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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | November 01, 2016


TSRI scientists develop new toolkit for exploring protein biology
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a broadly useful method to unmask new functional features of human proteins.
Making the microbiome part of precision medicine
Studies of the microbiome should be integral to future precision medicine initiatives, argue scientists from the University of Chicago in a new commentary published Nov.
LifeWatchGreece launches a Special Paper Collection for Greek biodiversity research
LifeWatch is one of the European Research Infrastructures and its main scientific challenge is to model Earth's biodiversity through the establishment of data observatories and information systems, while also mobilising and integrating data for biodiversity and ecosystem research.
Danforth Plant Science Center develops versatile field phenotyping to benefit farmers
PheNode is a 'smart', farm-ready, solar-powered environmental sensor and phenotyping station for crops.
State's 3 largest public research institutions to increase collaboration
The state's three largest public research institutions have signed a Memorandum of Understanding, which expresses the intent of the parties to increase research collaborations on complex challenges and provide additional research and training opportunities for students in the state.
Is shotgun marriage dead?
Shotgun marriages have faded in popularity overall, but are on the rise among some groups, says new research from Duke University.
Results from the PARTNER I FIVE YEAR ECHO study presented at TCT 2016
A substudy of the PARTNER I Trial and Continued Access Registry found that hemodynamic trends in patients who received transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) showed excellent durability without significant structural valve deterioration at five years.
Competence matters more than gender for women running for office
This election has shattered some gender barriers, while at the same time reinforced certain stereotypes that still exist for women.
HybPiper: A bioinformatic pipeline for processing target-enrichment data
Next-generation sequencing technologies allow researchers to quickly sequence many genes across large numbers of species.
Tiny graphene radios may lead to Internet of Nano-Things
Researchers are developing tiny, graphene-based radios for high-speed wireless communication in the terahertz band.
Results of PARTNER II QUALITY OF LIFE study presented at TCT 2016
Patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) at intermediate surgical risk, and who are treated with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) had improved health status at one month compared with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) but two-year quality of life outcomes were similar.
Results from the SENTINEL trial presented at TCT 2016 & published in JACC
A multicenter randomized trial evaluating the role of embolic protection using the Sentinel device during transcatheter aortic valve replacement found that the device was safe but did not meet the primary efficacy endpoint of reduction in median new lesion volume in protected territories assessed by MRI at 2-7 days.
Have we found all the elements? (video)
Four elements have been added to the periodic table this year, completing the seventh row.
Carbon levy could limit impact of climate change, study suggests
A consumer tax levy on fossil fuels could provide an economical solution to the problem of catastrophic climate change, according to a new study.
NIST unveils forensic technique to measure mechanical properties of evidence
Judging forensic evidence such as hair by looks alone can be deceiving, as well as vague and subjective.
NUS scientists discover the 'switch' that makes breast cancer cells aggressive
A study by Dr Alan Prem Kumar from the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore at the National University of Singapore and NUS Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, together with Professor Shazib Pervaiz and Associate Professor Marie-Veronique Clement from NUS Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, found that high levels of the enzyme Manganese Superoxide Dismutase has a role to play in causing breast cancer cells to turn aggressive, especially in triple negative breast cancer subtype tumours.
NSF supports completion of The Jefferson Project at Lake George Sensor Network
With support from the National Science Foundation, The Jefferson Project at Lake George is poised to complete the most powerful aquatic monitoring sensor network in existence.
New instrument could search for signatures of life on Mars
A sensing technique that the US military currently uses to remotely monitor the air to detect potentially life-threatening chemicals, toxins, and pathogens has inspired a new instrument that could 'sniff' for life on Mars and other targets in the solar system -- the Bio-Indicator Lidar Instrument, or BILI.
OPTIMISTIC study: Advance care planning in nursing homes challenging but critical
New research from the OPTIMISTIC project shows critical need for advance care planning and highlights challenges that healthcare institutions -- especially nursing homes -- face in supporting high quality advance care planning.
Patient safety benefits when hospitals provide feedback to staff who report errors
A St. Jude Children's Research Hospital analysis suggests that to improve patient safety, hospitals should focus on providing feedback to staff about changes resulting from past staff reports of safety-related events.
Diabetes study finds that cutting nerves to the kidneys improves insulin resistance
Incapacitating specific nerves to the kidneys improves the work of insulin on another organ, the liver, according to research from Cedars-Sinai recently published in the journal Diabetes.
