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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | November 16, 2016


Louisiana Tech University professor elected to National Academy of Construction
Dr. Tom Iseley, professor of civil engineering and construction engineering technology and director of the Trenchless Technology Center at Louisiana Tech University, has been elected to the Class of 2016 of the National Academy of Construction.
How a Mediterranean-style diet may reduce heart failure in the aged
In mouse experiments, researchers have shown how aging and excess dietary fat create signals that lead to heart failure after a heart attack.
Acoustic buoy now detecting rare & endangered whales in New York Bight
An acoustic buoy recently deployed by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and WCS's (Wildlife Conservation Society) New York Aquarium is making its first near real-time detections of two rare great whale species in the New York Bight, including the highly endangered North Atlantic right whale.
Climate change may prevent volcanoes from cooling the planet
New UBC research shows that climate change may impede the cooling effect of volcanic eruptions.
Ultra-long acting pill offers new hope in eliminating malaria
BWH investigators and collaborators have created a swallowable capsule that can stay in the stomach and deliver medicine for up to two weeks or more.
New Johnson & Johnson Chair honors Susan Lindquist, role model for women in science
The Susan Lindquist Chair for Women in Science will advance the work of women who are leaders in biomedical research and role models for emerging female scientists.
IU led $1M NSF-funded smart-home effort to advance health and independence in older adults
As part of a $1 million grant from the National Science Foundation, Indiana University has received over $670,000 to establish 'HomeSHARE,' the first networked system of smart homes designed to advance research on older adults.
Severe dizziness treated with steroid injections into the eardrum
Injections of steroid into the ear are an effective treatment for a common form of severe dizziness, suggests a new study.
New software continuously scrambles code to foil cyber attacks
New code-scrambling software developed at Columbia sets a deadline on malicious hackers, effectively closing the window of opportunity for so-called code-reuse attacks.
Whole-fat milk consumption associated with leaner children, research finds
Children who drank whole (3.25 percent fat content) milk had a body mass index score that was 0.72 units lower than those who drank 1 or 2 percent milk in the study published today in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
A pig's life: How mood and personality affect the decisions of domestic pigs
The judgements and decisions a pig makes are governed by their mood -- whether good or bad -- and their personality type, according to new research published today.
Glowing tumors help Penn surgeons cut out brain cancer with precision
An experimental cancer imaging tool that makes tumors glow brightly during surgery has shown promise again in a new Penn Medicine clinical study, this time in patients with brain cancer.
How to stop human-made droughts and floods before they start
This study is a call for better understanding of the complex interactions between natural and human-made change in river systems.
Shell-swinging snails knock out predators
Researchers in Japan and Russia have found some snail species that counterattack predators by swinging their shells, suggesting the importance of predator-prey interactions in animal evolution.
Transcranial direct current stimulation shows promise for depression therapy
The painless technique may be a useful as a therapy for depression, especially in conjunction with antidepressant medications.
Microbes found on New York City ATM keypads mostly from human skin, food
Automated teller machine keypads in New York City have plenty of microbes but they're mostly from normal human skin, household surfaces or traces of food, according to a study published this week in mSphere, an open access journal from the American Society for Microbiology.
Controversial drug approval stirs deep concerns -- and hope
In September, the Food and Drug Administration approved Exondys, a controversial treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy based on tenuous data from just 12 patients.
Ant bridges connect shy tropical tree crowns
Tropical forest tree crowns don't quite touch, a phenomenon known as 'crown shyness.' To ants, shy canopy trees are like islands, and island biogeography rules apply.
Large forest die-offs can have effects that ricochet to distant ecosystems
Wiping out an entire forest can have significant effects on global climate patterns, altering vegetation on the other side of the planet.
Dry adhesive holds in extreme cold, strengthens in extreme heat
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University, Dayton Air Force Research Laboratory and China have developed a gecko-inspired dry adhesive that loses no traction in temperatures as cold as liquid nitrogen and becomes twice as sticky at 785 degrees Fahrenheit and nearly six times as sticky at 1891 degrees.
Next-generation biomaterial being developed to treat bleeding
Researchers at Mayo Clinic, Harvard Medical School and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are developing a biomaterial that has potential to protect patients at high risk for bleeding in surgery.
Study links mothers with rheumatoid arthritis and kids with epilepsy
A new study shows a link between mothers with rheumatoid arthritis and children with epilepsy.
eDNA in seawater samples could reveal status of deepwater fish populations
Environmental DNA in seawater samples may provide accurate information about deepwater fish populations, according to a study published Nov.
