of both magnetic resonance imaging and gamma-ray imaging and developed by two physicists in the University of Virginia's departments of Physics and Radiology -- has potential for new types of high-resolution medical diagnostics as well as industrial and physics research applications.

Private top-up insurance could help pay for the NHS, argues expert
Private top-up insurance could help prevent the declining healthcare standards in the NHS, argues Christopher Smallwood, an economist and former chair of Kingston Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, and St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.

Strenuous exercise is unlikely to prolong labor or boost risk of premature birth
Strenuous exercise during pregnancy is unlikely to prolong labor or boost the risk of premature birth, says a consensus statement from the International Olympic Committee, published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 65th Annual Meeting
Scientists are working to develop a new arsenal of interventions to address an assortment of new and re-emerging infectious disease threats. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to