Women have a remarkable variety of orgasmic experiences
A new review by Concordia research published in Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology details the vast potential women have to experience orgasms from one or more sources of sensory input.
No. 1 risk for child stunting in developing world: Poor growth before birth
In a new Canadian-funded study, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health researchers today rank for the first time a range of risk factors associated with child stunting in developing countries, the greatest of which occurs before birth: poor fetal growth in the womb.
Orthopaedic surgeons use new patient-focused measures to assess outcomes
Orthopaedists traditionally rely on X-rays, MRI, CT scans, physical measurements, and functional tests for patient outcomes assessments, but this is changing thanks to new technology that communicates ongoing, real-time outcomes feedback from patients, according to research published in the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS).
NREL researchers discover how a bacterium, Clostridium thermocellum, utilizes both CO2 and cellulose
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory made the surprise discovery that a metabolic pathway to take up CO2 exists and functions in a microorganism capable of breaking down and fermenting cellulosic biomass to produce biofuels including hydrogen and hydrocarbons.
Tufts water diplomat awarded global prize for developing early warning system for cholera
Shafiqul Islam, Sc.D., of Tufts University School of Engineering, has been awarded the 7th Prince Sultan Bin Abdulaziz International Prize for Water (PSIPW) Creativity Award, one of most prestigious international awards focusing on water-related scientific innovation.
Young adults' problem drinking may have lasting health effects
Young adults with symptoms of alcohol dependence may see health effects late in life -- even decades after conquering their problem drinking, according to a study in the November 2016 issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
Research review confirms positive school climates can narrow achievement gaps
Positive school climates contribute to academic achievement and can improve outcomes for students from low socioeconomic backgrounds, according to a new study published today in Review of Educational Research, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association.
Blind as bats: Echolocation study reveals key evolutionary trade-offs with other senses
A research team has performed a new comparative study of two sophisticated echolocating bats.
SwRI flips switch on LAMP in lunar orbit
A Southwest Research Institute team successfully opened a 'failsafe' door on the Lyman-Alpha Mapping Project (LAMP) instrument in lunar orbit, improving the quality of ultraviolet (UV) data it collects.
New cancer treatment strategy discovered for acute myeloid leukemia
University of Hawai'i Cancer Center researchers discovered a novel therapeutic target and treatment strategy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a cancer of the blood and bone marrow that normally requires prompt and aggressive treatment.
Miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy may trigger post-traumatic stress disorder
Women may be at risk of post-traumatic stress disorder following a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, suggests a new study.
ZSL honors WCS's Dr. John Robinson with its Lifetime Achievement Award
The ZSL (Zoological Society of London) Awards Committee has presented the ZSL Lifetime Achievement Award to Dr.
Hospital for Special Surgery survey defines need for health outreach programs
Hospital for Special Surgery, which has an Outpatient Center in Stamford, plans to increase outreach and educational programs to meet the needs of surrounding communities.
Researchers identify new drug target for gastrointestinal stromal tumors
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Mayo Clinic provide the first evidence that the Hedgehog signaling pathway is central to the formation of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), which are frequently driven by the KIT oncogene.
Creating a slippery slope on the surface of medical implants
A team led at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and the Harvard John A.
Short RNA molecules mapped in single cell
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have measured the absolute numbers of short, non-coding, RNA sequences in individual embryonic stem cells.
Supercomputers capture the crush in biological cells
Using the largest computer in Japan -- one of the most powerful in the world -- research led by an MSU scientist has achieved breakthroughs in understanding how proteins are affected by realistic biological environments.
Samumed selected for 7 presentations in 5 therapeutic areas at ACR 2016
Samumed, a leader in tissue regeneration, has been selected to feature seven presentations in five different therapeutic areas at the 2016 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Annual Meeting from Nov.
Bacteria can't get a grip on self-healing, slippery surface
Implanted medical devices like catheters, surgical mesh and dialysis systems are ideal surfaces on which bacteria can colonize and form hard-to-kill sheets called biofilms.
Weak atomic bond, theorized 14 years ago, observed for first time
A Purdue University physicist has observed a butterfly Rydberg molecule, a weak pairing of two highly excitable atoms that he predicted would exist more than a decade ago.
Toronto Climathon results in surprising solutions to transport emissions
During the Toronto Climathon, a 24-hour marathon session in downtown Toronto, students, entrepreneurs, big thinkers, technical experts and app developers from a range of academic and professional backgrounds came up with innovative new solutions to bring down the city's carbon emissions.
