Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 02, 2016
HKU-led biologists identify the switch for Neuroglobin gene
A study led by Dr K.C. Tan-Un and her team at the School of Biological Sciences, the University of Hong Kong has discovered a crucial part of the genetic machinery that switches on the Neuroglobin gene.

New technology for powder metallurgy
Tecnalia leads EFFIPRO (Energy EFFIcient PROcess of Engineering Materials) project, which shows a new manufacturing process using powder metallurgy.

Hot on the heels of quasiparticles
Electrons in a solid can team up to form so-called quasiparticles, which lead to new phenomena.

Major family of gene-regulating proteins has drug-sized pocket
An entire class of proteins called transcription factors, which regulate the activity of certain genes by interacting with specific sequences of DNA, has largely been ignored by the pharmaceutical industry because it's difficult to design and screen drugs against them.

Ontario start-up company secures US $41.4 million to advance cancer immunotherapy
The Ottawa Hospital, the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, the University of Ottawa and McMaster University congratulate Turnstone Biologics Inc. on securing US$ 41.4 million in new private investments.

How the African striped mouse got its stripes
A gene called Alx3 blocks the differentiation of pigment-producing cells in the skin of the African striped mouse, thus generating the mouse's characteristic light-colored stripes, a new study shows.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, November 2016
Mixing lignin with rubber yields better renewable thermoplastics; scientists can 'squeeze' more fuel from shale; ORNL hosts and Buildings 13 conference to discuss building envelope issues.

Internet in wide open spaces
With NSF funding, UCSB computer science professor Elizabeth Belding leads efforts to provide internet to rural tribal communities

New drug helps clear amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease patients
New research suggests a long-sought amyloid-lowering drug for Alzheimer's disease may soon be on the horizon.

Women experience marked decline in sexual function immediately before and after menopause
Women experience a notable decline in sexual function approximately 20 months before and one year after their last menstrual period, and that decrease continues, though at a somewhat slower rate, over the following five years, according to a study led by a researcher at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

NTU scientists first from Singapore to receive international water research prize
Two scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore are the first from Singapore awarded the Prince Sultan Bin Abdulaziz International Prize for Water.

Neurocognitive deficits may be a red flag for psychosis
Known for episodes of psychosis, schizophrenia is also marked by chronic neurocognitive deficits, such as problems with memory and attention.

Well-being linked with when and how people manage emotions
Reframing how we think about a situation is a common strategy for managing our emotions, but a new study suggests that using this reappraisal strategy in situations we actually have control over may be associated with lower well-being.

Supercomputer comes up with a profile of dark matter
In the search for the mysterious dark matter, physicists have used elaborate computer calculations to come up with an outline of the particles of this unknown form of matter.

New research uncovers pattern in global flu outbreaks
As cold winter weather approaches, millions of people look for remedies to avoid the flu.

Controlling plant regeneration systems may drive the future of agriculture
The ability to self-repair damaged tissue is one of the key features that define living organisms.

Crossref now accepts preprints
Crossref has completed work to begin accepting preprints. This enables Crossref to maintain a clear and comprehensive citation record and lets researchers more easily identify when different documents are related.

Acceptance of first non-animal method by China FDA anticipated
The Institute for In Vitro Sciences welcomes the news from China Food and Drug Administration officials that -- for the first time in China -- data from a non-animal test method will soon be recognized for safety evaluations of cosmetics.

Questionnaire predicts likelihood of unprotected sex, binge drinking
Researchers in the social sciences have been searching for a holy grail: an accurate way to predict who is likely to engage in problematic behavior, like using drugs.

Yearning for a new phone? You might be suffering from 'comparison neglect'
If you're reading this on a shiny new iPhone 7, new research suggests you might not have given your old phone its due before trading up.

Tasca earns prestigious National Institute of Justice award
Melinda Tasca received the prestigious W.E.B. Du Bois Fellowship from the National Institute of Justice to investigate racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the use of restrictive housing in correctional facilities.

UT Austin psychology researchers map neurological process of learning, deciding
Scientists at The University of Texas at Austin can now map what happens neurologically when new information influences a person to change his or her mind, a finding that offers more insight into the mechanics of learning.

Detecting potentially harmful mycotoxins in beer
Beer is one of the world's most popular alcoholic beverages.

First time physicists observed and quantified tiny nanoparticle crossing lipid membrane
First time physicists observed and quantified tiny gold nanoparticle crossing lipid membrane.

