Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 13, 2016
It's time to consider propranolol as an anti-cancer drug, researchers say
Propranolol, a beta-blocker commonly prescribed to treat irregular heart rates and other conditions, has significant anti-cancer properties, say researchers in a new clinical study published in ecancermedicalscience.

Henry Ford leads 7-state research consortium awarded precision medicine funding
The National Institutes of Health announced today that Henry Ford Health System is leading a five-member research consortium to expand the geographic reach and diversity of the NIH's Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort Program.

UofT study finds 1 in 5 children who might benefit from pediatric palliative care do not
The University of Toronto's Faculty of Nursing today announced that only 18 percent of children with life-threatening conditions access specialized pediatric palliative care in Canada, a 13 percent increase since 2002.

Health policy expert to study electronic sharing of health information in primary care
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality has awarded a grant to a health and policy management expert at the Richard M.

A first glimpse into disc shedding in the human eye
This glimpse into the inner workings of the eye will help scientists better understand, prevent and manage major eye diseases that affect photoreceptors like age-related macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa.

Study finds link between marriage attitudes and risky sexual behaviors
New research from the University of Missouri, has found that attitudes and desires about marriage can place young people on trajectories toward or away from healthy sexual behaviors.

Huddersfield railway researchers win top IMechE award
Research that could lead to big efficiency gains and cost savings for rail vehicle manufacturers has earned University of Huddersfield experts a share in a prestigious award that commemorates one of Britain's most famous engineers.

Research to evaluate treatment strategies for perinatal brain injury
Perinatal brain injury often results in severe developmental disabilities, including neurodevelopmental delay and cerebral palsy.

New research increases understanding of Duchenne muscular dystrophy
A new paper, co-written by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York, increases the understanding of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) -- one of the most common lethal genetic disorders -- and points to potential therapeutic approaches.

UA uses big data to solve bus woes in Brazil
Fortaleza, Brazil's fifth-largest city, struggles with bus delays and overcrowding.

International 15-year study shows most dominant HIV subtype is also 'wimpiest'
An international study 15 years in the making has shown that it's 'survival of the wimpiest' among subtypes and strains when it comes to understanding the spread of HIV/AIDS around the world, a virus that has killed an estimated 35 million people since the 1970s.

MINOS and Daya Bay join forces to narrow the window on sterile neutrinos
MINOS has made world-leading measurements to study how these neutrinos disappear as they travel between the two detectors.

Hormone identified that limits liver fibrosis
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis has been emerging worldwide and effective treatment, especially for liver fibrosis, is essential for improving the prognosis.

In a first, brain computer interface helps paralyzed man feel again
For the first time ever researchers at Pitt and UPMC have demonstrated a mind-controlled robotic arm that helps a paralyzed man feel again.

That jumping spider can hear you from across the room
According to the standard textbooks, spiders are acutely sensitive to airborne vibrations from nearby sources.

Germs in wastewater often become airborne
Using household wastewater to irrigate food crops in drought-stricken or arid regions isn't the perfect solution.

Dense molecular gas disks drive the growth of supermassive black holes
A joint team of University of Tokyo researchers and their collaborators, using ALMA and other telescopes that utilize radio waves for space observation, revealed that dense molecular gas disks a few hundred light years in scale located at the centers of galaxies supply gas to supermassive black holes situated within them.

Common prostate cancer treatment linked to later dementia, Stanford researcher says
A new retrospective study of the health records of prostate cancer patients supports an association between androgen deprivation therapy and future risk of dementia.

Extraterrestrial impact preceded ancient global warming event
A comet strike may have triggered the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, a rapid warming of the Earth caused by an accumulation of atmospheric carbon dioxide 56 million years ago, which offers analogs to global warming today.

NASA-NOAA satellite sees rebirth of Aere the zombie storm
Tropical Cyclones sometimes reform after the become remnant low pressure areas, but it's not all that common.

Tomoyasu Mani wins 2016 Blavatnik Regional Award for Young Scientists
Mani is being recognized for his work at Brookhaven Lab to understand the physical processes occurring in organic materials used to harness solar energy.

