Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 15, 2016
Can artery 'banks' transform vascular medicine?
The Morgridge Institute for Research and the University of Wisconsin-Madison will address both the engineering and biomedical hurdles involved in creating stem cell-derived arteries for transplant as part of a five-year, $8 million project funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI).

Are parents willing to have their children receive placebos?
Placebos are essential in any controlled clinical trial, providing a yardstick against which the test drug is measured.

Bullied children excluded from digital communication forums
There is a conception that bullied children with few friends can find new ones online.

How to stop acne with science (video)
Breakouts are a pain and can happen well into your 40s.

Stop-smoking services under threat as budgets are cut
Stop-smoking services across England are facing ongoing budget cuts after six in ten local authorities (59 percent) were forced to reduce their funding in the last year according to a new joint report by ASH and Cancer Research UK published today.

Too much fatty food could set children up for mental problems
Chances are that children who eat excessive amounts of fatty foods will not only become obese, but will develop cognitive and psychiatric problems when they are older.

Two new tools to enhance effectiveness of behavioral therapy in children with autism
In two scientific papers published Tuesday, researchers identified two approaches that have the potential to help a large number of children with autism spectrum disorder through behavioral therapy.

ESCEO-IOF expert panel reviews current evidence for efficacy of calcium supplementation
An expert consensus meeting of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) and the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) has reviewed the evidence for the value of calcium supplementation, with or without vitamin D supplementation, in healthy musculoskeletal aging.

Identifying genetic variant early helps in treating hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in South Asians
Early screening for a genetic variant that predisposes people of South Asian descent to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (an enlarged heart) could help reduce the incidence of sudden cardiac death in this population, says a University of Cincinnati College of Medicine heart researcher.

Research reveals how succinate dehydrogenase is linked to both tumor and neurodegeneration
Sarah Fendt (VIB-KU Leuven): 'In this project we studied mutations in enzyme succinate dehydrogenase, which are associated with tumors, but also neurodegeneration.

New model reveals adaptations of world's most abundant ocean microbe
Researchers from the University of Hawai'i and Chalmers University of Technology developed a computer model which takes into account hundreds of genes, chemical reactions, and compounds required for the survival of Prochlorococcus, the most abundant photosynthetic microbe on the planet.

Experts issue urgent call to action for surgeons on antibiotic overuse
Overuse and misuse of antimicrobial agents is an urgent problem, and surgeons around the world, who often prescribe antibiotics for surgical prophylaxis, need to take a leadership role in the effort to promote antimicrobial stewardship.

Level of education is more decisive than intelligence for development of short-sightedness
Environmental factors such as education and leisure activities have a greater influence on the development of short-sightedness or myopia than the ability to think logically and solve problems.

Children with aggressive behavior vary in ability to adjust after being exposed to tornadoes
When a large group of children with aggressive behavior experienced devastating tornadoes, many of those with higher anxiety showed greater resilience, according to a study published online in the Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, published by the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.

Controlling electrons in time and space
A new method has been developed to control electrons being emitted from metal tips.

Research finds Zika virus can live for hours on hard, non-porous surfaces
The Zika virus is most commonly transmitted in humans as the result of a bite from an infected mosquito or from an infected human to another human.

The Lancet: Number of people living with high blood pressure has almost doubled worldwide over past 40 years
In the past 40 years, there has been a large increase in the number of people living with high blood pressure worldwide because of population growth and aging -- rising from 594 million in 1975 to over 1.1 billion in 2015.

Migraine linked to increased stroke risk in women
Women who have migraines may have an increased risk of stroke, according to a preliminary study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2016.

Hawai'i researchers link quality of coastal groundwater with reef degradation on Maui
In a study published recently, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa scientists used a combination of field experiments and chemical analysis of water and algae to show that the quality of coastal groundwater plays a major role in determining the health of nearshore ecosystems in Hawai'i.

Physicists at Mainz University construct prototype for new component of the ATLAS detector
One of the largest projects being undertaken at the CERN research center near Geneva -- the ATLAS Experiment -- is about to be upgraded.