Lyndra scientists develop ultra long-acting oral drug delivery platform
Novel technology can be applied in fight against malaria and other diseases requiring oral sustained release, long-term drug dosage
TSRI researchers show how circadian 'clock' may influence cancer pathway
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute describes an unexpected role for proteins involved with our daily 'circadian' clocks in influencing cancer growth.
Gut-resident capsule may offer new weapon against malaria
A new capsule can reside in the gut to deliver drugs for weeks and possibly even months, offering a potential weapon against malaria and other diseases for which adherence to long-term therapy remains challenging, researchers say.
Moral values influence level of climate change action
Two moral values highly rated by liberals -- compassion and fairness -- influence willingness to make personal choices to mitigate climate change's impact in the future, according to a new multidisciplinary study by Cornell University researchers.
Tackling blood diseases, immune disorders
Harvard University has completed a license agreement with Magenta Therapeutics, a new startup company launched in Cambridge, for a portfolio of technologies with the potential to transform blood stem cell transplants from a 'treatment of last resort' into a safer, more efficient therapy for patients with blood diseases and immune disorders.
Public health heroes to receive national recognition the week of Thanksgiving
On the Monday before Thanksgiving, Research!America and other health organizations urge Americans to recognize public health professionals who are steadfast in their efforts to protect us from illness and injury.
Study reveals impacts of climate warming and declining sea ice on Arctic whale migration
Declines in the Arctic sea ice are arguably the most dramatic evidence of the effects of current climate warming on ocean systems.
What can Pokémon Go teach the world of conservation?
A new paper by a group of researchers from the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, and University College London (UCL) explores whether Pokémon Go's success in getting people out of their homes and interacting with virtual 'animals' could be replicated to redress what is often perceived as a decline in interest in the natural world among the general public.
Social media activism is driving corporate agendas
An INSEAD study shows the ways firms in tightly controlled countries are being pressured by cyber activists and how they should respond.
Scientists from the IAC discover a nearby 'superearth'
Researchers from the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias have discovered a 'superearth' type planet, GJ 536 b, whose mass is around 5.4 Earth masses, in orbit around a nearby very bright star.
New records set up with 'Screws of Light'
The research team around Anton Zeilinger has succeeded in breaking two novel records while experimenting with so-called twisted particles of light.
Brookhaven Lab to lead and partner on DOE exascale computing projects
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory are leading one of the 35 software development projects and partnering on one of the four co-design centers recently funded by DOE's Exascale Computing Project.
Winners of the 2016 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards
Consequential stories on important issues in medical research are among the winners of the 2016 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards, including a Swedish documentary that raised disturbing questions about the research conduct of a surgeon at the famed Karolinska Institute, a series in a small weekly newspaper that challenged claims of a local breast cancer epidemic, and a report that researchers at leading US medical institutions routinely disregarded a law on reporting of study results.
Groundbreaking study: Self-injection of contraception is feasible, acceptable in Uganda
Self-injection of the contraceptive Sayana Press is both feasible and highly acceptable among women participating in the first such research study conducted in sub-Saharan Africa, according to results published online by the journal Contraception.
Pessimism associated with risk of death from coronary heart disease
Pessimism seems to be a strong risk factor for death from coronary heart disease, while optimism does not protect from it, according to a study published in the open-access journal BMC Public Health that involved 2,267 middle-aged and older Finnish men and women.
Vitamin D reduces respiratory infections, says CU Anschutz study
Researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found that high doses of vitamin D reduce the incidence of acute respiratory illness in older, long-term care residents.
Scripps Florida scientists pinpoint regulator of amphetamine induced motor activity
In new findings that could have an impact the development of therapies for a number of currently untreatable brain disorders such as Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found, for the first time, that a specific signaling circuit in the brain is deeply involved in motor activity.
Study of college-age white men reveals cultural awareness deficit
In a new study presented during the 41st annual Association for the Study of Higher Education conference, University of Arizona researcher Nolan L.
New hydrogel can take organoids from dish to clinic
EPFL scientists have developed a gel for growing miniaturized body organs that can be used in clinical diagnostics and drug development.
Researchers receive Patent for Humanity award
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a portable device that can quickly and accurately detect malaria.
Tapia receives AAAS' Public Engagement with Science Award
Rice University computational mathematician Richard Tapia has won the American Association for the Advancement of Science's 2016 AAAS Public Engagement with Science Award.
