Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 25, 2016
Physician fine-tuning mouse model for rare condition in which HPV infection causes hoarseness, breat
Infection with the common human papillomavirus can result in a rare condition that can leave children chronically hoarse and with difficulty breathing.

Study gives tips for avoiding mistakes in pediatric chest radiography
While radiography remains the gold standard in pediatric imaging, it is rife with opportunities for error because cooperation and positioning are often challenging for such patients.

NASA sees Hurricane Seymour becoming a major hurricane
Hurricane Seymour was strengthening into a major hurricane in the Eastern Pacific Ocean when the NASA-NOAA Suomi NPP satellite passed over it from space.

The Lancet: Parent-led early intervention for autism is the first to show reduction in symptom severity through to ages 7-11
An early intervention for autism aimed at helping parents communicate with their child has been shown to have an effect on reducing the severity of autism symptoms, and this reduction continued for six years after the end of treatment, according to a study published in The Lancet.

Structure of key DNA replication protein solved
Mount Sinai researchers say the protein structure can be used to improve effectiveness of chemotherapy.

Pitt-led team receives $2.95 million NIH grant to predict at-risk cerebral aneurysms
An international research team led by the University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering recently received a grant from the National Institutes of Health to improve risk assessment and treatment of cerebral aneurysms.

Dose of dextrose gel lowers risk of low blood sugar in newborns
A single dose of dextrose gel, rubbed inside a newborn's mouth an hour after birth, can lower their risk of developing neonatal hypoglycemia, according to a randomized study published in PLOS Medicine by Jane Alsweiler from the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and colleagues.

UK and France see highest number of imported malaria cases
An international study, led by the University of Southampton, shows the UK and France experience the highest number of malaria cases imported from other countries.

Improved water splitting advances renewable energy conversion
Washington State University researchers have found a way to more efficiently create hydrogen from water -- an important key in making renewable energy production and storage viable.

Suicide prevention: Reacting to the tell-tale signs
Can search engines save lives? Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich researchers are working on an approach which would enable search engines to more effectively identify users who are at risk of suicide and provide them with information on where to find help.

Study identifies 2 new genes responsible for Alzheimer's disease among African-Americans
Researchers have identified two new genetic risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD) among African Americans.

To help divorced parents, programs should address financial and parenting barriers
A new study from the University of Missouri shows that concerns about co-parenting differ by gender, impacting the ability of divorced parents to work together in supporting their children's development.

MTRAC awards spur biomedical innovation at Wayne State University
Five Wayne State University research teams were recently awarded funding from Wayne State's Michigan Translational Research and Commercialization (MTRAC) program.

Towards better metallic glasses
Researchers from the University of Bristol have used state-of-the-art computer simulation to test a theory from the 1950s that when atoms organize themselves into 3-D pentagons they suppress crystallization.

UBC researcher worries global warming may harm predator and prey connections
A UBC study highlights the potential harm that climate change may have on a number of predator and prey relationships.

Portland State researchers to ID risk factors for campus sexual assault
Portland State U psychology professor Keith L. Kaufman and Rutgers University researchers will identify and address risk factors that can lead to campus sexual assault using a $250,000 Department of Justice grant.

People trying quit smoking don't always focus on tobacco cessation
Fifty percent of statements made by smokers during counseling sessions designed to help them stop have nothing to do with quitting, a UBC study has found.

Customer-oriented firms are environmental leaders
The extent to which companies orient themselves around their customers contributes to their adoption of environmental management practices and hence their capacity for environmental innovation.

Clinton's coalition of young supporters as large as Obama's in 2012
A new GenForward survey released today reveals that support for Hillary Clinton among young white adults has increased in the past month and that she is now positioned to win a similar percentage of young voters to that of Barack Obama in 2012 (60 percent).

Adolescents do not 'get the gist' when it comes to making risky decisions online
Adolescents are more likely than adults to take online risks, regardless of the gamble involved, according to new research by the University of Plymouth.