New research on the muscles of elite athletes: When quality is better than quantity
A Danish-Swedish research team working on a project led by University of Southern Denmark has discovered that muscle endurance is not only determined by the number of mitochondria, but also their structure.

Cooking temperature may hold clues to heart disease rates, scientists say
Cooking food at high temperatures can generate toxic by-products that may raise risk of heart disease, a review by the University of Edinburgh has found.

Study highlights a new threat to bees worldwide
A recent study published in the Nature journal Scientific Reports highlights a newly identified virus -- named Moku after the Hawaiian Island from which it was isolated -- in the invasive wasp, Vespula pensylvanica.

Connection between brain inflammation and CTE identified
For the first time, researchers have shown that inflammation in the brain may have direct involvement in the development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

Keystone Symposia to hold free, live, filmed panel discussion on genome editing
Keystone Symposia will hold a live panel discussion on 'The Genome Editing Revolution: Translating Genome Editing Technologies into Human Therapies' on Thursday, November 10, 2016 at 3 PM EST.

Prevalence of drug-resistant tuberculosis in West Africa higher than previously thought
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis could become a serious public health threat in West Africa unless effective surveillance and control measures are implemented, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Medicine.

GW researcher receives $2.8M grant to continue study of corneal wound healing
Mary Ann Stepp, Ph.D., professor of anatomy and regenerative biology and of opthalmology at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, received a $2.8 million grant to continue her 27 years of research on corneal wound healing.

Study: Lack of brain shrinkage may help predict who develops dementia with Lewy bodies
Dementia with Lewy bodies is a progressive disease that causes hallucinations, decline in mental abilities, rigid muscles, slow movement and tremors.

MAGNDATA: Towards a database of magnetic structures
The quantitative characterisation of the magnetic ordering realised in magnetic phases is an essential part of research into the magnetic properties of solids.

Rewritable material could help reduce paper waste
Even in today's digital age, the world still relies on paper and ink, most of which ends up in landfills or recycling centers.

Mental health spending nets return by reducing jail population
Each dollar a state spends on mental health care cuts roughly 25 cents off its jail expenditures by reducing its inmate population, a new study shows.

Make America tweet again
Computer scientists from the University of Utah's College of Engineering have developed what they call 'sentiment analysis' software that can automatically determine how someone feels based on what they write or say.

Start-ups use chemistry to tackle challenges from roll-up TVs to neglected diseases
The term 'start-up' can bring to mind thoughts of economic bubbles and busts.

UCI chemist Shane Ardo named one of 5 inaugural Moore Inventor Fellows
Shane Ardo, assistant professor of chemistry at the University of California, Irvine, has been named a Moore Inventor Fellow by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and will receive $825,000 over three years to fund the development of solar-powered desalination technologies to help solve water scarcity problems for nearly a billion people worldwide.

New model developed to study inflammatory bowel disease in human biopsy samples
Inflammatory bowel disease is a complex condition that requires a lifetime of care and increases a person's cancer risk.

Economic impact of inland waterway disruptions: Potentially billions
What would happen if a lengthy disruption befell the major mode of transportation of US corn and soybeans?

Cause of inflammation in diabetes identified
Inflammation is one of the main reasons why people with diabetes experience heart attacks, strokes, kidney problems and other, related complications.

Making high-performance batteries from junkyard scraps
Vanderbilt researchers have discovered how to make high-performance batteries using scraps of metal from the junkyard and common household chemicals.

New study provides carbon footprint league table for food
The first global carbon footprint league table for fresh food helps people cook meals without cooking the planet.

How the chicken crossed the Red Sea
The discarded bone of a chicken leg, still etched with teeth marks from a dinner thousands of years ago, provides some of the oldest known physical evidence for the introduction of domesticated chickens to the continent of Africa, research from Washington University in St.

The pop-up effect: Why buoyant spheres don't always leap out of the water
When you a force a buoyant ball underwater and let go, it springs to the surface and jumps into the air.

Mouse mutants with sleep defects may shed light on the mysteries of sleep
The first unbiased genetic screen for sleep defects in mice has yielded two interesting mutants, Sleepy, which sleeps excessively, and Dreamless, which lacks rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.

Earlier Alzheimer's diagnosis may be possible with new imaging compound
Researchers have developed a chemical compound that detects the Alzheimer's protein amyloid beta better than current FDA-approved agents.

