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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | November 14, 2016


Retinitis pigmentosa may be treated by reprogramming sugar metabolism
Columbia University researchers slowed vision loss in mice with a form of retinitis pigmentosa by reprogramming the metabolism of photoreceptors in the retina.
EU Horizon 2020 project APPLICATE kicks off
An EU-financed project investigating ways to improve weather and climate prediction in the face of a rapidly changing Arctic officially started this month.
Study reveals 82 percent of the core ecological processes are now affected by climate change
A new study representing an international collaboration by ecologists and conservation biologists shows that global changes in climate have already impacted every aspect of life on Earth, from genes to entire ecosystems.
Special JAMA Internal Medicine theme series focuses on firearm violence
JAMA Internal Medicine has published online a collection of research and opinion articles in a special theme series focused on firearm violence.
Canadian and European boreal forests differ but neither is immune to climate change
The boreal forest in Canada and Northwestern Europe differ quite dramatically as a result of different climates.
Study finds less gloomy outlook for subtropical rainfall
A new study found that rainfall over land in the subtropics -- including in the southeastern US -- will not decline as much as it does over oceans in response to increased greenhouse gases.
Unique book on nutrigenomics explores the interplay of genes, diet and health
Researchers from the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Oslo have published a unique textbook on nutrigenomics, an emerging field of research investigating the interaction between diet and genes.
Light detector with record-high sensitivity to revolutionize imaging
The research team led by Professor Hele Savin has developed a new light detector that can capture more than 96 percent of the photons covering visible, ultraviolet and infrared wavelengths.
Improving pain care through implementation of the Stepped Care Model for Pain Management
A new study published in the Journal of Pain Research provides evidence that implementation of a Stepped Care Model for Pain Management has the potential to more adequately treat chronic pain.
Stress urinary incontinence drug's benefits do not outweigh harms
A new study indicates that the benefits of duloxetine, a drug used in Europe to treat stress incontinence in women, do not outweigh the harms.
Half of hospitalized atrial fibrillation patients don't receive critical medications
When patients suffer from atrial fibrillation, an irregular heartbeat, they are at considerably higher risk for blood clots and stroke.
Green-screen keying method cuts time, boosts quality in film compositing
Filming an actor in front of a green screen and then superimposing the actor over another background is commonplace in feature film production, but getting rid of all traces of the green screen remains a chore.
Engineers developing cleanup method for stubborn contaminants
Colorado State University environmental engineers are testing a promising new way to clean up perfluorinated compounds, supported by the Department of Defense's Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program.
SLU geologists discover how a tectonic plate sank
Saint Louis University researchers report new information about conditions that can cause the Earth's tectonic plates to sink into the Earth.
Tailings as raw material storage for copper and building materials
Copper and other non-ferrous metals cannot be fully broken down in mines, and residues of the valuable metals remain even after the metallurgical processes that follow.
Biologists give bacteria thermostat controls
Researchers are developing new tools for the emerging field called microbial therapeutics, in which bacteria are used as medicine.
Graphene plasmons reach the infrared
Graphene's unique properties can be both a blessing and a curse to researchers, especially to those at the intersection of optical and electronic applications.
Oxidative stress induces senescence in cultured RPE cell
Age-related macular degeneration is a leading cause of worldwide blindness in the elderly.
Patients not attached to new primary care practices receive lower quality care
One in six patients in Ontario does not belong to an organized primary care practice, new research suggests.
Wind and solar energy projects could bring 5,000 new jobs to rural Minnesota
While Minnesota's state energy policies have been a large driver in the shift from fossil fuels to renewables, the federal Production Tax Credit and Investment Tax Credit have played a major role in shaping the state's clean energy economy while keeping rates affordable for utility customers, according to a new report from the University of Minnesota Energy Transition Lab.
Researchers propose noninvasive method to detect bone marrow cancer
For the first time, researchers have shown that using magnetic resonance imaging can effectively identify bone marrow cancer (myelofibrosis) in an experimental model.
Which genes are crucial for the energy metabolism of Archaea?
