Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 27, 2016
Midwater ocean creatures use nanotech camouflage
Crustaceans of the midwater ocean are covered with optical coatings on their legs and bodies that can dampen the reflection of light by 250-fold in some cases and prevent it from bouncing back to a hungry lantern fish's eye, finds a new study from Duke University and the Smithsonian Institution.

50-year-old bacteria could be alternative treatment option for cancer
Salmonella has a unique characteristic that allows the bacteria to penetrate through cell barriers and replicate inside its host.

Fusion reactor designs with 'long legs' show promise
Long-leg exhaust channels shaped by magnetic field topology can provide enhanced fusion power exhaust handling and control.

With cancer genome sequencing, be your own control
University of Colorado Cancer Center study shows that mapping cancer cells to published reference genomes is less accurate than mapping them to genomes of healthy cells from same subject.

For 10 months out of the year, common swifts live in mid-air
Common swifts are known for their impressive aerial abilities, capturing food and nest material while in flight.

From Germany comes a new twist for fusion research
A unique new plasma confinement experiment in Germany achieves impressive first results and generates excitement among fusion enthusiasts.

NASA's Aqua satellite spots Hurricane Seymour on fast weakening trend
NASA's Aqua satellite passed Hurricane Seymour as it embarked on a fast weakening trend in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

Researchers use video gamelike test to study learning and recovery in stroke patients
A robotic arm and a virtual game were essential tools in a new study from researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine.

Steering a fusion plasma toward stability
Researchers show how to avoid instabilities, and potential damage to a fusion device, using an easily understood stability map.

Medicaid policies that help smokers quit also save on health care costs
Medicaid policies that require patients to go for tobacco-cessation counseling before they get a nicotine patch or some other type of anti- smoking drug actually lead to a reduction in the use of such medication, according to a new study.

Death vs. another hospital stay: Study suggests Medicare should weigh them equally
A new analysis suggests that Medicare should focus more on how well hospitals do at actually keeping patients alive during the first 30 days after a hospitalization, in addition to how well they do at keeping patients from being readmitted.

GigaScience joins the Oxford University Press journals program
Oxford University Press (OUP) is pleased to announce its partnership with BGI.

Study: Most pediatric ICU physicians don't use current guidelines to diagnose AKI
A study by University at Buffalo researchers has shown that physicians in pediatric intensive care units are not using the newest guidelines to diagnose acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill children, a practice that could affect their patients' long-term health.

$3 million NSF grant to send UIC students on historic arctic expedition
The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Liberal Arts and Sciences is seeking a select group of students for a historic summer expedition that will send them from city to sea under the banner of the National Science Foundation.

Mutant plants reveal temperature sensor
In a serendipitous moment, scientists studying light sensing molecules in plants have discovered that they are also temperature sensors.The discovery may eventually allow them to design crop varieties that are better able to cope with a warming world.

Effect of facial expression on emotional state not replicated in multilab study
A coordinated replication effort conducted across 17 labs found no evidence that surreptitiously inducing people to smile or frown affects their emotional state.

Genome sequencing reveals ancient interbreeding between chimpanzees and bonobos
For the first time, scientists have revealed ancient gene mixing between chimpanzees and bonobos, mankind's closest relatives, showing parallels with Neanderthal mixing in human ancestry.

Psychopathy increases risk of violence in romantic relationships
People with higher levels of psychopathic tendencies are more likely to assault their romantic partners.

UC3M researchers publish study on the 'science of spilling'
Experience tells us that a cylindrical glass with liquid empties when turned on its side, but a straw with liquid does not.

Natural compound reduces signs of aging in healthy mice
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that supplementing healthy mice with a natural compound called NMN can compensate for the loss of energy production typical of the aging process.

Prognostic role of side where colon cancer occurs
Does the location of colon cancer -- left or right side -- matter for survival?

Center of gravity for African research funding shifts closer to Africa
The Wellcome Trust is shifting the center of gravity of its funding for African science from the UK to the continent itself by handing over two major research programs to the African Academy of Sciences' Alliance for Accelerating Excellence in Science in Africa (AAS-AESA).