Genetic analysis identifies proteins controlling sleep in mice
University of Tsukuba-led researchers identified roles for SIK3 and NALCN proteins in controlling sleep/wakefulness in mice, through a large-scale genetic screen.

High-protein diets reduce liver fat
According to a new nutritional study conducted by the German Institute of Human Nutrition on individuals with type 2 diabetes, high-protein diets reduced liver fat by up to 48 percent within six weeks.

Research connects first-time kidney stone formers and chronic kidney disease
Mayo Clinic nephrologists have uncovered a connection between first-time kidney stone formers and chronic kidney disease.

Fuel from sewage is the future -- and it's closer than you think
Sewage to fuel: PNNL research takes this renewable resource closer to reality.

Nightlights under the sea
A new study published today in Scientific Reports reveals that 100 feet below the surface of the ocean is a critical depth for ecological activity in the Arctic polar night -- a period of near continuous winter darkness.

Gene mutations may increase adverse event risk in older adults taking multiple meds
Gene mutations that affect drug metabolism may explain higher hospitalization rates for some older adults taking multiple medications, according to researchers from Columbia University.

Researchers ID first 2 genes regulating sleep in mice using genetic screening
Researchers have identified the first two core genes that regulate the amount of deep sleep and dreaming, a key development they believe will lead to the discovery of a network of related genes controlling sleep.

UNM professor developing super-resolution microscopy techniques
For scientists developing life-saving medicines, knowing how cells interact and communicate with one another is an important part of the puzzle.

'Nanoparticle taxicab' materials can identify, collect and transport debris on surfaces
Inspired by proteins that can recognize dangerous microbes and debris, then engulf such material to get rid of it, polymer scientists led by Todd Emrick at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have developed new polymer-stabilized droplet carriers that can identify and encapsulate nanoparticles for transport in a cell, a kind of 'pick up and drop off' service that represents the first successful translation of this biological process in a materials context.

UCI, other researchers shed light on process of programmed mitochondrial cell death
Employing a novel sensor made of graphene -- a one-atom-thin layer of carbon -- University of California, Irvine researchers have gained new insight into the process of programmed cell death in mitochondria, possibly opening the door to new ways of forcing cancer cells to self-destruct.

Childhood obesity and overweight rates rise during summer break, not during school year
Paul von Hippel, an associate professor of public affairs at the LBJ School of Public Affairs at UT Austin, examined body mass index and obesity prevalence in a nationally representative sample of 18,170 children from the start of kindergarten in 2010 through the end of second grade in 2013.

Safety concerns linger for generic oncology drugs in developing countries
Although generic oncology drugs can reduce patient costs and improve treatment access, the safety of these drugs in developing countries is uncertain, according to an international research team led by Dr.

One hormone to rule them all
Identifying stress hormones in insects can be a step towards environmentally friendly pesticides.

Natural pigments and useful raw materials from autumn leaves for industry
Autumn leaves contain a range of interesting substances such as pigments, carbohydrates, proteins and compounds that inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria.

Intestinal cells 'remodel' in response to a fatty meal
New work led by Carnegie's Steven Farber sheds light on how form follows function for intestinal cells responding to high-fat foods that are rich in cholesterol and triglycerides.

A lot of blood, for no reason? Review shows that common, costly clot test has few benefits
A half billion dollars - at least -- gets spent each year on blood tests to see which hospital patients have a genetic quirk that makes their blood more likely to form dangerous clots.

Trimming the spare tire: Canola oil may cut belly fat
Including canola oil in a healthy diet may help reduce abdominal fat in as little as four weeks, according to health researchers.

Altered bacterial behavior in space may result from reduced extracellular transport
Reduced extracellular transport of molecules may explain changes in bacterial behavior in space, according to a study published Nov.

Significant decrease seen in prostate biopsy, radical prostatectomy procedures following recommendations
In a study published online by JAMA Surgery, Jim C.

Researchers identify group of brain structural networks linked to loss of cognitive function
The decreased expression of some structural covariance networks (SCNs) in the brain is associated with advancing age, whereas other networks are less affected by age, and a new study now points to the independent effects of cerebral small vessel disease on SCNs.

Engineers develop new magnetic ink to print self-healing devices that heal in record time
A team of engineers at the University of California San Diego has developed a magnetic ink that can be used to make self-healing batteries, electrochemical sensors and wearable, textile-based electrical circuits.

