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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | November 17, 2016


Telemedicine program provides life-saving kidney care to patients in rural areas
A telemedicine program that partners a national dialysis provider with a rural hospital in Kentucky can surmount traditional barriers to deliver kidney care to rural hospitals.
Plants that soak up sun more quickly could improve crop yields
Researchers have identified a way to manipulate photosynthesis in plants to increase both their light-harvesting ability and biomass production.
X-ray pulsars fade as propeller effect sets in
MIPT's scientists were part of an international team of astrophysicists that used NASA's X-ray space telescope to make a first-ever observation of the transition of two brightest pulsars into a low X-ray emission mode.
Who knew? Ammonia-rich bird poop cools the atmosphere
Publishing in Nature Communications, atmospheric scientists Jeff Pierce and Jack Kodros present evidence linking ammonia emissions from summertime Arctic seabird-colony excrement, called guano, to newly formed atmospheric aerosol particles.
Liquid silicon: Computer chips could bridge the gap between computation and storage
Computer chips in development at the University of Wisconsin-Madison could make future computers more efficient and powerful by combining tasks usually kept separate by design.
Dressing up like a peacock: Bright colors by nanotechnology
Colors are produced in a variety of ways. The best known colors are pigments.
Preserving donor lungs longer makes transplant more elective than emergency surgery
A new method which doubles the usual time donor lungs can remain outside the body can benefit patients, staff and allow retrieval of donor lungs across greater geographical areas.
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine: Donor lungs could be kept alive for substantially longer with new lung preservation technique
The length of time donor lungs could be preserved prior to transplant could be safely extended to more than 12 hours -- more than double the average 5-6 hour standard time -- without jeopardizing recipient outcomes, by using a combination of cold preservation and a new technique called ex-vivo lung perfusion, whereby the lung is kept alive outside the body and supported by a supply of oxygen and nutrients.
New technology detects COPD in minutes
Pioneering research by Professor Paul Lewis of Swansea University's Medical School into one of the most common lung diseases in the UK, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, has led to the development of a new technology that can quickly and easily diagnose and monitor the condition.
Improving veterans' overall health and academic success
About two-thirds of veterans using Veterans Affairs Department education benefits earn a degree or complete a certificate or training program.
Researchers examine how drug policy impacts HIV vulnerability among African-Americans
Researchers at the University of Louisville School of Public Health and Information Sciences have developed a tool for framing the relationship between policy, criminal justice practices and HIV-related factors that impact racial disparities.
Studies point to gene-based brain glitches in ill Gulf War vets
Researchers at the Minneapolis VA Health Care System have pinpointed genetic variants that appear to make veterans more vulnerable to Gulf War illness.
BAG3 protein plays critical role in protecting heart from reperfusion injury, Temple research shows
The inability of cells to eliminate damaged proteins and organelles following the blockage of a coronary artery and its subsequent re-opening with angioplasty or medications often results in irreparable damage to the heart muscle.
Does traffic-related air pollution increase asthma risk by stimulating immune mediated inflammation?
A recent study of 577 children living in Puerto Rico shows that residential distance to a major road (a marker of exposure to traffic-related air pollution, or TRAP) is associated with increased plasma levels of interleukin 31, a cytokine that promotes allergic inflammation.
Landmark project shows heart disease and arthritis risk raised by genetic changes in blood
Today in Cell and associated journals, 24 research studies from the landmark BLUEPRINT project and IHEC consortia reveal how variation in blood cells' characteristics and numbers can affect a person's risk of developing complex diseases such as heart disease, and autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, coeliac disease and type 1 diabetes.
Curiosity can predict employees' ability to creatively solve problems, research shows
Employers who are looking to hire creative problem-solvers should consider candidates with strong curiosity traits, and personality tests may be one way to tease out those traits in prospective employees, new research from Oregon State University shows.
Tracking the flow of quantum information
A Yale-led group of researchers has derived a formula for understanding where quantum objects land when they are transmitted.
Nutty stimulant revealed as anticancer tool
Arecoline was identified as an inhibitor of the enzyme ACAT1, which contributes to the metabolism-distorting Warburg effect in cancer cells.
Researchers identify missing links that connect human DNA variation with disease
A team of Cambridge researchers led by scientists at the Babraham Institute have discovered the hidden connections in our genomes that contribute to common diseases.
Salk Institute ranked #2 in world for life sciences collaborations by Nature Index
Global indicator of high-quality research tallies most fruitful scientific collaborations.