Technology may aid at-home heart attack diagnosis, patient monitoring
Bioengineers at the University of Texas at Dallas have developed a flexible, mechanically stable, disposable sensor for monitoring proteins circulating in the blood that are released from damaged heart muscle cells at the onset of a heart attack.

Cochrane Review: Conclusions about the effects of electronic cigarettes remain the same
An updated Cochrane Review recently published provides an independent, rigorous assessment of the best available evidence to date about electronic cigarettes for quitting smoking.

Scientists at NIH and Emory achieve sustained SIV remission in monkeys
Scientists at NIH and Emory University have experimentally induced sustained remission of SIV, the simian form of HIV, in infected monkeys.

Want to optimize those 10,000 (or fewer) steps? Walk faster, sit less
That popular daily target of 10,000 steps is a worthwhile goal, but a new study suggests that if you find that unattainable, don't despair -- a smaller number, especially at moderate or greater intensity, can lead to health benefits too.

The connection between child marriage and domestic violence
A new study published in the International Journal of Epidemiology indicates that women across 34 countries are at increased risk for domestic violence if they marry before age 15.

Scientists develop an 'app' that measures a tree's leaves' exposure to sunlight
The application Ahmes (whose name pays homage to the Ahmes Papyrus, also known as Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, written during the reign of Apophis I), developed by a group of Spanish scientists, measures the angle of a tree's leaves and calculates their position with respect to the sun.

NASA sees Tropical Depression 24W moving toward Philippines
Tropical Depression 24W formed on Oct. 12 and continued to move west toward the Philippines on Oct.

New data from national violent death reporting system shed light on law enforcement officer deaths, their use of lethal force
Violence-related deaths, including homicides and suicides, are an urgent public health problem, according to Alex E.

Endocrine Society experts issue clinical practice guideline on hypopituitarism
The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline that recommends treating insufficient hormone levels in individuals with hypopituitarism by replacing hormones at levels as close to the body's natural patterns as possible.

Traffic light colors increase sensitivity to health
Which products end up in your shopping basket? If the packaging information also features food traffic light colors, fewer products are chosen purely based on taste and more based on health aspects compared with nutritional information purely in percentages and grams.

Mental health matters
UCSB researchers study the effectiveness of an innovative program designed to help youth learn about mental health.

Research shows how brain tumor's greed for cholesterol may be exploited for cancer therapy
A Ludwig Cancer Research study has identified a metabolic vulnerability in the aggressive and incurable brain cancer glioblastoma (GBM) and shown how it can potentially be exploited for therapy.

UTSA researchers work to create smart buildings that can actively talk to smart grids
Bing Dong, assistant professor of mechanical engineering, at the University of Texas at San Antonio, has received a $173,420 grant from the National Science Foundation to support his top-tier research in the development of smart cities.

Barnacle busting: ONR-sponsored research targets ship biofouling
To deal with ship biofouling, the Office of Naval Research is sponsoring work to create materials that can help barnacle-fighting coatings stick to metal hulls better and longer; retain moisture and not dry out; and avoid the use of toxic chemicals and other pollutants.

Migration routes hold key to bird flu spread, global study finds
Monitoring the migration routes of wild birds could help to provide early warning of potential bird flu outbreaks, experts say.

Trek-inspired enterprise
After six television series, thirteen movies, and 50 years, 2016 is the year to celebrate the golden anniversary of the Star Trek challenge to, 'Go where no man has gone before.' Scientist and author Mark E.

Changing the consequences of national trauma
New research led by social psychologist Bernhard Leidner at the University of Massachusetts Amherst will look at the consequences of violent trauma for groups and nations and investigate what victims and perpetrators can learn from it to avoid future trauma and conflict.

The Lancet: China's recent two-child policy unlikely to lead to short-term population boom, according to new predictions
China's recently introduced universal two-child policy is predicted to have a relatively small effect on population growth, with a likely peak of 1.45 billion in 2029, compared to 1.4 billion in 2023 if the one-child policy had continued, according to academics writing in The Lancet.