Boston University researcher receives Alzheimer's Association research award
Claudia Satizabal, Ph.D., instructor of neurology at Boston University School of Medicine, was recently awarded a 2016 research grant to promote diversity from the Alzheimer's Association.

Scientists successfully tune the brain to alleviate pain
Scientists at The University of Manchester have shown for the first time that if the brain is 'tuned-in' to a particular frequency, pain can be alleviated.

Towards better hip replacements
Some potentially good news for aging Baby Boomers: researchers believe that they have developed a hip replacement that will last longer and create fewer problems for the people who receive them than those currently in use.

USDA grants $20.2 million for food and forestry research and development projects
Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced that USDA will grant $20.2 million to help 34 small businesses move forward with innovative research and development projects to benefit food security, natural resources conservation and other agricultural issues.

Being more like men does not help women in STEM careers
Even when women were more like men 20 to 40 years ago, it didn't help them get a job in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields, says Sassler, professor of policy analysis and management.

New 'digital life' initiative aims to create 3-D models of all living creatures
Scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by biologist Duncan Irschick who created the Beastcam Array, a rapid-capture, field portable tabletop system for making high-resolution, full-color 3-D models of living organisms, now plan to use it in an ambitious effort to create 3-D models of all living organisms.

Heart disease, leukemia linked to dysfunction in nucleus
Salk scientists identify the cell nucleus as a driver of gene expression and, sometimes, disease.

New technique for creating NV-doped nanodiamonds may be boost for quantum computing
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating NV-doped single-crystal nanodiamonds, only four to eight nanometers wide, which could serve as components in room-temperature quantum computing technologies.

WHO Trauma Care Checklist improves care for injured patients
Injury is responsible for more than 10 percent of the global burden of disease, killing more people each year than HIV, malaria and tuberculosis combined.

New study pinpoints timing for decline in sexual function over the menopause transition
Although most medical professionals (and their patients) agree that sexual function declines with age, there remains debate about the contribution of menopause to sexual activity and functioning.

Close galactic encounter leaves 'nearly naked' supermassive black hole
Astronomers looking for binary black holes make surprising discovery of the shredded remnant of a smaller galaxy that passed through a larger neighbor, losing most of its stars and gas in the process.

Single-cell analysis supports a role for cancer stem cells in brain tumor growth
A study analyzing brain tumor genomics on a single-cell level has found evidence that cancer stem cells fuel the growth of oligodendrogliomas, a slow-growing but incurable form of brain cancer.

On a wet British Columbia island, historical fires likely were human products
Fire-scarred trees on isolated Hecate Island off British Columbia have helped researchers from two Pacific Northwest universities isolate patterns of wildfires over the past 700 years of climate data.

Gatekeeping proteins to aberrant RNA: You shall not pass
Berkeley Lab researchers found that aberrant strands of genetic code have telltale signs that enable gateway proteins to recognize and block them from exiting the nucleus.

Chapman University Research looks at e-cigarette use by Orange County Teens
Researchers at Chapman University have published a study looking at electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among Orange County adolescents.

Prostate drug offers new relief for kidney stone suffers
A drug used to treat prostate cancer has been shown to also help treat kidney stones.

New US Robotics Roadmap calls for increased regulations, education and research
A new US Robotics Roadmap released Oct. 31 calls for better policy frameworks to safely integrate new technologies, such as self-driving cars and commercial drones, into everyday life.

Unusual Martian region leaves clues to planet's past
Researchers studied an unusual region on Mars -- an area with high elevation called Thaumasia Planum.

Bioelectronics at the speed of life
With a microfabricated ion pump built from organic electronic components, ions can be sent to nerve or muscle cells at the speed of the nervous system and with a precision of a single cell.

Fear of retaliation
When bystanders become witnesses of a social norm violation, they will confront the culprit -- all the more if the violation is severe.

Brain volume predicts successful weight loss in the elderly
If you're trying to lose weight, what are your chances of success?

Deer and elk farmers on the front lines of battle against chronic wasting disease
Researchers from Midwestern University, Colorado State University, the Colorado State Department of Agriculture, and the United States Department of Agriculture were part of a unique study aimed at managing chronic wasting disease in ranched elk in areas where the disease is common in wild deer and elk.

Heart defects identified in progeria patients that increase the risk of arrhythmias and premature death
The findings of this study, published in PNAS, open the path to the development of new treatments to correct these characteristic defects associated with progeria.

