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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | November 18, 2016


UMass receives $2.3 million from NIH to address health disparities in African-American men
UMass Amherst researchers have been awarded a five-year, $2.3 million federal grant to study and build upon the success of an innovative program in Springfield, MA to improve the health of low-income African-American men.
UTMB study offers new insight into how Alzheimer's disease begins
A new study from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston offers important insight into how Alzheimer's disease begins within the brain.
UTMB researchers create powerful new tools to combat Zika
New research from the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, in collaboration with Southwest University in Chongqing, China and the University of Leuven in Belgium, have developed a way to replicate the basic structure of the Zika virus, stripping it of the genes that make the virus infectious.
Andras Vasy to receive 2017 AMS Bôcher Prize
Andras Vasy will receive the 2017 AMS Bôcher Prize for his fundamental paper 'Microlocal analysis of asymptotically hyperbolic and Kerr-de Sitter spaces.'
For some older Chinese-Americans, caring for grandkids can enhance well-being
'Caring for grandchildren can be a burden, a blessing, or both.
Last-line antibiotics are failing
The ECDC's latest data on antimicrobial resistance and consumption shows that in 2015, antibiotic resistance continued to increase for most bacteria and antibiotics under surveillance.
Palliative care may mean fewer difficult transitions for older adults nearing end of life
A team of researchers decided to examine whether palliative care could make life easier for older adults with serious illnesses who live in nursing homes, especially as they neared the end of their lives.
NYU research: Multiple chronic conditions, hospitalizations w/long-term care recipients
Older recipients of long-term services and support who live with a combination of cardiac and pulmonary conditions have elevated risk for hospitalizations; new care management strategies are needed to prevent costly, debilitating hospitalizations
NASA nears finish line of annual study of changing Antarctic ice
Operation IceBridge, NASA's airborne survey of changes in polar ice, is closing in on the end of its eighth consecutive Antarctic deployment, and will likely tie its 2012 campaign record for the most research flights carried out during a single Antarctic season.
Zebrafish as an animal model to study the effects of endocrine disruptors
Water is vital for our survival. However, water quality is always a concern for public health authorities as it may contain diverse environmental pollutants, including endocrine disrupting chemicals.
A novel catalyst design opens possibility to hydrogen vehicle
A recent research, affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology has developed 'Silica-Protective-Layer' strategy for high performance hydrogen fuel cell catalyst.
Upsalite® inhibits bacteria without penicillin
The mesoporous material Upsalite® is shown to inhibit growth of bacteria associated with acne and hospital acquired infections.
APOL1 linked to reduced nephrocyte function, increased cell size, accelerated cell death
A Children's National Health System research team has uncovered a novel process by which the gene APOL1 contributes to renal disease, according to a paper published Nov.
UNIST researchers named to Thomson Reuters' list of highly cited scientists
Two faculty members at Ulsan National Science and Technology are some of the the world's most highly cited researchers in the sciences and social sciences, according to the new Thomson-Reuters list published online this month.
UNIST researchers turn waste gas into road-ready diesel fuel
A new study, affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea has presented new ways to produce road-ready diesel fuel from carbon dioxide.
The American Society of Nephrology honors leader in the fight against kidney disease
Amit X. Garg, MD, PhD will be presented with the ASN-AHA Young Investigator Award during ASN Kidney Week 2016, the world's premier nephrology meeting where more than 13,000 kidney health professionals from around the world will gather in Chicago, IL from Nov.
NASA analyzes heavy rainfall over Hispaniola
Slow moving frontal systems draped over Hispaniola and a tropical wave recently caused heavy rainfall that led to wide spread flooding over the northern Dominican Republic.
Toddlers with autism don't avoid eye contact, but do miss its significance
Marcus Autism Center researchers studied eye movements in 2-year-olds with and without autism.
How much attention do drivers need to pay?
MiRA, which takes a systems view of the driver in the context of the environment, represents a step toward the detection and classification of inattention.
Outreach to cirrhosis patients doubles early screening rates for deadly liver cancer
Proactive outreach to cirrhosis patients in a safety net health system successfully doubled their screening rates for liver cancer, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers found.
Implementation science looks to eHealth technology to enhance doctor-patient relationship
Rehabilitation medicine, with its long history of use of technology, is a model for positive ways to incorporate technology to enhance the doctor-physician relationship across the spectrum of medical care specialties.