UT Dallas researchers examine construction accidents in Gulf region
Inadequate training, limited use of safety equipment and a lack of government oversight contribute to deaths and injuries among construction workers in the rapidly developing Arabian Gulf region, also known as the Persian Gulf, a UT Dallas study found.

A food secure 2030: Symposium
Symposium summarizes USAID's Feed the Future gains, goals.

Role of pathogens vastly underestimated in deadly childhood diarrhea, study finds
New research offers unprecedented insights into the causes of childhood diarrhea, the second-leading cause of death of children worldwide, and suggests that the role of pathogens such as bacteria, viruses and parasites has been vastly underestimated.

Forest scholars worldwide team up to show that biodiversity is green in more ways than one
Loss of biodiversity has long been recognized as detrimental for nature, for nature's sake.

IUPUI physicist is advancing knowledge of communication within cells and molecular motors
Steve Pressé, assistant professor of physics in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, has received a $1 million NSF CAREER award and a $360,000 grant from the Department of Defense Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative, administrated by the Army Research Office.

Xi Chen named 2016 Blavatnik Regional Award finalist
Xi Chen, Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering with the City University of New York's Advanced Science Research Center has been named a 2016 Blavatnik Regional Award Finalist in Physical Sciences and Engineering

No GPS, no problem: Next-generation navigation
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have developed a highly reliable and accurate navigation system that exploits existing environmental signals such as cellular and Wi-Fi, rather than the Global Positioning System (GPS).

Louisiana teachers more likely to teach to state standards, study finds
The adoption of the Common Core and similar state standards provides an opportunity to reimagine how to provide teachers with a clearer messages about what they can do every day to support student learning.

Watching the brain in action
Watching millions of neurons in the brain interacting with each other is the ultimate dream of neuroscientists!

Stanford researchers capture Central Asia's 'de-greening' over millions of years
The first large-scale map of rainfall declines revealed by signatures in ancient soil could help researchers better understand profound regional and global climate transformation.

Fast driver spotted on evolutionary tracks
A previously unrecognized strategy that living things use to rapidly diversify and evolve has now been uncovered.

Smoking rises in Argentina heart attack patients as cigarettes 'among cheapest in world'
Levels of smoking are rising in heart attack patients in Argentina, according to a study presented today at the Argentine Congress of Cardiology (SAC 2016).

Better insights into drivers of avian flu outbreak
The 2014-15 outbreak of avian flu was likely driven by long-distant migrant birds, a new study reveals.

Big data invigorates debate over 'good' science
The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences.

Ornamental plants for conserving bees, beneficial insects
A new study provides a detailed and systematic assessment of pollinators and biological predators on plant species.

International genetics expert, researcher to open Louisiana Tech University lecture series
Dr. Claude Bouchard, the John W. Barton Sr. Professor and Chair in Genetics and Nutrition at Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, will visit Louisiana Tech University on Oct.

FSU geologist explores minerals below Earth's surface
In a paper published today in Scientific Reports, Assistant Professor of Geology Mainak Mookherjee explores how feldspar, one of the most important minerals in the Earth's crust, changes under pressure.

Biodiversity loss in forests will be pricey
A new global assessment of forests -- perhaps the largest terrestrial repositories of biodiversity -- suggests that, on average, a 10 percent loss in biodiversity leads to a 2 to 3 percent loss in the productivity, including biomass, that forests can offer.

Depression in caregivers of dementia patients, worse for daughters or daughters-in-law?
Too often overlooked is the risk of depression in caregivers of patients with dementia, and a new study focuses on how depressive symptoms may differ depending on the familial relationship between caregiver and patient.

Eating disorder gene alters feeding and behavior in female mice
Giving mice a gene mutation linked to eating disorders in people causes feeding and behavior abnormalities similar to symptoms often seen in patients with eating disorders.

Study examines what drives student involvement in racial justice movements
A new study finds that women college students are more active than men in racial justice movements -- and that what drives Black students to engage is different from what drives Latino students.

Research examines how beardedness affects women's attraction to men
New research suggests that women tend to find beardedness attractive when judging long-term relationships, perhaps as a signal of formidability among males and the potential to provide direct benefits, such as enhanced fertility and survival, to females.