Consuming violent media linked to 13x surge in violent dreams
The violent and sexual media you consume during the day may infiltrate your dreams at night, new research suggests.

Prices for generic heart failure drugs vary widely
Prices for generic heart failure drugs can vary so widely that uninsured patients may not be able to afford them.

Malaria research at CU Anschutz receives Gates Foundation support
Kathryn Colborn, Ph.D., assistant research professor at the CU School of Medicine and senior investigator with the Center for Global Health at the Colorado School of Public Health, will pursue an innovative global health and development research project titled 'Development of an automated early warning system for malaria transmission using machine learning.'

UK burden of fungal asthma greatly exceeds prior estimates, new study warns
Experts are warning of a significant increase in the number of people in the UK who are living with invasive and serious fungal diseases that affect the lungs, bloodstream and brain and can sometimes lead to death.

NASA spots post-Tropical Storm Tina's remnant clouds
Tropical Storm Tina was short-lived. NOAA's GOES-West satellite captured the remnants of the storm that formed, reached tropical storm status and fizzled in one day.

Scientists uncover genetic evidence that 'we are what we eat'
Researchers at the University of Oxford have demonstrated that the diets of organisms can affect the DNA sequences of their genes.

Organized prescription drug collection programs may have minimal impact
More than 3.8 billion controlled medications, such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, Valium and Adderall, are dispensed by pharmacies annually in the United States.

Preparations for the 5th Heidelberg Laureate Forum are underway!
For one week, the recipients of the Abel Prize, the ACM A.M.

Researchers discover new antibiotics by sifting through the human microbiome
The bacteria we carry within us could be a untapped source of new drugs.

Atrial fibrillation patients are at increased risk of dementia, regardless of anticoagulation use
Atrial fibrillation patients who use the drug, warfarin, to prevent harmful blood clots from forming in their hearts to lower risk of stroke are at higher risk of developing dementia than patients who use warfarin for non-atrial fibrillation conditions, according to a new study from the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute.

New drug beats standard therapy in advanced kidney cancer
An experimental kidney cancer drug outperformed the standard first-line therapy for patients with metastatic disease who are considered at risk for poorer than average outcomes, according to results of a randomized phase II clinical trial by researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.

A possible explanation for recurring breast cancer
In October, we mourned those who died of breast cancer and celebrated all of the women (and men) who have survived.

Cedars-Sinai receives $1.2M grant from California Initiative to Advance Precision Medicine
Cedars-Sinai health investigators will use a $1.2 million grant from a state precision medicine initiative to design a system using remote monitoring to predict heart attacks and other cardiovascular events.

Light therapy could save bees from deadly pesticides
Treating bees with light therapy can counteract the harmful effects of neonicotinoid pesticides and improve survival rates of poisoned bees, finds a new UCL study.

Good drugs for bad bugs
Microbiologists have identified how MRSA may be more effectively treated by modern-day antibiotics, if old-fashioned penicillin is also used.

Teacher communication with parents consistent with racial stereotypes
Teachers communicate with parents not just based on a student's academic performance and behaviors, but also based on parents' racial and immigrant backgrounds, finds a study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

What can Google tell us about 'the memory web' in the brain?
University of Leicester research in collaboration with the University of California Los Angeles uses internet searches to show how long-term memories are coded in the brain

Drosophila innate immunity: Another piece to the puzzle
EPFL scientists have discovered a new receptor in the fruit fly immune system that detects bacterial infections.

Kaiser Permanente to examine role of environmental factors in childhood obesity
Kaiser Permanente researchers have received a major new grant from the National Institutes of Health to study how exposures to environmental chemicals during pregnancy may influence the risk of obesity and neurodevelopmental disorders in children.

After decades of research, science is no better able to predict suicidal behaviors
Experts' ability to predict if someone will attempt to take his or her own life is no better than chance and has not significantly improved over the last 50 years, according to a comprehensive review of suicide research published by the American Psychological Association.

