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Science News and Current Events for October 19, 2016


Study: Does a cancer cell's shape hint at its danger?
Paper published in the journal Integrative Biology shows that a cancer cell's shape may be combined with genomic data to offer a more precise prognosis and guide strategies for treating a patient's disease.
Burrowing echidnas essential for health of Australian environment
Australia is home to some of the planet's most iconic creatures and it now turns out that one of the lesser known indigenous species, the spiky short-beaked echidna, is essential for the health of Australia's soils.
Tweaking the immune response might be a key to combat neurodegeneration
Patients with Alzheimer's or other neurodegenerative diseases progressively loose neurons yet cannot build new ones.
Caloric restriction can be beneficial to the brain, study shows
A 40 percent reduction in dietary caloric intake increases mitochondrial calcium retention in situations where intracellular calcium levels are pathologically high.
Leaders in Healthcare
Join aspiring leaders to address some of the biggest issues facing healthcare leadership and management in the UK, affecting the professional workforce as well as the population.
High-intensity training in patients with operable NSCLC improved aerobic performance
Preoperative high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) improved aerobic performance in patients but failed to reduce early complications after tumor resection.
NSF funds new projects to advance energy-efficient computing
The National Science Foundation and Semiconductor Research Corporation have jointly awarded $21.6 million for nine new projects to find revolutionary solutions that will enable more energy-efficient computing, from brain-inspired computer architectures to hybrid digital-analog designs.
Did LIGO detect black holes or gravastars?
After the first direct detection of gravitational waves that was announced last February by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration and made news all over the world, Luciano Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany) and Cecilia Chirenti (Federal University of ABC in Santo André, Brazil) set out to test whether the observed signal could have been a gravastar or not.
Creating 3-D hands to keep us safe, increase security
Michigan State University biometrics researchers created a life-size 3-D model hand complete with fingerprints using a 3-D high resolution printer.
First glimpse of end-of chromosome repair in real time
Researchers have developed a first-of-its- kind system to observe repair to broken DNA in newly synthesized telomeres, an effort which has implications for designing new cancer drugs.
Researchers assess impact of exome sequencing on newborns and their families
Early results from the BabySeq Project, a study exploring the impact of whole-exome sequencing on newborn infants and their families, suggest some utility in sequencing these infants and offer insights into parental attitudes toward the procedure and results.
Development of highly active and stable ammonia synthesis catalyst under low temperatures
Profs. Hosono, Hara, Kitano, Abe and Dr. Inoue found that ruthenium nanoparticles immobilized on calcium amide (Ca(NH2)2) function as an efficient catalyst for ammonia synthesis at 300°C and the catalytic activity is more than 10 times higher than that of the highest performance Ru catalysts reported so far.
Biomass heating could get a 'green' boost with the help of fungi
In colder weather, people have long been warming up around campfires and woodstoves.
'Any enrollment, any time': Penn Acute Research Collaboration supports lifesaving research
To address these gaps in research for patients with life-threatening injuries and illnesses, on Thursday, Penn Medicine will formally launch the Penn Acute Research Collaboration, a first-of-its-kind initiative to give a much needed shot of support to research projects in emergency departments, trauma bays, operating rooms, and intensive care units.
Science shows cheese can make wine taste better
A new scientific study shows that eating cheese may actually increase how much someone likes the wine they are drinking.
Wyss Institute's rapid Zika test named "Best of What's New" by Popular Science magazine
A rapid Zika test, developed by an international, multi-institutional team of researchers led by synthetic biologist James Collins, Ph.D., at Harvard University's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, has today been named a 2016
NIFA awards $4.7 million for food safety outreach, education
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced more than $4.7 million in grants for food safety education, training and technical assistance projects for producers who are impacted by the new food safety guidelines established by the Food and Drug Administration under the Food Safety Modernization Act.