UBC study finds optimal walking and cycling speeds to reduce air pollution inhalation
Cyclists should be riding at speeds between 12 and 20 kilometers per hour on city roads, while pedestrians should be moving at two to six kilometers per hour to minimize their inhalation of air pollution while still getting the health benefits of exercise, according to new UBC research.

Promise of better targeted treatments now possible in children's brain cancer
More than 4,000 children and teens are diagnosed with brain cancer each year and the disease kills more children than any other cancer.

Customizing vitamin D supplements to the individual would ensure benefits are felt
Vitamin D supplements are less effective at raising vitamin D levels in pregnant women if they deliver their babies in the winter, have low levels of vitamin D early in pregnancy or gain more weight during pregnancy, a new Southampton study has shown.

Prototype device for measuring graphene-based electromagnetic radiation created
Physics from Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics Lomonosov Moscow State University (SINP MSU) as a part of the team of Russian scientists have studied carbon structures, obtained from the reduced graphene oxide.

Scientists measure how ions bombard fusion device walls
Ions accelerate parallel to device walls before impact, increasing surface erosion.

Fatty liver: Turning off TAZ reverses disease
Scientists at Columbia University have identified a factor in liver cells that is responsible for turning AAFLD into a serious disease that can lead to liver failure.

Jindal School study examines immigrants' influence on trade
A new study from The University of Texas at Dallas shows that firms are significantly more likely to trade with countries that have large resident populations living near the headquarters.

Concern that radiation may contribute to development of Alzheimer's
More humans than ever are exposed to higher levels of ionizing radiation from medical equipment, airplanes, etc.

Fruit flies: Food, camera, action!
Fruit flies deprived of specific essential nutrients alter their food choices -- and even the way they search for food.

Asthma study provides 'paradigm shift' in understanding of life-threatening condition
Research led by University of Leicester paves way for developing new treatments.

Resveratrol reverses heart damage in mice with Chagas disease
Resveratrol is the antioxidant found in red wine and famous as a food supplement capable of mimicking the effects of exercise and low calorie diets in the heart.

Study finds lack of benefit of cranberry in reducing urinary tract infections among older women
Among older women residing in nursing homes, administration of cranberry capsules compared with placebo resulted in no significant difference in presence of bacteriuria plus pyuria (presence of bacteria and white blood cells in the urine, a sign of urinary tract infection), or in the number of episodes of UTIs over one year, according to a study published online by JAMA.

NIH researchers unveil new wound-healing role for protein-folding gene in mice
National Institutes of Health (NIH) researchers have identified a novel role for a gene known as heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60), finding that it is critical in tissue regeneration and wound healing.

Large integrated health outcomes study reveals shifting epidemiology in drug-resistant organisms
A first-of-its-kind study of 900,000 hospital admissions from an integrated health system has yielded insights into shifts in the epidemiology of multi-drug resistant organisms in the community.

A new method to help solve the problem of nuclear waste
The article, published recently in Open Chemistry may lead to the development of a process to remove uranium from wastewater at the front-end of the nuclear fuel cycle, or even extracting natural uranium from sea water.

The transition from daylight saving time to standard time leads to depressions
The number of people diagnosed with depression at psychiatric hospitals increases immediately after the transition from daylight saving time to standard time.

Antibody breaks leukemia's hold, providing new therapeutic approach
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive cancer known for drug resistance and relapse.

Launching fusion reactions without a central magnet, or solenoid
Creating ring-like objects called

Alliance for Aging Research approved for a Eugene Washington Engagement Award by PCORI
The Alliance for Aging Research will create a first-ever Senior Patient and Family Caregiver Network to find ways to address the significant under-representation of older adults and their family caregivers in patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) and comparative effectiveness research (CER).

Common cuckoo and warbler eggshells undergo similar levels of eggshell thinning
While developing, avian embryos draw calcium from the inner most layer of their eggshell, which in turn thins the eggshell and facilitates hatching.

A culprit cell that drives plaque buildup in arteries
Aging macrophages contribute to both early and late stages of atherosclerosis, the most common driver of cardiovascular disease, a new study in mice reveals.

Study yields rich dossier of cancer-linked protein's associates
By developing an atomic-scale picture of how the cancer-linked enzyme PP2A binds to other proteins, Brown University researchers have developed a new list of nearly 100 of its potential partners.

Fixing deficits in boundary plasma models
New experiments bring out the 'missing links' in plasma transport.

