Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 03, 2016
Adding hydrogen to graphene
IBS researchers report a fundamental study of how graphene is hydrogenated.

Northerly climes linked to younger age for start of multiple sclerosis symptoms
Latitude is strongly linked to the age at which symptoms of multiple sclerosis first start, reveals a large international study, published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

Lehigh scientists fabricate a new class of crystalline solid
Scientists at Lehigh University, in collaboration with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, have demonstrated the fabrication of what they call a new class of crystalline solid by using a laser heating technique that induces atoms to organize into a rotating lattice without affecting the macroscopic shape of the solid.

Innovating fine needle aspiration for diagnosing autoimmune pancreatitis
Autoimmune pancreatitis can closely resemble pancreatic cancer, but these two diseases require distinctly different courses of treatment.

Zucara Therapeutics receives cash injection to advance novel diabetes drug therapy
Zucara Therapeutics Inc., a pre-clinical life sciences company advancing a novel long-term therapeutic approach to prevent hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes, announced it has received a $525,000 investment from Canadian partners: Accel-Rx Health Sciences Accelerator, The Centre for Drug Research and Development (CDRD) and MaRS Innovation (MI).

Newly discovered protein may hold key to better drugs for neglected diseases
A newly identified method of activating drugs to combat one of the world's most destructive 'neglected' diseases could lead to better medicines according to new research led by the University of Dundee.

Study links intestinal microbial population to production of inflammatory proteins
A study led by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital, the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, and two academic medical centers in the Netherlands has begun to elucidate how differences in the gut microbiome -- the microbial population of the gastrointestinal tract -- affect the immune response in healthy individuals.

Mussel power: ONR researches underwater glue
With support from the Office of Naval Research, a researcher is using a protein produced by mussels to create a reversible synthetic glue that not only can bond securely underwater -- but also may be turned on and off with electricity.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the Nov. 2 issue
Check out these newsworthy studies from the Nov. 2, 2016, issue of JNeurosci.

Plants cheat too: A new species of fungus-parasitizing orchid
Plants usually produce their own nutrients by using sun energy, but not all of them.

Will temperature extremes increase in Northeast Asia?
As long as GHG concentrations continue to increase and anthropogenic aerosol precursor emissions over both North America and Europe continue to decrease, the abrupt summer surface warming and increases in hot temperature extremes over Northeast Asia since the mid-1990s will probably sustain in the next few decades.

Researchers identify receptor that may allow HIV to infect kidney cells
New research suggests that transmembrane TNF-alpha may allow HIV to infect kidney cells that not express the major HIV-1 CD4 receptor.

UTHealth research: Stem cell therapy appears to have TBI treatment effect
Results of a cellular therapy clinical trial for traumatic brain injury (TBI) using a patient's own stem cells showed that the therapy appears to dampen the body's neuroinflammatory response to trauma and preserve brain tissue, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

New computational tool may speed drug discovery
A new computational tool called fABMACS is helping scientists see beyond static images of proteins to more efficiently understand how these molecules function, which could ultimately speed up the drug discovery process.

Frog and toad larvae become vegetarian when it is hot
Climate change is currently one of the greatest threats to biodiversity, and one of the groups of animals most affected by the increase in temperature is amphibians.

Impact of sea smell overestimated by present climate models
The formation of sulfur dioxide from the oxidation of dimethyl sulfide and, thus, of cooling clouds over the oceans seems to be overvalued in current climate models.

Brain 'reads' sentences the same in English and Portuguese
An international research team led by Carnegie Mellon University has found that when the brain 'reads' or decodes a sentence in English or Portuguese, its neural activation patterns are the same.

For malignant biliary obstruction, plastic stents may be cost-effective alternative
Preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) with stent placement has been commonly used for patients with malignant biliary obstruction.

Kids continue to consume too much salt, putting them at risk
We know that too much salt may contribute to high blood pressure and increased cardiovascular risk.