Mapping the elephant ivory trade: New evidence revealed
Archaeologists from the University of York have conducted pioneering analysis on historic ivory, revealing where East African elephants roamed and where they were hunted in the 19th century.
Does it matter how long you sit -- if you are fit?
It may not be enough just to meet public health guidelines for physical activity if you want to stave off the negative effects of a sedentary lifestyle.
Study finds link between childhood cancer and poor dietary quality in adulthood
Survivors of childhood cancer have poor adherence to federal dietary guidelines in adulthood, a new study finds.
Deep-space images show violent wind collision in one of the heaviest stars in our galaxy
These are the first ever images to show the collision between two winds on a star.
New review article examines mechanisms behind the functional health properties of vinegar
A review article published in Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety summarized the functional properties of grain vinegars and fruit vinegars and compared the functional ingredients, sources, and formation mechanisms of grain and fruit vinegars.
Scientists find new genetic roots of schizophrenia
UCLA study used 3-D chromosome-mapping technology to advance understanding of the cause schizophrenia.
Exploring vast 'submerged America,' marine scientists discover 500 bubbling methane vents
Five hundred vents newly discovered off the US west coast, each bubbling methane from Earth's belly, top a long list of revelations about 'submerged America' being celebrated by leading marine explorers meeting Oct.
Offspring from fat fish on deep reefs help keep shallower populations afloat
Populations of coral reef fish in shallower, more vulnerable habitats likely owe at least some of their sustainability to the prodigious reproductive abilities of large, old counterparts that dwell at greater depths, a recent study suggests.
NASA analyzes Typhoon Haima in visible and infrared light
NASA satellite data provided a look at Super Typhoon Haima in visible and infrared light to show the extent and strength of the storm.
Highly sensitive cancer mutation profiling and single-cell genomics research using Bio-Rad's Droplet Digital™ technology presented at ASHG 2016
Scientists will present research demonstrating the use of Bio-Rad's Droplet Digital technology for highly accurate copy number quantification, mutation detection, and single-cell sequencing.
Highest resolution image of Eta Carinae
Astronomers have used the Very Large Telescope Interferometer to image the Eta Carinae star system in the greatest detail ever achieved.
Researchers collaborate to develop bird's eye view of rural community health
Scientists from the Wits School of Public Health, the Africa Health Research Institute (AHRI) in Kwa-Zulu Natal and the University of Limpopo have established a network of surveillance sites to study health and demographics in rural communities and thereby understand the impact of poverty, inequality and unemployment.
Amazon fishery management provides rare 'win-win' for conservation and poverty alleviation
A study into freshwater lake management along the Amazon's most meandering river has demonstrated astounding benefits to local livelihoods in replenishing vitally important fish stocks -- a source of much-needed food and income.
Better diabetic foot disease care would save taxpayers billions
Australia could save billions of dollars in healthcare costs by investing in proven treatments for people with diabetic foot disease, according to QUT research.
AMP explores technology advancements to improve diagnosis & treatment for infectious diseases
The Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP) today announced a new report that examines how sophisticated technology advancements are being implemented to improve diagnosis and optimize treatment selection for multiple invasive, opportunistic and often deadly infectious diseases.
No uptick in marijuana use by adolescents after states pass medical marijuana laws
Adults over the age of 25 increased their use of marijuana after their home states made changes to medical marijuana laws, according to new research by scientists at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.
National Academy of Medicine elects Mayo Clinic's Michael Yaszemski, M.D., Ph.D.
Michael J. Yaszemski, M.D., Ph.D., Mayo Clinic orthopedic surgeon and researcher, has been elected to the National Academy of Medicine.
Tiny gold particles could be the key to developing a treatment for pancreatic cancer
A diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is often a death sentence because chemotherapy and radiation have little impact on the disease.
Dartmouth study: How age-related genetic anomalies contribute to the maternal age effect
For women in their 30s and beyond, the probability of a pregnancy that results in a miscarriage or a Down syndrome pregnancy is staggering with the risk increasing to 1 in 3 by the time a woman reaches her early 40s due to the 'maternal age effect.' Dartmouth researchers have provided the first evidence in vivo that an increase of reactive oxygen species within oocytes causes a significant increase in meiotic chromosome segregation errors.