T cell channel could be targeted to treat head and neck cancers
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have discovered that an ion channel, active within T cells (white blood cells), could be targeted to reduce the growth of head and neck cancers.
Uncombable hair gene discovered
Some children suffer from completely tangled hair, which cannot be combed at all.
Coral genomes reveal how populations rebound after environmental catastrophes
New genome-sequence data show that Caribbean corals that have survived mass-extinction events caused by environmental change can rebound and expand their populations.
One state's temporary gun removal law shows promise in preventing suicides
A Connecticut law enacted in 1999 to allow police to temporarily remove guns from potentially violent or suicidal people likely prevented dozens of suicides, according to a study by researchers at Duke and Yale universities and the University of Connecticut.
Johns Hopkins scientists advance a novel urine test to predict high-risk cervical cancer
Johns Hopkins Medicine specialists report they have developed a urine test for the likely emergence of cervical cancer that is highly accurate compared to other tests based on genetic markers derived directly from cervical tissue.
BC scientists play major role in international effort to map the human epigenome
BC scientists and their colleagues from across the globe have made a major leap forward in understanding how the human body's trillions of cells develop from a single genetic template, and how those genes interact with the environment.
Hepatitis C virus tricks liver cells to sabotage immune defenses
The virus that causes hepatitis C protects itself by blocking signals that call up immune defenses in liver cells.
Women who have their last baby after 35 are mentally sharper in old age, study finds
A new study has found that women have better brainpower after menopause if they had their last baby after age 35, used hormonal contraceptives for more than 10 years or began their menstrual cycle before turning 13.
Research provides insights on the link between kidney damage and cognitive impairment
Kidney damage was linked with worse performance on tests of global cognitive function, executive function, memory, and attention.
Snake black market poses risk to humans and wildlife
The illegal reptile trade, including venomous snakes, could put wildlife, the environment and human lives at risk, a new study has found.
Bacteria communicate to ramp up collective immune response to viral threats
Bacteria can boost their own immune systems by 'talking' to each other, surprising new research from New Zealand's University of Otago shows.
Study reveals new information on how brain cancer spreads
Glioblastoma multiforme remains the most common and highly lethal brain cancer and is known for its ability to relapse.
Scientists discover how bacteria induce 'NET' release
Flagellar motility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the main factor required to induce the release of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), according to a study published Nov.
Ducklings 'maintain two separate memory banks of visual information'
Scientists from the University of Oxford have shown that newly hatched ducklings that are shown a substitute mother object with only one eye do not recognize it when they have only the other eye available.
The CNIO takes part in the biggest European project for the study of the epigenome
The International Human Epigenome Consortium publishes simultaneously a collection of 41 papers that contain major advances in the study of the Human epigenome -- 24 of which appear today in Cell Press magazines.
Corals survived Caribbean climate change
Corals in the genus Orbicella survived previous temperature changes in the Caribbean and may be able to survive future climate change events as well.
Texas A&M to establish premier stable isotope capabilities
A $1 million grant -- Stable Isotope Partnership for Ecology, Environment and Energy Research -- will help Texas A&M develop a unique shared mass spectrometry core facility.
Why raising good cholesterol may not always protect against heart disease
Good cholesterol is well associated with lower cardiovascular disease risk, but just raising high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels have produced disappointing results in recent clinical trials.
The role of physical environment in the 'broken windows' theory
For decades, the influential 'broken windows' theory has linked signs of petty crime to bigger problems in a neighborhood.
Dengue strains differ in rates of viral replication
Researchers test mechanisms explaining differences in dengue serotype and disease severity by statistically fitting mathematical models to viral load data from dengue-infected individuals.
Getting to bottom of crater formation
The first results of a recent drilling expedition at Chicxulub crater -- one of the only known craters on Earth with a well-preserved 'peak ring' -- reveal how it collapsed to form a complex crater.
More than animation: Software supports animated storytelling
Disney Research has developed new tools to help people use animation to tell stories by eliminating distracting details that hamper creativity, suggesting ways to fill holes in plots and assisting in the creation of virtual worlds where stories can play out.
Unraveling how a brain works, block by high-tech block
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University are imbedding building blocks with technology that may provide a clearer view of problems a child or adult may suffer due to developmental disabilities, brain trauma or dementia.