Survey: Majority under 35 think e-cigs are safer, research studies aim to find out
A new national survey shows most of Americans under the age of 35 think using electronic cigarettes is not as harmful on the lungs as traditional cigarettes.
Combined training may prevent falls associated with Parkinson's and other disorders
A combination of virtual reality and treadmill training may prevent dangerous falls associated with aging, Parkinson's disease, cognitive impairment and/or dementia, according to a new Tel Aviv University study.
New survey shows obesity ties cancer as top health threat
Americans take obesity as seriously as cancer, and say it's an even bigger health threat than heart disease, the nation's leading killer, yet most do not go beyond traditional diets or involve doctors in their largely unsuccessful personal struggles against the disease, according to a new survey by the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) and the independent research organization, NORC at the University of Chicago.
New study explains factors that influence the timing of infectious disease outbreaks
The delay between the time when a disease outbreak becomes possible and when it actually happens depends chiefly on how frequently infection is introduced to the population and how quickly the number of cases caused by a single individual increases, according to new research from the University of Georgia.
Elephant poaching costs African economies $25 million per year in lost tourism revenue
Elephant poaching costs African countries around $25 million annually in lost tourism revenue, according to a new study.
Study highlights diversity of arthropods found in US homes -- From swabs of dust
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of Colorado Boulder used DNA testing and citizen science to create an 'atlas' that shows the range and diversity of arthropods found in homes across the continental United States.
TTUHSC El Paso Med students win International Space Race Competition
A team of medical students at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso (TTUHSC El Paso) is one of 11 winners of the international Space Race competition.
Strange behavior in the crowded cellular environment
Using Japan's powerful K computer, a group of researchers from RIKEN and Michigan State University have made some intriguing observations concerning the relationships between molecules within the extremely crowded interior of a bacterial cell.
3-D-printed permanent magnets outperform conventional versions, conserve rare materials
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated that permanent magnets produced by additive manufacturing can outperform bonded magnets made using traditional techniques while conserving critical materials.
Nuclear CSI: Noninvasive procedure could identify criminal nuclear activity
Determining if an individual has handled nuclear materials is a challenge national defense agencies currently face.
Beta-cryptoxanthin, a carotenoid, inhibits nicotine-linked lung cancer development in mice
New study finds that beta-cryptoxanthin, a carotenoid primarily found in plants, reduces lung cancer development and invasiveness in mouse and cell models.
First genome sequence of Amur leopard highlights the drawback of a meat only diet
The first whole genome sequence of the Far Eastern Amur leopard is published in the open access journal Genome Biology, providing new insight into carnivory and how it impacts on genetic diversity and population size.
Leading interventional cardiology society hosts 40th Annual Meeting
The 40th Annual SCAI Scientific Sessions will take place May 10-13, 2017, at the Hilton New Orleans Riverside in New Orleans.
No association found between Tdap vaccination during pregnancy and microcephaly, structural birth
In an analyses that included more than 300,000 births, tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine administration during pregnancy was not significantly associated with increased risk for microcephaly or for structural birth defects in offspring, according to a study appearing in the Nov.
Final results from the RESPECT study reported at TCT 2016
Final results from the RESPECT trial found that percutaneously closing a patent foramen ovale (PFO) using the Amplatzer PFO Occluder was superior to medical management in the prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke in patients who previously had a cryptogenic stroke.
Prescription of psychotropic medication after prison release linked to lower rate of violent reoffending
Among released prisoners in Sweden, rates of violent reoffending were lower during periods when individuals were dispensed antipsychotics, psychostimulants, and drugs for addictive disorders, compared with periods in which they were not dispensed these medications, according to a study appearing in the Nov.
Stimulating the brain makes exercising the legs feel easier
Research led by the University of Kent shows stimulation of the brain impacts on endurance exercise performance by decreasing perception of effort.
U-M study bodes well for low-carb eaters
Three low-carb meals within 24 hours lowers post-meal insulin resistance by more than 30 percent, but high-carb meals sustain insulin resistance, a condition that leads to high blood pressure, prediabetes and diabetes, according to a University of Michigan study.
Study raises concerns about timely follow-up to positive mammogram for the uninsured
In the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, researchers report that uninsured women under age 65 who received their mammogram at community screening clinics in North Carolina were less likely to get follow-up within a year of a positive mammogram.
Infections during infancy more closely associated with childhood obesity risk
Infections during infancy -- rather than antibiotic use, as previously suspected -- were associated with an increased risk of childhood obesity in a Kaiser Permanente study of more than 260,000 infants over 16 years.
