Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 18, 2016
A protein makes the difference
It is well-established knowledge that blood vessels foster the growth of tumors.

Study examines work status, productivity after bariatric surgery
In a study appearing in the Oct. 18 issue of JAMA, David R.

Study reveals high levels of vitamin D inadequacy in UK adolescents
A study, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, has shown high levels of vitamin D inadequacy in UK adolescents, and -- for the first time -- identified the intake needed by adolescents in order to maintain adequate serum vitamin D levels during the winter time.

Peptides vs. superbugs
Several peptides have an antibacterial effect -- but they are broken down in the human body too quickly to exert this effect.

UT Dallas study: Resolving border issues is best step to peace for rival nations
A new UT Dallas study finds that resolving border disputes gives rival nations the best hope for moving toward peace.

Pushing the boundaries of magnet design
A Russian team has been pushing the boundaries of magnet design, as published in a recent study in EPJ Plus.

RI-MUHC researchers discover new path to stop the spread of cancer
Researchers have discovered that some cancer cells can draw blood from existing mature blood vessels allowing them to continue to spread.

Brand-new cochlear implant technology born from frictional electricity
DGIST Professor Hongsoo Choi (Department of Robotics Engineering) and his research team developed the world's first artificial basilar membrane that mimics the cochlear function by application of the genetic principle of frictional electricity.

R&D collaboration in integrated electronic systems receives top award
Tohoku University's Tetsuo Endoh, Tokyo Electron Limited's Gishi Chung and Keysight Technologies Inc.'s Masaki Yamamoto have been awarded Japan's Prime Minister's Award for Contribution to Industry-Academia-Government Collaboration.

Mizzou collaboration develops treatment for canine megaesophagus
The Veterinary Health Center (VHC) at the University of Missouri's College of Veterinary Medicine is pioneering a new approach to treat one type of canine megaesophagus, a devastating disease of dogs.

Breaking up: a convoluted drama at nuclear scale, too
Regardless of the scenario, breaking up is dramatic. Take the case of carbon splitting into three nuclei of helium.

Inspiration from the ocean
An interdisciplinary team of researchers at UC Santa Barbara has developed a non-toxic, high-quality surface treatment for organic field-effect transistors

NASA watching Supertyphoon Haima close in on Philippines
Supertyphoon Haima continues to move toward the Philippines and NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided a visible image of the storm that revealed a clear eye.

A special bond: New receptors discovered for Helicobacter pylori
Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that can colonize the human stomach -- sometimes with fatal consequences.

Graphene cracks the glass corrosion problem
Researchers at the Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials (CMCM), within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) have demonstrated graphene coating protects glass from corrosion.

Adis partnership with Amplion delivers biomarker data to AdisInsight users
Adis, a leading global provider of drug information, has entered into a partnership with Amplion, market-leaders in biomarker information, to enrich drug and clinical trial content in the AdisInsight platform with curated biomarker data.

A window into battery life for next-gen lithium cells
Dendrites, whiskers of lithium that grow inside batteries and can cause fires like those in the Samsung Galaxy Note 7, are the bane of next-generation lithium batteries.

Women facing intimate partner violence were less likely to use vaginal ring in ASPIRE
Of the 2,629 women enrolled in ASPIRE, a large HIV prevention trial of a monthly vaginal ring, fewer than 5 percent reported they were subject to or feared intimate partner violence.

New Jersey Health Foundation awards Innovation Grant to NJIT biomedical engineer
New Jersey Health Foundation has awarded a $50,000 Innovation Grant to Tara Alvarez, PhD, to help create a 3-D virtual reality therapy game for children suffering with binocular vision dysfunction, announced James M.

New evidence that hormone levels measured in hair can affect IVF success
Levels of a hormone when measured in hair can significantly predict the likelihood of pregnancy in women undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment, scientists at The University of Nottingham have revealed.

Treatments may help people with aging eyes see up close without reading glasses
Researchers are testing cutting-edge treatments for people who want to see up close without reading glasses and finding promising results, according to studies presented this week at AAO 2016, the 120th annual meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

New study: Estimated burden of healthcare-associated infections
A study published today by PLOS Medicine, estimates the combined burden of six healthcare-associated infections as being higher than that of diseases such as influenza, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis together.

