Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 26, 2016
Seeing the forest through the trees
The University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture is participating in a three-year, $3-million grant by the National Science Foundation to develop a user-friendly interface that will help forest scientists everywhere record and share their genomic data for various tree species.

Defects in diamond: A unique platform for optical data storage in 3-D
There are limitations on storing large volumes of data. Home-computer hard disk drives consume a lot of power and are limited to a few terabytes per drive.

Soft or firm touch? Study reveals how amputee patients tell the difference
A new study uncovers how two men with amputations, who had electrodes implanted in their residual limbs, discern between soft and firm touch.

Poland-US Science Award for research on RNA structure
World-renowned scientists -- Professor Ryszard Kierzek from the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry Polish Academy of Sciences in Poznan and Professor Douglas H.

How AIDS conquered North America
A new technique that allowed researchers to analyze genetic material from serum samples of HIV patients taken before AIDS was known provides a glimpse of unprecedented detail into the beginnings of the AIDS epidemic in North America.

Experience with vehicles does not help birds avoid collisions
Researchers suspected that experience with passing vehicles may cause birds to adjust their avoidance responses -- specifically, to increase their flight initiation distances -- to keep from being hit.

NTU Singapore to build an offshore integrated system of renewable energy sources
Nanyang Technological University is building the region's first offshore system that will integrate multiple renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, tidal, diesel, and power-to-gas technologies.

Electronic prescriptions associated with less nonadherence to dermatologic Rx
Does how a prescription for dermatologic medicine is written -- either on paper or electronically -- matter when it comes to whether patients will fill it and pick it up?

Worms against the wheeze
Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine (AITHM) researchers, at James Cook University (JCU) in Cairns, Australia, have identified a protein secreted by hookworms that suppresses asthma in mice.

Extreme cold winters fueled by jet stream and climate change
Scientists have agreed for the first time that recent severe cold winter weather in the UK and US may have been influenced by climate change in the Arctic, according to a new study.

Integrated neighborhoods more common across the US, study finds
In all parts of the United States, the number of neighborhoods that sustain a mix of black, white, Asian and Hispanic residents over time is growing quickly, a new study finds.

Autonomous search agents could support researchers
Researchers could soon enlist help from digital assistants to review vast swathes of literature, according to a new report on artificial intelligence.

Next-generation smartphone battery inspired by the gut
A new prototype of a lithium-sulphur battery -- which could have five times the energy density of a typical lithium-ion battery -- overcomes one of the key hurdles preventing their commercial development by mimicking the structure of the cells which allow us to absorb nutrients.

Forging a brand-new chemical bond using the pressure of the Mars core
When it comes to making chemical bonds, some elements go together like peanut butter and jelly; but for others, it's more like oil and water.

Retinopathy: Senescence-associated secretory phenotype contributes to pathological angiogenesis
A study sheds new understanding on the mechanisms of the diabetic retinopathy -- which is the most prominent complication of diabetes and the leading cause of blindness in working age individuals -- as it uncovered a program of accelerated aging of the neurons, blood vessels and immune cells of the retina in areas where blood vessels had been damaged.

Tracking great reed-warblers' incredible African migration
Populations of many birds that migrate between Eurasia and Africa are in decline, and species that depend on wetlands are especially in trouble.

Jaguar scat study suggests restricted movement in areas of conservation importance in Mesoamerica
A research group led by the American Museum of Natural History and global wild cat conservation organization Panthera has published the largest gene-based survey of its kind on wild jaguar populations in Mesoamerica.

Prof: Money can buy happiness but it's costly to bank on that without measuring debt
Yes, money can lead to happiness, but how much debt one has should also be considered in the money-happiness equation, according to a new a study from Purdue University.

New online tool offers essential tools for cancer survivors
The American Cancer Society in collaboration with the National Cancer Institute has launched an online tool for cancer survivors.

New research reveals accidental making of 'Patient Zero' myth during 1980s AIDS crisis
A combination of historical and genetic research reveals the error and hype that led to the coining of the term 'Patient Zero' and the blaming of one man for the spread of HIV across North America.