Breast-friendly, radiation-free alternative to mammogram in the making
Each year around a million women in the Netherlands undergo mammograms for early detection of possible breast cancer.

Trace metal recombination centers kill LED efficiency
UCSB researchers warn that trace amounts of transition metal impurities act as recombination centers in gallium nitride semiconductors.

Illuminating lies with brain scan outshines polygraph test, Penn study finds
When it comes to lying, our brains are much more likely to give us away than sweaty palms or spikes in heart rate, new evidence from researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania suggests.

Plant roots in the dark see light
Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, and Seoul National University, South Korea, were able to show for the first time that roots react directly to light which is transmitted from the shoot to the underground parts of Arabidopsis thaliana plants.

SWOG expands cancer clinical trial access for US military veterans
More US veterans have access to cancer clinical trials, thanks to a grant program from SWOG and The Hope Foundation.

'Worried well' may be boosting their risk of heart disease
People who needlessly worry that they have, or will develop, serious illness -- popularly referred to as 'the worried well' -- may be boosting their risk of developing heart disease, suggests research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

A system for predicting scientific impact over time?
The impact a scientist will have in their lifetime is distributed randomly over the sequence of studies they publish, according to a new study.

Predicting when the Arctic will have an ice-free summer
For every metric ton of carbon dioxide that's emitted into the atmosphere, there is a direct correlation in the amount of Arctic sea ice that is lost, a new study shows.

Study puts Weight Watchers to the test for type 2 diabetes
A study coordinated by the MUSC Health Weight Management Center shows the scales tipping in Weight Watchers' favor instead of standard care when it comes to helping people with type 2 diabetes.

Molecular conductors help plants respond to drought
Salk scientists find key players in complex plant response to stress, offering clues to coping with drier conditions.

Sunshine matters a lot to mental health; temperature, pollution, rain not so much
Sunshine matters. A lot. The idea isn't exactly new, but according to a recent BYU study, when it comes to your mental and emotional health, the amount of time between sunrise and sunset is the weather variable that matters most.

CHEST experts issue advice for investigating occupational and environmental causes of chronic cough
Although the understanding of cough triggered by occupational and environmental causes has improved, experts say there is still a gap between current guidelines and clinical practice.

Discovery of new bacteria complicates problem with salmon poisoning in dogs
Researchers have identified for the first time another bacterium that can cause symptoms similar to 'salmon poisoning' in dogs -- and may complicate the efforts of Pacific Northwest pet owners to keep their dogs protected and healthy.

Seven substances added to 14th Report on Carcinogens
Today's release of the US Department of Health and Human Services 14th Report on Carcinogens includes seven newly reviewed substances, bringing the cumulative total to 248 listings.

Reducing exposure to bisphenol A lowers levels of this environmental estrogen in women
Women who avoided foods, cosmetics, and other products packaged in BPA-containing plastic containers for 3 weeks had significant reductions in urinary levels of BPA, a commonly used endocrine disruptor associated with negative health effects including weight gain.

Scientists set traps for atoms with single-particle precision
In a paper published today in the journal Science, researchers from MIT and Harvard report on a new method that enables them to use lasers as optical 'tweezers' to pick individual atoms out from a cloud and hold them in place.

Marathon chemistry: The science of distance running (video)
Marathons are tough. Athletes push their bodies for miles and deal with cramping, dehydration and every runner's worst fear: that extreme form of fatigue called 'hitting the wall.' Why is distance running so difficult?

'Morphing' wing offers new twist on plane flight and manufacturing
'Morphing' wing could enable more efficient plane manufacturing and flight.

Collection provides tools to improve clinical research in Africa and Asia
Quality assurance of clinical research is critical to ensure meaningful results in compliance with universal ethical standards.