A research team led by Christa Schleper from the University of Vienna succeeded in isolating the first ammonia-oxidizing archaeon from soil: Nitrososphaera viennensis -- the 'spherical ammonia oxidizer from Vienna.' In the current issue of the renowned journal PNAS, the scientists present new results: they were able to detect all proteins that are active during ammonia oxidation -- another important piece of the puzzle for the elucidation of the energy metabolism of Archaea.
Mayo researchers identify biomarker to speed diagnosis in brain and spinal cord inflammation
Research from Mayo Clinic included in the November issue of JAMA Neurology identifies a new biomarker for brain and spinal cord inflammation, allowing for faster diagnosis and treatment of patients.
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz obtains approval for Humboldt Professorship in Biology
Nominated by Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz and the Institute of Molecular Biology, chromosome researcher Professor Peter Baumann has been awarded an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship, which comes with the best endowed research grant in Germany.
Mild cognitive impairment patients take about 3 medications for concomittant diseases
Dr. Vasileios Papaliagkas, the corresponding author of the paper, pointed that the vast majority of MCI patients were taking at least one medication, whereas slightly less than half of the patients (40 percent) took at least four medications.
Ensuring medical care is consistent with patient goals
It can be challenging to determine whether medical care provided in a hospital or nursing home is consistent with preferences of patient and family as indicated in the patient's advance planning documents.
NASA finds unusual origins of high-energy electrons
High above Earth's surface, our magnetic field constantly deflects incoming ultra-fast particles from the sun.
Does WeChat use make people feel better?
Use of the instant messaging service WeChat, developed in China and used globally, may enhance peoples' feelings of overall satisfaction with life if they use it for fun and to pursue their interests.
Stronger gun laws tied to decreased firearm homicides
Stronger firearm laws are associated with reductions in firearm homicide rates, concludes a narrative review published in the Nov.
Immune system uses gut bacteria to control glucose metabolism
Researchers have discovered an important link between the immune system, gut bacteria and glucose metabolism -- a 'cross-talk' and interaction that can lead to type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome when not functioning correctly.
2-D material a brittle surprise
Rice scientists discovered that molybdenum diselenide, a two-dimensional material being eyed for flexible electronics and next-generation optical devices, is more brittle than expected.
Study shows bilingual lupus support and education program has positive impact
A bilingual support group addressing the psychological and educational needs of patients with lupus and their families is a valuable resource to help them cope, according to a study at Hospital for Special Surgery.
Study: Compound suggests pain treatment without opioid or medical marijuana side effects
Indiana University neuroscientist Andrea Hohmann took the stage at a press conference Nov.
How internal circadian clocks in neurons encode external daily rhythms of excitability
Researchers have identified a key mechanism linking the master molecular clock in the brain to changes in the external electrical firing activity of those circadian clock neurons.
Endocrine cells in the brain influence the optimization of behavior
A person exposed to stress can usually rapidly adapt the own behavior to the specific situation.
Footing the bill for a 'silent' sickness
The 'silent burden' of foot disease afflicts one in ten hospital patients, costing taxpayers billions and filling nearly 5,000 hospital beds each night, according to QUT research.
Immune cells identified as the culprit linking hypertension and dementia
This week in the JCI, a team led by Costantino Iadecola at Weill Cornell Medical College found that hypertension activates immune cells in the brain called perivascular macrophages, leading to increased oxidative stress in the brain's blood vessels that is linked to dementia.
Study supports road map to saving lives through cardiac rehabilitation participation
Despite the proven benefits of increased longevity and reduced hospitalizations with cardiac rehabilitation, only 20 to 30 percent of eligible patients actually participate.
Research finds that antibiotic may help in treatment of alcohol use disorder
Research has uncovered a new use for an established drug as a therapy for an age-old health problem.
Teenage binge drinking can affect brain functions in future offspring
Repeated binge drinking during adolescence can affect brain functions in future generations, potentially putting offspring at risk for such conditions as depression, anxiety, and metabolic disorders.
Poor sleep may increase risk for irregular heart rhythms
Poor sleep -- even if you don't have sleep apnea -- may be linked to higher risks of developing an irregular heartbeat.