Results from the PLATINUM DIVERSITY study presented at TCT 2016
A dedicated stent study conducted exclusively in women and minority patients evaluated clinical outcomes within the era of contemporary PCI, comparing these results to a parallel cohort of white male patients.
Two antibiotics fight bacteria differently than thought
Two widely prescribed antibiotics -- chloramphenicol and linezolid -- may fight bacteria in a different way from what scientists and doctors thought for years, University of Illinois at Chicago researchers have found.
The Lancet: Most breast and cervical cancer deaths occur in developing countries, yet many could be prevented with cost-effective interventions
The authors of a new three-paper Series published in The Lancet say that country-led efforts to tackle breast, cervical, and other women's cancers in LMICs have so far been woefully inadequate and call for international efforts to end preventable deaths from breast and cervical cancer.
Hospital readmission history a valid measure of skilled nursing quality
A new study supports the federal government's use of a skilled nursing facility's history of hospital readmissions as a key indicator of care quality.
Ranking global risk factors for childhood stunting
The leading risk factor for childhood stunting is being born at term but small for gestational age, according to a 137-country analysis published in PLOS Medicine.
Mexico's sugar-sweetened beverage tax may reduce diabetes, CVD, and costs over 10 years
The national 10 percent tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) in Mexico is projected to have a substantial impact on the burden of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and mortality over the next 10 years, according to a modeling study published in PLOS Medicine.
Special issue of Future Oncology explores the field of prostate cancer imaging
Future Science Group published journal, Future Oncology, has released a special issue highlighting the latest breakthroughs in prostate cancer imaging.
Does your mind jump around, stay on task or get stuck?
A review of brain imaging studies offers a new way of looking at spontaneous versus controlled thinking, challenging the adage that a wandering mind is an unhappy mind.
Schizophrenic stem cells do not differentiate properly into neurons
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute have used human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) to identify a characteristic of abnormal brain development in schizophrenia.
New CBT resource shows promise in reducing children's dental anxiety
IADR/AADR have published an article titled 'Development and Testing of a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Resource for Children's Dental Anxiety' that describes the development of a guided self-help cognitive behavioral therapy resource for the management of children's dental anxiety and provide preliminary evidence for the feasibility and acceptability of this approach with children aged between nine and 16 years.
New discovery could help oral medicines work better
team of researchers from the University of Minnesota and The Dow Chemical Company have discovered a new method for customizing ingredients that help oral medications dissolve in the body and be absorbed into the bloodstream.
Exercise and healthy diets associated with better cognitive functioning
Findings published this week in the Journal of Public Health reveal that both younger and older Canadian adults who engage in regular physical activity, consume more fruits and vegetables and are normal weight or overweight have overall better cognitive functioning.
Structural deficits may explain mood-independent cognitive difficulties in bipolar disorder
A new study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging using magnetic resonance imaging reports a link between reduced functional activation and reduced cortical thickness in the brains of patients with bipolar disorder.
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, and American Cancer Society address cancer in women
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, a leading science and technology company, and the American Cancer Society today released a report that shows all four of the top causes of cancer deaths in women worldwide are mostly preventable or can often be detected early, when treatment is more successful.
US Food and Drug Administration awards Critical Path Institute 3 grants, 1 contract
C-Path was recently awarded three FDA grants to continue its work with CDISC in developing data standards.
Experts explore how to use and share routinely collected clinical data on a global scale
Researchers are exploring ways to help clinicians and investigators use and share routinely collected medical data (such as information in electronic health records) to improve care and advance clinical research.
Mechanism of an effective MEK inhibitor identified
Scientists at The Wistar Institute recently discovered how this drug boosts antitumor activity and slows tumor progression, even if it fails to directly stop tumor cell proliferation.
Gaps in knowledge of pharmacokinetic changes in pregnancy and their clinical consequences
There is a substantial gap in knowledge of pharmacokinetic changes in pregnancy and their clinical consequences, according to a study published by Shinya Ito and colleagues from the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada, in PLOS Medicine.
There's money in your wearable fitness tracker
Your wearable fitness tracker is great at counting the number of steps you took today, but it could also provide a new source of currency for the emerging health data economy, according to a new study in the journal Computer.
Study reveals how particles that seed clouds in the Amazon are produced
GOAmazon researchers describe in Nature the role of clouds as transporters of particles between the ground and the upper atmosphere.