Vanderbilt physicists Keivan Stassun and Kalman Varga elected APS Fellows
Two Vanderbilt physicists, Keivan Stassun and Kalman Varga, have been elected fellows of the American Physical Society.

Better, stronger: Polymer breakthrough to improve things we use everyday
Medicine, mobile phones, computers and clothes could all be enhanced using the process for making paint, according to research by the University of Warwick.

NASA spots Tropical Storm Sarika's direct hit to Hainan Island, China
As Tropical Storm Sarika moved over Hainan Island, China, NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured a visible picture of the storm as it made a direct hit.

Women report vaginal ring for preventing HIV had little effect on sexual intercourse
Most women who used an experimental vaginal ring for HIV prevention report that the physical act of sex was largely unaffected by using the product, which is inserted monthly for continuous wear.

More support needed for nurses facing mistreatment at work
New research suggests that nurses need more help dealing with disrespectful behavior from colleagues if patient care is to be maintained.

Two studies describe the function of PrPC, the 'good' alter ego of prions
Two new studies coordinated by SISSA reveal important details about the physiological function of the prion protein, the non-pathological form of the notorious prion, the degenerate protein responsible for several diseases including 'mad cow disease.' According to the new findings, the protein in its physiological form serves the important function of promoting the growth of neurites, the neural projections along which nerve impulses travel.

Study finds 'lurking malice' in cloud hosting services
A study of 20 major cloud hosting services has found that as many as 10 percent of the repositories hosted by them had been compromised -- with several hundred of the 'buckets' actively providing malware.

Study shows major omission in evidence of 'weekend effect' on mortality rates in hospitals
According to new research in the BMJ Quality & Safety journal, previous studies showing an increased risk of mortality following admission to hospital at weekends have failed to take account of the higher severity of patients' conditions.

Leading STEM publisher launches open access platform
Mary Ann Liebert Inc. publishers announces the launch of its platform, featuring the company's open-access publications and services in one online destination.

Fractional calculus: A new language for explaining crowd behavior
From a very young age, we're warned against shouting 'Fire!' in a crowded theater.

When swaying voters, a candidate's identity can matter more than their policies
When Americans cast their vote for the next President, the candidates' personalities may matter more to voters than their stances on international trade.

A major challenge for young heart attack patients: Affordable health care
In the year following a heart attack, financial barriers to healthcare are linked to worse health outcomes in young women and young men, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers published in the current issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Ames Laboratory scientists gain insight on mechanism of unconventional superconductivity
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and partner institutions conducted a systematic investigation into the properties of the newest family of unconventional superconducting materials, iron-based compounds.

Europe's largest medical congress returns to Paris in 2019
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) is proud to announce that its annual congress will be held in Paris at the end of August 2019.

The 1950s: The decade in which gravity physics became experimental
In the 1950s and earlier, the gravity theory of Einstein's general relativity was largely a theoretical science.

World-renowned virologist named 2016 GCHERA World Agriculture Prize Laureate
Development of six vaccines, developing a world-class research facility and training more than one hundred graduate students and post-doctoral fellows earns Dr.

PharmaMar completes the patient recruitment for the Phase 3 pivotal study with PM1183
PharmaMar announces today that the patient recruitment for the randomized and pivotal Phase III 'CORAIL' study with lurbinectedin (PM1183), for the treatment of platinum-resistant ovarian cancer, has been successfully completed.

Impaired recycling of mitochondria in autism?
Tuberous sclerosis complex, a genetic disorder that causes autism in about half of those affected, could stem from a defect in a basic system cells use to recycle their mitochondria, report scientists at Boston Children's Hospital.

Age of 1st chief's ancient tomb reveals Pacific islanders invented new kind of society
A new study from Southern Methodist University, Dallas, used uranium series dating and X-ray fluorescence to date and source an ancient coral reef capital in the Pacific Ocean and determine it was the earliest of the islands ruled by a single chief.

Preschoolers correct speaking mistakes even when talking to themselves
Private speech is a good thing for a child's cognitive development; however, it may be important that children monitor and repair errors in their speech, even when talking to themselves.