TSRI scientists discover how protein senses touch
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) reveals that a protein first discovered at TSRI in 2010 is directly responsible for sensing touch.
Researchers found mathematical structure that was thought not to exist
Researchers found mathematical structure that was thought not to exist.
iPhone camera application may detect atrial fibrillation
A smartphone application made it possible to use the iPhone camera to detect atrial fibrillation via facial signals and without physical contact, according to a preliminary study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2016.
Research shows nerve growth protein controls blood sugar
Biologists demonstrate the workings of a biochemical pathway that helps control glucose in the bloodstream, a development that could potentially lead to treatments for diabetes.
Call for global action to stamp out illegal timber trade
A group of conservation scientists and policymakers led by University of Adelaide researchers are calling for global action to combat the illegal timber trade.
UT AgResearch Dean recognized for leadership excellence
Bill Brown, dean of University of Tennessee AgResearch, received an Excellence in Leadership Award during the annual meeting of the Association of Public Land-grant Universities (APLU).
Long-sought genetic model of common infant leukemia described
After nearly two decades of unsuccessful attempts, researchers from the University of Chicago and the Cincinnati Children's Hospital have created the first mouse model for the most common form of infant leukemia.
Congenital virus in children with cerebral palsy more common than thought
Congenital infection with cytomegalovirus is more common in children with cerebral palsy than previously thought, a new Australian study has reported in the Journal of Pediatrics.
Science fiction book campaign results in a $22,000 charitable contribution
Springer Nature and Humble Bundle have raised a charitable contribution of $22,000 through the science fiction book campaign 'Science Fiction by Real Scientists.' One half of the proceeds, $11,000, goes to the Science Fiction & Fantasy Writers of America's Givers Fund.
Numenta brings brain theory to machine learning
Researchers at Numenta Inc. have published a new study, 'Continuous Online Sequence Learning with an Unsupervised Neural Network Model,' which compares their biologically derived HTM sequence memory to traditional machine learning algorithms.
Survey finds patients with RA their doctors not always on the same page
A large global survey finds gaps in communication between doctors who treat rheumatoid arthritis and their patients, even though most physicians believe good communication and patient engagement are important to achieve the best outcomes.
Companies pushing 'toddler milk' need oversight, experts warn
Liquid-based nutritional supplements, originally formulated for malnourished or undernourished children, need more regulatory oversight as they are increasingly marketed to promote growth in children generally, warn researchers at Emory University.
Childhood adversity linked to blood pressure dysfunction
Children and adults with a history of childhood poverty, mistreatment or family dysfunction may have poor blood pressure regulation.
A fundamental theory of mass generation
A team of four theoretical physicists, Francesco Sannino from Cp3-Origins at the University of Southern Denmark, Alessandro Strumia from CERN theory division and Pisa Univ., Andrea Tesi from the Enrico Fermi Institute at the University of Chicago in US, and Elena Vigiani from Pisa University have recently published in the Journal of High Energy Physics their work
Insilico Medicine launches a deep learned biomarker of aging, Aging.AI 2.0 for testing
Insilico Medicine, Inc., a company applying latest advances in deep learning to biomarker development, drug discovery and aging research, launched Aging.AI 2.0.
Catalyzing excellence
Dr. Israel E. Wachs of Lehigh University has been named recipient of the AIChE's top award in chemical reaction engineering.
Using lung function tests to diagnose COPD can help patients and reduce health care costs
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease would benefit if pulmonary function testing was used more consistently to diagnose the condition, according to a study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
Inability to safely store fat increases risk of diabetes and heart disease
A large-scale genetic study has provided strong evidence that the development of insulin resistance -- a risk factor for type 2 diabetes and heart attacks and one of the key adverse consequences of obesity -- results from the failure to safely store excess fat in the body.
Repurposed drug may offer diagnosis, treatment for traumatic nerve damage
A new study in EMBO Molecular Medicine shows that a multiple sclerosis drug can accelerate nerve repair and functional recovery after traumatic nerve injury in mice.
