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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | November 10, 2016


A study warns of Spanish children's overexposure to 'junk food' ads on TV
Spanish children are overexposed to TV ads of unhealthy food (burgers, pizzas, soft drinks, chocolate, bakery, etc.) both in generalist and children-oriented channels, a situation that could be described as 'worrying' and which promotes childhood obesity.
International engineering team develop self-powered mobile polymers
n international group involving Inha University, University of Pittsburgh and the Air Force Research Laboratory has built upon their previous research and identified new materials that directly convert ultraviolet light into motion without the need for electronics or other traditional methods.
Tests show BioEYES increases science understanding and positive attitudes
A first-of-its-kind study on almost 20,000 K-12 underrepresented public school students shows that Project BioEYES, based at Carnegie's Department of Embryology, is effective at increasing students' science knowledge and positive attitudes about science.
NASA sees heavy rain in Tropical Depression Ma-on
Tropical Depression Ma-on formed on Nov. 10, 2016, northeast of Guam.
The peculiarities of the huge equatorial jet stream in Saturn's atmosphere are revealed
The Planetary Sciences Group of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has obtained new, valuable information about the structure of Saturno's huge equatorial jet stream, after getting observation time of the Hubble Space Telescope.
DNA-based Zika vaccine showed protection from infection, brain damage and death
In this preclinical study, 100 percent of the animal models were protected from Zika after vaccination followed by a challenge with the Zika virus.
Predators can drive increase in virus populations, new study shows
In what scientists say could be a potential 'game-changer' in the study of virology, a new study shows that a predator's consumption of prey can catalyze the natural rise and fall of chlorovirus populations.
TGen's Dr. Von Hoff is named a 'Giant of Cancer Care'
Dr. Daniel Von Hoff, Physician-In-Chief and Distinguished Professor at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), has been selected as a 2016 Giant of Cancer Care.
Veterans served by nation's community health centers increased by 43 percent
The number of veterans served by community health centers has increased dramatically from 214,000 to more than 305,000, a 43 percent increase in less than 10 years, according to an infographic produced by researchers at the Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative, which is based at the George Washington University's Milken Institute School of Public Health (Milken Institute SPH).
Woodland destruction by beetles is facilitated by their unique genetics
The feeding habits responsible for the ecological success of the Asian long-horned beetle have been pinned down to their unique genes, according to new research published by the open-access journal Genome Biology.
Splash-free urinals? Scientists investigate new 'splash avoidance' technique
When a drop of liquid hits a surface at a sufficiently high speed, it splashes -- that much isn't in doubt.
Making the most of clean energy
Recent years have witnessed the rise of an economic revolution -- the so-called sharing economy -- across many facets of business.
Environmental policy center to convene Great Lakes mayors
The Freshwater Lab, a University of Illinois at Chicago-based environmental research and policy center, has been awarded two grants to support its work examining social and human issues related to water, energy and natural resources in the Great Lakes region.
Rotting away: Getting at the evolutionary roots of wood decay
Fungi are master decayers of dead plant matter, including wood.
Molecular structure in Zika virus leads to potentially disease-causing RNAs
Researchers, led by scientists at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, have found basic molecular processes used by the Zika virus to 'hijack' the cells that it infects and potentially how it makes molecules that are directly linked to disease.
Student well-being is greater in classrooms with higher emotional intelligence
The UPV/EHU's Qualiker research group has proposed a combination of variables never proposed before to study the psychological well-being of adolescent students.
Scientists have 'scared away' microparticles with laser light
Olga Vinogradova, Professor at the Faculty of Physics, the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Director of laboratory at the Frumkin Institute of Physical chemistry and Electrochemistry (the Russian Academy of Sciences), together with Salim Maduar, a junior researcher of her group, being a part of an international scientific team, have suggested a new method of manipulation of microparticles at solid-liquid interface in water.
How ACOs are trying to improve patients' health by addressing nonmedical needs
In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice and the School of Public Health at UC Berkeley investigated whether new value-based payment models have spurred providers to address patients' nonmedical needs, such as housing, transportation and food insecurity.
