Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 17, 2016
Nanowires as sensors in new type of atomic force microscope
A new type of atomic force microscope (AFM) uses nanowires as tiny sensors.

Replacing diet beverages with water may help diabetic patients lose weight
In a study of 81 overweight and obese women with type 2 diabetes who usually consumed diet beverages and were on a weight loss program, those who substituted water for diet beverages after their lunch for 24 weeks had a greater decrease in weight (-6.40 vs.

Healthcare workers describe their experiences in caring for patients with Ebola
Interviews conducted in 2015 with eight nurses and one physician who had worked in Ebola care in Sierra Leone revealed two themes: 'Experiencing security by learning to manage risks'; and 'Developing courage and growth by facing personal fears'.

A promising step toward controlling Zika virus and dengue fever
Five UCLA researchers were part of an international team that has used X-rays to reveal the structure of a molecule that is toxic to disease-carrying mosquitoes.

Starving pancreatic cancer cells: Scientists identify potential pancreatic cancer target
Researchers have found that a protein called SLC6A14 is overexpressed by several fold in pancreatic tumors taken from patients and in cancerous pancreatic cells lines compared with normal pancreatic tissue or normal pancreatic cells.

National Academy of Medicine honors members for outstanding service
Today at the National Academy of Medicine's annual meeting, members Lynn R.

OU professor, coauthors receive The Wildlife Society award for outstanding article
Michael A. Patten, a professor in the Oklahoma Biological Survey, University of Oklahoma College of Arts and Sciences, and his co-authors are the 2016 recipients of The Wildlife Society Publications Award for Outstanding Article, 'Factors affecting female space use in ten populations of prairie chickens.' The Award was presented to Patten on Monday, Oct.

Understanding the epidemiology of fractures in diabetes
The paper reports on the complexity of fracture epidemiology in diabetes, and makes recommendations for the clinician and for future research.

Ames Laboratory to receive $3 million to develop instrumentation to study plant cell walls
A team of scientists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory will be developing new instrumentation aimed at determining the chemical and structural makeup of plant cell walls.

On Philippine isle, research pinpoints 'bull's-eye' of biodiversity
Research uncovers a total of 126 new species, including 40 frogs, one caecilian, 49 lizards, 35 snakes, a freshwater turtle and a crocodile.

Oncoproteins interact to promote cancer cell growth in retinoblastoma
Researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles have identified an unsuspected and critical role of the MDM2 oncogene in promoting expression of the MYCN oncogene that is required for growth and survival of retinoblastoma cells.

Sheffield researchers identify greater environmental risks in 'green' material
Researchers from the University of Sheffield, using life cycle analysis, discover that legislation proposing the replacement of a common material has led to wider use of an even more toxic substance.

Antiviral protein hampers TBE virus
Research at Umeå University in Sweden presents a new discovery: the protein viperin can prohibit tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) from multiplying in the cell.

Identifying children and saving lives one thumbprint at a time
Every day 353,000 children are born around the world, a majority of them in developing countries where there is a lack of proper record keeping, resulting in a lack of proper health care.

NASA's GPM satellite sees Hurricane Nicole moving over cold North Atlantic
On Oct. 17, Hurricane Nicole has been active for almost two weeks.

Physicists develop world's first artificial cell-like spheres from natural proteins
Physicists from Saarland University have developed a type of artificial cell, a vesicle.

Pregabalin may lessen pain from irritable bowel syndrome, Mayo Clinic study finds
A pilot study by researchers at Mayo Clinic has found that patients suffering from pain related to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) may benefit from taking pregabalin, a neuro-pain inhibitor commonly used to treat fibromyalgia.

Rome IV -- improving outcomes for patients with functional GI disorders
Delegates attending UEG Week in Vienna embraced the initiatives, which have been inspired by publication of the new Rome IV criteria for functional GI disorders and were showcased today by Dr.

Did quality of outpatient care change from 2002 to 2013?
Local, regional and national efforts have aimed to improve deficits in the quality of health care and the patient experience.

Minimally invasive surgery for liver cases compares favorably with open operations
For patients who may benefit from a major liver operation to treat cancer, an open abdominal procedure is often the only option.

Medicaid expansion may improve financial status of trauma safety net hospitals
Trauma centers that care for the greatest proportion of uninsured patients stand to gain the most financially from state expansion of the Medicaid program.