Lithium ion extraction
The increasing usage of lithium for batteries or high-performance metals requires improved extraction techniques of lithium from primary sources such as salt lake brines.

Gulf oil spill research featured in special issue
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was not only the largest ecological disaster in the US, but it has become the most scientifically researched oil spill.

Nanosensors on the alert for terrorist threats
MIPT's scientists offer a promising gas sensor composition. They say that choosing the right materials could easily mean making a detection system 10 times more efficient.

Sleep deprivation may cause people to eat more calories
Sleep deprivation may result in people consuming more calories during the following day, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis led by researchers at King's College London.

Establishing an advanced bonding technique for tungsten and copper alloys
At the National Institute for Fusion Science researchers have introduced a new metallurgical method (brazing technique) for bonding tungsten and copper alloys.

Report released on Affordable Care Act implementation in Louisville
Findings from a recent study on health care utilization in Metro Louisville indicate the uninsured rate decreased by more than half in just one year, from almost 17 percent in 2013 to just under 8 percent in 2014.

An overlooked source of carbon emissions
Nations that pledged to carry out the Paris climate agreement have moved forward to find practical ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, including efforts to ban hydrofluorocarbons and set stricter fuel-efficiency standards.

New study confirms link between early menopause and higher risk of fracture
If you're in menopause before the age of 40, you have a higher fracture risk.

Lighting type affects ground beef color
New research in the Journal of Animal Science examines the effect of retail display lighting on ground beef color.

Brain volume may help predict who will develop dementia with lewy bodies
A lack of shrinkage in the area of the brain responsible for memory may be a sign that people with thinking and memory problems may go on to develop dementia with Lewy bodies rather than Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study published in the Nov.

Global change, ecosystem services and human well being: An assessment for Europe
Highly dependent on the different aspects of global change, variations in ecosystem services supply can also have direct impacts on human well being.

MD Anderson-led study develops prediction model for lung cancer risk in never smokers
Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have developed a new personalized assessment tool that could better predict lung cancer risk in never, light and heavy smokers using a large Taiwanese prospective cohort study.

CDISC, C-Path, and TransCelerate announce TA standard for kidney transplant
The Coalition for Accelerating Standards and Therapies (CFAST), with TransCelerate BioPharma, Inc., announce the availability of a new Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC) Therapeutic Area Standard for Kidney Transplantation -- the first CDISC standard to address a therapeutic area in the field of solid organ transplant.

Strathclyde researchers go to the heart of blood vessels in £1.4 million research
Scientists at the University of Strathclyde are developing tiny devices that capture images of signals as they travel the innermost layer of the body's blood vessels -- helping to revolutionize our understanding of vascular disease.

Chemists create clusters of organelles by mimicking nature
Scientists from the University of Basel have succeeded in organizing spherical compartments into clusters mimicking the way natural organelles would create complex structures.

WHOI study reveals previously unknown component of whale songs
Researchers have known for decades that whales create elaborate songs, sometimes projecting their calls for miles underwater.

Cancer research symposium features internationally recognized experts
The Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota is hosting its 7th Annual Cancer Research Symposium today and tomorrow, Nov.

NASA completes Webb Telescope Center of Curvature pre-test
Engineers and technicians working on the James Webb Space Telescope successfully completed the first important optical measurement of Webb's fully assembled primary mirror, called a Center of Curvature test.

Thorny devils tap damp sand to slake thirst
Ant eating thorny devils live is some of the driest locations on the planet and their choice of diet makes it impossible for them to lap up water.

Tricking moths into revealing the computational underpinnings of sensory integration
A research team led by University of Washington biology professor Tom Daniel has teased out how hawkmoths integrate signals from two sensory systems: vision and touch.

USDA announces four university teams win the first national I-FAST Prize Competition
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture and the National Science Foundation today announced the winners of the first Innovations in Food and Agricultural Science and Technology $200,000 prize competition.

Shoring up the power grid -- with DIY scrap-metal batteries
With residential solar energy ramping up, consumers are looking for ways to store extra energy without breaking the bank.