Multi-drug resistant infection spreading globally among cystic fibrosis patients
A multi-drug resistant infection that can cause life-threatening illness in people with cystic fibrosis and can spread from patient to patient has spread globally and is becoming increasingly virulent, according to new research published today in the journal Science.
Safe fog
Safety combined with power and effectiveness is one of the most important targets in the development of pyrotechnic obscurants.
Scientists reveal how a common virus triggers blood cancer
Scientists reveal how a common virus triggers blood cancer.
Is vitamin D level in blood at breast cancer diagnosis associated with survival?
A new report published online by JAMA Oncology examined whether levels of a blood biomarker of Vitamin D - 25-hydroxyvitamin D (250HD) - at the time of breast cancer diagnosis were associated with survival.
Sex-related differences in brain may influence substance abuse in adolescents with bipolar disorder
A new study has found that adolescents suffering from bipolar disorder are more likely to develop substance use disorders if they have lower gray matter volume in the brain, a clue that can help in the design of better methods for early detection and more targeted prevention and treatment.
Production of seedless fruits an underestimated tool for improving food security
The opportunity to produce bountiful levels of vital food crops such as apples, tomatoes and watermelons could be boosted by reducing a crop's demand for pollinators, new research has shown.
World-leading HPC centers partner to form accelerated computing institute
Leaders in hybrid accelerated high-performance computing in the United States, Japan, and Switzerland have signed a memorandum of understanding establishing an international institute dedicated to common goals, the sharing of HPC expertise, and forward-thinking evaluation of computing architecture.
Dinosaurs' rise was 'more gradual,' new fossil evidence suggests
Researchers have discovered two small dinosaurs together with a lagerpetid, a group of animals that are recognized as precursors of dinosaurs.
Testing stem cells as possible treatment for heart failure
Stem cells are being tested at the Medical University of South Carolina as a possible treatment for heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction, or HFpEF.
Thawing ice makes the Alps grow
The Alps are steadily 'growing' by one to two millimeters per year.
New technique could increase success of infertility treatment
In a study to be published Thursday, Nov. 10 in the journal Cell Stem Cell, researchers discovered it's possible to regenerate human eggs or oocytes -- the cellular beginning of an embryo -- by making use of genetic material that normally goes to waste.
Study uncovers link between constipation and kidney disease
Individuals with constipation had a 13 percent higher likelihood of developing chronic kidney disease and a 9 percent higher likelihood of developing kidney failure compared with individuals without constipation.
Smokers far more likely to develop abdominal aortic aneurysms
Smokers are nearly twice as likely to develop an abdominal aortic aneurysm as the general population.
Breakthrough in the quantum transfer of information between matter and light
From stationary to flying qubits at speeds never reached before...This feat, achieved by a team from Polytechnique Montréal and France's Centre national de la recherche scientifique, brings us a little closer to the era when information is transmitted via quantum principles.
International team of researchers put single molecules in super-fridge
Findings could help to trigger new applications of drugs for diagnostics and develop new materials.
Deep dive into NMDA receptor variation and link to epilepsy, ID
A analysis of Exome Aggregation Consortium data to explore the link between normal variation in NMDA receptor genes (GRIN2A, GRIN2B) and regions that harbor disease-causing mutations.
Study links optimal asthma control with reduced health-care costs
In a study of 736 asthma patients in Singapore, good asthma control resulted in a saving of S$65 (US$48) per physician visit.
IUPUI maps genome of black blow fly; may benefit human health, advance pest management
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis researchers have sequenced genome of black blow flies, insects that have environmental, medical and forensic uses, functioning as nature's recyclers, as wound cleansers and as forensic timekeepers.
Scientists create heart cells better, faster, stronger
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes identified two chemicals that improve their ability to transform scar tissue in a heart into healthy, beating heart muscle.
With a little help from my friend
Support from family and friends significantly reduces stress in wild chimpanzees -- during conflicts with rival groups and during everyday affiliation.