Combining dental, medical procedures may safely limit children's anesthesia exposure
Children who require both dental and non-dental medical procedures should have them completed under one general anesthesia whenever possible, which is ideal for both the patient and family, suggests research being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2016 annual meeting.

Large-scale program effectively promotes and supports healthy breastfeeding in Asia
A multipronged approach to supporting healthy breastfeeding among new mothers was effective when implemented at the population level, according to research published in PLOS Medicine.

Terminally ill cancer patients fare poorly after surgery
Patients with disseminated advanced cancer who undergo surgery are far more likely to endure long hospital stays and readmissions, referrals to extended care facilities and death, UC Davis researchers have found.

Why do consumers pay more? Rice research finds the surprising effect of consumer local identity
New research by a Rice University marketing professor debunks a long-held belief by companies that they could charge more for locally produced goods and services because of consumers' sense of attachment to their community.

Sleep loss tied to changes of the gut microbiota in humans
Results from a new clinical study conducted at Uppsala University suggest that curtailing sleep alters the abundance of bacterial gut species that have previously been linked to compromised human metabolic health.

NYIT receives grant for smartphone security research
Researchers led by NYIT will use a two-year NSF grant to investigate practical energy-efficient, privacy-preserving smartphone user authentication techniques.

Arousal exerts an unconscious influence on what we see
A new study from UCL researchers finds that subtle, unconscious increases in arousal -- indicated by a faster heartbeat and dilated pupils -- shape our confidence for visual experiences.

High School teams awarded Lemelson-MIT InvenTeam™ Grant for invention projects
The Lemelson-MIT Program today introduced the 2016-2017 InvenTeams, 15 teams of high school students nationwide, each receiving up to $10,000 in grant funding to solve real-world problems through invention.

NYSCF announces $9 million in grant awards to 6 new NYSCF -- Robertson Investigators
The New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) announced the 2016 class of NYSCF -- Robertson Investigators, welcoming six of the most talented stem cell researchers and neuroscientists from around the world into the NYSCF Investigator Program.

Providing interventions during pregnancy and after birth to support breastfeeding recommended
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends providing interventions during pregnancy and after birth to support breastfeeding.

Asthma research unexpectedly yields new treatment approach for inherited enzyme disease
Experiments designed to reveal how a protein protects the lungs from asthma-related damage suggest a new way to treat a rare disease marked by the inability of cells to break down fats, according to a report in EBioMedicine published online Oct.

3-D-printed magnets
Scientists at TU Wien have found a way to create magnets in a 3-D printer.

Consortium launched to fight Zika virus and build Latin American response capacity
Umeå University is among the 25 leading research and public health organizations from Latin America, North America, Africa, Asia, and Europe gathered in Recife, Brazil, for the launch of ZikaPLAN (Zika Preparedness Latin American Network).

UCI and NASA document accelerated glacier melting in West Antarctica
Two new studies by researchers at the University of California, Irvine and NASA have found the fastest ongoing rates of glacier retreat ever observed in West Antarctica and offer an unprecedented look at ice melting on the floating undersides of glaciers.

Low-dose estrogen therapy shown to be very effective on vasomotor symptoms
For early postmenopausal women concerned about the effectiveness of low-dose estrogen therapy for alleviating menopause symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, insomnia, and irritability, data from the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study (KEEPS) was used to compare the efficacy of two forms of hormone therapy (HT) on menopause symptoms compared with placebo over 4 years.

Here's when powerful people have trouble making a decision
Although powerful people often tend to decide and act quickly, they become more indecisive than others when the decisions are toughest to make, a new study suggests.

High levels of estrogen in lung tissue related to lung cancer in postmenopausal women
Researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan have found that postmenopausal women with multicentric adenocarcinoma of the lung have a higher concentration of estrogen in non-cancerous areas of the peripheral lung than similar women diagnosed with single tumor lung cancer.

$27.9 million from NIH to support Baylor College of Medicine's Knockout Mouse Project
Nearly $28 million has been awarded to Baylor College of Medicine's Knockout Mouse Project.