Digestive byproduct may predict greater risk of death among PAD patients
Patients with narrowed peripheral arteries and high blood levels of a digestive byproduct were significantly more likely to die during a five-year study than were peripheral artery disease patients with lower levels of the digestive byproduct.
One-third of breast cancer patients not getting appropriate breast imaging follow-up exam
An annual mammogram is recommended after treatment for breast cancer, but nearly one-third of women diagnosed with breast cancer aren't receiving this follow-up exam, according to new findings presented at the 2016 Annual Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.
Are hot flashes genetic?
Researchers may have found a clue to why some women experience hot flashes or night sweats and others don't: gene variants affecting a brain receptor regulating estrogen release and is present across all ethnicities.
Digital tools for more safety in the food chain
When feeds are contaminated with potentially health-damaging substances, such as per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS)/per- and polyfluorinated chemicals (PFC) from the environment, these substances can be transferred into foods such as meat, milk and eggs.
NIH study determines key differences between allergic and non-allergic dust mite proteins
Scientists from the National Institutes of Health have determined what differentiates dust mite allergens from the non-allergen proteins dust mites produce.
Cutting food waste, but tossing more packaging: Our plastics conundrum
These days, grocery stores contain aisle after aisle of products encased in plastic packaging.
Anthranilic diamides could potentially replace neonicotinoid seed treatments and pyrethroid sprays
Insecticides known as anthranilic diamides can be used effectively for seed treatments in vegetable crops as an alternative to neonicotinoid seed treatments, and foliar-applied diamides could potentially replace pyrethroids sprays, according to new research published in the Journal of Economic Entomology.
How plants make friends with fungi
Many fungi damage or even kill plants. But there are also plant-friendly fungi: Most land plants live in close community with arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AM fungi) that stimulate their growth.
Study finds new way to increase antioxidant levels in coffee with wine production waste
A study published in the Journal of Food Science found that adding a small amount of Chardonnay grape seed pomace, a waste stream of wine production, to coffee may augment the antioxidant capacity of the beverage without significantly altering the appearance, taste or aroma.
Population analysis suggests Grauer's gorilla is Critically Endangered
Grauer's gorilla, which is confined to the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, is now Critically Endangered, according to a study published Oct.
Triploid flowering pears reduce self-sowing
In analyses of 13 flowering pear triploids, relative female fertility was significantly reduced, ranging from 0.0% to 33.6%.
Neu5Gc in red meat and organs may pose a significant health hazard
Neu5Gc, a non-human sialic acid sugar molecule common in red meat that increases the risk of tumor formation in humans, is also prevalent in pig organs, with concentrations increasing as the organs are cooked, a study by researchers from the UC Davis School of Medicine and Xiamen University School of Medicine has found.
Methodology advance at HZB: Ionic liquids simplify laser experiments on liquid samples
An HZB team has developed a new approach to conduct photoemission spectroscopy of molecules in solution.
Abuse of some prescription drugs can be risk for college sexual assaults, regretted sex
Research from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions has found the abuse of prescription drugs by college students can play a role in negative sexual events such as sexual assault and regretted sex.
What's best for birds in fire-prone landscapes?
Two new papers from The Condor: Ornithological Applications demonstrate the complex challenges involved in balancing the management of fire-prone landscapes with the needs of wildlife in the American West.
Increase in visits to emergency departments persists following Medicaid expansion
Visits to hospital emergency departments not only jumped by 40 percent in Oregon after Medicaid coverage was expanded there in 2008 -- but the increase persisted for at least two years, according to a new study.
Rockcress as heavy-metal hoover
Rockcress of the Arabidopsis halleri species is known to possess the capability of settling on hostile, heavy metal-contaminated soil.