A new behavioural variant in wild chimpanzees: Algae fishing in Bakoun, Guinea
Max Planck researchers found chimpanzees routinely fish for algae during the dry season in Bakoun, Guinea, using long and robust sticks as a tool.
Two ORNL researchers elected fellows of American Nuclear Society
Two researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been elected fellows of the American Nuclear Society.
Catching a tumor in a spider's web
After a decade of research, the Belgian Switch Laboratory (VIB/KU Leuven) has revealed a new designer molecule that inhibits a well-validated cancer driver through the mechanism of amyloid formation.
Seroprevalence and disease burden of chagas disease in south Texas
A paper published in PLOS Neglected Diseases led by researchers at the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine suggests that the disease burden in southern Texas is much higher than previously thought.
Insect vector feeding recognized by machine learning
Scientists have used machine learning algorithms to teach computers to recognize the insect feeding patterns involved in pathogen transmission.
Higher vitamin D levels associated with better outcomes in breast cancer survivors
Women with higher vitamin D levels in their blood following a breast cancer diagnosis had significantly better long-term outcomes, according to new research from Kaiser Permanente and Roswell Park Cancer Institute.
The self-driving microscope
Researchers develop a combination of software and hardware for adaptive live imaging of large living organisms.
Stable quantum bits can be made from complex molecules
Quantum computing is about to get more complex. Researchers have evidence that large molecules made of nickel and chromium can store and process information in the same way bytes do for digital computers.
Evaluating safety, effects of vaginal testosterone cream, estradiol vaginal ring
While aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are a preferred therapy for postmenopausal women who have hormone receptor-positive early-stage breast cancer, the vaginal dryness and decreased sex drive that may result can lead to poor medical compliance and decreased quality of life
UCR researchers discover new method to dissipate heat in electronic devices
For the first time, an international team of scientists led by a researcher at the University of California, Riverside has modified the energy spectrum of acoustic phonons-- elemental excitations, also referred to as quasi-particles, that spread heat through crystalline materials like a wave--by confining them to nanometer-scale semiconductor structures.
Arthritis drug boosts effectiveness of antidepressant medication, Loyola study finds
Giving severely depressed patients the arthritis drug celecoxib (Celebrex®) dramatically boosted the effectiveness of their antidepressant medication, a Loyola study has found.
How bacteria make it rain (video)
The oceans are covered with a thin film of organic matter and bacteria, many of which launch out of the water and go airborne.
Your birth year predicts your odds if flu pandemic were to strike
We are not blank slates with regard to how susceptible we are to emerging strains of influenza virus, researchers from the University of Arizona and the University of California have discovered.
Sensor for blood flow discovered in blood vessels
The PIEZO1 cation channel translates mechanical stimulus into a molecular response to control the diameter of blood vessels.
International consortium receives $36.9 million grant to fight typhoid
Typhoid fever remains a serious global problem: it kills almost a quarter of a million people annually.
N.C. children in rural counties, high poverty schools face obesity risk
North Carolina children who live in rural counties or attend higher poverty schools are more likely to be obese, a newly published study finds.
Precaution and governance of emerging technologies
Precautionary approaches to governance of emerging technology, which call for constraints on the use of technology whose potential harms and other outcomes are highly uncertain, are often criticized for reflecting 'risk panics,' but precaution can be consistent with support for science, concludes an article in the journal Science.
Researchers' Sudoku strategy democratizes powerful tool for genetics research
Researchers at Princeton and Harvard Universities have developed a way to produce the tools for figuring out gene function faster and cheaper than current methods.
Zebrafish spark imagination for science careers in cash-strapped public schools
A five-year evaluation involving nearly 20,000 kindergarten through 12th grade under-resourced public school students shows that taking part in Project BioEYES increases students' science knowledge and positive attitudes about science.
HIV test performed on USB stick
The device, created by scientists at Imperial College London and DNA Electronics, uses a drop of blood to detect HIV, and then creates an electrical signal that can be read by a computer, laptop or handheld device.