Obtaining of silicon nanowires becomes eco-friendly
Scientists from the Faculty of Physics, the Lomonosov Moscow State University have devised a technique of silicon nanowires synthesis.

SNPRC scientists develop MRI-guided neural stem cell delivery method
A national science publication has featured the work of San Antonio scientists aiming to develop a more effective method for delivering neural stem cells to the brain in an effort to move forward stem cell therapies to treat neurological disorders.

Recycling cancer-fighting tools; MU researchers working to produce radioisotopes cheaper
Molybdenum-99, the parent isotope of technetium-99m, is the most widely used radioisotope for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

From Genome Research: Strain-level profiling yields new insights into mother-infant microbiomes
Capturing strain-level genetic differences in human gut microbiomes suggests mother-infant bacterial transmission has been largely overestimated.

New tools identify key evolutionary advantages from ancient hominid interbreeding
Neanderthals. Denisovans. Homo sapiens. Around 50,000 years ago, these hominids not only interbred, but in some cases, modern humans may have also received a special evolutionary advantage from doing so.

NIH awards $30M to Emory, Johns Hopkins, Colorado State for household air pollution study
The Rollins School at Public Health at Emory University, in collaboration with the School of Medicine at Johns Hopkins University and Colorado State University, has been awarded $30 million over five years for a multi-country randomized controlled field trial to assess the impact of cleaner burning cooking stoves on household air pollution and health in four low- and medium-income countries. 

New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

Migraine sufferers have higher levels of nitrate-reducing microbes in their mouths
Researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine (UC San Diego) have found an association between migraines and microbes that reduce nitrates.

Unraveling the science behind biomass breakdown
Using the Titan supercomputer, an ORNL team created models of up to 330,000 atoms that led to the discovery of a THF-water cosolvent phase separation on the faces of crystalline cellulose fiber.

After privatization, link found between new liquor establishments, violence
A team led by a Drexel University professor found that areas of Seattle where new establishments with alcohol were added following Washington state's privatization efforts saw a significant increase in violent assaults.

Bushmeat hunting threatens mammal populations and ecosystems, poses food security threat
The ongoing decline of more than 300 species of animals is having significant environmental impacts and posing a food security threat for millions of people in Asia, Africa and South America, according to the first global assessment of the hunting and trapping of terrestrial mammals.

Migraine sufferers have more nitrate-reducing microbes in their mouths
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have found that the mouths of migraine sufferers harbor significantly more microbes with the ability to modify nitrates than people who do not get migraine headaches.

Full-circle viewing: 360-degree electronic holographic display
A research team from South Korea has developed a novel tabletop display system that allows multiple viewers to simultaneously view a hologram showing a full 3-D image as they walk around the tabletop, giving complete 360-degree access.

Drug-resistant staph bacteria prevalence higher in young children living with hog workers
Young children who reside with adults who work on large industrial hog operations in rural North Carolina had a higher prevalence of antibiotic-resistant in their nasal passages than children who live with adults who live in the same community but do not work on such operations, a new study suggests.

Race influences teachers' referrals to special and gifted education, finds NYU study
Teacher referrals for special and gifted education testing are subjective and may be swayed by a student's race, finds research published in the journal Social Science Research.

Deadly intestinal disease in preemies may be caused by genetic deficiency
A life-threatening condition that causes the intestines in premature infants to become infected and die may be triggered by a disruption in the way the body metabolizes energy, according to Rutgers scientists.

Web of power: How to manage the energy internet
Enter the energy internet. It's based on the idea that electricity could be distributed similarly to the actual internet.

Migration ranges of flying birds depend on body size and flight style
The decades-long tracking of flying birds reveals that body size and flight styles determine the scale of birds' migration, as predicted by the aerodynamic theory of bird flight.

Research to analyze labor induction methods
Despite nearly one million births involving labor induction each year in the US, there has been no single regimen for induction that has been accepted as being superior for patient experience, quality outcomes and costs.

America, the owner's manual
Tired of a divisive campaign season full of mudslinging but lacking substantive discussion of important topics?

