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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | November 21, 2016


Greater efforts are needed to encourage patients to report adverse drug reactions
In a review of published studies addressing patients' perceptions and factors influencing their reporting of adverse drug reactions, most patients were not aware of reporting systems and others were confused about reporting.
Study finds key protein that binds to LDL cholesterol
A Yale-led research team identified a protein that plays an important role in the buildup of LDL cholesterol in blood vessels.
Research reveals insight into how lung cancer spreads
A cellular component known as the Golgi apparatus may play a role in how lung cancer metastasizes, according to researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center whose findings were reported in the Nov.
NSU optometry professor receives national award
The American Academy of Optometry recently announced Nova Southeastern University College of Optometry Professor Rachel A.
'Minimal' shoes may reduce running injuries
Runners who wear trainers with no cushioning and land on the ball of their foot rather than the heel put significantly less demand on their bodies, new research suggests.
Penn nursing & NY Blood Center receive grant to create women's HIV prevention program
The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) and the New York Blood Center, in partnership with local community consulting groups, have received a $769,578 grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to embark on designing an awareness program on the usage of the daily oral medication Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP).
Nitrogen-fixing symbiosis is crucial for legume plant microbiome assembly
New findings from the study of legumes have identified an unknown role of nitrogen fixation symbiosis on plant root-associated microbiome, which agriculture may benefit from in the future.
Decline in prevalence in dementia in United States between 2000-2012
Researchers reported a decline in the prevalence of dementia in the United States from 2000 to 2012, although all the factors contributing to this decline remain uncertain, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
Prevalence of Ph-like ALL in adults underscores need for genetic testing, clinical trials
International research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital shows the high-risk subtype Ph-like ALL accounts for almost 25 percent of ALL cases in adults and may be treatable with available targeted therapies
ASM Director of Education Amy Chang named AAAS Fellow
Amy L. Chang of the American Society for Microbiology has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
Ocean acidification study offers warnings for marine life, habitats
Acidification of the world's oceans could drive a cascading loss of biodiversity in marine habitats, according to research published today in Nature Climate Change.
The end of biotechnology as we know it
More than 400 attendees from five continents discussed trends and improvements in biotechnology at the European Summit of Industrial Biotechnology (ESIB) in Graz/Austria and talked many topics like a dehumanized research process.
Watching how plants make oxygen
In a new study, an international team of researchers made significant progress in visualizing the process how plants split water to produce oxygen.
Coordinated approach essential to care after ICU and hospital discharge, new research finds
New research published today in the British Journal of General Practice has found inconsistencies in the experiences of patients once they were discharged from hospital, following admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), impacting detrimentally on the continuity of care they received.
Researchers ask important questions on what happens to oil after a spill
Very little is known about what happens to oil in the ocean after an oil spill and what happens to it once a chemical dispersant has been applied.
The cost of feeling like a fraud
The sensation of being a fake in the workplace, somehow in a position beyond one's true capabilities is known as 'the impostor phenomenon.' This study shows how it negatively affects career prospects and productivity: those who feel like fakes, though high-achieving, tend not to fulfill their full potential.
USU Executive Associate Dean Lisa Berreau named AAAS Fellow
A respective inorganic chemist, Utah State University professor Lisa Berreau, named an AAAS Fellow, leads an active research program, which includes mentorship of graduate and undergraduate students.
New topical immunotherapy effective against early skin cancer
A combination of two topical drugs that have been in use for years triggers a robust immune response against precancerous skin lesions, according to a new study.
New research links genetic defects in carbohydrate digestion to irritable bowel syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects a large portion of the general population.
NEJM Group expands to engage with medical community in China via new digital platform
NEJM 医学前沿, produced in collaboration with Jiahui Medical Research & Education Group (JMRE), is the authorized digital platform for providing select content from NEJM Group, publishers of the New England Journal of Medicine and NEJM Journal Watch, translated into the Chinese language.
A good combination: Model and experiment for a deeper look
Doctors performing medical check-ups want a full picture of the patient's health without using the scalpel.
Schools environment associated with asthma symptoms
Do air-borne allergens in schools affect students' asthma symptoms?
Catching molecular dance moves in slow motion by adding white noise
If you could watch to a molecule of medication attaching to a cell receptor in extreme slow motion, they would look something like a space ship docking with a space station -- some twists, turns, sputters then locking together tight.