Study to explore detection of learning disabilities through physical movement
An Indiana University physicist and neuroscientist who studies how physical movement can be used to detect autism in children and adults has received support from the National Science Foundation.
iPad game effective in treating common eye condition in children
A special type of iPad game was effective in treating children with amblyopia (lazy eye) and was more effective than the standard treatment of patching, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.
Fatty liver disease contributes to cardiovascular disease and vice versa
For the first time, researchers have shown that a bi-directional relationship exists between fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease.
Male athletes more likely to choke under pressure -- Ben-Gurion U. study
'Our research showed that men consistently choke under competitive pressure, but with regard to women the results are mixed,' says Dr.
UM researchers document ancient and methane-derived carbon in stoneflies
New research by scientists at the University of Montana's Flathead Lake Biological Station has documented the first example of freshwater consumers using ancient methane-derived carbon and the most extensive example of a methane-derived carbon contribution to a river ecosystem.
First random laser made of paper-based ceramics
Working with physicists from the University of Rome, a team led by Professor Cordt Zollfrank from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) built the first controllable random laser based on cellulose paper in Straubing.
The kids are alright: Youth are civically engaged, despite income inequality
Income inequality is linked with greater civic engagement among youth, particularly among youth of color and those of lower socioeconomic status, finds a study by NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
Die another day: How the immune system keeps 'traitor cells' in lockdown
Australian researchers have uncovered how our immune system strikes a balance between attacking invaders and leaving our own tissues alone -- and, in the process, have solved a 50-year mystery surrounding the role of an enigmatic antibody.
Stanford solar physicist finds new way to study the inner workings of the sun
Neutrinos from the sun carry information about its fiery core but they are extremely hard to detect.
Artificial-intelligence system surfs web to improve its performance
Last week, at the Association for Computational Linguistics' Conference on Empirical Methods on Natural Language Processing, researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory won a best-paper award for a new approach to information extraction that turns conventional machine learning on its head.
Molecular signature for aggressive brain tumor uncovered
Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital, in collaboration with colleagues at Massachusetts General Hospital, have identified genetic mutations that can distinguish aggressive rhabdoid meningiomas from more benign forms using routine laboratory tests.
Smartphones offer promise in better gauging rural life, researchers find
The use of smartphones enhances self-reporting of weather incidents, school attendance, illness, and other aspects of daily life in rural areas, a team of researchers has found.
Study of international cystic fibrosis centers highlights spread of aggressive bacteria
A bacterium damaging to the lungs and once thought to be acquired from the environment is actually spread -- at least in cystic fibrosis clinics -- through human transmission, a new study reveals.
Climate, human influence conspired in Lake Urmia's decline
A combination of climate change and water usage are responsible for the staggering drying of Lake Urmia, what was once the second largest salt lake in the world.
The Super-Kamiokande detector awaits neutrinos from a supernova
Only three or four supernovas happen in our galaxy every century.
Red squirrels in the British Isles are infected with leprosy bacteria
Microbiologists at EPFL and the University of Edinburgh have discovered that red squirrels in Britain and Ireland carry the two bacterial species that cause leprosy in humans.
ASHG Webinar Series: Genetic Testing in Children and Adolescents
This series of three free webinars, intended for primary care providers and specialists who treat children and adolescents, will help fill clinical gaps by teaching best practices in genetic testing.
Exotic property of salty solutions discovered
Water and aqueous solutions can behave strangely under pressure. Experiments carried out at the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences showed that magnesium sulfate dissolved in water was separated less than expected in magnesium and sulfate ions above a pressure of 0.2 Gigapascal.
Probiotics improve cognition in Alzheimer's patients
In a randomized double-blind trial, scientists show for the first time that dietary supplementation with daily dose of probiotic bacteria over a period of just 12 weeks is sufficient to yield a small but significant improvement in the cognitive performance of Alzheimer's patients.
'Exceptional' nanosensor architecture based on exceptional points
Researchers from the University of California San Diego have developed a novel design for a compact, ultra-sensitive nanosensor that can be used to make portable health-monitoring devices and to detect minute quantities of toxins and explosives for security applications.
New eye pressure test could prevent vision loss in older adults
By age 75, approximately half of all Americans will develop cloudy vision caused by cataracts, according to the National Eye Institute.