It's not your ears, it's your brain
The reason you may have to say something twice when talking to older family members at Thanksgiving dinner may not be because of their hearing.

Olive-oil industry waste used for countless applications in chemical and food industries
A team of researchers from the department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Granada (UGR) has managed to successfully use some of the waste produced in the olive-oil industry to elaborate surface active agents, specifically biosurfactants and monoglycerids, which are molecules with countless applications in chemical and food industries.

Some websites may not be effective in helping cancer patients make treatment decisions
Websites featuring pancreatic treatment modalities differ significantly in the way they present information based on therapy type, according to new findings presented at the 2016 Annual Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.

Placebo reduces back pain -- even when patients know they're taking placebo
For patients with chronic back pain, 'open' treatment with placebo -- informing patients that they are taking an inactive pill, and why it might be helpful -- leads to reductions in pain and disability, reports a study in PAIN®, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain.

Soil moisture, snowpack data could help predict 'flash droughts'
New research suggests that 'flash droughts' -- like the one that unexpectedly gripped the Southern Rockies and Midwest in the summer of 2012 -- could be predicted months in advance using soil moisture and snowpack data.

CUNY-affiliated neurotechnology company wins Innovation Prize 2016
PathMaker Neurosystems, a clinical-stage neurotechnology company developing non-invasive neurotherapy systems to treat neuromotor disorders, has been named as the Recipient of the Universal Biotech Innovation Prize 2016 in the global competition that offers 'a glimpse of the future of life sciences.'

Cell softness predicts corneal transplant success
Stem cell transplantation is a promising strategy for restoring eyesight resulting from corneal damage, but tissue grafts must contain a high percentage of stem cells for clinical success.

Scientists model outer membrane of 12 bacterial species to speed new drugs for 'bad bugs'
Wonpil Im of Lehigh University and his team have investigated the bilayer properties of 21 distinct Lipid A types from 12 gram-negative bacterial species -- an important step in paving the way to new antibiotic drug development.

Protein network linked to cancer is critical to male fertility
Researchers studying reproductive science identified a network of proteins often linked to cancer as also important to male fertility and the birth of healthy offspring, according to a study in the Oct.

Dr. Weber of Kessler Foundation receives Switzer Research Fellowship for TBI research
Erica Weber, PhD, of Kessler Foundation is the recipient of a Switzer Research Fellowship, awarded by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research.

Japan, Taiwan and New Zealand collaborate on seismic hazard models
Destructive earthquakes like the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake and tsunami in Japan, the Canterbury Earthquake Sequence in New Zealand that began in 2010, and the 2016 Meinong, Taiwan earthquake caused significant loss of life and billions of dollars in property damage, making it essential that these countries refine their seismic hazard models to prepare for future earthquakes.

Working under pressure: Diamond micro-anvils with huge pressures will create new materials
University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers will use pressures greater than those found at the center of the Earth to potentially create as yet unknown new materials.

Folinic acid could help children with autism communicate better
Prescription doses of folinic acid, which is a reduced form of a B vitamin known as folate, could help improve the language and communication skills of children with autism spectrum disorder.

Resveratrol can help correct hormone imbalance in women with PCOS
Resveratrol -- a natural compound found in red wine and grapes -- can help address a hormone imbalance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a leading cause of infertility in women, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Anti-inflammatory drugs could help treat symptoms of depression, study suggests
Anti-inflammatory drugs similar to those used to treat conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis could in future be used to treat some cases of depression, concludes a review led by the University of Cambridge, which further implicates our immune system in mental health disorders.

Azure-winged magpies show human-like generosity
Azure-winged magpies take any opportunity to provide food to their group members, even without receiving any reward themselves.

Depression's physical source discovered; potential for new treatments
Understanding of the physical root of depression has been advanced, thanks to research by the University of Warwick, UK, and Fudan University, China.

A new player in appetite control
MIT neuroscientists have discovered brain cells called glial cells play a critical role in controlling appetite and feeding.

Vulnerabilities of leukemia cells revealed using genome editing technique
Researchers from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators have adapted a CRISPR gene editing technique and used it to find new therapeutic targets for acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

Cancers causing the largest loss of healthy life years associated with known major preventable risk factors
A new study finds eleven of the 15 cancers with the most impact on healthy years of life lost in the United States are closely-associated with two preventable risk factors: smoking and alcohol.