Fat-free mass index predicts survival in patients with Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Researchers have found that fat-free mass index, but not body mass index, was a significant predictor of survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a debilitating form of pneumonia.
Weather the storm: Improving Great Lakes modeling
Water and atmospheric processes are inseparable. Now, there is a supercomputer model that couples climate and hydrodynamic factors for the Great Lakes region.
Structure of human astrovirus could lead to antiviral therapies, vaccines
By studying the astrovirus capsid, the protein shell of the viral particles, the DuBois lab is laying the foundation for new antiviral therapies and vaccines for human astroviruses.
'Nice' women earn less than their more assertive counterparts
A new study from Tel Aviv University finds that the nicer, or more agreeable, a woman is at work, the lower her salary is likely to be.
Salk Institute awarded $25 million grant from Helmsley Charitable Trust
Donation builds on earlier historic gift to world-renowned research facility
Strange bedfellows: Dangerous link between driver distraction and sleepiness
Driver distraction combined with sleepiness creates a perfect storm when young people get behind the wheel, warns QUT road safety researcher Dr Chris Watling.
Only half of a chromosome is DNA, 3-D imaging study shows
DNA makes up only half of the material inside chromosomes -- far less than was previously thought -- a study has revealed.
For chimps, mothers matter 
A group of researchers has shown, for the first time, that chimpanzees learn certain grooming behaviors from their mothers.
How to monitor global ocean warming -- without harming whales
Tracking the speed of internal tides offers a cheap, simple way to monitor temperature changes throughout the world's oceans.
New, detailed snapshots capture photosynthesis at room temperature
New X-ray methods at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have captured the highest resolution room-temperature images of the protein complex photosystem II, which allows scientists to closely watch how water is split during photosynthesis at the temperature at which it occurs naturally.
African-American, white and Latino children have different food allergen profiles
Allergy and immunology experts at Rush University Medical Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and Ann & Robert H.
Large number of dwarf galaxies discovered in the early universe
A team of researchers, led by University of California, Riverside astronomers, found for the first time a large population of distant dwarf galaxies that could reveal important details about a productive period of star formation in the universe billions of years ago.
Sooner on your feet after hip fracture
An already available drug can help patients get back on their feet more rapidly after a hip fracture, according to an international study published in the Journal of Bone Joint Surgery.
Scientists tissue engineer human intestines and functioning nerves
Scientists report in Nature Medicine using human pluripotent stem cells to grow human intestinal tissues that have functioning nerves in a laboratory, and then using these to recreate and study a severe intestinal nerve disorder called Hirschsprung's disease.
Record-breaking faint satellite galaxy of the Milky Way discovered
An international team led by researchers from Tohoku University has found an extremely faint dwarf satellite galaxy of the Milky Way.
Enhanced nitrous oxide emissions found in field warming experiment in the Arctic
A new study from the University of Eastern Finland provides the first field-based evidence that Arctic N2O emissions increase when the Arctic is warming; and that hampered plant growth plays a substantial role in regulating Arctic greenhouse gas exchange.
Cancer in children adversely affects parents' income and employment
Having a child with cancer led to income reductions for parents and job discontinuation among mothers in a recent study, even after adjusting for pre-diagnosis sociodemographic factors.
Scripps scientists create innovative drug design strategy to improve breast cancer treatment
A new study by scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute offers a novel structure-based drug design strategy aimed at altering the basic landscape of this type of breast cancer treatment.
Schools remain a potential hotspot for measles transmission, even in the vaccine era
Princeton University-led research found that measles, one of the world's most contagious diseases, can spread in schools quickly unless vaccination rates are very high.
Scientist strengthens tools to track animal, ecosystem responses to environmental changes
By charting the slopes and crags on animals' teeth as if they were mountain ranges, scientists at the Smithsonian's Natural History Museum have created a powerful new way to learn about the diets of extinct animals from the fossil record.
Obesity in adolescence may cause permanent bone loss
Teenagers who are obese may be doing irreparable damage to their bones, according to a new study being presented next week at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.
What impact do medication errors have on nursing home residents?
A new analysis points to surprisingly low rates of serious impacts from medication errors affecting nursing home residents, despite the fact that these errors remain fairly common.
