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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | November 04, 2016

When Jews and Christians changed the Ten Commandments
Bible scolar J. Cornelis de Vos presents the first full study of all ancient texts about the Decalogue -- Jewish and Christian groups tightened or extended the prohibitions and commandments in order to strengthen their group identity -- sexual ethical norms were added, but none of the Ten Commandments was ever rejected in the course of the centuries.
Fake Tweets, real consequences for the election
The researchers analyzed 20 million election-related tweets created between Sept.
Light drives single-molecule nanoroadsters
Scientists at Rice University and their international colleagues are driving three-wheeled, single-molecule 'nanoroadsters' with light and, for the first time, seeing how they move.
E-cig vapor does not induce genetic mutations associated with cigarette smoke exposure
E-cigarette vapor does not induce DNA mutations commonly observed with tobacco smoke exposures in lab-based tests.
RIT professor wins Smithsonian, Carnegie and SAI fellowships
Rochester Institute of Technology professor Joel Kastner is broadening and deepening his research program on the origins of our solar system and planetary systems orbiting other stars while on four consecutive fellowships and visiting positions during his sabbatical this academic year.
Multidrug-resistant bacteria from chickens pose risk to human health
Isolates of a common poultry pathogen collected from animals in Indian bird markets were mostly resistant to multiple classes of antibiotics.
Hip fracture patients fare best during recovery in high-occupancy nursing homes with higher level physician staffing
Hip fractures are a common and disabling condition that occurs more than 300,000 times each year in the United States in those 65 and older -- 1.6 million times worldwide.
On-chip observation of THz graphene plasmons
Researchers developed a technique for imaging THz photocurrents with nanoscale resolution, and applied it to visualize strongly compressed THz waves (plasmons) in a graphene photodetector.
ORNL wins 7 R&D 100 Awards
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have received seven R&D 100 Awards in recognition of their significant advancements in science and technology.
Yesterday's Silk Road could be tomorrow's environmental superhighway
While China is building a gigantic modern-day upgrade of the famed ancient Silk Road resplendent in global cooperation in the name of economic expansion, a group of sustainability scholars point out that the Belt and Road Initiative also could be a superhighway of environmental progress.
Detour via gravitational lens makes distant galaxy visible
Never before have astrophysicists measured light of such high energy from a celestial object so far away.
Older dogs better at learning new tricks
Older adolescents and adults can learn certain thinking skills including non-verbal reasoning more effectively than younger people, finds new UCL (University College London) research.
A race against time to diagnose deadly weight loss in cancer patients
About one third of cancer patients die because of cachexia -- an involuntary weight loss, characterized primarily by muscle wasting and metabolic changes, which cannot be addressed or treated solely with increased food intake.
NJIT engineers win Edison Patent Award for technology that masks the taste of bitter drugs
Rajesh Davé, distinguished professor of chemical, biological and pharmaceutical engineering, and two of his former graduate students, Maxx Capece and Daniel To, received a Thomas Alva Edison Patent Award from the Research & Development Council of New Jersey for developing a manufacturing process that masks the bitter tastes of medications while delivering them effectively to their targets in the body.
Children's health and privacy at risk from digital marketing
For the first time, researchers and health experts have undertaken a comprehensive analysis of the concerning situation in the World Health Organisation European Region regarding digital marketing to children of foods high in fats, salt and sugars
Researchers confirm universal principles of phase transitions
New research conducted at the University of Chicago has confirmed a decades-old theory describing the dynamics of continuous phase transitions.
Research validates the defining hallmark of Transcendental Meditation -- effortlessness
A study of 87 subjects found that Transcendental Meditation consistently activates the brain's default mode network, indicating that this approach to meditation doesn't entail concentration or focus.
Researchers find immunotherapy treatments better for advanced skin cancer
The team evaluated 15 randomized controlled trials published between 2011 and 2015, assessing the benefits and harms of targeted or immune checkpoint inhibitors in 6,662 patients with cancer that had spread to the lymph nodes and surgery was not an option, or distant metastatic melanoma.
Study challenges model of Alzheimer's disease progression
Researchers provide unprecedented evidence that basal forebrain pathology precedes and predicts both entorhinal pathology and memory impairment in people with Alzheimer's disease.
Research finds brain changes, needs to be retrained after ACL injury
A new study shows that when you injure your knee, it changes your brain -- which could put you at risk for further injuries.
Nanostructures made of pure gold
Researchers from TU Wien have discovered a novel way to fabricate pure gold nanostructures using an additive direct-write lithography technique.
Coastal resiliency researchers awarded $1.3 million in grants
Nearly a quarter of the world's population lives within 60 miles of the shoreline and within 300 feet of sea level elevation.
NASA's NavCube could support an X-ray communications demonstration in space -- a NASA first
Two proven technologies have been combined to create a promising new technology that could meet future navigational challenges in deep space.
Tropical Storm Meari forecast to intensify
Tropical Storm Meari is currently located 331 miles north of Ulithi which is an atoll in the Caroline Islands of the western Pacific Ocean.
NASA's MMS breaks Guinness World Record
NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale mission, or MMS, is breaking records. MMS now holds the Guinness World Record for highest altitude fix of a GPS signal.
In food packaging, color matters
Food shoppers associate qualities of healthfulness and taste with the color of the packaging, so manufacturers must understand what light versus dark colors mean to buyers.
A remote-controlled drone helps in designing future wireless networks
By using both the aerial photographs taken by the drone and photogrammetry software, researchers were able to create highly detailed 3-D models of urban environments.
Insight into the seat of human consciousness
Research led by neurologists at BIDMC has pinpointed the regions of the brain that may play a role in maintaining consciousness.