Political polarization among voters likely to have effect on future health policy
An in-depth analysis of results from 14 national public opinion polls that looked at how Republican and Democratic likely voters in the 2016 presidential election view the health policy issues raised during the election campaign shows that the two parties' voters have markedly different values, priorities, and beliefs about the future of health policy.

Facebook updates could help understand -- and potentially treat -- mental health disorders
Our Facebook status updates, 'likes' and even photos could help researchers better understand mental health disorders with the right ethical safeguards, argue researchers from the University of Cambridge, who suggest that social networks may even be used in future to provide support and interventions, particularly among young people.

What happens to a pathogenic fungus grown in space?
A new study, published this week in mSphere, provides evidence that Aspergillus fumigatus, a significant opportunistic fungal threat to human health, grows and behaves similarly on the International Space Station compared with earth.

Skin patch to treat peanut allergy shows benefit in children
A wearable patch that delivers small amounts of peanut protein through the skin shows promise for treating children and young adults with peanut allergy, with greater benefits for younger children, according to one-year results from an ongoing NIH-sponsored clinical trial.

COPD patients with moderately low oxygen deficiencies don't benefit from long-term oxygen
A newly published study of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) concludes that long-term supplemental oxygen treatment results in little or no change in time to death, time to first hospitalizations or significant quality of life improvements for those with moderately low blood oxygen levels.

PPPL inventors honored for device to create isotope vital for diagnosing diseases
Scientists at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory have received the 2016 Edison Patent Award for their invention of an on-demand method to create a badly needed isotope used in medical imaging devices to diagnose diseases such as cancer and heart disease.

Consortium develops technology to identify genetic and environmental causes of cancers
Dartmouth researchers, led by Christopher Amos, PhD, Dartmouth Professor and Interim Director of Norris Cotton Cancer Center, formed a consortium of multiple institutions, funded by many sources.

Nickel-78 is a 'doubly magic' isotope, supercomputing calculations confirm
'Doubly magic' atomic nuclei have greater stability than their neighbors thanks to having shells that are fully occupied by both protons and neutrons.

Heart rate, blood pressure in male teens associated with later risk for psychiatric disorders
Higher resting heart rate and higher blood pressure in late adolescence were associated with an increased risk in men for the subsequent development of obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders, according to a new article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Stimulation of dopamine neurons induces arousal of mice receiving general anesthesia
The latest study from a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH)/Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) team investigating the mechanisms underlying general anesthesia finds that stimulating a specific group of neurons in mice produces signs of arousal even as the animals continue to receive the anesthetic drug isoflurane.

Common sets of genes disrupted in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression
Studying brain tissue from deceased donors, Johns Hopkins scientists have found common groups of genes disrupted among people with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression.

Mulberry extract activates brown fat, shows promise as obesity treatment
Good news for those who want to activate their brown fat (or BAT, brown adipose tissue) without having to be cold: New research, published in The FASEB Journal, suggests that a natural compound in mulberries, called 'rutin,' can activate the BAT in our bodies to increase metabolism and facilitate weight loss.

Why does our planet experience an ice age every 100,000 years?
Experts from Cardiff University have offered up an explanation as to why our planet began to move in and out of ice ages every 100,000 years.

Elderly Chinese immigrants feel at home in US with living conditions, independence, study finds
Having comfortable living conditions and independence from their adult children can help elderly Chinese immigrants find a sense of home and life satisfaction in the United States, but the inability to speak fluent English makes them feel unsettled, according to a research study.

IBS large-scale genetic project launched: The Bellygenes initiative
The Bellygenes initiative, coordinated by researchers at Karolinska Institutet and the University Medical Centre Groningen, will study the genetic makeup of 800,000 Europeans in relation to irritable bowel syndrome and associated symptoms.