New sensor system predicts heart failure events before they occur
A suite of sensors can predict heart failure events by detecting when a patient's condition is worsening, according to John Boehmer, professor of medicine, Penn State College of Medicine, who presented the findings at the recent American Heart Association annual meeting in New Orleans.
US record high temps could outpace record lows 15 to 1 before
If society continues to pump greenhouse gases into the atmosphere at the current rate, Americans later this century will have to endure, on average, about 15 daily maximum temperature records for every time that the mercury notches a record low, new research indicates.
Most women unaware of breast density's effect on cancer risk, Uva. study finds
Most women don't know that having dense breasts increases their risk for breast cancer and reduces a mammogram's ability to detect cancer, according to a University of Virginia School of Medicine study.
FSU researchers talk turkey: Native Americans raised classic holiday bird
Researchers found turkeys were being raised and managed by Native Americans years before the first Thanksgiving.
Calculations predict unexpected disorder in the surface of polar materials
Research carried out by Dr. Marçal Capdevila-Cortada and Dr. Núria López (ICIQ) reveals the appearance of disordered structures in surfaces, affecting their properties.
Rice Professor Mason Tomson elected AAAS fellow
Rice University engineer Mason Tomson has been elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
New study reveals titin gene mutations affect heart function in healthy individuals
A new multinational study by researchers from Singapore, the UK and Germany has discovered that gene mutations in a protein called titin affect the heart function in healthy individuals.
Survey: 1 in 4 vacations includes a trip to the ER
A new national survey by Orlando Health found one in four vacations actually include a trip to the ER.
A new species of quillwort named for the US state of Mississippi
A new species of quillwort, Isoetes mississippiensis, has been named after the only place where it occurs -- Mississippi, USA.
OU professor recognized by AAAS as new fellow
Michael Kaspari, a University of Oklahoma biology professor, has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for innovative studies linking biogeochemistry to the geography of ecological communities.
Ants and epiphytes: A longstanding relationship
The first farmers on the Fijian archipelago were ants: For millions of years, an ant species on the islands has nurtured epiphytes, which provide them with nesting sites.
ATOMS device effectively treats male incontinence with high patient satisfaction
In the largest study yet to assess the long-term safety and efficacy of the adjustable transobturator male system (ATOMS) to treat incontinence in men following invasive prostate treatment, the overall success and dry rates were 90% and 64%, respectively, after a median of 31 months.
Sexism may be harmful to men's mental health
Men who see themselves as playboys or as having power over women are more likely to have psychological problems than men who conform less to traditionally masculine norms, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.
Archaeological excavation unearths evidence of turkey domestication 1,500 years ago
Archaeologists have unearthed a clutch of domesticated turkey eggs used as a ritual offering 1,500 years ago in Oaxaca, Mexico -- some of the earliest evidence of turkey domestication.
When turkeys explode (video)
The thousands of 'turkey-fryer explosion' videos on YouTube are a testament to why frozen turkeys and hot oil are an especially dangerous mix.
5 USC professors named fellows of prestigious science organization
Five USC scientists have been elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, an honor bestowed upon AAAS members by their academic peers.
Marine microalgae, a new sustainable food and fuel source
Taken from the bottom of the marine food chain, microalgae may soon become a top-tier contender to combat global warming, climate change and food insecurity.
As life expectancy grows, men still lagging
People worldwide are living longer, healthier lives. A study of mortality patterns in humans, monkeys and apes suggests that recent generations of humans have enjoyed the biggest life expectancy boost in primate history.
New study shows ocean acidification accelerates erosion of coral reefs
Scientists studying naturally high carbon dioxide coral reefs in Papua New Guinea found that erosion of essential habitat is accelerated in these highly acidified waters, even as coral growth continues to slow.
Targeted therapy drugs could radically increase the costs of leukemia treatment
A study by a Massachusetts General Hospital-led research team finds that, at current prices, adoption of novel oral targeted therapies for treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia could raise the treatment costs for the blood-system cancer in the US by almost 600 percent.
Computer modeling could lead to new method for detecting, managing prostate cancer
New research coauthored by BYU researchers may lead to a more accurate system for early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of prostate cancer.
Sunlight and oil spills may make deadly combination for wildlife
Contaminants called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from oil spills can be toxic to wildlife, especially when in combination with ultraviolet radiation from the sun
AAAS and Carnegie Mellon University College of Engineering announce 2016 Fellows
James H. Garrett, Jr., and Vijayakumar Bhagavatula of Carnegie Mellon College of Engineering have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
Cellular starvation kills treatment-resistant breast cancer
Cells from a vicious and treatment-resistant form of breast cancer, called triple negative breast cancer, die off rapidly when deprived of the nutrient cystine.