Normal insulin rhythm restored in mouse pancreas cells by glucose pulse
Pulses of the sugar glucose can restore normal insulin release in mouse pancreas cells that have been exposed to excess glucose, according to a study published in PLOS Computational Biology.

Science/Science Careers' survey ranks top biotech, pharma, and biopharma employers
The Science and Science Careers' 2016 annual Top Employers Survey polled employees in the biotechnology, biopharmaceutical, pharmaceutical, and related industries to determine the 20 best employers in these industries as well as their driving characteristics.

Climate change means major ecosystem shifts for the Mediterranean Basin
Global warming above 1.5┬░C, the ideal limit set by the 2015 Paris Agreement, will change the Mediterranean region, producing ecosystems never seen throughout the last 10,000 years, a new study reports.

NASA analyzes Tropical Cyclone Kyant before its demise
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite analyzed the Northern Indian Ocean's Tropical Cyclone Kyant before its quick demise.

Impulsive personality linked to greater risk for early onset of meth use
Methamphetamine users who described themselves as impulsive were more likely to have started taking the drug at an earlier age, a study of more than 150 users showed.

Fighting the gram-negatives
Many microorganisms produce secondary natural products, the potential antibiotic effects of which are extensively investigated.

Metamaterial device allows chameleon-like behavior in the infrared
An electric current will not only heat a hybrid metamaterial, but will also trigger it to change state and fade into the background like a chameleon in what may be the proof-of-concept of the first controllable metamaterial device, or metadevice, according to a team of engineers.

Family of scaffold web spiders increased with ~20 percent following discovery of 43 new species
Recent study into spider individuals collected from across China, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam and Madagascar over the past 15 years, revealed the striking number of 43 scaffold web spiders that have stayed hidden from science until now.

US-Mexico border crisis marked by 3 'wars,' Baker Institute expert says
The contradictory approach of United States policy toward the US-Mexico border could lead to a rise in anti-American sentiment in residents of Mexico and squelch any hopes of a North American community bound by a strong economic relationship in a peaceful and democratic region, according to an expert at Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

Customized vitamin D supplements may benefit pregnant women
Individualized supplement doses help protect pregnant women from vitamin D deficiency, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

R. Goldston receives 2015 Nuclear Fusion Award
R. Goldston receives 2015 Nuclear Fusion Award for best paper.

'Neighbor maps' reveal the genome's 3-D shape
A group coordinated by SISSA Trieste has built a 3-D computer model of the human genome.

Expanded the available genetic information about the migratory locust
Researchers from the University of Granada (UGR) have expanded the genetic information available to date about the migratory locust (Locusta migratoria), an orthopteron responsible for devastating plagues in Africa due to its high mobility, as it is capable of flying at high speed with the wind (up to 20 kilometers per hour).

Gender gaps in math persist, with teachers underrating girls' math skills
Beginning in early elementary school, boys outperform girls in math -- especially among the highest achievers -- continuing a troubling pattern found in the late 1990s, finds a new analysis led by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Neutrons verify new quantum state
An international research team has proved the existence of spin-spirals in a quantum liquid.

Alcator C-mod bows out with a new world record
Since it began operation in 1993, experiments on the C-Mod tokamak produced many new and important results.

General atomics breakthrough enables greater control of fusion energy
Precise control of massive particle-beam systems avoids troublesome electromagnetic wave in fusion plasma.

How sharks recycle toxic ammonia to keep their skin moist
The Pacific spiny dogfish shark is a master at recycling the ocean's toxic ammonia and converting it into useful urea, according to new research from University of British Columbia zoologists.

Fossilized dinosaur brain tissue identified for the first time
Researchers have identified the first known example of fossilized brain tissue in a dinosaur from Sussex.

Supercomputing the p53 Protein as a promising anticancer therapy
Using supercomputing to model the largest atomic level system of the tumor suppression protein p53 to date -- over 1.5 million atoms.

Research helps explain formation of ringed crater on the moon
The moon's Orientale basin is an archetype of 'multi-ring' basins found throughout the solar system.

Neurobiology: Supporting the damaged brain
A new study shows that embryonic nerve cells can functionally integrate into local neural networks when transplanted into damaged areas of the visual cortex of adult mice.