Innovative technique for shaping light could solve bandwidth crunch
Researchers from University of Witwatersrand, South Africa, have developed a technique known as spatial multiplexing for optical communications networks.
UTA researchers earn phase II TxDOT funding to model geothermal de-icing of bridges
A team of researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington will test concepts it developed during the last year to use geothermal energy to make Texas bridges and overpasses safer during winter weather.
Scientists find technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic devices
Researchers at the Nanoscale Transport Physics Laboratory from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand have found a technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic device applications.
A vitamin could help treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Researchers are working on a new strategy to combat one of the most severe forms of muscular dystrophy.
Control system serpent: Scientists propose new model for automation
In 360 BC, Plato wrote, 'Whatever comes into existence, always comes as a whole.' In 2016, scientists are using the same philosophy to develop a new automation model for robotic systems.
Study uncovers how cells organize the growth of their structural filaments
Researchers have described how two proteins work together to guide the assembly of important structural elements known as microtubules within the cell.
Biochemistry: Combining two catalytic worlds
Researchers of the Ruhr-Universität Bochum have combined biological and chemical catalysts in a system to create a common product.
Anti-cancer effects found in natural compound derived from onions
Research coming out of Kumamoto University, Japan has found that a natural compound isolated from onions has several anti-cancer properties.
Hidden chirality
The preparation of chiral compounds as intermediates in drug synthesis is one of the most important targets in synthetic organic chemistry.
Reshaping the future of global clinical trials practice
Researchers at the University of Liverpool have developed a new international guideline to help standardize how results from clinical trial studies are reported.
Successful infographics
Facebook and Pinterest love infographics. But what makes an infographic effective?
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine receive $2.6 million NIH grant to develop targeted cancer immunotherapies
Researchers, led by Steven Almo, Ph.D., and Chandan Guha, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., at Albert Einstein College of Medicine have received a five-year, $2.6 million NIH grant to make immunotherapy agents that are more precise and effective at treating various types of cancers.
Study explains strength gap between graphene, carbon fiber
Carbon fibers used to strengthen composite materials can be made stronger than advertised, according to materials scientists at Rice University.
Finding the lightest superdeformed triaxial atomic nucleus
The nuclei of atoms of heavy elements do not necessarily take a spherical shape: they may be variously extended or flattened along one, two or even three axes.
NYU researchers discover clues for identifying Yik Yak users on college campuses
Experiments by researchers at NYU Tandon and NYU Shanghai have successfully cracked the veil of anonymity in Yik Yak, an ostensibly anonymous social media application.
Neurodevelopmental model of Zika may provide rapid answers
A newly published study from researchers working in collaboration with the Regenerative Bioscience Center at the University of Georgia demonstrates fetal death and brain damage in early chick embryos similar to microcephaly--a rare birth defect linked to the Zika virus, now alarming health experts worldwide.
Removal of lobe instead of total thyroid may benefit papillary thyroid cancer patients
Most Americans with thyroid cancer have an operation to remove the thyroid gland, but those with a smaller, less-threatening form of thyroid cancer may be missing out on a less extensive, less costly, and safer operation that's actually more effective in treating their cancer, according to study results presented at the 2016 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.
Microcrystals of membrane proteins no longer hiding from scientists
MIPT's scientists that previously succeeded in growing protein microcrystals within just three weeks to make studying proteins easier, offer an alternative to the conventionally used SONICC method of protein crystal detection.
NASA catches Tropical Depression Sarika's landfall
Tropical Depression Sarika made landfall early on Oct. 19 as NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed overhead and provided an image of the storm.
Opiate painkillers prescribed after severe injury do not lead to long-term use
Nearly three of four patients who sustain major trauma and receive a new prescription for an opiate pain reliever will discontinue use of the drug by one month after hospital discharge, according to new study results presented at the 2016 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.