The decline in emissions also has negative implications
In large parts of Europe and North America, the decline in industrial emissions over the past 20 years has reduced pollution of the atmosphere and in turn of soils and water in many natural areas.
Beta-keratin discovery in bird feather fossil may help identify paleo color
A team of international scientists led by researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences reported recently the oldest fossil evidence of beta-keratin from feathers of a 130-million-year-old basal bird from the famous Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota.
Diet and exercise can improve kidney function in patients with fatty liver disease
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a potentially serious liver condition characterized by excess fat in the liver associated with inflammation and scarring.
Alzheimer's disease proteins could be at fault for leading cause of vision loss among older people
Research from the University of Southampton gives new insight into possible causes of Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of vision loss among people aged 50 and older.
Keratin and melanosomes preserved in 130-million-year-old bird fossil
New research from North Carolina State University, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Linyi University has found evidence of original keratin and melanosome preservation in a 130-million-year-old Eoconfuciusornis specimen.
Serving teens with special diets: A tricky Thanksgiving recipe
One in six parents say their teen has tried a gluten free, vegan, paleo or vegetarian diet.
Study reveals genetic explanation for cancer's higher incidence in males than females
In a new study, a group of Boston scientists, including researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, offer a genetic explanation for the age-old conundrum of why cancer is more common in males than females.
Patient care and safety are priorities for surgery residents who work flexible schedules
US general surgery residents are selectively making the choice to work additional hours when needed to manage critical stages in patient care, according to results from a national survey conducted as part of the Flexibility in Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) Trial.
Flavors influence appeal and use of most tobacco products, especially for youth
In the journal Tobacco Control, researchers report the results of a systematic review of 40 studies completed in the United States and internationally that looked at the impact of non-menthol tobacco flavors on consumers' perceptions and tobacco use behaviors.
Rockfish siblings shed new light on how offspring diffuse and disperse
A splitnose rockfish's thousands of tiny offspring can stick together in sibling groups from the time they are released into the open ocean until they move to shallower water.
Drug-caused deaths among health care professionals: New insights revealed
An Australian-first study conducted by Monash University has found that from 2003-2013, nearly five deaths per 1,000 employed Australian health care professionals were caused by drugs, with a significant association between specific professions and drug type.
AMP applauds FDA's decision to delay final regulatory guidance for laboratory-developed procedures
AMP applauds the US Food and Drug Administration on its decision to re-evaluate its proposed regulatory guidance for laboratory-developed tests or procedures.
Foreign beetle species recorded for the first time in Canada thanks to citizen science
With social networks abound, it is no wonder that there is an online space where almost anyone can upload a photo and report a sighting of an insect.
Blood test could predict best treatment for lung cancer
A blood test could predict how well small-cell lung cancer patients will respond to treatment, according to new research published in Nature Medicine today.
History of cells told through MEMOIR
A new technique called MEMOIR can record the life history of animal cells.
Five USF faculty members named AAAS fellows
Five of the University of South Florida's leading scientific researchers have been named to the new class of Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the world's largest and one of its most prestigious scientific societies.
Frontline attack against HIV infection is closer to reality
Researchers have made significant progress in the development of a potential vaccine to protect against HIV infection.
Two UC Riverside scientists elected AAAS Fellows
Two University of California, Riverside scientists, Howard Judelson and Jirka Šimunek, have been elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Researchers reveal new test for cocaine in urine and oral fluid
Chemistry researchers develop a simple diagnostic test which can identify the level of cocaine in a person's urine or oral fluid.
9 UCI researchers named AAAS fellows
Nine University of California, Irvine researchers in areas ranging from anthropology and psychology to computer science and biology have been named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest general scientific society.
X-rays capture unprecedented images of photosynthesis in action
An international team of scientists is providing new insight into the process by which plants use light to split water and create oxygen.
A(H5N8) risk to humans is very low
Eight European countries have reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N8) viruses in birds and poultry.
Study uncovers high prevalence of military sexual trauma among transgender veterans
New research found a high prevalence of military sexual trauma (MST) among transgender veterans and an association between the experience of MST and certain mental health conditions.
