Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 07, 2016
System opens up high-performance programming to nonexperts
Researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and Stony Brook University have developed a new system that allows users to describe what they want their programs to do in very general terms.

Proteins as an early warning system for type 1 diabetes?
Certain proteins in the blood of children can predict incipient type 1 diabetes, even before the first symptoms appear.

Three key practices in hospital HR departments linked to exemplary patient care
Researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine have identified three HR practices for hospitals that can improve clinical work behaviors, leading to better outcomes for patients.

Study questions usefulness of 'rainbow draw'
University of Iowa researchers have shown that most (more than 90 percent) of the extra vials of blood drawn for lab tests never get used and are instead discarded.

Age-old secret that Hollywood celebrities try to keep from you has been uncovered
The long, sabre-like teeth of pre-mammalian therapsids, like gorgonopsians, were previously believed to be for use in hunting or protection.

New technique aids search for genetic roots of disease
Some 10 million points of genetic variation are scattered across each DNA molecule, and those variations make us who we are.

Recovering critical and economically important metals from low-grade ores and waste
Researchers at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland are developing technologies for extracting valuable metals from metallurgical waste and low-grade ores, from which recovery is not yet economically viable.

University of Toronto study reveals secret to a happy sex life
The secret to a happy sex life in long-term relationships is the belief that it takes hard work and effort, instead of expecting sexual satisfaction to simply happen if you are true soulmates, says a study led by a University of Toronto social psychology researcher.

Getting a pacemaker soon after heart valve replacement linked with worse outcomes
Patients who undergo minimally invasive heart valve replacement, known as TAVR, sometimes develop heart rhythm problems that necessitate placement of a permanent pacemaker.

Model predicts elimination of GMO crops would cause hike in greenhouse gas emissions
A global ban on genetically modified crops would raise food prices and add the equivalent of nearly a billion tons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, a study by researchers from Purdue University shows.

Regenstrief scientists receive prestigious award for innovation in biomedical informatics
Burke Mamlin, MD, and Paul Biondich, MD, of the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University School of Medicine are being honored with AMIA's 2016 Donald A.B.

An issue whose time has come: Sex/gender influences on nervous system function
Following decades of clinical research largely excluding females, scientists are finding that there are large differences in men and women that go well beyond their reproductive systems.

Salamander research may lead to new strategies to treat infertility
Some animals, such as the axolotl salamander, have the ability to generate large numbers of eggs -- or oocytes -- throughout life.

Patagonian fossil leaves reveal rapid recovery from dinosaur extinction event
Ancient feeding marks from hungry insects in South American leaf fossils are shedding new light on the mass extinction that wiped out the dinosaurs.

Antibody protects developing fetus from Zika virus, mouse study shows
The most devastating consequence of Zika virus infection is the development of microcephaly, or an abnormally small head, in babies who were infected in utero.

Dependency can be an evolutionary advantage
A research team from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, has now been able to show experimentally that autonomous bacteria which lose their ability to produce certain amino acids autonomously gain an advantage by becoming dependent on others who provide these nutrients.

Protamine shows promise for new types of contact lens disinfectant
Protamine -- a natural protein with a proven safety record -- may be useful in developing new types of disinfectant solutions for contact lenses, according to a study published in the November issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.

The birth of massive stars is accompanied by strong luminosity bursts
'How do massive stars form?' is one of the fundamental questions in modern astrophysics, because these massive stars govern the energy budget of their host galaxies.

Real-world US post-FDA approval usage of the Watchman device presented at TCT 2016
Results from the US real-world, post-FDA approval experience of the Watchman device found high procedural success and low complication rates despite implantations by a large percentage of new operators.

New technology taps power of diatoms to dramatically improve sensor performance
Researchers have combined one of nature's tiny miracles, the diatom, with a version of inkjet printing and optical sensing to create an exceptional sensing device that may be up to 10 million times more sensitive than some other commonly used approaches.

Age at cancer diagnosis may affect the risk of death from heart disease
The age at which a cancer survivor was diagnosed may help determine their risk of death from heart disease.

Pollution emitted near equator has biggest impact on global ozone
Since the 1980s, air pollution has increased worldwide, but it has increased at a much faster pace in regions close to the equator.