One egg per day associated with 12 percent reduced risk of stroke
New research shows eggs are associated with a 12 percent reduction in the risk of stroke, the 5th leading cause of death in the United States.
Brown researchers developing new interactive sleep app
The new approach combines personal sleep analytics with recommendations based on the scientific sleep literature.
The dark side of 'junk' DNA
Researchers at the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center report in the journal Cell Reports that certain short, repetitive sequences of DNA, or 'junk,' play an important role in the development of Ewing sarcoma, a rare bone and soft tissue cancer that occurs most commonly in children and adolescents.
Gene therapy for blistering skin disease appears to enhance healing in clinical trial
A trial in which genetically altered skin was grafted onto patients' chronic wounds marks the first time that skin-based gene therapy has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in humans.
LJI scientists flip molecular switches to distinguish related immune cells
The cornerstone of genetics is the loss-of-function experiment. In short, this means that to figure out what exactly gene X is doing in a tissue of interest -- be it developing brain cells or a pancreatic tumor -- you somehow cut out, switch off or otherwise destroy gene X in that tissue and then watch what happens.
Factors promoting growth of cryoconite granule formation and glacial/ice sheet melting
A study of Qaanaaq Glacier in Greenland's surface reveals a significant increase in cryoconite granule formation in areas with large amounts of fine mineral sediment
Simple food additive slows E. coli poisoning
Polysorbate, a safe additive found in everything from ice cream to cosmetics, has been proven to slow the toxic effects of E. coli poisoning.
Anesthesia sedation practices for patients in the pediatric congenital cardiac cath lab
The Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI), the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia (SPA) and the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society (CCAS), today published recommendations for institutions and physicians diagnosing and treating pediatric patients in the catheterization laboratory.
Two-year results of the COLOR trial presented at TCT 2016
Two-year results from COLOR, the first large-scale multicenter prospective study of its kind, found that PCI on coronary artery lipid-rich plaque (LRP) detected by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was not associated with subsequent major adverse cardiac events compared to PCI of non-LRPs.
Losing its cool: Will ice melt heat up naval operations in Arctic Ocean?
As diminishing sea ice in the Arctic Ocean expands navigable waters, scientists sponsored by the Office of Naval Research have traveled to the region to study the changing environment -- and provide new tools to help the US Navy operate in a once-inaccessible area.
Scientists prove how genetics change behavior by studying worms' foraging strategies
Like all animals, C. elegans worms pay attention to their peers and can adjust their behavior in response to competition.
PET imaging visualizes hard-to-diagnose cardiac amyloidosis
Researchers at Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia, have demonstrated that cardiac amyloidosis (abnormal deposits of proteins in the heart), which is notoriously difficult to diagnose, can be visualized noninvasively with positron emission tomography (PET) using the radiotracer fluorine-18 (F-18)-florbetaben.
New iPS-cell model system helps develop treatments for spinocerebellar ataxia
Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology have succeeded in creating a new model system that can be used to develop drug therapies for genetic disorders like spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6).
Confusing food labels place consumers with food allergy at risk
Consumers with food allergies often misunderstand food labels
Home is where the astronaut is
The Culture, Values, and Environmental Adaptation in Space (At Home In Space) investigation, sponsored by the Canadian Space Agency, looks at changes in perceptions about home in space and the ways a unique culture may develop aboard the station during a mission.
New theory debunks consensus that math abilities are innate -- Ben-Gurion University study
The study challenges the prevalent 'sense of numbers' theory. Other theories suggest that a 'sense of magnitude' that enables people to discriminate between different 'continuous magnitudes,' such as the density of two groups of apples or total surface area of two pizza trays, is even more basic and automatic than a sense of numbers.
Enhancement in rate of photocatalysis upon catalyst recycling
Finding easier and more economical ways of activating chemical reactions has been the focus of several studies over the years.
Business: Theory and Practice journal moves to the ARPHA white label publishing platform
All users of the current issue of Business: Theory and Practice will be excited to read papers published in higher quality format: semantically enriched HTML and XML, as well as traditional PDF.
Could a cannabinoid pill treat concussion?
The goal of finding a treatment for concussion may be one step closer due to a new study being launched by University of Miami researchers.
Moving toward a gold standard in patient handoff protocols
A deep dive into the research on standardized handoff protocols reveals processes that result in the best outcomes for patients, caregivers, and health-care organizations.