NIAID-supported scientists sequence, explore the genome of the river blindness parasite
Scientists have sequenced the genome of the parasitic worm responsible for causing onchocerciasis -- an eye and skin infection more commonly known as river blindness.
Plant compounds may boost brain function in older adults, study says
The same compounds that give plants and vegetables their vibrant colors might be able to bolster brain functioning in older adults.
Tennessee wine and grape industry experiencing strong growth
A University of Tennessee Extension analysis of the most recent data released by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics indicates that the Tennessee wine and grape industry continues to show strong growth.
Massive investment in future autonomous systems for industry and society
The Kempe Foundations have granted two years of funding for eight postdoctoral researchers in autonomous systems in a major investment at Umeå University in Sweden.
Wastewater research may help protect aquatic life
New wastewater system design guidelines developed at UBC can help municipal governments better protect aquatic life and save millions of dollars a year.
Sniffing out cultural differences
When two people smell the same thing, they can have remarkably different reactions, depending on their cultural background.
Opioids, NSAIDs no different overall for persistent pain after vehicle crashes
A new study finds that on average, the risk of chronic pain after a car accident was no greater among people given NSAIDs than among people given opioids, but those with opioids were more likely to remain on medication longer.
Drug and alcohol addiction treatment results improved when teens stopped smoking
A Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researcher has found that addiction treatment results improved when teens in a residential program stopped smoking.
Vitamin D supplements may benefit children with Autism spectrum disorder
Vitamin D supplementation improved symptoms of autism in a recent trial.
SVIN announces 'Stroke: Mission thrombectomy 2020'
The Society of Vascular and Interventional Neurology (SVIN) announced the launch of Mission Thrombectomy 2020, an initiative to enhance global efforts to improve stroke care worldwide by increasing the rate of stroke thrombectomy for eligible patients from less than 100,000 procedures today to 202,000 annually by 2020 and thereby reducing global stroke disability.
Kaiser Permanente study finds tailored post-hospital visits lower risk of readmission for Medicare Advantage patients
Medicare Advantage patients who had tailored post-hospital visits with primary care clinicians, known as POSH visits, were less likely to experience hospital readmission than those who did not have an outpatient visit, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Seven MD Anderson faculty elected as AAAS Fellows
In recognition of wide-ranging contributions to the fields of cancer prevention, patient care, and basic, translational, and clinical research, seven faculty members from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
BGRF scientists publish seminal paper and announce project to develop biomarkers of aging
The Biogerontology Research Foundation announces the international collaboration on signaling pathway perturbation-based transcriptomic biomarkers of aging.
Ottawa confirmed as the biodiversity hotspot for a subfamily of wasps in North America
While the typical association for a biodiversity hotspot includes tropical regions, pristine areas and magnificent forests, there are cities located in temperate zones that amaze with their diverse fauna.
Expression of specific gene differentiates moles from melanoma
A new study found that decreased levels of the gene p15 represents a way to determine if a nevus, or mole, is transitioning to a melanoma.
AAAS and the City University of New York announce 2016 Fellows
Dr. Ilona Kretzschmar of the City College of the City University of New York has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
El Niño conditions in the Pacific precedes dengue fever epidemics in South Asia
Researchers have found a strong association between El Niño-Southern Oscillation conditions in the Pacific to observed weather and dengue epidemics in Sri Lanka.
New solution for making 2-D nanomaterials
Two-dimensional (2-D) nanomaterials have been made by dissolving layered materials in liquids, according to new UCL-led research.
New clues emerge in 30-year-old superconductor mystery
Researchers are taking steps toward cracking the puzzle of how high-temperature superconductors work.
Tufts University computer scientist elected AAAS Fellow
Diane Souvaine, Ph.D., a professor of computer science at Tufts University, has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the world's largest scientific society.
Mechanism of protective protein identified in fight against harmful bacteria
Research from the University of Southampton, in collaboration with colleagues at A*STAR in Singapore, has provided new understanding of a protein which plays an important role in protecting bacterial cells associated with harmful infections.
Argonne researchers study how reflectivity of biofuel crops impacts climate
Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have conducted a detailed study of the albedo (reflectivity) effects of converting land to grow biofuel crops.
Immune receptors amplify 'invader' signals by turning into mini-machines
Salk Institute finding could lead to treatment designs for immune-based cancer and autoimmune disease.