Pupil response to negative facial expressions predicts risk for depression relapse
Pupil dilation in reaction to negative emotional faces predicts risk for depression relapse, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Ebola adapted to better infect humans during 2013-2016 epidemic
Researchers have identified mutations in Ebola virus that emerged during the 2013-2016 Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa that increased the ability of the virus to infect human cells, two independent teams of researchers are reporting Nov.

When dictators die, stability reigns
A dictator's death rarely leads to regime change, according to a new study that comes as a fifth of the world's authoritarian rulers are at least 70 years old and in various stages of declining health.

HSE researchers expand on neuroanatomical model of semantic aphasia
For the last 70 years, it was largely believed that spatial processing disorders, including those seen in language, occurred when the temporal-parietal-occipital junction of the brain's left hemisphere was damaged.

Mammo outcomes improve when docs compare prior screenings
The recall rate of screening mammography is reduced when radiologists compare with more than one prior mammogram, a study published in the October 2016 issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology said.

2017 DOE Joint Genome Institute Community Science Program allocations announced
The organisms and ecosystems highlighted in the 37 projects selected for the 2017 Community Science Program (CSP) of the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, 'exploit DOE JGI's experimental and analytical 'omics' capabilities and build our portfolio in key focus areas' and reflect the breadth and depth of interests researchers are exploring to find solutions to energy and environmental challenges.

Non-native insects change more than native host plant survival
Leaf litter chemistry of Guam's native cycad examined to determine the effects on soil chemistry.

How your diet can influence your environmental impact
The impact of our dietary choices on the global phosphorus footprint shouldn't be neglected, shows a new study.

Louisiana Tech University Trenchless Technology Center to host municipal forum
The Trenchless Technology Center (TTC) at Louisiana Tech University will host a gathering of regional industry professionals working in the water and wastewater sector during the Shreveport Municipal Forum and Exhibition on Trenchless Technology 2016 on Nov.

KBED partnership wins national award for economic development
Kansas State University's Knowledge Based Economic Development, or KBED, partnership with the Manhattan community is receiving a national award for enhancing the region's economy.

Brain scientists at TU Dresden examine brain networks during short-term task learning
'Practice makes perfect' is a common saying. We all have experienced that the initially effortful implementation of novel tasks is becoming rapidly easier and more fluent after only a few repetitions.

Iowa State physicists help demonstrate existence of new subatomic structure
Iowa State University researchers have helped demonstrate the existence of a tetraneutron, a subatomic structure once thought unlikely to exist.

Two genetic markers that predict malaria treatment failure found
A malaria treatment that combines fast-acting dihydroartemisinin with long-lasting piperaquine is quickly losing power in Cambodia due to the rapid spread of drug-resistant parasites.

The color of birds
New research provides insight into plumage evolution.

A roadmap to life after the worst injuries, in times of war and peace
The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have produced a horrific type of medical trauma known as the 'dismounted complex blast injury' in which an improvised explosive device detonates beneath a soldier patrolling on foot, often leading to the loss of multiple limbs.

Georgetown researchers describe method to study real time cancer invasion
A research team at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center has described the steps, in both written and video format, that allow cancer investigators to track, in real time, cancer cell invasion and metastasis in transparent zebrafish embryos.

Tuberculosis bacteria find their ecological niche
An international team of researchers have isolated and analyzed genetically tuberculosis bacteria from several thousand patients from over a hundred countries.

WSU researchers show genetic variants and environmental exposures have influence on health
Scientists at the Wayne State University School of Medicine's Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics have shown for the first time the extent by which interactions between environmental exposures and genetic variation across individuals have a significant impact on human traits and diseases like diabetes, heart disease and obesity, strengthening the case for precision medicine initiatives.

Psychologists identify key characteristics of earworms
If you've found yourself singing along to Lady Gaga's 'Bad Romance' hours after you switched the radio off, you are not alone.

Virtual reality: Hybrid Virtual Environment 3-D comes to the cinema
Professor Tomás Dorta compared the virtual reality experience with two different systems: the one with VR headsets versus one with an immersive projection system using a concave-spherical screen, developed by his research team and called Hybrid Virtual Environment 3D (Hyve-3D).