Patients unsuitable for LASIK could benefit from vision surgery using intraocular lenses
People who are unsuitable for LASIK because of moderate or extreme nearsightedness or severe astigmatism may benefit from a surgical procedure using intraocular lenses.

Positive and negative memories and behaviors are split up in the brains of mice
Within the amygdala, an important memory center in the brain, pleasant experiences, tastes, and smells are confined to the back of the basolateral nucleus, while unpleasant ones are stored at the front.

Map the gap: The geography of critical care medicine training programs and sepsis mortality
A study from Advocate Christ Medical Center in Oak Lawn, Illinois, studied the relation of death from sepsis by geographic region with the location of critical care fellowship training programs.

Bluetooth-enabled technology pilot study shows promise for cystic fibrosis adherence
Adherence to inhaled and oral therapies for cystic fibrosis patients is discouragingly low, ranging 31-35 percent for inhaled antibiotics.

Johns Hopkins bioethics scholar elected to National Academy of Medicine
Jeffrey P. Kahn, PhD, MPH, the Andreas C. Dracopoulos Director of the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics, has been elected to the National Academy of Medicine.

Dartmouth study provides insight on why risk-taking behavior increases during adolescence
A new Dartmouth study just published in 'Current Biology' demonstrates for the first time, the causal relationship between behavioral control and a specific imbalance in brain function that exists during adolescence.

Physicists develop world's first artificial cell-like spheres from natural proteins
In a study of 110 women taking the breast cancer drug anastrozole, there were significant differences in patients' blood levels of the drug that corresponded with variations in the ABCB1 gene

Young people aging out of foster care may be leaving behind critical healthcare coverage
States are required to provide health insurance to young people who have aged out of the foster care system until their 26th birthday.

'Radical' new approach to connecting carbon atoms
Researchers at Princeton University designed an innovative reaction that forms valuable carbon-carbon bonds from simple starting materials.

Heat and irradiation: New approach for more selectively fighting tumors
Researchers wish to treat tumors more effectively in the future by combining radiation therapy and focused ultrasound.

Scientists identify northeast Mindanao as major 'bull's-eye' of biodiversity
Colonial plunder, crime, tribal factions, sectarianism, drug running, piracy, animal poaching, illegal logging and destructive mining practices, the island of Mindanao in the southern Philippines has seen it all and more.

Conflicting perception of family presence during resuscitation
A study from St. Barnabas Hospital (SBH Health System Bronx) analyzed the perceptions and attitudes of the health care team about family presence during resuscitation.

NIFA awards $2.3 million to relieve shortages of rural veterinary services
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced 12 awards in 10 states totaling $2.3 million to help relieve shortages of veterinary services through education, extension, training and support for new or existing veterinary practices in designated rural shortage areas.

England's national drugs policy is failing, warn experts
Hard lessons need to be learned from England's failing national drug policy following the steep rise in drug related deaths since 2012, warn public health experts in The BMJ this week.

NIH scientists uncover genetic explanation for frustrating syndrome
NIH scientists have identified a genetic explanation for a syndrome characterized by multiple difficult-to-treat symptoms, including skin flushing and itching, gastrointestinal complaints, chronic pain, and bone and joint problems.

Media can register now for European Cancer Congress 2017
Media can register now for Europe's only multidisciplinary cancer congress: the European Cancer Congress in Amsterdam, Jan.

Cervical cancer screening could be less frequent, start later
Women may only need cervical cancer screening every 5-10 years -- instead of every three years, as currently recommended -- and may be able to start the screenings later in life, according to Harvard T.H.

Chemotherapy drives treatment resistance in bladder cancer
Chemotherapy is indicated as the first line of treatment for advanced bladder cancer.

U-M-led team recovers 'most complete Michigan mastodon skeleton in many decades'
The most complete ice age mastodon skeleton found in Michigan since the 1940s was recovered this month from the state's Thumb region by a University of Michigan-led team that included Tuscola County teachers who volunteered for the dig.

Neural signature for fibromyalgia may aid diagnosis, treatment
University of Colorado Boulder researchers have discovered a brain signature that identifies fibromyalgia sufferers with 93 percent accuracy, a potential breakthrough for future clinical diagnosis and treatment of the highly prevalent condition.