Adding higher frequencies helps detect adolescent hearing loss
Adding higher frequencies to the American Academy of Pediatrics hearing test protocol helps detect adolescent hearing loss, according to a team of pediatricians and audiologists.
Cement materials are an overlooked and substantial carbon 'sink'
A new study involving the University of East Anglia shows that cement structures are a substantial but overlooked absorber of carbon emissions -- offsetting some of those emitted during cement production itself.
Protein that protects during stress sheds light on how diabetes drug prevents tumors
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have identified a previously unknown mechanism that helps fortify the structure and tight junctions between epithelial cells -- a basic cell type that lines various body cavities and organs throughout the body, forming a protective barrier against toxins, pathogens and inflammatory triggers.
Early childhood household smoke exposure predicts later delinquency and dropout risk at age 12
More children are exposed to household tobacco smoke in early childhood, the greater their risk of adopting antisocial behavior toward others, engaging in proactive and reactive aggression, having conduct problems at school, and dropping out at age 12.
New study finds chronic wound patients who never receive opioids heal faster
Victoria Shanmugam, M.D., associate professor of medicine at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, published a study in Wound Repair and Regeneration finding that opioid exposure is associated with reduced likelihood of healing in patients with chronic wounds.
A phone that charges in seconds? UCF scientists bring it closer to reality
University of Central Florida researchers developed a way to coat materials used to create supercapacitors with two-dimensional materials, allowing them to store more energy and be recharged 30,000+ times without degrading.
New math tools for new materials
University of Utah mathematician Graeme Milton presents a new tool for understanding how energy waves move through complex materials, opening up possibilities to design materials that absorb or bend energy as desired.
Individual lifespans are becoming more similar
The higher the life expectancy in a society, the smaller the difference between the ages at which people will die.
Five Berkeley lab scientists named AAAS fellows
Five scientists from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science .
Study finds occupational therapy unable to delay Alzheimer's patients' functional decline
In first study to investigate whether two years of in-home occupational therapy might help those with Alzheimer's disease delay loss of physical function, researchers from Indiana Center for Aging Research and Regenstrief Institute have found that occupational therapy tailored to the individual patient's needs did not delay the loss of everyday functions such as walking, eating, bathing and toileting.
Antihypertensive medications and fracture risk: Is there an association?
Further examination of randomized clinical trial data suggests that thiazide diuretics to treat hypertension may be associated with lower risk of hip and pelvic fractures compared with some other antihypertensive medications, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
Lying on your back while pregnant could increase the risk of stillbirth
Pregnant women who lie on their backs in the third trimester may be increasing the risk of stillbirth, according to a study published in The Journal of Physiology.
Flashy language doesn't fly with Supreme Court
Memo to all attorneys submitting legal briefs to the U.S.
New treatment for allergic response targets mast cells
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the National Institutes of Health have developed a method that stops allergic reactions by removing a key receptor from mast cells and basophils.
Protein packaging may cause the immune attacks of type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes occurs when immune cells attack the pancreas.
TSRI scientists named AAAS Fellows for innovative research in biology and neuroscience
Two scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have been elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
FSU researcher targeting mysteries of deep Earth
In a paper published this week, FSU Assistant Professor of Geology Mainak Mookherjee reports that water exists far deeper in the Earth than scientists previously thought.
Reliance on reason, evidence as a moral issue measured in study
While some people rely more on reason and evidence than others when deciding on their beliefs, a new report suggests people can also come to see a reliance on reason and evidence as a moral issue -- to see the rationality of another's beliefs as indicative of their morality.
Concrete jungle functions as carbon sink, UCI and other researchers find
Cement manufacturing is among the most carbon-intensive industrial processes, but an international team of researchers has found that over time, the widely used building material reabsorbs much of the CO2 emitted when it was made.
Most meltwater in Greenland fjords likely comes from icebergs, not glaciers
Icebergs contribute more meltwater to Greenland's fjords than previously thought, losing up to half of their volume as they move through the narrow inlets, according to new research.
Fiction-book narratives: Only six emotional storylines
Our most beloved works of fiction hide well-trodden narratives. And most fictions is based on far fewer storylines than you might have imagined.
Scientists reconstruct formation of the southern Appalachians
A new study finds that the process that built the Appalachian Mountains 300 million years ago is similar to the process building the Himalayas today.