Researchers use acoustic waves to move fluids at the nanoscale
A team of mechanical engineers at the University of California San Diego has successfully used acoustic waves to move fluids through small channels at the nanoscale.
Brain training can help in fight against dementia: Meta-analysis
Researchers at the University of Sydney's Brain and Mind Centre have found that engaging in computer-based brain training can improve memory and mood in older adults with mild cognitive impairment -- but training is no longer effective once a dementia diagnosis has been made.
UH Cancer Center researcher finds new driver of an aggressive form of brain cancer
University of Hawai'i Cancer Center researchers have identified an essential driver of tumor cell invasion in glioblastoma, the most aggressive form of brain cancer that can occur at any age.
Atomic beltway could solve problems of cosmic gravity
A new theoretical paper suggests that a ring of several thousand ultracold atoms could enable precise measurements of motion and gravity, possibly even at distances as short as 10 micrometers -- about a tenth of a human hair's width.
Fires blazing across the southern United States
Fires have been reported across several states in the southern United States and NASA's Aqua satellite using its MODIS instrument captured this image of the fires and smoke across the expanse.
Researchers create synthetic cells to isolate genetic circuits
MIT researchers have demonstrated that synthetic biology circuits can be isolated within individual synthetic cells, preventing unwanted interference from the environment or each other.
Study finds limited sign of soil adaptation to climate warming
As the global climate warms, will soil respiration rates increase, adding even more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere and accelerating climate change?
Kelp forests globally resilient, but may need local solutions to environmental threats
The first global assessment of marine kelp ecosystems shows that these critically important habitats have exhibited a surprising resilience to environmental impacts over the past 50 years, but they have a wide variability in long-term responses that will call for regional management efforts to help protect their health in the future.
Novel reaction microscope scheme targets biologically relevant molecules
Researchers in Germany and the US have upgraded the performance of a reaction microscope so that the technique -- known as Cold Target Recoil Ion Momentum Spectroscopy, or COLTRIMS for short -- can be extended to distinguish between isomers with two carbon centers.
NASA sees fast-developing Tropical Storm Tina
A late-season tropical storm named Tina formed offshore of the southwestern coast of Mexico on Sunday, Nov.
Risk-taking behaviors tied to racial disparities in HIV in gay communities
Researchers from Drexel University's Dornsife School of Public Health re-examined data showing a disparity between HIV prevalence in black and white men who have sex with men and found that a racial gap between them was reduced once levels of risk within their communities were considered.
Neighborhood stressors associated with biological stress in kids in New Orleans
Neighborhood stressors -- the density of liquor or convenience stores, reports of domestic violence and rate of violent crime -- were associated with signs of biological stress in a small study of black children in neighborhoods in the greater New Orleans area.
Does a 'bad' apple spoil the bunch? Study shows how problem behaviors spread in siblings
Siblings bear responsibility for the spread of problem behaviors. Identifying the exact nature of that influence has proven difficult, because behavior problems in siblings can also be traced to friends, shared genetics and shared experiences with parents.
27th TWAS General Meeting to begin
The Government of Rwanda in partnership with The World Academy of Sciences will host the 27th TWAS General Meeting from Nov.
How lightning strikes can improve storm forecasts
Observations of lightning strikes could improve forecasts of large thunderstorms, especially in places with few ground stations.
Forest fires in Sierra Nevada driven by past land use
Forest fire activity in California's Sierra Nevada since 1600 has been influenced more by how humans used the land than by climate.
Confidence influences eyewitness memory of crimes
New University of Liverpool research has found that co-witnesses to a crime can contaminate each other's memory of who committed it, but that the likelihood of this contamination occurring depends upon their confidence.
November/December 2016 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features synopses of original research and commentary published in the November/December issue of Annals of Family Medicine.
Leon Simon to receive 2017 AMS Steele Prize for seminal contribution to research
Leon Simon of Stanford University will receive the 2017 AMS Leroy P.
Center for Regenerative Medicine receives 3 prestigious NIH awards
The Center for Regenerative Medicine at Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine has received three prestigious awards from the National Institutes of Health to further its commitment to induced pluripotent stem cell research and education.