Building a vaccine against chagas disease: SLU scientists identify potential new approach
Saint Louis University researchers have found that TH17 cells, a type of white blood cells, protect against the Trypansoma cruzi parasite, which is spread by kissing bugs and causes Chagas disease.

Why some dental implants work and others don't
Each year, about 500,000 North Americans get dental implants. If you are one of them, and are preparing to have an implant, it might be a good idea to start taking beta blockers, medication that controls high blood pressure, for a while.

Advanced analysis of brain structure shape may track progression to Alzheimer's disease
Use of a novel approach to analyzing brain structure that focuses on the shape rather than the size of particular features may allow identification of individuals in early presymptomatic stages of Alzheimer's disease.

New method reduces amount of training data needed for facial performance capture system
Disney Research has found a way to tailor a facial capture system to the characteristics of a specific actor's expressions while dramatically reducing the time and effort it would normally require.

Hormone that controls maturation of fat cells discovered at Stanford
Mature fat cells produce a hormone that regulates the differentiation of nearby stem cells in response to glucocorticoid hormones and high-fat diets, Stanford researchers have found.

3-D-printed structures shrink when heated
Engineers from MIT, the University of Southern California, and elsewhere are now adding to the class of heat-shrinking materials.

Air pollution linked to blood vessel damage in healthy young adults
Air pollution was associated with blood vessel damage among young, healthy adults.

NASA study shows that space travel affects spine of astronauts
How does space travel affect the spine? Astronauts on long missions in space have atrophy of the muscles supporting the spine -- which don't return to normal even several weeks after their return to Earth, reports a study in Spine, published by Wolters Kluwer.

Texas Biomed scientist awarded NIH grant to study early onset atherosclerosis
A scientist was recently awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health to study and identify molecular mechanisms underlying early atherosclerosis.

Many kids not ready for kindergarten
Many children are still learning to control their behavior as they enter kindergarten and may need educational support to develop that critical skill, indicates one of the most conclusive studies to date of early childhood self-regulation.

Molecular origins of allergy to house dust mites discovered
Scientists at the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin found which molecules of the house dust mites are initially targeted by the immune system of children developing, even years later, allergic rhinitis and asthma.

More than 15 million children in high-mortality hotspots in sub-Saharan Africa
A new spatial analysis from Stanford shows that progress in combating child mortality has been highly uneven, even within countries where overall declines are substantial

New research on ancient Alpine rocks may unveil clues to Earth's evolution
High up in the Western Alps is a swath of rocks that could provide new insight into what happens deep in the Earth's subsurface.

How often do quantum systems violate the second law of thermodynamics?
The likelihood of seeing quantum systems violating the second law of thermodynamics has been calculated by UCL scientists.

Consensus by international federation on drug use at high altitude
Drug taking at high altitude is variably intended to enhance performance, prevent or alleviate the debilitating effects of altitude, or for pleasurable use.

A complete waste of energy
University of Utah electrical and computer engineering professor Massood Tabib-Azar and his team of engineers have come up with a way to produce microscopic electronic switches for appliances and devices that can grow and dissolve wires inside the circuitry that instantly connect and disconnect electrical flow.

Study reveals which genes are critical to a plant's response to drought
Drought is the most important cause of reduced plant growth and crop yield, which makes insights into plant's drought response highly valuable to agriculture.

Experimental drug shows promise in treating Alzheimer's disease
An experimental drug shows promise in treating Alzheimer's disease by preventing inflammation and removing abnormal protein clumps in the brain that are associated with the disease, suggests a study in mice presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2016 annual meeting.

Researchers identify genes for 'Help me!' aromas from corn
When caterpillars attack, corn plants release volatile scent compounds, called terpenes, that attract parasitic wasps, whose larvae consume the caterpillar from the inside out.

Quantum leap in the reliability of mass spectrometry-based proteomics
Modern mass spectrometry systems enable scientists to routinely determine the quantitative composition of cells or tissue samples.

What happens when people are treated like pollution?
In cities where homeless persons are viewed as an 'environmental contaminant' -- a form of pollution, efforts to purge the homeless from the area tend to push them to the fringes of the community and diminish their access to the urban environment and the resources it provides, according to an article published in Environmental Justice.