New coral research exposes genomic underpinnings of adaptation
Scientists have observed for the first time that separate populations of the same species can diverge in their capacity to regulate genes when adapting to their local environment.

Funding a set of essential medicines for low- and middle-income countries
As the world moves toward universal health coverage, the question arises: how can governments ensure equitable access to essential medicines in low- and middle-income countries?

George Washington University report outlines opportunities, challenges for kidney health workforce
The American Society of Nephrology, the world's largest organization of kidney health professionals, released the latest analysis of the US adult nephrology workforce authored by George Washington University researchers.

Despite clinical and cost evidence, barriers remain to feeding mother's own milk in NICU
Multiple barriers remain to providing hospitalized, low-birthweight infants their mothers' own breast milk, despite evidence of improved clinical and financial outcomes.

Scientists discover a cause of multiple resistance to cancer chemotherapy
A new study by researchers at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute, led by Dr.

Variable tree growth after fire protects forests from future bark beetle outbreaks
Do severe wildfires make forests in the western United States more susceptible to future bark beetle outbreaks The answer, in a study published Monday (Nov.

Early study finds antibody that 'neutralizes' Zika virus
Researchers studied Zika survivors and made human monoclonal antibodies from their B cells that kill the virus.

Stanford researchers take step toward gene therapy for sickle cell disease
Using the CRISPR gene-editing technique in stem cells, Stanford researchers repaired the gene that causes sickle cell disease, and the mended stem cells were successfully transplanted into mice.

Scientists use advanced technology to better understand ataxia
According to a recent study published in JAMA Neurology, Northwestern Medicine scientists have examined more than a century of data of the genetic makeup of ataxias, a neurodegenerative disorder, to better understand the different forms of this devastating disease and how it affects patients.

Mouse study shows antibody can soothe raging, nerve-driven poison ivy itch
Scientists at Duke Health and Zhejiang Chinese Medical University have developed a strategy to stop the uncontrollable itch caused by urushiol, the oily sap common to poison ivy, poison sumac, poison oak and even mango trees.

Poor children with epilepsy may face social hurdles
In a population-based Canadian study of children with epilepsy, each of whom had access to universal health care, those from poor families had the same medical course and remission rate as their wealthier counterparts, but they had a less favorable social outcome as adults.

The Caucasus as an 'island' in the 'sea' of steppes: New insights in mosquito evolution
A study into the chromosomes of mosquitoes living by a saltwater lake in the foothills of the Caucasus made it possible for two Russian scientists to reveal new insights into the mosquito evolution history.

Accelerated immune aging may contribute to obesity-linked metabolic disease
Motoaki Sano and colleagues at the Keio University School of Medicine examined how changes in immune cell populations contribute to chronic visceral fat inflammation in a new study published this week in the JCI.

Global experts discuss new approaches and innovations in ocular drug delivery systems
A special issue 'Ocular Drug Delivery' has just been published in the journal Drug Delivery and Translational Research.

Gold nanoparticles help deliver lethal one-two punch to cancer
Tagging gold nanoparticles with a small dose of radiation has helped researchers trace the precious metal as it delivers a drug right into the heart of cancer cells, according to new laboratory research being presented at the 2016 National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference.

Aging bonobos in the wild could use reading glasses too
As people age, they often find that it's more difficult to see things up close.

Herbivory and climate change factors may significantly increase BVOC emissions from boreal conifers
A recent study from the University of Eastern Finland shows that the combination of insect outbreaks and climate change factors may significantly increase BVOC emissions of conifers in northern Europe.

Quasimodo illuminates the secret to the ticking of our internal clocks
Is it possible to stop the ticking of time and what might it mean if we could?

Testing of investigational inactivated Zika vaccine in humans begins
The first of five early stage clinical trials to test the safety and ability of an investigational Zika vaccine candidate called the Zika Purified Inactivated Virus (ZPIV) vaccine to generate an immune system response has begun at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Clinical Trial Center in Maryland.

Treatment advances have not improved long-term health status of childhood cancer survivors
Despite therapeutic advances over the past 30 years, adult survivors of childhood cancer continue to report poor physical and mental health status.

Stanford study identifies new biomarkers for Huntington's disease
Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine have identified several new biological markers to measure the progression of the inherited neurodegenerative disorder Huntington's disease.