Majority of stillbirth cases remain unexplained, post mortem investigation needs to be refined
Analysis by a Great Ormond Street Hospital-led team looking at the effectiveness of different elements of the post mortem process shows that, despite full standard investigation, in the majority of cases of stillbirth the cause remains unknown.

Older and younger women benefit equally from breast reconstruction after mastectomy
The most comprehensive study of its kind to date found that older women enjoy the same benefits from breast reconstruction following mastectomy for breast cancer as younger women without a significant increase in the risk for complications.

Survey shows impact of sea star wasting disease in Salish Sea
Sea star wasting disease has devastated intertidal populations of these animals on the West coast from Mexico to Alaska.

NOAA: Americans added an extra pound of seafood to their diet in 2015
2015 was another above-average year for fishing and seafood consumption, with the average American adding nearly an extra pound of seafood to their diet, according to the annual Fisheries of the United States report released today by NOAA.

Gene therapy shows promise for treating Niemann-Pick disease type C1
For the first time, NIH researchers have demonstrated in mice that gene therapy may be the best method for correcting the single faulty gene that causes Niemann-Pick disease, type C1 (NPC1), a rare and fatal disorder of the central nervous system.

Finding the clues for better autism treatments
New research sheds light on what might be going wrong in the regulation of genes that govern the brain's connectivity, leading to autism and schizophrenia.

Warmth under climate change has cascading effect, destabilizing forest ant communities
Adding warmth predicted in climate-change models destabilized forest ant communities east of the Appalachian Mountains.

New gene-editing technology successfully cures a genetic blood disorder in mice
A next-generation gene-editing system developed by Carnegie Mellon and Yale scientists has cured a genetic blood disorder mice using a simple IV treatment.

Hexavalent chromium is widespread in NC wells but not linked to coal ash
Hexavalent chromium, a carcinogen made famous by the movie Erin Brockovich, is far more abundant in drinking water wells in North Carolina than previously thought, a new Duke study finds.

Restoring the sense of touch in amputees using natural signals of the nervous system
Scientists at the University of Chicago and Case Western Reserve University have found a way to produce realistic sensations of touch in two human amputees by directly stimulating the nervous system.

Home handy but not so stable: Steep rise in ladder-related falls
Researchers at QUT have warned about the rising popularity of Do-It-Yourself (DIY) culture after a steep rise in the number of people falling from ladders.

Vitamin E can modify the risk of pneumonia in some older men depending on their lifestyle
The effect of vitamin E on health outcomes may depend on various characteristics of people and their lifestyles.

Neuro chip records brain cell activity
In order to understand how the brain controls functions, such as simple reflexes or learning and memory, we must be able to record the activity of large networks and groups of neurons.

Early supplementation may help offset early-life stress on the adult brain
Early-life stress has been shown to impair learning and memory in later life, but new research, published online in The FASEB Journal, suggests that improved nutrition may help offset the negative effects of this stress.

A rare window on the lives of young albatrosses
Understanding population dynamics is crucial for the conservation of long-lived species like albatrosses, but collecting data on albatrosses before they reach adulthood and begin to breed is challenging.

Young stellar system caught in act of forming close multiples
ALMA and VLA combine to reveal fragmentation occurring in dusty disk surrounding protostars, supporting idea that this is one of two mechanisms that produce multiple-star systems.

University of Houston receives top honors for diversity
The University of Houston received three Higher Education Excellence in Diversity (HEED) awards from INSIGHT into Diversity Magazine, the oldest and largest diversity-focused publication in higher education.

Cut exposure to synthetic chemicals to ward off 150,000+ European diabetes cases
Cutting exposure to common environmental synthetic chemicals by 25 percent might ward off more than 150,000 cases of diabetes in Europe and save €4.5 billion every year, suggest estimates published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Telerehabilitation through Internet ameliorate the life of women suffering breast cancer
Researchers from the University of Granada (UGR) and from hospitals Virgen de las Nieves and San Cecilio (Granada) have proved that telerehabilitation (rehabilitation with the help of the Internet, using the application Skype as a control platform) may help to alleviate the side effects associated with breast cancer and its treatment, like pain, fatigue, strength loss, deterioration of the quality of life, etc.