Smoking electronic cigarettes kills large number of mouth cells
A large number of mouth cells exposed to e-cigarette vapor in the laboratory die within a few days, according to a study conducted by Université Laval researchers and published in the latest issue of Journal of Cellular Physiology.
Employment of more nurse assistants is associated with more deaths and lower quality care
Hospitals that employ more nurse assistants relative to the number of professionally qualified nurses have higher mortality rates, lower patient satisfaction, and poorer quality and safety of care, according to a new European study published today in the leading scientific journal BMJ Quality and Safety.
New AI algorithm taught by humans learns beyond its training
A new machine learning training method developed at U of T Engineering enables neural networks to learn directly from human-defined rules, opening new possibilities for artificial intelligence in fields from medical diagnostics to self-driving cars
Controlling bleeding disorders with fitted hydrogel casts
A team of researchers at Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Brigham and Women's Hospital, the Mayo Clinic and MIT provides proof-of-concept and first preclinical evidence in animal models that a shear-controlled hydrogel-based embolic agent can be delivered by catheters and injected into blood vessels to form robust and safe blockages.
Better cartilage map could help researchers improve engineered joint repair
Cartilage serves as a shock absorber for the human body, lubricating joints and helping them move smoothly.
Climate Resilience through Sweetpotato (CReSP) announced
CReSP was launched at the Global Landscapes Forum, the lead side event of the COP22 talks being held in Marrakech, Morocco.
New quantitative technique shows microstructural brain alternations in autism spectrum disorder
A new study found significant changes in white matter pathways in the brains of individuals with autism spectrum disorder using a novel technique called automated fiber quantification.
Indonesian fires exposed 69 million to 'killer haze'
Wildfires which ripped through the forest and peatland of Equatorial Asia in 2015 exposed a quarter of the local population of Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia to dangerous levels of air pollution.
GW researcher publishes review of new payment reforms in JAMA Cardiology
As conventional fee-for-service models become less viable, cardiologists will need to participate in emerging payment models, according to a review published by GW researcher Steven Farmer, M.D., Ph.D., in the Journal of the American Medical Association Cardiology.
A hawk's-eye view of raptor hunting
New research from The Auk: Ornithological Advances suggests that the neural processes underlying visual hunting behavior in hawks are similar to those in humans.
What makes patients more likely to land back in the hospital? Social factors play key role
When it comes to predicting which patients will end up back in the hospital -- costing their hospital a readmission penalty -- the answer is not as one-size-fits-all as hospital gowns, a new study shows.
Tibet's exiled Muslims show intricacies of culture, identity for refugees
Like the colorful, intricately drawn Tibetan sand mandala, Tibet is a rich cultural and religious tapestry that includes both Buddhist and Muslim communities.
RIT researchers fix Landsat 8 imagery, measurements with 'innovative' algorithm
Software developed by Aaron Gerace and Matt Montanaro, senior scientists at Rochester Institute of Technology's Chester F.
Where cells go: Mechanical and chemical cues collaborate to guide them
Living cells respond to biochemical signals by moving toward those at higher concentration, a process carefully mapped out by biologists over the past several decades.
Two new lizards with 'heroic past' discovered in the Chilean Andes
Two new species of lizards have been discovered in the Andean highlands of Southern Chile.
Researching proinsulin misfolding to understand diabetes
Researchers at the University of Michigan are going down to the molecular level of diabetes to try to determine what makes cells in the diabetic pancreas less efficient in generating insulin molecules.
Distant star is roundest object ever observed in nature
Scientists measure the shape of a pulsating star with unprecedented precision.
Marijuana could help treat drug addiction, mental health
Using marijuana could help some alcoholics and people addicted to opioids kick their habits, a UBC study has found.
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology receives Grand Challenges Explorations Grant
The Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology is a Grand Challenges Explorations winner, an initiative funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
Nepalese porters do it the hard way
Nepalese porters carry the most extreme loads -- often in excess of their own body weight -- at high altitudes, but how do they do it?
New understanding of brain plasticity may lead to novel treatment approaches
A growing understanding of the highly 'plastic,' changeable nature of the brain -- from the level of DNA, proteins, neuronal connections and networks, up to communication across brain regions -- is driving the development of new therapeutic approaches to treat chronic pain, stroke, Parkinson's disease, and a variety of other disorders described in an article in Alternative and Complementary Therapies.
Some hog workers developing drug-resistant skin infections
New Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests that some workers at industrial hog production facilities are not only carrying livestock-associated, antibiotic-resistant bacteria in their noses, but may also be developing skin infections from these bacteria.
