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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | November 24, 2016


First steps to neutralizing Zika
A team of researchers at Duke-NUS Medical School, in collaboration with scientists from the University of North Carolina, have discovered the mechanism by which C10, a human antibody previously identified to react with the Dengue virus, prevents Zika infection at a cellular level.
Upward mobility boosts immunity in monkeys
The richest and poorest Americans differ in life expectancy by more than a decade.
New target receptor discovered in the fight against obesity
New research highlighted today in Nature Reviews Endocrinology has discovered the essential role that the receptor FFAR2 plays in the success of fermentable carbohydrates -- found in foods such as vegetables, fruit, breads, cereals and pasta -- in suppressing appetite and preventing obesity.
A new perovskite could lead the next generation of data storage
EPFL scientists have developed a new perovskite material with unique properties that can be used to build next-generation hard drives.
More reliable way to produce single photons for quantum information imprinting
Physicists at the University of Bath have developed a technique to more reliably produce single photons that can be imprinted with quantum information.
Adult stem cell types' heart repair potential probed
New research from New Zealand's University of Otago is providing fresh insights into how a patient's adult stem cells could best be used to regenerate their diseased hearts.
Building stress-resistant memories
Though it's widely assumed that stress zaps a person's ability to recall memory, it doesn't have that effect when memory is tested immediately after a taxing event, and when subjects have engaged in a highly effective learning technique, a new study reports.
Major ALS research funding announced
Researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute of McGill University who play key roles in uncovering the mechanisms underlying ALS will share in $3.9 million in research funding, part of $4.5 million announced on Nov.
Researchers discover most winter boots are too slippery to walk safely on icy surfaces
A team of researchers from the iDAPT labs at Toronto Rehabilitation Institute-University Health Network are dedicated to keeping Canadians safer this winter by offering evidence-based ratings on footwear that may reduce the risk of slips and falls on ice.
Cholesterol an important piece of the puzzle for fat-burning
Gut bacteria play a little-understood role in energy balance, which is influenced by diet.
Scientists propose 10 policies to protect vital pollinators
Pesticide regulation, diversified farming systems and long-term monitoring are all ways governments can help to secure the future of pollinators such as bees, flies and wasps, according to scientists.
Why are black men missing from prostate cancer research?
Black men are three times more likely to develop prostate cancer than other demographics, yet black men are consistently underrepresented in research studies, say researchers from King's College London in a new paper published in ecancermedicalscience.
Macrophage-dependent IL-1β production induces cardiac arrhythmias in diabetic mice
One of the most serious complications of diabetes, heart arrhythmias, is now on its way to be prevented and combated.
Toxoplasma's balancing act explained
The parasite Toxoplasma gondii infects up to 95 percent of people in many regions of the world, and most of them never know it.
A-LEAF, a full device for artificial photosynthesis
The A-LEAF project seeks to respond to the world's challenge of finding new sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels.
Cell reprogramming with help from the neighbors
Researchers have identified a mechanism by which cells undergo reprogramming in live mice, a phenomenon that had previously been poorly understood.
Fault curvature may control where big quakes occur
Major earthquakes -- magnitude 8.5 and stronger -- occur where faults are mostly flat, say University of Oregon and French geologists.
Depression in young people affects the stomach, anxiety the skin
Mental disorders and physical diseases frequently go hand in hand.
Development of graphene microwave photodetector
DGIST developed cryogenic microwave photodetector which is able to detect 100,000 times smaller light energy compared to the existing photedetectors.
Promoting parasites
Hiroshima University scientists have identified a new species of parasite infecting an invasive freshwater fish on the subtropical island of Okinawa, Japan.
Clarifying the plasma oscillation by high-energy particles
The National Institute for Fusion Science has developed a new code that can simulate the movement of plasma and, simultaneously, the movement of particles circulating at high speeds.