Human trials begin for Army-developed Zika purified inactivated virus (ZPIV) vaccine
The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research began vaccinations today in a Phase 1 human clinical trial to test the safety and immunogenicity of the Zika purified inactivated virus (ZPIV) vaccine.

Gene network controls how many flowers and fruits plants will make in critical growth window
A CSHL team have used RNA sequencing to identify a network of hundreds of genes that work together to determine the duration of a critical window for the growth of stem cells in plants that give rise to flowers.

Checkpoint blockade helps only a subset of patients, why?
Many cancer patients respond favorably to immunotherapies, but most do not.

From the Panama Papers to an intelligence service for your own business
In 2016 more than a hundred newspapers and others published revelations on tax avoidance and evasion.

New mouse model of ALS more closely mimics human disease
For decades, scientists have used animal models to understand what causes ALS and to test therapies to treat it.

Results from the tranform-oct study reported at TCT 2016
Results from TRANSFORM-OCT, a prospective, randomized trial using optical coherence tomography (OCT) to evaluate strut coverage and neoatherosclerosis (NA) found that bioresorbable polymer-based drug-eluting stents (BP-EES) are comparable to durable polymer-based drug-eluting stents (DP-ZES).

A new approach against Salmonella and other pathogens
Researchers from MIT and UC Irvine have developed a way to immunize against microbes that invade the gastrointestinal tract, including Salmonella, the leading cause of foodborne illness in the US.

Closure of obstetric services in BC did not affect labor and delivery
The closure of obstetric services at hospitals in British Columbia did not result in an increase or decrease in frequency of adverse events during labor and delivery, according to a new study in CMAJ.

Getting to the root of it: Predicting root biomass with electrical capacitance
Researchers in North America's largest breeding program for shrub willow -- an important biofuel crop -- have developed a method to measure belowground root biomass using electrical capacitance (an object's ability to store an electrical charge).

Pitt researchers uncover key mechanisms of cancer, aging and inflammation
A team of University of Pittsburgh researchers has uncovered new details about the biology of telomeres, 'caps' of DNA that protect the tips of chromosomes and play key roles in a number of health conditions, including cancer, inflammation and aging.

Reproductive history and hormone use may affect women's cognitive function
In a study of healthy postmenopausal women, reproductive life events related to sex hormones, including earlier age at menarche, later age at last pregnancy, length of reproductive period, and use of oral contraceptives were positively related to aspects of cognition in later life.

Researchers use graphene templates to make new metal-oxide nanostructures
Metal-oxide films with wrinkles and crumples transferred from graphene templates have improved properties as catalysts and electrodes, a new study shows.

Biologic therapies for rheumatoid arthritis may protect against rapid bone loss
A new review by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) Chronic Inflammation and Bone Structure (CIBS) Working Group concludes that early and aggressive treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) with biologic drugs, specifically biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), may be most effective in halting progressive bone loss in patients with RA.

Researchers want to use hardware to fight computer viruses
Fighting computer viruses isn't just for software anymore. Binghamton University researchers will use a grant from the National Science Foundation to study how hardware can help protect computers too.

Bees use multiple cues in hunt for pollen
Bees use a variety of senses and memory of previous experiences when deciding where to forage for pollen, research by the University of Exeter suggests.

Early planned birth linked to risk of poor child development
Children born following planned births before 39 weeks have a heightened risk of poor child development at school age, University of Sydney research shows.

New understanding of rip currents could help to save lives
Research by the universities of Southampton and Plymouth has found a new link between breaking waves and the hazard posed by rip currents.

UNC scientists named to European Union-funded global Zika research consortium
Two researchers at the UNC School of Medicine have been named to a global consortium for Zika research and vaccine development.

Bushmeat hunting drives biodiversity declines in Central Africa
Bushmeat hunting has dramatically reduced animal biodiversity in forests near rural villages in the Central African nation of Gabon, a new Duke University-led study finds.

Low vitamin D levels linked to increased risk of bladder cancer
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased risk of developing bladder cancer, according to a systematic review of seven studies presented today at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Brighton.

Carefully chosen wording can increase donations by over 300 percent
A forthcoming study in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science, based on the psychology of sympathy, shows that small changes in the wording of a fundraising letter can increase donations by over 300 percent.