Glow-in-the-dark dye could fuel liquid-based batteries
University at Buffalo scientists have identified a fluorescent dye called BODIPY as an ideal material for stockpiling energy in rechargeable, liquid-based batteries that could one day power cars and homes.
About 1 million Texans gained health care coverage due to Affordable Care Act
Texas has experienced a roughly 6 percentage-point increase in health insurance coverage from the Affordable Care Act, according to new research by experts at Rice University and the Episcopal Health Foundation.
ACMG issues new recommendations for reporting secondary findings in genomic sequencing
ACMG has released a highly-anticipated updated Policy Statement, 'Recommendations for Reporting of Secondary Findings in Clinical Exome and Genome Sequencing, 2016 Update: a Policy Statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics.' The new, updated secondary findings list -- ACMG SF v2.0 -- includes 59 medically actionable genes recommended for return in clinical genomic sequencing.
Smoking may block some of the benefits of kidney disease medications
In a study of patients with chronic kidney disease, nonsmokers and smokers who successfully quit had slower worsening of their kidney function than those who were unsuccessful at quitting.
Malaria parasite evades rapid test detection in children
A malaria parasite with a gene deletion is able to avoid rapid test detection in asymptomatic children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Sleep apnea immediately compromises blood pressure
A single bout of sleep apnea impacts the human body's ability to regulate blood pressure.
Through grant & telemedicine, Boston Medical Center expanding access to epilepsy care
Boston Medical Center (BMC) has been awarded a three-year, $1.2 million grant from the Health Resources and Services Administration to expand access to high quality care for underserved populations of children and youth with epilepsy and related disorders.
E-cigarettes may harm teens' lung health
E-cigarette use among teenagers is growing dramatically, and public health experts are concerned that these devices may be a gateway to smoking.
Black and white to high-def: GOES-R to change weather forecasting
Scheduled for launch from Cape Canaveral Nov. 19, the nation's newest weather satellite, GOES-R, promises to revolutionize how researchers and forecasters see the Earth from space.
Brilliant burst in space reveals universe's magnetic field
Scientists have detected the brightest fast burst of radio waves in space to date -- locating the source of the event with more precision than previous efforts.
Method to create kidney organoids from patient cells provides insights on kidney disease
Scientists have developed a method to coax human pluripotent stem cells to mature into cells that go on to form the functional units of the kidney.
Cameroon's cholera outbreaks vary by climate region
For more than four decades, cholera has recurred in Cameroon, affecting tens of thousands of people a year.
DNA study unravels the history of the world's most produced cereal
Genome sequence of a 5,310-year-old maize cob provides new insights into the early stages of maize domestication.
Meet the unsung heroes of dung! Beetles found to reduce survival of livestock parasites
Scientists from the University of Bristol have found that dung beetles can help farmers by reducing the development and survival of parasites in cowpats that cause serious illness in cattle during the summer months.
Scientists design first reserve network balancing fishing benefits, species protection
Scientists have designed a marine reserve network to protect species threatened by overfishing while boosting fishing yields on nearby fishing grounds, resolving a long-standing global 'conserve or catch' conflict in marine conservation efforts.
Jefferson Lab's newest cluster makes Top500 list of fastest supercomputers
For the third time in its history, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is home to one of the world's 500 fastest supercomputers.
Study brings undiagnosed adults living with autism out of the shadows
For most of his life, Kevin Hughes has felt like an outsider.
Research examines challenges facing refugee artisans displaced by civil war in Syria
The impact of forced displacement on Syria's traditional crafts and cultural heritage, and the people directly involved in it, is to be analysed in new research undertaken by the University of Plymouth.
Large-scale cancer gene profiling is feasible but faces barriers
Researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and other institutions leading the largest genomic tumor profiling effort of its kind say such studies are technically feasible in a broad population of adult and pediatric patients with many different types of cancer.
Asteroid impacts could create niches for life, suggests Chicxulub crater study
Scientists studying the Chicxulub crater have shown how large asteroid impacts deform rocks in a way that may produce habitats for early life.
Ice is no match for CSU-developed coating
Researchers led by Arun Kota, assistant professor of mechanical engineering and biomedical engineering at Colorado State University, have created an environmentally friendly, inexpensive, long-lasting coating that could keep everything from cars and ships to planes and power lines ice-free.
New research clarifies why wounds heal more slowly with age
With age, it takes longer for skin cells to close an injury.
Students, teachers invited to 'Grow With It!'
Middle school students can experience the richness of science with real-world applications.