NFL player health: The role of club doctors
New Hastings Center special report includes recommendations from The Football Players Health Study at Harvard University for reducing club doctors' conflicts of interest, with diverse commentary from NFL physicians, current and former NFL players, and others.
Diabetes drug metformin corrects mitochondrial metabolism in familial cancer disorder
In this issue of the JCI, research led by Paul Hwang at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute discovered that treatment with the commonly-prescribed diabetes medication metformin treatment blocked increases in mitochondrial metabolism in a mouse model of Li-Fraumeni syndrome, leading to a lower rate of tumor formation and increased survival time.
Reconditioning the brain to overcome fear
Researchers have discovered a way to remove specific fears from the brain, using a combination of artificial intelligence and brain scanning technology.
Risk of hemorrhage with statins and stroke prevention drug combination
Two commonly used statins can increase the risk of hemorrhage when combined with dabigatran etexilate, a drug often used for preventing stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, according to a study in CMAJ.
Street triage halves the rate of Mental Health Act detentions
An on-street assessment by a specialist team has been shown to more than half the number of police detentions under the Mental Health Act and potentially save large health trusts £1 million a year.
Regular walking regimen can improve heart health
Heart disease, the leading cause of death in America, can be combated by implementing a simple walking regimen.
Effect of collaborative care with occupational therapy indeterminate for slowing functional decline from dementia
Two years of in-home occupational therapy combined with collaborative care did not slow the rate of functional decline among persons with Alzheimer disease.
Dementia on the downslide, especially among people with more education
In a hopeful sign for the health of the nation's brains, the percentage of American seniors with dementia is dropping, a new study finds.
Study compares immune response of 2 vs. 3 doses of HPV vaccine
In a study published online by JAMA, Ole-Erik Iversen, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of Bergen, Norway, and colleagues examined whether human papillomavirus (HPV) type-specific antibody responses would be noninferior (not worse than) among girls and boys ages 9 to 14 years after receiving two doses of the nine-valent HPV vaccine compared with adolescent girls and young women ages 16 to 26 years who received the standard three doses.
Computer scientists work to prevent hackers from remotely controlling cars
A luxury vehicle today contains multiple computers. During an hour's drive, it thus produces multiple gigabytes of data.
UTSA study examines CEO influence on corporate political activity
A new study by Bruce Rudy, assistant professor of management at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), examines the influence corporate CEOs have on their firm's political activity.
Turning back the aging clock
By boosting genes that destroy defective mitochondrial DNA, researchers can slow down and potentially reverse an important part of the aging process.
Our brains have a basic algorithm that enables our intelligence, scientists say
Our brains have a basic algorithm that enables us to not just recognize a traditional Thanksgiving meal, but the intelligence to ponder the broader implications of a bountiful harvest as well as good family and friends.
Investing in the 'bioeconomy' could create jobs and reduce carbon emissions
A new article looks at the potential benefits of a Billion Ton Bioeconomy, a vision to enable a sustainable market for producing and converting a billion tons of US biomass to bio-based energy, fuels, and products by 2030.
Answering a longstanding question: Why is the surface of ice wet?
Hokkaido University scientists have unraveled a 150-year-old mystery surrounding the surface melting of ice crystals in subzero environments by using an advanced optical microscope.
Among antidementia drugs, memantine is associated with the highest risk of pneumonia
A recent study from the University of Eastern Finland shows that among users of antidementia drugs, persons using memantine have the highest risk of pneumonia.
Team finds new way to attach lipids to proteins, streamlining drug development
Protein-based drugs are used in the treatment of every kind of malady, from cancer to heart disease to rheumatoid arthritis.
Household smoke exposure linked to antisocial behavior in young adolescents
Researchers found modest, yet reliable long-term links between early childhood household smoke exposure and self-reported antisocial behavior in early adolescence.
Cooking and masculinity in Sweden
In a newly published study in The Sociological Review, researchers from Uppsala University and Stockholm University have explored how everyday domestic cooking is part of a (self-)understanding of men in Sweden and how the expressed sociality of cooking is intertwined with masculinity.
Insight into the brain's control of hunger and satiety
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) researchers have identified previously unknown neural circuitry that plays a role in promoting satiety, the feeling of having had enough to eat.
Exercise may not provide benefit over physical therapy after knee replacement
In a randomized trial of patients who underwent total knee replacement as a treatment for osteoarthritis, a group program of strengthening and aerobic exercises was not better at alleviating long-term knee pain or overcoming activity limitations compared with usual care, which included physical therapy.