More human-like model of Alzheimer's better mirrors tangles in the brain
A new animal model developed at Penn Medicine using tau tangles isolated from the brains of Alzheimer's patients rather than synthetic tau tangles paints a closer picture of the tau pathology in the AD brain.
Solar smart window could offer privacy and light control on demand (video)
Smart windows get darker to filter out the sun's rays on bright days, and turn clear on cloudy days to let more light in.
Pluto follows its cold, cold heart
Pluto's 'heart' may be cold as ice, but it's in the right place, according to research by University of Arizona scientists who believe the iconic region of frozen ice may have shifted its location -- and dragged the entire planet with it.
Chronically ill women underusing online self-care resources, study shows
Barriers to internet use may be preventing chronically ill middle-aged and older women from being as healthy as they otherwise could be.
UTSW reports highest-resolution model to date of brain receptor behind marijuana's high
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center report the most detailed 3-D structure to date of the brain receptor that binds and responds to the chemical at the root of marijuana's high.
Open refereed paper reveals how to study unstable radioactive nuclei's dual traits
Radioactive nuclides, found within an atom's core, all share a common feature: they have too many or too few neutrons to be stable.
Cholesterol important for signal transmission in cells
Cholesterol can bind important molecules into pairs, enabling human cells to react to external signals.
Bacteriophages cure bacterial infections
Phage therapy may be a solution to treating infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Tiny electronic device can monitor heart, recognize speech
Researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder and Northwestern University have developed a tiny, soft and wearable acoustic sensor that measures vibrations in the human body, allowing them to monitor human heart health and recognize spoken words.
Making spintronic neurons sing in unison
What do fire flies, Huygens's wall clocks, and even the heart of choir singers, have in common?
HC-based NGS impacts treatment decisions in lung cancer patients with adenocarcinoma
The use of hybrid capture-based next-generation sequencing to identify targetable oncogenic drivers in patients with lung adenocarcinoma results in the detection of genomic alterations not identified in routine screening, and impacts treatment decisions and clinical outcomes.
Out in the rural: A Mississippi health center and its war on poverty
Historian and Author Thomas J. Ward Jr. will be joined by Dr.
Tooth wear patterns suggest Paranthropus early hominins had softer diets than expected
Analysis of wear patterns on fossil teeth from East African hominins suggests the diets of Paranthropus aethiopicus and Paranthropus boisei were softer than had been thought, according to a study published Nov.
LSU Health New Orleans reports innovations in defining sources of GI bleeding
A team of physicians at LSU Health New Orleans has found that endoscopy combined with the administration of antiplatelet or anticoagulant agents is a safe and effective technique for identifying hidden sources of gastrointestinal bleeding.
Particle physicist William Shepherd receives prestigious Sofja Kovalevskaja Award
Together with six other award winners, particle physicist Dr. William Shepherd received the highly endowed Sofja Kovalevskaja Award of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Berlin yesterday.
IVF online calculator predicts individualized chances of couples having a baby
Writing in The BMJ today, researchers describe a new calculator that has been developed to estimate the individualized chances of couples having a baby, both before and after first IVF treatment, and over multiple cycles.
Allergies during pregnancy contribute to changes in the brains of rat offspring
A new study in rats could begin to explain why allergies during pregnancy are linked to higher risks for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism in children.
Nanopolymer-modified protein array can pinpoint hard-to-find cancer biomarker
A Purdue University biochemist has developed a novel method for detecting certain types of proteins that serve as indicators for cancer and other diseases.
Experts explore federal agency collaborations to close Alzheimer's research gaps
The ACT-AD Coalition's Ninth Annual FDA/Alzheimer's Disease Allies Meeting featured presentations and discussions about the most recent Alzheimer's disease research, treatments, and clinical trials.
Improving cryopreservation for a longer-lasting blood supply
Freezing and reanimating your body is still science fiction, but cryopreserving cells and certain tissues for future use is a reality.
New gene-editing technology partially restores vision in blind animals
Salk researchers have discovered, for the first time, how to place DNA in specific locations in non-dividing cells.
Pitt, Pfizer team up on health data analytics
The University of Pittsburgh and biopharmaceutical company Pfizer Inc. have announced a partnership to develop a computational model that will help identify the drivers of schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, and related brain diseases and enable researchers to better understand and treat the diseases.
First-ever study shows e-cigarettes cause damage to gum tissue
A University of Rochester Medical Center study suggests that electronic cigarettes are as equally damaging to gums and teeth as conventional cigarettes.