Researchers identify new species of dragonfly in Brazil
A new species of dragonfly with a bluish waxy body coating has been described by Brazilian researchers, that are investigating whether the wax serves as a kind of sunscreen to protect the male's body from solar radiation since the insect is exposed to sunlight for many hours every day.

NASA provides a 3-D look at Hurricane Seymour
Hurricane Seymour became a major hurricane on Oct. 25 as the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite analyzed the storm's very heavy rainfall and provided a 3-D image of the storm's structure.

'Brainprint' researchers get $900K in funding
The National Science Foundation has awarded $900,000 in grant funding to researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York to continue investigations into the next-generation of brain biometric technology.

Rise of the screens: YouTube most popular digital content in Australian classrooms
A QUT report has found Australian schools could be more open to the use of YouTube and other social media platforms to embrace new trends in 'edutainment.' Hundreds of teachers, students, industry representatives and content providers were interviewed over a two year period for the report which found YouTube is by far the single most often used resource by time-poor teachers.

High resting heart rate and blood pressure linked to later mental health disorders
A high resting heart rate and blood pressure in youth predict an increased susceptibility for anxiety disorders, schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder later in life, reveals an extensive study conducted by the University of Helsinki, Finland, and the Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.

Australian desert telescope views sky in radio technicolor
A telescope located deep in the West Australian outback has shown what the Universe would look like if human eyes could see radio waves.

IU researchers receive $1.8 million NSF grant to advance 'internet of things' security
Indiana University School of Informatics and Computing researchers have received $1.8 million from the National Science Foundation to ensure that door locks, lightbulbs, cameras and other common household items, which are increasingly connected to the internet, remain secure.

Connecting research and policy may improve educational equity
Better communication about how educational research can impact public policy may improve educational equity, according to a new paper from Rice University.

Antibodies from Ebola survivors neutralize virus, protect against infection in lab mice
A study by scientists at the Emory Vaccine Center, in collaboration with the biotechnology company Atreca, Inc., has found that antibodies generated from the blood of survivors of Ebola virus disease can strongly neutralize the Ebola virus in the laboratory and protect mice from a lethal viral challenge.

Hexavalent chromium in well water can come from natural sources
Last year, water quality officials in North Carolina detected potentially harmful levels of hexavalent chromium, a carcinogen, in drinking-water wells near coal plants in the state.

NASA's tool for calculating orbital trajectories now aids in spacecraft design
A NASA-developed tool that private industry and other agency centers now use to plot a mission's path to far-flung interplanetary destinations has gotten significantly more proficient and can now even reveal -- sometimes in just a matter of minutes -- the specifics of the spacecraft's mission and elements of the system design.

ECHO Program explores how environment affects kids' health
MUSC and Columbia University have been awarded more than $1.5 million in fiscal year 2016 to help launch a new National Institutes of Health initiative called Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes.

New ingredient in baby formula helps support immune system, more like breastfed babies
Levels of five immune markers were nearly identical in breastfed babies and babies fed formula with 2'-FL human milk oligosaccharide.

Arctic found to play unexpectedly large role in removing nitrogen
Areas of the Arctic play a larger role than previously thought in the global nitrogen cycle -- the process responsible for keeping a critical element necessary for life flowing between the atmosphere, the land and oceans.

First direct visualization of archaella's rotation using cross-kymography
The first direct observation of rotation and steps of the archaellum in a swimming archaeon use a novel 'cross-kymography' visualization method.

New evidence that politics, not economics, drives inequality
One of the biggest surprises about rising income inequality in the United States may be that economic factors aren't the biggest cause, a new study suggests.

Wayne State awarded $1.3 million NIH type 1 Diabetes Pathfinder Award to increase longevity
A team of Wayne State University researchers are developing a novel material formulation to be applied to the surfaces of most implantable devices that will aid in resisting foreign body reaction and improve the long-term use of devices for insulin pump therapy and other implants.