Java gene study links caffeine metabolism to coffee consumption behavior
A new caffeine genetic study 'e-emphasizes not everyone responds to a single cup of coffee in the same way,' and found that a genetic variant previously linked with nicotine metabolism is now linked with caffeine metabolism.

Study finds local fidelity key to ocean-wide recovery of humpback whales
Humpback whales can migrate thousands of miles to reach feeding grounds each year, but a new study concludes that their fidelity to certain local habitats -- as passed on through the generations -- and the protection of these habitats are key to understanding the ultimate recovery of this endangered species.

Boston medical center launches new opioid urgent care center
Boston Medical Center (BMC), in collaboration with the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH) and the Boston Public Health Commission (BPHC), has launched a new opioid urgent care center to give patients with substance use disorders rapid access to a full continuum of treatment services.

Grant will boost trust between Native American communities, researchers, healthcare providers
The School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside, has received a grant of $250,000 from the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute to lay the groundwork for providers and Native American patients in the Riverside-San Bernardino, Calif., area to address patient well-being and chronic health concerns.

High doses of caffeine didn't induce arrhythmias in patients with heart failure
A small randomized clinical trial found that drinking high doses of caffeine did not induce arrhythmias in patients with systolic heart failure and at high risk for ventricular arrhythmias, results that challenge the perception that patients with heart disease and risk for arrhythmia should limit their caffeine intake, according to a new study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Cornell Tech grads' receive major technology award for revolutionizing video advertising
Cornell Tech graduates have launched a software startup called Uru that uses computer-vision technology to automatically find blank surfaces inside video -- a desk, a wall, even a plain T-shirt -- that can host advertisements that are unobtrusive and unblockable.

Evaluating forecasting models for predicting rainfall from tropical cyclones
To help improve hurricane preparedness and mitigation efforts, new University of Iowa-led research examines how accurate current forecasting systems are in predicting rainfall from North Atlantic tropical cyclones that make landfall in the United States.

Mutations in FTO and dopamine receptor genes increase risk of obesity and diabetes
In the development of obesity and diabetes, signals from the brain play an important role.

Embryonic white blood cells needed in adulthood
Leukocytes of the macrophage series are needed for defence reactions against microbial infections.

Pay-to-play may keep some kids out of school activities
One in four students from lower-income families did not participate in a single sport, club or art program last school year, a new national poll shows.

OB/GYN Residency Program in inland Southern California receives accreditation
The Obstetrics/Gynecology Residency Program in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside has received accreditation from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, the national organization that accredits US medical residency and fellowship programs and the institutions that sponsor them.

SWAT team of immune cells helps reduce infection rates in babies after cleft lip surgery
The mouth is widely considered the dirtiest part of the human body, yet babies have surprisingly low infection rates following cleft lip and palate surgery.

Talking to terminally ill adolescents about progressing disease
A new review article published online by JAMA Pediatrics uses a hypothetical case scenario to explore the ethics, emotions and skills for talking to terminally adolescents about their progressing disease.

NASA sees Typhoon Sarika approaching second landfall
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided a visible look at Typhoon Sarika as it was poised for its second of three expected landfalls.

Bait worms are a valuable marine resource
The humble bait worm wriggling on the hook at the end of angler's line may be considered a low value resource, but in the first global assessment of its value and impact, researchers have revealed it to be a multi-billion pound global industry worth nearly £6 billion per year.

Researchers use 'robomussels' to monitor climate change
Tiny robots have been helping researchers study how cli­mate change affects bio­di­ver­sity.

A better battery: One-time pollutant may become valued product to aid wind, solar energy
Chemists have discovered that one or more organic compounds in a family that traditionally has been known as pollutants could offer an important advance to make cheap, reliable batteries.

Women who undergo weight-loss operations have a lower risk for cesarean section later on
Obesity during pregnancy puts women at higher risk for complications and can compromise the newborn's health.

UC3M study applies math to describe tumor growth
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) has carried out a study that mathematically explains how tumors induce the growth of blood vessels.

OU researchers develop novel, non-invasive cancer therapy
A staggering 1.7 million persons in the United States will be diagnosed with cancer in 2016, with 600,000 cases ending in death.