Gene links risk of psychiatric disease to reduced synapse numbers
New research led by UC San Francisco scientists has revealed that mutations in a gene linked with brain development may dispose people to multiple forms of psychiatric disease by changing the way brain cells communicate.

Debates: Linguistic trick boosts poll numbers
A study of US presidential debates between 1976 and 2012 found that matching certain aspects of an opponent's language can lead to a bump in the polls.

Impact of the Fukushima accident on marine life, five years later
Five years ago, the largest single release of human-made radioactive discharge to the marine environment resulted from an accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan.

First dinosaur bones found in Denali National Park
Paleontologists from the University of Alaska Fairbanks and the National Park Service found the first dinosaur bones in Denali National Park during an expedition in July.

Study shows why prostate cancer cells develop resistance to treatment
A new study at the University of York has shown that a standard hormone supplement, used to boost energy levels in prostate cancer patients following radiotherapy, could potentially increase the chances of the cancer returning.

UBC research offers faster way to confirm safety of oil and gas pipelines
A simple vibration test can help oil and gas companies prevent pipeline spills in a way that is faster and cheaper than conventional methods, a UBC study shows.

When it comes to polymer fragility, size does matter
By combining a number of tools and techniques, a team of researchers from the US, Italy and China was able to find a more complete picture of the glass transition phenomenon in polymers and to point out where the polymers differ from small molecular liquids.

Insilico Medicine to present on recent advances in AI at BioData World in Cambridge
Insilico Medicine Inc. to present on the recent advances in applying the deep learning techniques to biomarker development and drug discovery at the BioData World Congress in Cambridge, UK.

Can we find more benign nanomaterials?
University of Iowa chemist Sara Mason has won a grant to access a supercomputer network funded by the US National Science Foundation.

Tuberculosis and HIV co-infection
The HIV virus increases the potency of the tuberculosis bacterium (Mtb) by affecting a central function of the immune system.

New termite species condemned to 100 years of solitude with a second chance
While the last species of the termite genus Proneotermes has been discovered more than a hundred years ago, now scientists have described a new and a third one in the open-access journal ZooKeys.

Elder abuse under-identified in US emergency departments
In a new study published this week in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers used a nationally-representative dataset to estimate the frequency with which emergency providers make a formal diagnosis of elder abuse.

Alan Stern, New Horizons receive Cosmos Award for Public Presentation of Science
The principal investigator and team behind NASA's New Horizons mission to Pluto received the Cosmos Award for Outstanding Public Presentation of Science.

UM researchers study vast carbon residue of ocean life
The oceans hold a vast reservoir -- 700 billion tons -- of carbon, dissolved in seawater as organic matter, often surviving for thousands of years after being produced by ocean life.

Dapivirine ring did not confer drug resistance among women who acquired HIV in ASPIRE
Among women who acquired HIV during ASPIRE, researchers found no differences in the frequency and patterns of HIV drug resistance between those assigned to use the monthly vaginal ring containing an anti-retroviral (ARV) drug called dapivirine and those assigned to use a placebo ring with no active drug, say researchers who reported their findings at HIVR4P 2016.

National catalog of protest data gives researchers more complete picture of events
Researchers at the University of Notre Dame found that protest events captured in the study were considerably smaller than those reported in newspapers, and the events were spread out over a far greater number of different cities.

CHLA awarded grant to study immunotherapy resistance in neuroblastoma
A team of investigators at Children's Hospital Los Angeles has received a major, three-year grant from the V Foundation for Cancer Research to study the effects of chemoimmunotherapy in children with neuroblastoma.

Soil moisture for crop health topic of symposium
Soil management and crop productivity closely tied

Study shows significant cost savings with a home-based palliative care program
A home-based palliative care program for individuals with advanced illnesses was associated with a $12,000 reduction in the mean total cost of care per person, fewer hospital admissions and emergency room visits, and greater use of hospice during the final three months of life, as reported in a study published in Journal of Palliative Medicine.