Combination therapy improved chemoresistance in ovarian cancer
Researchers at The Wistar Institute have shown that a class of drugs called bromodomain and extraterminal domain (BET) inhibitors can be used in combination with cisplatin to reduce a tumor's resistance to chemotherapy, and therefore increase the effectiveness of the drug and improve long-term survival rates.
Nanomaterials for neurology: State-of-the-art
Despite the numerous challenges associated with the application of nanotechnology in neuroscience, it promises to have a significant impact on our understanding of how the nervous system works, how it fails in disease, and the development of earlier and less-invasive diagnostic procedures so we can intervene in the preclinical stage of neurological disease before extensive neurological damage has taken place.
Database captures most extensive urban tree sizes, growth rates across United States
The US Forest Service's Pacific Southwest Research Station recently published a technical manual and database cataloging the most extensive inventory of urban trees with their projected growth tailored to specific geographic regions.
Using science to understand how ballot design impacts voter behavior
Concern over the security of the voting process has been a recurring issue in the run up to the US presidential election.
New drug combination has potential to significantly improve chemotherapy success
University of Georgia researchers have found a way to enhance chemotherapy's cancer-killing powers, bringing science one step closer to a more complete cancer treatment.
Scientists find cause of facial widening defects
Widening across the forehead and nose occurs when loss of cilia at the surface of the cells disrupts internal signaling and causes two GLI proteins to stop repressing midfacial growth.
BMJ Case Reports: Hepatitis & energy drinks; bee stings; opium & lead poisoning
This week in BMJ Case Reports: man develops acute hepatitis from consuming too many energy drinks; doctors warn of prolonged heart effects of multiple bee stings; opium smoker develops lead poisoning.
Rehabilitation services for trauma patients improve outcomes after hospital discharge
As more trauma patients survive their initial hospital stays, new study results show that acute inpatient rehabilitation facilities are the best places for some of these patients to go once they leave the hospital.
Being fit protects against health risks caused by stress at work
It is a well-known fact that fitness and well-being go hand in hand.
York U research: Healthy living linked to higher brain function, delay of dementia
It's tempting to dip into the leftover Halloween treats, but new research out of York University has found eating fruits and vegetables, combined with regular exercise, leads to better cognitive functioning for younger and older adults, and may delay the onset of dementia.
Food supply -- not 'live fast, die young' mentality -- makes male crickets chirpy
Shedding a few pounds might be a good strategy in the human dating game, but for crickets the opposite is true.
Women without insurance more likely to experience delays in receiving follow-up mammograms
Uninsured women under age 65 were more likely than insured women to experience delays between an initial positive screening mammogram and a diagnostic follow-up.
Diamond nanothread: Versatile new material could prove priceless for manufacturing
QUT's Dr Haifei Zhan is leading a global effort to work out how many ways humanity can use a newly-invented material with enormous potential -- diamond nanothread.
Results of ReACT Trial presented at TCT & published in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
A randomized evaluation of routine follow-up coronary angiography after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) found that there was no long-term clinical benefit compared to clinical follow-up alone among unselected patients following PCI.
Physicist honored for finding new symmetry in space and time
Carl M. Bender of Washington University in St. Louis has won the 2017 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics awarded by the American Physical Society and the American Institute of Physics.
Cosmic connection
KITP's Greg Huber worked with nuclear physicists to confirm a structural similarity found in both human cells and neutron stars.
Nearly every American will know a victim of gun violence, BU study finds
Nearly all Americans are likely to know a victim of gun violence within their social networks during their lifetime, indicating that citizens are 'closer to gun violence than they perceive,' according to a new study by researchers from the Boston University Schools of Public Health and Medicine.
Study finds mild exercise helps decrease pain and improve activity level in older adults
Motivation to Move: Researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery found that a low-impact exercise program in senior centers in New York City's Chinatown and Flushing, Queens communities helped decrease pain, improve mobility and enhance quality of life for many participants.
Genetic testing could help ID breast cancer pts at high risk of venous thromboembolism
Genetic testing could help identify breast cancer patients with high risk of experiencing venous thromboembolism (VTE), a serious and potentially fatal complication that can occur during cancer treatment.
Could targeting a gene linked to microcephaly lead to a better brain cancer treatment?
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers report preclinical findings showing promise for targeting a gene linked to microcephaly in infants as a treatment for medulloblastoma.
New tech uses electricity to track water, ID potential problems in concrete
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of Eastern Finland have developed a new technique for tracking water in concrete structures -- allowing engineers to identify potential issues before they become big problems.

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