Giant 'great valley' found on Mercury
A giant valley on the planet Mercury makes the Grand Canyon look tiny by comparison.
Weight loss may help prevent multiple myeloma
Carrying extra weight increases a person's risk that a benign blood disorder will develop into multiple myeloma, a blood cancer.
Precut salad may encourage growth of Salmonella
A new study from the University of Leicester shows that small amounts of damage to salad leaves in bagged salads encourage the presence of Salmonella enterica.
ASN Foundation for Kidney Research announces campaign to guarantee research funding
The ASN Foundation for Kidney Research is proud to announce the public launch of its Securing the Future Campaign during ASN Kidney Week 2016.
'Freeze-frame' proteins show how cancer evolves
Scientists from Rice University, Baylor College of Medicine and other institutions are using synthetic biology to capture elusive, short-lived snippets of DNA that healthy cells produce on their way to becoming cancerous.
UF archaeologist uses 'dinosaur crater' rocks, prehistoric teeth to track ancient humans
Where's the best place to start when retracing the life of a person who lived 4,000 years ago?
A new understanding of metastability clears path for next-generation materials
Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have published a new study that, for the first time, explicitly quantifies the thermodynamic scale of metastability for almost 30,000 known materials.
Soybean plants with fewer leaves yield more
Using computer model simulations, scientists have predicted that modern soybean crops produce more leaves than they need to the detriment of yield -- a problem made worse by rising atmospheric carbon dioxide.
Reflux and ulcer medications linked to kidney stones and chronic kidney disease
Individuals who took proton pump inhibitors or histamine receptor-2 blockers for heartburn, acid reflux, or ulcers had elevated risks of developing kidney stones.
Simple saliva test may help clinicians diagnose kidney disease
A dipstick test for salivary urea nitrogen was accurate for diagnosing kidney disease in adults in Malawi, Africa.
Storing carbon dioxide underground by turning it into rock
In November, the Paris Climate Agreement goes into effect to reduce global carbon emissions.
Dissecting bacterial infections at the single-cell level
Technological advances are making the analysis of single bacterial infected human cells feasible, Würzburg researchers have used this technology to provide new insight into the Salmonella infection process.
Staying socially active can slow decline in older adults' ability to function
Recently, a group of researchers from the Nara Medical University in Japan examined whether or not participation in social activities could affect an older adult's ability to function.
How thinking about behavior differently can lead to happier FASD families
A new study from the University of Rochester sheds light on how parents and caregivers of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders can best help their kids, and at the same time, maintain peace at home and at school.
NYU Dentistry awarded $1.9 million from NIDDK for osteoporosis drug research and development
The federally funded grant will support bench research aimed at understanding how the protein hormone, parathyroid hormone-a related protein-and a drug analog that mimics the protein called abaloparatide, interact in the surface of a cell in bone and affect bone formation and breakdown.
Multinational study finds high rates of acute kidney injury in children admitted to ICUs
One of every four children admitted to pediatric intensive care units around the world develops acute kidney injury, which increases the risk of death as well as longer and more intensive hospitalizations.
How social media impacts consumer spending
For businesses using social media, posts with high engagement have the greatest impact on customer spending, according to new research from the University at Buffalo School of Management.
Decrease in the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics in Austrian dairy cows is necessary
A study on the use of antibiotics on Austrian dairy farms by the Institute of Veterinary Public Health at Vetmeduni Vienna showed that dairy cattle are less frequently treated with antibiotics than pigs and poultry.
Brain science -- building a framework for ethical and social aspects
Arizona State University collaborated with a group of key stakeholders in a workshop to develop guidance for responsible innovation in brain science advances and related emerging technology.
New book explores inflationary media's role in the Trump phenomenon
As the transition of power begins in Washington and the nation continues a collective discussion on the outcome of the presidential election, a new book is adding valuable insight to the dialogue through its exploration of the media conditions that allowed for the Donald Trump phenomenon to take place.
Worrying traces of resistant bacteria in air
Polluted city air has now been identified as a possible means of transmission for resistant bacteria.
A protein that defines the melanoma blueprint
The latest study of the Melanoma Group at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre describes the roles of CPEB4; a protein that is crucial for melanoma cell survival.
Mayo Clinic: Reversing physician burnout, using nine strategies to promote well-being
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have been documenting the rise and costs of physician burnout for more than a decade.