ABA: Evolution of a plant hormone
Sex determination, dormancy, water balance: The phytohormone abscisic acid has branched out in the process of evolution.

Enzyme is crucial for combatting antibiotic-resistant E. coli infections
Enzyme is crucial for combating antibiotic-resistant E. coli infections Research by bioscientists at the University of Kent and the University of Queensland is expected to pave the way for new approaches to kill bacteria that no longer respond to conventional antibiotics.

Extinguishing a fusion fire in a flash of light
Detailed experiments in conjunction with computer modeling yields insights on the interaction of plasma, magnetic fields, and neon plumes used to protect fusion energy experiments.

JILA team spots elusive intermediate compound in atmospheric chemistry
JILA physicists and colleagues have identified a long-missing piece in the puzzle of exactly how fossil fuel combustion contributes to air pollution and a warming climate.

NASA missions harvest a passel of 'pumpkin' stars
Astronomers using observations from NASA's Kepler and Swift missions have discovered a batch of rapidly spinning stars that produce X-rays at more than 100 times the peak levels ever seen from the sun.

Mayo Clinic research links senescent cells and atherosclerosis progression
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which arteries narrow due to plaques.

To treat one rare blood disorder, scientists exploit another
For the nearly 400,000 individuals around the world with hemophilia A and hemophilia B, relief may someday come from a treatment with similarities to another blood disorder, known as factor V Leiden.

Regular dental visits may help prevent pneumonia, study shows
Regular dental checkups significantly decrease the risk of pneumonia, according to new research being presented at IDWeek.

A skin graft for bad burns
To get a head start on healing burn wounds, biomedical engineers at Michigan Technological University turn to the body's natural network.

A disappearing feast: Mean flows remain slim after eating eddies
A slight increase in heating power can reduce the turbulence near the edge of the tokamak and cause the energy to leak much less.

Battle hymns and lullabies: SLU scientist sheds light on the T cell orchestra
SLU researchers report new findings about how the immune system directs T cells to learn tolerance for the body's own cells.

Is more, better? Finding the balance between nutritional supplements and eye health
In the past decade, ophthalmologists have been prescribing nutritional supplements to be taken daily to prevent or slow vision loss from age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Blood test for early osteoarthritis diagnosis unveiled
Patients could soon be diagnosed with early-stage arthritis several years before the onset of physical and irreversible symptoms, thanks to a new test developed by researchers at the University of Warwick.

New tool detects malicious websites before they cause harm
The system, called PREDATOR, distinguishes between legitimate and malicious purchasers of new websites.

Breakthrough in Z-pinch implosion stability opens new path to fusion
High-convergence implosions produce thermonuclear fusion from high-temperature plasma.

Turnout for mayoral elections abysmally low
Across the country, it is now common that 15 percent or less of eligible citizens vote in elections for mayor, city council and important civic issues, researchers find.

Stability of exhausted T cells limits durability of cancer checkpoint drugs
Researchers found that reinvigorating exhausted T cells in mice using a PD-L1 blockade caused very few T memory cells to develop.

'Super emitters' are responsible for more than half of US methane emissions
A new study finds that just a few natural gas wells account for more than half of the total volume of leaked methane gas in the United States.

'Higgs hunter' Sally Dawson receives J.J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics
Sally Dawson, a theoretical physicist at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, has been named a recipient of the 2017 J.J.

Chimps and bonobos had a fling in the past
A new whole-genome analysis of chimpanzees and bonobos reveals that these two great ape species likely interbred several hundred thousand years ago.

Hospital rooms and patients equally likely to transmit pathogens
'This study is a good wake-up call that health care personnel need to concentrate on the idea that the health care environment can be contaminated,' said Deverick Anderson, M.D., the study's lead author and associate professor of medicine at Duke University School of Medicine.

Bioluminescent sensor causes brain cells to glow in the dark
A team of Vanderbilt scientists have genetically modified luciferase, the enzyme that produces bioluminescence, so that it acts as an optical sensor that records activity in brain cells.

A metabolic switch to turn off obesity
A research team at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) has discovered that the ABHD6 enzyme in certain brain neurons plays a key role in controlling body weight.