More GABA in one brain region linked to better working memory, Stanford scientist says
The amount of a particular chemical in a particular part of your brain predicts your ability to simultaneously hang onto several bits of information in your working memory, a Stanford University School of Medicine scientist and his University of California-Davis collaborators have learned.

Virginia Tech researchers explore gigantic volcanic eruptions that led to mass extinctions
A paper confirms a major feature in the formation of large igneous provinces -- massive worldwide volcanic eruptions that created incredibly high volumes of lava and triggered environmental catastrophes and mass extinctions.

Symptom-free Ebola infections detected in West Africa
Researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have discovered individuals in Sierra Leone who showed no signs of the Ebola virus disease but have evidence of prior Ebola infection in their immune systems.

Once inside a tumor, our immune cells become traitors
New research has found a subset of our immune cells (called regulatory T cells) that are highly abundant in the tumor microenvironment and are particularly good at suppressing the anticancer immune response.

Novel mapping technique targets gene therapy to hibernating heart muscle
Gene therapy to repair damaged heart muscle is most likely to succeed if it can be injected at the site of ischemia where there is viable myocardium with reduced contractile ability, and a new technique that combines imaging and electroanatomical mapping does just that.

'Origami' rapid malaria test receives Grand Challenges Explorations grant
A novel 'origami' rapid diagnostic test for malaria has received a $100,000 Grand Challenges Explorations grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Antibiotic restores cell communication in brain areas damaged by Alzheimer's disease
New research from the Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health at UBC has found a way to partially restore brain cell communication around areas damaged by plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease.

New biofuel cell with energy storage
Researchers have developed a hybrid of a fuel cell and capacitor on a biocatalytic basis.

Scientists create an atlas of the developing mouse heart
A research team led by investigators at Harvard Medical School has created a temporal and spatial atlas of a developing mouse heart.

High-fat diet disrupts brain maturation
The latest study by researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich suggests that excessive consumption of fatty foods could severely disrupt the development of the prefrontal cortex in the maturing brains of young people.

Prescribing drugs for cardiovascular disease prevention in the UK
Drugs such as statins that have the potential to prevent strokes and other types of cardiovascular disease have not been prescribed to a large proportion of people at risk in the UK, according to a research article by Grace Turner of the University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK and colleagues published in PLOS Medicine.

High blood pressure affects 1.13 billion people, says new study
The number of people in the world with high blood pressure has reached 1.13 billion, according to new research.

Bisexual men and women face pay gap, Indiana University study finds
Bisexual men and women are paid less for doing the same jobs than similarly qualified heterosexual men and women, according to Indiana University research that breaks new ground by treating bisexual individuals as distinct from gay men and lesbians in the workplace.

Real men don't say 'cute'
From gender to education, the words used on social media carry impressions to others.

Drinking red wine before smoking can prevent short term vascular damage
Drinking red wine is widely regarded as protective against cardiovascular disease.

Researchers identify protein required for breast cancer metastasis
Researchers have identified a new pathway and with it a protein, BRD4, necessary for breast cancer cells to spread.

Early evidence of dairying discovered
A team of scientists and archaeologists have discovered widespread evidence of prehistoric milk production in southern Europe.

Photoimmunotherapy blows up tumors, spares nearby hostages
A clinical trial is testing a new cancer treatment called Photoimmunotherapy that uses near-infrared light to activate a toxin delivered by monoclonal antibodies.

Low use of 'agent animation' means first-mover opportunity in bringing brand to life
The new research focuses on the concept of agent animation - self-directed motion of a brand logo that makes it feel alive.

Comic Relief extends funding for entrepreneurial project in rural Kenya
The University of Plymouth in the UK will be expanding its work supporting farmers and families in rural Kenya after receiving a second grant from Comic Relief, taking the total received to more than £1.2million over four years.

Winter conception increases mothers' diabetes risk
Research led by the University of Adelaide has found that women whose babies are conceived in winter are more likely to develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy, increasing a range of risk factors for both child and mother.