CHEST 2016 Annual Meeting case reports: More reasons to say no to drugs
Case studies being presented at the CHEST Annual Meeting 2016 in Los Angeles that give reasons not to do drugs.

Findings on sphingolipid biosynthesis may lead to new treatments for metabolic diseases
Research led by SUNY Downstate Medical Center shows that blockage of sphingolipid de novo synthesis pathway (through knockout Serine Palmitoyltransferase, the key enzyme in the pathway) impairs hepatocyte polarity, attenuates liver regeneration after hepatectomy, and promotes tumorigenesis.

Dartmouth researchers' 'DarkLight' enables visible light communication in the dark
Through a new Dartmouth project called 'DarkLight,' researchers have developed and demonstrated for the first-time, how visible light can be used to transmit wireless data even when the light appears dark or off.

Estrogen signaling impacted immune response in cancer
New research from The Wistar Institute showed that estrogen signaling was responsible for immunosuppressive effects in the tumor microenvironment across cancer types.

'There are no miracle cures' -- learning the right lessons from phosphoethanolamine
Cancer researchers and patients from all over the world can learn valuable lessons from a recent Brazilian scientific scandal, according to a new policy paper published in ecancermedicalscience.

Ohio State scientists explain how gut microbes change after spinal cord injury
Spinal cord injuries cause dramatic shifts in the types of bacteria normally found in the gut, resulting in dysbiosis, which can cause or contribute to neurologic disease.

UMD biologists first to observe direct inheritance of gene-silencing RNA
Developmental biologists at the University of Maryland are the first to observe molecules of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) -- a close cousin of DNA that can silence genes within cells -- being passed directly from parent to offspring in the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans.

Study results may help patients after ACL surgery
A new study provides critical information on how osteoarthritis may arise after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.

'Weekday effect' not a risk factor for death from elective surgery
The day of the week that elective surgery is performed in Ontario does not affect a patient's risk of death, according to a new study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

New studies reveal the importance of both the amount and timing of physical activity on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
Two new papers published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) reveal the importance of both the amount and timing of physical activity in reducing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D), as well as aiding the management of the disease in existing T2D patients.

Understanding why potentially inappropriate medications are continued at the end of life
A recent interview study has uncovered factors that may contribute to the use of potentially inappropriate medications at the end of life.

Blood tests at the time of diagnoses of lung cancer may speed up treatment decisions
A study from Gundersen Health System, La Crosse, Wisconsin, reveals to the value of blood-based genomic and proteomic testing in patients with lung cancer at the time of initial diagnoses.

Depleting CAR T cells after tumor treatment reverses B cell deficiency in mice
In this issue of the JCI, a team led by Dirk Busch at Technical University München has developed a strategy to prevent depletion of healthy B cells after successful CAR T cell treatments for B cell lymphomas.

Academic culture, institutional factors pushing college women out of STEM majors
A study by Danielle Lindemann of Lehigh University and Dana Britton and Elaine Zundl of the Center for Women and Work at Rutgers University focuses on STEM retention and attrition among college women.

'For distinguished contributions to medicine and health'
UCSB professor Samir Mitragotri is elected to the National Academy of Medicine.

Exercising the elderly heart: No value in overexertion
The more, the merrier, but don't sweat too much. That's the basics from an analysis about the value of physical activity and exercise in helping to prevent heart disease related deaths among senior citizens.

Divided perception of e-cigarettes among chest medicine clinicians
At the CHEST Annual Meeting 2016 in Los Angeles, results from an online questionnaire sent to members of the American College of Chest Physicians earlier this year revealed that perceptions of e-cigarette harms and benefits among lung health professionals vary.

Quantum computers: 10-fold boost in stability achieved
Australian engineers have created a new quantum bit which remains in a stable superposition for 10 times longer than previously achieved, dramatically expanding the time during which calculations could be performed in a future silicon quantum computer.

How will salmon survive in a flooded future?
As torrential rain descends on the Pacific Northwest, new research published in Global Change Biology provides a glimpse of how salmon rivers might fare in a future with larger floods.

Ancient hominid 'hanky panky' also influenced spread of STIs
With recent studies proving that almost everyone has a little bit of Neanderthal DNA in them (up to 5 percent), it's become clear our ancestors displayed hominid hanky panky, and with it, a potential downside, the spread of sexually transmitted infections.