Mining digital crumbs helps predict crowds' mobility
Getting urban planning right is no mean feat. It requires understanding how and when people travel between different places.

Association between sugary diet and coronary artery disease
What connection is there between food and drink with added sugar and coronary artery disease?

Insulin resistance reversed by removal of protein
By removing the protein galectin-3 (Gal3), a team of investigators led by University of California School of Medicine researchers were able to reverse diabetic insulin resistance and glucose intolerance in mouse models of obesity and diabetes.

NNI and McLaren sign understanding to explore application of technology to neurological care
The National Neuroscience Institute in Singapore and McLaren Applied Technologies have today signed a memorandum of understanding that will allow both parties to begin jointly exploring how predictive analytics more commonly associated with advanced motorsports could be used to help improve patient care.

Kids most likely to suffer sport-related eye injuries
Roughly 30,000 sports-related eye injuries serious enough to end in a visit to the emergency room occur each year in the United States, and the majority happen to those under the age of 18, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.

Cholesterol may help proteins pair up to transmit signals across cell membranes
Cholesterol may act as a selective glue that binds proteins into paired structures that enable human cells to respond to outside signals, according to a new study in PLOS Computational Biology.

IDRI receives $15 million commitment from Eli Lilly for TB drug discovery
IDRI's drug discovery efforts continue to grow with a recently awarded $7.5 million in additional funding, plus an additional $7.5 million of in-kind services, for a total commitment of $15 million over the next five years from Eli Lilly and Company.

Soda tax falls flat
Four cities will be voting Nov. 8 on whether to tax soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages.

UNC scientists identify 'collateral vessel' gene that protects against stroke damage
Scientists have known that when an artery is blocked, the damage to tissues is often limited because these tissues continue to be nourished by special 'collateral' vessels that connect the tissue to other arteries.

Mutational signatures mark cancer's smoking gun
A broad computational study of cancer genome sequences identifies telltale mutational signatures associated with smoking tobacco and demonstrates, for the first time, that smoking increases cancer risk by causing somatic mutations in tissues directly and indirectly exposed to tobacco smoke.

Newport Hospital's rehab program wins third consecutive Press Ganey Guardian of Excellence Award
Newport Hospital has again been named a Guardian of Excellence Award recipient by Press Ganey Associates, Inc. for superior care provided by the hospital's Vanderbilt Rehabilitation Center inpatient unit.

Mixtec evangelicals
A new book by UCSB scholar examines the impact of globalization on an indigenous group in Mexico.

New metabolomic screening method detects multiple inborn errors of metabolism in urine
Analysis of a single urine sample using a metabolomics-based screening approach can identify multiple different inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs), facilitating early disease detection and rapid initiation of treatment, as described in an article published in Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers.

Study tests police training on rape, domestic violence victims
Three researchers at Sam Houston State University will evaluate a new training initiative by the Houston Police Department designed to improve response to sexual assault and domestic violence victims.

Proteins secreted by beneficial gut microbes shown to inhibit salmonella, invasive E. coli
Few treatments exist for bacteria-caused intestinal inflammation that leads to diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramps.

Biodiversity needs citizen scientists
Could birdwatching or monitoring tree blossoms in your community make a difference in global environmental research?

Liquid crystal design method could speed development of cheap chemical sensors
University of Wisconsin-Madison chemical engineers have developed a new way to create inexpensive chemical sensors for detecting explosives, industrial pollutants or even the chemical markers of disease in a patient's breath.

June Martin, RN, of Newport Hospital, receives national Press Ganey nurse of year award
June Martin, R.N., a 40-year veteran of the Newport Hospital nursing staff, is the recipient of the Press Ganey 2016 Nurse of the Year Award.

Poor self-regulation in teens associated with circadian rhythms and daytime sleepiness
Chronic insufficient sleep is at epidemic levels in US teens and has been associated with depression, substance use, accidents, and academic failure.