Preschool education improves alphabet letter recognition, study finds
A new study from the University of Missouri College of Education has found that, on average, children who completed preschool make large improvements in their alphabet recognition skills compared to children have just begun preschool.

New LEDs may offer better way to clean water in remote areas
For the first time, researchers have created light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on lightweight flexible metal foil.

Black women more likely to be diagnosed with late stage breast cancer than white women
Black African women are nearly twice as likely to be diagnosed with late stage breast cancer as white women in England according to new analysis.

Flu vaccine's effectiveness can be improved, new findings suggest
A team of engineers and scientists at the University of Texas at Austin is reporting new findings on how the influenza vaccine produces antibodies that protect against disease, research that suggests that the conventional flu vaccine can be improved.

How mammary glands appeared in the course of evolution
Geneticists from UNIGE and EPFL demonstrated that the emergence of mammary glands in placental mammals results from recycling certain 'architect' genes.

PSU receives Grand Challenges Explorations grant
With an initial $100,000 grant, PSU Biology Professor Ken Stedman will pursue an innovative global health and development research project, titled 'Point of Collection Silica-Coating and Preservation of Stool' to adapt the technique he developed for stabilization of vaccines for use in stool samples.

Scripps Florida scientists discover clues to altered brain wiring in autism
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered that mutations in PTEN affect the assembly of connections between two brain areas important for the processing of social cues: the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala.

T-cell differences may reveal individuals' age, susceptibility to disease
New research from NIH investigators suggests that differences in T cells, may indicate an individual's age and genetic predisposition to disease.

SAGE Publishing and Perusall partner to support digital pedagogy
SAGE Publishing announces a new agreement allowing access to a selection of SAGE textbooks through the award-winning eBook platform and social annotation tool Perusall.

Popular heartburn medication may increase ischemic stroke risk
Heartburn drugs may increase the risk of ischemic stroke. Stroke risk appears to be greatest with highest dose of the drugs.

Global declines in adolescent childbearing related to national income, education expenditures
Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health found that an important explanation for declining rates of global adolescent fertility is rising national wealth and expenditures on education.

New insights into cause of phantom limb pain may have therapeutic benefits
Osaka University-led researchers showed that phantom limb pain can be reduced by changes in cortical plasticity and not by reconstruction of motor function, as previously thought.

Study finds wide variation in pricing for generic heart failure drugs
A research letter published online by JAMA Internal Medicine found wide variations in pricing for generic heart failure (HF) drugs at retail pharmacies.

Too stressed to make smart purchases?
The authors explored how multitasking -- typically talking on a mobile phone -- affects consumers' ability to perform shopping tasks successfully.

Study finds evidence of Deepwater Horizon oil in land-based birds
The ecological consequences of an environmental disaster can extend further than one may imagine as effects propagate through interconnected food webs.

Administering repurposed drug to treat TB via lungs vs. orally shows promise
Tuberculosis is responsible for more than 1.8 million deaths each year, according to the World Health Organization, yet there has been little significant improvement in therapies in the past 20 years.

New study shows LED lights attract fewer insects than other lights
New research by scientists from the University of Bristol has revealed that domestic LED lights are much less attractive to nuisance insects such as biting midges than traditional filament lamps.

Kindergarten vaccine rates vary widely in Metro Vancouver: UBC study
Children in some local health areas of Metro Vancouver have much lower vaccination rates than others, according to a recent University of British Columbia study.

Researchers create living bio-hybrid system
A big challenge in cognitive or rehabilitation neurosciences is the ability to design a functional hybrid system that can connect and exchange information between biological systems, like neurons in the brain, and human-made electronic devices.

Lewis honored by Sexual Medicine Society of North America
The Sexual Medicine Society of North America has renamed its Lifetime Achievement Award to honor Dr.

What factors are influencing electric vehicle purchases in China?
In 2014, the 74,763 new energy vehicles sold accounted for only 0.3 percent of total automobile sales in China that year.