Study: Climate change could outpace EPA Lake Champlain protections
New research suggests that Lake Champlain may be more susceptible to damage from climate change than was previously understood -- and that, therefore, the rules created by the EPA to protect the lake may be inadequate to prevent algae blooms and water quality problems as the region gets hotter and wetter.
Tasting light: New type of photoreceptor is 50 times more efficient than the human eye
An international team of scientists led by the University of Michigan has discovered a new type of photoreceptor -- only the third to be found in animals -- that is about 50 times more efficient at capturing light than the rhodopsin in the human eye.
Oregon team says life in Earth's soils may be older than believed
Way before trees or lichens evolved, soils on Earth were alive, as revealed by a close examination of microfossils in the desert of northwestern Australia, reports a team of University of Oregon researchers.
Winegrape powdery mildew app goes global
Grape growers and winemakers around the world will be able to easily assess powdery mildew in the field with the help of a mobile application just released globally.
Study reveals workings of immune response to deadly fungal infections
Now that scientists understand what triggers key steps in the immune response to menacing fungi such as Candida albicans, they hope to develop ways to make it work better.
Molecular imaging hack makes cameras 'faster'
Rice University scientists introduce super temporal resolution microscopy, a technique to acquire images of and data about molecules that move faster than standard laboratory cameras allow.
Urgent need for innovation driving surge in funding, globalization of research
Governments looking to secure economic growth and sustainability are reforming old funding agencies or creating new ones, and pouring money into them.
Study finds reasons for accumulated stress levels more complicated than thought
African-American and Latina women have a higher accumulated stress level than Caucasians, but a new study found less than half the differences could be explained by expected factors.
High-fiber diet keeps gut microbes from eating colon's lining, protects against infection
When microbes inside the digestive system don't get the natural fiber that they rely on for food, they begin to munch on the natural layer of mucus that lines the gut, eroding it to the point where dangerous invading bacteria can infect the colon wall, new research in mice shows.
Sleep apnea may make lung cancer more deadly
A team of researchers from the University of Chicago and the University of Barcelona has found that intermittent hypoxia, or an irregular lack of air experienced by people with sleep apnea, can increase tumor growth by promoting the release of circulating exosomes.
Finally, a type of face that men recognize better than women
A study using Barbies and Transformers finds that men are better at recognizing Transformer faces while women are better at recognizing Barbie faces, supporting the theory that experience plays an important role in facial recognition.
Serious, highly drug-resistant infections increasing among US children
Highly drug-resistant infections are on the rise among US children, reports a new study published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.
Scientists explore how nutrition may feed mental health
Good nutrition has long been viewed as a cornerstone of physical health, but research is increasingly showing diet's effect on mental health, as well.
Disentangling the myth of the singing bushmaster viper with the help of tree frogs
Legend spread among both colonists and native Americans from the Amazon region and Central America has it that the largest viper in the western hemisphere, the bushmaster, sings.
Early childhood spending benefits don't fade away, N.C. study finds
North Carolina's investment in early childcare and education programs resulted in higher test scores, reduced the likelihood of grade retention and dramatically decreased the odds of special education placements through fifth grade, Duke Researchers have found.
New class of drugs holds promise for combating antibiotic resistance
A new class of drugs that combat antibiotic resistance has been discovered by a University of Oklahoma researcher and team.
Solving the riddle of putrid camel pee could aid millions affected by sleeping sickness
Trypanosome parasites that cause sleeping sickness break down amino acids to produce a metabolic by-product that suppresses the immune response.
Researchers identify pathway important for kidney function
Boston University researchers, in collaboration with Centers for Therapeutic Innovation at Pfizer Inc., have discovered a novel molecular pathway needed to regulate kidney podocytes -- special octopus-like cells that are critical in maintaining normal kidney function.
Another species of Varroa mite threatens European honeybees
A sister species of the Varroa destructor mite is developing the ability to parasitize European honeybees, threatening pollinators already hard pressed by pesticides, nutritional deficiencies and disease, a Purdue University study says.
Flash of invisible light helps astronomers map the cosmic web
A brief but brilliant burst of radiation that travelled at least a billion light years through space to reach an Australian radio telescope last year has given scientists new insight into the fabric of the universe.
Updated ASTRO guideline expands pool of suitable candidates for APBI
The American Society for Radiation Oncology today issued an updated clinical practice statement for accelerated partial breast irradiation for early-stage breast cancer.