Do nights, weekends affect survival after pediatric cardiac arrest in hospital?
For hospitalized children, the rate of surviving to discharge was lower for those who had cardiac arrest with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at night compared with during the daytime and evening, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Mislabeled seafood may be more sustainable, new study finds
A University of Washington study is the first to broadly examine the ecological and financial impacts of seafood mislabeling.

Using a patient's own words, machine learning automatically identifies suicidal behavior
Using a person's spoken or written words, new computer tools can identify with great accuracy whether that person is suicidal, mentally ill but not suicidal, or neither.

Bat fatalities at wind farms prove unpredictable
Costly ecological impact assessments (EcIAs) completed prior to the building of wind farms have failed to protect bats from fatal collisions with the spinning blades.

One in 6 women diagnosed with breast cancer have a symptom other than a lump
Around one in six women (17 percent) diagnosed with breast cancer go to their doctor with a symptom other than a lump -- the most commonly reported breast cancer symptom -- according to new research.

New study to help growers implement water treatment, minimize food safety risks
Faith Critzer, a food safety specialist with University of Tennessee Extension, will lead a new multistate research and outreach project to help fruit and vegetable growers mitigate the risks their water sources might pose to the safety of their produce.

Changes of the transitional climate zone in East Asia
The transitional climate zone between humid and arid regions in East Asia is considered to be 'interface fragile' to natural disasters and climatic changes.

Canada needs national plan to combat opioid epidemic
Canada, the second highest consumer of opioids worldwide, must take a comprehensive approach to curb rampant prescribing of opioids and reduce deaths, argue addiction and mental health experts in an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal)

When do speech difficulties in children matter for literacy?
A new study found that speech difficulties are linked with difficulties in learning to read when children first start school, but these effects are no longer apparent at 8 years of age.

Mapping the biology of drug-resistant multiple sclerosis
People with multiple sclerosis rely on a drug called interferon-beta to prevent debilitating flare-ups of the disease, but up to half of patients don't respond to this treatment.

VT behavior expert edits special journal issue on solving chronic health challenges
Effectively promoting health-related behavior change needs to be a key component of health care research and policy.

Pretreating red blood cells with nitric oxide may reduce side effect linked to transfusions
A new treatment may diminish a dangerous side effect associated with transfusions of red blood cells (RBCs) known as pulmonary hypertension, an elevated blood pressure in the lungs and heart that can lead to heart failure, suggests a new study published in the November issue of Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

After Australia cut drug copays for indigenous people, hospital use declined
When the Australian government reduced drug costs for indigenous people with or at risk for chronic conditions, they became substantially less likely to need hospitalization to treat those health problems.

Could an iron-grabbing molecule help prevent UTIs? New U-M vaccine shows promise in mice
For the first time, scientists have prevented urinary tract infections in mice by vaccinating them with tiny molecules that UTI bacteria usually use to grab iron from their host and fuel the growth of bacteria in the bladder.

Brains of those with anorexia and bulimia can override urge to eat
Scientists at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have discovered the neurological reasons why those with anorexia and bulimia nervosa are able to override the urge to eat.

New advance in RNA studies holds out hope for cancer drug development
International team led by University of Leicester designed a new method to find RNA structures linked to cancer

Driverless cars, golf carts, now joined by autonomous scooter
At MIT's 2016 Open House last spring, more than 100 visitors took rides on an autonomous mobility scooter in a trial of software designed by researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, the National University of Singapore, and the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology.

Major advance in solar cells made from cheap, easy-to-use perovskite
With its ease of manufacture, perovskite has the potential to replace silicon for inexpensive solar cells.

Denver Museum of Nature & Science diamond collection brings deep Earth to the surface
Researchers at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science and University of British Columbia recently analyzed diamonds from the Museum's collection and learned how an unusual chunk of Africa formed.

Nanocellulose in medicine and green manufacturing
American University professor develops method to improve functionality of nanocellulose.

Direct determination of bandgap energy of single cesium lead bromide nanocrystals
An international research group determined directly the relation between the bandgap energy of single cesium lead bromide nanocrystals and their size and shape.

Tracing the ivory trail
More than 90 percent of ivory in large seized shipments came from elephants that died less than three years before, according to a new University of Utah study.