Johns Hopkins researcher advance treatment of tuberculosis by targeting new enzyme
Researchers at Johns Hopkins report they have laid the foundation to develop novel antibiotics that work against incurable, antibiotic-resistant bacteria like tuberculosis by targeting an enzyme essential to the production and integrity of bacterial cell walls.
Nature already dramatically impacted by climate change, study reveals
Global climate change has already impacted every aspect of life on Earth, from genes to entire ecosystems, according to a new University of Florida study.
Water, water -- the two types of liquid water
There are two types of liquid water, according to research carried out by an international scientific collaboration.
RIT professor images David Livingstone diaries, gives talks in UK
Multispectral imaging technology continues to recover new insights from the field diaries of 19th-century explorer David Livingstone.
$384,961.42 for a house? When precise bids work and when they backfire
Making a very precise offer for a car or a house may hurt your chances of success if you're negotiating with someone who has expertise in that area, according to research published in Psychological Science.
Neanderthal inheritance helped humans adapt to life outside of Africa
As the ancestors of modern humans made their way out of Africa to other parts of the world many thousands of years ago, they met up and in some cases had children with other forms of humans, including the Neanderthals and Denisovans.
Birth year dictates immunity to different flu strains
The year an individual was born plays an important role in determining his or her susceptibility to a given strain of influenza, a new study reveals.
Human leprosy found in British red squirrels
Scientists have discovered human leprosy in British red squirrels, uncovering one leprosy-driving bacterial strain, in particular, that is similar to that responsible for outbreaks of the disease in medieval Europe.
Brain scans could help predict response to psychotherapy for anxiety and depression
Brain imaging scans may one day provide useful information on the response to psychotherapy in patients with depression or anxiety, according to a review of current research in the November/December issue of the Harvard Review of Psychiatry, published by Wolters Kluwer.
Researchers at CHLA receive grant to study new way of battling resistant
Yong-Mi Kim, MD, PhD, of The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles, has been awarded a 3 year translational research program grant from the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society to study a novel approach to eradicating minimal residual disease in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Climate change ripples through life on Earth
Climate change is affecting most life on Earth, despite an average global temperature increase of just 1 degree C, say leading international scientists in a study published today in Science.
American Society of Hematology announces top trainee abstracts of 2016 ASH Annual Meeting
The American Society of Hematology (ASH) is pleased to recognize the following trainees with the highest-scoring abstracts in the categories of undergraduate student, medical student, graduate student, resident physician, and postdoctoral fellow at the 58th ASH Annual Meeting Dec.
Self-healing materials for semi-dry conditions
Self-healing materials work very well if they are soft and wet, but research groups have found that the ability to self-repair diminishes as materials dry out.
Hunt for Huntington's cause yields clues
Rice University scientists have uncovered new details about how a repeating sequence in a mutant protein may trigger Huntington's and other neurological diseases.
Preservation of monuments: Pinpointed repair reduces costs
The Waldbahn railway is a most beautiful railway and listed as a monument.
Study: UChicago's CommunityRx intervention helps patients find community resources
New research from the University of Chicago Medicine shows a program that uses electronic medical records to connect Chicagoans with health resources in their community could be a model for other efforts nationally.
The Exascale Computing Project awards $34 million for software development
The Department of Energy's Exascale Computing Project (ECP) today announced the selection of 35 software development proposals representing 25 research and academic organizations.
Louisiana Tech University research series welcomes precision medicine, health-care expert
Tim Cooley, former executive vice president of operations for molecular health and former director for health outcomes and economics at Eli Lilly, will visit Louisiana Tech University on Nov.
Sponge on a string test could replace endoscopies
Cancer Research UK-funded scientists have discovered that a 'sponge on a string' pill test can identify which people with a condition called Barrett's esophagus have a low risk of developing esophageal cancer -- sparing them uncomfortable endoscopies.
Rats are ticklish when their mood is right
Researchers studying rats have identified neurons in the brain tied to ticklishness and laughter, and they were able to elicit a chuckle from the furry creatures by stimulating those same neurons in additional experiments.