Enrollment completed for RE-DUAL PCI™ study of 2,700 atrial fibrillation patients
The Baim Institute announces that patient enrollment into the international Phase IIIb RE-DUAL PCI™ study is complete.
Virginia Tech, CytImmune Sciences create therapy that curbs toxic chemotherapy effects
Virginia Tech scientists have developed a new cancer drug that uses gold nanoparticles created by the biotech firm CytImmune Sciences to deliver paclitaxel -- a commonly used chemotherapy drug directly to a tumor.
Length of telomeres should tell whether vitamin D, omega-3 are good for the heart, longevity
The length of your telomeres appears to be a window into your heart health and longevity, and scientists are measuring them to see if vitamin D and omega-3 supplements really improve both.
Ability to recognize and recall odors may identify those at risk for Alzheimer's disease
A noninvasive protocol developed by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators that tests the ability to recognize, remember and distinguish between odors was able to identify older individuals who -- according to genetic, imaging and more detailed memory tests -- were at increased risk of Alzheimer's disease.
Solid-phase extraction of ibuprofen from pharmaceuticals
The content of active ingredients in pharmaceuticals is mostly assessed by reversed-phase HPLC.
Attention, bosses: Why angry employees are bad for business
According to University of Arizona research, employees who are angry are more likely to engage in unethical behavior at work -- even if the source of their anger is not job-related.
Offspring may have higher risk for developing HBP if their parents had HBP before
If your parents were diagnosed with high blood pressure before age 55, you may be at higher risk for developing high blood pressure than if they developed hypertension at a later age, according to a preliminary study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2016.
Researchers uncover details behind dinosaur-era birds' feathers
Scientists have recently discovered a new bohaiornithid bird specimen from the Early Cretaceous Period of China with remarkably preserved feathers.
Rip in crust drives undersea volcanism, says study
Scientists analyzing a volcanic eruption at a mid-ocean ridge under the Pacific have come up with a somewhat contrarian explanation for what initiated it.
Researchers report new thermoelectric material with high power factors
With energy conservation expected to play a growing role in managing global demand, materials and methods that make better use of existing sources of energy have become increasingly important.
The Lancet: Global experts launch Lancet Countdown in response to climate change health crisis
Research initiative sees collaboration by 16 global organizations to drive action on climate change given potential 'catastrophic risk to human health.'
Cardiac PET/CT imaging effective in detecting calcium in arteries, reducing risks
Many people who experience chest pain but don't have a heart attack breathe a big sigh of relief when a stress test comes back negative for blockages in their blood vessels.
Retail clinics do not decrease emergency department visits
Despite being touted as a way to reduce emergency department visits, retail clinics opened near emergency departments had little effect on rates of low-acuity visits to them, according to the results of a study published online today in Annals of Emergency Medicine.
Homicide rates rise after introduction of 'Stand Your Ground' self-defense law
The study says this change in the law is associated with homicide rates in Florida rising by 24 percent over 2005-2014 (compared with 1999-2004).
$4.1 million grant to help principals improve safety in schools
School safety experts from the Missouri Prevention Center and the University of Missouri College of Education, have received a $4.1 million grant from the National Institute of Justice to study a training program designed to teach principals how to make their schools more safe.
International team decodes cellular death signals
A multidisciplinary international team of scientists solved the mystery of a recently discovered type of controlled cell death, mapping the path to potential therapies for conditions ranging from radiation injury to cancer.
Mathematical algorithms calculate social behavior
For a long time, mathematical modelling of social systems and dynamics was considered in the realm of science fiction.
Human actions influence fire regimes in the Sierra Nevadas
While climate contributes strongly to fire activity in the Sierra Nevada mountains of the western US, human activity, starting well before European contact, has also played an important part in the severity, frequency and sheer numbers of forest fires occurring in the area, according to researchers.
X-ray laser gets first real-time snapshots of a chemical flipping a biological switch
Scientists have used the powerful X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to make the first snapshots of a chemical interaction between two biomolecules -- one that flips an RNA 'switch' that regulates production of proteins, the workhorse molecules of life.