All yeasts are not created equal
A study recently published by a team of researchers led by Concordia professor Malcolm Whiteway in Current Biology shows that the type of yeast in bread is less similar to the type that causes fungal infections than previously thought.
Study shows functional effects of human stem cell delivery to heart muscle after heart attack
Researchers delivered human stem cells seeded in biological sutures to the damaged heart muscles of rats following induced acute myocardial infarction and assessed the effects on cardiac function one week later.
How the African clawed frog got an extra pair of genes
The African clawed frog's ancestor inherited one set of chromosomes each from two different species and doubled its whole genome some 18 million years ago, according to an international research consortium led by Japanese and American scientists who sequenced the entire genome of the Xenopus laevis for the first time.
Archaeologists use drones to trial virtual reality
Archaeologists at The Australian National University and Monash University are conducting a trial of new technology to build a 3-D virtual-reality map of one of Asia's most mysterious sites -- the Plain of Jars in Laos.
Reducing ammonia pollution from cattle
Agriculture is responsible for 90% of all ammonia pollution in Europe, a considerable part of which comes from cattle manure management: a new study shows what steps to take to reduce this pollution.
New research could help build better hearing aids
Scientists at Binghamton University, State University of New York want to improve sensor technology critical to billions of devices made every year.
Exploring defects in nanoscale devices for possible quantum computing applications
Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology in collaboration with the University of Cambridge have studied the interaction between microwave fields and electronic defect states inside the oxide layer of field-effect transistors at cryogenic temperatures.
NASA's MAVEN mission observes ups and downs of water escape from Mars
MAVEN has determined that Mars's escaping water does not always go gently into space.
Link found between selfie viewing and decreased self-esteem
Frequent viewing of selfies through social network sites like Facebook is linked to a decrease in self-esteem and life satisfaction, according to Penn State researchers in mass communications.
Cook Medical donates $1 million to advance the Indiana Biosciences Research Institute
Cook Medical gives $1 million research grant to the Indiana Biosciences Research Institute to support new phase of growth for the Institute.
New mobile robot to support agri-tech experiments in the field
A new agricultural robot with technology which has the potential to change the landscape of arable farming is being field-tested at the University of Lincoln, UK.
The 27th Great Wall International Congress of Cardiology
The 27th Great Wall International Congress of Cardiology (GW-ICC), Asia Pacific Heart Congress 2016 & International Congress Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation 2016 was successfully held from October 13th to 16th at the China National Convention Center (CNCC), Beijing, China.
Growing gold: Researchers develop gold nanowires for biomedical procedures
A novel invention by Kansas State University researchers may benefit biomedical professionals and the patients they serve during electrode and organ transplant procedures.
Drinking an ice slurry/water mix helps body cope with exertion in hot weather
New research from the University of Montana demonstrates a unique relationship between fluid volume and fluid temperature during arduous work in the heat.
Modified natural cycle IVF more cost-effective and affordable than traditional IVF
An cost and live birth analysis of 6 conventional IVF treatment strategies against 6 similar, corresponding strategies using modified natural cycle IVF showed significant savings with the latter method.
Resilient 'risky-and-reliable' plant use strategy may have driven Neolithization in Jordan
A resilient dietary strategy balancing reliable wetland plants and 'riskier' seasonal grasses may have driven adoption of the sedentary lifestyle which later became typical of Neolithic humans, according to a study published Oct.
Andrea Cheville, M.D., of Mayo Clinic elected to the National Academy of Medicine
Andrea Cheville, M.D., physical medicine and rehabilitation researcher and director of the Cancer Rehabilitation Program at Mayo Clinic, has been elected to the National Academy of Medicine.
Are extraverts always at an advantage in team-based work?
New research taking an in-depth look at the role of energy in the perceived advantage of being an extravert has been conducted by the University of Surrey in collaboration with the Center for Creative Leadership in North Carolina (USA), Erasmus University (The Netherlands), Grenoble Ecole de Management (France) and Cornell University (USA).