Plant 'thermometer' discovered that triggers springtime budding by measuring night-time heat
A photoreceptor molecule in plant cells has been found to moonlight as a thermometer after dark -- allowing plants to read seasonal temperature changes.

Mimicking life-like cigarette smoke exposure in human lung airway chips
A team at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering has engineered an instrument that can 'breathe' in and out, actively smoke regular and electronic cigarettes much like a human, and then deliver the smoke to microfluidic organs-on-chips lined by human lung small airway cells isolated from non-smokers or COPD patients.

The formation of a multi-ring lunar crater
Two new studies based on data from the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory spacecraft mission have painted a clearer picture of the Orientale impact basin, one of the largest, youngest and best-preserved craters on the moon.

Placebo sweet spot for pain relief found in brain
Scientists have identified for the first time the region in the brain responsible for the placebo effect in pain relief.

Bubble nucleus discovered at MSU
Research conducted at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University has shed new light on the structure of the nucleus, that tiny congregation of protons and neutrons found at the core of every atom.

It's what underneath that counts
To the naked eye, ancient rocks may look completely inhospitable, but in reality, they can sustain an entire ecosystem of microbial communities in their fracture waters isolated from sunlight for millions, if not billions, of years.

Researchers root for more cassava research
Cassava makes up nearly 50 percent of the diet in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, where populations are projected to increase by more than 120% in the next 30 years.

New approach tests the strength of immunity
A new method to determine how effectively immune cells kill their targets could help personalize immune therapies.

Air purification in parking garages reduces particulate matter by up to half in Eindhoven
Eliminating particulate matter from underground car parks in the city center of Eindhoven can result in local reductions in the concentration of these particles of up to 50 percent.

Early Pacific seafarers likely latched onto El Nino and other climate patterns
Climate patterns, including the El Nino Southern Oscillation, likely were known to long-ago Pacific Ocean seafarers and may have helped their exploration and settlement of islands in Remote Oceania, concludes a research team that included University of Oregon anthropologist Scott Fitzpatrick.

3-D tumors grown in the lab provide new perspective for cancer drug discovery
Understanding how cells within tumors respond to drugs is a critical issue in anticancer drug development.

Physician-scientist with rare disease leads patient-driven research project
An innovative, new, patient-driven natural history registry for the rare and poorly understood immune system disorder Castleman disease (CD) will propel care and research for CD through a collaborative research agreement between Janssen Research & Development, LLC; the Castleman Disease Collaborative Network (CDCN); and the University of Pennsylvania.

A turbulent solution to a growing problem
Plasma turbulence can help prevent small magnetic islands from growing and becoming harmful.

Underfed worms program their babies to cope with famine
Going hungry at an early age can cause lifelong health problems.

Ten months in the air without landing
The common swift flies 10 months on end without landing.

Why pints spill but straws don't: Researchers uncover the science of spilling
New research shows that it is not only the size, but the shape of a tube that determines whether a liquid will spill out of it when tipped over.

Getting the most out of fractional models
Machines make our lives easier in many ways. Whether it's a smart thermostat that learns when to turn the heat on or automatic brakes, machines traffic in the language of classical calculus.

A dead star's ghostly glow
The eerie glow of a dead star, which exploded long ago as a supernova, reveals itself in this NASA Hubble Space Telescope image of the Crab Nebula.

Young people with liver conditions face an elevated risk of depression and anxiety
Researchers have found that many teens and young adults with chronic liver conditions suffer from depression and anxiety, which can have considerable impacts on their emotional and physical health.

Research into basic workings of immune system points to way of improving therapies for cancer
In a paper posted online today by the journal Science, researchers at the Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center report that, in mice with chronic viral infection, exhausted T cells are controlled by a fundamentally different set of molecular circuits than T cells effectively battling infections or cancer - a finding that suggests a way to increase the staying power of CAR T cells, a promising form of immunotherapy for cancer.

Gamma ray camera offers new view on ultra-high energy electrons in plasma
A new lead-lens camera helps fusion scientists 'see' energetic electrons.

Patients benefit from tranexamic acid in surgery, withholding blood pressure meds before
Four innovative studies exploring ways to reduce complications related to heart surgery or minimize patient mortality due to risks associated with low blood pressure and surgery were highlighted during the Anesthesiology Major Trials Session held at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2016 annual meeting.