Bilingual brains activate different networks when reading opaque and transparent languages
Three Spanish researchers have discovered that bilinguals use different neural networks to read languages that are pronounced as they are written -- such as the Basque language -- from those in which this correspondence does not exist, like English.

Making a new pitch for coal
Engineers from the University of Utah are launching a $1.6 million project to research cost-effective, carbon-friendly methods of turning coal-derived pitch into carbon-fiber composite material.

The molecular mechanism that blocks membrane receptors has been identified
Nearly 70 percent of the drugs currently being developed target membrane receptors.

New analysis of big data sheds light on cell functions
Researchers have developed a new way of obtaining useful information from big data in biology to better understand -- and predict -- what goes on inside a cell.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the Oct. 26 issue
High levels of uric acid in the blood can accompany obesity, hypertension, and metabolic disorders, and have been linked to cognitive and memory deficits.

Bitter political climate chills some scientific pursuits
The House of Representatives Science, Space & Technology Committee has been operating in lockstep with the combative political climate this election season.

Enabling direct carbon capture
Researchers have developed a solid material that can capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, even at very low concentrations.

Mutations in bone cells can drive leukemia in neighboring stem cells
DNA mutations in bone cells that support blood development can drive leukemia formation in nearby blood stem cells.

Easing labor pain may help reduce postpartum depression in some women, early research suggests
Epidural anesthesia may do more than relieve pain during labor; in some women it may decrease the likelihood of postpartum depression, suggests a preliminary study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2016 annual meeting.

Importance of universal sanitation underestimated in efforts to reduce child mortality
The value of sanitation at reducing child mortality in many low income countries has been substantially underestimated according to recent research.

Toxins from freshwater algae found in San Francisco Bay shellfish
Scientists have detected high levels of a toxin produced by freshwater algae in mussels from San Francisco Bay.

NASA follows Tropical Cyclone Kyant through Bay of Bengal
Tropical Cyclone 3B, now named Kyant continued to move in a westerly direction across the Bay of Bengal, Northern Indian Ocean, as NASA's Terra satellite captured an image of the storm.

School pincipals shape students' values via school climate
Over time, students' personal values become more similar to those of their school principal, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Associational for Psychological Science.

Iron supplements in the fight against lead
Targeted iron supplements in biscuits can achieve a striking reduction in the level of lead in children's blood in regions with high exposure to this toxic heavy metal.

Imaging where cancer drugs go in the body could improve treatment
Nanomedicine has the potential to help personalize cancer treatments and reduce side effects of therapeutic drugs.

UK achieves success in European space competitions with top prize and 4 major awards
The University of Strathclyde has emerged as the winner of Europe's biggest space technology innovation competitions, that recognize great ideas with commercial potential.

Two Mount Sinai researchers elected to National Academy of Medicine
Alison M. Goate, D.Phil, Professor of Neuroscience, Neurology and Genetic and Genomic Sciences at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and Lynne D.

Researchers explore how physicians can handle discrimination by patients, families
As part of a study, more than a dozen physicians were asked how they would advise their trainees to respond to three scenarios of discrimination, as well as how they would respond themselves.

Sea star wasting disease had severe impact on sunflower sea stars in the Salish Sea
Sea star wasting disease caused a severe decline in sunflower sea star populations in the Salish Sea off the coast of British Columbia and northern Washington state, according to a study published Oct.

UTSW scientists get the upperhand in biological pathway that leads to heart formation
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center's Hamon Center for Regenerative Science and Medicine have identified a pathway essential to heart formation and, in the process, unveiled a mechanism that may explain how some previously puzzling segments of the genome work.

$2.74 million NIH grant to improve asthma management in youth
A team of researchers led by Richard Slatcher, Ph.D., associate professor of psychology in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at Wayne State University, has been awarded $2.74 million from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health for a project that aims to improve asthma management in youth.

Yale scientists edit gene mutations in inherited form of anemia
A Yale-led research team used a new gene editing strategy to correct mutations that cause thalassemia, a form of anemia.