Small association of surgical anesthesia before age 4, later academic performance
A study of children born in Sweden suggests a small association between exposure to anesthesia for surgery before the age 4 with slightly lower school grades at age 16 and slightly lower IQ scores at 18, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Drug shows promise for preventing pre-term birth
Researchers from the University of Adelaide have successfully tested a drug that is showing some early promise in efforts to prevent pre-term birth.

Rice U. lab creates open-source optogenetics hardware, software
Rice University bioengineers have designed a low-cost, open-source optogenetics instrument that can be used by researchers who don't have optics or programming expertise.

Salty batteries
Smartphones, laptops, electric cars -- whatever the device, an efficient battery is high on any user's wish list.

Suppressing protein alleviates radiation-induced bone loss in animal model
New research may hold a clue to curtailing the feared side effect of cancer patients receiving radiation therapy being at high risk of losing bone density and suffering from broken bones within the radiation field during their lifetimes.

Watching quantum jumps
When a quantum system changes its state, this is called a quantum jump.

Results from PRISON IV presented at TCT & published in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Results from a randomized, multicenter trial failed to show non-inferiority of hybrid, ultra-thin strut sirolimus-eluting stents (Osiro SES) with a biodegradable polymer compared to thin-strut everolimus-eluting stents (Xience EES) with a durable polymer in terms of in-segment late lumen loss in successfully treated chronic total occlusions.

Telephone-based intervention shows promise in combating alcohol abuse among soldiers
Researchers at the University of Washington tested a telephone-based intervention for military members struggling with alcohol abuse, with promising results.

Researchers unravel viruses' strategies to dodge immune systems
By zooming in on GIF -- a protein secreted by the virus that causes Orf, or 'thistle disease' -- an international team of scientists, led by prof.

Andeans with altitude sickness produce massive amounts of red blood cells
To better understand why some people adapt well to life at high altitude while others don't, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine studied red blood cells derived from representatives of both groups living in the Andes Mountains.

Twenty percent of children with celiac disease do not heal on a gluten-free diet
Even after a year on a gluten-free diet, nearly 20 percent of children with celiac disease continue to have intestinal abnormalities (enteropathy) on repeat biopsies, reports a study in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, official journal of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition.

How human brains do language: 1 system, 2 channels
Contrary to popular belief, language is not limited to speech.

Common food additive promotes colon cancer in mice
Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter intestinal bacteria in a manner that promotes intestinal inflammation and colorectal cancer, according to a new study.

Most mammals have a greater life expectancy in zoos
Life in the wild harbors the risk of predation, food shortages, harsh climates, and intense competition.

Childhood cancer survivors living longer but do not report improvement in health status
Research from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study that looks at how patients diagnosed with cancer over three decades perceive their health shows need for further progress.

Western and Lawson scientists develop game-changing blood test for concussions
Scientists from Children's Health Research Institute, a program of Lawson Health Research Institute, and Western University have developed a new blood test that identifies with greater than 90 percent certainty whether or not an adolescent athlete has suffered a concussion.

Mosquito-borne illness spreads in and around homes, disproportionately hits women
Outbreaks of the mosquito-borne disease chikungunya appear to be driven by infections centered in and around the home, with women significantly more likely to become ill, suggests new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, the Institut Pasteur in Paris and the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh.

TGen discovers potential drug targets to reduce pain in pancreatic cancer patients
TGen researchers have found that nerve growth factor (NGF), a neurotrophic factor, and its receptor TRKA are associated with perineural invasion, which is the ability of pancreatic cancer cells to invade surrounding nerves.

The Lancet: Monthly cost of $1-2 per person could ensure access to basic package of 201 essential medicines
The cost of providing a basic set of 201 essential medicines to all people in low- and middle-income countries could be as little as US$1-2 per person per month (US$13-25 per person per year), according to the first analysis of the cost of providing a basket of essential medicines by The Lancet Commission on Essential Medicines.

Dirty laundry may cause environmental contamination
A new paper published in FEMS Microbiology Letters, resulting from an investigation of a laundry facility that services several Seattle-area hospitals, suggests that soiled clinical linens may be a source of surface Clostridium difficile contamination.

Ovary regeneration in salamanders could provide solutions to human infertility
Axolotl salamanders are extremely resilient, but very little research has been done on their incredible ability to regenerate internal organs and eggs -- also called oocytes.