Cannabinoids induce memory loss through the decrease in energy of the neurons
A new piece of research, which has been published in the online version of the journal Nature, has now gone a step further on discovering that the amnesia caused by cannabinoids needs the activation of the CB1 cannabinoid receptors located in the mitochondria of the hippocampus, the brain structure involved in memory formation.
When fish come to school, kids get hooked on science
A program that brings live fish into classrooms to teach the fundamentals of biology not only helps students learn, but improves their excitement about and interest in science.
On the job: Is it better to fit in or stand out?
Is it better to fit in or stand out at work?
Study: Climate change already dramatically disrupting all elements of nature
Global changes in temperature due to human-induced climate change have already impacted every aspect of life on Earth from genes to entire ecosystems, with increasingly unpredictable consequences for humans -- according to a new study published in the journal Science.
World's smallest magnifying glass makes it possible to see chemical bonds between atoms
Using the strange properties of tiny particles of gold, researchers have concentrated light down smaller than a single atom, letting them look at individual chemical bonds inside molecules, and opening up new ways to study light and matter.
Antimalarial being tested as possible Ebola virus drug
The National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) recently awarded $596,533.00 to Collaborations Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Repeatedly thinking about work-family conflict linked to health problems
Thinking over and over again about conflicts between your job and personal life is likely to damage both your mental and physical health.
Researchers use fruit flies to understand how body responds to harmful, cold stimuli
The tiny fruit fly can help humans investigate the genetic and neural bases of detecting painful or harmful cold stimuli and offer intriguing, potential implications for human health, according to a new study.
Criteria for funding and promotion lead to bad science
Scientists are trained to carefully assess theories by designing good experiments and building on existing knowledge.
Cone or flask? The shape that detects confinement
Confinement of particles is such an important phenomenon that the Clay Mathematics Institute has pledged a million-dollar award to anyone who can give a convincing and exhaustive scientific explanation from a mathematical point of view.
Patients eager to test device that could ease heart failure symptoms
Researchers are testing a heart failure treatment device at the Medical University of South Carolina.
Cosmic whistle packs a surprisingly energetic punch
For the first time, astronomers have discovered that mysterious 'cosmic whistles' known as fast radio bursts have a billion times more explosive power than previously known.
Childhood infections provide lifelong protection against flu viruses from animals
People gain lifelong, partial protection against novel influenza viruses that are genetically similar to the influenza viruses they first encountered during childhood, life scientists from UCLA and the University of Arizona report in the journal Science.
Getting doctors and nurses to work together at patient bedsides
The structure of health care systems helps determine how doctors and nurses collaborate during hospital rounds, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.
Huperzine A provides seizure protection in genetic epilepsy models
The compound huperzine A can increase resistance to induced seizures in mouse models of genetic epilepsy, Emory scientists have found.
Researchers use novel analysis technique to help solve Beagle 2 mystery
Study finds Mars lander deployed at least three or all four of its solar panels.
The Lancet: Global progress on reducing child deaths largely due to fewer cases of pneumonia, diarrhoea, death during birth, malaria and measles
Estimates for 2015 suggest that 5.9 million children worldwide died before reaching the age of five, including 2.7 million newborns.
Study Offers New Insight on Hurricane Intensification
In a new study, researchers from the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science showed the first direct observations of hurricane winds warming the ocean surface beneath them due to the interactions with currents from an underlying warm-water whirlpool.
Zika virus can cause severe damage to retina in infants
In a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology, Rubens Belfort Jr., M.D., Ph.D., of the Federal University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and colleagues examined the affected retinal layers in infants with congenital Zika syndrome and associated retinal abnormalities using optical coherence tomography.
Scientists come up with light-driven motors to power nanorobots of the future
Scientists from MIPT and partner institutes have proposed a model nanosized dipole photomotor based on the phenomenon of light-induced charge redistribution.
American Indian engineers present inaugural award to Sandia diversity specialist
Marie Capitan, a diversity workforce specialist at Sandia National Laboratories, is one of five professionals honored this weekend at the 2016 AISES National Conference in Minneapolis.