3-D imaging technique maps migration of DNA-carrying material at the center of cells
Scientists have produced detailed 3-D visualizations that show an unexpected connectivity in the genetic material at the center of cells, providing a new understanding of a cell's evolving architecture.
Program may help increase numbers of live kidney donors
The Live Donor Champion program increased knowledge of live donation and comfort approaching others about live donation, and it boosted live donor referrals.
Shared epigenetic changes underlie different types of autism
Individuals with both rare and common types of autism spectrum disorder share a similar set of epigenetic modifications in the brain, according to a study in Cell.
Menopausal hormone therapy improves bone health
Women who undergo hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes can not only increase bone mass, but also can improve bone structure, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Neurons in the human eye are organized for error correction
Neurons found in the human eye naturally display a form of error correction in the collective visual signals they send to the brain, according to a new study in PLOS Computational Biology.
NIAID-supported study examines vulnerability of gonorrhea to older antibiotic drug
A new clinical research study seeks to determine whether a rapid molecular diagnostic test can reliably identify gonorrhea infections that may be treated with a single dose of an older antibiotic, ciprofloxacin.
Restoring flawed tumor vessels could lead to better cancer treatments
Researchers led by Peter Carmeliet (VIB-KU Leuven) have found a novel way to normalize the dysfunctional blood vessels that are typical for tumors.
Genetically engineered T cells render HIV's harpoon powerless
When HIV attacks a T cell, it attaches itself to the cell's surface and launches a 'harpoon' to create an opening to enter and infect the cells.
Crop yield gets big boost with modified genes in photosynthesis
Berkeley and Illinois researchers have bumped up crop productivity by as much as 20 percent by increasing the expression of genes that result in more efficient use of light in photosynthesis.
Scientists tweak photosynthesis to boost crop yield
Researchers report in the journal Science that they can increase plant productivity by boosting levels of three proteins involved in photosynthesis.
Chemical origami yields new plant compounds with therapeutic and economic potential
A PNAS study focuses on triterpenes, a large group of plant natural products with a range of biological functions and potential uses in medicine (for example, as antimicrobials), industry (for example, as anti-foaming agents) and other fields, including a promising use as a natural sweetener significantly sweeter than sugar.
Virologists unravel mystery of late C20th gibbon leukaemia outbreak
The mystery of an outbreak of lymphoma and leukaemia in gibbon colonies in the US, Bermuda and Thailand in the late 1960s and early 1970s has been solved by animal disease detectives at The University of Nottingham.
Portland clean air efforts get boost from $250K grant
Portland State University's Institute for Sustainable Solutions has formed a new partnership with Neighbors for Clean Air and Lewis & Clark Law School's Northwest Environmental Defense Center to pursue cleaner, healthier air for all Oregonians, thanks to a $250,000 award from Meyer Memorial Trust.
Scientists discover method for sculpting how chemicals spread in fluid flows
Mathematicians from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and their team have created art of their own: a method that precisely sculpts how fluids spread chemicals as they travel to hit their target.
DNA evidence from 5,310-year-old corn cob fills gaps in history
Researchers who have sequenced the genome of a 5,310-year-old corn cob have discovered that the maize grown in central Mexico all those years ago was genetically more similar to modern maize than to its wild ancestor.
The cell of origin in childhood brain tumors affects susceptibility to therapy
Children that are diagnosed with the severe the brain tumor malignant glioma often have a very poor prognosis.
Study to examine use, understanding of advance care preferences in nursing homes
Do nursing homes routinely record the treatment preferences of long-term residents when it comes to questions such as whether they want cardiopulmonary resuscitation if their heart and breathing stop?
Optical clock technology tested in space for first time
In The Optical Society's journal for high impact research, Optica, researchers report on a new compact, robust and automated frequency comb laser system that was key to the operation of the space-borne optical clock.
Fear of gaining weight may influence contraception choices
Concerns about weight gain may be driving contraception choices, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.
Supercomputer simulations help develop new approach to fight antibiotic resistance
Supercomputer simulations at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have played a key role in discovering a new class of drug candidates that hold promise to combat antibiotic resistance.
GW dermatologist publishes survey finding fungal skin infections commonly misdiagnosed
Fungal skin infections may be commonly misdiagnosed, according to a survey published by a George Washington University dermatologist in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
Van Andel Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai awarded National Cancer Institute grant for epigenomic data analysis
Van Andel Research Institute (VARI), in collaboration with Cedars-Sinai, has received a $2.5 million, five-year grant from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, that will fuel efforts by investigators to uncover the underpinnings of cancer, ultimately helping scientists develop better diagnostic and treatment strategies for a class of diseases that claim more than eight million lives each year worldwide.