The promise of precision medicine for rheumatoid arthritis
In a new study, a Yale-led research team identified the mechanism of a gene that raises the risk of severe rheumatoid arthritis in susceptible individuals.
Butterfly mother's food choice for offspring changes with experience
University of Guam researcher collaborates on study looking at the food preference of Chilades pandava, an invasive butterfly that has caused considerable damage to Guam's native cycad.
Reason for pancreatic cancer's resistance to chemotherapy found
A pioneering University of Liverpool research team have published a study that identifies the mechanism in the human body that causes resistance of pancreatic cancer cells to chemotherapy.
Natural regeneration may help protect tropical forests
A new article summarizes the findings of 16 studies that illustrate how natural regeneration of forests, a low-cost alternative to tree planting, can contribute significantly to forest landscape restoration in tropical regions.
Common probiotics can reduce stress levels, lessen anxiety
Probiotics, or beneficial live bacteria that are introduced into the body, have become increasingly popular as a way to improve health and well-being.
Clemson scientists unveil software that revolutionizes habitat connectivity modeling
A trio of Clemson University scientists has unveiled a groundbreaking computational software called 'GFlow' that makes wildlife habitat connectivity modeling vastly faster, more efficient and superior in quality and scope.
CIMMS and NOAA collaborate under new $95.3 million agreement
The Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies at the University of Oklahoma collaborate with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on weather and climate under the terms of a five-year, $95.3 million agreement with NOAA.
Family ties: Immune response size controlled by cell 'inheritance'
Australian and Irish researchers have gained previously unachievable insights into how the size of our immune response is controlled, by developing new imaging and computational biology approaches to follow the behaviour of hundreds of cells.
A new system to detect spinal deformity
Researchers have developed a symmetry-recognition system for the surface of the human back that can three-dimensionally detect the early stages of idiopathic scoliosis, a type of spinal deformity, without the help of a specialist doctor.
Efforts are needed to protect native species from feral cats
Feral cats are among the most damaging invasive species worldwide, particularly in Australia where they have caused the extinction of more than 20 mammal species.
Researchers generate 3-D virtual reality models of unborn babies
Parents may soon be able to watch their unborn babies grow in realistic 3-D immersive visualizations, thanks to new technology that transforms MRI and ultrasound data into a 3-D virtual reality model of a fetus, according to research being presented next week at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
Henri Darmon to receive 2017 AMS Cole Prize in Number Theory
Henri Darmon of McGill University will receive the 2017 AMS Cole Prize in Number Theory 'for his contributions to the arithmetic of elliptic curves and modular forms.'
Musical training creates new brain connections in children
Taking music lessons increases brain fiber connections in children and may be useful in treating autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, according to a study being presented next week at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.
Edison T. Liu of The Jackson Laboratory named 2016 AAAS Fellow
Edison T. Liu, M.D. of The Jackson Laboratory (JAX) has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
Study finds hemorrhage risk with combination of 2 common statins and anti-stroke drug
Two commonly prescribed statins appear to be associated with a higher risk of bleeding than others when combined with dabigatran, a new study finds.
Teaching excellence framework risks 'driving a wedge' between teaching and research
The Physiological Society has released a report making recommendations to Government on the changes taking place in Higher Education, especially with the planned roll out of the 'Teaching Excellence Framework' (TEF).

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Erasing The Stigma
Many of us either cope with mental illness or know someone who does. But we still have a hard time talking about it. This hour, TED speakers explore ways to push past — and even erase — the stigma. Guests include musician and comedian Jordan Raskopoulos, neuroscientist and psychiatrist Thomas Insel, psychiatrist Dixon Chibanda, anxiety and depression researcher Olivia Remes, and entrepreneur Sangu Delle.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#537 Science Journalism, Hold the Hype
Everyone's seen a piece of science getting over-exaggerated in the media. Most people would be quick to blame journalists and big media for getting in wrong. In many cases, you'd be right. But there's other sources of hype in science journalism. and one of them can be found in the humble, and little-known press release. We're talking with Chris Chambers about doing science about science journalism, and where the hype creeps in. Related links: The association between exaggeration in health related science news and academic press releases: retrospective observational study Claims of causality in health news: a randomised trial This...