Stressed-out rats consume more alcohol, revealing related brain chemistry
Researchers found that rodents that had been exposed to stress had a weakened alcohol-induced dopamine response and voluntarily drank more alcohol compared to controls.
Medicare to cover key services championed by AGS to improve care for chronically ill
As a result of ongoing advocacy from the AGS and our fellow stakeholders, the Final 2017 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule Rule recognizes much of the cognitive work that geriatrics healthcare professionals, primary care providers, and other cognitive specialists currently and regularly provide -- until now without reimbursement.
Study finds female faculty are underrepresented in genomics
A Northwestern University study of the collaboration patterns sheds light on how the experiences of STEM female and male faculty vary.
In Singapore, experts seek solutions for the rising burden of osteoporosis in Asia-Pacific
Health professionals from more than 45 countries will gather today in Singapore for the opening of the International Osteoporosis Foundation Regionals 6th Asia-Pacific Osteoporosis Meeting.
Tsunami of stars and gas produces dazzling eye-shaped feature in galaxy
Astronomers using ALMA have discovered a tsunami of stars and gas that is crashing midway through the disk of a spiral galaxy known as IC 2163.
New winners to be announced at Quantum Technologies showcase
The winning bids for funding from the UK Quantum Technologies Innovation Fund were announced Thursday, Nov.
Michael E. Charness honored for contributions to understanding alcohol's impact
Michael E. Charness, M.D., professor of neurology and associate dean of veteran's affairs at Boston University School of Medicine, was recently awarded the 2016 Mark Keller Honorary Award from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Genetic mutations that lead to macular degeneration blindness mapped by new research
Two gene mutations that trigger a retinal disease that causes blindness in one in 5,000 males have been mapped, leading to the potential for new therapeutic treatments.
Study finds female faculty are underrepresented in genomics
A Northwestern University study of collaboration patterns sheds light on how the experiences of STEM female and male faculty vary.
SUNY Geneseo composer embarks on music project in Antarctica
A SUNY Geneseo faculty member is in Antarctica with a team of climate scientists this month where he is gathering seismic data from the Ross Ice Shelf to compose music in drawing attention to the viability of the shelf.
A new methodology for agri-food industry receives an award at an international congress
Juan Ignacio Latorre-Biel, lecturer at the Public University of Navarre, has received the prize for the best scientific contribution during the 2nd International Food Operations & Processing Simulation Workshop, FoodOPS, held in Larnaca, Cyprus.
A new method allows to detect the presence in ham of the parasite that causes toxoplasmosis
Scientists from the universities of Granada and Valencia have developed a new molecular method for determining the presence of the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, which causes toxoplasmosis, in samples of ham.
Rubella virus persists after vaccination in some patients with rare immune disorders
Some patients with rare primary immunodeficiency disorders may at risk for infection by rubella virus, and possibly serious skin inflammation, after receiving the rubella vaccine.
Researchers propose mechanism for spread of metastatic breast cancer to bone
New research explains how metastatic breast cancer cells might use bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to help them spread to bone tissue.
Hubble takes flight with the toucan and the cluster
NGC 299 is an open star cluster located within the Small Magellanic Cloud just under 200,000 light-years away.
WSU researcher develops safer gene therapy
A Washington State University researcher has developed a way to reduce the development of cancer cells that are an infrequent but dangerous byproduct of gene therapy.
Genetic cause for shift work fatigue discovered
Some people adapt easily to shift work, but not everyone can handle constant disruptions to their daily rhythm.
Large-scale study reveals new insights into coral and symbiotic algae partnership
A large-scale study of Caribbean coral has yielded discoveries on the pairing process between an endangered coral and the microscopic symbiotic algae they rely on for survival.
Study finds female scientists collaborate differently
Succeeding in the male-dominated science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines can be very challenging for female faculty.
To what extent are Clinton and Trump campaign strategies driven by analytics?
A new feature article focuses on a major difference between the Clinton and Trump presidential campaigns that is often neglected in media coverage: their data operations.
AMBER-led consortium awarded over €4.4 million in highly competitive European funding program
Researchers in Trinity College Dublin will lead an international project worth over €4.4 million under the European-funded 'Future and Emerging Technologies -- Open' program.
Power outage in the brain may be source of Alzheimer's
In new research appearing in the journal Alzheimer's and Dementia, Diego Mastroeni, Paul Coleman and their colleagues at the ASU-Banner Neurodegenerative Disease Research Center (NDRC) and the Biodesign Center for Bioenergetics investigate the role of mitochondria in Alzheimer's disease pathology.
Compost bedding good for cow claw health
Dairy cows kept in barns often develop claw damage because of humid and unsuitable roaming areas.
Pitt professor receives $21.8 million to study exercise/brain-health link in older adults
The University of Pittsburgh will conduct a Phase III trial on the exercise/brain-health link, thanks to a a $21.8 million grant from the National Institute on Aging.
Laser particles could provide sharper images of tissues
A new imaging technique stimulates metallic, chopstick-like particles to emit laser light, and could create sharper images of biological tissues and cells.
Virtual reality app makes haptics as immersive as visuals
Disney Research has developed a 360-degree virtual reality application that enables users to enhance their experience by adding customized haptic effects that can be triggered by user movements, biofeedback or timelines.
Herbivorous mammals have bigger bellies
As an international study conducted by the University of Zurich based on 3-D reconstructions of animal skeletons reveals for the first time: Herbivorous mammals have bigger bellies than their usually slim carnivorous counterparts.
Many colorectal cancers would be missed with new criteria for patient referral
Recently, in the UK, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence outlined criteria that should trigger primary care clinicians to refer patients with suspected colorectal cancer to see an oncologist.
An integrated approach to HIV prevention
The Medical University of South Carolina has received a $3.1 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to study an integrated approach of screening and treatment for HIV, diabetes, and hypertension in Tanzania.

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