Sitagliptin + metformin in type 2 diabetes: Added benefit over sulfonylurea + metformin
An added benefit over other comparator therapies is not proven.

Cars vs. health: Lancet paper suggests strategies for healthier planning
Automobiles -- and the planning and infrastructure to support them -- are making our cities sick, says an international group of researchers now publishing a three-part series in the British medical journal The Lancet.

Estella Leopold revisits childhood at the Shack, from father's 'Sand County Almanac'
Estella Leopold, a University of Washington professor emeritus of biology, has written a new memoir of her formative years, 'Stories from the Leopold Shack: Sand County Revisited.' She describes life on the land where her father, Aldo Leopold, practiced the revolutionary conservation philosophy described in his famous book of essays 'A Sand County Almanac.'

Scientists awarded special grant to develop memory-altering medication for addiction
Bringing the world one step closer to when destructive addiction-fueling memories can be erased with a single treatment, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have received a National Institutes of Health grant through the Blueprint Neurotherapeutics Network and the National Institute of Drug Abuse.

A new scientific name for Brazil's national tree
The national tree of Brazil, locally known as Pau-brasil, has been given a new scientific name in a study published in the open-access plant taxonomy journal PhytoKeys.

Quantum physicist Carl M. Bender wins 2017 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics
The American Institute of Physics (AIP) and the American Physical Society (APS) announced today, on behalf of the Heineman Foundation for Research, Educational, Charitable, and Scientific Purposes, that Carl M.

The ART of combination therapy thwarts HIV infection
In an attempt to move beyond the current standard of care for HIV, which requires lifetime treatment and results in adverse effects like gut damage, researchers have coupled an antibody with standard-of-care antiretroviral treatment, finding that the duo kept virus levels very low -- almost undetectable -- in nonhuman primates.

Penn cell biologist awarded $5.2 million from NIH for lung regeneration research
Penn Medicine researchers, along with colleagues at Cincinnati Children's Hospital and Boston University, have received a $5.2 million, seven-year grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health to study the cellular and molecular mechanisms that promote lung regeneration.

Depriving deadly brain tumors of cholesterol may be their Achilles' heel
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and The Scripps Research Institute, with colleagues in Los Angeles and Japan, report that depriving deadly brain cancer cells of cholesterol, which they import from neighboring healthy cells, specifically kills tumor cells and caused tumor regression and prolonged survival in mouse models.

ALMA spots possible formation site of icy giant planet
Astronomers found signs of a growing planet around TW Hydra, a nearby young star, using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA).

Silver nanoparticle concentration too low to be harmful in water supply, paper finds
Silver nanoparticles have a wide array of uses, one of which is to treat drinking water for harmful bacteria and viruses.

Projection-type see-through holographic 3-D display technology
The National Institute of Information and Communications Technology has newly developed a projection-type see-through holographic 3-D display technology, in which an optical screen of a digitally designed holographic optical element and a digital holographic projection technique were combined.

Four CGIAR scientists awarded World Food Prize for combatting micronutrient deficiency
Biofortification's ability to improve nutrition and health of vulnerable populations internationally recognized.

Could exercise help meth addicts recover? Circadian rhythms are key, study finds
Exercise coupled with a regimen of methamphetamine could help addicts get clean, according to a pre-clinical study published today in The FASEB Journal.

Invasive tropical legume alters soil nitrogen dynamics
Research on the legacy effects of invasive plants is important for the restoration of native habitats.

A possible explanation for why male mice tolerate stress better than females
Rockefeller scientists have described a molecular mechanism that may explain in part why anxiety levels vary between the sexes.

AHA and China Social Assistance Foundation announce the establishment of the first AHA international training center in China with focus on bystander response to cardiac arrest
A remarkable milestone for future cooperation in the advancement of CPR training to reduce cardiovascular disease mortality.

Knowledge increases awareness of biodiversity despite firsthand experiences
As the largest of five islands in Channel Islands National Park off the coast of California, Santa Cruz boasts over 2,000 species of plants and animals, some of which are not found anywhere else on earth.