Male birth control shots prevent pregnancy
Men can take birth control shots to prevent pregnancy in their female partners, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

The scent of death (video)
Some scientists have an important, if morbid, job: They study the smell of decomposing human bodies.

Computer model is 'crystal ball' for E. coli bacteria
Researchers at the UC Davis Genome Center and Department of Computer Science have built a computer model that predicts the behavior of a single cell of the bacterium Escherichia coli.

Airway-on-a-chip could lead to new treatments for cigarette smoke-induced lung injury
Researchers have developed an airway-on-a-chip that supports living small-airway-lining cells from normal or diseased human lungs and an instrument that 'breathes' cigarette smoke in and out over these chips.

Study compares effectiveness of preventive medicines for pediatric migraines
Prescribed medications are no more effective than a sugar pill when used to prevent migraines in children and teens.

Scientists develop 'world-first' 3-D mammary gland model
A team of researchers from Cardiff University and Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute has succeeded in creating a 3-D mammary gland model that will pave the way for a better understanding of the mechanisms of breast cancer.

Have a dental emergency? Your smartphone may soon be able to help you avoid trip to the ER
A novel mobile application enabling smartphones to capture and transmit images from inside the mouth, along with details on the dental emergency to provide the information dentists need to make a decision on what -- and how urgently -- care is needed has been developed and tested.

Want to exercise more? Get yourself some competition
New research from the Annenberg School for Communication at Penn compared different ways that exercise programs motivate people to hit the gym.

Many young children with liver failure die while waiting for a transplant or soon after receiving one
A new analysis reveals unacceptable mortality rates in young US children with chronic liver disease while they are on transplant waiting lists as well as after transplantation.

Promising blood test fails to yield clues about strategies for bladder cancer treatment
A blood test that has shown promise in predicting how cancer will progress and what treatments will be most effective for a given patient may not be reliable for either, according to a new Penn Medicine study published this week in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

Learning Morse code without trying
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a system that teaches people Morse code within four hours using a series of vibrations felt near the ear.

Could apps be the answer to self-managing diabetes?
Smart phone apps could offer patients with type 2 diabetes a highly effective method of self-managing their condition, concludes a study by Cardiff University.

Cause of phantom limb pain in amputees, and potential treatment, identified
Researchers have identified the cause of chronic, and currently untreatable, pain in those with amputations and severe nerve damage, as well as a potential treatment which relies on engineering instead of drugs.

Stopped hearts need more research to start: Review shows lack of cardiac arrest studies
Hundreds of thousands of times a year in the US, a heart stops suddenly.

Mitochondria control stem cell fate
What happens in intestinal epithelial cells during a chronic illness?

Statement provides blueprint for healthcare providers to translate nutrition recs
Healthcare providers should counsel people about how to eat a heart-healthy diet taking their ethnic, cultural and personal preferences into consideration.

High quality evidence suggests vitamin D can reduce asthma attacks
A recent Cochrane Review has found evidence from randomized trials, that taking an oral vitamin D supplement in addition to standard asthma medication is likely to reduce severe asthma attacks.

Allen Institute for Brain Science announces mapping of the mouse cortex in 3-D
The Allen Institute for Brain Science has completed the three-dimensional mapping of the mouse cortex as part of the Allen Mouse Common Coordinate Framework (CCF): a standardized spatial coordinate system for comparing many types of data on the brain from the suite of Allen Brain Atlas resources.

Biological Station lands $2 million grant to explore floodplain biodiversity
The University of Montana's Flathead Lake Biological Station has been awarded a $2 million grant to study diversity among insects, crustaceans and other arthropods in river floodplains and how they might be affected by climate change.

How a fungus inhibits the immune system of plants
A newly discovered protein from a fungus is able to suppress the innate immune system of plants.

Nurses' scrubs often contaminated with bad bugs
ICU nurses' scrubs often are contaminated by bad bugs spread from the patient or surfaces in the room, finds an IDWeek 2016 study.

Prescription medication tragedies could be prevented by simple pictures
Simple images designed to convey information about prescription drugs could help save lives and reduce the economic burden of non-adherence to treatment.

New warning over spread of ash dieback
The ash dieback fungus could spread more quickly and affect more trees than previously expected, according to research at the University of Exeter. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to