Climate change: Voters will be hot under the collar by 2099
By 2099 the nature of democratic politics could change in costly ways for politicians because of climate change, says Nick Obradovich of Harvard University in a paper in Springer's journal Climatic Change.

Plant diversity alleviates the effects of flooding on crops
In grasslands, growing plants in higher diversity fields may help alleviate the negative impacts of flooding.

Drug targeting tumor metabolism discovered by MD Anderson's Institute for Applied Cancer Science enters clinical trial
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center's Institute for Applied Cancer Science (IACS) has initiated the first clinical study of a novel drug designed to starve cancer cells, IACS-10759.

Self-renewable cancer killer cells could be key to making immunotherapy work
A small molecule that can turn short-lived 'killer T-cells' into long-lived, renewable cells that can last in the body for a longer period of time, activating when necessary to destroy tumor cells, could help make cell-based immunotherapy a realistic prospect to treat cancer.

NTU Singapore's robot to spray paint JTC's industrial developments
A new NTU Singapore robot will soon be spray-painting the interiors of industrial buildings in Singapore, saving time and manpower while improving safety.

High-storage sodium ion batteries
Tin selenide is found to have the highest energy density of any transition metal selenide.

Indirect effects of rising CO2 levels on ecosystems more important than previously thought
The indirect effects of rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, such as changes in soil moisture and plant structure, can have a bigger impact on ecosystems than previously thought.

Univeristy at Buffalo to build one-of-a-kind advanced materials data research lab
The University at Buffalo will transform the traditional role of a materials research database as a repository for information into an automated computer laboratory that rapidly collects, interprets and learns from massive amounts of information.

Precise quantum cloning: Possible pathway to secure communication
Physicists in Australia have cloned light at the quantum scale, opening the door to ultra-secure encrypted communications.

Additional benefit of omega-3 fatty acids for the clearance of metabolites from the brain
New research published online in The FASEB Journal suggests that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (found in fish oil), could improve the function of the glymphatic system, which facilitates the clearance of waste from the brain, and promote the clearance of metabolites including amyloid-β peptides, a primary culprit in Alzheimer's disease.

Recent advances in ligand and structure based screening of potent quorum sensing inhibitors
Computer-aided high throughput ligand and structure based virtual screening are most effective pharmacoinformatic tools prior to experiment.

Scripps Florida team illuminates molecular player in morphine addiction and rare disease
In a remarkable 'two for one' discovery, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have illuminated a key molecular player in the addictive effects of morphine in animal models.

Will your next doctor be a human being -- or a machine?
Which would provide more accurate diagnosis and better treatment -- a human doctor, an intelligent machine, or some combination of the two?

New tool from IU and Regenstrief measures communication experiences of inpatient families
Clinician-researchers from the Indiana University Center for Aging Research and the Regenstrief Institute have developed first tool to measure the communication experiences of family members of hospitalized patients.

Reading the right sexual cues
Both college men and women focus primarily on a photographed woman's nonverbal emotional cues when making snap decisions about whether she is expressing sexual interest at a particular moment in time.

The buzz about edible bugs: Can they replace beef?
The idea of eating bugs has created a buzz lately in both foodie and international development circles as a more sustainable alternative to consuming meat and fish.

Wayne State awarded $3.2 million NIH grant for schizophrenia research
Researchers in the Wayne State University School of Medicine's Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences will use a new five-year, $3.2 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to explore the underlying mechanisms of impaired learning and memory in schizophrenia from the perspective of brain plasticity, function and network dynamics.

Setting the gold standard
ProTraining, a University of Alberta spinoff company that provides mental health education and training to emergency personnel, announced today that it won a coveted Brandon Hall Group Gold Award for Excellence in the Learning Category (Best Advance in Custom Content).

FAU receives $4.4 million grant to increase Hispanics in computer-related careers
Economic indicators show that the fields of computer science, computer engineering and electrical engineering provide great potential career pathways with large numbers of available jobs in Florida -- particularly South Florida.

