Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 11, 2016
Antibody drug conjugates have shown clinical efficacy with acceptable toxicity
Antibody drug conjugates have shown a clearly documented efficacy and acceptable toxicity and can be easily implemented in oncology departments where chemotherapy administration is a routine practice.

Study examines effectiveness of probation program
Within the criminal justice community, an approach to community supervision known as Honest Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) has generated widespread enthusiasm and praise as a way to reduce substance use, violations, new arrests, and revocations to prison, while also leading to significant cost savings for local justice systems.

Ventilator-associated pneumonia rates remain stable, substantial
In a study published online by JAMA, Mark L. Metersky, M.D., of the UConn School of Medicine, Farmington, and colleagues analyzed trends in Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System ventilator-associated pneumonia rates from 2005 through 2013.

GUMC selects global health champion Roger I. Glass as recipient of highest award
Georgetown University Medical Center will honor Roger I. Glass, MD, PhD, with the 2016 Cura Personalis Award at its Ninth Annual GUMC Convocation on Thursday, Nov.

Fun, comfort with exercise helps young people with conditions like autism and ADHD remain active
The best way to help young people with neurodevelopmental disorders like autism and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder get more exercise is to make it fun, according to a small international sampling of adults living with them.

New findings show promise for treatment of Graves' disease and other ocular disorders
A new class of therapies may be on the horizon for thyroid eye disease (TED) and other destructive scarring conditions.

Crowd workers help robot keep conversation fresh
People can find a hundred ways to say the same thing, which poses a challenge to robots that are expected to keep up their end of conversations.

Access to asthma meds, plus flu vaccines, keep kids with asthma healthy
Kids need flu shots to prevent asthma flares, and medications available in school to keep 86 percent in class, according to two studies being presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting.

Odds of having asthma 53 percent higher in food deserts
A new study shows living in a food desert means you're at increased risk to have asthma.

Pest control: Wicked weeds may be agricultural angels
Farmers looking to reduce reliance on pesticides, herbicides and other pest management tools may want to heed the advice of Cornell agricultural scientists: Let nature be nature -- to a degree.

Plant's POEM: 'No need to fertilize, for increase in seed size'
Plant biologists at ITbM, Nagoya University, have made a key discovery that the contents in pollen tubes alone can increase the size of seeds, without the need for fertilization.

New findings about the honey bee infecting deformed wing virus
Researchers from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna have succeeded for the first time in simulating the course of disease using artificial genetic material of the deformed wing virus.

Children with feeding tubes benefit most from multidisciplinary care
A new study finds positive outcomes associated with intensive multidisciplinary treatment for children with pediatric feeding disorder who may require a feeding tube to support growth and development.

Skipping breakfast and not enough sleep can make children overweight
Mothers smoking in pregnancy, children skipping breakfast and not having a regular bedtime or sufficient sleep all appear to be important factors in predicting whether a child will become overweight or obese.

CRF to launch new journal focusing on structural heart disease
The Cardiovascular Research Foundation announced that it will launch a new international journal focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of structural heart disease and the importance of the heart team in managing these disorders.

Pesticide exposures can cause changes in oral microbiome
Pesticide exposure in farmworkers from agricultural communities is associated with changes in the oral microbiome.

Before a cure, a crusade to stop lung cancer from spreading
Researchers from the University of Notre Dame are focused on better understanding lung cancer at a cellular level and investigating drugs that could inhibit lung cancer growth and prevent it from spreading.

Research finds new approach for quantifying nitrate discharge from groundwater to streams
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new way to determine the rate at which nitrate pollution will make its way from groundwater into streams.

Many doctors still don't know facts about penicillin allergy
Many physicians whose patients have 'penicillin allergy' in their charts don't know that a penicillin allergy diagnosis is frequently given to a child as the result of a rash, but without any follow up testing.

Skin bacteria could protect against disease
There are more and more examples of the ways in which we can benefit from our bacteria.

America's top reporters on aging chosen for fellowship program
The Gerontological Society of America and New America Media have selected 16 distinguished reporters for the next cohort of the Journalists in Aging Fellows Program, now in its seventh year.

Traumatic stress changes brains of boys, girls differently, Stanford study finds
Traumatic stress affects the brains of adolescent boys and girls differently, according to a new brain-scanning study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging to predict the salt content of Iberian ham
The University of Extremadura have developed a non-destructive, innocuous method using magnetic resonance, computer vision and statistical calculus that enables one to quantify the salt content of Iberian ham, and classify it according to the degree of penetration of the salt in the muscle.

Pneumonia rates linked to hospital ventilators have not dropped
Contrary to data published by the Centers for Disease Control, ventilator-associated pneumonia rates in hospital intensive care units have not declined significantly since 2005, according to a new study out of the University of Connecticut School of Medicine.

Energy storage system of tomorrow tested for the first time in Lake Constance
How can the enormous amounts of electricity generated through offshore wind power be temporarily stored on site?

A new type of convection is proven in granular gases
A new type of convection has been found that appears in a granular fluid and had hitherto not been detected in traditional fluids.

Researcher to examine if brain training helps combat memory loss in heart failure patients
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a $2.5 million grant to an IU School of Nursing researcher for a study that will examine whether computerized cognitive training exercises can improve memory and quality of life for heart failure patients.

Genomic tools to combat the spread of the invasive Asian longhorned beetle
The Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, also known as the starry sky beetle, is native to eastern Asia but has successfully invaded North America and Europe where it infests maple, birch, willow, elm, and poplar trees.

Immune cells may facilitate tumor growth by forming primitive vascular channels
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute suggests there may be a way to limit tumor growth by targeting immune system cells called macrophages.