Rolls-Royce and VTT form a strategic partnership to develop smart ships
Rolls-Royce and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd. have announced a strategic partnership to design, test and validate the first generation of remote and autonomous ships.
General surgery residents prefer flexible work hours for patient care, education
US general surgery residents strongly prefer work hour policies that allow them the flexibility to work longer when needed to provide patient care over standard, more restrictive work schedules, according to results from a national survey conducted as part of the landmark Flexibility in Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) Trial.
Fetal movement proved to be essential for neuron development in rats
Sensory feedback resulting from spontaneous movements is instrumental for coordination of activity in developing sensorimotor spinal cord circuits.
An innovative active platform for wireless damage monitoring of concrete structures
Structural health monitoring is playing an important role in evaluation process of structural integrity of concrete structures mainly because much of the expected construction demands will have to be accommodated on existing concrete structures with widespread signs of deterioration.
The quest for the oldest ice on Earth
In Antarctica, internationally leading ice and climate scientists of 14 institutions from 10 European countries are looking for the oldest ice on Earth.
Gene deletion allows cancer cells to thrive when migrating within the brain
Astronauts survive in space by wearing high-tech space suits. But how do brain cancer cells thrive when they migrate to inhospitable sites within the brain?
Cheaper, more effective cleanup of abandoned oil and gas wells
Abandoned oil and gas wells are a significant source of greenhouse gases but so many are scattered across the US that stopping the leaks presents a huge cost for states.
'Conductive concrete' shields electronics from EMP attack
University of Nebraska engineers Christopher Tuan and Lim Nguyen have developed a cost-effective concrete that shields against intense pulses of electromagnetic energy.
New way to make low-cost solar cell technology
Researchers at the Australian National University have found a new way to fabricate high efficiency semi-transparent perovskite solar cells in a breakthrough that could lead to more efficient and cheaper solar electricity.
The war on drugs has failed and doctors should lead calls for change, says The BMJ
The enforcement of prohibition -- a ban on the production, supply, possession, and use of some drugs for non-medical purposes -- causes huge harm, and doctors should lead calls for drug policy reform, argues The BMJ today.
Stress-induced changes in maternal gut could negatively impact offspring for life
Prenatal exposure to a mother's stress contributes to anxiety and cognitive problems that persist into adulthood, a phenomenon that could be explained by lasting -- and potentially damaging -- changes in the microbiome, according to new research in mice.
The power of expectation can restrain hyper-emotional memories in the brain
Researchers at Japan's RIKEN Brain Science Institute have identified a brain circuit that provides emotional memory tuning in rats.
Inclusion of the ACM Prize in Computing recipients increases number of HLF Laureates
The Heidelberg Laureate Forum Foundation is pleased to announce that all recipients of the ACM Prize in Computing join the ranks of laureates invited to the Heidelberg Laureate Forum.
Statin use increases substantially in US, although use suboptimal in high-risk groups
From 2002 to 2013, the use of statins increased substantially among US adults, although use in high-risk groups remains suboptimal, and there are persistent disparities among women, racial/ethnic minorities, and the uninsured, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.
Hearing with your eyes -- a Western style of speech perception
Which parts of a person's face do you look at when you listen them speak?
New study ties West Nile virus to risk of shorter life span
West Nile virus may be much more deadly than previously believed, with deaths attributable to the mosquito-borne disease occurring not just in the immediate aftermath of the infection but also years later, long after patients seem to have recovered from the initial illness, according to a new study presented today at the 2016 Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH).
Slow motion waves of jumping genes in the human genome
A new study by two Illinois researchers has demonstrated that dynamic elements within the human genome interact with each other in a way that strongly resembles the patterns seen in populations of predators and prey.
Taking the pulse of underwater forests
A new NCEAS study finds kelps are doing better than other key coastal ecosystem-forming species.
Underwater video reveals culprits behind disappearance of NSW kelp forests
Seaweed-eating fish are becoming increasingly voracious as the ocean warms due to climate change and are responsible for the recent destruction of kelp forests off the coast of NSW in eastern Australia, research shows.