Space-based droplet dynamics lessons?
Astronauts frequently encounter huge droplets in space, and Scott Kelly recently demonstrated their unusual behavior aboard the International Space Station (ISS) via water balls and a hydrophobic (water repellant) ping pong paddle.

The Higgs Bison -- mystery species hidden in cave art
Ancient DNA research has revealed that Ice Age cave artists recorded a previously unknown hybrid species of bison and cattle in great detail on cave walls more than 15,000 years ago.

Salk professor awarded multimillion dollar NIH Pioneer Award
Salk Professor Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte has been awarded a 2016 National Institutes of Health Pioneer Award, a highly coveted grant that supports the most innovative biomedical research, for his work in stem cell biology and regeneration.

Other people are less attention-grabbing to the wealthy
The degree to which other people divert your attention may depend on your social class, according to new findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Experts call for urgent change in the care of young adults with IBD
The Berliner Transitions Program, established in Germany, has reported its first successes in the safe and effective transition of childhood IBD patients into adult care.

Researchers perform large genome-wide analysis of multiple sclerosis
In a genome-wide analysis of more than 110,000 samples, scientists have identified 200 loci associated with multiple sclerosis, a disease in which the immune system attacks the brain and spine, disrupting signaling between the brain and body.

Researchers report high burden of infections acquired in hospitals in Europe
More than 2.5 million cases of healthcare-associated infections are estimated to occur in the European Union and European Economic Area each year, according to a study published by Alessandro Cassini, Diamantis Plachouras and colleagues from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, The Robert Koch Institute and the Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, in PLOS Medicine.

Today's self-taught typists almost as fast as touch typists
New study finds touch typists have a definite edge in speed over nonstandard typists but self-taught typists do nearly as well as long as they can see the keyboard.

Leader of world's top young university honored by President of Singapore
The President of Singapore, Dr. Tony Tan Keng Yam, has awarded Singapore's highest honor for scientists to the President of Nanyang Technological University, Professor Bertil Andersson, for his contributions to scientific research and development in the country, and for his contributions in transforming NTU Singapore into a world-class institution in the last decade.

BU researcher awarded grants to better understand Alzheimer's disease
Sudha Seshadri, MD, professor of neurology at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM), has been awarded three grants this year totaling nearly $20 million from the National Institute on Aging (NIA) and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).

Corneal transplantation alternative may improve outcomes in people with keratoconus
An innovative procedure may improve outcomes in people with a degenerative eye disease, suggest five-year results from a study presented at AAO 2016, the 120th annual meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

WSU portable smartphone laboratory detects cancer
Washington State University researchers have developed a low-cost, portable laboratory on a smartphone that can analyze several samples at once to catch a cancer biomarker, producing lab quality results.

Bacterial genes boost current in human cells
Researchers have harvested genes from bacteria that, with a few tweaks, can create and enhance electrical signaling in cultured human cells.

Infants in Northern Canada face the highest rates of respiratory infection in the world
Infants in Canada's north are facing alarming rates of respiratory infection, but providing an antibody to all infants will prevent hundreds of hospitalizations of babies in the Arctic and save hundreds of thousands of dollars a year.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Nicole going 'extra-tropical'
Tropical Storm Nicole was becoming extra-tropical when the NASA-NOAA Suomi NPP satellite passed over it from space and captured a visible picture of the storm.

Eureka! Gender affects how we judge competence, genius
Think of the word 'genius,' and a few images undoubtedly come to mind -- perhaps a picture of Albert Einstein, of a scientist in a lab shouting 'Eureka!' or of present-day theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking.

Identity beats policy when it comes to voter choices
Two motivations -- your policy positions and your social identity -- compete to shape which candidate you choose and whether you will vote, according to a new set of predictions by Duke University scientists.

Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy is a popular treatment among breast cancer patients
Fear of recurrence was the most frequently identified reason for choosing contralateral prophylactic mastectomy in one online health community, according to study results presented at the 2016 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.

Bright idea that's streets ahead: Australian LED street lighting trial
QUT researchers in Brisbane, Australia, have successfully trialed LED street lights in three areas of Queensland where they found energy savings of up to 82 percent. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to