Depression rates growing among adolescents, particularly girls
The rate of adolescents reporting a recent bout of clinical depression grew by 37 percent over the decade ending in 2014, with one in six girls reporting an episode in the past year, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.

Parkinson's disease patients benefit from physical activity
A comprehensive review published in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease confirms that people living with Parkinson's disease (PD) can benefit from being physically active, especially when it comes to improving gait and balance, and reducing risks of falls.

Mobile app behavior often appears at odds with privacy policies
How a mobile app says it will collect or share a user's personal information with third parties often appears to be inconsistent with how the app actually behaves, a new automated analysis system developed by Carnegie Mellon University has revealed.

Skillful cockatoos filmed making the same tool from different materials
Researchers from the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna and the University of Oxford have shown that Goffin's cockatoos can make and use elongated tools of appropriate shape and length out of different materials, suggesting that the birds can anticipate how the tools will be used.

China releases first report on biotechnology in developing countries
The first report on biotechnology in developing countries revealing an overall picture of their biotechnology growth and competitiveness was released on Nov.

EAST achieves longest steady-state H-mode pperations
Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak achieved over 60s fully non-inductive/steady-state long-pulse H-mode plasmas under radio-frequency heating and ITER-like tungsten divertor operations, which marks the first minute-scale steady-state H-mode operation obtained on past and existing tokamaks around the world.

Learn lessons from Europe climate monitoring to make Paris Agreement success, warn experts
Scientists have warned that high hopes for the success of the Paris Agreement could be dashed if lessons aren't learned from the challenges and experiences of climate monitoring in Europe.

A rising tide of heart attacks followed Hurricane Katrina
New Orleans hospital admissions for heart attacks 10 years after Hurricane Katrina were significantly higher than they were before the storm.

Research suggests 'missed opportunities' to prescribe drugs for stroke prevention
An analysis of the records of UK patients who had experienced a stroke has found that over half of those who should get drugs to prevent strokes were not prescribed them.

How cells die by ferroptosis
Ferroptosis is a recently discovered form of cell death, which is still only partially understood.

New study shows racial/ethnic variations in quitline reach among US smokers
Quitlines, hotlines that provide free cessation services for smokers, appear to be reaching minority populations that typically underutilize cessation treatments and have high smoking prevalence, particularly African Americans and American Indians/Alaska Natives.

Researchers find association between gene mutation and rare heart disease
A strong association between a genetic mutation and a rare kind of heart muscle disease has been discovered by researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

Crowdsourcing a better prostate cancer prediction tool
Prediction model published today in Lancet Oncology offers a more accurate prognosis for a patient's metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Asian-Americans are at high risk for diabetes but rarely get screened
Asian-Americans have a high prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes. Less than half of Asian-Americans who ought to be screened for type 2 diabetes actually get tested.

Earlham Institute receives supercomputing award for wheat research
The Earlham Institute has been recognized in the annual HPCwire Readers' and Editors' Choice Awards for their high-performance computing bread wheat genome project, presented at the leading supercomputing event SC16 in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Researchers develop way to 'fingerprint' the brain
The Carnegie Mellon University-led team used diffusion MRI to map the brain's structural connections and found each person's connections are so unique they could identify a person based on this brain 'fingerprint' with nearly perfect accuracy.

Study links groundwater changes to fracking
A new study has found heightened concentrations of some common substances in drinking water near sites where hydraulic fracturing has taken place.

The fruits of life
In a new international collaboration led by Professors Hong Ma and Jun Xiang, the authors performed a tour de force evolutionary study of Rosaceae fruits from the analyses of 125 flowering plants with large gene sequence datasets, including those of 117 Rosaceae species.

New bioinformatic analysis reveals role of proteins in diabetic kidney disease
A new bioinformatic framework developed by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine has identified key proteins significantly altered at the gene-expression level in biopsied tissue from patients with diabetic kidney disease, a result that may reveal new therapeutic targets.

Leishmaniasis infection on the rise in US ecotourists, soldiers
Leishmaniasis, a parasitic infection transmitted through the bite of the sand fly, is seen more and more often in the United States, due to ecotourism and soldiers stationed in Iran and Afghanistan.