Controlling ultrasound with 3-D printed devices
Researchers have 3-D printed a new kind of device that can harness high-pressure ultrasound to move, manipulate, or destroy tiny objects like particles, drops or biological tissue at scales comparable with cells.

Lessons learned from the Fukushima accident
A recent article provides an overview of the impacts of the Fukushima Nuclear Power Station accident in Japan in 2011 and subsequent remediation measures, comparing similarities and differences with the lessons learned from the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident in Ukraine.

ECOG-ACRIN begins site recruitment for TMIST breast imaging trial
TMIST will enroll 165,000 asymptomatic women in the US and Canada, between the ages of 45 and 74, to compare the incidence of advanced cancers in those screened for four years with digital breast tomosynthesis vs. standard digital mammography.

Researchers find weakness in common computer chip
Researchers from Binghamton University, State University of New York and University of California, Riverside have found a weakness in the Haswell central processing unit (CPU) components that makes common computer operating systems vulnerable to malicious attacks.

Scientists discover particles similar to Majorana fermions
In condensed matter physics, scientists found a kind of quasiparticles -- Majorana zero modes (MZMs) -- have similar characters as Majorana fermions.

$2.66 million NIH award to Wayne State to improve asthma treatment outcomes in African Am
A team of Wayne State University researchers led by Karen MacDonell, Ph.D., assistant professor of family medicine and public health sciences at Wayne State's School of Medicine, recently received a $2.66 million award from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health to address research limitations on interventions and ultimately improve asthma management in racial minority populations, particularly minority adolescents and young adults.

Caught 'napping': First direct evidence of migratory hoary bats hibernating
While it's not unusual for some species of bat to migrate or other species to hibernate, it is unusual to find a species of bat that does both.

Columbia Mailman School Awards Public Health Prize to NYC Health Commissioner Dr. Mary T.
Dr. Mary T. Bassett, Commissioner of the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, was awarded the Frank A.

The current state of psychobiotics
Now that we know that gut bacteria can speak to the brain -- in ways that affect our mood, our appetite, and even our circadian rhythms -- the next challenge for scientists is to control this communication.

Study tests whether exercise, lowering cholesterol helps prevent Alzheimer's
Carol White can't help but worry when she misplaces keys or can't recall a name ever since relatives have been diagnosed with early onset Alzheimer's.

Cranberry disrupts harmful bacteria's ability to communicate, spread and become virulent
Scientists from McGill University and INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier in Canada recently released a novel investigation showing that cranberry extract successfully interrupted the communication between bacteria associated with problematic and pervasive infections.

Feng Zhang receives 2016 New York Stem Cell Foundation -- Robertson Stem Cell Prize
The New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) announced today that Feng Zhang, Ph.D., is the 2016 recipient of the NYSCF -- Robertson Stem Cell Prize for his pioneering advances to edit human and plant genomes using CRISPR-Cas9.

Enormous dome in central Andes driven by huge magma body beneath it
A new analysis of the topography of the central Andes shows the uplifting of the Earth's second highest continental plateau was driven in part by a huge zone of melted rock in the crust, known as a magma body.

Nutritionists must take a bigger piece of the pie when it comes to influencing food policy
Nutrition professionals need to step up to the plate and gain a larger portion of influence on food policy in Australia to dilute the heavy concentration of 'food industry' representatives with direct links to food policy decision makers.

Two Baylor College of Medicine faculty members named to National Academy of Medicine
Dr. Malcolm Brenner and Dr. Cheryl Walker, both renowned leaders in their respective fields, were elected to membership in the National Academy of Medicine.

Ultrasound after tibial fracture surgery does not speed up healing or improve function
Receiving ultrasound after surgery to repair a fractured tibia (shinbone) does not accelerate healing or improve functional recovery compared with sham treatment, finds a trial of US patients published by The BMJ today.

Robotic cleaning technique could automate neuroscience research
For scientists listening in on the faint whispers of brain neurons, a first-ever robotic technique for cleaning the tiny devices that record the signals could facilitate a new level of automation in neuroscience research.