UH receives $1.45 million boost to prepare STEM teachers
Answering the call for more high school math and science teachers, the University of Houston is using a $1.45 million National Science Foundation grant to bolster its teachHOUSTON math and science teacher preparation program in a big way.

School environment key to retaining teachers, promoting student achievement, study finds
New research identifies four organizational and administrative factors that can decrease teacher turnover and lift student test scores in math

Pollution exposure is higher in city kids who are active, finds study
Children from New York City who engaged in vigorous daily exercise had greater exposure to black carbon, a traffic pollutant, than children who were less active, according to Columbia University researchers.

Nutrition information... for cows?
Cattle need a mixture is legume and grass for a healthy, balanced diet.

A step toward a UTI treatment that could thwart bacterial drug resistance
This spring, a Pennsylvania woman who developed a urinary tract infection (UTI) became the first patient in the US reported to have a bacterial infection resistant to colistin, an antibiotic of last resort.

Researchers invent 'perfect' soap molecule that is better for the environment
A team of researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, has invented a new soap molecule made from renewable sources that could dramatically reduce the number of chemicals in cleaning products and their impact on the environment.

Georgia State finds perception of e-cigarette harm growing among US adults
The proportion of American adults who perceive e-cigarettes to be equally or more harmful than traditional cigarettes has tripled over the last few years, highlighting the need for more accurate public health messaging, according to a study led by tobacco researchers in the School of Public Health at Georgia State University.

Finding patterns in corrupted data
A new 'robust' statistical method from MIT enables efficient model fitting with corrupted, high-dimensional data.

Neurobiology: Epigenetics and neural cell death
Researchers from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have demonstrated how deregulation of an epigenetic mechanism that is active only in the early phases of neurogenesis triggers the subsequent death of neural cells.

Pedestrians walk freely in a world of self-driving cars
Imagine an urban neighborhood where most of the cars are self-driving.

New tool may predict survival after gunshot wounds
Researchers have developed a first-of-its-kind tool to help predict a person's chance of survival after a gunshot wound in the head or other penetrating injury, according to a new study published in the Oct.

Insight into neural language enables amputees to discern light touch to intense pressure
The prosthetic system uses electrical signals to enable amputees to feel the same intensity of pressure on their prosthetic hands as they feel with their intact hands, enabling them to hold a hand or dog on a leash, pick an egg off a counter or heavy pan from the stove.

ESO's VLT detects unexpected giant glowing halos around distant quasars
An international team of astronomers has discovered glowing gas clouds surrounding distant quasars.

Paper vs. electronic: How a dermatology prescription is written affects adherence
A UNC School of Medicine dermatologist recently conducted a study to determine if the way a prescription was written -- either traditionally or electronically -- played a role in whether a patient filled and picked up the medication.

A songbird's travelogue
Biologists at the University of Utah recently used light-weight geolocation technology to follow a species of songbird on its 10,000-kilometer migration from the Middle East to sub-Saharan Africa.

Entire Himalayan arc can produce large earthquakes
The main fault at the foot of the Himalayan mountains can likely generate destructive, major earthquakes along its entire 2,400-kilometer (1,500-mile) length, a new study finds.

For the first time, brain surface stimulation provides 'touch' feedback to direct movement
Grasping a cup or brushing hair or cooking a meal requires feedback that has been lost in amputees and individuals with paralysis -- a sense of touch.

Upper Paleolithic humans may have hunted cave lions for their pelts
Upper Paleolithic humans may have hunted cave lions for their pelts, perhaps contributing to their extinction, according to a study published Oct.

Pension benefits may not be effective tool for teacher retention
A new study from Cory Koedel, associate professor of economics and public policy in the College of Arts and Science and the Truman School of Public Affairs at the University of Missouri, found that pension enhancements may not be a cost-effective or productive way to increase employee retention.

Genetic risk factor for binge eating discovered
Researchers have identified a gene (CYFIP2) associated with binge eating.