Soil could become a significant source of carbon dioxide, experts warn
If people continue using and changing the land over the next century in the same way they currently do, soils will have limited potential to counter the effect of climate change and will become a net source of atmospheric carbon dioxide, experts have warned.

Study: Internet gaming's 'not as addictive as gambling but more research is needed'
A new Oxford University study suggests that playing internet games is not as addictive as gambling.

Scientists decode the genome of Chinese licorice
In research published in The Plant Journal, a group of scientists led by researchers from the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science in Japan have decoded the genome of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, or Chinese licorice, a plant that is important for its use in Chinese medicine and as a natural sweetener.

New low cost workforce is effective in decreasing depression burden in primary care
Aging Brain Care Medical Home, a novel brain-focused population health management program implemented in older adults' homes by low cost workforce, lowered depression severity by more than 50 percent over six months.

Clearing the air in space
For decades, NASA engineers have been key players in the design, fabrication and testing of the equipment that keeps astronauts safe in space -- on Skylab, SpaceHab and the International Space Station.

Why some songs get stuck in your head
Almost all of us get songs stuck in our heads from time to time but why do certain tunes have the 'stick factor'?

Scientists find key protein for spinal cord repair
A freshwater zebrafish costs less than two bucks at the pet store, but it can do something priceless: Its spinal cord can heal completely after being severed, a paralyzing and often fatal injury for humans.

USDA awards $4.3 million to ensure access to needed veterinary services
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture today awarded more than $4.3 million to 48 American veterinarians to help repay a portion of their veterinary school loans in return for serving in areas lacking sufficient veterinary resources critical to America's food safety, food security, and to the health and well-being of animals and humans.

More than 3 million children under 5 years old will die from infectious diseases next year
A new report outlines the alarming burden of pediatric infectious diseases across the world.

First multicolor electron microscopy images revealed
The best microscope we have for peering inside of a cell can now produce color images.

Blood pressure may open door to personalized medicine for PTSD
A new study reports that soldiers with higher blood pressure before beginning prazosin treatment see better results from the medication.

Global hot spot maps link consumers with impacts
A new model creates global hot spot maps to illuminate how what we buy pollutes the planet and where.

Study details rare cardiac side effects of immune checkpoint cancer therapies
Combination therapy utilizing two approved immunotherapy drugs for cancer treatment may cause rare and sometimes fatal cardiac side effects linked to an unexpected immune response.

UTA researcher looks to use new algorithms to improve precipitation maps
A UTA civil engineering professor and hydrologic researcher expects to improve the accuracy of rainfall maps produced by the National Weather Service by 10 to 20 percent for heavy-to-extreme rainfall events through a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration grant.

Prize-winning research reveals every brain a mosaic of somatic mutations
The 2016 Grand Prize winner of The Eppendorf & Science Prize for Neurobiology, Gilad Evrony, pioneered new techniques for sequencing and analyzing the genomes of individual brain cells, suggesting diverse mutations occur during brain development -- some of which may impact the brain and lead to neurologic disease.

Physicists reveal cocktails with Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde features
Disturbing a mix of two liquids can yield some surprising effects.

Why bad genes aren't always bad news
University of Toronto researchers have figured out where in the genome to look 'good' mutations -- those that cancel out the fallout from damaging mutations.

Electron kaleidoscope: New technique visualizes multiple objects in many colors
In a paper published online Nov. 3 in Cell Chemical Biology, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Howard Hughes Medical Institute describe a new form of multicolor EM that allows for simultaneous visualization of multiple molecular species.

Sandfly spit vaccinates mice against leishmaniasis infection
A vaccine against cutaneous leishmaniasis, a skin infection caused by Leishmania parasites, may be spitting distance away -- sandfly spit, that is.

Words matter when talking about Alzheimer's
Using war metaphors in reference to Alzheimer's disease should be replaced with messages of resilience against a complex, age-associated condition that may not be fully defeatable, according to a team of researchers.