Kent State biologists receive NIH grants to study reproductive challenges
Two Kent State University researchers in the College of Arts and Sciences have each recently received new grants from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver Institute of Child Health and Human Development at the National Institutes of Health -- collectively totaling more than $857,990 -- to study reproductive biology, focusing on the cellular mechanisms that regulate the formation and function of gametes (sperm and eggs).

After blindness, the adult brain can learn to see again
More than 40 million people worldwide are blind, and many of them reach this condition after many years of slow and progressive retinal degeneration.

Runlin Gao, M.D., to be presented with TCT Career Achievement Award
Internationally renowned interventional cardiologist, Runlin Gao, M.D., will be presented with the TCT Career Achievement Award on Sunday, October 30th during the 28th Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) conference in Washington, D.C.

Cornell professors to launch NSF-funded space experiments
Cornell University engineering professors Paul Steen and Michel Louge have both received funding from the National Science Foundation and NASA's CASIS program to send experiments to the International Space Station.

Atmospheric CO2 concentration at Syowa Station in Antarctica exceeds 400 ppm
At Syowa Station, Antarctica, the atmospheric CO2 concentration exceeded 400 ppm on May 14, 2016, for the first time since observations were initiated there in 1984.

First results of NSTX-U research operations
Description of first results of NSTX-U and related findings reported at IAEA conference

Study: Toss eggs onto salads to increase Vitamin E absorption
Adding whole eggs to a colorful salad boosts the amount of Vitamin E the body absorbs from the vegetables, according to research from Purdue University.

Ant genomics help reshape biological history of the Americas
Scientists have long believed that the Isthmus of Panama emerged three million years ago, triggering a massive interchange of species between the Americas.

Teenagers influenced by video games with alcohol and smoking content
A new study has found that modern popular video games commonly feature alcohol and smoking content and the teenagers who play them are twice as likely to have tried drinking and smoking themselves.

Fat in feces points to early presence of colorectal cancer
Scientists at Washington State University and Johns Hopkins Medical School have discovered a fast, noninvasive method that could lead to the early diagnosis of colorectal cancer.

Species speed up adaptation to beat effects of warmer oceans
Some fish species are adapting to survive environmental changes without significant genetic evolution, according to research from the University of East Anglia and Dalhousie University, Canada.

For space station astronauts, spinal muscles shrink after months in space
While astronauts on long space missions do not experience a change in spinal disc height, the muscles supporting the spine weaken, find researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine.

Researchers use CRISPR to accelerate search for HIV cure
Researchers at UC San Francisco and the academically affiliated Gladstone Institutes have used a newly developed gene-editing system to find gene mutations that make human immune cells resistant to HIV infection.

Unavoidable tools for handling mathematical models: Bessel and Mittag-Leffler functions
This book analyzes applied analysis through the study of enumerable families of different classes of special functions.

IU research finds link between molecular mechanisms in prostate cancer and Ewing's sarcoma
Medical researchers at Indiana University have found evidence for a link between prostate cancer, which affects millions of men age 50 and older, and Ewing's sarcoma, a rare form of cancer that affects children and young adults.

Distinction for Frankfurt physicist
Professor Maria Roser Valenti has been elected as a fellow of the American Physical Society (APS) in the 'Division of Computational Physics.' She was awarded this high distinction for her contribution to the microscopic understanding of electronically strongly correlated materials, which include high-temperature superconductors.

Six ORNL researchers elected fellows of the American Physical Society
Six researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been elected fellows of the American Physical Society.

The gene of autumn colors
Researchers have found Mendel's Stay-Green gene encodes an enzyme that extracts magnesium from chlorophyll, adding clarity to understanding how the pigment degrades.

MRI shows brain disruption in children with PTSD
Children with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) experience disruptions in the structure of the neural networks inside their brains, according to new research.

Making silicon-germanium core fibers a reality
When the glass in the core of an optical fiber is replaced with a mixture of silicon and germanium and 'baked' at high temperature using a laser, the result is a single crystal fiber that has potential far beyond the transmission of light.