Punching cancer with RNA knuckles
Researchers achieved an unexpected eye-popping reduction of ovarian cancer during successful tests of targeted nanohydrogel delivery in vivo in mice.

Young birds less honest when competing against siblings
Chicks that are competing with siblings or whose parents are likely to die or switch partners tend to be less honest when begging for food, research into sibling rivalry in birds by Oxford University scientists has found.

Physical and cognitive fitness may affect ALS risk
New research suggests that physical fitness, body mass index (BMI), IQ, and stress resilience in young adulthood may have effects on the risk of developing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease.

We gather here today to join lasers and anti-lasers
Berkeley Lab scientists have, for the first time, achieved both lasing and anti-lasing in a single device.

Human Evolution: Our Brains and Behavior by Robin Dunbar
In HUMAN EVOLUTION, Robin Dunbar takes readers from prehistoric to modern times, focusing on an aspect of evolution that has typically been overshadowed by the archaeological record: the biological, neurological, and genetic changes that occurred with each 'transition' in the evolutionary narrative.

Researchers discover key to long-lasting malaria immunity and potential vaccine targets
Houston Methodist researchers have discovered a set of immune proteins that facilitate long-lasting immunity against malaria.

Life took hold on land 300 million years earlier than thought
Life took hold on land at least as early as 3.2 billion years ago, suggests a study by scientists from Berlin, Potsdam and Jena (Germany).

Pancreatic cancer set to become third biggest cancer killer in EU next year
Pancreatic cancer mortality rates are increasing in many countries across the EU and it is estimated that 91,500 deaths will occur from the disease next year, compared with 91,000 from breast cancer.

Blood vessels control brain growth
Blood vessels play a vital role in stem cell reproduction, enabling the brain to grow and develop in the womb, reveals new UCL research in mice.

Unlocking big genetic datasets
In a study to be published Monday, Nov. 7 in Nature Genetics, researchers at Columbia and Princeton universities describe a new machine-learning algorithm for scanning massive genetic data sets to infer an individual's ancestral makeup, which is key to identifying disease-carrying genetic mutations.

Across the lifespan: Emerging targets to treat mental illness
Dr. Jill Goldstein of Harvard University and Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dr.

Antibody protects against fetal disease in mouse model of Zika infection
Administering a human antibody that neutralizes Zika virus to pregnant mice before or after Zika virus infection reduced levels of the virus in placental and fetal tissues and decreased fetal disease, new findings show.

Food is hard to forget
A SISSA research study published in a special issue of Brain and Cognition analyzes the lexical-semantic deficits of the food category in patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's.

CyLab researchers create network traffic visualization tool to help thwart cyber attacks
Carnegie Mellon CyLab researchers Yang Cai and Sebastian Peryt have created a tool that allows one to visualize network traffic to more easily identify key changes and patterns.

Illegal ivory almost all from recent killing, study finds
Researchers analyzing African elephant tusks seized by global law enforcement have confirmed what many suspect: the illegal ivory trade, now running in high gear, is being fueled almost exclusively by recently killed animals.

Tick-tock: Immune T cells know when their time's up
An Australian research team has revealed that two internal 'clocks' control the immune cells enlisted to fight infection.

Do second opinions matter in prostate cancer care?
A new analysis indicates that many men with prostate cancer obtain second opinions from urologists before starting treatment, but surprisingly, second opinions are not associated with changes in treatment choice or improvements in perceived quality of prostate cancer care.

Increasing cost of natural hazards as climate changes
A new comprehensive study of Australian natural hazards paints a picture of increasing heatwaves and extreme bushfires as this century progresses, but with much more uncertainty about the future of storms and rainfall.

How important is the gut microbiome? It may depend on your genetics
Joslin Diabetes Center investigators are shedding light on how the success of microbiome treatments may be affected by genetics of the individual or animal being treated.

Cardiovascular imaging congress brings advanced techniques to the bedside
EuroEcho-Imaging 2016 brings advanced techniques to the bedside with international experts set to discuss the use of holograms and 3D printing to guide interventions.

Researchers discover way to inhibit major cancer gene
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a new way to block the action of genetic mutations found in nearly 30 percent of all cancers. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to