Visualization of the behavior of sugar transport proteins
A group of researchers at Osaka University clarified the role of a N-glycan chain on glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) by developing a method for visualizing intracellular trafficking of proteins.
A father's influence makes for better grades
The warmth of a father's love has a special influence on young people, and makes them feel optimistic and determined to strive for greater things.
Looking for a city's DNA? Try its ATMs
Automated teller machine keypads in New York City hold microbes from human skin, household surfaces, or traces of food, a study by researchers at New York University has found.
UK study to help chronic pain sufferers back to work
Researchers from the University of Warwick's Medical School are leading a novel study to explore ways of helping people with chronic pain back to work.
Dusa McDuff and Dietmar Salamon to receive 2017 AMS Steele Prize for Exposition
Dusa McDuff and Dietmar Salamon will receive the 2017 AMS Leroy P.
Discovery of neurotransmission gene may permit early detection of Alzheimer's disease
A new Tel Aviv University study has identified a gene coding for a protein that turns off neurotransmission signaling, which contributes to Alzheimer's disease.
Efficient approach for tracking physical activity with wearable health devices
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed an energy-efficient technique for accurately tracking a user's physical activity based on data from wearable devices.
GW researchers receive $2.2 million grant to study HERV expression in cancer
GW researchers received a $2.2 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to uncover why certain cancer types increase whereas others are unchanged or even decrease in those with HIV infection.
BU faculty member recognized for excellence from the American Heart Association
Philip A. Wolf, M.D., professor of neurology and research professor of medicine (epidemiology and preventive medicine) at Boston University School of Medicine, recently delivered the American Heart Association 2016 Distinguished Scientist Lecture.
Psoriatic arthritis patients find condition difficult to diagnose and often misunderstood
Psoriatic Arthritis In America 2016, is a new national survey by Health Union of over 500 individuals suffering from psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
Nurse-led monitoring improves the care of patients prescribed mental health medicines
New research finds profile driven nurse-led medicines' monitoring helped in the earlier identification of Adverse Drug Reactions to mental health medicines.
Does interleukin-10 reduce age-related insulin resistance?
New research published online in The FASEB Journal suggests that the anti-inflammatory molecule IL-10 may do more than just reduce inflammation.
A slushy ocean may lie beneath Pluto's heart-shaped basin
Beneath Pluto's 'heart' lies a cold, slushy ocean of water ice, according to data from NASA's New Horizons mission.
No willpower required: Families adopt healthy behaviors through trial and error
Forgoing a reliance on motivation, families can adopt healthy behaviors -- eating better and exercising more -- by following a new approach that focuses on the redesign of daily routines.
3-D imaging of muscles points to potential treatments for muscle diseases and injuries
A new form of 3-D imaging of muscles has allowed researchers to 'see' inside muscle and trace long cables made up of a protein called collagen.
From NYC to Rio: NASA helps cities address climate risks
After Hurricane Sandy rocked the U.S. East Coast in 2012, the New York City government set out to repair the city -- and asked for NASA's help.
World's fastest quantum simulator operating at the atomic level
Kenji Ohmori (Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Japan) has collaborated with Matthias Weidemüller (University of Heidelberg), Guido Pupillo (University of Strasbourg), Claudiu Genes (University of Innsbruck) and their coworkers to develop the world's fastest simulator that can simulate quantum mechanical dynamics of a large number of particles interacting with each other within one billionths of a second.
Scientists discover heterospecific mating in spiders
Researchers from Slovenia and South Africa have discovered heterospecific mating in Nephila spiders, and have published their findings on Nov.
Owl-inspired wing design reduces wind turbine noise by 10 decibels
A team of researchers studying the acoustics of owl flight has succeeded -- through physical experiments and theoretical modeling -- in using the downy canopy of owl feathers as a model to inspire the design of a 3-D printed, wing attachment that reduces wind turbine noise by a remarkable 10 decibels -- without impacting aerodynamics.
New capsule achieves long-term drug delivery
Researchers at MIT and Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a drug capsule that remains in the stomach for up to two weeks after being swallowed, gradually releasing its drug payload over time.
New international recognition for professor Federico Rosei
Professor Federico Rosei, who is also the director of the INRS Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Center, has been elected a member of the World Academy of Art and Science for his outstanding contribution to scientific research and technological innovation in the synthesis and characterization of multifunctional materials and their integration in devices.