Protozoan parasite increases risk of colitis, study reveals
Researchers from the University of Toronto have discovered that mice infected with the common gut parasite Tritrichomonas muris are at an increased risk of developing inflammatory colitis.

College students with food allergies find big challenges in staying safe
A study being presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting found most colleges don't have integrated systems in place to support food-allergic students.

School staff know more than they think they do about treating anaphylaxis
A study being presented at the ACAAI Annual Scientific Meeting found only 18 percent of non-nurse school staff surveyed felt very confident in their ability to recognize anaphylaxis symptoms, but many actually knew what to do.

Exclusive: Biotechnology leaders surveyed about impact of Trump presidency
The day following the election of Donald J. Trump as President, a survey of leaders in biotechnology in the United States, conducted by Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News showed that Trump's presidency will negatively impact NIH research funding as well as STEM education; a plurality said it will also spark a 'brain drain' as foreign-born researchers educated in American universities will be more likely to leave.

Exascale Computing Project announces $48 million to establish Exascale co-design centers
The Department of Energy's Exascale Computing Project today announced that it has selected four co-design centers as part of a four-year, $48 million funding award.

Scientists develop tissue-engineered model of human lung and trachea
Scientists at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have developed a tissue-engineered model of lung and trachea which contains the diverse cell types present in the human respiratory tract.

Development of a wearable medical device for type 2 diabetes
Although effective for the treatment of diabetes, exercise is sometimes difficult for overweight or elderly people.

The effect of exercise on vascular function and stiffness in type 2 diabetes
A new study from the University of Sydney has found that regular aerobic exercise can improve artery health in people with type 2 diabetes.

Anesthesia changes neuronal choreography
Even under deep anesthesia, nerve cells remain highly active. A study conducted by researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin has shown by high-resolution cellular imaging that local neuronal networks remain active even when the brain is unconscious.

Even physicists are 'afraid' of mathematics
Physicists avoid highly mathematical work despite being trained in advanced mathematics, new research suggests.

Teens with asthma almost twice as likely to smoke as their healthy counterparts
A study presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting found adolescents with asthma were twice as likely to smoke as kids without asthma.

Surgery for back pain reduces problems with sex life-related pain
For patients with degenerative spinal disease, surgery is more effective in reducing pain that interferes with sexual activity, compared to nonsurgical treatment, reports a study in the Nov.

Nova Southeastern University scientists study disease that impacts thousands of Gulf War veterans
Researchers at Nova Southeastern University are conducting multiple studies to learn more about and ultimately help veterans facing GWI.

Penn State signs new Master Research contract with Lockheed Martin
Penn State and Lockheed Martin have signed a Master Research contract, establishing an agreement that includes research collaboration, an enhanced recruiting relationship and increased engagement in Penn State programs.

Which chemicals are hazardous to reproduction?
Regulatory authorities around the world can in future instruct manufacturers of chemicals and drugs to check their products for harmful effects on reproduction by means of a new test with molluscs.

What does it take to make a memory? Study says new proteins
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have for the first time identified a sub-region in the brain that works to form a particular kind of memory: fear-associated with a specific environmental cue or

New discovery paves way for pancreatic cancer treatment
November is Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month. With the discovery that most pancreatic cancer cases are resistant to chemotherapy, researchers at the University of Notre Dame are looking for better ways to treat patients.

Smartphone app for early autism detection being developed by UB undergrad
Early detection of autism can dramatically improve the benefits of treatment, but often the disability is not suspected until a child enters school.

Pneumonitis from ingesting fuel: Doctors treating refugees notice severe illness
People fleeing across the Mediterranean by boat face many dangers.

Pain sensors specialized for specific sensations
Many pain-sensing nerves in the body are thought to respond to all types of 'painful events', but new UCL research in mice reveals that in fact most are specialized to respond to specific types such as heat, cold or mechanical pain.

When and how to introduce peanut-containing foods to reduce allergy risk
Presentations at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting will offer guidance, based on soon to be released guidelines, on how to introduce peanut-containing foods to infants.

Keeping our balance -- a tale of two systems
The transition from being sea creatures to living on land, even if it happened over 300 million years ago, seems to have left its traces on the way we keep our balance today.

Meteorites reveal lasting drought on Mars
The lack of liquid water on the surface of Mars today has been demonstrated by new evidence in the form of meteorites on the Red Planet examined by an international team of planetary scientists led by the University of Stirling.

Plants modulate accumulation of metabolites at organ level
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology and the University of Heidelberg, Germany, illuminated the diversity and different accumulation of chemical substances in plant tissues.

New maps created by Stanford scientists reveal safe locations for wastewater injection
New maps of the geologic forces contributing to earthquakes in Texas and Oklahoma could help reduce the likelihood of manmade temblors associated with wastewater injection.

Victims of childhood bullying more likely to be overweight as young adults
Children who are bullied in primary and secondary school are nearly twice as likely to be overweight at the age of 18 than non-bullied children, according to a new study by researchers from King's College London.

Primitive reward-driven behaviors may bias the information people choose to sample
The way people make decisions often seems irrational. New research in open-access journal PLOS Biology suggests that the tendency to choose items associated with rewards -- known as 'Pavlovian approach' -- can bias the information people choose to seek, according to Laurence Hunt from University College London, UK, and his colleagues.

UTA studies physical, mental states for focusing attention, exercising self-control
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington are studying the ideal physical and mental states to help children and adults pay attention and practice self-control, by combining computer-game testing with a simultaneous ongoing analysis of heart-rate and skin activity.

Using pectin to advance neuron-like electronic systems
A team of Italian scientists have built on previous work in this field using pectin with a high degree of methylation as the medium to create a new architecture of hybrid device with a double-layered polyelectrolyte that alone drives memristive behavior. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to