Testing for HPV types 16 and 18 may better inform referral to colposcopy
Testing for HPV types 16 and 18 in women with minor cervical lesions may be useful as a second triage after high-risk HPV testing to determine which patients should go on to colposcopy.
Underwater Stone Age settlement mapped out
Seven years ago divers discovered the oldest known stationary fish traps in northern Europe off the coast of southern Sweden.
Mostly meat, high protein diet linked to heart failure in older women
Postmenopausal women who follow a high-protein diet could be at higher risk of heart failure, especially if most of their protein comes from meat.
Different strokes for different folks
People use different criteria when they're searching for a gift than when they are buying for themselves.
Soy protein-based seed coating acts as biostimulant
Researchers developed a seed coating for broccoli seedlings using soy flour as a binder in a soy flour, cellulose, and diatomaceous earth coating formulation.
First observations of tongue deformation of plasma based upon the Artsimovich Prediction
At the National Institutes of Natural Sciences National Institute for Fusion Science researchers, in collaboration with Kyushu University, observed for the first time in the world a deformation called the 'tongue deformation' occurring locally in a Large Helical Device (LHD) plasma.
How visual attention selects important information
Researchers at Tohoku University have revealed multiple functions of visual attention, the process of selecting important information from retinal images.
Study reports progress in preventing bleeding in atrial fibrillation
A new study led by clinician-researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center testing the safety and effectiveness of anticoagulant strategies for patients with atrial fibrillation who undergo stenting procedures has shown that therapies combining the anticoagulant drug rivaroxaban with either single or dual anti-platelet therapy were more effective in preventing bleeding complications than the current standard of care.
Bariatric surgery may reduce heart failure risk
Bariatric surgery and other treatments that cause substantial weight loss can significantly reduce the risk of heart failure in obese patients.
Not without my microbiome
When nodule bacteria supply plants with atmospheric nitrogen, characteristic microbial communities that drive plant growth become established in the root.
Injectable biologic therapy dramatically reduces triglycerides
At the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2016, Richard Dunbar, M.D., an assistant professor of Translational Medicine and Medical Genetics in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, will present early data from a study which evaluated the use of a new injectable biologic drug therapy for reducing triglyceride levels.
Tiny super magnets could be the future of drug delivery
Microscopic crystals could soon be zipping drugs around your body, taking them to diseased organs.
High tunnel-grown tomatoes go to Amarillo supermarket
Dr. Charlie Rush is claiming success -- tomatoes from a Texas A&M AgriLife Research high tunnel project are being sold in an Amarillo grocery store.
Battery cars a better choice for reducing emissions than fuel cells, Stanford study finds
Many communities would be better off investing in electric vehicles that run on batteries instead of hydrogen fuel cells, in part because the hydrogen infrastructure provides few additional energy benefits for the community besides clean transportation.
Researchers have a better way to predict flight delays
The most dreaded announcement for any airline passenger trying to get home for the holidays has to be a flight delay.
Long-term use of opioid patches common among persons with Alzheimer's disease
Approximately seven per cent of persons with Alzheimer's disease use strong pain medicines, opioids, for non-cancer pain for a period longer than six months, according to a recent study conducted at the University of Eastern Finland.
York U researchers find 'sweet' solution to kill E. coli in drinking water
While using porous paper strips to trap the bacterial cells, for killing, the researchers used an antimicrobial agent extracted from the seeds of moringa -- commonly known as drumstick or horseradish tree.
Cholesterol lowering drugs cut risk of a first heart attack or stroke
Cholesterol-lowering drugs help prevent heart attacks and strokes in adults with cardiovascular risk factors such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes and smoking, but have not yet had a heart attack or stroke, according to a large-scale analysis of clinical trial data led by the OHSU Pacific Northwest Evidence-Based Practice Center.
Buying experiences makes you more grateful, generous
On Thanksgiving, many of us take a moment to reflect on what we're grateful for -- and we get notable rewards for doing so.