Study links health literacy to higher levels of health insurance coverage
The federal Affordable Care Act is intended to make it easier for individuals to buy health insurance, but are the uninsured equipped to navigate the choices faced in the insurance marketplace?
How the heart turns into bone
Connective tissue cells in the heart turn into bone-producing cells in response to injury, UCLA scientists report Nov.
New study explains mysterious source of greenhouse gas methane in the ocean
For decades, marine chemists have faced an elusive paradox. The surface waters of the world's oceans are supersaturated with the greenhouse gas methane, yet most species of microbes that can generate the gas can't survive in oxygen-rich surface waters.
Men's brains are found to be more greedy than women's
It has long been known to science that women find it easier than men to multitask and switch between tasks.
Epilepsy -- why do seizures sometimes continue after surgery?
New research from the University of Liverpool, published in the journal Brain, has highlighted the potential reasons why many patients with severe epilepsy still continue to experience seizures even after surgery.
Kidney failure patients' advance directives are often inadequate
In a recent study, nearly half of kidney failure patients receiving dialysis had advance directives outlining their preferences related to end-of-life care, but only a very small minority of these directives addressed the management of dialysis.
'Unraveling Zika': Join UNC School of Medicine experts for panel discussion, Q&A
Do you have questions about the Zika virus and how it spreads?
New 'smart metal' technology to keep bridge operational in next big quake
A bridge that bends in an strong earthquake and not only remains standing, but remains usable is making its debut in its first real-world application as part of a new exit bridge ramp on a busy downtown Seattle highway.
Knowing your fitness number predicts your risk for future ill health
Despite its high value in assessment of risk, fitness is not routinely measured in clinical practice.
Scientists develop new mouse model to aid Zika virus research
Researchers have developed a new mouse model that could be used in Zika research to better understand the virus and find new treatments, according to a study published in PLOS Pathogens.
An artificial pathway for turning carbon dioxide into useful products
Researchers have developed a synthetic pathway to 'fix' carbon dioxide -- converting it into organic compounds -- more quickly than can be achieved by plants.
How much warmer has Hong Kong's urban area become during the past 4 decades?
Hong Kong's urban mean air temperature has increased by 0.169°C per decade over the past four decades.
Discovering what keeps cellular cargo on track
Michigan State University researchers, for the first time, have identified how plants' largest cell factory moves to maintain vital functions, which could lead to advances in improving plant cells' critical functions and growing better crops.
Low blood glucose levels in hospitalized patients linked to increased mortality risk
In hospitalized patients, low blood sugar -- also known as hypoglycemia -- is associated with increased short- and long-term mortality risk, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Government invests a further £12.5 million in Greater Manchester's devolved health system
In a second boost for Manchester in as many months, a single city-wide bid has been awarded £12.5 million by the Department of Health to fund the cutting-edge research space, highly trained staff and specialist equipment required to develop and deliver pioneering new treatments across three NHS sites in Greater Manchester.
Tech would use drones and insect biobots to map disaster areas
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a combination of software and hardware that will allow them to use unmanned aerial vehicles and insect cyborgs, or biobots, to map large, unfamiliar areas -- such as collapsed buildings after a disaster.
Following the 'Tinman'
Scientist Li Qian, Ph.D., has forged an award-winning career at the UNC School of Medicine.
Reducing salt intake may help protect kidney patients' heart and kidney health
In patients with chronic kidney disease, dietary sodium restriction reduced albuminuria (an indicator of kidney dysfunction) and blood pressure, whereas paricalcitol (a vitamin D receptor activator) in itself had no significant effect on these measures.
Parents and parenting influence childhood cognition -- but public policy can help
In a study of factors that influence childhood cognition in the United States and Great Britain, researchers find that the role of parents is more important than far-reaching public policies -- but that public policies can make a difference.
Dormancy relief, storage protocols for uhaloa seeds
A study determined physical dormancy and evaluated dormancy relief methods for uhaloa seeds.
National study led by NYU Langone seeks innovative treatment for shingles of the eye
NYU Langone receives $15 million for a five-year research grant from the National Eye Institute to evaluate treatment for shingles of the eye.