How friendship networks at college impact students' academic and social success
Student friendships at college can be classified into three types of networks: tight-knitters, samplers and compartmentalizers and should not be underestimated, according to a Dartmouth study 'Friends with Academic Benefits,' published in the current issue of Contexts, which examines how these type of friendships can either help or hinder students academically and socially.

A CSIC study aims to identify new bacterial regulators to improve human and animal health
A project led by the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) researcher, Alejandro Toledo-Arana, at the Institute of Agro biotechnology (a centre shared between CSIC, the Public University of Navarra and The Regional Government of Navarra), is studying new genetic regulatory mechanisms in pathogenic bacteria.

Genome editing: Efficient CRISPR experiments in mouse cells
In order to use the CRISPR-Cas9 system to cut genes, researchers must design an RNA sequence that matches the DNA of the target gene.

How the African clawed frog got an extra pair of genes
The African clawed frog's ancestor inherited one set of chromosomes each from two different species and doubled its whole genome some 18 million years ago, according to an international research consortium led by Japanese and American scientists who sequenced the entire genome of the Xenopus laevis for the first time.

TTUHSC El Paso receives $6 Million grant for new dental school
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso (TTUHSC El Paso) has received a $6 million grant from the Paso del Norte Health Foundation (PDNHF) to support its new dental school.

Stem cells also rust
Oxygen in the air is well known to cause damaging rust on cars through a process known as oxidation.

Can the brain feel it? The world's smallest extracellular needle-electrodes
A research team from Toyohashi University of Technology developed the world's smallest 5-μm-diameter low-invasive needle electrodes, which are assembled on 1 x 1 mm2 blocks.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees Tropical Cyclone 3B developing in Bay of Bengal
A tropical low pressure area previously designated System 99B has been lingering in the Northern Indian Ocean's Bay of Bengal for days and as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead, the storm was consolidating into a tropical storm.

Turns out protein quality matters when it comes to building muscle
Internationally venerated skeletal muscle scientist takes a critical look at how protein quality impacts muscle mass and strength gains with resistance exercise.

Research provides new insights on the impact of wild birds' social networks
New research looks into how social networks among wild great tits, as they forage in flocks during the winter, carry over into shaping the set locations at which the birds breed and raise their young during the spring.

A new look at vitamin D challenges the current view of its benefits
It's widely accepted that vitamin D is good for bones.

State partnerships can promote increased bio-energy production, reduce emissions
Researchers have identified the most effective ways for various Midwest states to partner and share resources in order to increase the amount of renewable energy they produce through burning woody biomass, which is recognized as a carbon neutral source of energy.

TCT 2016 Master Clinical Operator Award to be presented to the late Patrick L. Whitlow, M.D.
The Geoffrey O. Hartzler Master Clinical Operator Award will be posthumously presented to the late Patrick L.

Popular ultrasound treatment does not improve fracture healing
Low intensity ultrasound after surgical repair of a bone fracture is a popular treatment to improve recovery, but it doesn't work, says a large international study led by McMaster University researchers.

Study suggests approach to waking patients after surgery
Researchers at MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital have moved a step closer to a treatment to rapidly awaken patients after administration of a general anesthetic, following a study of the mechanism that allows people to regain consciousness.

STAT2: Much more than an antiviral protein
A protein known for guarding against viral infections leads a double life, new research shows, and can interfere with cell growth and the defense against parasites.

Supersonic phenomena, the key to extremely low heat loss nano-electronics
Freak waves, as well as other less striking localized excitations, occur in nature at every scale.

Deep down fracking wells, microbial communities thrive
Microbes have a remarkable ability to adapt to the extreme conditions in fracking wells.

Carpenter ants: When social instructions may be dangerous
Why do social beings sometimes put their own common sense aside to follow the lead of others, even though by doing so they could be brought to death's door?