Getting stroke treatments to people earlier to prevent debilitating outcomes
Under a five-year, $2.5 million grant from the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, a team of University of Michigan researchers and community partners is embarking on a novel project to increase acute stroke treatment rates in the community of Flint, Michigan.
Food or nutrient restriction offers insight into cancer prevention and metabolic disease
Could limiting food intake be a valid treatment strategy for certain types of cancers?
JNeurosci: Highlights from the Nov. 16 issue
When you recite a phone number over and over while you search for a pen and paper to write it down, you're relying on your working memory.
'Beautiful accident' leads to advances in high pressure materials synthesis
Unexpected results from a neutron scattering experiment at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory could open a new pathway for the synthesis of novel materials and also help explain the formation of complex organic structures observed in interstellar space.
Chemical compound holds promise as cancer treatment with fewer side effects
Research published today holds the promise of new chemotherapy drugs that are potent without the harmful side effects frequently observed using the current generation of such drugs.
5-year WHO investigation: Treated bed nets still fending off malaria in Africa and India
Bed nets treated with a safe chemical killer still provide significant protection from malaria-carrying mosquitoes, despite the rise in insecticide resistance, according to a major study released today at the annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Mutation that triggered multicellular life altered protein flexibility
Just as a boat can be driven off course by a log in its path, a single, random mutation can send life in a new direction.
New biomaterial for preventing uncontrolled bleeding
Researchers have developed a rapidly deployable hydrogel that can hold its shape within a blood vessel to prevent bleeding, even in those who cannot form blood clots.
Mothers are made to feel guilty whether they breastfeed or formula feed their baby
New research conducted by the University of Liverpool shows that mothers can experience negative emotions such as guilt, stigma and the need to defend their feeding choices regardless of how they feed their baby.
Matchmaking for coffee?
By combining macadamia and coffee crops in a single field, researchers demonstrate a more weather-tolerant, productive, and profitable crop.
UTSA Commercialization Centers among national awardees of EDA grant funding
On Tuesday, Nov. 15, at Austin City Hall, US Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Economic Development, Jay Williams, announced major US Economic Development Administration investments for Texas and other states.
Physiotherapy treatment does not benefit ankle sprains
Physiotherapy given to patients with simple ankle sprains does not benefit recovery when compared to basic self management of the injury at home, reveals a study published by The BMJ today.
iPANDA: A novel approach for precision medicine and drug discovery on gene expression data
Insilico Medicine published a novel tool for deriving new insights from gene expression repositories: in silico Pathway Activation Network Decomposition Analysis (iPANDA).
Astronomers unveil 'heart' of Eta Carinae
An international team of astronomers has imaged the Eta Carinae star system -- a colossal binary system that consists of two massive stars orbiting each other -- including a region between the two stars in which extremely high-velocity stellar winds are colliding.
New analysis adds to support for a subsurface ocean on Pluto
A liquid ocean lying deep beneath Pluto's frozen surface is the best explanation for features revealed by NASA's New Horizons spacecraft, according to a new analysis.
It's how you splice it: Scientists discover possible origin of muscle, heart defects
Muscular dystrophies, congenital heart muscle defects, and other muscle disorders often arise for reasons that scientists don't fully understand.
What a twist: Silicon nanoantennas turn light around
Scientists at MIPT and their colleagues from ITMO University and the University of Texas at Austin have developed a nonlinear nanoantenna that can be used to scatter light in a desired direction by varying its intensity.
Charter schools enroll more girls, with boys more likely to leave
Charter schools -- particularly middle and high schools -- enroll a larger share of girls than do traditional public schools, in part because boys are more likely to exit charter schools, finds a new study by New York University researchers.
Women at greater risk for Zika infection due to suppressed vaginal immune response
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes discovered that the vaginal immune system is suppressed in response to RNA viruses, such as Zika.
Fast-cooking dry beans provide more protein, iron than 'slower' varieties
Beans are a versatile, inexpensive staple that can boost essential nutrients in a diet, especially for people in low-resource areas where food options are limited.
Study finds arthritis drug significantly effective in treating Crohn's disease
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have shown that ustekinumab, a human antibody used to treat arthritis, significantly induces response and remission in patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease.
Novel method to identify illegal drugs, faster and with greater accuracy
For the identification of illicit drugs in forensic toxicological casework, analysis can be delayed and potentially compromised due to lengthy sample preparation.
Teen stalking victims: Analysis of consequences reveals disturbing trends
A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine surveyed 1,236 randomly selected youths and found that 14 percent of girls and 13 percent of boys were victims of stalking.

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