Winners of 2016 DC Public Health Case Challenge announced
The winners of the fourth annual DC Public Health Case Challenge were announced at this year's National Academy of Medicine annual meeting.

Sustainable Rubber Conference
Researchers, experts and local people from across the globe met today to attend the four-day Sustainable Rubber Conference, which aims to explore ways in which rubber growers can secure stable incomes while at the same time protecting the environment and local livelihoods.

Having HIV and chronic HBV/HCV coinfection may increase cancer risk
In HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy, chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection is associated with an increased risk for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

COPD diagnosis study finds spirometry underused, misdiagnosis common
According to the recommendations of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, spirometry should be performed to establish the diagnosis of COPD in any patient who has a history of chronic cough, sputum production, difficulty breathing, or exposure to risk factors.

Repurposed sensor enables smartwatch to detect finger taps and other bio-acoustic signals
A smartwatch is capable of detecting and distinguishing a variety of taps, flicks and scratches by the hands and fingers, and all that's required is a software upgrade that repurposes the device's existing accelerometer, Carnegie Mellon University researchers discovered.

Short walks after meals may prove important tool in managing diabetes
New research from New Zealand's University of Otago suggests that people managing type 2 diabetes should walk after meals to gain the greatest blood sugar-lowering benefits.

Foster care children at much greater risk of physical, mental health problems
Children who have been in the US foster care system are at a significantly higher risk of mental and physical health problems -- ranging from learning disabilities, developmental delays and depression to behavioral issues, asthma and obesity -- than children who haven't been in foster care, according to a University of California, Irvine sociologist.

Minimal exercise can prevent disease, weight gain in menopausal women
According to new research from the University of Missouri, minimal exercise may be all it takes for postmenopausal women to better regulate insulin, maintain metabolic function and help prevent significant weight gain.

Adapting to the heat
Biologist Craig Montell uncovers the molecular mechanism that regulates an animal's ability to sense the rate of temperature change

Mother's BMI may affect the biological age of newborn babies
Higher BMI in mothers before pregnancy is associated with shorter telomere length -- a biomarker for biological age -- in newborns, according to a study published in the open-access journal BMC Medicine that involved 743 mothers and their babies.

Study finds mixed results for use of mesh for hernia repair
Among patients undergoing incisional hernia repair, the use of mesh to reinforce the repair was associated with a lower risk of hernia recurrence over five years compared with when mesh was not used, although with long-term follow-up, the benefits attributable to mesh were offset in part by mesh-related complications, according to a study published online by JAMA.

Could assisted reproduction reduce birth defects for older women?
Babies born to women aged 40 and over from assisted reproduction have fewer birth defects compared with those from women who conceive naturally at the same age, according to new research from the University of Adelaide.

New breakthrough for IBS patients
Scientists at UEG Week have today announced that fecal bacterial profiles differ in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients who respond favorably to a low-FODMAP diet and those who do not.

CHEST Annual Meeting 2016 case reports: Objects that don't belong there
CHEST Annual Meeting 2016 Case Reports: Objects that don't belong there

DNAstack launches genomics platform to accelerate disease research, precision medicine
DNAstack, a Toronto-based genomic software company, today announced the launch of its cloud platform to accelerate genetic disease research and precision medicine.

Psychology paper authors range from Dr. Phil to the Dalai Lama
Steven Jay Lynn, distinguished professor of psychology and director of the Psychological Clinic at Binghamton University, and Scott O.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP watching Typhoon Haima moving toward Philippines
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided a visible look at Powerful Typhoon Haima as it continued moving to the west-northwest through the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Fracking wastewater is mostly brines, not man-made fracking fluids
Naturally occurring brines, not man-made fracking fluids, account for most of the wastewater coming from hydraulically fractured unconventional oil and gas wells, a new Duke University study finds.

Novel 'patient-friendly' colonoscopy prep shows excellent efficacy and safety
Detailed results from a Phase 2 study of a novel colonoscopy prep (ECP) under development by ColonaryConcepts, LLC show the investigational treatment to be at least as effective and safe as two currently available colonoscopy prep formulations, while offering a much higher level of patient satisfaction and preference than standard preps.

Identified a key protein in the generation of B lymphocytes
Researchers of the Cellular Differentiation Group of IDIBELL have identified a transcriptional repressor, the histone deacetylase HDAC7, involved in the generation and the identity of B lymphocytes, the cells responsible to create antibodies in our immune system.