USDA invests $1.2 million in aquaculture research
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced four grants totaling $1.2 million to support the development of environmentally and economically sustainable aquaculture in the United States.
Bright radio bursts probe universe's hidden matter
The detection of the most luminous fast radio burst to date brings new insights into the cosmic web between galaxies.
Support for democracy linked to income inequality
Voter satisfaction with democracy may have less to do with who actually wins an election and more to do with income inequality, or the gap between rich and poor, indicates a new study by Michigan State University political scientists.
135,000 alcohol-related cancer deaths predicted by 2035
Alcohol will cause around 135,000 cancer deaths over the next 20 years and will cost the NHS an estimated £2 billion in treatments, according to estimates from a new report by Sheffield University, commissioned by Cancer Research UK.
Older first-time mothers are also more likely to live longer
The average age of a woman giving birth for the first time has risen dramatically in the United States over the past 40 years, driven by factors like education or career.
How does the brain of people who do not like music work?
A new study by researchers at IDIBELL, UB and McGill University explains brain mechanisms associated to the lack of sensitivity to music and its evolutionary significance.
20 percent of US households think landline phones are an important telecom choice
The predicted death of the household landline telephone in the United States may be premature, according to a new RAND Corporation study.
Wayne State and Henry Ford present findings on ESRD and CKD
On Nov. 17, 2016, a Wayne State University doctoral student, Matthew Jasinski, will present results from his dissertation at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Nephrology in Chicago.
Can facial plastic surgeons correctly estimate age from a photograph?
The lack of scientific tools to translate perceptions - such as more beautiful or rejuvenated -- into numbers that can be analyzed is a challenge in the field of facial plastic surgery and it can get in the way of producing high-quality scientific publications.
Bridging approach to regulation needed to keep to e-cigarette innovations coming
A regulatory mechanism that allows for a bridging approach between different variants of e-cigarettes and other next generation products is required to maintain the rate of breakthrough innovations.
Estimating survival in patients with lung cancer, brain metastases
A new article published online by JAMA Oncology updates a tool to estimate survival in patients with lung cancer and brain metastases.
Beyond the DNA -- comprehensive map of the human epigenome completed
Scientists have established comprehensive maps of the human epigenome, shedding light on how the body regulates which genes are active in which cells.
Engineering a more efficient system for harnessing carbon dioxide
A team from the Max-Planck-Institute (MPI) for Terrestrial Microbiology in Marburg, Germany, by tapping the DNA synthesis expertise of the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), has reverse engineered a biosynthetic pathway for more effective carbon fixation.
Good news for kids recovering from complex pneumonia
In some good news for families of children recovering from complex pneumonia, doctors recommend in a study published by Pediatrics it's better to send kids home from the hospital with oral instead of intravenous antibiotics.
Discovery opens door to new Alzheimer's treatments
Australian researchers have shed new light on the nerve cell processes that lead to Alzheimer's disease, overturning previously held ideas of how the disease develops and opening the door to new treatment options that could halt or slow its progression.
Insurers use high drug costs to deter some Obamacare patients, economist says
An economist at the University of Texas at Austin will brief members of Congress on how insurers are using high out-of-pocket prescription drug costs to deter certain chronically ill patients from joining their plans in the individual markets.
Reducing unnecessary testing of UTIs improves patient care, saves resources
Many hospital patients may be unnecessarily tested, and treated, for catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.
Environmental cooperation in 1970s helped ease Cold War tensions
Scientific cooperation to address concerns about the environment helped to foster détente between the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1970s, NYU's Rachel Rothschild concludes in a newly published paper.
Secrets in the soil
New research shows that a combination of beneficial soil microbes can boost infected plants' natural defenses and help them recover from disease and contamination.
Closing tech gaps can fortify advanced manufacturing, save $100 billion
To spur significant innovation and growth in advanced manufacturing, as well as save over $100 billion annually, US industry must rectify currently unmet needs for measurement science and 'proof-of-concept' demonstrations of emerging technologies.

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#530 Why Aren't We Dead Yet?
We only notice our immune systems when they aren't working properly, or when they're under attack. How does our immune system understand what bits of us are us, and what bits are invading germs and viruses? How different are human immune systems from the immune systems of other creatures? And is the immune system so often the target of sketchy medical advice? Those questions and more, this week in our conversation with author Idan Ben-Barak about his book "Why Aren't We Dead Yet?: The Survivor’s Guide to the Immune System".