Overcoming egocentricity increases self-control
Neurobiological models of self-control usually focus on brain mechanisms involved in impulse control and emotion regulation.
New innovation in modeling and designing power grids
The research group led by Mengchu Zhou, a Distinguished Professor of electrical and computer engineering at the New Jersey Institute of Technology, uses the Petri net to analyze and model a microgrid.
The unseen cancer crisis: Alarming disparities found across Appalachia
Rural Appalachia has gone from having the lowest cancer death rate in the country to the highest -- and that's just part of a growing cancer crisis in the region, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine suggests.
Toothpaste significantly reduces dental plaque and inflammation throughout the body
For decades, research has suggested a link between oral health and inflammatory diseases affecting the entire body -- in particular, heart attacks and strokes.
Researchers explore how Zika infection causes microcephaly
Infection with Zika virus disrupts fetal brain development by interfering with the proliferation of human neural progenitor cells (hNPCs), a type of cell that drives neurodevelopment and proliferates into brain and nervous system cells.
Exploring the relationship of ethics and privacy in learning analytics and design
The Springer journal Educational Technology Research and Development has published a special issue that examines the relationship of ethics and privacy in learning analytics, guest edited by Dr.
Scientists create most detailed map of the Milky Way
Australian scientists have worked with researchers in Germany to create the most detailed map of the Milky Way, using the world's largest radio telescopes.
Shadows reveal how insects walk on water (video)
Water striders' ability to walk and jump on the surfaces of ponds and lakes has long amazed curious observers -- and inspired robot designers who want to mimic the bugs' talent.
The road to green hydrogen runs through mazes in algal proteins
Hydrogen fuel cells produce electricity, we are increasingly thinking about hydrogen as the successor of crude oil.
Research shows US tendency to hide war against democracies, secretly detain their citizens
A US bent toward clandestine actions against democracies and open wars against non-democracies held true for both Democratic and Republican administrations.
New hope for recovery of hand movement for stroke patients
Stroke patients are starting a trial of a new electronic device to recover movement and control of their hand.
Signaling pathway could be key to improved osteoporosis treatment
A molecular signaling pathway identified by an international research team could be the basis of improved treatment for osteoporosis.
Seed coating effective on turfgrass under deficit irrigation
Researchers used low-dose applications of a surfactant film coating (SFC) in experiments with two species of turfgrass.
Pitt to lead trauma network, up to $90M in Department of Defense-funded trauma research
The University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences has been awarded a US Department of Defense contract that could lead to $90 million in research over the next decade to improve trauma care for both civilians and military personnel.
With new model, buildings may 'sense' internal damage
Researchers at MIT have developed a computational model that makes sense of such ambient vibrations, picking out key features in the noise that give indications of a building's stability.
Study shows low vitamin D levels are associated with increased negative and depressive symptoms in psychotic disorders
New research presented at this year's International Early Psychosis Association meeting in Milan, Italy (Oct.
Severe lead poisoning in children: Causes and risk factors
Although national and local policies have reduced the prevalence of lead poisoning in the United States, severe cases still occur.
Improving the sustainability of US cities - new report
A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine offers a road map and recommendations to help US cities work toward sustainability, measurably improving their residents' economic, social, and environmental well-being.
Cleveland Clinic study finds whole grain diet reduces cardiovascular disease risk
A team of Cleveland Clinic researchers, in collaboration with Nestlé Research Center, conducted one of the largest controlled studies of its kind on whole grains and concluded that a diet rich in whole grains may significantly lower the risk of cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese adults under the age of 50.
Women in statistics, data science focus of national conference to expand opportunity, diversity
Recognizing the importance of diverse perspectives in applying statistical knowledge and data science skills to solving some of society's complex challenges, the American Statistical Association is holding its Women in Statistics and Data Science conference Oct.
2-D physics
Physicist Andrea Young receives a 2016 Packard Fellowship to pursue his studies of van der Waals heterostructures.