Better definition of 'pre-diabetes' can help identify those at risk for complications
Defining pre-diabetes based on hemoglobin A1C, a common test that determines a long-term average blood sugar level, is the most accurate predictor of who will go on to develop long-term complications from diabetes, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Less sensitive temperature regulation a key to hibernation-like torpor
Using a combination of experimental data and mathematical modeling, researchers at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology have determined that the largest factor that contributes to daily torpor is reduced sensitivity of the thermoregulatory system.

For First Nations people, effects of European contact are recorded in the genome
A study of the genomes of 25 individuals who lived 1,000 to 6,000 years ago on the north coast of present-day British Columbia, and 25 of their descendants who still live in the region today, opens a new window on the catastrophic consequences of European colonization for indigenous peoples in that part of the world.

Three brain chemicals affect how we handle uncertainty
New research has revealed how three important brain signaling chemicals affect the way that we handle uncertainty.

Asian-Americans least likely to be screened for diabetes
Do Asian-Americans receive adequate preventative healthcare when it comes to being screened for type 2 diabetes?

Microbes in your gut influence major eye disease
Bacteria in your intestines may play an important role in determining if you will develop blinding wet age-related macular degeneration.

Prevalence, prognostic implications of coronary artery calcification in women at low cardiovascular
Among women at low risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, coronary artery calcium was present in approximately one-third and was associated with an increased risk of ASCVD and modest improvement in prognostic accuracy compared with traditional risk factors, according to a study published online by JAMA.

Cough virus kills liver cancer cells and hepatitis virus
A virus that causes childhood coughs and colds could help in the fight against primary liver cancer, according to a study.

Where can coral grow best? Florida Tech scientist researching optimal habitats
A state grant is allowing biologist Robert van Woesik to research how best to regrow coral along the 150-mile Florida Reef Tract.

Autism and human evolutionary success
A subtle change occurred in our evolutionary history 100,000 years ago which allowed people who thought and behaved differently -- such as individuals with autism -- to be integrated into society, academics from the University of York have concluded.

'Princess Leia' brainwaves help sleeping brain store memories
Salk researchers discover rotating waves of brain activity that repeat during night.

Scientists 'plug in' to circuitry behind sex in male fruit flies
Researchers from the University of Oxford have identified a small neural circuit in male fruit flies that has evolved to allow them to perform the complex mating ritual.

Dr. Linda Fried wins Inserm 2016 International Prize
Linda P. Fried, Dean and DeLamar Professor at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, will receive the 2016 Inserm International Prize, a scientific honor presented annually by the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research [Inserm], France's equivalent of the US National Institutes of Health.

Study: RA patients who smoke or are overweight see less symptom improvement with treatment
A study finds that smoking or being overweight makes it more difficult for patients with rheumatoid arthritis to achieve optimal control of inflammation and symptoms, despite standard of care treatment.

Biotechnology: A growing field in the developing world
A detailed new report surveys a broad cross-section of biotechnology work across developing countries, revealing steady growth in fields tied to human well-being worldwide.

UCI prostate cancer project awarded $1.2 million by state precision medicine initiative
University of California, Irvine health policy researchers have been awarded $1.2 million by the California Initiative to Advance Precision Medicine to develop more effective ways for prostate cancer patients and their physicians to customize treatment.

The mathematics of coffee extraction: Searching for the ideal brew
Composed of over 1,800 chemical components, coffee is one of the most widely-consumed drinks in the world.

Scientists devise more accurate system for predicting risks of new chemical products
UNC-Chapel Hill researchers have devised a new system that can save millions of dollars and years of development time for new drugs while improving safety.

Europe joins forces in cultural heritage investigation
Just as astrophysicists and physicists depend on telescopes and particle accelerators which are often shared by several countries to carry out observations and experiments, researchers into cultural heritage are about to share a network of facilities and equipment located across Europe in order to advance their research projects into preservation and restoration.