Consuming rapeseed oil enriched with Omega-3 reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease
A team of scientists from the University of Granada (UGR), the Research and Development Functional Food Centre (CIDAF, from its abbreviation in Spanish, centre in which the UGR collaborates with other companies and institutions) and the Richardson Centre for Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals at Canada has shown that consuming canola oil (an improved form of rapeseed, with less than 2 percent erucic acid) enriched with Omega-3 reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Kids should be part of treatment for moms fighting substance use
Mothers in therapy for drug and alcohol use recover faster if their children take part in their treatment sessions, according to a first-of-its-kind study.

HKU Engineering Professor Ron Hui named a Fellow by the UK Royal Academy of Engineering
Professor Ron Hui, Chair Professor of Power Electronics and Philip Wong Wilson Wong Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Hong Kong, has been named a Fellow by the Royal Academy of Engineering, UK, one of the most prestigious national academies.

Results from the AMULET OBSERVATIONAL STUDY reported at TCT 2016
Initial results from the largest, prospective evaluation of a percutaneous transcatheter left atrial appendage (LAA) closure device (Amplatzer Amulet) for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation show that the device has a high implant success rate and low major adverse events.

When corals met algae: Symbiotic relationship crucial to reef survival dates to the Triassic
The mutually beneficial relationship between algae and modern corals -- which provides algae with shelter, gives coral reefs their colors and supplies both organisms with nutrients -- began more than 210 million years ago, according to a new study by an international team of scientists including researchers from Princeton University.

What are costs, consequences associated with misdiagnosed cellulitis?
Cellulitis is a common bacterial skin infection and a new study published online by JAMA Dermatology suggests misdiagnosis of the condition is associated with unnecessary hospitalizations and antibiotic use, as well as avoidable health care spending.

Chasing minor offences can help track down the serious criminals, according to new book
The highly useful technique of self-selection policing is summarised in a new book that acts as a guide to both the practice and theory behind a valuable method for crime control.

New research will create a 21st-century tally of biodiversity in Southwest Pacific
Rob Moyle is leading a major research effort in the region supported by $1.3 million from the National Science Foundation to conduct fieldwork, collect museum specimens, record bioacoustics and sequence DNA of birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals.

Middle Stone Age ochre processing tools reveal cultural and behavioural complexity
Middle Stone Age humans in East Africa may have employed varied techniques to process ochre for functional and symbolic uses, according to a study published Nov.

Single mutation in recessive gene increases risk of earlier onset Parkinson's disease
A collaboration of 32 researchers in seven countries, led by scientists at Mayo Clinic's campus in Florida, has found a genetic mutation they say confers a risk for development of Parkinson's disease earlier than usual.

Technology brings new precision to study of circadian rhythm in individual cells
A new technology may help scientists better understand how an individual cell synchronizes its biological clock with other cells.

Popcorn-rocks solve the mystery of the magma chambers
Since the 18th century, geologists have struggled to explain how big magma chambers form in the Earth's crust.

Engineers design a new weapon against bacteria
Researchers have engineered an antimicrobial peptide that can destroy many types of bacteria, including some that are resistant to most antibiotics.

Is a marker of preclinical Alzheimer's disease associated with loneliness?
A new article published online by JAMA Psychiatry used data from a study of 79 cognitively normal adults to examine whether cortical amyloid levels in the brain, a marker of preclinical Alzheimer's disease, was associated with self-reported loneliness.

'Corkscrew' shape of blood flow in heart's upper chamber may signal lower stroke risk
Using specialized CT scans of a healthy heart and one with heart disease, a team of Johns Hopkins cardiologists and biomedical engineers say they've created computer models of the 'shape' of blood flow through the heart's upper left chamber that someday may help predict stroke risk.

The calling card of aggressive thyroid cancer
A new discovery from University of Alberta scientists represents an important milestone in the fight against thyroid cancer.

Pillars of destruction
Spectacular new observations of vast pillar-like structures within the Carina Nebula have been made using the MUSE instrument on ESO's Very Large Telescope.

On the origin of life: Studying how the first biomolecule self-replicated
It's the ultimate chicken-or-egg conundrum: What was the 'mother' molecule that led to the formation of life?

Hong Kong and European Universities working together to advance global food safety
Lund University, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark and the University of Bologna jointly announce the addition of DTU and Unibo as new partners in the establishment of a Joint Centre of Excellence in Food Safety (Joint Centre).

UNM Center for Quantum Information and Control receives multi-million-dollar award
Quantum information science is going to change the world. Being able to manipulate and control individual atoms and other microscopic systems to do jobs in communications, sensing and computation will have an impact on nearly every aspect of our daily lives. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to