Scientists simplify model for human behavior in automation
Human unpredictability is a problem in the increasingly automated systems people use every day.

Preventing child obesity in the next generation must start before conception
The key to preventing obesity in future generations is to make their parents healthier before they conceive, leading health researchers suggest.

Wave energy researchers dive deep to advance clean energy source
One of the biggest untapped clean energy sources on the planet -- wave energy -- could one day power millions of homes across the US.

Going viral: Insights on Zika
Understanding the full history the Zika virus along with new developments is key to getting a vaccine and medicine to prevent and relieve Zika infections.

Poor health literacy a public health issue
America's poor record on health literacy is a public health issue, but one that can be fixed -- not by logging onto the internet but by increased interaction with your fellow human beings, a Michigan State University researcher argues.

ORNL offers new partnership opportunities for small businesses
Small businesses in the clean-energy sector have another opportunity to request technical assistance from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory through the DOE Small Business Vouchers Pilot.

Pitt-UPMC neurosurgeon to lead BRAIN Initiative grant to study how we speak
A significant grant from the National Institutes of Health will help to fund advanced brain research at the University of Pittsburgh and UPMC focused on deeper understanding of how speech is controlled in the brain.

Bioengineers' sweat sensor monitors glucose
Researchers at the University of Texas at Dallas are sweating the small stuff in their efforts to develop a wearable device that can monitor an individual's glucose level via perspiration on the skin.

Myanmar warned against unhealthy lifestyles as hypertension and high cholesterol rise
Myanmar's leading heart doctors have warned against unhealthy lifestyles as nearly one in three citizens are reported to have hypertension and half have high cholesterol.

Innovation in medical and surgical eye care takes center stage at AAO 2016
Chicago will become the global epicenter of the latest discoveries in ophthalmology this week as thousands of eye physicians and surgeons attend AAO 2016, the American Academy of Ophthalmology's 120th annual meeting.

How UFOs can improve sweet cherry production
Researchers investigated first-year establishment of future fruiting structure for a new sweet cherry canopy architecture, Upright Fruiting Offshoots.

Novel target for diabetes drug identified as ion exchanger
Researchers led by Nagoya University identified the ion exchanger protein NHX-5 as a novel molecular target of the type 2 diabetes drug metformin in a soil-dwelling model organism, the nematode worm.

Why some hummingbirds choose to balloon up before flying south
New study finds that some hummingbirds add as much as 40 percent to their body mass four days before migration.

Brain & Behavior Research Foundation awards $13.7 million Young Investigator NARSAD Grants
The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation today announced the award of its NARSAD Young Investigator Grants valued at $13.7 million to 198 of the world's most promising young scientists.

Drivers of evolution hidden in plain sight
A study published in Science reconstructs the evolutionary history of thousands of protein modifications in 18 related species.

UTA researchers use artificial intelligence to enhance cognitive skills in young children
University of Texas at Arlington researchers are using an advanced computational approach or artificial intelligence to help experts assess learning difficulties in children very early in their lives.

How shoot removal, rootstock cultivar affect grafting tomatoes
High tunnel and open-field trials were conducted to investigate potential yield effects related to the use of two rootstocks and scion shoot removal during tomato grafting.

ACP statement on CMS' initiative to reduce physician burden within APMs
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) today announced a promising 18-month initiative to minimize unnecessary administrative tasks.

Support for fracking is at an all-time low, says new survey
As the government gives the go-ahead to resume fracking in the UK, a new survey from The University of Nottingham has shown that public support for the extraction and use of shale gas has fallen from over 58 percent in July 2013 to just over 37 percent in October 2016.

UTHealth study finds that 15 percent of sixth-grade students commit cyber abuse
Fifteen percent of sixth-grade students reported they had perpetrated at least one form of abuse toward a dating partner through technology, according to a new study from the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health.

NIH nearly doubles investment in BRAIN Initiative research
The National Institutes of Health announced its third round of grants to support the goals of the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, bringing NIH's total fiscal year 2016 investment to just over $150 million.