IMI SAFE-T and C-Path PSTc obtain regulatory support for new liver safety biomarkers
IMI's SAFE-T (Safer and Faster Evidence Based Translation) Consortium and C-Path's Predictive Safety Testing Consortium (PSTC) announced today that FDA and EMA issued Letters of Support for new liver safety biomarkers: cytokeratin 18 (CK-18), high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1), osteopontin, and macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (MCSFR1, or CSF1R).
Older men cling to 1950s, '60s blueprint of masculinity
As men age, they continue to follow dominant ideas of masculinity learned as youth, leaving them unequipped for the assaults of old age, according to a new study.
Researchers identify breast cancer risk factors for younger, black women
Black women under the age of 45 are at increased risk for an aggressive form of breast cancer [estrogen receptor (ER) negative] if they experienced a high number of pregnancies, never breast fed, and/or had higher waist-to-hip ratio.
Shorter-time between bariatric surgery and childbirth associated with increased risk of complication
Infants who were born less than two years after a mother's bariatric surgery had higher risks for prematurity, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and small for gestational age status compared with longer intervals between bariatric surgery and childbirth, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.
23andMe launches Genotyping Services for Research grant program
23andMe, Inc. today announced a grant program as part of its Genotyping Services for Research platform.
Going for a run could improve cramming for exams
Ever worried that all the information you've crammed in during a study session might not stay in your memory?
Doubling down on DNA
The African clawed frog X. laevis genome contains two full sets of chromosomes from two extinct ancestors.
Metabolite protects mice against muscle wasting
Vitamin supplements that boost a key metabolite in the body can slow the advance of muscle wasting, according to a new investigation in mice.
Ultrasound reveals thickening of neck artery is evident in young patients with early psychosis
New research presented at this week's International Early Psychosis Association meeting in Milan, Italy, (Oct.
Monkeys are seen making stone flakes so humans are 'not unique' after all
In a paper, published in Nature, the research team says this finding is significant because archaeologists had always understood that the production of multiple stone flakes with characteristics such as conchoidal fractures and sharp cutting edges was a behaviour unique to hominins.
Growing industrial hemp in eastern Canada: A new frontier
In Canada, growing industrial hemp was legalized in 1998. Eighteen years later, producers still face many challenges.
The latest science on Zika and the challenges ahead
As health officials around the world continue to fight the spread of Zika, scientists are working quickly to better understand the virus.
Genomic testing could speed research on skin disease, bring new drugs to patients faster
When a person suffering from psoriasis starts taking a new therapy, it can currently take months to assess if the drug is working.
Researchers create method to evaluate profitability of service amenities
Say you're a hotel manager trying to decide whether to build a pool: Will the additional reservations you bring in from that amenity offset the cost of construction and maintenance?
Researchers evaluate cost-effectiveness of noninvasive prenatal screening in Quebec
Adding noninvasive prenatal genetic screening for fetal chromosomal abnormalities to the current testing strategy in Quebec would be more cost-effective than current approaches, per a new study.
Binge-eating disorder linked to other health conditions
Binge-eating disorder was linked with a broad range of other illnesses in a recent study, with the strongest associations related to the endocrine and circulatory systems.
Scientists find link between tropical storms and decline of river deltas
Research by the University of Southampton shows that a change in the patterns of tropical storms is threatening the future of the Mekong River delta in Vietnam, indicating a similar risk to other deltas around the world.
Penn physician argues for 'meaningful' update to national Alzheimer's act
A key strategy missing from the ambitious Alzheimer's disease plan signed into law by President Obama six years ago could send investigational drugs down a precarious pipeline, argue two physicians.
Exercise may help ward off memory decline
Exercise may be associated with a small benefit for elderly people who already have memory and thinking problems, according to new research published in the Oct.
Curious tilt of the sun traced to undiscovered planet
'Planet Nine,' which may lurk beyond Neptune, may be the reason that the solar system's planets orbit at a six-degree angle with respect to the sun.