Children should be screened to prevent early heart attacks
Inherited heart disease can be successfully detected within families by screening 1- to 2-year-old children at the time of their routine vaccinations, according to a clinical study led by researchers at Queen Mary University of London that involved over 10,000 children.

How does the gut microbiome influence breast cancer?
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Chicago have received a three-year, $900,000 Defense Department grant to investigate how the gut microbiome -- the trillions of bacteria, viruses and other bugs that make our digestive systems their home -- influences breast cancer.

Threatened by diversity
Psychologist Brenda Major identifies what may be a key factor in many white Americans' support for Donald Trump.

OU-led team discovers rare, newborn tri-star system using ALMA
A rare triple-star system surrounded by a disk with a spiral structure has been discovered by a University of Oklahoma-led research team.

How nanoscience will improve our health and lives in the coming years
Nanoscience research involves molecules 100 times smaller than cancer cells with the potential to profoundly improve the quality of our health and our lives.

Long-term oxygen treatment does not benefit some COPD patients
Newly published data from the Long-Term Oxygen Treatment Trial (LOTT) show that oxygen use is not beneficial for most people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and moderately low levels of blood oxygen.

High blood pressure can impair cognitive function, pose risk for Alzheimer's
High blood pressure in middle age can lead to impaired cognition and is a potential risk factor for Alzheimer's disease.

Cosmic horseshoe is not the lucky beacon
In a just-published paper, a team of researchers, led by a University of California, Riverside graduate student, used a direct detection method and found the previously used constraints have been overestimated by five times.

Researchers develop system to classify gunshot wounds to the head and similar injuries
Every year, more than 32,000 Americans die from gunshot wounds.

Understanding essential tremor
Researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital of McGill University and Kiel University in Germany have led a large international collaborative study that sheds new light on the genetics behind essential tremor, in a paper published in Brain Journal on Oct.

Mayo Clinic study shows that choice of medical center impacts life expectancy of multiple myeloma patients
People diagnosed with multiple myeloma are more likely to live longer if they are treated at a medical center that sees many patients with this blood cancer.

Wayne State awarded $2.28 million from NIH to study buprenorphine
A team led by Wayne State University School of Medicine researcher Mark Greenwald, Ph.D., will use a four-year, $2,279,723 competitively renewed grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health to explore whether the opioid addiction treatment medication buprenorphine can decrease the magnitude and/or duration of responses to stressors faced by recovering addicts.

Is bariatric surgery a cost-effective treatment for teens with severe obesity?
In a study published online by JAMA Surgery, Chin Hur, M.D., M.P.H., of Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, and colleagues assessed the cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery for adolescents with obesity using recently published results from the Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery study.

Feeling the rhythm
The Circadian Rhythms investigation examines whether long-term spaceflight throws off circadian rhythm in astronauts and the role of factors such as irregular light and dark cycles, microgravity induced changes in body composition, and reduced physical activity.

Schmallenberg virus may reappear, warn experts
Schmallenberg virus is unlikely to be circulating in the south of England, but more needs to be done to warn vets and farmers of future disease outbreaks, write experts in the journal Veterinary Record, as outbreaks may occur in years to come as herd immunity decreases.

Insilico Medicine to present on Deep Learning Pipelines for Drug Discovery at GTC DC
Insilico Medicine Inc. will present its most recent advances in applying the deep learning techniques to biomarker development and drug discovery at the GPU Technology Conference Washington, D.C.

UT scientists identify bacterial genes that could lessen severity of malaria
Researchers at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, have identified a set of bacterial genes that may help them find ways to lessen the severity of the disease malaria.

How much Halloween candy would kill you? (video)
Halloween is almost here, which means costumes, scary movies and lots of candy.

Vaccination of newborn mice with bacteria suppresses asthma as adults
Asthma caused by adult exposure to cockroach detritus is blocked in mice that were vaccinated as newborns with a particular bacteria, Enterobacter that expresses alpha-1,3-glucan molecules on its surface. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to