New hope given to women struggling to conceive
Southampton researchers have found new insight into why some women have difficulty falling pregnant.

Better childcare provision increases public support for the service
People's attitudes to childcare are shaped by the perceived level and effectiveness of the service, new research led by the University of Kent has shown.

Implantable catalyst against cancer
Assembling a drug from harmless components at the target location, such as a tumor, would help reduce the side effects of treatment.

Machine-learning discovery and design of membrane-active peptides for biomedicine
There are approximately 1,100 known antimicrobial peptides (AMP) with diverse sequences that can permeate microbial membranes.

K computer takes first place on HPCG benchmark
The K computer has taken first place on the HPCG benchmark, which was developed to assess the power of supercomputers to perform in a wide array of applications.

Poorer patients face malnutrition risk
Patients with chronic lung disease living in deprived areas are more likely to be malnourished than those from wealthier postcodes, a QUT study has found.

New protein provides critical link between aging and age-dependent disease
The discovery of a novel protein that links aging and age-dependent retinal diseases could lead to potential new treatments for conditions that cause sight loss in later life.

Structure of 'Iron Hammer' protein complex solved
An interdisciplinary research group from Goethe University Frankfurt, the EMBL in Heidelberg, and the Gene Center of the University of Munich (LMU) has succeeded in solving the structure of a central player in the process of translating the genetic code into Proteins.

UCSF Benioff Children's Hospitals and partners to receive $1.2 million grant from CIAPM
A team at the Oakland and San Francisco campuses of UCSF Benioff Children's Hospitals, UCSF, and UC Berkeley have been awarded $1.2 million by California Initiative to Advance Precision Medicine (CIAPM) to help advance precision medicine in the state.

Study provides insight into children's race and gender identities
New research from the University of Washington finds that children age 7 to 12 rate gender as more important than race -- but that their perceptions are both are a complex tangle of personal and societal influences.

A new way to image solar cells in 3-D
Berkeley Lab scientists have developed a way to use optical microscopy to map thin-film solar cells in 3-D as they absorb photons.

NIH scientists identify potent antibody that neutralizes nearly all HIV strains
Scientists from the National Institutes of Health have identified an antibody from an HIV-infected person that potently neutralized 98 percent of HIV isolates tested, including 16 of 20 strains resistant to other antibodies of the same class.

The aging brain benefits from distraction
As you age, you may find it more difficult to focus on certain tasks.

Yo-yo dieting dangerous even if you're not overweight
Losing and regaining weight repeatedly, known as weight cycling or yo-yo dieting, may increase the risk of death from heart disease among postmenopausal women.

Inhibitory motor control problems may be unique identifier in adults with ADHD
Young adults diagnosed with ADHD may display subtle physiological signs that could lead to a more precise diagnosis, according to Penn State researchers.

Depression during pregnancy is associated with abnormal brain structure in children
Depressive symptoms in women during and after pregnancy are associated with reduced thickness of the cortex--the outer layer of the brain responsible for complex thought and behavior -- in preschool-age kids, according to a new study published in Biological Psychiatry.

Fragmentation and Divergence
This series of intersecting studies examines, from a human and social sciences perspective, the key issues confronting the present globalizing world characterized, in apparent contradiction, by fragmentation and subsequent divergence of values.

Replacing professional nurses with nursing assistants linked to heightened death risk
Replacing professionally qualified nurses with lower skilled nursing assistants is linked to a heightened risk of patient death, as well as other indicators of poor quality care, reveals a large European study, published online in the journal BMJ Quality & Safety.

How synchrony and asynchrony co-exist
Order and disorder might seem dichotomous conditions of a functioning system, yet both states can, in fact, exist simultaneously and durably within a system of oscillators, in what's called a chimera state.

Researchers question if banning of 'killer robots' actually will stop robots from killing
A University at Buffalo research team has published a paper that implies that the rush to ban and demonize autonomous weapons or 'killer robots' may be a temporary solution, but the actual problem is that society is entering into a situation where systems like these have and will become possible.