Protein points cells in the right direction for migrations in developing tissues
The stretching and growth of skin tissue during embryonic development in animals requires a novel signaling pathway involving CDC-42 GTPase to direct the movement of cells during migrations, report Elise Walck-Shannon and Jeff Hardin of the University of Wisconsin, Madison and colleagues, in a study published Nov.
Brazil has improved health care for all, but inequalities persist
A special edition of the International Journal for Equity in Health, co-edited by UCLA's James Macinko, highlights the beneficial role of Brazil's universal healthcare, which has improved access to care and health outcomes.
New research in Malawi will help to secure raw materials for green technologies
Pioneering new insights into why high concentrations of some of the most rare and desirable natural elements -- vital for the production of vital environmental, digital and security technologies -- have been revealed.
Preclinical studies involving resistance to antiangiogenic therapies
New blood vessel growth, or angiogenesis, is critical for cancer to grow and spread throughout the body.
New method helps identify antibiotics in mass spectrometry datasets
An international team of computer scientists has for the first time developed a method to find antibiotics hidden in huge but still unexplored mass spectrometry datasets.
FSU professor: 50 years of research fails to improve suicide prediction
In a new study published in the journal Psychological Bulletin, Florida State University Assistant Professor Joe Franklin and his colleagues found traditional risk factors -- such as depression, substance abuse, stress or previous suicide attempts -- were not good predictors of suicide.
Breakthrough offers greater understanding of safe radioactive waste disposal
A group of scientists from The University of Manchester, the National Nuclear Laboratory and the UK's synchrotron science facility, Diamond Light Source, has completed research into radioactively contaminated material to gain further understanding around the issue, crucial for the safe and more efficient completion of future decommissioning projects.
The key to a better mood for young men is a nut
College can be a stressful time for young adults as they figure out how to manage intense daily routines that include work, study and play.
Molecular 'pillars' team up to protect liver from toxic fat buildup
A new study revealed a surprising relationship between two molecules -- one that works to store fat and another that promotes fat burning for energy.
Fear of the unknown common to many anxiety disorders
Several anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and specific phobias, share a common underlying trait: increased sensitivity to uncertain threat, or fear of the unknown, report researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago.
An Archimedes' screw for groups of quantum particles
A scheme proposed by researchers from the Centre for Quantum Technologies at the National University of Singapore and their international collaborators that uses 'topological pumping' could move information about inside future quantum computers.
Protein feed and bioplastic from farm biogas
VTT has developed a solution for converting even small sources of methane-rich biogas into raw materials for animal feed or bioplastic on farms, landfills and wastewater treatment plants.
New quality control revealed in immune T cell development
Melbourne scientists investigating how immune T cells are formed have discovered a previously unrecognized 'quality control' step that may protect against autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis.
Asian Micro-satellite Consortium agreement to take effect on Nov. 18
The Asian Micro-satellite Consortium (AMC) marks a major step forward in establishing an unprecedented regional regime to develop microsatellite technologies and share and use collected data relating to the environment and natural disasters, etc.
American College of Physicians outlines advocacy approach in post-election environment
ACP has outlined its plans to address the implications of the 2016 US presidential and congressional elections.
New research finds avocado extract can prevent Listeria in food
A recent study published in the Journal of Food Science found that extracts and isolated compounds from avocado seeds can potentially be used as a natural additive incorporated into ready-to-eat foods to control microbes that cause Listeria, a foodborne bacterial illness that can be very serious for pregnant women and people with impaired immune systems.
Diaphragm much older than expected
The diaphragm is unique to mammals and our most important respiratory muscle.
NSU researchers to present at World Stem Cell Summit
The World Stem Cell Summit & RegMed Capital Conference has invited five faculty members from the Nova Southeastern University Cell Therapy Institute to present on their research related to advancing new approaches to cancer immunotherapy and regenerative medicine at the organization's 12th annual meeting.
Protective molecule sidelined in models of ALS
Scientists have identified a naturally occurring molecule that has the potential for preserving sites of communication between nerves and muscles in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis -- as well as a molecule that interferes with this helpful process.
Using light to map the circuitry of the brain
Chao Zhou, assistant professor of bioengineering and Yevgeny Berdichevsky, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at Lehigh University are exploring the use of a noninvasive, ultra-high speed biomedical imaging technology, known as space-division multiplexing optical coherence tomography to map the brain using light.
New research training group at Goethe University Frankfurt: 'Configurations of Film'
The first Research Training Group ever with a focus on film studies will be established at Goethe University Frankfurt.

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