Leukemia cell movement gives clues to tackling treatment-resistant disease
New research is shedding light on how leukemia cells can survive cancer treatment, suggesting new possibilities for stopping them in their tracks.

Keeping it simple: Can resting heart rate and hand grip strength predict future pulmonary health problems?
Two studies will be presented during the CHEST Annual Meeting 2016 in Los Angeles that illustrate how something as simple as a patient's resting heart rate or handgrip strength can predict future pulmonary health problems.

New book by Baker Institute's Yildirim explores emergence of moderate Islamist political parties
The emergence, significance and electoral prospects of moderate Islamist political parties in the Middle East is the topic of a new book by A.

Worked to death? IU study says lack of control over high-stress jobs leads to early grave
New research from the Indiana University Kelley School of Business finds that those in high-stress jobs with little control over their workflow die younger or are less healthy than those who have more flexibility and discretion in their jobs and are able to set their own goals as part of their employment.

'That pizza was #delish!' What do Tweets say about our health?
'Coffee' was the most tweeted food in the continental US from mid-2014 to mid-2015 followed by 'beer' then 'pizza'.

Researchers create stretchy, biocompatible optical fibers
Researchers from MIT and Harvard Medical School have developed a biocompatible and highly stretchable optical fiber made from hydrogel -- an elastic, rubbery material composed mostly of water.

Why is skin thick on the soles of the feet?
Hokkaido University researchers has established a method for capturing live, three-dimensional, high-resolution images deep within the skin of living mice, casting light on the precise manner in which cells divide to maintain the thick outer layer of skin.

National Academy of Medicine elects 79 new members
The National Academy of Medicine announced today the election of 70 regular members and nine international members during its annual meeting.

A team of NJIT engineers is tapped for an Edison Patent Award
Rajesh Dave, distinguished professor of chemical, biological and pharmaceutical engineering, and two of his former graduate students, Maxx Capece and Daniel To, have been tapped to receive the Thomas Alva Edison Patent Award from the Research & Development Council of New Jersey for developing a manufacturing process that masks the bitter tastes of medications while delivering them effectively to their targets in the body.

Computers should be named on patents as inventors, for creativity to flourish
New research published by the University of Surrey in Boston College Law Review is calling for inventions by computers to be legally granted patents.

Science spotlights research involving Brazil's Zika Virus Research Network
Research on the Zika virus Conducted by Brazilian and American scientists are highlighted in the Science, that draws attention to the fact that the results of trials showing that three different candidate vaccines Zika protected rhesus monkeys against the disease.

Here's how young people decide when they're drunk 'enough,' according to math
Young people decide whether they've had enough to drink the same way the cruise control on a car 'decides' whether to accelerate or hit the brakes.

Leading organizations train 100,000 people in CPR on Restart a Heart Day
Thousands of people die every year because people are not carrying out life saving CPR on cardiac arrest victims before emergency services arrive, according to new research from the British Heart Foundation.

Wearable fitness tracker monitors patients' postoperative functional recovery at home
Results of a new study, presented at the 2016 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons, show that monitoring patients' postoperative functional recovery using a commercially available, wireless activity tracker is feasible, and strongly correlates with patients' reported postoperative complications.

World first porous acupuncture needles enhance therapeutic properties
A DGIST research team led by Professor Su-Il In, who developed acupuncture needles combined with nanotechnology, was recognized as the world's first application of this technology.

Promise of gene therapy for glaucoma shines bright in award-winning image
Whether you see the gossamer wings of a butterfly or the delicate opened petals of a flower, there is beauty in the eye of the beholder -- a mouse retina described and visually captured by scientists at the National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Shiley Eye Institute at UC San Diego Health.

Tiny crystals and nanowires could join forces to split water
Scientists are pursuing a tiny solution for harnessing one of the world's most abundant sources of clean energy: water.

National Academy of Medicine names 3 NAM Fellows for 2016
The National Academy of Medicine has selected three outstanding health professionals for the class of 2016 NAM Fellows.

Bacteria: Third RNA binding protein identified
Pathogenic bacteria use small RNA molecules to adapt to their environment.