International prize in statistics awarded to Sir David Cox for survival analysis model
Prominent British statistician Sir David Cox has been named the inaugural recipient of the International Prize in Statistics.
Developmental science research sheds new light on the origins of discrimination, social exclusion
Experiencing prejudice and discrimination in childhood can have long term consequences, including depression, poor academic performance and negative health outcomes.
Algae discovery offers potential for sustainable biofuels
Algae with altered intracellular signaling have increased oil yields.
It's official: Phonon and magnon are a couple
IBS scientists observe and model the coupling of two collective atomic excitations, known as magnons and phonons.
Scientists link single gene to some cases of autism spectrum disorder
Scientists, led by a group at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
Geneticists welcome Kuwaiti decision to amend law on compulsory DNA collection
The European Society of Human Genetics has welcomed the decision of the Emir of Kuwait to request the Kuwaiti Prime Minister to reconsider the scope of the law that would have imposed compulsory DNA testing on all residents as well as visitors to the country.
Subnatural-linewidth biphotons generated from a Doppler-broadened hot atomic vapor cell
A group of scientists from HKUST were able to produce subnatural-linewidth (<6MHz) biphotons from a Doppler-broadened (530MHz) hot atomic vapour cell.
Carbone clinical trials test dietary therapy for triple-negative breast cancer
A new clinical trial for women with clinically aggressive triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) will test a novel theory: Will a diet low in an essential nutrient make TNBC cells more vulnerable to cell killing by a new cancer drug?
Common infection-fighting white blood cells can be hijacked to support cancer spread
Study reveals how neutrophils, the most common white blood cells, can be 'hijacked' by cancer cells and used to promote metastasis.
Societal collapse and regeneration
Anthropologist Danielle Kurin examines the effects of the abrupt and catastrophic demise of the Wari Empire 1,000 years ago.
Trial finds Red Bull additive taurine improves symptoms of young people suffering first episode psychosis
New research presented at this year's International Early Psychosis Association meeting in Milan, Italy, (Oct.
Extensive heat treatment in Middle Stone Age silcrete tool production in South Africa
Humans living in South Africa in the Middle Stone Age may have used advanced heating techniques to produce silcrete blades, according to a study published Oct.
UMass Amherst leads international astronomical camera project
New discoveries in star formation, galaxy cluster physics, ultra-deep galactic exploration and magnetic field surveys of the universe are coming soon, say a team of astronomers led by Grant Wilson at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, who are building the next-generation, most sensitive millimeter-wavelength polarimetric camera on Earth for studying the heavens.
Astrophysicists map the Milky Way
Scientists have created a detailed map of the Milky Way using two of the world's largest fully steerable radio telescopes in Germany and Australia.
Dust mite allergens share rare combo of qualities
Allergy researchers have long wondered why people consistently develop allergies to some proteins but not others.
The silver lining of an inflammatory bowel disease diagnosis
While there is understandably much anxiety associated with a new IBD diagnosis, children and parents should sleep easier knowing that adults with IBD, who were diagnosed during their childhood, are doing exceptionally well in terms of educational levels attained, annual income and marital status, according to a study published as an article in press in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.
U-M becomes training site for NIH career development program in emergency care research
The University of Michigan was recently awarded funding from the National Institutes of Health to establish an institutional career development program for advanced training in emergency critical care research.
Research reveals how novel osteoporosis drug increases bone mass
Abaloparatide, a selective activator of the parathyroid hormone receptor, has recently been shown to reduce fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.

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#448 Pavlov (Rebroadcast)
This week, we're learning about the life and work of a groundbreaking physiologist whose work on learning and instinct is familiar worldwide, and almost universally misunderstood. We'll spend the hour with Daniel Todes, Ph.D, Professor of History of Medicine at The Johns Hopkins University, discussing his book "Ivan Pavlov: A Russian Life in Science."