Beaches devastated by extreme storms showing little signs of recovery, study suggests
UK beaches left decimated by the severe winter of 2013-14 have still not recovered almost three years later, according to new research led by the University of Plymouth.
Mechanism revealed for side effects of drug used in hematopoietic stem cell harvesting
A team of Japanese researchers revealed the mechanism for side effects such as fever and bone pain caused by G-CSF, which is widely used for peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell harvesting.
Turning sugar waste into light -- and job opportunities
From Britain to Mexico, countries are considering sugar taxes to reduce consumption and curb the global obesity epidemic.
For platinum catalysts, tiny squeeze gives big boost in performance, Stanford study says
Squeezing a platinum catalyst a fraction of a nanometer nearly doubles its catalytic activity, a finding that could lead to better fuel cells and other clean energy technologies, say Stanford scientists.
UK launch of new Club of Rome report: 'Reinventing Prosperity'
A new report from the Club of Rome is to be launched today.
Bringing silicon to life
Living organisms have been persuaded to make chemical bonds not found in nature, a finding that may change how medicines and other chemicals are made in the future.
How parents divide their duties
Unexpected diversity in socially synchronized rhythms of shorebirds.
Game theory provides new insight on spreading environmentally conscious behavior
The simple act of exchanging information can influence people to change their actions to protect the environment, according to a new study that links game theory with psychological science.
Practice testing protects memory against stress
Learning by taking practice tests, a strategy known as retrieval practice, can protect memory against the negative effects of stress, report scientists from Tufts University.
Role for autophagic cellular degradation process in maintaining genomic stability
Tokyo Medical and Dental University-led researchers identified a role for the cellular degradation process autophagy in controlling centrosome number and ensuring genomic stability.
Edible dormice: The older they get the more they rejuvenate their cells
The shortening of telomeres in cells was thought to be an important biomarker for lifespan and aging.
Endangered Australasian marsupials are ancient survivors of climate change
In a new paper, published in Scientific Reports, an international team of researchers has analyzed fossils and DNA from living and recently extinct species to show that conservation sensitive Australasian marsupials are much older than previously thought.
Bringing carbon-silicon bonds to life
Following a few tweaks, heme proteins can efficiently catalyze the formation of carbon-silicon bonds, which are not found in any known biological molecules, nor capable of being created through any existing biological processes.
Understanding immune reaction to the hepatitis B virus
A collaboration of researchers from Japan and Malaysia has further clarified the immune response to hepatitis B virus through in vivo experimentation.
Quantum particles form droplets
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: the atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state.
Testing early warning signals for crises, in lakes
Wouldn't it be great to tell the state of an (eco)system -- healthy or heading for a crisis -- by keeping track of just a few key signals?
Tissue damage is key for cell reprogramming
Cell reprogramming does not happen exactly as we thought. A team from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre has shown that tissue damage is a relevant factor for cells to go back to an embryonic state.
Defining conservation priorities in tropical and biodiversity-rich countries
Prioritizing conservation actions in Peninsular Malaysia and biodiversity hotspots, guided by science and in consultation with key stakeholders.
VIB scientists develop diagnostic tool for familial Mediterranean fever
Researchers at VIB and Ghent University have developed a tool to diagnose familial Mediterranean fever (FMF).
Human cells with a 'built-in circuit' help prevent tumor growth
Researchers at the University of Southampton have engineered cells with a 'built-in genetic circuit' that produces a molecule that inhibits the ability of tumors to survive and grow in their low oxygen environment.
OIST researchers awarded grant to create new startup company
A START grant will enable the transfer of energy-producing wastewater treatment technology from the laboratory to industry.
Construction greener and more efficient with intelligent software
WMG is working to make vehicles more fuel efficient and cheaper with electrical systems.
Social status affects the immune system of macaques
The social status of a rhesus macaque affects the nature of its immune system, where low-status animals show greater antibacterial responses and high-status animals tend to have greater antiviral responses.

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