Immune cell insight offers hope for tackling deadly lung condition
Fresh insights into a life-threatening lung condition triggered by blood poisoning could signal a new approach to treating the disease, researchers found.

Can you smell through your lungs?
It was always thought that olfactory receptors' sole bodily function was to smell, and could only be found inside a nose.

Both providers and patients drive health care spending, study finds
A study co-authored by MIT economists provides a new answer to the medical cost mystery: By scrutinizing millions of Medicare patients who have moved from one place to another, the researchers have found that patients and providers account for virtually equal shares of the differences in regional spending.

Kent research on pigment production reveals Achilles' heel for MRSA
Research co-led by bioscientists at the University of Kent provides a molecular explanation for how the bacterium behind the super bug MRSA produces a red pigment that is crucial for its rapid growth.

For smokers with HIV, smoking may now be more harmful than HIV itself
HIV-positive individuals who smoke cigarettes may be more likely to die from smoking-related disease than the infection itself, according to a new study published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

IU Kelley School of Business panel presents somber economic forecast for 2017
As in 2015 and this year, Indiana University Kelley School of Business economists expect output growth nationally next year to average only slightly above 2 percent.

Diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: Llama antibodies detect cerebral lesions
The major challenge facing physicians treating Alzheimer's is the ability to detect markers of the disease as early as possible.

Genetic marker found for resistance to malaria treatment in Cambodia
Scientists at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators have discovered genetic markers in malaria parasites linked with resistance to the anti-malarial drug piperaquine.

Smoking may shorten the lifespan of people living with HIV more than HIV itself
A new study led by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital finds that cigarette smoking substantially reduces the lifespan of people living with HIV in the US, potentially even more than HIV itself.

Buildup of 'toxic fat' metabolite could increase diabetes risk
For years, scientists have known that someone who is thin could still end up with diabetes.

ACP applauds new Medicare policies to support high-value primary care
The American College of Physicians (ACP) is pleased that the 2017 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule final rule by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) includes several important initiatives to support high-value primary care.

Studies examine racial bias in pollution, devaluation of black communities
Present-day racial biases may contribute to the pollution and devaluation of lower- and middle-class black communities, according to new research led by a social psychologist at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

WSU study reveals non-invasive prenatal genetic test is accurate five weeks into pregnancy
The latest developments in prenatal technology conceived by scientists at the Wayne State University School of Medicine that make it possible to test for genetic disorders a little more than one month into pregnancy were revealed this week in Science Translational Medicine, a journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

High hospital profits hurt medicine
Is the medical profession losing the race to attract the best and the brightest?

Smells like teen spirit
A meta-analysis of research on the effects of music, scent, and color in shopping environments produces guidance on how and when these stimuli are effective.

GRAPES-3 indicates a crack in Earth's magnetic shield
The GRAPES-3 muon telescope, the largest and most sensitive cosmic ray monitor recorded a burst of galactic cosmic rays that indicated a crack in the Earth's magnetic shield.

How the liver dances to a day/night rhythm
Following the day-night cycle, the liver has its own metabolic rhythm.

New TSRI study suggests Ebola can adapt to better target human cells
A new study co-led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) suggests that Ebola virus gained a genetic mutation during the 2013-16 epidemic that appears to have helped it better target human cells.

NYU Dentistry awarded $1.3M HRSA grant to expand dental access for underserved populations
Courtney H. Chinn, DDS, MPH, clinical associate professor of pediatric dentistry and director of the postgraduate program in pediatric dentistry at the NYU College of Dentistry (NYU Dentistry), has received a five-year, $1.3 million award from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) to establish Growing Faculty Success in Community-based Educational Settings (Growing Success).

Gene regulation: Shaping up to make the cut
Before RNA copies of genes can program the synthesis of proteins, the non-coding regions are removed by the spliceosome.