Chemists design organic molecules that glow persistently at room temperature
LEDs have inspired a new generation of electronics, but there is still work ahead if we want luminescent materials to consume less energy and have longer lifespans.

Is androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer associated with dementia?
Androgen deprivation therapy is a mainstay of prostate cancer treatment.

NASA sees large dangerous Hurricane Nicole closing in on Bermuda
The National Hurricane Center or NHC called Nicole an 'extremely dangerous closing in on Bermuda' on Oct.

Penn study identifies new mechanism of RNA degradation in plants
University of Pennsylvania researchers have discovered a new mechanism by which RNA molecules are degraded.

T-rays will 'speed up' computer memory by a factor of 1,000
Scientists have demonstrated the viability of an alternative remagnetization technique that could be used in ultrafast computer memory, instead of the conventional method that relies on external magnetic fields.

CU-Boulder study: Sleep-deprived preschoolers eat more
A new University of Colorado Boulder study shows preschoolers consume more calories than normal when they don't get enough sleep, findings that have implications for childhood obesity risk.

Research provides clues to how Zika virus breaches the placental barrier
New research reveals that in pregnant women, Zika virus infection damages certain cells that affect placental formation and function.

NIH Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort Program expands to California
The National Institutes of Health has named the California Precision Medicine Consortium as a regional medical center group in the national network of health care provider organizations that will implement the Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort Program.

Consequences from Antarctica climate change
PSU scientist reveals how a single warming event in Antarctica may be an indication of future ecosystem changes.

Many alcohol-related injuries occur at home
Of all alcohol-related injuries in various public hospital emergency departments in Queensland, Australia, more occurred at home than at licensed premises.

Researchers develop DNA-based single-electron electronic devices
Nature has inspired generations of people, offering a plethora of different materials for innovations.

Untangling a cause of memory loss in neurodegenerative diseases
In mice genetically engineered to mimic aspects of human tauopathy disorders, the researchers restored some of the learning and memory deficits by blocking caspase-2 activity, which suggests that some of the cognitive loss seen in tauopathies might be reversible.

Zika virus infection may prevent reinfection, collaborative study finds
A collaborative study involving Kansas State University's Biosecurity Research Institute found that people infected with Zika virus may not be susceptible to it again.

Outreach program boosts dialysis facilities' referrals for kidney transplantation
An educational and outreach program targeted to dialysis facilities increased rates of referral for transplantation, especially for African-American patients.

Penn Vet study identifies new mechanism for antibacterial immunity
A study led by University of Pennsylvania researchers shows that the enzyme caspase-8, previously shown to play a significant role in triggering cell death upon infection with the bacteria Yersinia, also regulates the production of inflammatory cytokines, the signaling molecules that help carry out a robust immune response.

Study finds smaller community hospitals antibiotics use similar to large hospitals
Bolstering antimicrobial stewardship programs to ensure appropriate use of antibiotics in smaller community hospitals is necessary to combat the global threat of antibiotic-resistant bacteria known as superbugs, according to a new study.

Biologists use genomics to identify evolving new bird species in southern Idaho
The South Hills crossbill, potentially a newly discovered species of finch, has evolved over the past 6,000 years with a unique dependence on its food source, the Rocky Mountain lodgepole pine, in a coevolutionary arms race that also changed the tree, according to a genomic study led by Tom Parchman, a biologist at the University of Nevada, Reno.

Comet hit Earth during ancient warm period, glassy spherules suggest
Scientists have provided perhaps the first direct evidence that a comet struck Earth around the time of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, a notable warming event more than 50 million years ago, and the cause of which has been a topic of debate.

Virtual reality study finds our perception of our body and environment affects how we feel
Whether we feel scared or pleased in an environment and how we explore it is down to our combined perception of space and of our bodies, according to new research conducted in a virtual reality environment.

Archaeology under the canopy
UCSB's Anabel Ford has devoted her career to conservation and research at the ancient Maya city.

Investigating soil microbes' role in carbon cycle
Kristen DeAngelis at UMass Amherst recently received nearly $2.5 million from the US Department of Energy to advance understanding of the role of soil microbes in feeding carbon into the atmosphere and contributing to global warming.