New evidence finds mosquitoes could infect humans with Zika and chikungunya viruses at the same time
Mosquitoes are capable of carrying Zika and chikungunya viruses simultaneously and can secrete enough in their saliva to potentially infect humans with both viruses in a single bite, according to new research presented today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Noninvasive blood glucose monitoring device for people with diabetes in development
People with diabetes are one step closer to more easily checking their blood glucose levels with a non-invasive device for detecting and monitoring blood glucose levels, which is currently in development.
Cellular 'cannibalism' may be fundamental to development across evolution
In living beings, from roundworms to humans, some cells may ball up unwanted contents on their surfaces for other cells to 'eat.' This is the finding of a study led by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center and published online Nov.
NIH-led effort examines use of big data for infectious disease surveillance
Big data derived from electronic health records, social media, the internet and other digital sources have the potential to provide more timely and detailed information on infectious disease threats or outbreaks than traditional surveillance methods.
The German Research Foundation funds 3 graduate schools at TU Dresden
The German Research Foundation has announced the funding of three Graduate Schools at TU Dresden.
Mother's blood sugar measurement associated with baby's congenital heart disease risk
For the first time, researchers have shown that the level of blood sugar measured in the first trimester of pregnancy may be associated with the risk of delivering a baby with congenital heart disease, according to a preliminary study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2016.
Zhao Dongyuan wins TWAS-Lenovo Prize
Chinese materials scientist Zhao Dongyuan was named winner of the 2016 TWAS-Lenovo Science Prize Nov.
Why you may want to keep your Movember moustache out of the beer froth
Alcohol is a known risk factor for breast cancer and at least seven types of cancers of the digestive system.
What molecules you leave on your phone reveal about your lifestyle
By sampling the molecules on cell phones, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences were able to construct lifestyle sketches for each phone's owner, including diet, preferred hygiene products, health status and locations visited.
Mississippi River could leave farmland stranded
If the Mississippi River continues to go unchecked, the farmland on Dogtooth Bend peninsula may be only accessible by boat.
Red is good -- the brain uses color to help us choose what to eat
Red means: 'green light, go for it!' Green means: 'hmm, better not!' Like an upside down traffic light in our brain, color helps us decide whether or not to eat something.
Researchers find a better way to save eyesight in third-world countries
A new study in the American Journal of Ophthalmology reports that low-cost widely available eye drops are just as effective as antibiotics in treating bacterial keratitis, a leading cause of blindness.
UofL researcher receives grant to study methods to restore depth perception
Aaron W. McGee, Ph.D., assistant professor at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, has received the Disney Award for Amblyopia Research in the amount of $100,000 from Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB).
Retail clinics do not reduce ER visits for minor ailments
Retail medical clinics are suppose to help cut health costs by providing a low-cost alternative to hospital emergency departments.
Heater-cooler devices blamed for global Mycobacterium chimaera outbreak
A global outbreak of Mycobacterium chimaera, an invasive, slow-growing bacterium, is linked to heater-cooler devices used in cardiac surgery, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.
Princeton-led study finds facial impressions driven by our own experiences
The pseudoscience of physiognomy -- judging people's character from their faces -- has been around for centuries, but a new Princeton University study shows that people make such judgments based on their own experiences.
Trash that pop can, trash yourself
Think twice about tossing that pop can, since you might be trashing yourself, too.

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Changing The World
What does it take to change the world for the better? This hour, TED speakers explore ideas on activism—what motivates it, why it matters, and how each of us can make a difference. Guests include civil rights activist Ruby Sales, labor leader and civil rights activist Dolores Huerta, author Jeremy Heimans, "craftivist" Sarah Corbett, and designer and futurist Angela Oguntala.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#521 The Curious Life of Krill
Krill may be one of the most abundant forms of life on our planet... but it turns out we don't know that much about them. For a create that underpins a massive ocean ecosystem and lives in our oceans in massive numbers, they're surprisingly difficult to study. We sit down and shine some light on these underappreciated crustaceans with Stephen Nicol, Adjunct Professor at the University of Tasmania, Scientific Advisor to the Association of Responsible Krill Harvesting Companies, and author of the book "The Curious Life of Krill: A Conservation Story from the Bottom of the World".