AgriLife Research team makes strides in fight against Zika
There's a war raging on a tiny battlefield and the outcome could well touch millions of people worldwide threatened by Zika and related viruses.

Salk Institute receives Charity Navigator's highest rating for sixth consecutive year
Only four percent of nonprofits receive top rating six years running.

Do extremely reddened quasars extinguish star formation?
New research, led by Frederick Hamann, a professor at the Department of Physics and Astronomy at University of California, Riverside, describes the discovery of a unique new population of extremely red quasars.

Appendicitis patients can safely leave hospital the same day of their operations
Patients who undergo a laparoscopic appendectomy can go home the same day of an operation with similar complications to spending a night in the hospital.

Springer launches three new book series in cognitive psychology
Starting in January 2017, Springer will add three new book series to its cognitive psychology portfolio: Computational Approaches to Cognition and Perception, SpringerBriefs in Theoretical Advances in Psychology, and SpringerBriefs in Psychology and Cultural Developmental Science.

Hospital admissions rising for elderly patients with Parkinson's disease
Although treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD) is significantly extending the lives of patients, these patients are now being admitted to hospitals at increasing rates.

Special brain activities while mother and autism spectrum disorder child gaze each other
Special activities in the brains have been discovered while a child with autism spectrum disorder and the mother are gazing each other by the utilization of special equipment based on magnetoencephalography applicable to both child and mother simultaneously.

Wide variability in generic heart failure drugs can make them unaffordable to uninsured
New research from Saint Louis University finds that the prices for commonly used generic heart failure drugs varies widely.

Unhealthy weight management practices associated with non-medical use of prescription drugs among adolescents
Investigators from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps have identified significant associations between the non-medical use of prescription drugs and unhealthy weight management practices.

Genes for speech may not be limited to humans
Mice use language but not speech, which is thought to need biological functions particular to people.

Three new species of miniaturized tropical salamanders are already endangered
An international team of researchers has completed a decades-long study of tiny salamanders found in the high-mountain forests of Oaxaca, Mexico, and concluded that they represent three new species of the enigmatic genus Thorius.

Cow goes moo: Artificial intelligence-based system associates images with sounds
The cow goes 'moo.' The pig goes 'oink.' A child can learn from a picture book to associate images with sounds, but building a computer vision system that can train itself isn't as simple.

Inactive patents: Innovate more, search less
A new patent search tool developed by engineers at Michigan Technological University makes it easier to discover and track inactive patents.

Stanford-led study finds people with Ebola may not always show symptoms
A research team determined that 25 percent of individuals in a Sierra Leone village were infected with the Ebola virus but had no symptoms, suggesting broader transmission of the virus than originally thought.

Widespread evidence of prehistoric dairying discovered along the Mediterranean coast
An interdisciplinary team of scientists and archaeologists have discovered widespread evidence of prehistoric milk production in southern Europe.

Amputation risks highest amongst poor and black PAD patients
Poverty and black race are independently predictive of greater amputation risk among patients with narrowing of the blood vessels, or peripheral artery disease (PAD).

Deepwater Horizon oil shows up in sparrows
Scientists have identified the first evidence of Deepwater Horizon oil in a land animal -- the Seaside Sparrow.

James G. Arthur to receive 2017 AMS Steele Prize for Lifetime Achievement
James Grieg Arthur will receive the 2017 AMS Leroy P.

Time to tackle the UK's plutonium mountain
Research Chair in Radioactive Waste Management calls for UK plutonium policy to be re-examined to allow swift immobilization of UK's civil plutonium stockpile to maximize safety, security and affordability for UK taxpayers.

Bacteria discovery offers possible new means of controlling crop pest
A bacterium common in insects has been discovered in a plant-parasitic roundworm, opening up the possibility of a new, environmentally friendly way of controlling the crop-damaging pest.

Preventing adolescent substance use may need to start in early childhood
Research from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions suggests the approach to preventing alcohol and drug use by some adolescents should begin in early childhood. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to