Researchers obtain first Zika sequence isolated from semen
A team of researchers from the United Kingdom has obtained the first complete genome sequence of Zika virus that was isolated from a semen sample.

How water flows near the superhydrophobic surface
The international scientific team, led by Olga Vinogradova (Professor at the Faculty of Physics, the Lomonosov Moscow State University and the chief of laboratory at Institute of Physical chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences) has managed to characterize theoretically the behavior of water in close vicinity to a superhydrophobic surface.

What does science say about family relationships and how we can improve them?
How can couples and families effectively navigate issues such as divorce, teen parenting, or job loss?

New collaboration to lead exploration of novel GLS thin film coatings
The University of Southampton and Plasma App Limited have announced that they are collaborating in a one-year £150,000 feasibility study to explore novel thin film coating technology and applications.

Outwitting the 'silent thief' of osteoporosis
In a world first, new Australian research has revealed that genetic profiling can help predict whether an individual will break a bone through osteoporosis.

Counting carbon on the farm topic of symposium
Several solutions adaptable by agricultural systems to be discussed.

Hopping around Johns Hopkins: Early mobilization program, PICU Up!, gets pediatrics patients moving
Pediatric critical care specialists at Johns Hopkins report that a test of their pilot program to reduce sedation and boost early mobility for children in an intensive care unit proves it is both safe and effective.

Imaging with new biomarker tracks tumor progression, response to brain cancer treatment
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have developed an MRI-based method that can track the state and progression of a common type of genetically mutated brain cancer.

Researchers identify enzyme that removes molecular modifications from transfer RNA
New research by scientists from the University of Chicago demonstrates that the enzyme ALKBH1 can remove molecular modifications from transfer RNA, causing a measurable effect on protein translation in the cell.

Rich or poor? Where you start in life influences cancer risk in adulthood
Parental occupation and neighborhood income are tied to the risk for melanoma, breast, prostate and cervical cancer, Huntsman Cancer Institute researchers report.

At the Jersey shore, signs of a comet, and a climate crisis
Scientists say they have found evidence along the New Jersey coast that an extraterrestrial object hit the Earth at the same time a mysterious release of carbon dioxide suddenly warmed the planet, some 55.6 million years ago.

Antarctica is practically defined by ice. What happens when it melts?
A single season of intense melting buffeted Antarctica in 2001-2002.

Low socio-economic status, fear of abandonment early in life can lead to poor adult health
Low socio-economic status and fear of abandonment early in life can lead to poor health in adulthood, regardless of adult socio-economic status, according to a new study from psychologists at Rice University.

NASA adds up deadly Hurricane Matthew's total rainfall
A NASA rainfall analysis estimated the amount of rainfall generated by Hurricane Matthew when it moved over the Carolinas.

Observable universe contains 10 times more galaxies than previously thought
Astronomers using data from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescopes and other telescopes have performed an accurate census of the number of galaxies in the universe.

ROI announces winners of innovative research projects in radiation oncology awards
The Radiation Oncology Institute has selected two promising, early career researchers to receive a total of nearly $100,000 for research on how physicians can use the real-time monitoring and feedback capability of smart technologies to improve outcomes for cancer patients.

Improved federal school lunch guidelines lead students to better health, study finds
Federal school lunch guidelines enacted in 2012 are doing what they were designed to do: improving nutrition for school-age children and reducing childhood obesity, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics.

Engineers reveal fabrication process for revolutionary transparent sensors
UW-Madison researchers have described in great detail how to fabricate and use transparent graphene neural electrode arrays in applications in electrophysiology, fluorescent microscopy, optical coherence tomography, and optogenetics.

Thanks to brain chip, paralyzed man regains realistic touch in the hand
A brain implant has restored touch in the hand of a paralyzed man, who described the sensations as mimicking natural touch, according to a new study.

Sleeping cells' survival instincts: A double-edged sword?
By creating a new experimental model to study quiescent -- or 'sleeping' -- human cells, Drexel University researchers found that, when energetically stressed, the cells showed a signaling profile previously associated with inflammation.