PolyU's proprietary optical fiber sensing network for railway monitoring exported overseas
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University's proprietary optical fiber sensing technology in monitoring railway has been adopted overseas, for the first time, in metro lines in Singapore.

Finding ideal materials for carbon capture
Genetic algorithm can rapidly pinpoint top candidates for pre-combustion carbon capture, information that could lead to greener designs for newly commissioned power plants.

Genomics breakthrough paves way for climate-tolerant wine grape varieties
A new sequencing technology and computer algorithm have been used to produce a high-quality draft genome sequence of cabernet sauvignon, the world's most popular red wine grape variety.

Yearly exposure to chemicals dangerous to hormone function burdens Americans with hundreds of billions in health care costs and lost earnings
Annual health care costs and lost earnings in the United States from low-level but daily exposure to hazardous chemicals commonly found in plastic bottles, metal food cans, detergents, flame retardants, toys, cosmetics, and pesticides, exceeds $340 billion, according to a detailed economic analysis by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center.

Does my eye deceive me? Not with these digital forensics tools
The Internet is awash with images and videos that may hold national security and intelligence value, but differentiating real images from altered ones can be formidable, even for digital forensics experts.

ECS takes down the paywall to free the science during open access week
ECS is celebrating Open Access Week this year by giving the world a preview of what complete open access will look like.

'Shadow method' reveals locomotion secrets of water striders
Intrigued by the floating mechanisms of water striders and the updated Archimedes' principle, which states that floating force equals the expelled liquid volume, researchers in China sought to discover how the pressed depth and supporting force of water surface acted upon a water strider's six legs.

Cold medicine could stop cancer spread
Hokkaido University researchers have discovered that a nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drug used for treating colds suppresses the spread of bladder cancers and reduces their chemoresistance in mice, raising hopes of a future cure for advanced bladder cancers.

Beyond genes: Protein atlas scores nitrogen fixing duet
Of the many elusive grails of agricultural biotechnology, the ability to confer nitrogen fixation into non-leguminous plants such as cereals ranks near the very top.

Earthquake series cause uplift variations at continental margins
A new mechanism may explain how earthquakes with magnitudes larger than M7 are linked to coastal uplift.

New statement provides guidance-potential interactions between statins and some heart disease drugs
The risk of interactions between statins and other heart disease drugs in patients with heart disease can be managed or reduced.

Poll shows gap between parent views and expert assessments of US child care quality
A new NPR/Robert Wood Johnson Foundation/Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health poll suggests a major gap between parents' views and research experts' assessments of the quality of child care in the US Most parents (59 percent) believe their child receives 'excellent' quality child care.

Infant nose, lung cells possess remarkably similar RNS patterns
Cells from an infant's nose are remarkably similar to those found in the lungs, a discovery that could lead to much more precise diagnosis of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and other infant lung diseases.

UCF scientist creates most efficient quantum cascade laser ever
A new way of producing Quantum Cascade Lasers yields better efficiency and comparable performance, and makes it easier to manufacture QCLs for uses in spectroscopy and other commercial areas.

Retail industry corporate hypocrisy can lead to negative employee attitudes, loss in sales
Researchers in the University of Missouri Department of Textile and Apparel Management have determined that corporate hypocrisy is an important factor in negative perceptions among employees toward retail companies.

Chronic pain researchers to expand work with $7.5M award from NIH
In order to better understand the disparity between identifiable damage and chronic pain, the National Institutes of Health has awarded $7.5 million over five years to physician-scientists at the University of Michigan Health System.

We've SharedIt! Springer Nature completes integration of its content sharing initiative
Springer Nature is delighted to announce that it has rolled out its free content sharing initiative, now named SharedIt, to all of the Springer Nature-owned portfolio and over one thousand additional co-owned and partner-owned journals.

Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used in a variety of applications, including microscopic actuators and grippers for surgical robots, light-powered micro-mirrors for optical telecommunications systems, and more efficient solar cells and photodetectors.

Short episodes of abnormal heart rhythm may not increase risk of stroke
People with pacemakers or defibrillators who experience short episodes an abnormal heart rhythm called atrial fibrillation have no higher risk for stroke or other medical complications than people without documented atrial fibrillation.