Scientists assess bleaching damage on Great Barrier Reef
Scientists are surveying the continuing aftermath of the worst coral bleaching event ever recorded on the Great Barrier Reef. names 14 Clinics as Clinical Research Centers of Excellence, is launching an innovative clinic program, designating 14 clinics in the United States as Rett Syndrome Clinical Research Centers of Excellence.

NASA honors Univ. of Iowa scientist with Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal
Jasper Halekas, associate physics and astronomy professor at the University of Iowa, has won an Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal from NASA, for 'exceptional contributions to MAVEN's science return using the Solar Wind Ion Analyzer instrument.'

Science and society
The history of science and technology and their social impact ought to be part of the education of both scientists and non-scientists.

Scientists at MIPT beat the clock by quickly finding out what makes plants tick
Scientitsts from MIPT have developed a technique which can control the growth of plants.

Scientists root for more cassava research to help meet greater demand for food
Global food demand is expected to grow by 110 percent over the next 30 to 35 years, and for many of the poorest people on the planet, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, cassava is the most important source of calories.

Gregory Howes inaugural recipient of the Ronald C. Davidson Award for Plasma Physics
AIP Publishing has announced that Gregory Howes, an associate professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Iowa, is the winner of the inaugural 2016 Ronald C.

Bio-inspired lower-limb 'wearing robotic exoskeleton' for human gait rehab
Wearable 'robot-assisted training' is quickly emerging as a method that helps improve gait rehabilitation.

First time-lapse footage of cell activity during limb regeneration
Researchers have for the first time recorded how cells of the epidermis behave during the regrowth of adult limbs after amputation.

UCI and NASA document accelerated glacier melting in West Antarctica
Researchers at the University of California, Irvine and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory use satellite data to measure the alarming rate at which three massive glaciers in West Antarctica are retreating.

Newborn screening for tyrosinaemia type 1: Benefit unclear
Tyrosinaemia type 1 is a rare, hereditary metabolic disease that, if left untreated, can already lead to serious liver and kidney damage in infancy.

Are the lives of the 1 percent less lavish than we think?
A new study published in Business & Society by researchers from Concordia University's John Molson School of Business shows that typical one per centers are in fact not the well-known billionaires who populate the Forbes rich lists.

How food affects political regimes
Better nutrition can have a lot to do with the transition to democracy: the more protein-rich, high-quality foods appear in a society's diet, the higher the likelihood of democratic reforms.

App prompts sexual health testing for young gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men
The National Institutes of Health is funding a project to investigate a web app designed to encourage young men at risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, to get routine testing.

Splitting disulphide bonds in water is more complicated than previously thought
From a chemical perspective, splitting disulphide bonds under tensile stress is a substantially more complicated process than previously assumed.

Fluorescent holography: Upending the world of biological imaging
Colorado State University researchers have designed and built a fluorescence-detection microscope that combines 3-D and high-resolution image processing that's also faster than comparable techniques.

Brain scans of children with Tourette's offer clues about disorder
Using MRIs, a team of researchers, led by scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Dr. Zanca of Kessler Foundation receives $600,000 to improve care for people with SCI
Jeanne M. Zanca, PhD, MPT, of Kessler Foundation is the project director/principal investigator of a Field-Initiated Program award from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR).

TB-ReFLECT: A collaborative effort to enhance TB clinical research
At the 2016 Union World Conference on Lung Health, C-Path's Critical Path to TB Drug Regimens initiative and WHO's Global TB Programme will co-host a symposium to update the TB researchers on the TB-ReFLECT partnership.

Insilico Medicine to present on applications of DL to drug discovery and repurposing at Boston SPDR
Insilico Medicine will present its recent advances in applying deep learning techniques to drug discovery and repurposing at the Strategic Partnerships in Drug Repurposing conference in Boston taking place at the Wyndham Boston Beacon Hill Oct.

Can a brain-computer interface convert your thoughts to text?
While reading one's thoughts might still belong to the realms of science fiction, scientists are already decoding speech from signals generated in our brains when we speak or listen to speech.

Indian roadside refuse fires produce toxic rainbow
Samples of smoke particles emanating from burning roadside trash piles in India have shown that their chemical composition and toxicity are very bad for human health. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to