Salk Fellow Jesse Dixon receives NIH Director's Early Independence Award
Helmsley-Salk Fellow Jesse Dixon is among 16 scientists nationwide to receive the Director's Early Independence Award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to pursue promising and innovative research.

23andMe, NIH work to reduce health research disparities among African Americans
23andMe, Inc., the leading personal genetics company, today announced a new grant from the National Institutes of Health, for the creation of a genetic resource for health research in African Americans that could improve the understanding of diseases in minority populations.

Wind patterns in lowest layers of supercell storms key to predicting tornadoes
New research from North Carolina State University has found that wind patterns in the lowest 500 meters of the atmosphere near supercell thunderstorms can help predict whether that storm will generate a tornado.

Salk neuroscientist granted $1 million to harness sound to control brain cells
Salk neuroscientist granted $1 million to harness sound to control brain cells.

Scientists create 'floating pixels' using soundwaves and force fields
A mid-air display of 'floating pixels' has been created by scientists.

A short jump from single-celled ancestors to animals
The first animals evolved from their single-celled ancestors around 800 million years ago, but new evidence suggests that this leap to multi-celled organisms in the tree of life may not have been quite as dramatic as scientists once assumed.

UBC identifies bacteria linked to acid produced at mining sites
UBC researchers have isolated organisms that cause acid-rock drainage in mining operations.

Sustained viral remission in SIV infection
Emory and NIAID scientists can achieve sustained control of SIV infection in rhesus macaques, by supplementing antiretroviral drugs with an antibody vs alpha4-beta7 integrin.

Warm relationship between students and teachers can be linked to decreased bullying
Warm and caring student-teacher relationships can be linked to students' motivation to intervene in cases of bullying.

Unique skin impressions of the last dinosaurs discovered in Barcelona
Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in collaboration with the Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont, have discovered in Vallcebre an impression fossil with the surface of the skin of a dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous, a period right before their extinction.

Ames Laboratory senior scientist Paul C. Canfield receives James C. McGroddy Prize
Professor Paul C. Canfield, a senior scientist at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Ames Laboratory has been awarded the James C.

Non-medical causes responsible for many maternal deaths
Intimate partner violence, substance use disorder and mental illness may be as threatening to health and survival during pregnancy in US cities as medical issues.

Future of Antarctic marine protected at risk
Efforts to adopt effective marine protected areas in the Southern Ocean, a global commons containing the world's most pristine marine ecosystems, are being thwarted by political infighting and fishing interests.

Antifungal RNA spray could help fight barley crop disease
Spraying barley crops with RNA molecules that inhibit fungus growth could help protect the plants against disease, according to a new study published in PLOS Pathogens.

Researchers probing the beneficial secrets in dolphins' proteins
Why reinvent the wheel when nature has the answer? That's what researcher Michael Janech, Ph.D. of the Medical University of South Carolina, has found to be true, drawing from the field of biomimicry where researchers look to nature for creative solutions to human problems.

CGIAR scientists awarded the prestigious World Food Prize
On Oct. 13, HarvestPlus founding director and ambassador-at-large Howarth Bouis will join three other scientists in receiving the World Food Prize for their work in biofortification.

UTMB researchers develop new candidate vaccines against the plague
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have developed new potential vaccines that protect animals against the bacteria that causes the deadly plague.

VTT's CellPod: New kind of local food grows in your own kitchen
A home appliance that grows the ingredients for a healthy meal within a week from plant cells is no longer science fiction.

Small impacts are reworking the moon's soil faster than scientists thought
Meteoroids are striking the moon much more often than expected, says a team of Arizona State University planetary scientists.

Factors secreted by gut bacteria may help combat kidney stones
Factors secreted by Oxalobacter formigenes, a bacterium that lives in the large intestine, can reduce urinary excretion of oxalate in mice.

Coronary artery disease tests prompt patients toward healthier habits
Undergoing a computer tomographic angiography was a better motivator to get people with suspected coronary artery disease to adopt healthier lifestyle practices than an exercise electrocardiography and stress test. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to