USAID funds Mount Sinai and Dimagi to identify and forecast Zika cold spots
The Arnhold Institute for Global Health at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, software company Dimagi, and Guatemalan NGO TulaSalud announced today that their partnership to locate and assess vulnerable areas in Guatemala to determine their level of risk for a Zika epidemic is being funded by the US Agency for International Development (USAID).

Cancer Moonshot expands data collection to boost access to information
In response to Vice President Biden's Cancer Moonshot, representatives from government, academic, pharmaceutical and diagnostic companies hope to jump-start the development of an open database for liquid biopsies.

Lack of health insurance and low socioeconomic status increase mortality in newborns
Higher numbers of newborns die from sepsis if their families have low income or no health insurance.

Scientists uncover new facets of Zika-related birth defects
In a study that could one day help eliminate the tragic birth defects caused by Zika virus, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have elucidated how the virus attacks the brains of newborns, information that could accelerate the development of treatments.

Study suggests gut bacteria can aid recovery from spinal cord injury
Researchers from The Ohio State University have discovered that spinal cord injury alters the type of bacteria living in the gut and that these changes can exacerbate the extent of neurological damage and impair recovery of function.

NASA launches eighth year of Antarctic Ice Change Airborne Survey
At the southern end of the Earth, a NASA plane carrying a team of scientists and a sophisticated instrument suite to study ice is returning to surveying Antarctica.

Wearable artificial vision device shows promise in helping legally blind people 'read'
A unique wearable artificial vision device may help people who are legally blind 'read' and recognize faces.

Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir in CHC: Hint of added benefit in two of ten subindications
Added benefit not proven for eight further subindications because the historical comparisons and considerations of individual study arms submitted were unsuitable for an assessment.

Zucara & CDRD complete licensing deal to select lead therapeutic drug candidate
This new license is an important step forward in bringing a new drug therapy closer to patients living with diabetes.

Reducing risk of lung distress in preterm babies
Steroids for women at risk of preterm birth improve lung development and reduces risk of severe respiratory distress in babies.

Single home visit significantly improves adherence, reduces exacerbations in patients with severe as
A single home visit to patients with severe asthma or COPD may significantly improve patient adherence with office visits and inhaler use and may reduce severe exacerbations requiring emergency department visits.

Plants actively direct their seeds via wind or water towards suitable sites
Plants cannot move to find new places to live in, but they can actively direct their seeds to new suitable places for plant development.

Ancient fish illuminates one of the mysteries of childhood
Remember dropping your milk teeth? After a lot of wiggling the tooth finally dropped out.

National Academy of Medicine awards 2016 Sarnat Prize to Steven Hyman and Robin Murray
The National Academy of Medicine today awarded the 2016 Rhoda and Bernard Sarnat International Prize in Mental Health to two recipients: Steven Hyman, director of the Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research in Cambridge, Mass., and Robin Murray, a professor at King's College London, United Kingdom.

'Super yeast' has the power to improve economics of biofuels
Scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center have found a way to nearly double the efficiency with which a commonly used industrial yeast strain converts plant sugars to biofuel.

National Academy of Medicine awards 2016 Lienhard Award to David Cella
For his pioneering work to measure and apply patient-reported outcomes in health care, the National Academy of Medicine today awarded the Gustav O.Lienhard Award to David Cella, Ralph Seal Paffenbarger Professor and chair, department of medical social sciences, and director, Center for Patient-Centered Outcomes, Institute for Public Health and Medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

Hip fracture deaths higher in small- and medium-sized hospitals than in teaching hospitals
The risk of death after hip fracture is higher for patients in small- and medium-sized hospitals than in teaching hospitals in Canada, found a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

In crafting new treatments for hemophilia, a 'less is more' approach
Hematology researchers have found that blocking the role of a common protein may offer unexpected benefits for patients with the inherited bleeding disorder hemophilia A.

Better prognosis for some PCI patients when operators perform more procedures
Volume matters when it comes to who does certain procedures to removing heart-attack causing blockages from arteries, according to a new study published today in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

How your BMI might affect your brain function
A healthy weight may be good for your brain. UA researchers found that older adults with higher BMI tend to have more inflammation in the body, which in turn may negatively impact cognition.

NIH awards $1.4 million to MPFI and NYU scientists supporting NIH BRAIN Initiative
A $1.4 million, three-year grant from the National Institute of Mental Health of the National Institutes of Health has been awarded to Dr. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to