The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Scientists identify genetic markers of resistance to frontline malaria drug that could help control outbreaks
Scientists have identified genetic markers associated with resistance to the one of the most commonly used malaria drugs in Southeast Asia.

Healthy recipes and effective social marketing campaign improve eating habits
The Food Hero social marketing campaign is an effective way to help low-income families eat more nutritious meals through fast, tasty, affordable and healthy recipes, two new research studies from Oregon State University have found.

Urine of pregnant women could be used to predict fetal growth and birth weight
The urine of pregnant women could be used to help identify lifestyle interventions that help maintain a healthy birth weight for their baby, according to new research published in BMC Medicine.

Injury triggers stem cell growth in the parasite that causes schistosomiasis
Parasitic flatworms known as schistosomes require a gene called cpb1 in order to survive in mice, according to a new study published in PLOS Pathogens.

Here's how your body transports zinc to protect your health
Researchers have, for the first time, created detailed blueprints of the molecular moving vans that ferry this important mineral everywhere it's needed through the blood.

High number of sports-related eye injuries in US
From 2010 to 2013, approximately 30,000 individuals a year reported to emergency departments in the United States with sports-related eye injuries, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Dental occlusion and ophthalmology: A literature review
Dental Occlusion and Ophthalmology: A Literature Review is a summary of many years of research and dental clinic of Orofacial Pain Department directed by Professor Monaco of University of L'Aquila on a complex subject: connections between temporomandibular joints and vision.

A secret ingredient to help heal spinal cord injuries?
Researchers have identified a protein in zebrafish that facilitates healing of major spinal cord injuries.

Study: Graphic pictures on cigarette packs would significantly reduce smoking death rate
Using prominent, graphic pictures on cigarette packs warning against smoking could avert more than 652,000 deaths, up to 92,000 low birth weight infants, up to 145,000 preterm births, and about 1,000 cases of sudden infant deaths in the US over the next 50 years, say researchers from Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Award for innovative cell culture technology
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a new cell culture method, which may very well enable to forgo certain tests on animals in the future.

Picture release: Spiral growth
This flower-like image shows a plant that is not developing quite right.

Mutation types in diverse cancers associated with smoking
Researchers have surveyed thousands of genomes of human tumors from smokers and nonsmokers and identified mutational signatures that are associated with tobacco smoke; for example, only cancer originating in tissues directly exposed to smoke showed a signature characteristic of a known tobacco carcinogen, report the researchers.

Smoking a pack a day for a year causes 150 mutations in lung cells
Scientists have measured the catastrophic genetic damage caused by smoking in different organs of the body and identified several different mechanisms by which tobacco smoking causes mutations in DNA.

Controlling the properties of matter in two-dimensional crystals
By creating atomic chains in a two-dimensional crystal, researchers at Penn State believe they have found a way to control the direction of materials properties in two and three dimensional crystals with implications in sensing, optoelectronics and next-generation electronics applications.

Tropical depression morphs into Meari in 1 day
Tropical Storm Meari began as a tropical depression numbered 26W north-northwest of Yap in the early morning hours of Nov.

Smart microscope adapts to changes in live specimens
HHMI/Janelia Research Campus scientists have developed the first adaptive light-sheet microscope -- a smart microscope that continuously analyzes and adapts to dynamic changes in a specimen and thereby improves spatial resolution.

Body builders aren't necessarily the strongest athletes
An increase in muscle size with exercise may not be directly related to an increase in muscle strength, according to a recent analysis of the literature.

Female fish judge males on DIY skills, study shows
An international team shows that male fish build nests to suit local environments -- and females judge males on their ability to respond to changing conditions.

Leading anthropologist Professor Lee Berger to give Kent's 2016 Stirling Lecture
The University of Kent's 2016 Stirling Lecture will be given by world renowned American-born South African paleoanthropologist Professor Lee Berger, University of Witwatersrand, on Tuesday Nov. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to