Animal study registries: Understanding the pros and cons
A controversial topic is whether registries that list all ongoing and past animal studies should be established.
Plant-species hotspot maps identify priority conservation areas of tropical Africa
New research led by the University of Oxford has created plant-species hotspot maps for tropical Africa, making use of 3.1 million global distribution records of more than 40,000 African plant species to map the areas that are home to the world's rarest plants.
Simulations show swirling rings, whirlpool-like structure in subatomic 'soup'
Powerful supercomputer simulations of high-energy collisions of atomic cores provide new insights about the complex structure of a superhot fluid called the quark-gluon plasma.
Moffitt researchers predict melanoma responses through mathematical modeling
Preclinical studies are limited by time constraints and cell model systems that do not portray all of the genetic variability that is seen in different tumors and patients.
Penn-led team receives DARPA support to develop 'next generation' social science
A scientific team led by the University of Pennsylvania has received an award from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to develop and validate reproducible methods for studying human social behavior.
Researchers discover new material to improve de-icing
Icy conditions can be deadly, whether you're flying into bad weather or too close to power transmission lines during a storm.
Dinosaur discovery casts light on final flurry of animals' evolution
A newly discovered species of winged dinosaur is giving scientists valuable clues about a burst of evolution just before the mass extinction event.
Drug resistance mutations also enhance growth in malaria parasite
Some mutations that enable drug resistance in the malaria-causing parasite Plasmodium falciparum may also help it grow, according to a new study published in PLOS Pathogens.
Higher iron levels are associated with an increased risk of gestational diabetes in pregnant women, raising questions about iron supplementation recommendations
New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) shows that high levels of iron biomarkers in the body are associated with an increased risk of gestational diabetes (GDM) in pregnant women, raising questions about routine recommendations on iron supplementation in pregnancy.
Red squirrels stricken by medieval strain of leprosy, study shows
Leprosy in Britain's red squirrels is being caused by the same species of bacteria responsible for human infections, a DNA study has found.
Ready for launch: CU Boulder instrument suite to assess space weather
A multimillion dollar University of Colorado Boulder instrument package expected to help scientists better understand potentially damaging space weather is now slated to launch aboard a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration satellite on Saturday, Nov.
Two paths at once: Watching the buildup of quantum superpositions
In the double slit experiment, a particle travels on two different paths at the same time.
Possible reason for carcinogenicity of silica dust found
MIPT's scientists partnered with their colleagues from Skoltech in a study that suggests a possible explanation of the toxicity and carcinogenicity , or the 'cancer-causing' properties of silica dust (silicon oxide particles).
Australian continent shifts with the seasons, study finds
Australia shifts and tilts back and forth by several millimeters each year because of changes to the Earth's center of mass, according to a new study.
Mirroring a drop in emissions, mercury in tuna also declines
For years, public health experts have warned against eating certain kinds of fish, including tuna, that tend to accumulate mercury.
A funnel on mars could be a place to look for life
A strangely shaped depression on Mars could be a new place to look for signs of life on the Red Planet, according to a University of Texas at Austin-led study.
Study demonstrates potential support for ban on microbeads in cosmetics
Public awareness regarding the presence of microbeads within personal care products is lacking in some areas but there is strong support for their inclusion being banned, according to new research led by the University of Plymouth.
Plant-species hotspot maps identify priority conservation areas of tropical Africa
A research team led by the University of Oxford, and including Jan Wieringa of Naturalis Biodiversity Center, has mapped areas in tropical Africa containing relatively many rare plant species.
Characteristics of cloud-to-ground and intracloud lightning in Beijing metropolitan region
Due to the technological limitations of detecting IC lightning, previous statistical analyses of lightning characteristics usually use only the CG lightning data, though the IC lightning generally occurs more frequently than CG lightning.
Hazardous chemicals discovered in flavored e-cigarette vapor
New research published this week reports that the aerosols produced by flavored e-cigarettes liquids contain dangerous levels of hazardous chemicals known to cause cancer in humans.

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